MARCH-APRIL,2016

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23
Imapct Factor: 4.889
ISSN: 2278-8808
Date: 04-May-2016

An International Peer Reviewed

Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies


Suman Saggu

EFFECT OF SOCIO-CONSTRUCTIVIST APPROACH OF TEACHING ON RESPONSIBLE ENVIRONMENTAL BEHAVIOUR IN RELATION TO INTELLIGENCE

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 1630/1639

 

The present paper discusses the effect of socio-constructivist approach of teaching on responsible environmental behaviour in relation to intelligence on the topics related to ecology for VII class curriculum. Teaching strategies using social constructivism as a referent include teaching in contexts that might be personally meaningful to students, negotiating taken-as-shared meanings with students, class discussion, small-group collaboration, and valuing meaningful activity over correct answers. This takes into account the social nature of both the local processes in collaborative learning and in the discussion of wider social collaboration in a given subject, such as science. The study employed an experimental method with pre- test – post -test design. Instructional material based on socio-constructivist based approach was prepared by investigator on the topics related to ecology from the prescribed VII class science text book. Coloured Progressive Matrics (1995) by Raven, Court and Raven was used to classify students into high, average and low Intelligent groups.  The final sample consisted of 120 VII class students, 60 of which were in treatment group and 60 were in control group. Responsible environmental behaviour test was developed by the investigator to find out the responsible behaviour of students towards environment before and after the implementation of socio-constructivist based instructional material. The data was statistically analyzed using 2x3 ANOVA and it was concluded that group taught through socio-constructivist approach develop significantly better Responsible environmental behaviour than the group taught through Traditional Teaching Approach.

key Words : Socio-constructivism, Responsible Environmental Behaviour, Intelligence. 

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Ramanpreet Kaur

ENABLING STRESS - FREE LEARNING IN SCH OOLS

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

The present paper focuses on that the threshold of stress that can be tolerated is different for different people and that stress is rooted in the way teaching and schools are organized, the author avers that stress in the schoolchildren is a universal phenomenon.

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Knowing Children Better, A Handbook for Teachers by CBSE. Annual Conference theme report of CBSE.

Sambit Panigrahi

JOSEPH CONRAD: A CRITICAL INTRODUCTION

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

Joseph Conrad has been an eminent author of the modern times and his colonial writings do present a critique of the hypocritical nature of European imperialism. Many of his works are highly impressionistic in nature because of their graphic, physical repre sentations of not only the physical landscapes of the colonized world but also the cultural ethos of the different people of those lands. But at the same time, it must not be forgotten that Conrad does probe into the inmost recesses of the characters of hi s works and make a thorough investigation into the abounding complexities of the human mind .

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Achebe, Chinua. ? An image of Africa : Racism in Conrad?s Hear of Darkness? . 08. 03. 2016. Atkinson William. ?Bound in Blackwood?s ; The imperialism of Heart of Darkness in its Immediate Context.? Twentieth Century Literature 50.3 (2004): 85 - 415. Print.

Chaman Lal Banga & Rajni

STUDY AND COMPARE THE ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS AMONG SCIENCE AND ARTS STUDENTS OF LUDHIANA DISTRICT OF PUNJAB

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

The present research statement of the problem is ? Study and Compare the Environmental Awareness among Science and Arts Students of Ludhiana District of Punjab? The following objectives were laid down for the present study:To studying the Normality of data for total Sample of Graduate College Students on the Variable ?Environment Awareness ?.Distribution of Scores for total Sample, male and female ofGraduate College Students on the Variable Environment wareness ? and to study and compare the environmental awareness among science and arts students. In view of time constraint, the present study was delimited to 200 degree college students only.There will be no significant difference in the Environmental awareness among science and arts students, hypotheses were formulated for the present study. The random sample of present study consists of 200 students of degree college students of district Ludhiana. The tool in the present study, Environmental awareness scale by Dr. Haseen Taj (1981) will be used.The mean environmental awareness score of scien ce students do not show much difference as compared to mean environmental scores of arts students. Thus, we can conclude that there is no significant difference in science and arts students on the basis of environmental awareness.

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Dhawan, S. (2005). ? Manual for Environmental awareness Test of Teachers,? National Psychology corporation, Agra.

Baviskar. M.G

BHARTATIL BALVIVAH EK PAHANI

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

 

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Avinash Parihar , Deepali Chorage , Dhanshri Bichkule & Pooja Kumbhar

CTI INTEGRATION USING SALESFORCE.COM CRM

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

Customers want to call agent for immediate help. In our project, we will show how you can add Soft Phone, called as a call - control tool, to the footer of the Sales force console so that agents can answer phone calls and update customer information in Sales force while speaking with customers. We are going to cr eate a Soft Phone with very limited capabilities. We will have created a Soft Phone that lets agents make phone numbers clickable in Sales force, and screen pop a contact record. Later, we will point you to some resources that will help build more robust c all tools. Some background on CTI: Sales force and its relative offer many options to choose from, including Open CTI, which gives you the benefits of cloud architecture and less maintenance. Sales force?s online marketplace for apps. it creates a call cen tre for your organization third - party CTI system that integrates with Sales force. Add users to the call centre so that they can do and receive calls with a Soft Phone in Sales force.

google

Storage Service ? IEEE network,vol 24,no 4, July ? August 2013,pp 56 - 62. 1] Ming Li et.al., ?Toward Privacy - Assured and Searchable Cloud Data

Simarjeet Makkar

EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND WORKI NG CONDITIONS IN THE INDIAN BANKING SECTOR: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

In the present research, the effort has been made to study the relation and impact of Working Conditions on employees? Emotional in telligence which further enhances the organizational commitment of the employees working in the banking sector in Maharashtra. For this purpose, six banks were taken - 3 public sector banks (PNB, SBI, Canara) and 3 private sector banks (Yes, ICICI, Axis) as sample covering three cities (Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur). Goleman ?s emotional intelligence framework 1995 was used for data collection from employees of above said leading banks. Different attributes of emotional intelligence were taken into consideration to analyse its relationship with working conditions. SPSS 20 was used for data analysis. The empirical analysis revealed that there is a difference of the impact of working conditions on employees? emotional intelligence in private and public sector banks. An analysis conducted derives meaningful conclusions for further more of research.

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Angus and Katona, (1953:15), ?Survey Research Method?, Media Mimansa Bockerman, P., and Ilmakunnas, P. (2006). Do Job Disamenities raise wages or ruin job dissatisfaction? International Journal of Manpower, 27(3), 290 - 302.

Ramarcha Prasad Pandey

QUALITY CONCERNS IN TEACHER EDUCATION

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

Quality in systems improvement is an unending Journey. It needs deliberate and persistent attempt is an systematic way. Quality does not comes by chance. It is a continuous process. It comes through strategies of better Human Resource Development. It comes by comparison preferably with the best. It comes when everyone works in a right way.

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Abraham,J. (2006), Quality of Teacher Education Programs: Some Suggestions , Published in Edutracts, Vol.5, Hyderabad (A.P.).

Digimani Soren

RELEVANCE OF EDUCATION AND DROPOUT AMONG TRIBAL STUDENTS IN MAYURBHANJ DISTRICT OF ODISHA

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

This article tries to highlight the dropout rate of primary education of Odisha. The main essence of the article is to explore the situation of dropout of primary education. There are several programs and policies to reduce the dropout, out of the school children and so on but still there are several issues that are left behind. Educational budget has also increased but still the economic status, family back ground, access and equity, quality degeneration, lack of school community relationship, public ? private dichotomy are some of the re asons behind dropout with different plans and policies like Right to Education (RTE), Education for All (EFA), Sarva Shishya Abhijan (SSA) OPEPA, Tribal Welfare Dept. Odisha, SCSTRTI, Odisha etc. It also include Education parameter at district level are d iscussed and analyzed to track the attention of researchers, policy makers, administrators, and educationist for achieving the target of SSA in the State as well as Mayurbhanj district. The unreached, marginalized, socially excluded groups, adequate resou rces, linguistic problem are among the dropout. So the ways out are also provided within this article which will be helpful for the education actors. The major reasons influencing school dropouts were found to be household work, lack of parental guidance in studies, socio economic condition of the family, punishment by the teachers etc are main source of dropout children primary school level.

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Joy, Jobin and Srihari, M (2014). A case study on the school dropout scheduled tribal students of Wayanad District: Kerala

Puspa hembram

A STUDY ON THE INFLUENCE OF CHILD REARING STYLES ON JUVENILE IN CONFLICT WITH LAW

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

Adolescence is an important stage in life span, in this stage children goes through lot of Physical changes and psychological change occurs. so the Parents' child rearing style plays a significant role in shaping the children's cognition and decision ma king , controlling aggression which prevent them from conflict and danger. This is a study about the parenting style of the juvenile in conflict with law, by taking 40 Juvenile offenders from the three government run observation homes in Odisha state. The survey is done by following the close ended questionnaire method. which can help in concluding that the authoritative parenting style is the best method to prevent the young adult from juvenile delinquency or juv enile in conflict with law.

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Lerner, R.M., & Galambos, N. L(1998). Adolescent development: Challenges and opportunities for research, programs, and polices. Annual Review of Psychology, 49,413 - 446.

Ashok H. Dhamane

DEVLOPMENT OF ECOFRIENDLY SYNTHETIC MTHOD FOR SYNTHESIS OF BIOLOGICALLY IMPORTANT IMIDAZOLE ANALOGUES

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

Ultrasound assisted ecofriendly fast , solvent free and highly efficient method for the synthesis of substituted imidazole anal ogues has been reported. The method is principal and establishes oxalic acid as a catalyst, giving excellent yields in shooter reaction times these newly synthesized compounds were characterized using spectral techniques like IR and 1 H NMR. All the synthe sized compounds, imidazole, antimicrobial activity, oxalic acid.

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Lednicher , D . Dru gs Based On Five - Membered Heterocycles . In Strategies For Organic Drug Synthesis And Design ; Wily : New York , NY , 1998; Chapter 8, Pp 185 - 241.

Amninder Kaur

ATTITUDE OF STUDENTS TOWARDS RESEARCH

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

The present research aims to study the student?s attitude towards research methods and ac ademic achievement. This study was designed to acquire the knowledge of student?s attitude and practice towards research activities during academic year . The majority of students had no positive attitude towards research activities. This study showed tha t the majority of student?s capabilities and insight to the research activities are not up to the mark . It is recommended to improve student ?s knowledge and activity towards research . Students showed favorable knowledge of research, but their attitude to t he field was inadequate. More attention must be placed on these parameters in the curriculum to improve student interest in research. The impact of barrier factors on research demonstrates that there is a need for greater availability of information in ord er to solve the problems and change strategies for research. It can be concluded that almost all the graduating students had negative attitude towards research work which is not a welcomed development if a nation is to have a breakthrough in technology and research. The study recommends that the instructional process should be managed in appropriate ways so as to create positive attitudes towards the research methods.

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Lev EL, Kolassa J, Bakken LL. Faculty mentors? and students? perceptions of students? research self efficacy. Nurse Educ Today. 2010;30(2):169 ? 74.

Prof. Kumar B. Pawar & Bipin R. Bankar,

AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF INTERNET SEARCH ENGINE AWARENESS, PREFERENCES AND SATISFACTION FOR INFORMATION RETRIEVAL: EVIDENCE FROM PUNE REGION.

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

The present study is aimed at analyzing the awareness and preferences of internet search engine for information retrieval. The present st udy was carried out in Pune region with a sample size of 681 respondents from different parts of Pune region. The Respondents were selected as Research scholar, Academician and Students. A structure d questionnaire was prepared to know the awareness , prefer ences and satisfaction of internet search engine. To satisfy the objectives of the study hypothesis were framed and tested with the help of Chai square test and one way Anova test. From the present study, it was concluded that the sample respondents select ed for the study are aware of Internet and in particular I nternet search engine irrespective of their gender and age. The result of this paper indicates that there is significant difference in the satisfaction among users with the preferred search engine a nd information. Further it also reveals that the rating pattern of different search engine is not similar among different users of the search engine selected for the study. The result s obtained from different search engine are not same. Almost all the resp ondents were significantly used Google search engine for information retrieval purpose.

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Jennifer Grap pone & Gradiva Couzin ( Jan 2011) , Searc h Engine Optimization (SEP) : An hour a day, Publisher Sybex , 3 rd edition

Sailendra Bhuyan

PRESENT STATUS OF CONTINUOUS AND COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION IN THE PRIVATE ENGLISH MEDIUM SCHOOLS UNDER BOARD OF SECONDARY EDUCATION , ASSAM (SEBA)

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

Focusing on the excellence in academics alone undoubtedly result in lopsided development of personality. In order to bring about the improvement in the quality of education and the wholesome development of the child, evaluation process should pay adequate importance on both scholastic and non - scholastic areas of development. Contin uous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) refers to a school based system of assessment that covers all aspects of students? development. It helps in improving student performance by identifying his/her learning difficulties at regular intervals right from b eginning of the academic session and employing suitable remedial measures for enhancing their learning performance. By facilitating all round development of students, providing all the students the same opportunity to display their individual potential, he lping the teachers to realize the effectiveness of teaching learning process, continuous and comprehensive evaluation technique proves to be boost to the students. At the same time it also shows the shortcomings of the teachers. In this study an effort has been to analyse the present position CCE in the secondary level in some selected English Schools.

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Jadal, M.M (2011) , ?Effect of Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation on students? attainments at the primary level? , International Referred Journal Vol. III, Issue 3 2

A.H. Dhamane

SYNTHESIS AND SPECTRAL ANALYSIS OF SOME PYRAZOLE DERIVATIVES

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

Synthetic pyrazole derivatives (5a - f) have been synthesized using conventional method producing good yield in ethanol with hydrazine in presence of acid. The oxidative cyclization reaction of chalcones (3a - f), with iodine crystals in presence of DMSO gives good yield of chromone (4a - f) derivatives these synthesized compounds were confirmed by IR, 1 H NMR and mass spectral data.

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Cottet f, marrul M, Lefebvre O and schlosser M, Eur J Org chem., 2003, 1559.

Seema Dhawan

TEACHERS? LIFESTYLE FOR PROMOTION OF HEALTH IN SCHOOLS

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

There is a close relationship between education and health. Good health supports successful learning. Significant investment s in education yield the greatest benefits in achieving healthy individuals and society. School life should promote health and wellbeing of students, for which a whole school approach should be applied. A whole school approa ch engages students, teachers, parents, school administrators and other partners in a cooperative way to encourage healthy lifestyle habits among the school community. Lifestyle directly influences the well being of individuals. Teachers are the key agent in empower ing students with skills for wellbeing and healthy living. The school environment and lifestyle of teachers influence the knowledge and skills for promotion of health among the students. Therefore, a whole school approach to a healthy lifestyle n eeds to be developed, followed and maintained. In the present study, teachers? behaviour is studied for their h ealth promoting lifestyle . They are also assessed for their lifestyle in areas of spiritual g rowth , health responsibility, physical activity, nut rition, i nterpersonal relation and stress m anagement .

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Hudkins, E . J . S . (2011). Health Promoting Behavior and Subjective Well Being among Early Adolescents. A Dissertation Submitted In Partial Fulfilment of The Requirements For The Do ctor of Philosophy, Department o f Psychological A nd Social Foundations, College o f Education , University o f South Florida.

Reva Mishra & Mr .Samrat Datta

ROLE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF DIGITAL INDIA AND SMART CITY

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

After economic remake India as a result of growing - up of the economy with a view to incorporate itself with the worldwide economy, the need to facilitate international interchange through strategy and process remakes the base stone of India?s interchange and fiscal policies. E - commerce as part of the IT revolution became widely used in the world interchang e in Indian economy. With change in technology, there have been changes in the attitude for business transactions. India, being a rapid adaptor of technology is swiftly with the current situation of electronic data exchanges and has taken to electronic com merce. Category of e - commerce is B2B, B2C, B2G etc. There are many of barriers, issues and constraints involved in affluent electronic commerce businesses in India and finally to develop a frame for effective distribution of electronic commerce in India. The role of government is to provide a legal structure for electronic commerce so that while domestic and international business are allowed to increase their horizons, basic rights such as privacy, intellectual property

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Mishra, A.K. (2002), ?International Banking in India - Part - I?, http:// www.iima.faculty.mishraak.paper.htm Saurinen,J. (1998), ?International Technology and Development in Banking Sector?, Pradeep Kashyap and Siddharth Raut:the rural marketing ,Biztantra innovation in Management, dreamtech Press. New Delhi, 2008.

Kanchan R. Shinde, Ashwini R. Deshmane, Sonali V. More & Indranil T. Mukherjee

BUS MONTIORING AND CONTROLLING SYSTEM USING GSM MODULE

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

The security in traveling is primary concern for everyone. In this project we have to discuss about the Bus Monitoring and Controlling System using GSM module. The road accident will be increased due to the bad construction of road and the careless driving. Why these problems are occurred? Because sometimes drivers are not used seat belt, driver removes his hand from the staring during driving, not maintain safe distance from the other vehicle. To remove such problems we have used number of sensors. Seat belt sensor and Touch sensor are fitted with the staring. And Sharp IR sensor is used to maintain the safe distance between two vehicles. Another problem are also occurred during the travelling. The temperature of bus engine will be increased in great extent and driver could not worry about the fuel level. To overcome this problems we can used sensors like temperature sensor and fuel level detector. What is the need of these sensors in today?s vehicle? Without this sensor vehicles are able to run from one place to other. Then why the need of use of sensors arises? The answer is to reduce the number of accidents that happen due to human error or technical error in the vehicle. The threshold of all sensors is set to their respective range. If it gets cross the set range then buzzer will be activated and the message is displayed on the LCD screen in the bus. And message will send to the number which is saved in the GSM module.

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Mrs.Swati Chandurkar, Sneha Mugade, Sanjana Sinha, Megharani Misal, Pooja Borekar(Computer Department, MAEER?S MIT AOE, Alandi(D) University of Pune 411015, Maharashtra, India.) ?Implementation of Real Time Bus Monitoring and Passenger Information System?.

Gaurav Katte, Mayur Kudale, Priyanka Gire& Shantam Padyachi

INTRUSION DETECTION SYSTEM ON MULTI-CLOUD COMPUTING

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

Remote data checking is of crucial importance in Multicloud storage. It enables the users to their required data without downloading the whole data. The existing remote data possession integrity checking (ID-DPDP) protocols have been designed in the PKI (public key infrastructure) model. The multi-cloud server has to validate the users? certificates before save the data uploaded by the clients in order to prevent attack. Distributed Denial of Service (DDOS) RTOL and normal attack are the major security issue that poses a great threat to the availability of the multi cloud services. We propose an intrusion detection system with ID-DPDP strategy that help identify the data leakage or attacks .Data Leakage is main problem in our Multicloud server, we can apply data leakage algorithm for data leakage detection and prevention from the intruder ,RSA algorithm for cryptography and Hashing index.

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Anilkumar.V.BrahmaneAmrutaAmune ,An Efficient Approach for Dynamic Distributed Network Intrusion Detection using Online Adaboost-Based Parameterized MethodsInternational Journal of Computer Applications (0975 ? 8887)Volume 117 ? No. 18, May 2015

Swati Choudhary

A STUDY OF SELF CONCEPT AND EMPOWERMENT OF ADOLESCENT GIRLS

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

The present study was undertaken with a view to find out the relationship between Self Concept and Empowerment adolescent girls of government and private schools of Bhopal. The study adopted a Children Self Concept Scale in Hindi by Dr. S.P. Ahluwalia. This scale assesses the varied dimensions of self concept such as student?s behaviour, intellectual and school status, physical appearance and attributes, anxiety, popularity, happiness and satisfaction. Empowerment of Adolescent girls was measured by Empowerment scale by Dr. Devendra Singh Sisodia and Dr. Alpana Singh. A sample of 100 adolescent girls was taken from government and private senior secondary schools of Bhopal. Data collected was analyzed statistically using the t-test and coefficient of correlation techniques. Results revealed that the Self- Concept and Empowerment level of adolescent girls of private school was higher than the adolescent girls studying in government schools. It was also found that the relationship between Self-Concept and Empowerment of adolescent girls was significant.

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Nagar, Sharma and Chopra, (2003), Self- esteem among Rural Adolescent Girls in Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh.

Khan. S.

INNOVATIVE PRACTICE IN LEARNING MARKETING MANAGEMENTAND ENTRPRENEURIAL SKILL BY THIRD YEAR COMMUNITY RESOURCE MANAGEMENT STUDENTS

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

Market refers to a particular place used for the conduct of trade transactions. Marketing refers to the mechanism due to which the ownership of goods is transferred from the seller to buyers. Marketing Management takes place when at least one party to a potential exchange thinks about the means of achieving desired response from other parties. Entrepreneurship can be defined as a process of action an entrepreneur undertakes to establish his enterprise. An entrepreneur is a person who organizes and manages a business undertaking and assumes risks for the sake of profit. Objectives of the study: 1. to give the students an opportunity to practically understand the concepts of marketing management. 2. to create a platform to the students to realize their entrepreneurial skills. The sample consisted of 35 students from the Department of Community Resource Management from the College of Home Science, Nirmala Niketan. These students planned, organized and executed a sales and marketing activity for three days within the college under the guidance of one staff. The Research Design used for the study was ?Exploratory? and Purposive sampling was used. As the students were given a platform to experience sales and marketing, the students gained an understanding of the concepts of Marketing like cost-consciousness, Market Research, Target Group, demand forecasting, Marketing Strategies, Pricing and Risk taking through the practical exposure of the real market and its situation. They learned to interact with suppliers and consumer. The students got an opportunity to identify entrepreneurial skills like Marketing, Financial and leadership. They also learned that hard work and team work can lead to the success of an enterprise. It was concluded that the students should be given training for developing entrepreneurial skills and an opportunity to experience a start-up and realize their potential for starting an enterprise.

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Greene L. C. (2000), South- Western Entrepreneurship Ideas in Action. South-western Educational Publishers, Ohio http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2016-01-06/news/69564277_1_startups-india-new-business-models http://blog.ipleaders.in/need-women-entrepreneurs-india/

Manpreet Kaur Rajpal

GENESIS OF THE LATEST ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGY: RENTED WOMB

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

The overwhelming desire to have a Child is the product of a deep-seated, instinctive and evolutionary urge to perpetuate the species and pass on the genetic material to another. It is this archetypal desire, embedded in our collective unconscious, which often spurs Human Beings to have children at any cost, come what may. ?It is this irrepressible drive that propels man to go to any extent to propagate his genes,? says Nirja Chawla, a Gynecologist, adding, ?Motherhood is important for completion of self.?1 To this biological drive add the socially conditioned expectations of the role and function of a woman and you know this is the reason why so many people flock to fertility clinics in the region. And it is a blatant exploitation of this desire to have Children that makes millionaires out of Gynecologists in the business who laughs all the way to the bank. Medicine has made some remarkable advances in the field of Reproductive Technology. The term Reproductive Technology refers to various medical procedures that are designed to alleviate infertility, or the inability of a couple to produce a child of their own. These include Artificial insemination, In-Vitro Fertilization or ?Test-tube? Babies, and Surrogate Motherhood. When successful, these technologies are the miracle of life for couples who have often spent years trying to have a child, and who have exhausted all other avenues for conceiving a child of their own. My research Paper throws light on the Genesis of this neo reproductive technology known as Rented womb or Surrogacy. KeyWords : Rented Womb, Surrogacy, Assisted Reproductive Technology, Artificial Insemination, In-Vitro Fertilization

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1 Surrogacy from a feminist perspective? by Malini Karkal, published in Indian Journal of Medical Science (IJME), Oct.- Dec. 1997? 5(4), link; http//www. Issuesinmedicalethics.org/054mi15.html. Also in Nelson Hilde Lindemann, Nelson James Lindemann: Cutting motherhood in two : some suspicions concerning surrogacy. In: Holmes Helen Bequaert, Purdy Laura (Eds.): Feminist perspectives in medical ethics. New York: Hypatia Inc., 1992.

Mangal Singh

DEGREE OF SOCIAL COMPETENCE AMONG THE SCHOOL STUDENTS

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

The present study is designed to explore the difference of degree of social competence among the school students of bathinda city. It is a comparative study between hosteler and day scholars. The sample is consisting of 200 school students ( 100 male students and 100 female students, further 100 students hostelers and 100 day-scholars ). The subjects were selected through simple random sampling technique. ?Social Competence Scale ? by V.P. Sharma, Prabha Shukla and Kiran Shukla was used for assessing social competence of subjects under investigation.

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Garrett, H.E; (1973) Statistics in Psychology and Education 7th Ed.., Vakils, Effer and Simons Pvt. Ltd., Bombay.

Nandita Roy

PEACE FOR ALL MANKIND THROUGH SCIENCE FICTION GENRE

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

Since time immemorial, most cultures have hypothesized in the possibility of extra-terrestrial life. The fact that the supernatural or intelligent life has existed in the cosmos has reignited a fresh debate, which attracts serious discussion by professional scientists and scholars. Even the authors and film producers today are increasingly counting on the theme of fascinating encounters with aliens in their creatively imaginative ventures. In many popular depictions, during apocalypse, there is a common belief that aliens have flown down to earth as peace messiahs to prevent extermination of living species. Humanitarians as well as film makers on science fiction too have reaffirmed the notion that while humans have aggressively destroyed civilizations, the peace-loving extra-terrestrials have been depicted in various genres as attempting to come to our rescue. This paper highlights two themes underlying the significance of science fiction in promoting peace for mankind: (1) to explore whether science fiction cinema/genre can be effective in propagating conflict resolution, peace and progress on a universal level and (2) to assess the crucial role of contemporary authors and movie-makers who experiment with the genre of Ufology with the hope of bringing about a new peace- policy on planet earth.

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The Alien (film) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.(n.d.). Retrieved October 22, 2015, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Alien_(film) Allen, D. (1971). Science fiction: the future. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

Mukesh Kumar Chandrakar

AN ANALYTICAL STUDY OF ADVERTISEMENT AND VALUE EDUCATION

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

In the 21st century mass media plays a crucial role in the life of adult and young. The school going children are not untouched. It shapes the attitudes, values and behaviours of school going children to a great extent. The school going children are exposed to too many forms of mass media like television, videogames, internet, radio, newspapers etc. At the home they are exposed to television for watching various kinds of programmes like cartoon, serials, news, movies etc. While watching various programmes, they are unwillingly exposed to various kinds of product based advertisement related to young and adults. These product based advertisement directly or indirectly provides lots of knowledge, information, values etc,. In this study an attempt has been made to study various product based advertisement and the values it may inculcate in the minds of school going children. Key Words: Advertisement, Value Education and Mass Media

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Baher, T. (2012). Indoctrination: The role of mass media in the education of children. Retrieved from https://www.family.org.au/115-publications/afa-journal/afa-journal-vol-33-no-2-2012.

Kumud Gaur , Shashi Malik & Indrani Verma

TEACHERS' CONCERNS ABOUT INCLUSIVE EDUCATION

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

This paper is an attempt to find the difference between the concerns of Govt. aided and Self financed college teachers toward the inclusion of students with disabilities into general education classrooms. Participants included 80 college teachers. The CIES, Concerns about Inclusive Education Scale (Sharma & Desai, 2002), were utilized to determine participants? level of concern about the inclusion of students with disabilities into mainstream settings.

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Integration is not Inclusion (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.allfie.org.uk/pages/useful%20info/integration.html Making Schools Inclusive (2008). Retrieved from http://www.eenet.org.uk/resources/docs/Making%20schools%20inclusive%20SCUK.pdf

Kumud Gaur

THE RELATION BETWEEN SENSE OF HUMOR AND SOCIAL COMPETENCE

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

The Multidimensional Sense of Humor Scale and Social Competence Scale were given to 1481 higher secondary students of Varanasi city to find out the relationship between their sense of humor and social competence. Significant positive correlation was found between sense of humor and social competence (r = .43, p < .05). Key Words: Sense of Humor, Social Competence, Higher Secondary Students, Multidimensional Sense of Humor Scale, Social Competence Scale.

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Bryan, T. (1997). Assessing the personal and social status of students with learning disabilities. Learning Disabilities Research and Practice, 12, 63-76. Craik, K. H., & Ware, A. P. (1998). Humor and personality in everyday life. In W. Ruch (Ed.), The sense of humor: Explorations of a personality characteristic (pp. 63-94). New York: Mouton de Gruyter.

Preeti Kaushal

RURAL MARKETING IN INDIA: IT?S POTENTIAL AND CHALLENGES

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

Rural India is becoming one of the attractive markets for the corporates in the recent times. Urban markets are flooded withmany different consumer products, thus Marketers now find it difficult to generate heavy income flows from these markets. On the other hand rural income graph is on a rise, which has given huge scope to the corporates to tap this market where 70% of India resides. The study aims to provide information on how the corporates carry out the marketing process and the reasons for the paradigm shift from Urban to Rural markets. The study also reveals the challenges faced by the corporates while marketing their products in Rural areas. Keywords: Rural Markets, Consumer products, Potential

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Kumar A., Hagagi, S. (2011). Rural market in India: some opportunities and challenges. International Journal of Exclusive Management Research, 1(1), 1-15.

Preeti Kaushal

MASS CUSTOMIZATION: ASIAN PAINT?S STEP TO SUCCESS

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

While criticizing traditional marketing, because of its preoccupation with mass marketing, where customers are aggregated into large homogenous groups, targeted with same products and services through the same message. The critics argue that this is a supply centric approach and individual customer needs are being ignored. Today‟s customers are seeking product offerings that match their individual requirements. They want to look and feel different from other customers, want to design their own dreams. This especially is true when people want to design their homes. They just want to put their dreams and aspirations in designing their homes.

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www.cyberoam.com www.asianpaints.com www.sap.com www.economictimes.com www.businessworld.com

Hema

EFFECT OF SKILL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME ON TEACHING COMPETENCE OF PRE-SERVICE SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

The purpose of the present investigation was to study the effect of skill development programme on the teaching competence of pre-service secondary school teachers. The study was experimental in nature with a pre-test post-test control group design. The sample comprised 200 pre-service secondary school teachers belonging to government and self-financed colleges of education of Jalandhar district. The colleges were randomly assigned to the treatment. General Teaching Competency Scale by B.K. Passi and M. S. Lalitha was used as a measure of teaching competence. Data were analysed with the help of One Way Analysis of Covariance. Skill Development Programme based upon Microteaching was found to be superior to Traditional Method in fostering Teaching Competence when Pre-Teaching Competence was taken as a covariate Keywords: Skill Development Programme ? Micro-Teaching ? Teaching Competence ? Analysis of Covariance

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Maheshwari, A.N. (n.d.). Assessment and Accreditation in Determination and Maintenance of Norms and Standards for Teacher Education. NAAC: Quality Enhancement in Teacher Education.. Retrieved from http://naac.gov.in/docs/Quality%20Enhancement%20in%20Teacher%20Education.pdf

Girija N Srinivasalu

USING CARTOONS AS EFFECTIVE TOOLS IN TEACHING LEARNING PROCESS OF SOCIAL SCIENCE

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

Present Education system demands new techniques in teaching and learning process. Today students expect joyful environment in the classroom for learning with interest and attention. There are teachers who use artistic material in teaching learning process to attract the students towards experiential learning. A cartoon is one such material with which a teacher can provide joyful environment and also can make her/his students to think differently and encourage them to create something on their own. It is a visual media with lot of humour which can be either in the form of single picture or series of pictures, captioned or non-captioned. This approach helps the teachers to develop imaginative power amongst students by building proper knowledge.Cartoon learning can be helpful for initiating debate and focused group discussions in a classroom among learners as it stimulates them to engage in critical thinking in order to assess and formulate their views and opinions. Among many subject of secondary school curriculum, Social science is subject full of controversial issues provokes teachers to think differently to make it free from misconceptions. Imaginary visuals created by the teacher in the form of cartoons for a controversial issue in History would give clear picture of concepts. Weaving concepts with cartoons is a challenge to the social science teacher. Here social science teacher as a Researcher thought of an experimental study to verify about her assumptions in social science teaching and learning process. Key words: cartoons, learning, social science

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Lochrie k 1992. Using cartoons as an effective learning and teaching strategy. Scre newsletter. 51 autumn. Pp.8-9 Mollica a 1976. Cartoons in the language classroom. Canadian modern language review, 32(4): 424- 444. Parrott t 1994. Humour as a teaching strategy. Nurse educator, 19(3): 36-38.

Madhuri Hooda and Meghna Sharma

THE EFFECT OF TEAM TEACHING ON ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF 9TH GRADERS IN SCIENCE

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

This study was carried out to find the effectiveness of Team-teaching on academic achievement of 9th graders in Science. The data was collected from students of class IX in Rewari District of Haryana. Out of 50 students, 12 were selected in purposive manner in the experimental group and 12 were in the control group. These groups were classified on the basis of intelligence and socio-economic status. The research method used to conduct the study was pre-test post-test Quasi experimental design in which two groups were selected as experimental and control group. In the beginning both groups were administrated the pre-test by self-constructed achievement test in Science. The experimental group was taught by a team of two Science teachers and control group by traditional method. The same post-test was administrated on both the groups and t-value was equated. Results of the study revealed that there was a significant positive effect of team-teaching on academic achievement of students in Science. Keywords: Team-teaching, Achievement, 9th grade.

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Boudah and Deshler (1997) Collaborative instructions: Is it an Effective option for inclusion in secondary classroom? Learning Disability Quarterly Vol.20 No. 4, 293-316.

Vinita Bharat Manek

MUTUAL FUND PERFORMANCE: A STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF PORTFOLIO TURNOVER ON MUTUAL FUND PERFORMANCE IN THE INDIAN FINANCIAL MARKET

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

Background:In India, mutual funds are gaining popularity however they account for less than 5% of the GDP in India. Mutual fund companies are trying to penetrate the market further with constant restructuring of models in an attempt to increase efficiency and investor satisfaction. It is, thus, important to study the effect of management style on the fund performance. It would be useful for fund investors to evaluate managers based on a known characteristic that would affect the fund return. Purpose:The aim of this research paper is to investigate the significance of portfolio turnover on mutual fund return which would provide an indication to investors on how to invest in funds based on management style. Data:In this research paper, only open ended diversified growth oriented equity funds are taken into consideration. Accordingly, dividend paying equity schemes are not considered. Result: Portfolio turnover has a statistically significant effect on scheme returns. It is weakly but positively correlated. That is, with higher portfolio turnover, there is a possibility that manager will be able to outperform the index.

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Carhart, M.M, 1997, on persistence in Mutual Fund Performance. The Journal of Finance, Volume 52, Issue 1 ( Mar.,1997),57-82. Thomas Karlsson and Marina Persson, Mutual Fund Performance, Explaining the performance of Swedish domestic equity mutual funds by using different fund characteristics, School ofEconomics and Commercial Law, Goteborg University.

Fredrick Mukoma Kalui and Kellen Nyaguthii Kamwaro

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SELECTED CORPORATE GOVERNANCE PRINCIPLES AND FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE OF INVESTMENT BANKS IN THE NAIROBI SECURITIES EXCHANGE

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

Corporate governance is an area that has grown rapidly in the recent years as an emerging issue due to the global corporate scandals and collapse of big companies. The corporate governance principles hence adopted by any corporate entity affects the firm?s ability to respond to the content and context in which it operates and its overall performance. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between selected corporate governance principles on financial performance of investment banks in the Nairobi Securities Exchange Kenya. The objective of the study was to investigate the relationship between corporate governance principle aspects (board composition, CEO duality and board size principles) and financial performance of investment banks in the Nairobi Securities Exchange. The study used a descriptive research design where primary data was collected from the seven investment banks in the Nairobi Securities Exchange in Nairobi County using a questionnaire issued to the managers while secondary data was extracted from published financial statements. Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS) was used by the researcher to facilitate the analysis and interpretation of data and the results obtained were presented using tables, frequencies, graphs and charts for easy interpretation. The results indicated that the corporate governance principles (CEO duality and Board composition) had a strong negative correlation on financial performance in investment banks while board size had a weak negative correlation on financial performance in investment banks. The regression analysis showed that CEO duality, board composition and board size had a significant effect on the financial performance in investment banks. The study recommends that investment banks operations to be governed through a clear management structure that enhances security of shareholder wealth and sustainability of the organisation. This is to be achieved by continually reviewing regulations regarding management governance structures so as to assure transparency in limiting CEO duality thus assuring legitimacy in the firm performance.

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Ada, B. (2013). The relationship between corporate governance practices and dividend pay-out of commercial banks in Kenya. Unpublished MBA Project.University of Nairobi. Amba, S. (2013).Corporate governance and firm?s performance.Journal of Academic and Business Ethics3, 6-8.

Surinder Kumar Sharma and Reeta Devi

A COMPARISON OF VO2 MAX, PEAK INSPIRATORY FLOW RATE AND MAXIMUM TIDAL VOLUME OF FOOTBALL AND HOCKEY PLAYERS OF HIMACHAL PRADESH UNIVERSITY

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

In this study the researcher attempt to investigate the comparison VO2 Max, Peak Inspiratory Flow Rate and Maximum Tidal Volume of Football and Hockey players of Himachal Pradesh University. To solve the purpose of the study 128 football players and 128 hockey players of Himachal Pradesh University were taken as the sample. The vo2 max calculate by the formulae which is taken from the book ?Physiological Assessment of Human Fitness? 2nd Edition from page no.25. The editors of this book are Peter J. Maud and Carl Foster. This formula is also used by Jackson ET. al (1990) and Mathews, Hell, Freedson and Pastides (1999) to assess Physical Activity Status (PAS) to estimate and for Peak Inspiratory Flow Rate and Maximum Tidal Volume a Spirometer Model-Helios 401 (company-Recorders & Medicare Systems Pvt Ltd) is used. There will be no significant difference in the variables VO2 Max, Peak Inspiratory Flow rate and Maximum Tidal Volume among football and Hockey Players of Himachal Pradesh University, hypotheses was formulated for the present study

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Andrew G.M, Becklake M.R, Guleria J.S & Bates D.V, (1972): Heart and lung functions in swimmers and non athletes during growth. Journal of Applied Psychology. 32:245-251 Cordain L, Glisan M.S, Latin, R.W, Tucker A & Stager J.M. (1987): Maximal respiratory pressures and pulmonary function in male runners. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 21:18-22.

Madhuri Hooda & Ankur Tyagi

A STUDY OF GENERAL WELL BEING OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN CONTEXT OF THEIR GENDER AND RESIDENTIAL BACKGROUND

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

This paper intends to present a general survey of General Wellbeing of Senior Secondary School Students of Haryana State. For the purpose, data of 400 school students, studying in the Senior Secondary Schools of Haryana State, was collected and analysed by using mean, standard deviation and ?t? test. Findings of the study are ? (a) Urban male and urban female have approximately equal GWB score. (b) Rural female senior secondary school students have better GWB score than rural male subjects. (c) Rural male senior secondary school students obtained lowest GWB score among all the subjects.

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General Wellbeing Scale developed by Kalia and Anita (2007). Garett, henry E. (1973). Statistics in Psychology and Education. Allied Pacific Pvt. Ltd. Bombay Ahuja, M. and Goyal, S., 2006, Subject wise achievement of adolescents in relation to parental involvement and parental aspirations. Indian J. Commu. Guid. Res., 23 (1): 30-57.

Maninder Kaur

CONSTRUCTION AND STANDARDISATION OF MENTAL HEALTH SCALE (MHS)

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

The paper deals with the development and standardization of Mental Health Scale for undergraduate students. At the initial stage, the scale consisted of 140 items. Then the number of items was reduced to 85 after extensive scrutiny by the subject experts. Subsequently item analysis was carried out. Finally, a set of 60 items was retained for the final scale. The final version of the Mental Health Scale consists of positive and negative items. The test-retest reliability was found to be 0.74. The concurrent validity of the scale was assured by evaluation from subject experts.

google

Cronbach, L.J. (1960). Essentials of psychological testing. New York: Harper and Brothers. Ebel, R.L. (1979). Essentials of educational measurement (3rd Ed). New Delhi : Prentice Hall of India.

V. S. Kannan Kamalanathan

PUBLIC DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM AND CASH TRANSFER

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

The Government of India has announced that subsidies on food grains, fertilizers, kerosene and liquefied petroleum gas will be replaced by cash transfers to end users. A close examination of the objectives of the subsidies in food grains, fertilizer and kerosene and the implications of the shift raise some challenging questions. According to a recent report in the business magazine Business India, ?A confidential study conducted by the Prime Minister‟s Office (PMO) in consultation with various ministries has revealed that, based on the actual money spent by the central government during 2010-2011 under various subsidies totaling Rs. 211,474 crore (approximately $38 billion), the scheme can result in a net saving of Rs. 33,000 crore ($6 billion) by way of plugging leakages.? The replacement of price subsidies by cash payments is a longstanding demand of the World Bank and other representatives of international big business. So the government of India is approaching this issue of subsidies from economic perspective not from the social perspective. By doing so the original purpose of giving subsidies is defeated.

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Devesh Kapur ?The Shift to Cash Transfers: Running Better But on the Wrong Road?? May 21, 2011 www.epw.in/? Dr Ruth Kattumur, ?Food Security and the Targeted Public Distribution System in India? www.lse.ac.uk/collections/AsiaResearchCentre Shubhashis Gangopadhyay, Robert Lensink and Bhupesh Yadav?Cash or Food Security Through the Public Distribution System? Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in Delhi, India? 2013 Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc.

Bhopinder Singh

A COMPARISON OF BANNED SUBSTANCES AND METHODS USED BY MALE AND FEMALE ATHLETICS IN ATHLETICS AT OLYMPIC GAMES FROM 1976 TO 2012

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

 

google

1.http://www.olympic.org/content/olympic-games/ancient-olympic-games/history/ 2.http://www.olympic.org/content/olympic-games/ancient-olympic-games/the-athlete 3.http://www.olympic.org/Documents/Reports/EN/en_report_668.pdf 4.http://www.olympic.org/Documents/Reference_documents_Factsheets/Women_in_Olympic_Movement.pdf

Anoop kumar Sinh & Vivek Vishvakarma

ROJGAR SANVRUDHI KI SAMASYA KE SANDARBH ME GANDHIJI KE ARTHIK VICHARO KI PRASANGIKTA

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 0/0

 

Sambit Panigrahi

DE-SPIRITED NATURE AND THE ENLIGHTENED MAN: AN ECOLOGICAL CRITIQUE OF JOSEPH CONRAD’S HEART OF DARKNESS

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 2010/2021

Joseph Conrad, one of the most celebrated writers of modernity, is known for his impressionistic depictions of the encounter between man and Nature in different exotic settings of the globe during the colonial project carried out by the European colonizers. It is interesting to note however that Conrad’s writing anachronistically fits into the basic theoretical premises proposed by the recently evolved critical paradigm of ecocriticism. Ecocriticism, as we all know, questions the thoroughgoing anthropocentric worldview introduced to the world by the Enlightenment—a worldview in which man posits himself as the centre of the universe while considering Nature as a life-less, spirit-less, peripheral object. In the light of the above theoretical inputs, this article intends to analyze Joseph Conrad’s magnum opus Heart of Darkness in the light of ecocriticism’s critique of a human-centered worldview.  

 

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Abram, David. The Spell of the Sensuous. New York: Vintage, 1996. Baudrillard, Jean. The Illusion of the End. Trans. Chris Turner. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994. Bone, Drummond. “Shelley, Wordsworth, and Byron: The Detail of Nature.” Wordsworth Circle 23.1 (1992): 3-10. Conrad, Joseph. Heart of Darkness. Bombay: Orient Longman, 1992.. Delaney, David. “Making Nature/Marking Humans: Law as a Site of Cultural Production.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 91.3 (2001): 487-503. Douglas, M. Purity and Danger. London: Routledge, 1966. Evernden, Neil. The Social Creation of Nature. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992. Fresonke, Kris. “Is Nature Necessary?.” American Literary History 18.1 (2006): 129- 143. Griggs, E. L., ed. Unpublished Letters of S. T. Coleridge. London: Constable, 1932. Gruenewald, David A. “Foundations of Place: A Multidisciplinary Framework for Place- Conscious Education.” American Educational Research Journal 40.3 (Autumn 2003): 619-654. Ingold, Tim. “Culture and the Perception of the Environment.” Bush Base: Forest Farm: Culture, Environment and Development. Eds. Elisabeth Crol and David Parkin. London: Routledge, 1992. 39-56. Leach, E. R. Culture and Communication. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1976. Lefebvre, H. “Reflections on the Politics of Space.” Antipode 8.2 (1976): 30-37. Liu, Alan. Wordsworth: The Sense of History. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1989. Lukacs, George. History and Class Consciousness. Trans. Rodney Livingstone. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1968. Manes, Chistopher. “Nature and Silence.” The Ecocriticism Reader: Landmarks in Literary Ecology. Eds. Cheryll Glotfelty & Harold Fromm. London: The University of Georgia Press, 1996. 15-29.

Veena A. Prakashe & SapanaTayade

STUDY OF AVAILABILITY OF E-RESOURCES OF IIT’S, NIT’S & IIM’S LIBRARIES IN INDIA

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 1995/2000

With the rapid development of technology and emergence of Internet, electronic resources are gaining a tremendous   impetus in the IITs, NITs and IIMs libraries. Information from librarians was collected through the structured questionnaires. The main objective is to determine the availability of different types of e-resources and rate of usage of e-resources in the library by the users                                    

Keywords: Electronic Resources, Research Scholar, Indian Institute of Technology, National Institute of Technology, Indian Institute of Management. 

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Bajpai R.P., Mal B.Y. and Bajpai J. (2009). Use of e-resources through consortia: A boon to users of Indian university libraries. Available at (http://crl.du.ac.in/ica/09/papers/index_files/ical_85_83_195_2_Rv.pdf ) accessed on January12, 2016) Manhas, Rajeev, I.S. Maan and Sapna Rani (2013). Use of Electronic Information Resources in Adesh Institute of Engineering and Technology, Faridkot, Punjab, India: A Case Study. PEARL-A journal of library and information science. Page 200 to 205. Kumar Rajender (2014) Growth and management of electronic resources in engineering institution libraries in Panipat district of Haryana: A Case Study. PEARL – A Journal of library and information science. Page 37 to 42.

Nishant Gunjan & Ms. Aparna Bharti

INTEGRATING ETHICAL AND MORAL VALUES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS IN SOCIETY

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 2022/2030

 Many environmental problems that we face today are the result of our attitudes and cultural beliefs about environment and its management. Environmental degradation is considered as the result of western belief about environment according to which environment is only for human use. For most of human history, ethics has concentrated on human rights (anthropocentrism); it is only recently that ethics has formally begun to define the rights of animals, plants and other organism (biocentrism). Whatever our beliefs and attitudes may be some mismanagement is done at policy and planning levels where basic condition of equity is not considered and discrimination on racial and class basis is common. There are limits to nature’s capacity to absorb impacts. Once alteration of nature’s initial state occurs, it cannot quickly revert back to the initial state. Nature has a limited capacity to withstand rapid change.  It is clear from the study of teachings of different religions that every religion give due worth to environment. Religions teach us that we should consider ourselves as trustees, not the master of environment. As trustees or stewards of environment, we can use the resources but we should not exploit them. Thus, today, the challenge before mankind is to determine the state in which we wish to live and to continue living within the limits inherent in nature’s processes, within nature’s carrying capacity. This paper focuses on the key areas of ethical and moral dimensions towards environmental awareness. Key words- Ethical and moral dimensions of environment, Sustainable development, Environmental Awareness, Immediate Technology

 

GOOGLE SCHOLAR, RESEARCH BIBLE, MENDELY, SCRIBID, RESEARCH GATE, RESEARCH BIBLE, DRJI, OAIJ,

Botkin, D. and Keller E. (1995) Environmental Science: Earth as a Living Planet, John Wiley and Sons, Inc. Sustainable Development, Exploring the Contradictions, Methuen, London, 1987. Reid, David (1995) Sustainable Development: An Introductory Guide. EarthScan, London. Brundtland Commission Report (1987) World Commission on Environment and Development, Our Common Future, Oxford University Press, Oxford. Cunningham, W.P and Saigo, B.W (1995) Environmental Science: A Global Concern, Wm. C. Brown Communication, Inc. Miller, T.G. (1988) Living in the Environment, Wadsworth, Inc. http://plato.stanford.edu/ethics -environment/

Indira Dhull & Rajesh Bhardwaj

OCCUPATIONAL STRESS AMONG ELEMENTARY TEACHERS IN RELATION TO LOCUS OF CONTROL AND SOCIO DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 2031/2040

In the modern era, it’s teachers community who is most severely exposed to the public criticism and held responsible for not so well accomplishing the task of making  the future of Nation by their diminishing sense of sincerity, dedication and responsibility towards their job. If there is any veracity in the above public notion, something must be deplorably wrong somewhere which led to the corrosion of values and respect of teacher, which he used to command in the past. This is an established fact that teacher has a vital role in making or marring the future/career of a student. Thus he is the dominating factor in furthering the national development. Since this study is restricted to the elementary school teachers, here the participation of teachers becomes more crucial as this stage is the base of a child on which the whole load stands. You may drop the superb infrastructure minus the competent teacher, you won’t and you can’t move an inch towards education. For the competency of a teacher, it is important to provide a conducive environment where he could attain the objective of improving child’s growth, child’s behavior, child’s personality, child’s education, its type and ways in all over the world but a very negligible thought has been given on the problems and hindrances confronted by a hapless teacher in the present set up. Now it is realized that yet we have not lost the time to ponder over the issues and come out with some concrete solution by which the teachers can be dragged out of this marsh of stress and strain so that they can enjoy complete job-satisfaction and in return deliver the superb goods. This is in favour of the health of our society and qualitative and quantitative progress of our Nation. If the things are set right, in favour of elementary school teachers who are the worst sufferers, they can contribute to the nation’s progress.

Google Scholar DRJI, research bible

Anbuchelvan, C. (2012). Teachers’ occupational stress and job satisfaction. Journal of Community Guidance and Research, 29(3), 369-373. Azlihanis, H.A., Naing, L., Aziah, B., & Rusli (2009). Socio-demographic, Occupational And Psychosocial Factors Associated With Job Strain Among Secondary School Teachers In Kota Bharu, Kelantan. Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, Supplement, 13, 8-18. Badola, S. (2009). Identification of Stress among School Teachers. Indian Journal of Psychometry and Education, 40 (1&2). Borg, M.G. & Riding, R.J. (1991). Towards a model for the determinants of occupational stress among school teachers. European Journal of Psychology of Education, (4), 355-373. Borg, M.G. (1990). Occupational stress in British settings: a review. Educational Psychology, 10(2), 103-126. Clark, E.H. (1980). An analysis of occupational stress factors as perceived by public school teachers. Dissertation Abstracts International, 41 (10-A), 4224. Kyriacou, C. & Sutcliffe, J. (1978). A model of teacher stress. Educational Study, 4(1), 1-6. Malonowski, I.R. (1981). A study of the relationships among burnout (stress), personal orientation and demographic variables of teachers. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis. Bowling Green State University. Hammond, O.W. & Onikama, D.L. (1997). At risk teachers. Honolulu, HI: pacific resources for education and learning. Kyriacou, C. (1980). Coping actions and occupational stress among school teachers. Research in Education, 24, 57-61. Ramachandra Rao, S.K. (1983). The conception of stress in Indian thought: The practical involvement in Gita and Ayurveda. NIMHANS Journal, I, 123-131. Selye, H. (1936). A syndrome produced by diverse nocuous agents. Nature, 138, 32. Selye, H. (1950). Forty years of stress research: Principal remaining problems and misconceptions. CMA Journal, 115, 53–55. Travers, C. & Cooper, C.X. (1996). Teacher under pressure; Stress in the teaching profession. European Review of Applied Psychology, 46, 102-128. Singla, G. (2006). A study of the occupational stress among Employees from different careers of chandigarh, M.Ed. Dissertation, DCS, Punjab Uni. Chandigarh. Sparks, D. (1983). Practical solutions for teacher stress. Theory into Practice, 22, 33-42.

Mrs. Vishavpreet Kaur

EDUCATION: A FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT IN INDIA

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 2041/2045

 The importance of education cannot be denied in one’s life. It sustains the human values which contribute to the individual and collective well-being. It forms the basis for lifelong learning and inspires confidence to face challenges. It provides the skills to individuals to become more self- reliant and aware of right opportunities. It also enhances the ability of individuals to act more responsible and more informed citizens and have a voice in politics and society, which is essential for sustaining democracy. It is essential for eradicating poverty and it allows people to be more productive and playing greater roles in economic life and earning a better living. The education is the key which allows people to move up in the world, seek better jobs, and ultimately succeed in their lives. So education is very important, and none should be deprived of it. The importance of primary education has been neglected by India since independence knowingly or unknowingly. However, Government of India now is willing to improve primary education by bringing legislation i.e. Right to Education. The paper tries to bring out the meaning of much awaited Right to Education (RTE) 2009, act as a fundamental right.

 

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Friedrich Huebler, 13 November 2007 (12 October 2008), Creative Commons License URL: http://huebler.blogspot.com/2007/11/india-has-21-millionchildren-out-of.html http://www.archive.india.gov.in/citizen/education.php?id=38 Singh V.P. Education: Fundamental rights in India http://www.legalserviceindia.com/articles/edu_pes.htm http://www.yourarticlelibrary.com/essay/constitutional-provisions-regarding-right-to-education-in-india/24972/ http://www.yourarticlelibrary.com/constitution/12-major-constitutional-provisions-on-education-in-india/45230/ Mohini Jain V State of Karnatka' 1992) 3 SCC666. UnniKrishnan V State of A.P 1993 ) 1 SCC 645 Uma, (2013) . Right to Education (RTE) : A Critical Appraisal. IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (JHSS) 6 (4) , 55-60. World Bank (2004). Attaining the Millenium Development Goals in India: Role of Public Policy and Service Delivery: Human Development Unit, South Asia Region, June. UNESCO Global Monitoring Report 2005

Mrs. Vishavpreet Kaur

STUDY THE LEVEL OF FRUSTRATION AMONG RURAL STUDENTS IN RELATION TO OCCUPATIONAL ASPIRATIONS

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 2046/2051

The present study has been designed to investigate a study of Level of Frustration in relation to occupational Aspirations. The sample comprised of 300 students (150 boys and 150 girls) of 11th class students of rural area.Frustration test by N.S. Chauhan and G.P. Tiwari (1972)
And Occupational Aspiration scale by Dr. A.K. Srivastava (1981) were employed. The findings reported that Boys with high occupational aspiration have got high frustration than the girls with high occupational aspiration. Boys with low occupational aspiration have more frustration than the girls with low occupational aspiration and it indicates that high level occupation and low level occupation groups do not differ on the mean frustration scores. The Mean and Standard deviation Two Way Analysis of Variance is employed to analyze and interpret the data.
Keywords: Occupation, Aspiration, Frustration 

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Kalra, P (2002) Influence of Home Environment, Vocational Interest and Academic Achievement on the choice of Academic Stream. M.Ed. Diss. G.N.D.U Asr. Kaur, A (2009), Study of Frustration in adolescents in Relation to their Intelligence and Family climate. M.Ed Dissertation, Khalsa College of Edu, G.N.D.U. Asr. Srivastava, A.K. (1981). Occupational Aspiration Scale. Rojewski, J.W. (2005) Career aspiration: Constructs, meaning and application in S.D. Brown and R.W. Lent (eds.) Career Development and Counseling: Putting theory and research to work. (PP. 131-154) New York, Wiley. Webster (1981). The New International Dictionary, Benton Publishers

Mr. Gurpinder Singh

FAMILY ENVIRONMENT AS A DETERMINANT OF PERSONAITY

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 2052/2058

The present study has been designed to investigate a study of family environment as a determinant of personality. The sample comprised of 150 students (75 boys and 75 girls) of Moga District. Family environment scale (FES) by Dr. Harpreet Bhatia and Dr. N.K. Chadda (1993).Multidimensional personality inventory by Km. Manju Agarwal (2001) were employed. The findings reported that girls adolescents are better family environment than boys adolescents the urban adolescents are found to be more better family environment than rural adolescents. the rural adolescents are found to have better personality than urban adolescents. It has observed that there is positive relationship between family environment and personality of adolescents. Mean, Standard Deviation, t-ratio and coefficient of correlation were used for calculation.
Keywords: Personality, Environment, Family environment. 

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Anshu (1988)Level of aspiration achievement motivation and adjustment of adolescents: Effects of family climate. Indian education review v23 (4):Pp 97-104. Kaur, R. (2000) A study of student activism in relation to family environment. M.Ed. dissertation. Panjab University, Chandigarh McGrath, E, Zimet & Carl, N. (1977)Female and male medical students differences in specialty choice selection and personality. Journal of medical education, v52,4, Pp293-300 (EJ157211) (www.ERIC.com) Novak & Johan, A (1980) Investigation of the relationship between personality types of eighth grade science students and cognitive preference orientation. (ED 194366)(www.ERIC.com) Richards, Maryse H. (1991) Adolescents personality in girls and boys: the role of mothers and fathers. Psychology of women quarterly, v15 n1 Pp65-81. (EJ429506). (www.ERIC.com) Rajan (2003) Personality patterns of destitute and non destitute students. M.Ed. dissertation, P.U. Chandigarh.

Karuna Agrawal, Vandana Goswami & Mina Sirola

VIGAYAN SHIKSHAN MAIN IMPROVISED UPKARNO KI PRASANGIKTA

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 1817/1822

 

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Sakshi Vij

ACCOUNTING SYSTEM OF OPERATING AND NON-OPERATING INCOMES OF POWER COMPANIES: AN OVERVIEW

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 2059/2069

Accounting is often called the language of business through which the business entity communicates
with the outer world. In order to make the language of accounting to convey the same meaning to all
people as far as practicable, it is necessary that is should be based on certain uniform and
scientifically laid down standards. So the accountants from all over the world have developed certain
rules, procedures and conventions that represent a consensus of the profession of a good accounting
practices and procedures and are generally referred as „Generally Accepted Accounting Principles‟
(GAAP). In the simple words, it can be stated that generally accepted accounting principles, concepts
and conventions are the fundamental rules of Accounting which are universally used and accepted by
the accountants all over the world as general guidelines for preparing accounting statements. In other
words, the rules and conventions of accounting are commonly referred to as principles. The word
principle is here used to mean a general law or a rule adopted or professed as a guide to action; or a
settled basis of conduct or practice. These principles have developed in accordance with usage,
experience, historical precedents, and professional bodies, government regulations with the passage
of time and with changing needs of business. Under the hybrid of the accrual and cash system of
accounting, expenses are reflected in the accounts for the period in which they accrue whereas
incomes are reflected in the accounts for the period in which they are received. This system is adopted
in the institution in which the revenues are uncertain but the expenses are fixed. This system follows
the convention of conservatism and „Receipts and Expenditure Account‟ is prepared on this basis by
the institutions such as local authorities, professionals and government institutions. In this paper I
have discussed about the Accounting System of Operating and Non-Operating Incomes of Power
Companies.
Keywords: GAAP, Accounting System, Operating & Non-Operating Income, Grants-in-aid,
Exploration Costs. 

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Adesh Sharma, “Investment and Financing in Pesticides Industry in India,” Indian Journal of Finance and Research, Vol.V. No.2 July 1999, p. 67-83. Baranek William: Working Capital Management, Belmont California Workshop Publishing Company, 1998. Bari R.R. (Ed.): Selected reading in cash management, Delhi Triveni Publication, 2000. Chadda R.S.: Inventory Management in India, Mumbai Allied Publications, 2012. Dalip S. Swamy and V.G. Rao, “The Flow of Funds in Indian Manufacturing Sector,” Sankhya, Series C. Vol. 37, 1975. Ernest W. Walker, “Towards a Theory of Working Capital,” The Engineering Economist, Winter 2012 Firth Michel: Management of Working Capital, New York, The McMillan Press, 2001. Gupta L.C.: Banking and Working Capital Financial, New Delhi, McMillan, 1991. Hilton, “Inventory Investment” in Applied Macro Economics, ed. By David Hathfield, 1976. J.F. Weston and E.F. Brigham, Managerial Finance, Holt , Rinehart and Winston, 4th Editon, 1972. Kamta Prasad Singh, Anil Kumar Sinha and Subhas Chandra Singh, Management of Working Capital in India, Janaki Prakashan, New Delhi, 1986. Mason Perry : Cash Flow Analysis and Funds Settlement, New York : American Institute of Certified Public Accounts. Moses Abramovitz, Inventories and Business Cycles – With Special Reference to Manufacturers? Inventories, NBER, New York, 1950. N.K. Agarwal , Management of Working Capi tal , Sterl ing Publication Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi, 1983. P.K. Ghosh and G.S. Gupta : Fundamentals of Management Accounting National Publishing House, New Delhi. R.N. Agarwal, Analysis of Profits, Investment and Financing Behaviour of Indian Automobile Manufacturing Industry, Ph.D. Thesis, Delhi University, 2000. S. Krishnamurthy & D.U. Sastry, Inventories in Indian Manufacturing, Institute of Economic Growth Books Ltd., Mumbai, 1970; and Investment and Financing in Corporate Sector in India, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Company, New Delhi, 1975. V. Appavadhanulu, “Working Capital and Choice of Techniques,” Indian Economic Journal, July- Sept. 1971. www.google.co.in www.wikipedia.co.in www.iises.com www.timesofindia.com

Khadilkar Sujay Madhukar

MANAGEMENT DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS PROGRAM

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 2070/2085

 

Bhushan Kumar

DOUBLE ENDED QUEUEING SYSTEM WITH DISCRETE TIME

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 2086/2093

\"\"In this paper, an attempt has been made to obtain closed form transient solution for the double ended queuing system n discrete time. It is also further shown how the corresponding results in continuous time can be obtained.

Keywords: Double Ended Queuing System, Discrete Time 

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Kendall, D.G. (1951) : “Some Problems in the Theory of Queues”, J. Royal Stat. Soc., B-13, 151-173. Kijima, M. (1992) : “The Transient Solution of a Class of Markovian Queues”, Comp. and Maths. With Appl., 24, 17-24. Sharma, O.P. (1990) : “Markovian Queues”, ELLIS Horwood. Shrivastava, H.M. and Kashyap, B.R.K. (1982) : “Special Functions in Queueing Theory and Related Stochastic Processes”, John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Mahavir Singh Chhonkar

APPROACHES OF PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF TEACHERS

Mar-Apr,2016, Vol - 3/23, Page - 2094/2097

Professional development is a broad term, encompassing a range of people, interests and approaches. Those who engage in professional development share a common purpose of enhancing their ability to do their work. At the heart of professional development is the individual\'s interest in lifelong learning and increasing their own skills and knowledge. Professional development refers to skills and knowledge attained for both personal development and career advancement. Professional development encompasses all types of facilitated learning opportunities, ranging from college degrees to formal coursework, conferences and informal learning opportunities situated in practice. It has been described as intensive and collaborative, ideally incorporating an evaluative stage. There are a variety of approaches to professional development, including consultation, coaching, and communities of practice, lesson study, mentoring, reflective supervision and technical assistance. 

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Kowal, J. & Steiner, L. (September, 2007 Issue Brief) Instructional coaching. The Center for Comprehensive School Reform and Improvement. Accessed at http://www.centerforcsri.org/files/CenterIssueBriefSept07Coaching.pdf Dufour, R. (May, 2004) What is a "Professional Learning Community"? in the themed issue Schools as Learning Communities. Educational Leadership. 61, 8. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. pp. 6-11. Julie Meltzer jmeltzer@pcgus.com Contact in Polish: Ma?gorzata Marciniak mmarciniak@pcgeu.com Speck, M. & Knipe, C. (2005) Why can't we get it right? Designing high-quality professional development for standards-based schools(2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks: Corwin Press. National Professional Development Center on Inclusion. (2008). "What do we mean by professional development in the early childhood field?". Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina, FPG Child Development Institute, Author. Golding, L. & Gray, I. (2006).Continuing professional development for clinical psychologists: A practical handbook. The British Psychological Society. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. Jasper, M. (2006).Professional development, reflection, and decision-making. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.