MAY-JUNE 2013

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6
Imapct Factor:
ISSN: 2278-8808
Date: 04-Jul-2013

An International Peer Reviewed

Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies


Mohammad Hadi Mansour Lakooraj

SOCIO -CULTURAL CONSEQUENCES OF GLOBALIZATION IN HOUSING PATTERN

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1178/1185

This paper aims to study the effect of globalization upon the society and culture. The process
of globalization presents members of the society a great many choices for changes in
different domains of culture. These changes are reflected in housing pattern. Adaptations of
these changes are further reflected in the changes in Behaviour pattern, Attitudes, Ideology,
norms and values. Hence, the main objective of this study is to consider the changes in
Behaviour pattern, Attitudes, Ideology, norms and values. N. Anderson (1961) observes thatthe
house is the place where family members do most of their television viewing, reading,
indulging in hobbies and general relaxing. Most social contact with relatives and friend
occurs in the context of the home. Modernization in Iran dates back to a century ago.
However, the modernization process in Iran, just one hundred and fifty years old, has
suffered from much turbulence both permeated and unmediated with peculiar social and
cultural consequences. (Vida Nassehi, 1985). Research of Methodology in this paper is
Systematic sampling. Systematic sampling another design that gives each unit an equal
selection probability. This research was undertaken in the city of Kelardasht, a city in
Mazandaran in Iran. Kelardasht has a semi-traditional structure which has undergone
tremendous changes due to the process of modernization this town and the surrounding 

Benzigar

DEVELOPING COMMUNICATIVE SKILLS USING TECHNOLOGY

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1191/1199

The paper attempts to explore the use of technology to enhance communicative skills of
the learner. In the typical Indian classroom, the teacher is constrained to teach a set of hundred
students and more. The situation multiplies the responsibility of the teacher, turning the
classroom all sound and fury and the teaching activity is a laborious process. The context makes
a rare phenomenon individualized teaching where the need of every learner is taken care of. The
student remains spiritless and unenthusiastic for he finds himself as an insignificant, unnoticed
individual lost in a maddening crowd. It is at this critical juncture modern technological
equipments, otherwise called new instructional media, came to the rescue of the teacher and
learner and solved two major problems. It let the pace of learning be determined by the learner
himself, and it made use of lessons prepared by the best teachers to thousands of learners.
Key words: Computer, Internet, Web, Email 

Adel Hedires Naathil Ghanem

AN INTERSECTING FUNCTIONALITY OF DATAMINING AND STATISTICS.

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1186/1195

Statistics is the collection tabulation analysis and interpretation of data
selected for specific studies, Data mining is the technique to extract the hidden
pattern from the large database for decision making purpose of any organization.
Since both the fields are dealing with the large database and analyze and interpret
it therefore both the fields are having some similarity. This paper examines the
nature of both the disciplines and discusses its similarity and differences. 

Ali Baseri & Anjali kurane

IMPACT OF URBANIZATION ON EDUCATION SYSTEM AMONG THE BASERI TRIBE IN MARVDASHT OF IRAN

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1196/1204

The present paper deals with the impact of urbanization on education system of
Baseri tribe in Marvdasht of Iran. The impact of Urbanization in the education
system of Baseris has studied through understanding the continuity and change in
various aspect of education system of the Baseris. In this study the main aim is to
explore the education system among Baseris in Marvdasht city.
The data shows that the change of education system due to impact of urbanization
on the Baseris.
Key words: Urbanization, education system, Baseri tribe 

Mehran Daneshnia

THE INDICATION OF CURRENT IMPORT-EXPORT OF IRAN IN THE CASE OF BANDAR-ABBAS PORT AND SHAHID RAJAEE TERMINAL CONTAINER

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1206/1218

This study aims to analyses the potential role of Iranian ports for carrying a part of
containerized cargo, which under present circumstances would be transported via
‘traditional’ shipping routes. By considering the shorter Iranian route in linking the
European Union and Asia in terms of time and cost in comparison with the traditional
shipping route, the scenario of a ‘route via Iran’ is proposed. This scenario reflects a
way to extend the global supply chain and accelerate integration of the Commonwealth of
Independent States (CIS) and Eastern European countries into the globalization process.
Iran, as a historical transit route, could play a new role in the changing world. After1985
an increasing amount of containerized cargo has been transported between South East Asia
and Western Europe. In this study, a scenario analysis was employed as a research tool to
generate a ‘route via-Iran’ scenario.
Key words: Iran’s Import-Export-Shahid Rajaee Terminal Container 

Mehdi Mehri Shahabadi

VIRTUAL UNIVERSITIES: A STEP TOWARDS GLOBALIZATION (EXPERIENCES OF INDIA AND IRAN)

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1219/1232

The main purpose of this paper was to study Virtual Universities as a step towards universal
and globalization of higher education in India and Iran. These Universities purposefully
extending some new services and general courses in-university to the students and have been
presenting e-services. In fact, this new phenomena has produced to develop ICT and this
epidemic is natural respond of universal higher education to the globalization. Although
Traditional learning are in versus developing virtual Universities due to novelty services and
facilities, new phenomena confront Traditional learning especially in developing countries
such as India and Iran. Virtual Universities are strong rivals according to their situation in
distributing social, economical, geographical area, which can suppose a silent rivalry of
technical, cultural, scientific aspects between them. Despite of different types of virtual
Universities and difficulty in recognizing it there are different models of classification of
virtual Universities on the basis of object, cost and services etc. There are several reasons for
having challenges in Virtual Universities in every country of higher education. India and Iran
are two low speed countries (developing countries) that aren’t exception to this rule. This
paper discusses the issues and current challenges, types and process which are rebounding
and transiting towards the second revolution in Virtual Universities of India and Iran, as
compare to international successful Virtual Universities 

Fatemeh Behdarvand

DEVELOPMENT OF ACTIVITY BASED PROGRAM ON CREATIVITY AND TESTING ITS EFFECTIVENESS

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1233/1245

This study was conducted an experimental to find out the effectiveness of the activity based
program (ABP) on development of creativity on standard VII students in English medium school in
pune city. To test hypothesis, a pre-test and post-test equivalent group design was used (50 students
as control group and 50 students as experimental group).Baqer Mehdi, non -verbal (TCF) test was
used for pre-test as well as post-test. The result indicated that, the program developed by the
researcher had a significant effect on creative thinking of students. The mean in the post-test of
experimental group was significantly higher than the mean in post-test of the control group. The
program helped in improvement of the imagination and novelty of idea on students.
Keywords: Creativity, VII Standard Pupils, Activity Based Program (ABP) 

Manoj Kumar Saxena & BhawnaRathour

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF EFFECTIVENESS OF ONLINE LEARNING AND TRADITIONAL FACE TO FACE LEARNING AT SECONDARY LEVEL

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1248/1256

Technology is revolutionizing education today. The present study was undertaken to
compare the effectiveness of online learning and traditional face to face learning at
secondary school level.The sample of the study included total 80 students of class IX
randomly selected from of D.A.V. Senior Secondary School of Yamuna Nagar on the
basis of locality, parental occupational background and parental income. Two group
pretest posttest research design was used to conduct this study. Results from the
analysis of data reveled that students having rural background of both groups were
not differ significantly in pre-test and it was also found that students having rural 

V. Mercy Jyothi

PERCEPTION OF NEWLY JOINED TEACHERS TOWARDS SOCIAL AND MORAL VALUES

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1258/1264

Morality is something that applies to all people universally. It is concerned with such questions as
do’s and don’ts, right and wrongs. The standards of morality determine the conduct of individual
members of society. The infant immediately after birth is no different from any other animal at the
time of birth. But the child rapidly develops into a human being .As the child grows physically it
acquires motor skills along with social skills by social environment. In this process of growth and
development into human being, a sort of metamorphosis also takes place which is referred to as
moral development. Moral devepment results from one are increasing ability to perceive social
reality and to organize and integrate social experiences.
The philosophy about value is that, value should help any one to seek the real knowledge and goal of
life in a righteous manner. It is equally important to ensure that the youth are equipped with core
values needed to live as responsible citizens in complex democratic societies. The need for value
education has been stressed by all the commissions set up for educational development viz., Radha Krishna commission (1948), Sri prakasa committee on religious and moral instructions , Kothari
commission (1964-66),National policy on education(1986).
The programme of Action (1992) emphasized value education as an integral part of school
curriculum. Ultimately the responsibility of imparting value education is on the shoulders of
teachers. So to impart value education the teacher him self should be equipped with values .For this
he should have the ability to perceive social reality and to organize and integrate social experiences.
This leads him to become a man of values and this development helps the teacher to impart value
education successfully.
So the teachers, especially the newly joined teachers as they are in growing up of teaching
profession, their perception towards moral and social values places significant role.

G. Jayapraba & M. Kanmani

METACOGNITIVE AWARENESS IN SCIENCE CLASSROOM OF HIGHER SECONDARY STUDENTS

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1266/1275

Metacognition is the awareness one has about his/her thinking process and how he/she is
able to control these processes. This study aims at examining the effects of inquiry based learning
and cooperative learning on metacognitive awareness in science class room. A quasi experimental
design involving three groups namely, two treatment groups- inquiry based learning and
cooperative learning and control group was adopted. Standardized tool developed by Schraw and
Dennision(1994) was used to measure metacognitive awareness in three groups. Results revealed
that students in cooperative learning received higher metacognitive awareness compared to other
groups. The researchers recommend that cooperative learning be adopted regularly in classroom to
enhance metacognitive awareness of higher secondary students. 

Geeta Shetty

A COMPARISON OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE CONSTRUCTIVIST AND THE TRADITIONAL APPROACH IN THE TEACHING OF ENGLISH AS PERCEIVED BY STUDENT TEACHERS

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1278/1299

Language learning is a process that requires an active engagement of learners in knowledge
building activities. Constructivism is a philosophy that believes in creating newer and better
understandings through dissonance and disequilibrium. Teacher education has the responsibility to
make student teachers challenge existing assumptions and beliefs. Traditional Indian classrooms are
plagued with huge numbers making the practice of student centered approaches a very daunting
task. Future teachers ought to be exposed to progressive approaches to teaching English and made
to apply them in the classrooms to analyze the implications. The study has analyzed the perception
of student teachers regarding the Constructivist as well as Traditional Approaches. The student
teachers were initiated to the Constructivist Approach and made to apply it in the teaching of
English Grammar and Composition. The findings indicate that the student teachers perceived the 

Ankita S.Walsinge

WORK STRESS AND ITS MANAGEMENT

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1302/1312

Stress is a prevalent and costly problem in today\'s workplace. About one-third of workers report
high levels of stress. One-quarter of employees view their jobs as the number one stressor in their
lives. Three-quarters of employees believe the worker has more on-the-job stress than a generation
ago. Stress is the major cause of turnover in organizations. With continued stress at the workplace,
workers will develop psychological and physiological dysfunctions and decreased motivation in
excelling in their position. This research paper focuses on the understanding work stress, its effect
and causal factors and methods for managing it. 

RAM PRAKASH GUPTA

IMPACT OF MICRO-TEACHING ON THE TEACHING COMPETENCE OF PUPIL - TEACHERS – A COMPARATIVE STUDY

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1314/1331

The present study was aimed at studying the impact of micro-teaching on the teaching competence of
pupil-teachers. For this purpose Descriptive Survey Method was used. The sample of 300 pupil –
teachers were selected from 6 colleges where 150 were from Punjab and 150 from Himachal
Pradesh. The investigator had to undertake the construction of a standardized, unbiased
Questionnaire. The data were mainly analyzed in terms of mean, standard deviation &‘t-test’ was
used to find out the significant difference. Researcher found Micro-teaching helps in bringing
desirable modification in the behaviour of pupil-teachers. There were exists no significant difference
in the level of performance among male and female pupil-teachers. It would help in reducing the
time normally taken in practice-teaching and would ensure better academic achievement on the part
of the pupil-teachers.
Keywords: - Micro-teaching, Pupil-teachers, Teaching competence, behavioural technology 

Kanchan Datta

TOURISM – SOME SIMPLE IDEA

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1332/1353

Tourism has emerged in this decade as the central pillar of the services economy and can uniquely help society to respond to global challenges if its growth is managed properly. Internationally tourism occupies a very important place in the economies of several countries. Governments all over the world are competing with each other in selling tourism and travel. The substantial growth of the tourism activity clearly marks tourism as one of the most remarkable economic and social phenomena of the past century. An attempt has been taken in this paper to through some light about tourism in Darjeeling. The name Darjeeling comes from the Tibetan words, Dorje (thunderbolt) and Ling (place or land), meaning the land of the thunderbolt. In 1835, Darjeeling was annexed by the East India Company from Sikkim. Prior to that, Darjeeling formed a part of Sikkim and for a brief period of Nepal.
So far Darjeeling is a Himalayan town in the Indian state of West Bengal. (After the independence of India in 1947, Darjeeling was merged with the state of West Bengal). A separate district of Darjeeling was established consisting of the hill towns of Darjeeling, Kurseong, Kalimpong and 

Neeru Sharma

SCIENTIFIC CREATIVITY IN RELATION TO COGNITIVE STYLE AND ACHIEVEMENT IN SCIENCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1354/1363

The aim of present paper was to study the influence of Cognitive Style, Achievement in
Science and their Interaction on Scientific Creativity of secondary school students. Total 205
students of classes IX and X (mean age 14.8 Years) studying in schools affiliated to Central Board of
Secondary Education were taken as sample. Standardized tools, namely, Group Embedded Figures
Test by Witkin, Oltman, Raskin and Karp (1971), Scientific Creativity Test by Majumdar (1982)
were used to collect data. Marks of students from school records were taken as a measure of their
achievement in science. The data were analysed using 2 × 3 Analysis of Variance. Field Independent
Students had significantly higher Scientific Creativity than Field Dependent Students. Also, Students
with High Achievement in Science had significantly higher scientific creativity than students with
Low Achievement in Science.
Key Words: Scientific Creativity, Cognitive Style, Field independent, Field dependent and
Achievement in Science 

Y. Rajlakshmi Devi

THE RURAL PEOPLE AND HIGHER EDUCATION: A BIG CHALLENGE

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1365/1371

Education has spread its wings from Local schools to Global Universities. Strengthening the
roots of global education has become the trend with most of the countries. Always a sound
and effective system of education result in the development of learner’s potentialities,
enlargement of their competencies and transformation of their interest, attitude and values.
Recognizing such an enormous potential education, all societies of this earth have committed
themselves for this quality education at all levels. However, higher education has also great
potential in this respect. But it is accessible only a small urban section of the society. It is
true that in India, for the enhancement of higher education in rural areas UGC has enhanced
various interventions. But it is illusion to us and become a critical dimension. We are
spending a large budget for better provision and higher enrolment from rural mass but result
is scanty. It is because-Heavy gaps in research findings and policy formulation, we are
unable to understand, “how to do and what to do?” Which are essential in Higher education,
Gaps in relationship between access and quality, Arrival of new ICTs develop illumination in
the rural learners’ mind, Gaps in Brain Drain to Brain Gain, Inability to realize the
importance of higher education in life by the rural people, Lack of information and
instrument collaboration among rural institutions, Unable to localizing the approach, 

Uday Singh

MORAL JUDGMENT OF ADOLESCENTS IN RELATION TO INTELLIGENCE GENDER AND LOCALE

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1372/1381

Moral values are the soul of any society and moral foundations are a must for social in all
societies. The study of moral development of learners is important because the childhood is
the period while moral development takes place. In the course of moral development,
children obtain values from the family members, teachers, community, public figures and
ancestors etc. Present study is an attempt towards judgment which involves the cognitive
capacity and insight to see the relationship between abstract principles and concrete
situations as right or wrong. Keeping in view the knowledge of moral standards that is the
byproduct of adolescents’ general social experiments which enables them to evaluate
worthiness or unworthiness of actions as good or bad. The female students have shown better
moral judgment than their male counterparts. So, it may be derived that gender is an
important factor which influences the level of moral judgment. Students of higher intelligence
groups have shown significantly better moral judgment than their low intelligence
counterparts. Hence, it may be generalized that intelligence is one of the prominent
determinants of moral judgment. 

A.R.Anandha krishnaveni

ATTITUDE TOWARDS INNOVATIVE PRACTICES IN TEACHING AND LEARNING MATHEMATICS IN SCHOOLS

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1382/1392

The current research aims to study the attitude towards innovative practices among the
teachers working in English medium schools. Mathematics is highly abstract. It is concerned
with ideas rather than objects. The teaching and learning of mathematics is a complex
activity and many factors determine the success of this activity. So it is the need of the hour to
utilize the innovations to make the teaching and learning process a quality one.
The investigators had employed descriptive method using survey technique and also had used
stratified random sampling to draw the sample. The strata used were male, female, married,
unmarried, U.G and P.G qualification. The sample consists of 100 teachers working in
English medium schools in Rajapalayam. A three point scale constructed and validated by
the investigators was used to gather the data. Mean, standard deviation and‘t’ test were the
statistics used to analyse the data. It was revealed that majority of the teachers working in
English medium schools have average level of attitude towards innovative practices in
teaching and learning mathematics. Significant difference was found between teachers
working in English medium schools in their attitude towards innovative practice with respect
to marital status. No significant difference was found between teachers working in English 

Mohd Talib Ather Ansari

OPEN AND DISTANCE LEARNING: AN ADVOCACY TOOL TO ENHANCE ANDRAGOGY LEARNING

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1394/1404

In this paper we are delighted to be able to advocate the open and distance learning as a
tool, which we are sure will provide open and distance learner with a means and an
opportunity to highlight the contribution they make, through working with professionals and
leaders, The open and distance learning is worldwide service and the heart of andragogy as
open and distance learning motivated adults to learn cause of internal factors, such as self
esteem, desire for recognition, natural curiosity, innate love learning, better quality of life,
greater self confidence and the opportunity to self actualize which itself is learning at its core
and empower the learners. The resources in open and distance learning can allow our needs,
imaginations and facilitate to learn needful. It introduces us new experiences and promotes
access to knowledge and enjoyment. It is important for ODL learner to become independent
user of information and disseminate information to attain professional excellence, open and
distance learning can motivate pupils and stimulate learning by providing the means to freely
pursue subjects which fully engage them. To do these things a distance learner must strive to
improve the standard of learning and get excellence and use it into community of practices.
Keywords: ODL, Andragogy, Heutagogy, disseminate information, learning community. 

Yajuvendrasinh L Jethwa

THE RELATIONSHIP OF RUNNING PERFORMANCE WITH SELECTED VARIABLES OF PHYSIOLOGY, AND BODY COMPOSITION

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1405/1413

The purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship of running performance with
the selected variables of physiology and body composition i.e. vital capacity, fatigue index
and BMI, body fat, and leg muscles mass. Vital capacity was measured by using peak flow
meter whereas Running Based Anaerobic Test (35m X 6) was applied to assess fatigue index.
BMI, body fat and leg muscles mass were measured by body composition analyzer. 37 boys,
age 10 to 18 years who regularly come to play one or the other game at sports club were
selected as the subjects for the study purpose. Product moment correlation coefficient test (r
at 0.05 level of significance) was applied to test hypothesis. Result of the study shows that
there is not any significant relationship found between running performance and vital
capacity. There is negative significant relationship between running performance and fatigue
index, and leg muscles mass whereas positive significant relationship between running
performance and BMI, and Body fat. 

Sneha Raikar & Kalpana Kharade

TRACING THE DEVELOPMENT OF PRESERVICE TEACHERS’ EFFICACY BELIEFS IN TEACHING ECONOMICS DURING EXPANDED MICROTEACHING.

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1415/1435

The present study investigated the development of teaching efficacy in pre-service teachers
before and after their engagement with the expanded microteaching programme in
compliance with Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) environment. In this
study, the expanded microteaching sessions were conducted to enhance efficacy beliefs of
PSETs in teaching economics effectively. This approach was tried with 20 PSETs in Pillai
College of Education & Research, Mumbai during the academic year 2012-13. The design of
the Intervention Programme used in the study was informed by a theoretical framework
derived from the literature in the fields of learning environments, expanded microteaching
approach, computer supported collaborative environment, community of learners and
efficacy beliefs about economic concepts. It was found that PSETs’ views of practicing
teaching changed positively and their efficacy beliefs augmented after the application of
expanded microteaching assessment task in CSCL environment. Consistent with Bandura’s
social cognitive theory, the inclusion of CSCL environment and expanded microteaching
experiences into economics methods course contributed to positive changes in PSETs’ beliefs
regarding economics teaching. performance and BMI, and Body fat.
 Key words: Preservice economics teachers, Economics teaching efficacy beliefs, micro teaching,
CSCL, expanded microteaching. 

Surinder Kumar Jindal

ATTITUDE OF STUDENTS TOWARDS ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION PROGRAMME WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO PUNJAB (INDIA)

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1436/1442

Purpose of the present study was to compare the attitude of urban-rural and male-female
secondary school students towards environmental education programme being implemented
in their schools and gender by locale interaction on their attitude. An Attitude Towards
Environmental Education Programme Scale (ATEEPS) was developed and used for the
study. Sample consisted of 1824 students of classes IX and X drawn from 36 schools selected
randomly from 6 different districts belonging to the three traditional geographical regions
(Majha, Malwa and Doaba) of the state of Punjab (India). The sampled schools were further
classified into three categories – large, medium and small-sized schools on the basis of the
size of student-population. From each of these schools, a cluster of first 80, 50 and 20
students, respectively, available as per roll numbers on the particular day of study was taken
up. Data analysis was done through 2-way 2x2 ANOVA. Urban-rural or male-female
secondary school students did not significantly differ in their attitude towards environmental
education programme. No differential effect of the one variable at the different levels of the
other variable was found to be there.
Key words: Attitude towards Environmental Education Programme, Environmental Education,
Attitude, Environmental Education Programme. 

Nivedita Deshmukh

A STUDY MARATHI FEMALE SAINT ‘KANHOPATRA’

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1443/1446

Saint Kanhopatra was one of the famous saints in Maharashtra. Her lyrics (Abhangas ) were
famous. She had given the message of ‘NAAM MAHATMYA’through her Ovi. Her life were
full of sorrow. She was devotee of Vitthal. She implores Vithoba to be her saviour and
release her from the clutches of her profession. She offered her life on the feet of Vitthal.
Researcher studied Kanhopatra’s life and literature through this research.
Key words: Maharashtra’s Saint Kanhopatra’s Life , Lyrics. 

S. Lakshmi Narayanan

ATTITUDE BUILDING, AN ESSENTIAL COMPONENT OF TEACHER EDUCATION

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1447/1450

The teacher’s role in the classroom demands knowledge, vision, self motivation and values.
With the implementation of Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation up to secondary level
aiming at all round development of students, demands right attitude and service mind from
the teachers. While teacher education is the process of making these teachers, its curriculum
and training methodologies should have an adequate ingredient of all the above mentioned
attributes on demand in modern era. Teachers with right frame of mind and positive attitude
are the need of the hour in the current scenario.
Key words: Attitude , skills, teacher education 

Sanjay Kumar Sharma & Sonam Bansal

TEACHER EDUCATION FOR LIBERATING LEARNING

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1451/1462

“Education is not filling a bucket, but lighting a fire!” (William Butler Yeats).
Education happens in many contexts –at home, among friends, at school, other activities, etc–All
of our vital experiences make us grow and mature; some more than others, some otherwise than
others. By their ability to make learners experiment many real situations, active learning methods
make learning easier, acting as a catalyser and reducing the gap between theoretical knowledge
and practical skills. They allow the full development of the person using some natural impulses –
discovery, experimentation, meeting diversity, etc. This sort of experiential learning enhances a
practical approach when coping with new or unusual situations. In the 21st century this is an
asset for everyday life. People do not learn only at school, but also outside. We test and we also
learn about life through our body, our senses, all our emotions and sensibility. The educator, as a
facilitator, has a key role to support this situational learning process – which makes him, indeed,
a tutor. As talent liberators, these pedagogies want to help young people discover and develop
their full potential to find their own path of life. Many educational trends have developed
strategies for learning beyond traditional school curriculum. The child or learner is no longer
someone into whom knowledge is poured; he becomes the master of his own learning. The child
becomes the one who develops his multiple intelligences: he himself can choose what he will
learn. Thus, through active teaching, he will choose not just for himself but also for and with his
community of peers – sharing projects, organization and action. This vision of the human being – 

Garima Tyagi

CONTROL OF DIABETES MELLITUS BY THE USE OF POMEGRANATE RIND EXTRACT

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1463/1468

Rind also known as trash, waste, garbage, junk, litter, is unwanted or useless materials. Waste is
directly linked to human development, both technologically and socially. Waste is sometimes a
subjective concept, because items that some people discard may have value to others. It is widely
recognized that waste materials are a valuable resource. Such concepts are colloquially expressed
in western culture by such idioms as
“One man’s trash is another man’s treasure.”
To prove this idiom, use of pomegranate rind extract is an appreciable effort. Proper utilization of
rind is helpful in controlling diabetes and also leads to eco safe environment at no extra cost.
Diabetes mellitus is a spectrum of inherited and acquired disorder that is characterized by
elevated circulating blood glucose levels. 

Payel Ganguly

DISCOURSE ON INNOVATIVE TEACHING PRACTICES

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1469/1477

It is pertinent to state that the teachers are the hub to quality education. Teachers must
update, enrich and renew self in order to master the new method of teaching. It means that
innovative teaching strategies are undertaken due to those needs to cope with pressure and
problems from the social changes the need to utilize research findings geared towards
teaching and learning, the need to explore opportunities with potential for education that is
more relevant to the world and at the same time facilitating effective teaching and learning
process. We are all that the realities of today’s high complexities of tomorrow’s world. These
hands must be on desk to help teachers and students broaden their skills competencies if they
are operate effective in the present world.
Key words: innovation, reform, change, innovative teaching practices, teaching methodology. 

Prasara V P

MODES OF RESISTANCE IN DALIT FEMINISM: AN INSIGHT INTO BAMA’S SANGATI

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1206/1214

Dalit literature is a recent form of subaltern literature with its prime focus on the social
ostracization and marginalization of the oppressed communities like Scheduled Castes,
Scheduled Tribes and religious minorities. Dalit literature and dalit activism became
rampant in the twentieth century especially in Southern India. In Tamil Nadu a laudable
attempt to couple penniyam (feminism) and dalityam (dalit studies) has been recorded by
Bama, whose Sangati speaks of the hitherto unheard annals of dalit women. Through
Sangati, Bama tries to bounce back the bi-fold oppression of dalit women. Sangati is more of
a celebration of dalit female identity. Bama\\\'s women are no longer subjugated; they assert
their individuality through education and collective action. Their resistance - both passive
and active to oppression makes Sangati a piquant depiction of the Dalit cause. The paper
titled "Modes of Resistance in Dalit Feminism: An Insight into Bama\\\'s Sangati" dissects the
stark realities of dalit lives and their commendable attempts to upraise socially.
Key words: Iran’s Import-Export-Shahid Rajaee Terminal Container 

Vivek Nath Tripathi & Krishna Pal

QUALITY CONCERN IN EDUCATION THROUGH GLOBALISATION OF EDUCATION SYSTEM IN INDIA.

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1495/1502

Quality Teachers for quality education and many events are taking place around the world to
promote the ideal from the grassroots on up to the highest levels of government. We can not
wait for the government to do it all for the quality concerns in Education as globalization
operates on internet time in the fast moving happenings throughout the world .Globalization
which does mean the opening of the door to the world in each aspect of economic sphere
which happens to be transfer of technology , resources ,manpower , skill, to the foreign
countries as well as that of the foreign countries transfer to our countries.Education being
the fundamental aspect of economic reform and so if the basic pillar of the country
strengthened then it is obvious nature that economy will grow at a very high rate in the
globalized economy. Globalization and education is closely related to each other. Since new
econo,ic policy (1991) , Indian economy adopted the broad policy of globalization,
privatization, and liberalization through which globalization of education system happens to
be the icon of the modern Indian economy who dreams to be the developed country by 2020
as said by A.P.J .Abdul Kalam , former president of India.Globalization of the Indian
education system does necessitates the popular notions of the one world , global villagewhich predominantly contributed for the rise of living standards , improvement in health and
education , technology advancement , especially in the area of communication and computers
during this period . In this paper , the authors intends to find out , how quality concerns in
the education is the major aspects due to the happenings of globalization of education system
. The most important and the urgent reform needed in the education while relates the basic
needs of the life and aspirations of the people also fulfill the broad objective of education i.e
the overall development of the human being as stated by M. K. Gandhi . This paper also
intends to find out how due to globalization social , economic, and cultural transformation is
necessary to modify the National goal as it happens to increases the productivity of the
people which accelerates social and National integration through the process of
modernization which cultivates social , moral, and spiritual values in the globalized
world.the potential use of teacher profiles to drive staff development and academic

improvement is explored.
 

R.D.Mistry

COMPARISON OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN RELATION TO SEX, SES AND LOCAL OF SCHOOLS

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1503/1508

The study is aimed at comparing Emotional Intelligence of groups in pairs classified on the basis
of sex, locale of school and their SES. Survey the method used and the study was conducted on a
representative sample of 450 standard IX pupils drawn from the two Tahasils of Dhule District of
Maharashtra. The findings revealed that boys and girls are nearly same at their emotional
intelligence level. But, Low SES and High SES, Urban and Rural pupils are differ in all
dimensions of Emotional Intelligence. 

R.D.Mistry

STUDY OF CORRELATION BETWEEN EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND ACHIEVEMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1509/1516

The study is aimed at finding the relationship between the components of Emotional Intelligence
and the Achievement facilitating variables – sex, local of school and SES. Sunny was the method
used and the study was conducted on a representative sample of 450 standard IX pupils drawn
from the Dhule district of Maharashtra. The findings revealed that there exist a marked
significant relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Achievement facilitating variable 

Preeti Oza

LITERATURE OF BIAS: INTERCULTURAL AND CROSS-BORDER COMPARISONS BETWEEN DALIT LITERATURE AND BLACK AMERICAN WRITINGS

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1517/1527

Dalit and Black American communities have had similar experiences of historical
marginalization which gave rise to their cumulative shame as well as anger. The contribution of
Dalit literature has been immense: (i) First and foremost, it effectively threatened the Brahmanic
hegemony from literature (ii) Second, is concentrated Dalit masses for assertion, protest and
mobilization. (iii) Third is stirred up thinking in Dalit intellectuals and catalyzed creation of
organic intellectuals of Dalits. (iv) Fourth, given that the level of literacy been particularly low
among Dalits, the emergence of Dalit literature where both the writers and readers are mostly
Dalits, is itself an evidence of a profound change taking place in Indian society.
Similarly, the ever changing nature of American life and the vigorous versatility and all
encompassing spread of a written record are the marks of American literature. It is an accepted
fact that social forces do make a distinct imprint on literature, especially in America where the
democratic processes bring the people into immediate familiarity with cultural forces and
American literature has responded admirably to such pressures. Literature can become a bridge
that connects the past with the present emphasizing the diachronic value of certain texts. It also
help the nation , community and individual to reconsider their priorities. It can reaffirm the
belief in the unity of mankind all across the globe.
Key-words: Marginalization, Dalit literature, Black Amrican writings 

Ritu Madhan & Deepa Rathi

ENVIRONMENT SUSTENANCE THROUGH WATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1535/1542

Laundry forms an invisible yet important part of the hospitality business by making a statement for
the quality of services offered. Laundering procedures followed in hotels in India have made a
transition gradually moving from hand washing and pressing to mechanized laundries. Five star
hotels started having in-house laundries since 1970s. Research indicates in-house laundries give
the hotels benefits like maintaining high standards of quality, reduce the stocks required, increase
self sufficiency and flexibility while maintaining consumer satisfaction.
Thus the objective was to study the amount of water used by an in-house laundry, evaluate the
quality of water and assess the amount of chemicals in the drain water after the process of
laundering. The study was conducted in five star hotels in Mumbai. Tools employed to collect the
data were multi-method such as questionnaire and interview schedule, sample collection andtesting (fresh water and drain water samples). Tests were conducted to evaluate the quality of
water and to assess the nature and amount of residual chemicals in the drain water.
The results reveal that the hotels having in-house laundries maintain the quality of water used, by
conducting daily checks on the fresh water. Results from the data collected show that the drain
water is filtered in effluent treatment plants and reused for gardening and flushing purposes. 2% of
the entire water used for laundering is drained. Stringent checks at all points by the hotels ensure
that the residual chemicals in the drain water do not exceed specified limits as standardized by the
Pollution Control Board, thus ensuring an eco-friendly environment.
Key-words
In-house laundries: Fully functional laundry situated within the hotel premises
Five star hotels: Hotels accredited with five star rating by FHRAI
Dhobi-ghats: Open air Laundromats
Commercial out-source laundry vendor: Establishment undertaking washing and pressing of soiled
linen for institutions
 

Jasraj Kaur

A STUDY OF ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF COLLEGE STUDENTS HAVING HIGH AND LOW ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1560/1566

The aim of the present study was to study the academic achievement of college students having high
and low achievement motivation. The sample comprised of 100 college students of Patiala district of
Punjab. The research tools used were Personal Data Form and Deo-Mohan Achievement
Motivation Scale by Deo-Mohan (2002). The findings indicated that the students having high
achievement motivation were better in academic achievement than the students having low
achievement motivation.

Suresh Chandra R. Joshi

EFFECT OF CAI PROGRAM ON IMMEDIATE AND LONG TERM RECALL

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1567/1572

The purpose of this study was to find out whether method using instructional technology is
more effective teaching tool than tradition teaching method to produce immediate and long term
recall of information. Experimental research method was used to conduct the study. The sample for
the study comprised 60 students of X std. placed in two equal groups. CAI and lecture methods were
used to teach contents of mensuration. One group was taught by lecture method and other group
was set for self learning using CAI program. Findings of the study reveal that students recall 72%
information after 3 hours and 21% after one week. Results of the study also show that CAI group
was more effective for immediate recall.
Key Words : CAI Program , Immediate Recall , Long Term Recall 

Suhas Nivrutti Bhairat

AREAS & TECHNIQUES IN SPORT PSYCHOLOGY

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1573/1580

Sports psychology consists combined study of Kinesiology and Psychology. It shows effect of participation in sports & exercise affects psychological & physical factors. Personality, Youth Sports, Coaching, Team Dynamics, Evolutionary perspectives are common areas of study in Sports Psychology. Arousal regulation, Goal setting, Imagery, Preperformance routines, Self-talk are commonly used Techniques in Sports Psychology  

Navnath Tupe & Jyoti Kamble

MICRO FINANCE & MICRO CREDIT AS A SOLUTIONS FOR THE INCOME, CONSUMPTION AND INVESTMENT OF WOMEN THROUGH SHG IN MAHARASHTRA

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1581/1590

The present study assess the benefits of micro finance and micro credit through SHG especially in Maharashtra and the benefits in terms of income, consumption and investment for the women Entrepreneurs working in SHGs. The focus is made on the working scenario and the role of the institutions like NABARD to meet the adequate requirement of the SHG. While in some situation the role of microfinance is found quite unsatisfactory due to some deprivations like caste, gender, landlessness & illiteracy. But the noteworthy is that in terms of distribution of loan and small finance cycle is regulating in a proper channel due the Cluster of SHGs to the women entrepreneurs. The domestic violence and equality is reduced with the participation of the women in the economic activities. 

A. N. Tamragundi & Arjun D Koli

RETAIL MARKETING

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1591/1600

Indian retailing is being seen as a potential goldmine. India Ranks Fifth among the top 30 emerging
markets for retail in the current year. Government of India has also opened the door for the retailing
giants to enter into the markets. So the Indian retailing business play a significant role, as compared
to other countries and the retailing industry in India is divided into organized and unorganized
sector, but the Indian retail sector is highly fragmented with a major share of its business is being
run by unorganized retailers (more then 93 per cent) like the traditional family run stores and
corner stores. The organized retail sector (only 7 per cent) in India is still at a developmental stage,
characterized by a very small number of players trying to create a new paradigm. The major
challenges before organized sectors are to shift the customer purchasing practices from unorganized
to organized stores. But the organized retail stores are still failed to understand the buying behavior
of Indian customers. Availability of Technology and skilled labour is another major challenge of
organized sector.
But, apart from these challenges, India’s booming economy is a major source of opportunity. It is
the third largest in the world in terms of purchasing power. India is the second fastest growing
major economy in the world. The Indian consumer spend average grocery at 42% of monthly, so it is
major opportunity to organized and unorganized sectors to concentrate more on grocery and other
food items. 

Satvinderpal Kaur

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PUBLIC EXPENDITURE ON EDUCATION

May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6, Page - 1601/1608

Education is the tool for social, economic and cultural development of the nation. For the development of sound system of higher education it is required that it should be adequately funded and financed by the state. A comparative analysis reveals that the success story of developed nations is better traced through their public expenditure on education. Percentage share of public expenditure of developed nations always remained more than that of developing nations. Public expenditure on education for India is an embarrassingly low ratio even by the standards of other developing countries.Sweden and Norway have highest ranking in Human Development Index (HDI) also have highest public expenditure on education.Within India an interstate comparison shows that annual government expenditure per student is least (Rs. 371) in Assam and highest (Rs.1709) in Himachal Pradesh. This corresponding figure is Rs. 688 for all India. When compared with per student expenditure by private it is emerged that in India, Punjab and Haryana have high ratios of privatization of school education and annual private expenditure per student is approximately four times as compared to government expenditure per student.