An International Peer Reviewed
International Journal for Educational Research Studies
QUALITY OF ELEMENTARY EDUCATION IN NAYAGARH DISTRICT OF ODISHA: AN EVALUATIVE STUDY
The present study was conducted to know the quality of elementary education in Nayagarh district of Odisha. The sample of the study consisted of 24 teachers and 60 students of 12 elementary schools of Nayagarh district of Odisha. Data were collected through questionnaires. Information were also collected from reports and records published by Government of Odisha. The result indicated that incentives such as Mid-Day Meals and School uniforms were available in all schools. ICT facility was not available in any school. Supervision of the schools was done by B.E.O.s. Play ground, and provision of electricity was available in very less number of schools. Ten different co-curricular activities were organized in schools.
Key Words: Quality, Elementary Education, Evaluative Study
Acharya, P.K. and Behera, M. (2004). Function of Sarba Siksha Abhiyan Programme in Odisha. Quarterly Monitoring Report, Bhubaneswar : Nabakrushna Choudhury Centre for Development Studies. Bhattacharya, S. (2008). “The Problems of Primary School Women Tecahers in Angul District.” Unpublished M.Ed. Desecration. Bhubaneswar, Utkal University. Das, R (2010). “Evaluation Practices in Primary Schools: A Study”, Ambikeya Journal of Education, Vol.1, No.1, pp. 29-34. Debraj, A. et al (2005). “Quality Education in Chaunarajanagar District. Quality Education Project Vidyankura.” Project Report. Bangalore: National Institute of Advanced Studies. Government of India, Ministry of Human Resource Development (1986). National Policy on Education (1986). New Delhi: Ministry of Human Resource Development.
A STUDY OF ORGANIZATION CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOR IN RELATION TO MENTAL HEALTH OF SCHOOL TEACHERS
The investigator in this paper tried to explore the effect of mental health in organization citizenship behaviour among the secondary school teachers. The study was conducted in Bhiwani district of Haryana (India). The sample of the study consists of 200 secondary school teachers. Out of these 50 private male, 50 private female; 50 govt. male and 50 private female secondary school teachers were selected. It was found that there is positive correlation between various dimensions of organizational citizenship behaviour and mental health. A less correlation is found in civic virtue dimension of OCB with mental health. There is no effect of sex on organization citizenship behaviour of teachers on all its dimensions. Significant difference is found in competitive spirit of private and govt. school teachers. Private school teachers show more civic virtue in work culture as compared to govt. school teachers.
Key Word: Organization citizenship behavior, mental health, school teacher.
Bergeron, D.M. (2007). The potential paradox of Organizational Citizenship Behaviour: Good citizens at what cost? Academy of Management Review, 4:1078-1095. Garret, H.E. & Woodworth, R.S. (1981). Statistics in Psychology and Education, New York: David Mc Kay Company Inc. Jha, R. & Kumar D. (2011) Relationship between emotional intelligence and Organisational Citizenship Behaviour, Behaviour research review, 2005-208. Jhoshi G.R. (1998) A study of mental health and job satisfaction among industrial workers abstract JICAPP 1999 Jan-July; 24 69-72.
SUCCESSFUL INCLUSION; SOME POSSIBLE STRATEGIESTeachers have been always a point around which any successful program revalues. Same is the case with Inclusive Education. Teachers play a very crucial role in determining the placement of students with differences. The strategies discussed in this research article are not new in the field of special education but may prove fruitful while working to achieve inclusive placement a success. All the persons related with the child whether they are parents, teachers, professional experts must work together strategically and purposefully to create successful placement so that the children with disabilities have the same access to general education curriculum and experiences like their normal peers. But it is essential that they do so using collaborative strategies that include expertise and efforts of all the team members.All children with differences have same general needs like need to learn, need to have friends, need to have friends, need to feel valued. In segregation these needs are not fulfilled. Moreover unplanned and unorganized inclusive settings also result in frustrating and disruptive behaviour among children due to unfulfilled needs. Inclusive school settings where children of all abilities work side by side can be supportive and nurturing environment for both the types of children. Inclusion is not mere a change in placement rather it is a complete transformation in school structure and function to meet needs of all the children despite their differences. According to Toby J. Karten Inclusion in Education is about peers with and without disabilities, learning together side by side in a grade level classroom to achieve academic, social, communication and functional skills. It occurs when communities of learners of the same age are educated together with in natural school settings. Inclusion in Education is not a policy, place or services but a way for students with disabilities to have access to general education curriculum with the appropriate planning, preparation and participation. It values the strengths of all learners to be accepted in classes, schools, communities and as adults in inclusive societies. There are many ways in which the persons associated with the child can work and function for the development of the child. It may be multidisciplinary team in which a set of school professionals, parents and whenever possible the children with disabilities are involved. They work for the purpose of implementing the evaluation, placement procedures and development of individualized educational programme for these students other one is Interdisciplinary team in which individuals from multiple disciplines are involved. They focus on educational service of the student with their expertise. They share their expertise in relation to the development of student and develop a cohesive program. The Individuals with Disabilities Education ACI (IDEA of 1990 (PL10-476) mandates that the IEP for the children with disabilities should be a team effort.
Karten, J. Toby, (2010). Inclusion strategies and Interventions, Canada. Dalal, D.C. Inclusive Education, Viyaya Publications Ludhiana. Osher, T.W. & Osher, D.M. (2002). The Paradigm Shift to true collaboration with families. Journal of Child & Family Studies, 11(1) 47-60. Kasa, C. Theoharis, J.C., Strategies for success: Creating Inclusive Classrooms that work. The Peal Center, Pittsburgh, P.A. Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1990 P L (101-476).
TOAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK OF SOCIALIZATION FOR INCLUSION OF VISUALLY IMPAIREDSocialization is the process by which humans begin to acquire the skills necessary to perform as a functioning member of their society, these socialization abilities are dependent on a person’s acquired repertoire of learned social skills and behaviors. Research shows that social deficits in adolescents can cause social isolation, low self esteem and low mental health. Various theories are studied and analyzed to develop theoretical framework to explain, predict and understand various interrelated aspects of the phenomena of socialization of visually impaired students for their inclusion that had helped to connect to the existing knowledge in the related areas and to support in prescribing future solutions. The theoretical analysis support the socialization and inclusion override the physical impairment and social skills can be developed in students with visual impairment that further lead to develop their personality and sense of self.
Key words: Socialization of Visually Impaired, Inclusion, Theoretical Framework
Bandura Albert,(1977). Social learning theory. General Learning Press. New York City. Retrievedfrom -http://www.jku.at/org/content/e54521/e54528/e54529/e178059/Bandura_SocialLearningTheory_ger.pdf Crossman, E.R.F.W.(1959). A theory of the acquisition of Speed Skill. Ergonomics, 2, 153-166. Deccan Herald. (PTI): Apr 6 2012.India accounts for 20 per cent of global blind population. New Delhi
COMPARISON OF ATTITUDE BETWEEN STUDENTS OF PRIVATE AND GOVERNMENT SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS TOWARDS INNOVATIONS OF MODERN EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY IN KASHMIR
The purpose of this study was to examine senior secondary government and private student’s attitude towards the innovations of modern educational technology. The study also investigated the role of these innovations in senior secondary schools of Kashmir. The data for the study was collected through the use of quantitative method. The data was collected through the self constructed questionnaire by the investigator, and was distributed to 200 students (100 Govt. and 100 Private) of senior secondary schools of Kashmir. The findings of the study, which were obtained by analyzing the data collected from the students, revealed that, the private senior schools have better facilities of innovations of modern educational technology as compared to the Govt. Senior secondary schools at present, but no variations was found in the attitude of both the groups regarding the implementation of innovations of modern educational technology in Kashmir province.
Key Words: - Educational technology, Govt. School students, Private School students
Best.J.W., (1977): Research in Education (3rd ed). New Delhi Prcintice Hall of India. (p) ltd. Dr. Renu Nanda (2011), Innovative, ICT in Teacher Education. Inquiry An Educational Journal Vol=33, June= 2011 pp 45-49 Furkan A. (2003), Role of teachers in using the modern educational technology. British journal of education psychology. Vol 33. No.5 pp 55.59. Albirini, A.A. (2006). Teacher’s attitudes towards information and communication technologies: the case of Syrian EFL, teachers. Journal of computers and education, vol-47, PP 373-398. Pelgrum, W.J. (2001) Obstacles to the integration of ICT in education: Journal of computers and education, Vol-37, pp 163-178. Tahira Jan Bhat. Role of instructional Technology in Education. Inquiry An Educational Journal Vol=33, June= 2011 pp 80-81
ATTITUDE OF STUDENTS OF RURAL AND URBAN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS TOWARDS MODERN EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY IN KASHMIR
The use of technology makes educational process effective, efficient and objective-centered. The word ‘efficient’ means that educational process should be effective and economical from time, energy and money point. It is a fascinating time for schooling and technology. The purpose of this study was to examine senior secondary Rural and Urban students’ attitude towards the innovations of modern educational technology. The study also investigated the role of these innovations in senior secondary schools (Rural and Urban) of Kashmir. The data for the study was collected through the use of quantitative method. The data was collected through the self constructed questionnaire by the investigator, and was distributed to 200 students (100 Rural and 100 Urban) of senior secondary schools of Kashmir. The findings of the study, which were obtained by analyzing the data collected from the students, revealed that, the Urban senior schools have better facilities of innovations of modern educational technology as compared to the Rural Senior secondary schools at present, but no variations was found in the attitude of both the groups regarding the implementation of innovations of modern educational technology in Kashmir province.
Key Words: - Educational technology, Rural. School students, Urban School students
Tahira Jan Bhat. Role of instructional Technology in Education. Inquiry An Educational Journal Vol=33, June= 2011 pp 80-81 Pelgrum, W.J. (2001) Obstacles to the integration of ICT in education: Journal of computers and education, Vol-37, pp 163-178. Naser jamil Al- Zaidiyeen. In- service teachers Attitudes towards the use of information and communication technology in teaching practice. Naser jamil Al- Zaidiyeen ( oct- 2008) Teachers attitudes and levels of technology use in classroom: Furkan A. (2003), Role of teachers in using the modern educational technology. British journal of education psychology. Vol 33. No.5 pp 55.59. Dr. Renu Nanda (2011), Innovative, ICT in Teacher Education. Inquiry An Educational Journal Vol=33, June= 2011 pp 45-49
ENHANCING CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS AMONG AUTHORITARIAN STUDENTS
Critical thinking is a term that is given much discussion without much action. critical thinking is something that has been overlooked at the elementary, middle, and high school levels where students are taught how to learn, as well as how to analyze information. When these students make it to the level of higher education or the workforce, the educators and trainers are forced to begin by teaching critical thinking skills as opposed to beginning with the information that needs to be conveyed. Critical thinking can be infused in lessons throughout all disciplines by utilizing in depth questioning and evaluation of both data and sources. ). The educator’s role as facilitator also encourages a peer review process, even in the youngest of children, and helps students to learn appropriate responses to conflicting evaluations and opinions. The ideal critical thinker is habitually inquisitive, well-informed, trustful of reason, open-minded, flexible, fair-minded in evaluation, honest in facing personal biases, prudent in making judgments, willing to reconsider, clear about issues, orderly in complex matters, diligent in seeking relevant information, reasonable in the selection of criteria, focused in inquiry, and persistent in seeking results which are as precise as the subject and the circumstances of inquiry permit.
Keywords- Critical thinking, Scientific Method, judgments and inferences, inductive and deductive arguments
Arend, B. (2009). The journal of educators online, volume 6, number 1, january 2009 1, encouraging critical thinking in online threaded discussions. The Journal of Educators Online, 6(1), doi: 10.1.1.412.1694 Choy, S., & Cheah, P. (2009). Teacher perceptions of critical thinking among students and its influence on higher education. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 20(2), 198-206. Halx, M., & Reybold, L. E. (2005). A pedagogy of force: Faculty perspectives of critical thinking capacity in undergraduate students. The Journal of General Education, 54(4), 293-315. doi: 10.1353/jge.2006.0009 Henderson-Hurley, M., & Hurley, D. (2013). Enhancing critical thinking skills among authoritarian students.International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 25(2), 248-261. doi: 10.1080/10511250300085841
STUDY OF EDUCATIONAL CHOICES OF XI CLASS STUDENTS AS A DETERMINANT OF THEIR VOCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT.
Development of a human being depends upon surroundings in which he is nurtured. Environment forms base of personality and plays a major role in framing perceptions and actions of a person. Education also depends on the environment and its interpretation by the individual. Vocational Environment is a combination of many factors and aspects, which influences an individual’s academic performances. An individual always learns from his/her past experience, which he has seen around, his surroundings, and consequently he forms a concept about things and matter. Thinking and conceptualization is affected by environment of the individual so the present study attempts to know the vocational environment of students of different streams and its relation with educational choices. For collection of data standardized tool (VES) is used and mean, S.D. and t-scores are calculated to analyze the data.
Arbuckle, Dugald S ( 1960) Integrating Occupational materials into curricula reprocess. Personnel and Guidance Journal,Vol.39,pp 120-123 Beard, Richard (1967) Counseling the culturally different student. Dallas conventional abstracts. Beilin, H.(1963) The application of general occupational principles to the vocational area. Journal of Counseling Psychology, pp.53-57. Carlin, Jerry S. (1968) The environment of the child and its relationship to his achievement in science: A theoretical review. Science Education, p. 23 Cass, John C et.all (1960) Vocational development and the selection of a high school curriculum.Personnel and Guidance Journal, Vol 38 pp 538-545
HISTORICAL FACTS ABOUT THE DEVELOPMENT OF WOMEN’S EMPOWERMENT IN INDIA NAY THE WORLDWomen play an important role in Social, Political, Cultural, Academic and Economic development of the Nation. Half of India’s population is female. But their role is negligible in the National development. If a Country wishes to sustain or develop its growth he should utilize properly its women as a productive resource. Despite a greater awareness of the Role of women, no society treats its women on at par with its men
Afshar, H. (Ed. 1991) Women, Development and Survival in the Third World. New York: Longman. Anand, A. (WFS/Women's Feature Service) (Ed. 1992) The Power to Change; Women in Third World Re define Their Environment. New Jersey: Zed Books Ltd. Azad, N. (1986) Empowering Women Workers: The WWF Experiment in Indian Cities. Mylapur, India: WWF. Bhatt Ela, The Times of India, August 18, 1998. McFarlane, J. and Fehir, J. (1994) De Madres a Madres: A Community, Primary Health Care Program based on Empowerment. Health Education Quarterly, 21(3): 381-94. Mizan, A. N. (1994) In Quest of Empowerment: the Grameen Bank's Impact on Women's Power and Status. Dhaka: University Press. National Policy for the Empowerment of Women – 2001 – India Source: Department of Women and Child Development.
PROFESSIONAL ETHICSA profession is not simply a collection of individuals who get a living for themselves by the same kind of work. Nor it is merely a group which is organized exclusively for the economic protection. A profession is characterized by a sufficiently long period of academic training; an organized body of knowledge on which the undertaking is based; an appropriate duration of formal and rigorous professional training with practical experience in the field and a code of professional ethics which bind sits members into a fraternity and Ethics means’ science of morals; moral principles or code’ Ethics is a collection of moral standards by which each person should be guided in their private and professional life. It tells us right from wrong, and how to live moral lives. The teaching profession, as many others, has its own code of ethics, which describes the process of grading students and teacher\\\'s behavior in the classroom as well as outside the premises of the institution. It is one of few professions which evaluate the totality of behavior of an individual and its potential influence on others. The teacher\\\'s code of ethics comprises his/her duties, responsibilities, attitude, honesty, and most of all - fairness. One can become a better teacher by becoming a better human being. National Education Association, USA formulates certain principles which deserve reflection and careful consideration.
THE IMPACT OF MODERN TECHNOLOGY ON MUSIC AND TEACHING OF MUSIC: A THEMATIC STUDYThis paper explores the impact of modern technology on music and teaching of music. As technology and music are interrelated concepts, technology influences both music and teaching of music. It influences music in the latter’s production, recording, dissemination and Preservation. With technological developments these four aspects of music have been greatly augmented on the positive side. Introduction of music production software, advanced recording gadgets, better mass media systems and effective storage devices has worked for the betterment of music in the modern world. Radio, television and cinema too have contributed significantly to the cause of music. Similarly music teaching learning has also been helped by the technological advancement. Internet is playing a crucial role in this field providing abundant music learning opportunities. As a result of this positive interference of Technology in Music, a new academic discipline Music technology has appeared on the scene now.
BS Reporters, DTH, digital Cable Penetration to Drive TV growth: Report , Business- standard.com, URL: http://www.business-standard.com/article/companies/dth-digital-cable-penetration-to-drive-tv-growth-report-114092000020_1.html Aristotle, Poetics, David R. Courtney Manufacture and Repair of Tabla, (Volume 3). Pub. Sur Sangeet Services, 2001. ISBN 1-893644-02-2. Definition of Technology, Merriam-Webster. http://mw1.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/technology. Retrieved 2007-02-16