May-Jun,2013, Vol - 1/6
An International Peer Reviewed
Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies
SOCIO -CULTURAL CONSEQUENCES OF GLOBALIZATION IN HOUSING PATTERNThis paper aims to study the effect of globalization upon the society and culture. The processof globalization presents members of the society a great many choices for changes indifferent domains of culture. These changes are reflected in housing pattern. Adaptations ofthese changes are further reflected in the changes in Behaviour pattern, Attitudes, Ideology,norms and values. Hence, the main objective of this study is to consider the changes inBehaviour pattern, Attitudes, Ideology, norms and values. N. Anderson (1961) observes thatthehouse is the place where family members do most of their television viewing, reading,indulging in hobbies and general relaxing. Most social contact with relatives and friendoccurs in the context of the home. Modernization in Iran dates back to a century ago.However, the modernization process in Iran, just one hundred and fifty years old, hassuffered from much turbulence both permeated and unmediated with peculiar social andcultural consequences. (Vida Nassehi, 1985). Research of Methodology in this paper isSystematic sampling. Systematic sampling another design that gives each unit an equalselection probability. This research was undertaken in the city of Kelardasht, a city inMazandaran in Iran. Kelardasht has a semi-traditional structure which has undergonetremendous changes due to the process of modernization this town and the surrounding
DEVELOPING COMMUNICATIVE SKILLS USING TECHNOLOGYThe paper attempts to explore the use of technology to enhance communicative skills ofthe learner. In the typical Indian classroom, the teacher is constrained to teach a set of hundredstudents and more. The situation multiplies the responsibility of the teacher, turning theclassroom all sound and fury and the teaching activity is a laborious process. The context makesa rare phenomenon individualized teaching where the need of every learner is taken care of. Thestudent remains spiritless and unenthusiastic for he finds himself as an insignificant, unnoticedindividual lost in a maddening crowd. It is at this critical juncture modern technologicalequipments, otherwise called new instructional media, came to the rescue of the teacher andlearner and solved two major problems. It let the pace of learning be determined by the learnerhimself, and it made use of lessons prepared by the best teachers to thousands of learners.Key words: Computer, Internet, Web, Email
AN INTERSECTING FUNCTIONALITY OF DATAMINING AND STATISTICS.Statistics is the collection tabulation analysis and interpretation of dataselected for specific studies, Data mining is the technique to extract the hiddenpattern from the large database for decision making purpose of any organization.Since both the fields are dealing with the large database and analyze and interpretit therefore both the fields are having some similarity. This paper examines thenature of both the disciplines and discusses its similarity and differences.
IMPACT OF URBANIZATION ON EDUCATION SYSTEM AMONG THE BASERI TRIBE IN MARVDASHT OF IRANThe present paper deals with the impact of urbanization on education system ofBaseri tribe in Marvdasht of Iran. The impact of Urbanization in the educationsystem of Baseris has studied through understanding the continuity and change invarious aspect of education system of the Baseris. In this study the main aim is toexplore the education system among Baseris in Marvdasht city.The data shows that the change of education system due to impact of urbanizationon the Baseris.Key words: Urbanization, education system, Baseri tribe
THE INDICATION OF CURRENT IMPORT-EXPORT OF IRAN IN THE CASE OF BANDAR-ABBAS PORT AND SHAHID RAJAEE TERMINAL CONTAINERThis study aims to analyses the potential role of Iranian ports for carrying a part ofcontainerized cargo, which under present circumstances would be transported via‘traditional’ shipping routes. By considering the shorter Iranian route in linking theEuropean Union and Asia in terms of time and cost in comparison with the traditionalshipping route, the scenario of a ‘route via Iran’ is proposed. This scenario reflects away to extend the global supply chain and accelerate integration of the Commonwealth ofIndependent States (CIS) and Eastern European countries into the globalization process.Iran, as a historical transit route, could play a new role in the changing world. After1985an increasing amount of containerized cargo has been transported between South East Asiaand Western Europe. In this study, a scenario analysis was employed as a research tool togenerate a ‘route via-Iran’ scenario.Key words: Iran’s Import-Export-Shahid Rajaee Terminal Container
VIRTUAL UNIVERSITIES: A STEP TOWARDS GLOBALIZATION (EXPERIENCES OF INDIA AND IRAN)The main purpose of this paper was to study Virtual Universities as a step towards universaland globalization of higher education in India and Iran. These Universities purposefullyextending some new services and general courses in-university to the students and have beenpresenting e-services. In fact, this new phenomena has produced to develop ICT and thisepidemic is natural respond of universal higher education to the globalization. AlthoughTraditional learning are in versus developing virtual Universities due to novelty services andfacilities, new phenomena confront Traditional learning especially in developing countriessuch as India and Iran. Virtual Universities are strong rivals according to their situation indistributing social, economical, geographical area, which can suppose a silent rivalry oftechnical, cultural, scientific aspects between them. Despite of different types of virtualUniversities and difficulty in recognizing it there are different models of classification ofvirtual Universities on the basis of object, cost and services etc. There are several reasons forhaving challenges in Virtual Universities in every country of higher education. India and Iranare two low speed countries (developing countries) that aren’t exception to this rule. Thispaper discusses the issues and current challenges, types and process which are reboundingand transiting towards the second revolution in Virtual Universities of India and Iran, ascompare to international successful Virtual Universities
DEVELOPMENT OF ACTIVITY BASED PROGRAM ON CREATIVITY AND TESTING ITS EFFECTIVENESSThis study was conducted an experimental to find out the effectiveness of the activity basedprogram (ABP) on development of creativity on standard VII students in English medium school inpune city. To test hypothesis, a pre-test and post-test equivalent group design was used (50 studentsas control group and 50 students as experimental group).Baqer Mehdi, non -verbal (TCF) test wasused for pre-test as well as post-test. The result indicated that, the program developed by theresearcher had a significant effect on creative thinking of students. The mean in the post-test ofexperimental group was significantly higher than the mean in post-test of the control group. Theprogram helped in improvement of the imagination and novelty of idea on students.Keywords: Creativity, VII Standard Pupils, Activity Based Program (ABP)
A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF EFFECTIVENESS OF ONLINE LEARNING AND TRADITIONAL FACE TO FACE LEARNING AT SECONDARY LEVELTechnology is revolutionizing education today. The present study was undertaken tocompare the effectiveness of online learning and traditional face to face learning atsecondary school level.The sample of the study included total 80 students of class IXrandomly selected from of D.A.V. Senior Secondary School of Yamuna Nagar on thebasis of locality, parental occupational background and parental income. Two grouppretest posttest research design was used to conduct this study. Results from theanalysis of data reveled that students having rural background of both groups werenot differ significantly in pre-test and it was also found that students having rural
PERCEPTION OF NEWLY JOINED TEACHERS TOWARDS SOCIAL AND MORAL VALUESMorality is something that applies to all people universally. It is concerned with such questions asdo’s and don’ts, right and wrongs. The standards of morality determine the conduct of individualmembers of society. The infant immediately after birth is no different from any other animal at thetime of birth. But the child rapidly develops into a human being .As the child grows physically itacquires motor skills along with social skills by social environment. In this process of growth anddevelopment into human being, a sort of metamorphosis also takes place which is referred to asmoral development. Moral devepment results from one are increasing ability to perceive socialreality and to organize and integrate social experiences.The philosophy about value is that, value should help any one to seek the real knowledge and goal oflife in a righteous manner. It is equally important to ensure that the youth are equipped with corevalues needed to live as responsible citizens in complex democratic societies. The need for valueeducation has been stressed by all the commissions set up for educational development viz., Radha Krishna commission (1948), Sri prakasa committee on religious and moral instructions , Kotharicommission (1964-66),National policy on education(1986).The programme of Action (1992) emphasized value education as an integral part of schoolcurriculum. Ultimately the responsibility of imparting value education is on the shoulders ofteachers. So to impart value education the teacher him self should be equipped with values .For thishe should have the ability to perceive social reality and to organize and integrate social experiences.This leads him to become a man of values and this development helps the teacher to impart valueeducation successfully.So the teachers, especially the newly joined teachers as they are in growing up of teachingprofession, their perception towards moral and social values places significant role.
METACOGNITIVE AWARENESS IN SCIENCE CLASSROOM OF HIGHER SECONDARY STUDENTSMetacognition is the awareness one has about his/her thinking process and how he/she isable to control these processes. This study aims at examining the effects of inquiry based learningand cooperative learning on metacognitive awareness in science class room. A quasi experimentaldesign involving three groups namely, two treatment groups- inquiry based learning andcooperative learning and control group was adopted. Standardized tool developed by Schraw andDennision(1994) was used to measure metacognitive awareness in three groups. Results revealedthat students in cooperative learning received higher metacognitive awareness compared to othergroups. The researchers recommend that cooperative learning be adopted regularly in classroom toenhance metacognitive awareness of higher secondary students.
A COMPARISON OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE CONSTRUCTIVIST AND THE TRADITIONAL APPROACH IN THE TEACHING OF ENGLISH AS PERCEIVED BY STUDENT TEACHERSLanguage learning is a process that requires an active engagement of learners in knowledgebuilding activities. Constructivism is a philosophy that believes in creating newer and betterunderstandings through dissonance and disequilibrium. Teacher education has the responsibility tomake student teachers challenge existing assumptions and beliefs. Traditional Indian classrooms areplagued with huge numbers making the practice of student centered approaches a very dauntingtask. Future teachers ought to be exposed to progressive approaches to teaching English and madeto apply them in the classrooms to analyze the implications. The study has analyzed the perceptionof student teachers regarding the Constructivist as well as Traditional Approaches. The studentteachers were initiated to the Constructivist Approach and made to apply it in the teaching ofEnglish Grammar and Composition. The findings indicate that the student teachers perceived the
WORK STRESS AND ITS MANAGEMENTStress is a prevalent and costly problem in today\'s workplace. About one-third of workers reporthigh levels of stress. One-quarter of employees view their jobs as the number one stressor in theirlives. Three-quarters of employees believe the worker has more on-the-job stress than a generationago. Stress is the major cause of turnover in organizations. With continued stress at the workplace,workers will develop psychological and physiological dysfunctions and decreased motivation inexcelling in their position. This research paper focuses on the understanding work stress, its effectand causal factors and methods for managing it.
IMPACT OF MICRO-TEACHING ON THE TEACHING COMPETENCE OF PUPIL - TEACHERS – A COMPARATIVE STUDYThe present study was aimed at studying the impact of micro-teaching on the teaching competence ofpupil-teachers. For this purpose Descriptive Survey Method was used. The sample of 300 pupil –teachers were selected from 6 colleges where 150 were from Punjab and 150 from HimachalPradesh. The investigator had to undertake the construction of a standardized, unbiasedQuestionnaire. The data were mainly analyzed in terms of mean, standard deviation &‘t-test’ wasused to find out the significant difference. Researcher found Micro-teaching helps in bringingdesirable modification in the behaviour of pupil-teachers. There were exists no significant differencein the level of performance among male and female pupil-teachers. It would help in reducing thetime normally taken in practice-teaching and would ensure better academic achievement on the partof the pupil-teachers.Keywords: - Micro-teaching, Pupil-teachers, Teaching competence, behavioural technology
TOURISM – SOME SIMPLE IDEATourism has emerged in this decade as the central pillar of the services economy and can uniquely help society to respond to global challenges if its growth is managed properly. Internationally tourism occupies a very important place in the economies of several countries. Governments all over the world are competing with each other in selling tourism and travel. The substantial growth of the tourism activity clearly marks tourism as one of the most remarkable economic and social phenomena of the past century. An attempt has been taken in this paper to through some light about tourism in Darjeeling. The name Darjeeling comes from the Tibetan words, Dorje (thunderbolt) and Ling (place or land), meaning the land of the thunderbolt. In 1835, Darjeeling was annexed by the East India Company from Sikkim. Prior to that, Darjeeling formed a part of Sikkim and for a brief period of Nepal.So far Darjeeling is a Himalayan town in the Indian state of West Bengal. (After the independence of India in 1947, Darjeeling was merged with the state of West Bengal). A separate district of Darjeeling was established consisting of the hill towns of Darjeeling, Kurseong, Kalimpong and
SCIENTIFIC CREATIVITY IN RELATION TO COGNITIVE STYLE AND ACHIEVEMENT IN SCIENCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTSThe aim of present paper was to study the influence of Cognitive Style, Achievement inScience and their Interaction on Scientific Creativity of secondary school students. Total 205students of classes IX and X (mean age 14.8 Years) studying in schools affiliated to Central Board ofSecondary Education were taken as sample. Standardized tools, namely, Group Embedded FiguresTest by Witkin, Oltman, Raskin and Karp (1971), Scientific Creativity Test by Majumdar (1982)were used to collect data. Marks of students from school records were taken as a measure of theirachievement in science. The data were analysed using 2 × 3 Analysis of Variance. Field IndependentStudents had significantly higher Scientific Creativity than Field Dependent Students. Also, Studentswith High Achievement in Science had significantly higher scientific creativity than students withLow Achievement in Science.Key Words: Scientific Creativity, Cognitive Style, Field independent, Field dependent andAchievement in Science
THE RURAL PEOPLE AND HIGHER EDUCATION: A BIG CHALLENGEEducation has spread its wings from Local schools to Global Universities. Strengthening theroots of global education has become the trend with most of the countries. Always a soundand effective system of education result in the development of learner’s potentialities,enlargement of their competencies and transformation of their interest, attitude and values.Recognizing such an enormous potential education, all societies of this earth have committedthemselves for this quality education at all levels. However, higher education has also greatpotential in this respect. But it is accessible only a small urban section of the society. It istrue that in India, for the enhancement of higher education in rural areas UGC has enhancedvarious interventions. But it is illusion to us and become a critical dimension. We arespending a large budget for better provision and higher enrolment from rural mass but resultis scanty. It is because-Heavy gaps in research findings and policy formulation, we areunable to understand, “how to do and what to do?” Which are essential in Higher education,Gaps in relationship between access and quality, Arrival of new ICTs develop illumination inthe rural learners’ mind, Gaps in Brain Drain to Brain Gain, Inability to realize theimportance of higher education in life by the rural people, Lack of information andinstrument collaboration among rural institutions, Unable to localizing the approach,
MORAL JUDGMENT OF ADOLESCENTS IN RELATION TO INTELLIGENCE GENDER AND LOCALEMoral values are the soul of any society and moral foundations are a must for social in allsocieties. The study of moral development of learners is important because the childhood isthe period while moral development takes place. In the course of moral development,children obtain values from the family members, teachers, community, public figures andancestors etc. Present study is an attempt towards judgment which involves the cognitivecapacity and insight to see the relationship between abstract principles and concretesituations as right or wrong. Keeping in view the knowledge of moral standards that is thebyproduct of adolescents’ general social experiments which enables them to evaluateworthiness or unworthiness of actions as good or bad. The female students have shown bettermoral judgment than their male counterparts. So, it may be derived that gender is animportant factor which influences the level of moral judgment. Students of higher intelligencegroups have shown significantly better moral judgment than their low intelligencecounterparts. Hence, it may be generalized that intelligence is one of the prominentdeterminants of moral judgment.
ATTITUDE TOWARDS INNOVATIVE PRACTICES IN TEACHING AND LEARNING MATHEMATICS IN SCHOOLSThe current research aims to study the attitude towards innovative practices among theteachers working in English medium schools. Mathematics is highly abstract. It is concernedwith ideas rather than objects. The teaching and learning of mathematics is a complexactivity and many factors determine the success of this activity. So it is the need of the hour toutilize the innovations to make the teaching and learning process a quality one.The investigators had employed descriptive method using survey technique and also had usedstratified random sampling to draw the sample. The strata used were male, female, married,unmarried, U.G and P.G qualification. The sample consists of 100 teachers working inEnglish medium schools in Rajapalayam. A three point scale constructed and validated bythe investigators was used to gather the data. Mean, standard deviation and‘t’ test were thestatistics used to analyse the data. It was revealed that majority of the teachers working inEnglish medium schools have average level of attitude towards innovative practices inteaching and learning mathematics. Significant difference was found between teachersworking in English medium schools in their attitude towards innovative practice with respectto marital status. No significant difference was found between teachers working in English
OPEN AND DISTANCE LEARNING: AN ADVOCACY TOOL TO ENHANCE ANDRAGOGY LEARNINGIn this paper we are delighted to be able to advocate the open and distance learning as atool, which we are sure will provide open and distance learner with a means and anopportunity to highlight the contribution they make, through working with professionals andleaders, The open and distance learning is worldwide service and the heart of andragogy asopen and distance learning motivated adults to learn cause of internal factors, such as selfesteem, desire for recognition, natural curiosity, innate love learning, better quality of life,greater self confidence and the opportunity to self actualize which itself is learning at its coreand empower the learners. The resources in open and distance learning can allow our needs,imaginations and facilitate to learn needful. It introduces us new experiences and promotesaccess to knowledge and enjoyment. It is important for ODL learner to become independentuser of information and disseminate information to attain professional excellence, open anddistance learning can motivate pupils and stimulate learning by providing the means to freelypursue subjects which fully engage them. To do these things a distance learner must strive toimprove the standard of learning and get excellence and use it into community of practices.Keywords: ODL, Andragogy, Heutagogy, disseminate information, learning community.
THE RELATIONSHIP OF RUNNING PERFORMANCE WITH SELECTED VARIABLES OF PHYSIOLOGY, AND BODY COMPOSITIONThe purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship of running performance withthe selected variables of physiology and body composition i.e. vital capacity, fatigue indexand BMI, body fat, and leg muscles mass. Vital capacity was measured by using peak flowmeter whereas Running Based Anaerobic Test (35m X 6) was applied to assess fatigue index.BMI, body fat and leg muscles mass were measured by body composition analyzer. 37 boys,age 10 to 18 years who regularly come to play one or the other game at sports club wereselected as the subjects for the study purpose. Product moment correlation coefficient test (rat 0.05 level of significance) was applied to test hypothesis. Result of the study shows thatthere is not any significant relationship found between running performance and vitalcapacity. There is negative significant relationship between running performance and fatigueindex, and leg muscles mass whereas positive significant relationship between runningperformance and BMI, and Body fat.
TRACING THE DEVELOPMENT OF PRESERVICE TEACHERS’ EFFICACY BELIEFS IN TEACHING ECONOMICS DURING EXPANDED MICROTEACHING.The present study investigated the development of teaching efficacy in pre-service teachersbefore and after their engagement with the expanded microteaching programme incompliance with Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) environment. In thisstudy, the expanded microteaching sessions were conducted to enhance efficacy beliefs ofPSETs in teaching economics effectively. This approach was tried with 20 PSETs in PillaiCollege of Education & Research, Mumbai during the academic year 2012-13. The design ofthe Intervention Programme used in the study was informed by a theoretical frameworkderived from the literature in the fields of learning environments, expanded microteachingapproach, computer supported collaborative environment, community of learners andefficacy beliefs about economic concepts. It was found that PSETs’ views of practicingteaching changed positively and their efficacy beliefs augmented after the application ofexpanded microteaching assessment task in CSCL environment. Consistent with Bandura’ssocial cognitive theory, the inclusion of CSCL environment and expanded microteachingexperiences into economics methods course contributed to positive changes in PSETs’ beliefsregarding economics teaching. performance and BMI, and Body fat.Key words: Preservice economics teachers, Economics teaching efficacy beliefs, micro teaching,
CSCL, expanded microteaching.
ATTITUDE OF STUDENTS TOWARDS ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION PROGRAMME WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO PUNJAB (INDIA)Purpose of the present study was to compare the attitude of urban-rural and male-femalesecondary school students towards environmental education programme being implementedin their schools and gender by locale interaction on their attitude. An Attitude TowardsEnvironmental Education Programme Scale (ATEEPS) was developed and used for thestudy. Sample consisted of 1824 students of classes IX and X drawn from 36 schools selectedrandomly from 6 different districts belonging to the three traditional geographical regions(Majha, Malwa and Doaba) of the state of Punjab (India). The sampled schools were furtherclassified into three categories – large, medium and small-sized schools on the basis of thesize of student-population. From each of these schools, a cluster of first 80, 50 and 20students, respectively, available as per roll numbers on the particular day of study was takenup. Data analysis was done through 2-way 2x2 ANOVA. Urban-rural or male-femalesecondary school students did not significantly differ in their attitude towards environmentaleducation programme. No differential effect of the one variable at the different levels of theother variable was found to be there.Key words: Attitude towards Environmental Education Programme, Environmental Education,Attitude, Environmental Education Programme.
A STUDY MARATHI FEMALE SAINT ‘KANHOPATRA’Saint Kanhopatra was one of the famous saints in Maharashtra. Her lyrics (Abhangas ) werefamous. She had given the message of ‘NAAM MAHATMYA’through her Ovi. Her life werefull of sorrow. She was devotee of Vitthal. She implores Vithoba to be her saviour andrelease her from the clutches of her profession. She offered her life on the feet of Vitthal.Researcher studied Kanhopatra’s life and literature through this research.Key words: Maharashtra’s Saint Kanhopatra’s Life , Lyrics.
ATTITUDE BUILDING, AN ESSENTIAL COMPONENT OF TEACHER EDUCATIONThe teacher’s role in the classroom demands knowledge, vision, self motivation and values.With the implementation of Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation up to secondary levelaiming at all round development of students, demands right attitude and service mind fromthe teachers. While teacher education is the process of making these teachers, its curriculumand training methodologies should have an adequate ingredient of all the above mentionedattributes on demand in modern era. Teachers with right frame of mind and positive attitudeare the need of the hour in the current scenario.Key words: Attitude , skills, teacher education
TEACHER EDUCATION FOR LIBERATING LEARNING“Education is not filling a bucket, but lighting a fire!” (William Butler Yeats).Education happens in many contexts –at home, among friends, at school, other activities, etc–Allof our vital experiences make us grow and mature; some more than others, some otherwise thanothers. By their ability to make learners experiment many real situations, active learning methodsmake learning easier, acting as a catalyser and reducing the gap between theoretical knowledgeand practical skills. They allow the full development of the person using some natural impulses –discovery, experimentation, meeting diversity, etc. This sort of experiential learning enhances apractical approach when coping with new or unusual situations. In the 21st century this is anasset for everyday life. People do not learn only at school, but also outside. We test and we alsolearn about life through our body, our senses, all our emotions and sensibility. The educator, as afacilitator, has a key role to support this situational learning process – which makes him, indeed,a tutor. As talent liberators, these pedagogies want to help young people discover and developtheir full potential to find their own path of life. Many educational trends have developedstrategies for learning beyond traditional school curriculum. The child or learner is no longersomeone into whom knowledge is poured; he becomes the master of his own learning. The childbecomes the one who develops his multiple intelligences: he himself can choose what he willlearn. Thus, through active teaching, he will choose not just for himself but also for and with hiscommunity of peers – sharing projects, organization and action. This vision of the human being –
CONTROL OF DIABETES MELLITUS BY THE USE OF POMEGRANATE RIND EXTRACTRind also known as trash, waste, garbage, junk, litter, is unwanted or useless materials. Waste isdirectly linked to human development, both technologically and socially. Waste is sometimes asubjective concept, because items that some people discard may have value to others. It is widelyrecognized that waste materials are a valuable resource. Such concepts are colloquially expressedin western culture by such idioms as“One man’s trash is another man’s treasure.”To prove this idiom, use of pomegranate rind extract is an appreciable effort. Proper utilization ofrind is helpful in controlling diabetes and also leads to eco safe environment at no extra cost.Diabetes mellitus is a spectrum of inherited and acquired disorder that is characterized byelevated circulating blood glucose levels.
DISCOURSE ON INNOVATIVE TEACHING PRACTICESIt is pertinent to state that the teachers are the hub to quality education. Teachers mustupdate, enrich and renew self in order to master the new method of teaching. It means thatinnovative teaching strategies are undertaken due to those needs to cope with pressure andproblems from the social changes the need to utilize research findings geared towardsteaching and learning, the need to explore opportunities with potential for education that ismore relevant to the world and at the same time facilitating effective teaching and learningprocess. We are all that the realities of today’s high complexities of tomorrow’s world. Thesehands must be on desk to help teachers and students broaden their skills competencies if theyare operate effective in the present world.Key words: innovation, reform, change, innovative teaching practices, teaching methodology.
MODES OF RESISTANCE IN DALIT FEMINISM: AN INSIGHT INTO BAMA’S SANGATIDalit literature is a recent form of subaltern literature with its prime focus on the socialostracization and marginalization of the oppressed communities like Scheduled Castes,Scheduled Tribes and religious minorities. Dalit literature and dalit activism becamerampant in the twentieth century especially in Southern India. In Tamil Nadu a laudableattempt to couple penniyam (feminism) and dalityam (dalit studies) has been recorded byBama, whose Sangati speaks of the hitherto unheard annals of dalit women. ThroughSangati, Bama tries to bounce back the bi-fold oppression of dalit women. Sangati is more ofa celebration of dalit female identity. Bama\\\'s women are no longer subjugated; they asserttheir individuality through education and collective action. Their resistance - both passiveand active to oppression makes Sangati a piquant depiction of the Dalit cause. The papertitled "Modes of Resistance in Dalit Feminism: An Insight into Bama\\\'s Sangati" dissects thestark realities of dalit lives and their commendable attempts to upraise socially.Key words: Iran’s Import-Export-Shahid Rajaee Terminal Container
QUALITY CONCERN IN EDUCATION THROUGH GLOBALISATION OF EDUCATION SYSTEM IN INDIA.Quality Teachers for quality education and many events are taking place around the world topromote the ideal from the grassroots on up to the highest levels of government. We can notwait for the government to do it all for the quality concerns in Education as globalizationoperates on internet time in the fast moving happenings throughout the world .Globalizationwhich does mean the opening of the door to the world in each aspect of economic spherewhich happens to be transfer of technology , resources ,manpower , skill, to the foreigncountries as well as that of the foreign countries transfer to our countries.Education beingthe fundamental aspect of economic reform and so if the basic pillar of the countrystrengthened then it is obvious nature that economy will grow at a very high rate in theglobalized economy. Globalization and education is closely related to each other. Since newecono,ic policy (1991) , Indian economy adopted the broad policy of globalization,privatization, and liberalization through which globalization of education system happens tobe the icon of the modern Indian economy who dreams to be the developed country by 2020as said by A.P.J .Abdul Kalam , former president of India.Globalization of the Indianeducation system does necessitates the popular notions of the one world , global villagewhich predominantly contributed for the rise of living standards , improvement in health andeducation , technology advancement , especially in the area of communication and computersduring this period . In this paper , the authors intends to find out , how quality concerns inthe education is the major aspects due to the happenings of globalization of education system. The most important and the urgent reform needed in the education while relates the basicneeds of the life and aspirations of the people also fulfill the broad objective of education i.ethe overall development of the human being as stated by M. K. Gandhi . This paper alsointends to find out how due to globalization social , economic, and cultural transformation isnecessary to modify the National goal as it happens to increases the productivity of thepeople which accelerates social and National integration through the process ofmodernization which cultivates social , moral, and spiritual values in the globalizedworld.the potential use of teacher profiles to drive staff development and academic
improvement is explored.
COMPARISON OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN RELATION TO SEX, SES AND LOCAL OF SCHOOLSThe study is aimed at comparing Emotional Intelligence of groups in pairs classified on the basisof sex, locale of school and their SES. Survey the method used and the study was conducted on arepresentative sample of 450 standard IX pupils drawn from the two Tahasils of Dhule District ofMaharashtra. The findings revealed that boys and girls are nearly same at their emotionalintelligence level. But, Low SES and High SES, Urban and Rural pupils are differ in alldimensions of Emotional Intelligence.
STUDY OF CORRELATION BETWEEN EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND ACHIEVEMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTSThe study is aimed at finding the relationship between the components of Emotional Intelligenceand the Achievement facilitating variables – sex, local of school and SES. Sunny was the methodused and the study was conducted on a representative sample of 450 standard IX pupils drawnfrom the Dhule district of Maharashtra. The findings revealed that there exist a markedsignificant relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Achievement facilitating variable
LITERATURE OF BIAS: INTERCULTURAL AND CROSS-BORDER COMPARISONS BETWEEN DALIT LITERATURE AND BLACK AMERICAN WRITINGSDalit and Black American communities have had similar experiences of historicalmarginalization which gave rise to their cumulative shame as well as anger. The contribution ofDalit literature has been immense: (i) First and foremost, it effectively threatened the Brahmanichegemony from literature (ii) Second, is concentrated Dalit masses for assertion, protest andmobilization. (iii) Third is stirred up thinking in Dalit intellectuals and catalyzed creation oforganic intellectuals of Dalits. (iv) Fourth, given that the level of literacy been particularly lowamong Dalits, the emergence of Dalit literature where both the writers and readers are mostlyDalits, is itself an evidence of a profound change taking place in Indian society.Similarly, the ever changing nature of American life and the vigorous versatility and allencompassing spread of a written record are the marks of American literature. It is an acceptedfact that social forces do make a distinct imprint on literature, especially in America where thedemocratic processes bring the people into immediate familiarity with cultural forces andAmerican literature has responded admirably to such pressures. Literature can become a bridgethat connects the past with the present emphasizing the diachronic value of certain texts. It alsohelp the nation , community and individual to reconsider their priorities. It can reaffirm thebelief in the unity of mankind all across the globe.Key-words: Marginalization, Dalit literature, Black Amrican writings
ENVIRONMENT SUSTENANCE THROUGH WATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN HOSPITALITY INDUSTRYLaundry forms an invisible yet important part of the hospitality business by making a statement forthe quality of services offered. Laundering procedures followed in hotels in India have made atransition gradually moving from hand washing and pressing to mechanized laundries. Five starhotels started having in-house laundries since 1970s. Research indicates in-house laundries givethe hotels benefits like maintaining high standards of quality, reduce the stocks required, increaseself sufficiency and flexibility while maintaining consumer satisfaction.Thus the objective was to study the amount of water used by an in-house laundry, evaluate thequality of water and assess the amount of chemicals in the drain water after the process oflaundering. The study was conducted in five star hotels in Mumbai. Tools employed to collect thedata were multi-method such as questionnaire and interview schedule, sample collection andtesting (fresh water and drain water samples). Tests were conducted to evaluate the quality ofwater and to assess the nature and amount of residual chemicals in the drain water.The results reveal that the hotels having in-house laundries maintain the quality of water used, byconducting daily checks on the fresh water. Results from the data collected show that the drainwater is filtered in effluent treatment plants and reused for gardening and flushing purposes. 2% ofthe entire water used for laundering is drained. Stringent checks at all points by the hotels ensurethat the residual chemicals in the drain water do not exceed specified limits as standardized by thePollution Control Board, thus ensuring an eco-friendly environment.Key-wordsIn-house laundries: Fully functional laundry situated within the hotel premisesFive star hotels: Hotels accredited with five star rating by FHRAIDhobi-ghats: Open air LaundromatsCommercial out-source laundry vendor: Establishment undertaking washing and pressing of soiledlinen for institutions
A STUDY OF ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF COLLEGE STUDENTS HAVING HIGH AND LOW ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATIONThe aim of the present study was to study the academic achievement of college students having highand low achievement motivation. The sample comprised of 100 college students of Patiala district ofPunjab. The research tools used were Personal Data Form and Deo-Mohan AchievementMotivation Scale by Deo-Mohan (2002). The findings indicated that the students having highachievement motivation were better in academic achievement than the students having lowachievement motivation.
EFFECT OF CAI PROGRAM ON IMMEDIATE AND LONG TERM RECALLThe purpose of this study was to find out whether method using instructional technology ismore effective teaching tool than tradition teaching method to produce immediate and long termrecall of information. Experimental research method was used to conduct the study. The sample forthe study comprised 60 students of X std. placed in two equal groups. CAI and lecture methods wereused to teach contents of mensuration. One group was taught by lecture method and other groupwas set for self learning using CAI program. Findings of the study reveal that students recall 72%information after 3 hours and 21% after one week. Results of the study also show that CAI groupwas more effective for immediate recall.Key Words : CAI Program , Immediate Recall , Long Term Recall
AREAS & TECHNIQUES IN SPORT PSYCHOLOGYSports psychology consists combined study of Kinesiology and Psychology. It shows effect of participation in sports & exercise affects psychological & physical factors. Personality, Youth Sports, Coaching, Team Dynamics, Evolutionary perspectives are common areas of study in Sports Psychology. Arousal regulation, Goal setting, Imagery, Preperformance routines, Self-talk are commonly used Techniques in Sports Psychology
MICRO FINANCE & MICRO CREDIT AS A SOLUTIONS FOR THE INCOME, CONSUMPTION AND INVESTMENT OF WOMEN THROUGH SHG IN MAHARASHTRAThe present study assess the benefits of micro finance and micro credit through SHG especially in Maharashtra and the benefits in terms of income, consumption and investment for the women Entrepreneurs working in SHGs. The focus is made on the working scenario and the role of the institutions like NABARD to meet the adequate requirement of the SHG. While in some situation the role of microfinance is found quite unsatisfactory due to some deprivations like caste, gender, landlessness & illiteracy. But the noteworthy is that in terms of distribution of loan and small finance cycle is regulating in a proper channel due the Cluster of SHGs to the women entrepreneurs. The domestic violence and equality is reduced with the participation of the women in the economic activities.
RETAIL MARKETINGIndian retailing is being seen as a potential goldmine. India Ranks Fifth among the top 30 emergingmarkets for retail in the current year. Government of India has also opened the door for the retailinggiants to enter into the markets. So the Indian retailing business play a significant role, as comparedto other countries and the retailing industry in India is divided into organized and unorganizedsector, but the Indian retail sector is highly fragmented with a major share of its business is beingrun by unorganized retailers (more then 93 per cent) like the traditional family run stores andcorner stores. The organized retail sector (only 7 per cent) in India is still at a developmental stage,characterized by a very small number of players trying to create a new paradigm. The majorchallenges before organized sectors are to shift the customer purchasing practices from unorganizedto organized stores. But the organized retail stores are still failed to understand the buying behaviorof Indian customers. Availability of Technology and skilled labour is another major challenge oforganized sector.But, apart from these challenges, India’s booming economy is a major source of opportunity. It isthe third largest in the world in terms of purchasing power. India is the second fastest growingmajor economy in the world. The Indian consumer spend average grocery at 42% of monthly, so it ismajor opportunity to organized and unorganized sectors to concentrate more on grocery and otherfood items.
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PUBLIC EXPENDITURE ON EDUCATIONEducation is the tool for social, economic and cultural development of the nation. For the development of sound system of higher education it is required that it should be adequately funded and financed by the state. A comparative analysis reveals that the success story of developed nations is better traced through their public expenditure on education. Percentage share of public expenditure of developed nations always remained more than that of developing nations. Public expenditure on education for India is an embarrassingly low ratio even by the standards of other developing countries.Sweden and Norway have highest ranking in Human Development Index (HDI) also have highest public expenditure on education.Within India an interstate comparison shows that annual government expenditure per student is least (Rs. 371) in Assam and highest (Rs.1709) in Himachal Pradesh. This corresponding figure is Rs. 688 for all India. When compared with per student expenditure by private it is emerged that in India, Punjab and Haryana have high ratios of privatization of school education and annual private expenditure per student is approximately four times as compared to government expenditure per student.