MAY-JUNE, 2014

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12
Imapct Factor: 1.38
ISSN: 2278-8808
Date: 04-Jul-2014

An International Peer Reviewed

Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies


Jyoti Khanna

EFFECTIVE STUDY HABITS : A NEED FOR STUDENTS AT ANY LEVEL OF EDUCATION

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1347/1354

 Education is regarded as an agent of nation development so factors that promote academic performance such as effective study habits should be encouraged among students. According to him, the promotion of effective study habits among students should be of profound interest to all stakeholders in the field of education. In India ineffective study habits lead to poor career performance, inefficiency on job, lack of job satisfaction, low productivity, and gross under development and retrogression of the nation’s intellectual advancement. Good study habits make student’s days in school rich, productive and enjoyable. 
Keyword: Study Habits , effective ,education , academic performance  

Jaiswal D. P. , K. D. Ahirrao & K. B. Shejule

STUDY OF ZOOPLANKTON POPULATION IN A FRESHWATER, RANGAVALI DAM, NAVAPUR, DIST- NANDURBAR (MS) INDIA

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1355/1365

 The present study was conducted at two different stations in the Rangavali Dam, from tribal area.  Samples were collected from each station between June 2007 and May 2009 on a monthly basis. The samples were evaluated quantitatively and the species identified for collected samples. Total of 20 species of zooplankton were noticed during the study period. They were grouped in Rotifera, Copepoda, Cladocera and Ostracoda. Eight species were reported in Rotifera group. They belong to four families namely Brachionidae, Lacanidae, Euchanidae and Notomatidae. Four species were Copepods all species noticed belonged to Cyclopidae family. Six species were Cladocera. They belonged to three families. Daphnidae, Monidae and Chydoridae. Two specis of Ostracoda were reported distributed in Cyprididae and Ilyocyprida families. 
Keywords: Biodiversity of Zooplankton, Freshwater (Rangavali) Dam,   Nandurbar(MS). 
Corresponding Author: K. D. Ahirrao, Ph. D.   

Smita Patil

LEADERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT IN NAAC “A” GRADE HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTES OF MAHARASHTRA

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1366/1379

Higher education covers teaching , research and extension. Higher education is the source or feeder system in all walks of life and therefore supplies the much-needed human resources in management, planning, design, teaching and research. However  Present scenario regarding quality of  these Higher educational institutes  in our country  appears to be grim. Education system has increased fourteen –fold in terms of number of universities and thirty three fold in terms of the number of colleges, in comparison to the number at the time of Independence. Nevertheless, the fact illustrates how difficult it is for developing countries to bridge gaps and to keep pace with the developed world. The Indian higher education system is in a constant state of change and flux due to the increasing needs of expanding access to higher education, impact of technology on the delivery of education, increasing private participation and the impact of globalization. Taking cognizance of these developments and the role of higher education in society. The accreditation of HEI’s is must to maintain quality of HEI’s. NAAC has developed five core values: contributing to national development, fostering global competencies among students, inculcating a value system in students, promoting the use of technology and quest for excellence. The sixth criterion lays stress on the goverence and leadership qualities. It is very necessary to have competent leaders and managers who will direct the HEI towards the fulfilment of the NAAC criterions. so that the institute is able to maintain the standards set up by the NAAC committee to maintain quality of higher Educational Institutes. Management and leadership are concept which are very important to maintain the ‘A’ grade of any HEI. Therefore it is necessary to study good practices in leadership and management that lead to administrative and academic excellence regarding educational management and educational leadership. 
Key words : Higher Educational institutes, Management, Leadership, NAAC ‘A’ grade institutes.  

Renu Raj

WOMEN AND IDENTITY: STUDY OF VIKAS BAHL’S HINDI FILM “QUEEN”(2014)

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1366/1385

This paper deals with a feminist approach to the character Rani in the Hindi film 
“Queen” (2014) directed by Vikas Bahl. The purpose of my study is to examine how the 
female protagonist Rani, a vulnerable and shy girl, finds her voice and create an 
identity of her on. When Rani being rejected by her fiancé, draws up all courage and 
decides to go for her honeymoon to Paris all by herself. Through the journey she 
discovers the joy of „crossing the borders‟, and living on her own terms. She gains the 
spirit of independence when she is exposed to the new world. Her experiences and 
interactions with different people in Paris shape her new attitude to her life. Unlike 
other stereotype female protagonists of Hindi films, Rani makes a difference. She is 
more of an emergent woman who finds a meaning in her life and in fact becomes 
„Queen‟ of her life itself. 
Keywords: Identity, Emergent Woman, Confidence, Freedom  

Prakash B. Salavi

DR. B. R. AMBEDKAR: REALISTIC SOCIALIST

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1386/1396

We all are live with ideals instead of reality. This somewhat happen ourselves is as a habitual. We all are slavery of our different kind of ideal habits. We all are live with our ideas and ideals. Buddha found the four truth of life. Ambedkar found the reality of life. However, we all forget it all, which are as values called ethical or which is essential for life, and which is explored by Ambedkar and Buddha. These people give significance to our basic instinct and our basic physical needs. However, we ignore that; we feel the most important is ethical needs, which is come from our ideals, religion and traditions. Keywords: Social Justice, Educational Development and Economical Growth of oppressed classes   

Neeru Sharma & Chandni Rana

JOB SATISFACTION IN RELATION TO STRESS AND BIOGRAPHIC VARIABLES OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1397/1410

Job satisfaction has always been a flash point of discussion among the researchers and scholars since long. This study aimed to examine Job Satisfaction in relation to Stress and Anxiety among Secondary School Teachers using descriptive research method. The attempt was made to identify the level of job stress and job satisfaction among teachers in consideration with their gender differences along with age and experiences. Data was collected by three different tools Job Satisfaction scale by Mudgil, Perceived Stress scale (pss) by Cohen and IPAT Anxiety scale by Kapoor in January 2014 from 200 Teachers of Kapurthala district and S.B.S Nagar (Punjab). The data were analyzed using 2 × 2 Factorial Design Analysis of Variance. Job satisfaction was found to be significantly related with stress and anxiety. Further job satisfaction of government school teachers was found to be higher than private school teachers. Moreover, it was also found that interaction of stress and types of school has influence on job satisfaction of teachers. 
Keywords: Job satisfaction, Stress, Anxiety    

Ekta Bhushan Satsangi & Shivani Rawat

BODY IMAGE IN TODAY’S SCENARIO

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1411/1416

A person\\\'s body image is thought to be, in part, a product of their personal experiences, personality, and various social and cultural forces. A person\\\'s sense of their own physical appearance, usually in relation to others or in relation to some cultural "ideal," can shape their body image. A person\\\'s perception of their appearance can be different from how others actually perceive them. Advances in technology and in particular the rise of the mass media have caused normal concerns about how we look to become obsessions. These images certainly contribute to the body-hatred and to some of the resulting eating problems, which appetite. But body image can be regain and boost by some means which are mention the main body.   

R. A. Pathak

DEVELOPING TRAINING PROGRAM FOR THE B. ED STUDENTS TO TEACH THE SUBJECT SCIENCE USING MODELS OF TEACHING AND FINDING OUT ITS EFFECTIVENESS

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1417/1427

Science occupies an important place in school curriculum yet the status of science teaching has shown considerable decline in developing countries. It should be taught through scientific method. This study attempts to develop a training programme for B.Ed. students so teach the subject science using models of teaching and finding out its effectiveness. The present study included Concept Attainment Model (CAM) and Inquiry Training Model (ITM) for teaching science. For this purpose 30 science teacher educators from 15 B.Ed. colleges from three zones, thirty science method B.Ed. students (purposive sample) and classes of standard VI, VII & VIII were selected as a sample for present research. The training programme was developed after carefully examining the suggestions given by the teacher educators during survey. After attaining the taw scores and applying statistical techniques like  ‘ t’ test and  ‘ chi’ square test, it was found that the developed training programme was effective, CAM and ITM were found to have a significant increase in the achievement of students’ subject science. The handbook is useful for B.Ed. students to again theoretical and practical knowledge about models of teaching.  
Keywords: Developing, Training Program, B. Ed students, Science, Models of Teaching, effectiveness.  

K.Srikanth

ROLE OF PERFORMANCE ENHANCING DRUGS IN SPORTS

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1428/1432

Anti doping laws generally exist in order to provide a safe and fair environment for participation in sport. These laws should prevent and protect athletes from subjecting themselves to health risks through the use of unsafe, but performance-enhancing drugs. Because of difficulties in proving intent to cheat, the World Anti-Doping Agency enforces a principle of strict liability for positive test results for banned substances. An area of major controversy with respect to liability is the “sports supplement” industry, which is poorly regulated when compared with prescription drugs yet is a potential source of doping violations. Medical practitioners can be found guilty of anti-doping violations if they traffic banned drugs, prescribe these to athletes or otherwise assist athletes in taking banned substances. Medical practitioners are also now required to complete paperwork (therapeutic use exemption forms) to enable athletes to take banned substances which are required on medical grounds for specific illnesses. 
Keywords:  Anti doping, Cardiovascular diseases, infertility, Anabolic Steroids, Peak Performance, World  Anti Doping Agency, Social Drugs.   

Satvinderpal Kaur

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF VALUE DIMENSIONS OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1433/1439

Values  are  standards by which  one determines if a particular thing, object, idea, policy etc. is good or bad, desirable or undesirable, worthy or unworthy or some place in between these two extremes. Teacher is the kingpin of the society. The value, conduct and principles possess by teacher can play a very significant role in the formation of the future citizens with healthy value system. Values guide our behaviour and our behaviour reflections influence the others and the behaviour of teacher is rigorously influence the behaviour of students so it is pertinent to make focus on the value patterns of teachers. In the light of this present study has been conducted to evaluate the value patterns of teachers and to make their comparison. The findings reveal that male and female teachers differ on the basis of their value patterns. Male teachers have significantly higher score on theoretical, political and social values whereas females are betteron economic, aesthetic and religious values. Focus laid to develop healthy value system among teachers as sound values are nurtured in the healthy environment.  

Nivedita Deshmukh & Menka Mishra

A STUDY OF EDUCATIONAL THOUGHTS OF SWAMI VIVEKANANDA

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1440/1444

To make a man complete with all kinds of values including  moral and religious value by the study on educational thought of Swami Vivekanand . This study finds the way to get the innerself which resides in everything and everywhere by eliminating one’s ego to finally reach the manifestation of perfection through education. In the said research, a study of thoughts of Swami Vivekananda  was conducted. 
Keywords:-  Values, Man making, awakening, arise, awake  

Mohd Zubair Kales

OCCUPATIONAL STRESS AMONGST TEACHERS: A STUDY OF THE PROFESSIONAL COLLEGES OF EDUCATION IN JAMMU, PROVINCE OF J&K STATE

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1445/1469

Occupational stress can be inadvertently linked to success or failure at one’s job. The general impression about occupational stress is the feeling of failure due to work overload. But if this is the case and so simple a problem than merely by reducing the amount of work, occupational stress could have been done away with. However the problem is not that easy to pinpoint. It is here that a comparative investigation of the reasons of stress in different occupations becomes important. Herein lays the most crucial significance of the study. To combat a problem the awareness of the conditions, which lead to it, are very important. Stress is a part of everyone’s daily life. It means that the person cannot cope with the demands put forward by his or her work, which is opposite to their expectations of rewards and success. It affects both the person concerned and the relationships he or she forms in the society be it with family or friends. Although the importance of individual differences cannot be ignored, scientific evidence suggests that certain working conditions are stressful to most people. The excessive workload demands and conflicting expectations and puts a greater emphasis on working conditions as the key source of job stress, and for job redesign as a primary prevention strategy. In jobs where work overload is the cause of the stress, the workers find that they have to take time off to deal with the stress, only to return to work to find that the already unmanageable workload has substantially increased in their absence, thereby increasing the source of the stress and fuelling a vicious cycle which may ultimately lead to a complete breakdown in health. At times the work stress becomes so extreme that the   

Rajmaneke c

KARYASANSKRUTI VA MANAVIJEEVAN

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1470/1478

 

Jayshree Airekar

AN INNOVATIVE TREND IN RESEARCH IN EDUCATION : PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT METHOD

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1479/1484

Teacher Education Institute, we have to adopt new innovative practices, methods and approaches to train the forthcoming teachers in the age of globalization and various new challenges. Therefore, we have to develop Innovative Research approach in Teacher Education for the better Education of the trainee teacher. We can also used Product Research strategy as innovative trends in Teacher Education. The study was taken up with following objectives in mind. To study the concept & characteristics of Product. To study the nature & steps of the Product Research Method. To suggest Research made Product. Qualitative analysis method was used for the present study. The data collection through the secondary sources like Books, Magazines, Journals and Websites was then subjected to qualitative analysis. Characteristics of the Product is Product has the similar meaning as tools/instruments. The nature of product can be Hardware or Software. The people who developed the product, gives guarantee. Need of product in education is We use product in teaching to make easier communication. To reduce the gap between bookish knowledge & practical knowledge. To achieve direct real time experience E.g. (Models). To make joyful learning. Best example of Product is Video Film, Pictorial Book, Training prog., CAL etc.  
Keywords : Product, Product Research Method, Innovation    

Harmik Vaishnav

THE GREAT TRIAL OF MOHANDAS K.GANDHI

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1485/1489

The famous speech delivered by Mohandas K. Gandhi, the father of the nation on March 23, 1922 in the court defending his beliefs is a historical speech from the context of the study of freedom movement of India, law and leadership. The speech is a classic study rather a microcosm of the vision, strategy and thought process that led to the birth of a nation and it tells about the brain behind it which was one of the most visionary and opulent brains.  The article strives to study deliberate upon the mettle behind one of the greatest humans and leader the world has seen: his in-depth insight into human psychology, civilization, economics, machinery of justice and political influence which ultimately envisioned the making of a great nation. It also throws light on the aspect or moral courage, obedience to morality than law and the ultimate target of law: to uphold morality and goodness for the masses.  The article also deliberates on how The Father of the Nation He truly built the soul and structure of a nation which would take rapid strides and the strides would be firmer and the progress sustainable if his ideals are put into practice wherever possible and at as many fronts as possible.  
KEY WORDS: ‘Gandhi’ ‘Law’, ‘Speech’, ‘Oratory’, ‘Humanity’, ‘Language’, ‘Morality’, ‘Great Trial’  

Bhakti Prasad Subedi

DEMOGRAPHIC SITUATION OF SATAR/SANTHAL IN NEPAL (A CASE OF SURUNGA VDC, JHAPA, NEPAL)

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1490/1499

This study focused especially on the number of Satar/Santhal peoples (an ethnic composition of population) living in Surunga VDC and Nepal. Owing to such, data were collected through secondary sources (VDC Records and National Census Reports), data analysis has been done by incorporating simple methods like numerical figures, tables and bar diagrams. Findings suggest that Satar/ Santhal population of Surunga VDC is shifting from highly marginalized to endangered group by the view point of size of the Satar/Santhal community people. There is negative relationship quantitatively between the number of Satar/Santhal population of Surunga VDC and Nepal. It shows the vast decreasing trend in the Surunga VDC and slight increasing trend in Nepal in Satar/Santhal community. This situation is not the good sign of social, ethnic and demographic inclusiveness.  
Keywords:  Satar/Santhal, marginalized, endangered, community, people  

Rajmane K C

SAMAJIK SWASTHYA VA SANTANCHE YOGDAN

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1500/1506

 

S. S. Rana

AN EVAUATIVE STUDY OF MID-DAY MEAL PROGRAMME IN CHANDIGARH AND PANCHKULA

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1508/1512

The Government of India ensures in Article 45 of the Indian constitution that, state shall endeavour to provide free and compulsory education to all children in the age of 6-14 years. With the objectives of providing education and improving health conditions of poor children, Indian government launched the scheme of providing mid-day meals in government and government assisted primary schools. In the present study researcher investigated the various aspects of this scheme like meal menu, locality of kitchen and sheds used for cooking food, quality and quantity of food distributed, frequency of inspection, hygienic condition, effect on student enrolment and retention etc. Researcher visited 20 schools from Chandigarh and 20 schools from Panchkula and a sample of 200 teachers was selected for opinionnaire. Study indicated that the scheme has improved the attendance of students in schools but still could not make up the increased enrolment and retention of students. The scheme is providing sufficient nutrition to the students but the areas like food safety, food variety, distribution time, responsibilities on teachers regarding the scheme and accountability of authorities need much improvement.  
Key words: Mid -day meal scheme, Universalisation of Education, Elementary Education.  

Divya Walia

ECHOES OF FEMINISM IN MAHESH DATTANI’S TARA

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1513/1518

Over the last three or four decades, the terms, ‘literary theory’ and ‘criticism’ have acquired considerable significance for the study of literature and social sciences. Literary theories can be understood as the principles or tools that can be applied for interpreting a wok of literature. They attempt to trace history and culture in the texts and also their linguistic structure.The feminist theory came to the forefront in its theoretical sense in the U.S. and Western Europe in the 1960s. This theory views distinction between man and woman as the product of culture and thus brings socio cultural set up of the society under the scrutiny of the theorists who question it rather than simply reflect it as a social reality.   
The play Tara by Mahesh Dattani too offers multiple reading levels when read in the light of feminism. The paper is an attempt to look at this play in the light of feminism for the better understanding of the play and to explore the dormant feminist voices getting subtly reflected thought the plot and the characters of the play.  Keywords: Feminism, Literary Criticism, Literary Theory, Mahesh Dattani, Tara  

Nivedita Deshmukh & Menka Mishra

A BRIEF STUDY OFFOSTER ACTIVITIES AND PROGRAMMES FOR CREATIVITY

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1519/1520

A study on "fostering activities and programmes for creativity" explore the ability of creativeness which every individual possess to some extent. It helps the student to think constructively which depends on different environment and conditions provided to the students to foster activities for creativity.In the said research, a study of defense Mechanism was conducted. Keywords –Activity,Creativity,Ability, Brainstorming,Gaming,Drumatics  

P. Shanthy & C. Ramasubramanian

EDUCATION FOR MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1522/1527

The intellectual gap between the normal and mentally retarded children, which exists at birth or soon thereafter tends to increase with age and is permanent and largely irremediable. This must be realized and  accepted by  parents and teachers alike possible attitudes to the problem  are to be developed.  keywords:  Trainable , Natal Causes ,  Post –Natal Causes,  Graded Curriculum , Sensory Training   

Rashi Mukhopadhyay & Vishakha Kumar

VARIATIONS IN ADOLESCENCE

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1528/1537

The study broadly explores the thesis developed by Prof. T.S. Saraswathi that contests the conception of adolescents as a single universal cohort. This study was aimed at exploring adolescence at the micro level by interviewing participants in the age group of 13 to 20 year. The study attempts to understand individuals as situated in their contexts. We found that adolescence is experienced in some way or the other by people of all classes and gender. However, the manifestation and concerns of adolescence may vary.  

Purshotam

THE IMPACT OF PHILOSOPHY OF JAINISM ON VARIOUS ASPECTS OF EDUCATION

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1538/1544

Jainism is a very old philosophy. It has exercised a great influence on the mind of man. Even  Under the present-day educational system, boys and girls go to schools and colleges to follow a syllabus which has been set for them.  The aim of education can be both social as well as individual. From the view-point of education for an individual, it should be such as to help develop the physical, mental and moral aspects of an individual’s personality.  The aim of education is thus not restricted to t he one sided development of an individual’s personality; it seeks on the contrary, to develop the “perfect Man.” Jainism presents equal background to the aim of education and life. The aims of education would be influenced by the aims of life. Education is the important means of fulfilling the aims of life. Jainism is quite a sound philosophy and provides permanent aims of education. Jainism is not only a real source of getting worldly enjoyments and heavenly pleasures, but is a science to purify the mundane soul to attain perfection, omniscience, and undying infinite true happiness. It is original, independent, scientific, rationalistic democratic, universal, systematic and primitive faith not only of mankind, but even of birds and bests. It provides freedom, pure bliss, self-responsibility, self-realization, all equality voluntary, co-operation, reciprocal help, spiritual advancement, all love noble thoughts, sweet temper, simple living, pure food, contentment, international peace, exemplary action and brave conduct. Key Words: Impact, Philosophy, Jainism, Aspects, Education   

D. B. Bagul

A RESEARCH PAPERON “A STUDY OF EFFECTIVE MPLEMENTATION OF TRAINING & DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1545/1549

The game of economic competition has new rules. Firms should be fast and responsive. This requires responding to customer needs for quality, variety, convenience and timeliness. Meeting these new standards requires a workforce that is technically trained in all respects. This article is proposed to give an approach to one of the primary Human Resource function i.e. Training and Development being followed in ATRA Pharmaceuticals. Ltd, Pune  The company profile consist of the introduction of Atra Pharmaceuticals Ltd., how it is formed, what the Company is about, also it describes vision, mission, quality policy, HR Policy, Environment safety policy of a company. Review of literature is all about the views of different authors about the subject. It was taken from sources. Research is a systematic and logical study of an issue of a problem or a phenomenon through scientific method. The research was carried out by using primary and secondary data, for the purpose of data analysis. Analysis of the data is done as per the responses of the employees based on sample size. The overall satisfaction level was found out with the analysis of the data. The researcher has concluded the report on the basis of cost evaluation & the productive time saved.  Keywords: Training‚ Need Analysis‚ Budget‚ Post Training‚ Performance‚ Retraining‚ Trainer‚ Competence‚ Knowledge  

Jacinta A. Opara

INNOVATIVE METHOD OF TEACHING SCIENCE THROUGH INTERDISCIPLINARY APPROACH

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1550/1558

A number of common factors influence science education today. The most importantly are the scientific and technological outburst and the increasing national and international issues and problems.  The intension of this paper is to examine the roles and effects of science education in encountering these challenges. It proffers that science teachers in Nigeria should consider these challenges and changes by applying innovative approaches to methods of teaching science through interdisciplinary science to attain knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary to compete with the global trend and standard. Keywords: Science Education, Innovation, Teaching, Technology, Interdisciplinary, Nigeria  

Paresh B. Acharya

A STUDY OF ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS OF HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1559/1566

Environmental Awareness of higher Secondary School Students is the purpose of the present study. For achieving objective researcher use random sample method for selecting a sample. Four hundred twenty students selected in the sample (140 of science stream, 140 of science streams, and 140 of science stream).descriptive survey method use to solve problems. For collecting the data the tool of environment awareness developed by Dr.Manmohan singh was used. Using parametric t-test for analyzing the data. Result revealed that in gender difference was significantly while  types of stream having no significantly difference in environment awareness. 
Key words: environment awareness, types of stream  

Geeta Singh

MODELS AND BEST PRACTICES FOR TEACHER’S PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT FOR ICT

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1568/1580

This paper presents examples of models and best practices in Teacher Professional Development 
(TPD) for ICT in Education. In the education sector, Information and communication technologies have 
brought new possibilities and demands on teachers. They themselves need to be very well equipped with the 
nitty-gritty of the ICT’s to prepare the students in their effective use and implementation and lead them towards 
self-learning. Therefore, the teachers need to realize the importance of their awareness regarding the use of ICT 
and bring about a change in their role as transformative agents who through professional development would 
be able to provide practical skills related to ICT. The paper will also talk about the educational implications 
related to the teachers’ professional development for the effective and efficient utilization of ICT. The paper  
also highlights that the application  of models and practices  should be of high quality and relevant to teachers’ 
needs for bringing about effective teaching-learning process in the classroom. 
Keywords: Teacher Professional Development (TPD), ICT, TDP Models 

Khadilkar Sujay M

ORGANISATIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENT

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1581/1591

 

Khadilkar Sujay M

EMPLOYEE ENGAGEMENT INITIATIVES IN MANAGING ORGANIZATION AND CULTURE

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1592/1606

 

Ramarcha Prasad Pandey

A DIGITAL EDUCATION REVOLUTION

May-Jun,2014, Vol - 2/12, Page - 1607/1614