NOV-DEC, 2013

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9
Imapct Factor: 1.38
ISSN: 2278-8808
Date: 04-Jan-2014

An International Peer Reviewed

Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies


Seema Dhawan

PROFESSIONALISM AMONG THE PUPIL TEACHERS: A SIX-SIGMA APPROACH IN TEACHER EDUCATION

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 544/557

 Education is a process of acquiring and being able to apply knowledge. It also refers to the process of learning. It is very contextual and qualitative in nature. Today, in the technologically advanced scenario, quality education is the paramount need of every nation. It is the responsibility of teachers to provide opportunities, nurture capabilities and maximize learning for quality output. They should acquire professionalism. Possessing professionalism through experiences during service period is very risky, time consuming and might not be successful while, inculcating these skills during pre service training could be promising and quality oriented.
As training is entirely different from teaching, it is the molding up of personality according to the desired or required skills for that particular job world, it must inculcate professionalism among the trainers. It is thus inevitable to make teachers understand the requirements of the teaching profession. Therefore, an attempt was taken to design an innovative assessment process for the performance of pupil teachers. This design is based on six sigma approach used for quality management. The project was conducted in a Self Financed Teachers Education Institute, Yamunanagar. It was carried on 56 pupil teachers studying in the institute. Mixed type of approach was used for data collection. The result shows very promising achievements. The work recommends six sigma approaches in education sector for quality output.

Hitesh D. Raviya

ENHANCING STUDENT’S COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE AND WRITTEN COMPETENCE IN ENGLISH THROUGH CHATTING AND BLOGGING

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 558/564

 During the last decade, Computer and internet assisted language learning has been
marching like anything in varieties of ways depending on need. As a result, it catered ample
opportunities for the learner to study English with the use of innumerable internet resources.
The advent of technology permits the learner to “talk” with each other and in multi-party
talk or polyconversations while being physically distant. The present study attempts to
explore pedagogical rationale for using chat rooms as language learning tool and how
chatting practice, and its Conversation Analysis (CA), can be useful for the students to
develop proficiency level. Chatting provides proper way to the learner to practice the new
structures with the goal of testing sociolinguistic appropriateness. Chatting provides an
opportunity to observe the interactions of native speakers around him.
This research paper aims at exploring how chatting helps the learner of language to
understand the role of culture in language. It also lessens the fear in learning the second
language. Chat activities promote the learner for active involvement and self analysis. The
learner has the opportunity to observe and evaluate language used by native speakers. It
provides the learner an opportunity to participate in a discussion. Research suggests that
there are a variety of benefits for learners engaging in synchronous CMC activities
including: high student participation; increased learner control; motivation; and
development of interaction -competence. Furthermore, the study analyses how blogging helps
the learner not only learning the language but also to enhance their creativity in writing of
the targeted language. Blogging, as a medium to be socially connected, helps the learner to
acquire proficiency by identify some excellent expressions expressed by the language experts.
Finally, the study also discusses how to engage students’ reflective learning in English
writing through the Blog.
Key Words: Computer and internet assisted language learning, Conversation Analysis,
CMC, Blogging.

Priyanki R Vyas

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF AUTOMATION IN THE UNIVERSITY LIBRARIES OF GUJARAT AND RAJASTHAN

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 656/572

 The paper focuses on one of the essential part of libraries. It focuses on automation
in the university libraries. thefreedictionary.com defines automation as “The automatic
operation or control of equipment, a process, or a system.” The automation in libraries
means adopting the system of automatic control of system related to library. University
libraries are generally taken as role model for other libraries. The paper compares
automation in the university libraries of two progressive states of India namely Gujarat and
Rajasthan.
Key Words: Automation, University library, computerization, University libraries of Gujarat,
University libraries of Rajasthan

Jagdish S. Joshi

SEARCH FOR THE SELF IN THE CIRCLE OF KARMA BY KUNZANG CHODEN

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 580/0

 The paper focuses on growth of a woman protagonist from a traditional conservative
to a modern woman through her voyage in search of identity in the novel The Circle of
Karma written by Kunzang Choden, a Bhutanese woman writer of Disapora. The
protagonist, living in a small town in Bhutan, spends her childhood under the restrictions of
patriarchy. In the youth she is passionate. She travels from Thimpu to Siliguri, Kalimpong
and Delhi to search for the self. During her travel to Kilimpong she meets Wangchen and
becomes pregnant with his child. But the upheavals in her life disturb her. She wants to be a
good wife and a caring sister of her siblings. But she has a miscarriage and baby dies. Later
on she starts her pilgrimage in quest of spiritual truth of Karma to know the ultimate truth of
life and paths of salvation. She escalates her from an illiterate woman suppressed by male
dominated society to a woman who attempts to understand her circle of Karma and struggles
to sustain life through the ideals of Buddhism.
Key Words: South Asian Diaspora, immigration, karma, spiritual quest, salvation

Meena Sharma

USE OF ICT AS A BROADER CONCEPT IN CLASSROOM SETTING FOR AN EFFECTIVE AND EFFICIENT TEACHING-LEARNING PROCESS

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 581/591

 A major paradigm shift in Instructional method is seen to respect the challenges present in
today’s society, for a student to be competitive in a global market, we can no longer rely
simply on traditional educational strategies: To meet these demands, one must supplement or
replace traditional methods of Instructions with innovative educational experiences. Some
strategies include co-operative, discovery and inquiry learning activities; however, to
facilitate these methods, technology should be used as a tool to enhance a child’s educational
experience by creating a variety of methods to meet special needs. An innovative technology
method involves using concept mapping to provide students with opportunities to reflect upon
their content understanding and relate conceptual understanding to real life. It is time to
move beyond the walls of our classroom to join forces with other institutions & societies to
revitalize education. The present paper focus on the use of technology in teaching - learning
process that will greatly contribute to meet students needs for learning. Now there is a need
to think globally and act locally.
Keywords- ICT, Innovative Technology and Teaching Learning Process

Jitender

Comparative Study of Adjustment of Adolescent Girls in Relation to Intelligence and Self Concept

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 592/603

 The purpose of this study was to determine the adjustment of adolescent girls in relation to
intelligence and self concept. A random sampling method was followed. The sample
consisted of 150 adolescent girls of Rohtak district.The data was collected personally. The
tools Group Mental Ability Test by Dr. Jalota, AISS by Dr. A.K.P Sinha and Dr. R.P. Singh
and Self concept Questionnaire were used .Result indicated significant differences on total
adjustment and self concept of low and high intelligent adolescent girls. The adolescent girls
having high intelligence are better adjusted compared to low intelligence girls

Priyanki R Vyas

A BIBLIOGRAPHIC STUDY OF DOCTORAL DISSERTATIONS IN ENGLISH SUBJECT AWARDED BY THE UNIVERSITIES OF GUJARAT

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 604/614

 The paper focuses on doctoral dissertation in the English subject awarded by the universities
of Gujarat. It is a kind of bibliographic study of the same. It aims to bring in light the
valuable doctoral research work carried out in the subject of English. It studies bibliography
of the Doctoral dissertations in the subject of English of different universities and compare
them. It tries to find out, which university has more numbers of awarded Doctoral
dissertations in the subject of English? It tries to find out, which university has more numbers
of Doctoral guides in the subject of English? It tries to find out the number of Doctoral
dissertations in the subject of English awarded by the universities It tries to find out which
academic year was the most fruitful for the research in the subject of English. It will provide
a status of doctoral researches in English subject in Gujarat.
Keywords: Bibliographic Study, Doctoral Dissertations in English, Researches in English,
Ph.D. Thesis in English, Researches in Gujarat.

Surekha Bhagyawant

STUDY OF CO-RELATION OF SELF CONTROL AND NEUROTIC TENDENCY OF M. ED. STUDENT

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 0/0

 Now a day education is considered as a basic need. It is a teacher who helps them to learn in
school, but at home mother is considered as child’s ‘first guru’. Many efforts are taken by
parent right from birth of their baby to make the baby self controlled, so he/she will behave
properly. The purpose of making them trained in self control is to make them understand how
and what behavior is to be controlled and to what extent. If they don’t get trained properly
then sometimes their behavior may prove problematic to peer, colleagues or to society also.
Being teacher educator and being in contact with students the researcher noticed some things
about behavior of students. But before providing them any help it is important to know them
properly so some more information has to be collected. There are some tests which measures
self control as well as neurotic tendency traits of individuals.
It is generally observed that person who can control himself properly, his neurotic tendency
is considered as normal; whereas who cannot control him/herself properly they may be show
neurotic tendency. It is general observation but as a researcher, the researcher wanted to
study if there is really any significant co-relation between self-control and neurotic tendency.
For this purpose the researcher worked on M. Ed. students and found out their Self-control
and neurotic tendency of their neurotic tendency. No significant correlation found in self
control and neurotic tendency occurred but negative correlation (-0.2) between Self control
& neurotic tendency indicates that if the self control is greater the neurotic tendency is less
and if self control is less then neurotic tendency is higher.

Omprakash H.M.

NANO-TEACHING: AN INNOVATIVE TEACHING SKILL IN THE LIGHT OF CHANGING SYSTEM OF EDUCATION

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 625/629

 Nanotechnology is a relatively recent development in scientific concepts happened over a
longer period of time. This covers both current work and concepts that are more advanced. In
its original sense, nanotechnology refers to the projected ability to construct items from the
bottom up, using techniques and tolls developed today to make complete, high performance
products. Nanotechnology is sometimes referred to as a general – purpose technology. That’s
because in it’s advanced from it will have significant impact on almost all areas of society. It
will offer better built, longer lasting, cleans, safer and smarter. Like electricity or computers
before it, nanotech will offer greatly improved efficiency in almost every fact of life. Thus it
represents not only wonderful benefits but also grave risk.
The continuous emerging of the new technology, the process of transaction has been
evolved from conventional teacher- centered to interactive technological based one.
Technology based teaching develops the learning skills. Existing E – resources search for
developing our teaching skills. E – Resources have significant roles to play in teaching skills
and hence it provides a way for developing excellent skills. Here information and
communication Technology is a diverse set of technology tools and resources used to create,
communicate, manipulate, store and manage information and knowledge. Now we are living
“Systems of nanosystems”, Nano-Teaching develops various techniques to develop teaching
skills in a nano way. So, here made an attempt to develop Nano-Teachin

Manisha Yadav

RETHINKING GIFTED EDUCATION:- A PROPOSED DIRECTION ON THE BASIS OF CURRICULUM

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 634/649

 In classroom, there is diversity of learners like different flowers in a garden. As different
flowers have different requirements for their growth and development, similarly, Students of
different potential has different needs in terms of their curriculum. In a classroom, you can
find slow learners, mediocre students, and as well as gifted students. The hearts and minds of
children and young adults are wide open to the wonders of learning and the fascinating
complexities of life. The school has to provide for all these experiences and one way to give
this experience is through curriculum. This paper discusses the need and as well as how
should be the curriculum of gifted students. It will also discuss how it can be implemented in
a full inclusive classroom. This paper will help the teachers and curriculum makers to think
in a diverse direction to meet the needs of gifted students.
Key words: Diversity, gifted, need, curriculum.

Sandeep Kumar Sharma

HUMAN VALUE AND TEACHER EDUCATION

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 650/656

 Human values are closely integrated with human life. They are intertwined with our day to
day chores. No human life is possible without values. Yes every living human being lives by
certain values. It is only the proportion and combination of negative and positive values,
which separates a noble human being from a not so noble human being.
How a human value can be develop, either by education or teacher education or Role of
human value in teacher education, then all the process will revolve around the teacher.
The whole responsibility of learning in the classroom lies on the shoulders of the teachers
while students are allowed to just sit passively, whereas it should be the other way round.
“Children have to be educated, but they have also to be left to educate themselves.”
- Ernest Dimnet
Human values relate to the aims of human life. For realization of such aims men frame
certain notions. These notions are known as values. Values refer to objects that we people
cherish and desire, and consider them desirable and worthy of acquisition. These may be
material objects like food, clothing, house etc, and abstract qualities and ideas like truth,
beauty, goodness, peace, prosperity, happiness etc.

Indu Bala Rawat

IMPROVING PRE-SERVICE PRIMARY TEACHERS’ SELF EFFICACY THROUGH LIFE SKILLS TRAINING

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 657/670

 Primary teachers give shape to the future of little kids. Thus they have to be very competent
in dealing with the children and to be aware about different circumstances which they are
facing. This competence can be acquired by life skills education as it is found by various
research evidences that life skills education can be an effective educational tool for every
type of sample. In this direction researcher has tried to improve the teachers’ self efficacy of
pre-service primary teachers through life skills training program in her research. Sample
constituted total 52 teacher trainees (50 % female and 50% male; 50 % science and 50%
arts) from DIET Lucknow, U.P., India. Purposive Sampling was used to select the sample.
Results reveal that life skills training found effective in improving pre-service primary
teachers’ self efficacy. But no significant difference was found between the mean scores of
female and male trainees. Same as no significant difference was found between the mean
scores of science and arts stream trainees.
Keywords- Life Skills, Life Skills Training, Teachers’ Self Efficacy, Pre-Service Primary
Teachers

Priti R. Sonar

TEACHERS ROLE IN INTER-ACTIVE LEARNING

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 671/675

 All modern methods of teaching have one common aim i.e. to develop healthy interaction
between with students. The word interactive teaching consists of two words interaction and
teaching. Interaction means communication between two things, and teaching means the
activities of educating or instructing. Thus interactive teaching is a two way learning process
wherein the lecturer modifies his or her approach (method of teaching) in response to the
needs of the learner(s).

Sudhir Sudam Kaware & Sunil Kumar Sain

TECHNOLOGY CENTERED EDUCATION: KEY ROLE OF EDUSAT

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 0/0

 Now a day, ‘Technology’, ‘Information and Communication Technology’, ‘Teaching
Technology’ etc. these words are very commonly used in Education. Teachers are applying
LCD projectors for presenting their topics through power point presentation or something
else. It is very clear that the purpose of this activity is that students should understand the
content effectively. Smart Classroom is now essential requirement of some ‘Public Schools’
and ‘International Schools’. Parents are expecting that school should have its own audiovisual
lab, Language Laboratory, Interactive Boards, E-content etc. Smart Classroom
creates advanced methodology of teaching learning process. EDUSAT is playing vital role of
achieving prescribed goal for imparting educational technology in education. It enables the
education ‘Technology Centered Education’ in 21st century.
Keywords: Smart Classroom, Interactive Board, E-content, EDUSAT

Suneet Naithani , Sandeep Chauhan & Abhishek Choudhry

DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR EMERGENCY RESPONSE

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 680/687

 City congestion pattern have become everywhere and complex. Traditional, “still”
approaches are no longer ample for analyzing network flows. The present study depicts the
preliminary results on decision support tool for modelling network congestion routing and to
find the alternative route during peak hours in the case of emergency. The system predicts
traffic flow during peak hours and barriers suggest the alternative route to reach hospitals at
the time of emergency. Dijkstra\\\'s algorithm which solves the single-source, shortest-path
problem, which continues until the destination junction is added to Hospital (H).

Alka Dutt

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF GENDER BASES IN VOCATIONAL ASPIRATIONS OF GIRLS HAVING AND NOT HAVING EXPOSURE TO GUIDENCE SERVICES

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 688/695

 This study examined the vocational aspirations and parental vocational expectations of
school students , Participants completed a questionnaire . The present study is an attempt to
find out the influence of guidance service out the influence of guidance service provided by
counsellor on vocational aspiration of students, and how much this guidance service is
effective in optimising the students vocational alternatives regardless of their gender.
students were asked to select occupations to which they aspired. The expectations of parents
were compared to the aspirations of children according to the occupational field, prestige,
and sextype of occupations. The expectation–aspiration gap was relatively small for
occupational field, but the gap was larger for occupational prestige and sextype. There were
also gender differences for both expectations and aspirations . parental educational
background also related to expectations and aspirations. Theoretical, research, and practice
implications are discussed.
Keywords:-Gender Bias, Vocational Aspiration, Guidance& Counselling

Borale R. P. & Ahirrao K. D.

TOXICITY OF PYRETHROID, CYPERMETHRIN ON NEUROSECRETORY ACTIVITY IN FRESHWATER SNAIL, LYMNAEA ACUMINATA (L)

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 696/707

 A detailed study on the morphology of nervous system, neurosecretory cells and the seasonal
variations in the neuro secretory cells along with effect of sublethal concentration of
cypermethrin in a freshwater snail, Lymnaea acuminata has been carried out. The nervous
system consists of several paired as well as unpaired ganglia forming a ring, like a pair of
cerebral, pleural, pedal, parietal ganglia and a single visceral ganglia. Two types of
neurosecretory cells, A and B, were identified by using Mallory\'s triple staining method. A
cells were found to be pyriform in shape with long axon while B cells were round without
axon. Seasonal variations in neurosecretory cells were observed in cerebral ganglia along
with the exposure to sublethal concentration of cypermethrin for 24 and 96 hours exposure
span. It was found that the number of neurosecretory cells (A and B) decrease progressively
after 24 and 96 hours exposure period.
Key words: Lymnaea acuminata, Cypermethrin toxicity, neurosecretion

Ahirrao K. D. & Borale R. P.

EFFECT OF SEVIN ON THE GLYCOGEN CONTENT OF FRESH WATER SNAIL, THIARA LINEATA

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 708/716

 Aquatic contamination by pesticides, arising as a result of their extensive use in agriculture
and public health program. Carbamates are now a day increasingly used due to their
biodegradable nature and less persistence in the environment. However, indiscriminate use
of these pesticides for crop protection causes much damage to the aquatic fauna. The
carbamate, Sevin, caused severe alterations in biological steps of aquatic snail, Thiara
lineata. The snail is economically important which serves as an intermediate host of various
trematod parasites, which causes severe diseases to human being as well as domestic
animals. The gastropod mollusc, T. lineata is a filter feeder at secondary level of fresh water
ecosystem. Hence, it felt necessary to study alteration in the levels of glycogen. The
acclimatized, healthy, active and same sized mature adult animals were considered for an
experiment. The three groups of ten snails each were exposed to sub-lethal concentration
(0.913 ppm) of Sevin for 1,7 and 14 days, simultaneously controls were run. The first group
was sacrificed and different parts of the body, viz., gonad, hepatopancreas and foot were
separated. From second group, reproductive tract and visceral organs (rest of the body) and
from third group whole body was separated and total glycogen was estimated. The results
were statistically analyzed and were found to be significant.
Keywards: Thiara lineata, Sevin, Glycogen.

Brijendra Singh Yadav, Jagriti Jaiswal

CONSUMER PERCEPTION AFFECTS ORGANIZATIONAL STRATEGY- A STUDY OF INDIAN RURAL RETAIL SECTORS

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 717/728

 As we know 64% of the population live in rural area hence if we concentrate on this part of
population we can get a huge size of future market for our business growth. With the help of
this study we can increase their sales and profit and also create a customer satisfaction and
loyalty. Through critical analysis we came to know why organizational strategy matters to
form a consumer perception and which type of the challenges they have to face in rural
areas. In these retail industries, in different localities, all are dealing with a strategic or
discontinuous modulation point and requiring changing basically to stay competitive, among
them all are facing new realities and tough choice. Are they dissimilar than most companies
today? Subject Related to leadership qualities, competitiveness, talent shortage and strategy
accomplishment affect most of the retail industries whether they are in rural areas or urban
areas. We get a simple answer no. As small retailers in rural areas, need to understand that how to promote their strategy at the
ground level involving handling rural consumer, providing services, arranging distribution
channel and displaying potential in their organization.
So, research paper depicts that how an organizational strategy get affected by the consumer
perception towards retail outlets in rural areas and how it differs from the urban areas in
Indian subcontinent.

Jaspal Singh, Kirpal Singh

EFFECT OF AEROBIC DANCE ON SELECTED PHYSIOLOGICAL VARIABLES AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 729/736

 The effects of aerobic dance were investigated on the physiological variables of college
students. The experimental group was made up 30 subjects, and the control group also
numbered 30 subjects. The experimental program of the aerobic dance lasted for a period of
8 weeks. The data were analysed with Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). This study
confirmed previous conclusions about significant positive influence of the aerobic dance
trainings on the changes in the physiological variables, namely, resting pulse rate, breath
holding, vital capacity and respiratory rate of college students

Touseef Iqbal Butt & Ruhi Gupta

TRIBAL POPULATION AND DEVELOPMENT POLICIES IN THE HIMALAYAN STATE OF JAMMU AND KASHMIR: A CRITICAL ANALYSIS

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 737/755

 India is home to tribal population of about 85 million, with more than 700 groups each with
their distinct cultures, social practices, religions, dialects and occupations and are scattered
in all States and Union Territories in India. The Tribes, like the Scheduled Castes, is the most
socially, economically and educationally disadvantaged, marginalized and excluded groups
in our country. The wide-spread discrimination against scheduled groups has long histories
in India. However the status of this community in the state of Jammu and Kashmir is
somewhat different from their counterpart in other part of the country. In Jammu and
Kashmir, the tribal people are very affluent, highly educated, politically awared and have
good number in white-collar jobs. In this context and with this backdrop, this is a modest
attempt to study the demographic particulars of tribal and the development policies in India
in general and Jammu and Kashmir in particular.
Keywords: Tribes • Tribal Population • Tribal Development • Constitutional Safeguards •
Scheduled Tribes • Jammu and Kashmir

S K Joshi

JOURNEY OF RIGHT TO EDUCATION: A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 756/763

 On 26th January 1950 when Indian Constitution was reinforced, it had in its Article 45 a
directive principle promising free and compulsory education for all children until they
complete the age of 14 years. This was to be attained within 10 years. But the state that was
responsible for implementing the constitutional promise of free and compulsory education for
all children up to the age of 14 years could not do so for next 5 decades. In the 60th year of
India became Republic, on the 27th day of August 2009, Right of children to free and
compulsory education act 2009 was notified. Through 86th constitutional amendment, Article
21-a (part III) was inserted in the fundamental right section of constitution under which,
“The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of 6 to 14
years in such manner as the state may, by law, determine. The path to the most sought ‘Right
to Education’ was not as simple and easy. For understanding it in a better way, we will have
to dwell into the history of Indian Education. The present paper tries to look at the historical
perspective of journey of ‘Right to Education’ in Indian scenario.
Key words: Right to Education, Historical perspective

Umender Malik, Shweta Kapoor

TEACHING EFFECTIVENESS OF SCHOOL TEACHERS IN RELATION TO EMOTIONAL MATURITY

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 764/770

 Teaching effectiveness means the perfection, the optimum level of efficiency and productivity
on the part of the teacher. It refers to the height of maturity and learning indicates that
teachers grows with experience and learns more and more. This study explores the
relationship between teaching effectiveness and emotional maturity of school teachers. The
results explore that significant difference in teaching effectiveness and emotional maturity
among male and female school teachers. Moreover significant difference also find in
teaching effectiveness among school teachers with different level of emotional maturity.
Keywords: Teaching Effectiveness, School Teachers, Emotional Maturity

Indu Rathee

STUDY OF STRESS MANAGEMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 771/778

 Stress is an integral part of natural fabric of life. The present study conducted on the stress
management of secondary school teachers. In the research procedure investigators has taken
a sample of 100 teachers at secondary level schools of Sonepat district (HARYANA), out of
which 50 working in Government and 50 working in Non-Government schools with using
random sampling techniques. Stress Management inventory developed by Dr. Vanadana
Kaushik (Udaipur) and Dr. Namarata Arora Charpe (Banasthali) is used. It is found that
there is a significant difference between stress management of Government and Non-
Government secondary school teachers.
Key words: Stress Management of Secondary School Teachers

Rita Singha Roy

SWAMI VIVEKANANDA’S THOUGHT ON EDUCATION WOMEN- EMBODIMENT OF SHAKTI

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 797/799

 Swami Vivekananda views woman exactly as he views man, an individual with a destiny. In
the sphere of the pursuit of spiritual realization, woman as well as man has to walk in a
single file. Woman like man must be allowed to enjoy perfect freedom, independence and
responsibility. Swami Vivekananda is the first monk to uphold and do work for the freedom
and equality of women and realizing her importance for the proper functioning of home and
society. Swamiji believed that the main reason behind the various problems of the women of
our country was due to lack of proper education. Swamiji firmly believed that if the women
get proper education then they solve their own problems in their own ways and they must
also understand what chastity means, because it is their heritage.
Key words: Swamiji, women, mother, education, chastity

Yashvinder Kapil, Hemant Singh Keshwal & B. S Chavan

UNDERSTANDING THE BARRIERS FACED BY CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES AT SCHOOLS WITH INCLUSIVE SET-UP IN CHANDIGARH

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 800/808

Inclusive education means including children with disabilities in regular classrooms that
have been designed for children without disabilities (Kugelmass, 2004). It refers to an
education system that accommodates all children regardless of their physical, intellectual,
social, emotional, linguistic or other conditions. The aim of the study was to know the
perception of the school principals, class teachers having children with special needs
(CWSN), class teacher without CWSN, resource teacher, children with special needs & peer
group about the environmental and individual barriers for the children with special needs. A
semi structured interview schedule was used which was especially designed for the purpose
of this study. The findings of the study suggest that majority of the schools were having
physical barriers as these schools lacked ramps or lift, there were no modified toilets as per
the needs of CWSN & non availability of signage & tactile flooring in the schools. On the
other hand, the attitude of school authorities was cooperative and receptive.
Key words: Inclusive Education, Barriers, Children with Special Needs, normal schools

Namita S. Sahare

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF TAGORE’S AND ROUSSEAU’S THOUGHTS ON NATURALISM & EDUCATION

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 814/821

 Rousseau\\\'s natural education is going to cultivate a natural person, and the natural instinct
of children to adapt to the development of a set of educational theory. The paper
comparatively studies the dissimilarities and connections of Jean-Jacques Rousseau and
Gurudev Ravindranath Tagore, two representative naturalistic educators, in the aspects of
connotations, targets, contents and teacher-student relationship of naturalistic education.
Naturalism as a philosophy of education was developed in the 18th century. It is based on the
assumpiion that nature represents the wholeness of reality. Nature, itself, is a total system
that contains and explains all existence including human beings and human nature.
Key words: Naturalism, Education, Research Methodology

D.Samuel, D.Ushalaya Raj

ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOUR OF JUVENILE OFFENDERS

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 822/833

 This research study has been carried out to focus and analyse the deviant behaviour of
Juvenile offenders in the observation homes. Normative survey method is employed to collect
the data through questionnaire by adopting stratified random sampling technique. The
sample size of the study is 132. The main objectives of the study are, to assess the level of
deviant behaviour among juvenile offenders, to compare the deviant behaviour among
juvenile offenders based on, family configuration, fathers’ occupation, fathers’ educational
qualification, location of residence. The major finding of the study shows that Juvenile
offenders have high deviant behaviour and there is a significant difference of deviant
behaviour based on fathers’ occupation, fathers’ qualification, location of residence and
family Configuration.

Prakash Bhausaheb Salavi

MAHATMA GANDHI ON EDUCATION: PHILOSOPHICAL PERSPECTIVE

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 834/841

 M. K. Gandhi, the lovely and very good minded universal person, who was born in
India in the modern age. He stressed on traditional spiritual attitude with the total
development from education, which is related to modern age of the world with reference to
India. Gandhi is the politician, the philosopher, the socialist and the educationist. He lives
with the accumulation of Karmayaog, Dnyanyog and Bhaktiyoga. The thought of Gandhi on
Education is the basic way of life for all.
Gandhi stresses on total development of a student. The main responsibility is to
develop body, mind, soul and the intelligence. He gives importance to emotional and mental
development. He says, the student, who is going to be a responsible part of society, we want
to stress on his social and moral development through the education. But there is no any kind
of philosophy of life in present education, which is going to make a student as a national
person.
The significant concept of Gandhi is ‘3 H’. The‘3 H’ means to the Head, Heart and
the Hand. Gandhi explores this concept about total development of student. Gandhi wants to
establish a co-ordination with parallel development of head, heart and hand. It means to
Intellectual, Emotional development with work culture of human together.
Gandhi will to be a form co-ordination and co-relation between different subjects
which is included in curriculum and education faculties.
Gandhi gives to parallel significance to Liberal and Vocational Education system of
contemporary India.
Gandhi’s philosophy of education is collaboration of naturalism, existentialism and
spiritualism. Basically Gandhi is a spiritual person. He stresses on spiritual and moral
development also.
Gandhi stresses on non-violence and communal harmony. He inspired by Jainism.
The Truth and Non violence is the divine value of life with reference to Gandhi. So he told
that for the implication of these values we will go to do basic change in Education.
The Basic education scheme is Gandhi is for the character formation of student with
his life security through with any kind of productive work
Jhon Duewe says, ‘Gandhi’s scheme of education is, a one step ahead of all the other
system. It is a very revolutionary educational effort. We all hope to learn much from India
about the Education’. We can see here, Jhon Duewe inspired by Gandhi’s Educational
Philosophy.
In today’s situation, we can see the importance of this scheme. Right now liberal
education is going on totally failed. In this situation we want think again and again on this
scheme of education of Gandhi.
Today also, this scheme is very useful for the unemployed in India. This is very
absolute for all over world, especially for the developing countries. The time to come now, we
will think again properly and seriously on this scheme with respect to Gandhi’s Philosophy of
Education.
Keywords: Mahatma Gandhi, Education, Philosophical Perspective

Prakash Bhausaheb Salavi

J. KRISHNAMURTI ON EDUCATION: PHILOSOPHICAL PERSPECTIVE

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 842/850

 J. Krishnamurti: A Philosopher of modern age. The various new significant
philosophical concepts are draw-out from the thoughts of J. Krishnamurti. He is a very
naturalistic. We found the grass roots of modern philosophy in the philosophical and
educational thoughts of J. Krishnamurti. We can search the fundamental principles of
existentialism & realism in the thoughts of J. Krishnamurti.
J. Krishnamurti properly stresses on peace, non-violence, sensitivity. He says
education is not a process; it is a naturalistic inquiry by the students. Education is the self
acceptance by the student. We try to know what they want, not to what we are giving to them.
Education means, we are connected with the total development of each human being,
helping him to realize his own highest and fullest capacity. The fullest development of every
individual creates a society of equals.
Education means being sensitive to everything around one,- to the plants, the animals,
the trees, the sky, water, the river, the birds on the wing and also to the moods of the people
around one, and to the stranger who passes by.
He gives very clear perception about learning, - the place of authority and freedom,
motivation and competition, discipline and coercion, the teacher-student relationship, fear
and sensitivity, solitude and meditation, love, beauty, pleasure and total development of
attention from concentration, function from status and security from dependency.
The conservation with self and independence with self freedom is merely significant
and it is the first step to achieve ourselves, and it can be possible through the education.
The student, the teacher, the guardian and the school are the major and basic factor
of education. J. Krishnamurti very deeply thinks on these factors for education, which has a
power to change the world with individual.
J. Krishnamurti comments on whole human life. Life is an accumulation of
satisfaction, beauty, Love and pain with cruelty. We will try to know this nature of life. This
type of nature of life cannot be understood by the subject experts. The end of psychological
conflicts and sorrow cannot be possible through technical progress. The physical progress is
main tool of the end of human beings. The technical progress is became a very essential in
today’s situation and our present life style. But the technical development is purely
meaningless without self knowledge.
Key words: J. Krishnamurti, Education, Philosophical Perspective

Nidhi Phutela, Hirak Dasgupta

CRITICAL SUCCESS FACTORS OF E-BANKING IN INDIA

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 851/858

 Finance & banking are the back bone of economy for any country. Internet, one of the most
revolutionary inventions of the mankind has added an edge to the business perspectives of all
the sectors, and definitely banking is no exception to it. It has opened the global gates to the
earlier much localized banking and has rather made it real time. The implementation projects
of e-business services are strategic and complex in nature and yet, the success is not ensured.
Although these risks cannot be altogether reduced, they can be minimized by laying emphasis
on critical success factors (CSFs) of its implementation. The paper presents an overview of
some of the existing e-business implementation models in general and e-banking in
particular. The purpose of the study is mainly to identify the possible common and specific
factors dealing with the success of implementing e-banking services in banks in India.
Keywords: Critical Success Factors (CSFs), e-Banking, India, internet.

Alaa Abd Ali Hade

MOBILE CLOUD COMPUTING FUTURE AND CHALLENGES

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 859/864

 Mobile cloud computing is the combination of mobile computing and the cloud
computing which combines the features of mobile computing and the cloud computing, cloud
computing is the use of computing resources which are available in a remote location and
accessible over a network. Here the resources are available over the network instead of
user’s site. Mobile cloud computing as a form of service provider, this has several concepts
like 1. IaaS Infrastructure as a service 2. PaaS Platform as service 3. SaaS Software as a
service.
Since the increasing demand of Mobile computing and cloud computing the
combination of both heading towards new era that is mobile cloud computing. This paper
discusses the mobile cloud computing future and the challenges.
Key Words: Mobile Cloud Computing, Challenges

Mostafa Abdulghafoor Mohammed

DESIGN AND PRODUCTION OF ROBOT BY USING MICROCONTROLLER

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 865/879

 This project concerned to control (7) servomotor in (x, y, z) coordinates by using
microcontroller type PIC18F45K22 device which can programmed with computer using
Micro-C language after compiled to assembly language and to Hex-file, this way control
using coordinate by coordinate which control the state of cycle by PWM signal to give high
accuracy of rotating the arm of robots.
The axes to which controlled of robot first given password that display on LCD using
the keypad and then remote control to moving the robot axes coordinates

Babu Nampalli

INDIAN WOMAN AT THE CROSS ROADS: A STUDY OF SHASHI DESHPANDE'S HEROINES

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 880/885

 The female protagonists in their writings evince sufficient vigour and courage to
question the oppressive role of society, religion and culture, but yet they refrain from taking
the paths suggested by the western feminists. They rather seek to find their own paths. The
present paper reflecting on the three major novels of Shashi Deshpande, attempts to prove
the point that Indian feminism as reflected in the Indian fiction is a unique phenomenon that
has to be valued on its own scale and should not be weighed against the scales of the western
feminist literature. For this purpose I have attempted a critique of the female protagonists in
three of Shashi Deshpande\'s novels, namely The Dark Holds No Terrors, Roots and Shadows
and That Long Silence. In all these novels, Shashi Deshpande objectifies new female
subjective experiences with a gynocentric vision. She basically reflects on the problems and
concerns of the middle class Indian women. Her writings, rooted in the culture in which she
lives, remain sensitive to the common everyday events and experiences, and they give artistic
expression to something that is simple and mundane. Her feminism is peculiarly Indian in the
sense that it is born out of the predicament of Indian women placed between contradictory
identities: tradition and modernity, family and profession, culture and nature. Her art is
intensely personal, not political. Her feminism rooted in the native environment tends to be
humanistic and optimistic in its outlook.
Key Words: Gynocentric, Feminism, Optimistic, mundane, western feminities.

Satvinderpal Kaur

SCHOOL DROPOUTS AMONG RURAL CHILDREN: EXAMINING THE SPACE AMONG CAUSES

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 896/905

 Rural children being born and developed in the deprived rural setup are always remain at
disadvantage in terms of attaining equal opportunities in life. Education means enhanced
prospects of social, cultural and economic development of nation. Indian government has
initiated many policies and programmes for the universalization of education but the dream
remained distant for the nation so far. High incidence of dropouts has been emerged as most
critical problem for the education system. The present paper, using secondary data of
national level and primary data from villagesBathinda district of Punjab, explores the causes
responsible for school dropout among rural children. The perceived reasons for school
dropouts yielded nearly twenty three causes. Poverty in the family, illiteracy of the parents,
and school related factors etc. have emerged as crucial factors behind out of school children.
Other factors include poor infrastructure of the schools, difficulty in learning, lack of
motivation, child labour, low socio- economic status, socio- cultural barriers, lack of
employment opportunities etc. are found as determining factors behind the incidence of
dropping out.
Keywords: rural, causes, dropouts

D. B. Bagul

A RESEARCH PAPER ON “TO STUDY MARKET POTENTIAL FOR ANNUAL MAINTENANCE CONTRACT OF DIESEL GENERATOR SET IN PUNE REGION”‚ MAHARASHTRA‚ INDIA

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 906/912

 The research consists of study and analysis market potential for AMC of Kirloskar DG sets in Pune region for Omkar Engineering Works (An Authorized Service Provider of Kirloskar Oil Engine Ltd). In today\'s competitive world while entering in the market it is very necessary to have good knowledge of the potential of a particular market. 1. To understand the market of Annual Maintenance Contract (AMC) for diesel generator sets. 2. To study the current market share of Omar Engineering Works of Annual Maintenance Contract to various companies.3. To understand the factors that companies consider while giving Annual Maintenance Contract. Omkar Engineering Works is a firm promoted in the year 2007 by professionals having wide experience in the industry. It is a highly ambitious group of technocrats ventured into engineering solution consist of electromechanical research, maintenance & service segment with definite objective of being \'Unique\'. Engineering research’s, consultancy & maintenance service provider carrying a reputation, reliability & strong referrals among its prestigious clientele. It is also an authorized dealer of Kirloskar spares Parts and Bosch engines.
Keywords: Market‚ Potential‚ Analysis‚ CRM‚ Consumer‚ Customer‚ Industries‚ atisfaction‚ Delight‚ Survey.

Navleen Kaur, Mr. Bikramjit Singh

EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE IN STUDENTS PURSUING ENGINEERING COURSES: A CASE STUDY

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 933/943

 Emotional intelligence includes emotional competence, emotional maturity and, emotional
sensitivity. These psychological dimensions motivate an individual to recognize truthfully,
interpret honestly and handle tactfully the dynamics of human behavior. The emotional make-up
of an individual is the product of ones’ learning experiences. We learn emotional intelligence
through the social learning process through role models. Our education system lays stress on
intelligence quotient (IQ) and not on emotional quotient (EQ). We are expected to learn EQ from
our parents, peer groups or other role models. No formal education or knowledge is imparted to
teach these concepts, abilities or competencies. In developing societies there is a strong belief
that intelligence is to do with thinking, analyzing, remembering, comparing, applying, and
appearing for exams, obtaining high scores, etc.etc. It is argued that these qualities lead the
individual to get top positions and lucrative pay packages. People work hard to develop their IQ
but ignore their EQ. With the passage of time it has been realized that emotional factors are
equally important as academic factors, as these would enable an individual to handle life on
their own terms. It has been seen that students who are very intelligent excel in normal class
room learning, but at workplace they are not successful. Emotional intelligence plays an
important role in everyone’s life. The present study is an effort to understand the level of
emotional intelligence of students pursuing engineering course.
Key Words: Emotional Intelligence; Intelligence Quotient; Emotional Quotient

Taranpreet Kaur

GATS & HIGHER EDUCATION: AN ANALYTICAL STUDY WITH REFERENCE TO INDIAN CONTEXT

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 925/935

 Trade in educational services is an important issue for India. In this context this paper analyses the intricacies of the general agreement on trade in services as applicable to educational sector and higher education in particular. It also discusses the status of higher education in India and how GATS could provide an opportunity whereby private and foreign investment in higher education can be encouraged subject to high quality standards and efficient regulation.

Rakhshanda Lateef

STUDY HABITS AND SCHOLASTIC ACHIEVEMENT OF MALE AND FEMALE KASHMIR UNIVERSITY STUDENTS- A COMPARATIVE STUDY

Nov-Dec,2013, Vol - 2/9, Page - 936/942

 The study was conducted to compare male and female Kashmir university students on study habits and scholastic achievement. The sample for the present study was consisted of 400 Kashmir university students (200male and 200 female). The sample was selected randomly from the different departments of Kashmir University. The data for the present study was collect with the help of study habits inventory by  Palsane and Sharma. The scholastic achievement of the students was collected by giving them self-constructed information blank in which the students were askeds to give the aggregate marks of previous two classes.  It was found that female and male students differ significantly in their Study Habits and scholatic achievement. Females were found to have better study habits and scholastic achievement than male students of Kashmir University.
Keywords:  Study Habits, scholastic Achievement, Kashmir university students.