MAY-JUNE, 2015

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18
Imapct Factor: 4.889
ISSN: 2278-8808
Date: 04-Jul-2015

An International Peer Reviewed

Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies


I. Lenin & V.R. Rajesh

DIFFICULTIES FACED BY THE TEACHERS IN IMPLEMENTING MODERN TECHNOLOGY AT HIGHER SECONDARY LEVEL

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 1/7

 
The main objective of this study is to find out the level of difficulties faced by the teachers’ in implementing modern technology at higher secondary level and also to find out whether there is any difference in their difficulties in implementing modern technology based on few personal and demographic variables. The sample for this study consists of 300 higher secondary teachers’ (both male [150] and female [150]) from government and government aided schools from Theni educational district. The tool used for the study Teacher’s difficulty in implementing modern technology questionnaire was developed by the investigator (I. Lenin, 2012). The investigator found that the level of teachers’ faced difficulties in implementing modern technology in their class room teaching is below average in nature. It is found that there is no significance difference in teachers’ difficulties in implementing modern technology with respect to the following personal and demographical variables: (i) Sex, (ii) Type of school, and (iii) Nature of the school. The investigator also found that there is significance difference in teachers’ difficulties in implementing modern technology with respect to the locality of the School.
Keywords: Modern Technology, Difficulties, Higher Secondary Teachers. 

VIijay Anant Kulkarni

M THAKUR SAMUDAY SANGRAHALAY EK SANKLPANA

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 8/15

 

Pandey Gayatri & Das Pramod Kumar

EFFECTS OF ACTIVE AND PASSIVE RECOVERY ON SELECTED PHYSIOLOGICAL VARIABLES AMONG HOCKEY PLAYERS

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 16/25

Post exercise recovery occurs after the cessation of exercise and it is related to the removal of metabolic by-product, the replenishment of energy store, the initiation of tissue repair. The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of active (low intensity running and static stretching) and passive recovery (supine lying position) on the physiological variables namely heart rate, respiratory rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure among hockey players. Total 10 male intervarsity hockey players of 18 to 23 years old from L.N.I.P.E Gwalior (M.P), (5 for each group) were selected as subjects for this study. The physiological variables were measured with the following procedure: respiratory rate were measured manually from thoracic region (breath/minutes), heart rate with heart rate monitor (beat/ minutes) and blood pressure with automatic Sphygmomanometer. To determine the difference of resting heart rate and diastolic blood pressure among hockey players analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) test was employed and the significant level was set at 0.05. The result of the data indicated that there was no significant difference on respiratory rate, heart rate and blood pressure between active and passive recovery among hockey players.
Key words: Active recovery, Passive Recovery, physiological variables, Blood pressure. 

Azad Ahmad Andrabi

A STUDY OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AMONG TRIBAL AND NON-TRIBAL ADOLESCENTS OF KASHMIR

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 26/32

Pre-adulthood is a period amid which an adolescent realizes who he is and what he truly feels. It is a significant time for youngsters to build up their ability for compassion, conceptual thinking and future time perspective; a period when the close and dependent associations with parents start to offer approach to more extreme relationship with peers and different adults. Adolescence is the most vulnerable stage to the emotional issues, thus teaching adolescents about emotions and how they manage others and their activities can be exceptionally useful in their day by day battles and maintaining good relationships. The present study was undertaken to compare the emotional intelligence of tribal and non-tribal adolescents of Kashmir. Stratified random sampling technique was employed to select the adolescent students from the different high schools of Anantnag and Kupwara districts of Kashmir. Mangal, and Mangal emotional intelligence inventory was employed to collect data for emotional intelligence. Independent samples t-test was used to analyse the data. The results were found that the tribal and non-tribal adolescents differ significantly on the measure of emotional intelligence at 0.01 level of significance. Non-tribal adolescents showed a higher level of emotional intelligence than tribal students. Further the study revealed that there exist no significant difference between the male and female adolescents on the measure of emotional intelligence in tribal group. Whereas, there was significant difference between emotional intelligence of non-tribal male and female adolescents.
Key words: Emotional intelligence, Adolescent, tribal and non-tribal. 

B.P. Singh

A STUDY OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AMONG PRIVATE AND GOVT. SCHOOL TEACHERS IN RELATION TO THEIR TEACHING APTITUDE

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 33/39

In the present study an attempt has been made to find out the relationship between emotional intelligence (4dimensions i.e. ability to express and appraise emotions, utilize emotions, manage emotions in self and in others.) and teaching aptitude of school teachers. In addition to this the emotional intelligence of male and female private and government school teachers were also compared. The sample comprised of 200 subjects (50 male + 50 female private school teachers and 50 male + 50 female government school teachers) of District Bhiwani Emotional intelligence scale developed and standardized by Pandey and Anand was used to measure the emotional intelligence. Teaching aptitude test battery constructed and standardized by R.P. Singh was used. Results indicate that three dimensions of E.I. (i.e. ability to express feeling, ability to utilize emotions and ability to utilize emotions in self) shows significant difference among private and government school teachers. There exists significant difference between teaching aptitude of private and government school teachers. Three exists positive correlation between emotional intelligence and teaching aptitude school teachers.
Key Words: Emotional intelligence, teaching aptitude, school teachers. 

Rajeev Kaushal

INCORPORATION OF SMART CLASSROOM PRACTICES IN INDIAN TEACHER EDUCATION PROGRAMME: AVANT-GARDISM HARNESSING THE POTENTIAL OF ICT IN LEARNING AND PEDAGOGY

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 40/52

There are three age-old buzz words in the field of teacher education viz. Teacher, Student and Education and have at least two alphabets in common i.e. ‘E’ and ‘T’. In the 21st century of technology driven world these two in the joined form (ET) would best stand as abbreviation for the term ‘Educational Technology’ which is highly related to another term ‘Information & Communication Technology’ (ICT). The Govt. has started a project entitled NME-ICT to leverage the potential of ICT, in teaching and learning process for the benefit of all learners in Higher Education Institutions in any time anywhere mode. In this era of ICT the concept of SMART classes has emerged as a boon for both teacher and learners. This paper highlights the significance and potential of smart classroom practices in teacher education programmes besides giving valuable suggestions pertaining to the use of same in pedagogy and learning.
Keywords : Educational Technology, ICT, NME-ICT, Smart classes.

Kamini Sharma

A STUDY OF SELF-EFFICACY AND ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION OF PROSPECTIVE TEACHERS IN RELATION TO THEIR ATTITUDE TOWARDS TEACHING

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 53/57

The present study aims to find out the relationship between Self – Efficacy, Achievement Motivation and Attitude towards Teaching of Prospective Teachers. For this purpose a sample of 290 Prospective teachers was randomly selected from colleges of Education in Navi Mumbai of Maharashtra state. The study reveals that there is positive co relation between Self- Efficacy and Attitude towards Teaching of Prospective Teachers. But it is not significant at 0.05 level of significance. There is negative co – relation between Achievement Motivation and Attitude towards teaching of Prospective Teachers and also not significant. Male and female Prospective Teachers differ significantly in their Self –Efficacy but not in their Achievement Motivation and Attitude towards Teaching.
Keywords :- Self –Efficacy, Achievement Motivation, Attitudes towards Teaching, Prospective Teachers. 

Shubha Maheshwari

A INNOVATIVE TECHNIQUE TO REDUCE THE MISBEHAVIOUR OF THE B.Ed STUDENTS THROUGH ROLE PLAY TECHNIQUE

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 58/64

 

Russell Al Farabi

DECOLONIZING THE MIND OF THE OPPRESSED: A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF NGUGI WA THIONG’O AND PAULO FREIRE

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 65/73

Knowledge is power - this insight is at least four centuries old, formulated by philosopher Francis Bacon during the Enlightenment. His statement has lost nothing in terms of relevance and significance: Knowledge is power, and education is the fundamental precondition for political development, democracy and social justice. This paper explores how African writer Ngugi Wa Thiong’o establishes the relationship between the language and power in the process of decolonising the mind. On the other hand, Freire‟s generative themes is a student centered system of learning that challenges how knowledge is constructed in the formal education system and in society at large. Freire’s student centered approach stands in stark contrast to conventional educational practice, which he referred to as the “banking approach” to education. Freire has been able to draw upon and weave together a number of strands of thinking about educational practice and liberation .His theoretical innovations have had a considerable impact on the development of educational practice all over the world.
Keywords: Colonisation,Banking Education, Reflection, Culture, Codifications, Praxis. 

Ravula Sarvani

THE UN-TRAVERSED MARGIN

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 74/78

The most awaited dawn of Indian Independence, along with the gaiety of freedom also brought the gloom of Partition of Indian sub-continent in 1947. The Political and geographical Partition was succeeded by religious fanatism which resulted in unprecedented dance of death and destruction. The religious turbulence threw millions of people haywire across the borders. Women were the victims and the worst sufferers in this communal vendetta of Men to seek revenge on one another. This aspect of the suffering is much focussed to criticise the ‘other religion’. Unfortunately, the suffering induced on Women by the Men of their own community in the guise of ’protectors’, is rarely spoken and recorded. Saadat Hasan Manto recorded this untraversed truth of the suffering afflicted on women in the short story ‘Open It’ (Khol Do). Therefore this paper attempts to speak about this unspoken savagery plagued on Women during the Partition of the Indian Sub-continent.
Key Words- Partition, Holocaust, Fratricide, Religious affiliations, Trauma 

Gopal K Kalkoti

VALUE CHAIN FINANCE - INITIATIVES IN INDIA

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 79/88

The nature of laws that govern the financial sector, as well as the quality of the institutions that enforce those laws, will largely determine the shape, size and depth of the financial sector. Of particular importance are the laws and institutions that facilitate/ promote or discourage/inhibit secured lending by influencing the ease with which agricultural and other rural assets can be used as collateral. These laws need to be reviewed and amended from time to time and financial/legal literacy and credit counseling in rural areas need to be continuously provided to users in order to ensure orderly growth of rural financial markets, since these are two issues of particular concern for the development of Rural Financial Markets(RFMs) in most developing countries. The experiences also confirm that mere establishment of an appropriate enabling environment does not guarantee that people will use their assets as collateral or use them prudentially. In rural areas, peoples’ understanding of their rights to own property and utility value of property owned is not adequate for them to seize available opportunities for their socio-economic development that their ownership makes possible. Efforts are, therefore, necessary to make them fully aware/educate potential borrowers as to the rights and responsibilities associated with property ownership, which can help them leverage their assets while understanding the risks in doing so. 

Reni Francis

CELEBRATING LEARNING ACHIEVEMENT THROUGH STUDENT SUPPORT AND PROGRESSION

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 89/99

A child’s personality is shaped and sharpened at school where the students get connected to the world of knowledge and hence it becomes important for the teachers to satisfy the students’ needs by playing diverse roles. The teachers caters to individualizing instruction by applying learning theories and principles to instruction so as to enable each and every child to realize one’s fullest potentials, thereby engaging him in active learning. This study analyzed the Learning Achievement through student support and progression among 85 teacher trainees. The objective of the study was to celebrate learning achievement among the teacher trainees. The hypotheses of the study were tested using statistical techniques. The findings of the study revealed the positive impact of learning achievement through different student support methods. The student support methods used in this survey were: (i) Tutorials (ii) Study Circle (iii) Peer Tutoring (iv) Mobile device Learning (v) Extended Remediation. The findings of the paper highlighted that all the student support methods used in the study were of immense help to the teacher trainees towards learning achievement and better understanding of the concepts.
Keywords: student support methods, teacher trainees, learning achievement. 

Saradindu Bera & Ramakanta Mohalik

ENHANCING QUALITY OF TEACHING LEARNING BY USING INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT)

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 100/101

During the past few years, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has changed our daily activities in many ways. The ICT has revolutionized teaching–learning process. One of the goals for integrating ICTs in education is to enhance teaching-learning practices there by improving quality of education. Considering that ICT plays an increasingly important role in society, especially if we take into account social, economic and cultural role of computers and Internet, it is clear that the time has come for the actual entry of ICT in the field of education. The combination of ICT and the internet certainly opens not only many opportunities for creativity and innovation, but also for approaching the teaching material to current generation of students. Technology saves time and gives students access to powerful new ways to explore concepts at a depth that has not been possible in the past. The growth of these communication and computer systems, their ease of use, the power and diversity of information transfer allow teachers and students to have access to a world beyond the classroom also interact with each other over a world geographic distance in a meaningful way to achieve the learning objectives. It has the potential to transform the nature and process of the learning environment and envision a new learning culture. Interactively, flexibility and convenience have become the order of the day in the ICT supported environment. ICT helps the learner to share learning resources and spaces, promote learner centered and collaborative learning principles and enhance critical thinking, creative thinking and problem solving skills. ICT based education is definitely the direction towards which the whole world is progressing.
Keywords: ICT, Education, Teaching-Learning, Technology, Computer. 

Ayesha Abrar

FROM ORALITY TO PRINT TO DIGITAL LITERATURE: ANALYZING THE THIRD AGE LITERARY NARRATIVE

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 101/107

This paper is a study of the Third Age in the evolution of literary narratives that has opened immense new possibilities in an unprecedented way. Digital literature has emerged as a literature of circularity and potential- a highly malleable and potent mode that amalgamates characteristics of both print and oral literary cultures. It is also with this emergence that an alternate discourse has emerged. Language as used in the virtual realm has evolved with new coinages, innovations with linguistic structures and alternative uses of language in popular discourse in the virtual world. This paper shall take a closer look at the politics of authorship which takes an unconventional twist especially in the case of hypertext novels, and also explore what happens to the economics of writing and publishing in this virtual market of literature. 

Kavita Kalkoti

STRATEGIC APPROACH TO BANKING IN RURAL AREAS

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 108/113

Banking in India is full of diversities, in their sizes, organizational patterns, geographical presence and functional specializations banks are different. Till recently, there was classification on the basis of capital base, in the form of scheduled and non-scheduled banks. We see that, Banking in India has overgrown, diversified and over-stretched, like many of the sprawling, unplanned big cities in India. 

Mohd Zubair Kales & Jyoti Parihar

IMPACT OF TEACHERS BEHAVIOUR ON THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF THE STUDENTS AT COLLEGE LEVEL WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO JAMMU DIVISION OF J&K STATE

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 114/145

The major purpose of the study is to investigate the impact of teacher’s behaviour on the academic achievement of the college students in Jammu. The main objectives of the study were (i) to highlight the present status of colleges in Jammu, (ii) to investigate the behaviour of the college teachers in Jammu (iii) to examine the academic achievement of the college students as a result of teacher’s behaviour (iv) to highlight the causes which affect academic achievement of the college students (v) to sort out the relationship between the teacher’s behaviour and academic achievement (vi) to recommend strategies for the improvement of teachers behaviour. All the working college teachers along with the students of colleges were the population of this study. A random sampling technique was used for selection of the sample. Public colleges were included in the sample, further teachers and students from each college were also randomly selected as the sample of the study. Two questionnaires, one for college teachers and other for college students were developed for the collection of data. Collected data were tabulated analyzed and interpreted in the light of objectives of the study by applying statistical tools of chi-square and Pearson’s Product – Moment coefficient of correlation(r). The level of significancewas 0.05. Main conclusions of the study were, expansion of the colleges was financed properly; highly qualified teachers ratio was very low. at the time of their recruitment. 

Manas Kumar Das

GROWTH OF EDUCATION IN ODISHA DURING THE BRITISH PERIOD

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 146/151

 

Ritu Madhan & Dhara Padia

ARE COUNTERFEITS FAIR?

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 164/170

Consumers have numerous options to select and buy various kinds of apparel and accessories. Depending on stores or shops, offers branded and counterfeit apparel and accessories to the consumers to buy from. This availability of wide varieties of product confuses and bewilders the average consumer. Counterfeit products are imitations of brand name products. They are the look-alikes or spell alike of actual brand products. Counterfeit products tend to have fake company logosand brands. In case of goods, it results in patent infringement or trademark infringement. Though prohibited, production and availability of counterfeit is growing by leaps and bounds. The growth in counterfeiting clearly has an economic impact in the marketplace and on the manufacturers of brand products and social status of the consumers. This paper discusses various pertinent issues like factors affecting consumer buying decisions and to make consumers aware of taking wise buying decisions, opinions of various stakeholders in the process of branding and counterfeiting. The results suggest that most important factors that influence a consumer’s final buying decision are the price and quality of the product but those who are not able to afford the branded apparel and accessories select to buy counterfeit apparel and accessories as they can satisfy their social needs. The result of the study also indicates that strong and powerful brand in the market are those brands whose counterfeits are available on high rate irrespective of its illegitimate. The production of counterfeit apparel and accessories is a crime and its sales are serious threat to both the manufacturers of the branded apparel and accessoriesand for the welfare of the consumers who purchase counterfeit apparel and accessories.Through this study, an attempt is been made to understand need for branding so that the manufacturers, retailers, and ultimate consumers remain unaffected by counterfeit products. 

Sudhindra Roy

A STUDY ON CAREER MATURITY OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN RELATION TO SCHOOL MANAGEMENT

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 171/179

 The term career maturity was introduced by Super (1957). It means the individual’s ability and readiness to make appropriate career choices (Lundberg et al., 1997). Among those various factors playing a significant role while deciding a career of adolescents, school environment is an important one. The present research was an attempt to study career maturity of secondary school students in relation to the school management. The descriptive survey method was used in the study. The study was delimited to the 120 secondary stage students. In order to conduct the study, schools (private and government) were randomly selected from Birbhum district of West Bengal. The tool used for the study was Career Maturity Inventory (CMI) (Attitude Scale & Competency Test) John Crites, Indian adaptation by Nirmal Gupta, 1989. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used for the analysis and interpretation of data. On comparison of private and government schools, the results clearly indicate that the students of private schools possess significantly a higher career maturity and career maturity attitude, but there is no significant effect of management on the career maturity competence of secondary school students.
Keywords: Career Maturity, Management, Secondary School Students, Birbhum District of W.B

Ritendra Roy

HIGHER EDUCATION IN INDIA: CHALLENGES AND REMEDIAL MEASURES

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 180/187

Government data suggests that only one out of every seven children get the opportunity to go to college. The Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) for higher education is poor (13.8%). This is a situation to worry so far as higher education in developed countries are concerned. Report suggests that no Indian institute was listed in the top 200 universities in a global ranking. These data are sufficient enough to understand that lack of quantity and quality both are the major challenges to our higher education system. There are some other issues which affect both the quantity and quality, hence higher education. Improper governance decreases the chances of creating additional capacity as well as quality in spite of having policies RUSA. Lack of adequate infrastructure is another major concern that should be taken care, as appropriate physical environment is the basic need for education. Although the job market has increased manifold but still remains far behind from the demand. It is also a matter of concern that majority of students are jobless even after completing higher education. Improper use of human resources is also an issue of concern. Problems are many but we have to find out the solution with a positive attitude to implement those at ground level.
Keywords- higher education, gross enrolment ratio, quantity, quality, skill 

S. Dash, M.Raj & S.Padhi

CHARACTERISATION OF SEED-OIL OF CITRULLUS COLOCYNTHIS (L.) SCHARD

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 188/192

Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schard. is an important medicinal plant belonging to family Cucurbitaceae. The seeds of the plant are rich in oil which attracts many scientists to study its potential for the production of bio-fuel from the extracted oil. Taking this important aspect of this plant, the present research work was done emphasising on the study of its seed-oil. The percentage yield of oil from its seeds was found to be (18.66%). Characterising its potential on the basis of its physiochemical parameters such as acid value, saponification value, peroxide value and moisture content, it showed its acid value to be 4.445mgKOH, saponification value to be 177.97mgKOH and peroxide value to be 0.009 .TLC analysis of the crude oil from Citrullus colocynthis seed showed that the major constituents were mainly the triglycerides (Rf=0.66 ), free fatty acids (Rf=0.37), phospholipids (Rf=0.25) and sterols (Rf=0.16) along with other minor unidentified constituents. Key Words: Citrullus colocynthis, Cucurbitaceae, seed oil, acid value, saponification value, peroxide value, TLC, Rf value, triglycerides, free fatty acids, phospholipids, sterols. 

Sangeeta Kumari Barwal & Kavita Sharma

AN ANALYSIS OF ATTITUDE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS TOWARDS CONTINUOUS COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 193/202

Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) is the buzz word being in the air since the talks of the examination reforms being given utmost importance as far as the Indian Education System is concerned. According to University Education Commission (1948-49) that, “If we are to suggest a single reform in the system of education then it would be that of examination.” The remark was followed by formation of number of committees and commissions. They had given several recommendations after observing the whole education system and were revealed that evaluation is the missing link of our education system. So realizing the importance of continuous comprehensive evaluation as an important criterion of the present study was undertaken by the investigator with the objectives like to study the difference in the attitude of male and female, government and private, CBSE and HPBOSE and rural and urban secondary school teachers towards continuous comprehensive evaluation. As such date was collected from 150 secondary school teachers of Distt. Mandi of Himachal Pradesh through administration of a self-developed tool study the significance of difference between various groups ‘t’ test was applied. The study reports the findings like the male and female, government and private, CBSE and HPBOSE, and rural and urban secondary school teachers do not differ on their attitude towards continuous comprehensive evaluation.
Keywords: Attitude, Secondary school teachers, continuous comprehensive evaluation. 

Asawari Fartade, Madhukar Fartade & Sunita Borde

A PSEUDOPHYLLIDEAN SENGA MADHUKARII SP. NOV. FROM A FRESHWATER FISH MASTACEMBELUS ARMATUS FROM GODAVARI BASIN MAHARASHTRA STATE (INDIA).

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 203/212

The present communication deals with the description of a new species of genus Senga madhukarii from fresh water fish Mastacembelus armatus from Godavari basin provided new data on their morphology. The present worm differ from the known species of the genus in the shape and size of the scolex, number of hooks and arrangement of rostellum, shape of Segment, number of testes, position of cirrus pouch and arrangement of vitellaria.
Keywords: - Godavari basin, Mastacembelus armatus, Senga madhukarii Sp.Nov. 

Sumit Goklaney

CORRUPTION IN INDIAN GOVERNANCE

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 213/218

World has been developing dramatically and with it, the destroying factors like corruption is also growing. Corruption is such a word about which everyone has heard and experienced is the personal lives. Why this word has become so common? The word corruption has something negative related to it, they why it is growing so rapidly. Who is responsible & accountable for its genesis & growth? And what we have to do if we want to get rid of this drastic system. Every day we read the different ways or types of corruption happening in society and we make assumption by ourselves. When it comes to India, situation is whether same or different. This research paper has been prepared to answer these questions and suggest some valuable measures for its prevention. An attempt has been made to clarify the issue, to show various aspects of it are which providing measures for its prevention, at the same time.
Keyword:-Corruption, Democracy, Authority, Rule of Law, Bribes. 

Sumit Goklaney

ROLE OF IT IN FINANCIAL MARKET

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 219/233

Information a branch o science whose goal is to provide exchange of information and it also focuses on the electronic network development . In financial market all the transaction are performed over a network which are generally electronic networks. Also with the development of information Technology various tools are available for the assessment of various financial tasks, using those tools we can analyze our transaction, measure the risk for transactions, reduce the risk after analyzing hem beneficial results. This paper focuses on various tools and Techniques which are used as applications to various Financial activities from simple calculations to large group discussions & transfer of information over networks. So IT acting as an Administrator to the field of Finance
Index Terms: - Information Exchange, Tools & Techniques, Risk Analysis, Risk Reduction, Administration. 

Ajay Kumar Ramdas Ingale

DR. AMBEDKARANCHE SAMAJIK, AARTHIK SHAIKSHNIK V RAJKIY VICHAR

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 224/230

 

Neeraj Aggarwal

GREEN PRACTICES IN THE HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY: CASE STUDY OF DEHRADUN AND MUSSOORIE

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 230/240

Tourism is one of the leading growth sectors of the global economy, bringing in billions of
dollars annually in developing countries and transporting millions of people internationally. But
tourism industry\'s growth through the years has created an increasing amount of stress on the
environment .Uttrakhand is a holiday destination for tourist because of its historical , cultural
and natural heritage .The regions climate and resources enables economic and social
development that results for tourism on the other hand the number of tourist heading for the
region representing threat to its natural resources as well as to the balance of its Eco system .In
order to conserve local biodiversity while sustain the tourism industry a new approach involving
sustainable development must be implemented to achieve this ,different component of the tourism
industry need to be integrated in a global strategy of the environmental protection .Since hotel
industry is at the heart of tourism activity , it is important to evaluate and assess its
environmental impact , there is hence a need for greener hotels that are at the heart of Tourism
Industry.
Key Words: Tourism; Green Practices; Sustainability Environment Protection 

Sandeep Rajendra Sahu

ANALYSIS OF DOMESTIC THEATRICAL COLLECTION OF HINDI BOLLYWOOD INDUSTRY OF INDIA

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 240/247

The Bollywood Industry is estimated to be worth INR 126.4 billion in 2014. Though the share of
other revenue streams is on the rise, domestic theatrical (i.e. box office or ticket window)
collection is dominating one i.e. 74% of overall revenue generation in 2014. Bollywood is a
powerful medium that provides useful and entertaining information on history, civilization,
variety of cultures, religions, socio-economics and politics in various regional languages. India
boasts of more than 12,000 screens enjoying a weekly admission of about 100 million people or
5000+ million per year. Indians view cinema as an important part of their lives. It also provides
them, with its universal appeal, an alternative from the monotony and the hustle and bustle of
their daily lives. In recent times, few films have performed like never before in terms of
collection. In fact, in the recent past, the export sales of many Indian movies were higher than
the domestic sales. This research paper attempts to find out the trend of domestic theatrical
collection of Hindi bollywood industry. It also attempts to identify the weekend collection rate,
successful quarter and success rate of Hindi bollywood industry for the last four years from 2011
to 2014 for the purpose of this research. After the analysis of the study, researcher suggests that
bollywood industry (i.e. hindi cinema) and also the regional cinema has favourable climate, at
present, in India. Nearly 50% of the cost is covered in the first weekend itself from the box-office.
But for the long term success of the film, it is the script department where focus is needed.
Key Words: Bollywood Industry, Hindi Movies, Domestic collection, Theatrical Revenue 

Nidhi Seth

WOMEN’S EDUCATION IN NINETEENTH CENTURY BENGALI WOMEN’S WRITINGS

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 248/257

Women’s education was one of the most important social reforms in nineteenth century
Bengal. History books enunciate the role of mostly male and some female reformers in the
development of women’s education. This paper, however, seeks to go beyond the patriarchal
meta narratives and argues that common women not only struggled for and achieved
education, but also used the power derived from education to argue for more widespread
reforms for women in the sphere of education besides reforms in marriage, widow
remarriage, nation building and sartorial reforms. Excerpts from the personal reflective
writings, especially articles in the progressive journals of the era, have been used as
evidence. The paper seeks to establish that education not only granted women a sense of
agency but through writing also equipped them with a means of symbolic resistance which
allowed the women to challenge the patriarchal structures of authority in the society.
Keywords: Women, Education, Personal Reflective Writings, Bengal, Nineteenth Century. 

Namesh Kumar

CHANGING AIMS OF EDUCATION IN NEW ERA IN CONTEXT TO GLOBALIZATION

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 258/265

The term “Globalization” means integration of economies and societies through cross country flows of information, ideas, technologies, goods, services, capital, finance and people. Cross-border integration is multi-dimensional including cultural, social, economic and political dimensions Globalization brings education to the front lines. An aim is a conscious purpose which we are apt to set before us. Education is one of the most important instruments that play their role in Human development. Globalization has created many opportunities as well as challenges only those nations can benefit from the opportunities which have acquired the required knowledge and skills. Relevant quality education and training, predominant in the new environment, promotes a productive and informed citizenry, and offers opportunities to the socially and economically underprivileged sections of society. Physical and mental well-being in a holistic and integrated approach towards human development is very much crucial. Global education is an education perspective which arises from the fact that contemporary people live and interact in an increasingly globalized world. Keywords: Globalization, Higher Education, Aims of Education, Teacher 

Himanshoo Kumar Sharma

ROLE OF OPEN AND DISTANCE, EDUCATION IN HIGHER EDUCATION

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 266/273

 In the World today, Open and Distance Education (ODE) system has been gaining widespread popularity over the years. The explosive growth of Open and Distance Learning (ODL) institutions and their scale of operations have been facilitated by continuous experiments and technological innovations in the field of ODE. In the light of these developments there is a need to assess the quality of the ODL in Globalization. Quality Assurance plays a pivotal role for highlighting the quality of both the learners as well as the teaching process in ODL. The improved access and availability of educational technology has enabled more students to participate in the learning process. New Educational Technologies have paved the way to a new learning techniques unconstrained by time and space. E-Learning, mobile technologies, communication and information access, and personal learning environments are becoming mainstream and, as a result the learning process is shifting away from teacher centered to the learner centered. Efficient delivery of such content may be carried out through Internet technology, Satellite or Microwave links as well as fiber optics. Open Learning has an important role to play by exploring new frontiers and developments in Open and Distance Education. The prominent users of this mode are worldwide in general and Asian region in particular. The growth of the ODE system in India and throughout the world has been phenomenal, particularly during the last two decades. Rapid changes have taken place in the practice of ODE, mainly driven by changes in Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). The revolution in ICT coupled with the social demand for education for all and the need for lifelong and continuing education have resulted in the new vistas of open learning for knowledge society.This paper attempts to study the importance of Distance Education in imparting education to the distance learners and its significance in making them independent in the present competitive world by providing flexible, accessible, qualitative and cost-effective education to women so that they can contribute to a more sustainable and prosperous society Keywords: - Distance Education, Learner, Empowerment.

Bhalchandra B Bhave

STUDY OF AN ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION PROJECT: ITS PRESENT STATUS AND IMPLEMENTATION AT HIGHER SECONDARY LEVEL

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 266/281

It is important to develop the awareness of environmental education among students and to
develop the environmental personality of student. The objectives proposed for the present
study were 1) To study the present status of an implementation of project of a subject of
environment education at higher secondary level. 2) To analyze the problems with
implementation of such environment project at higher secondary level school. 3)
Comparative study of the implementation of environment project in urban and rural area .4)
To suggest proper remedies for an implementation of environmental project. 5) To develop
the handbook for an effective implementation of environmental project. The present study
was based on sum assumption. Researcher had studied all about environmental education at
higher secondary school level so he has used survey method. Researcher has found a
problem regarding implementation of such project on the basis of findings related to
research, suggestion and recommendation has been given for effective implementation. 20
higher secondary schools, 2640 students, 20 principals and 40 teachers are selected for
sample. For the present study the researcher used following four tools for the collection of
data. A) Questionnaire B) Interview schedule -For principal & expert)Observation- By
keeping the importance of observation all parts of project prepared by higher secondary
schools students of observed, with the help of Norms D) Check list-Researcher has prepared
checklist to verify authenticity of responses of teachers and principals. The data collected by
the tools was analysis with the help of the simple Statistical presentation method
(Percentage). The collected data also represented graphically with the help of the Pie-chart
and Bar-graph. According to the objectives and assumptions of such research few main
findings are found , they are as follows...There is no separate appointment on environment
given to teach this subject in higher secondary school but teachers of science and geographyteach this subject as their subject work load. Every teacher has to know scientific information
of implementation, of effective project need an proper training. No sufficient guidance about
economic, social, cultural lifestyle environment is given by teacher at the time of subject area
selection subject area. No proper effort has taken for implementation of project for total
fulfillment of objectives. There is no any kind of grant given to school for selected
environment project and physical facilities. In higher secondary school of rural area,
projects are implemented more in number of Vermicom post, disposal of garbage,
underground water, saving water, preservation of trees, plantation of medicinal plants, uses
of trees. In higher secondary school of urban area , project are implemented more in
numbers of air pollution, water pollution , disposal of dried and wet garbage, study of water
supply department. Study of private institution of environment. All projects implemented in
rural and urban area are more in numbers related only with survey. But according to ratio of
experimental project are less in number. Researcher has developed a Handbook on effective
implementation of environment project for the teachers and students of higher secondary
school of Maharashtra state.

Keywords-Environment Education, Project, Effective implementation , Present Status.
 

Ganesh Prasad, Anupam Raj & S.B. Mishra

DIGITALLY TRANSFORMING INDIA- POWER TO EMPOWER

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 288/296

” Transforming India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy” is the vision
of Digital India. A pan India programme called “digital India” has been proposed in the budget
2014 to bridge the divide between digital “haves” and” have-nots”. It is an initiative of
Government of India to integrate the Government and departments and the people of India. It
aims at ensuring the government services are made available to citizens electronically by
reducing paperwork. This paper highlights the digital India program in three areas, namely
creation of digital infra structure, delivering services digitally and digital literacy. 

Jaspal Singh

WILL TO WIN: ANALYSIS OF HIGH PERFORMING FOOTBALL AND VOLLEYBALL PLAYERS

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 314/321

This paper aims to find out the role of will to win among high performing school, college
and club level football and volleyball players. Therefore, the investigator decided to find out
the significantly better group among high performing football and volleyball players on will
to win. The data of one hundred fifty (N=150) football players was collected from Schools,
Colleges and Clubs of Punjab state. In this study one hundred and twenty (N=120) volleyball
players were also selected randomly for the collection of data from schools, colleges and
clubs. The purposive random sampling technique was used to collect the data of football and
volleyball players. The test of Will to Win by Kumar and Shukla (1988) was administered to
record the response of school, college and club level football and volleyball players. Analysis
of Variance (ANOVA) was applied to find out the difference between school, college and club
level high performing football and volleyball players. The significance level was checked at
0.05 level of confidence. If results found significant then least Significant Difference (LSD)
post-hoc test was also applied to find out the best group among high performing football and
volleyball players. Results revealed that college and school level football players and college
and club; club and school level volleyball players differ significantly. On the basis of results
of this study it is concluded that will to win variables have great importance for victory and
perform at top levels. The will to win improve among players as they improve their level i.e.
from school to college and college to club. Which indicated that will to win improves as per
the maturity level of players. This variable needs to introduce for teaching from development
stages.
Keywords: will, win, football, volleyball, performance. 

Prabhjot Kaur

FLIPKART TILL DATE: A CASE STUDY

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 322/327

 The Indian E-commerce market has undergone exhaustive changes in the recent times. E-commerce has reached the doorstep of a common individual in India . It has broken the technological and geographical barriers over the years and has got huge amount of success.The E-Retailing form of market was something unheard of to the Indian consumer in 2007.Many Indians today are embracing e-retailing with enthusiasm .Popular portals such as Flipkart are spearheading the conversion of offline shoppers into online bargain hunters .Flipkart has made a name for itself in terms of market share and goodwill in the online market and it is posing a big threat to the retailers by its marketing strategies.This case study aims to study functioning , market startegy ,SWOT analysis of Flipkart. Key words: E-Commerce, E-Retailing ,online , Flipkart

Sujay Madhukar Khadilkar

A STUDY TO UNDERSTAND CUSTOMER PERCEPTION ON AFTER SALES SERVICES OF FOUR WHEELERS EXPLORATORY STUDY

May-Jun,2015, Vol - 3/18, Page - 334/342

Increasing competition due to globalization, increasing demands of the customer are changing the dynamics of running the business. It’s not enough to meet the customer expectations and satisfying their needs, but to delight them by providing extra services which add value to the overall organization. In this paper researcher is in search for finding the level of satisfaction of customer and to know the expectations of customers regarding the after sales services of Maruti Suzuki in Pune city. For the purpose of research, researcher has used primary and secondary sources of data. This data has been analyzed by using analysis tools. The expected results will help the organization to know its strengths and weakness, to serve the customer in better way and to delight the customer.

Key words: Customer satisfaction, Customer Delight,