Feb-Mar,2014, Vol - 1/2
Imapct Factor: -
An International Peer Reviewed
Scholarly Research Journal for Humanity Sciences & English Language
AN INVESTIGATION INTO FACTORS AFFECTING UNIVERSITY EMPLOYEE COMMERCIAL BANKS’ BORROWING: CASE OF EGERTON UNIVERSITY, KENYAThe study was meant to examine the factors affecting borrowing amongst the employees ofpublic universities in Kenya. The locality of the study was Egerton University. The objectivesof the study were to identify the factors that influence bank borrowing and determine therelationship between these factors and borrowing among the employees of EgertonUniversity. The population of the study was 1889 employees of Egerton University. A sampleof 318 employees was selected through systematic stratified random sampling. Questionnairewas the main tool of data collection. The results of the study were presented throughdescriptive statistics such as tables, pie charts, bar graphs, and histograms. Regressionanalysis was used to determine the extent of relationship between dependent and independentvariables in the study. From the study, it was established that long repayment period is themost important factor that influences the borrowing levels from commercial banks followedby lack of guarantee. Interest rates were reported to have a moderate influence while grosssalary incomes lowly influence the employee borrowing from commercial banks. The studyobserved that there exist a relationship between the current level of borrowing and thefactors that influence employee borrowing. The level of education influences the borrowinglevels from commercial bank. High interest rates significantly reduce the borrowing fromcommercial banks while high gross salary income and need for business start-up financeincreases the borrowing from commercial banks.Key Words: Factors affecting borrowing, Commercial Banks
LIFE SKILL EDUCATION FOR ADOLESCENTS: COPING WITH CHALLENGESAdolescence is the most critical phase of an individual. It denotes the transitional stage fromchildhood to adulthood marked by conspicuous physical, cognitive, emotional and socialchanges. The inbuilt buffer existing in the society in the form of control and support from thenear and dear ones guide the adolescents to grow into a mature adult. However, in the recentyears, big changes have taken place in our traditional society owing to industrialization andglobalization. The impact is evident in the entire society, with no exception to adolescents.The highly competitive world of today and the absence of traditional norms and support havesituations lead to unnecessary stress, anger issues and low self esteem resulting in, lowacademic performances, and disruptive behaviour in school and at home.
CALL: AN ELEVATING TOOL FOR LEARNING LANGUAGEIn the globalized context and present scenario, students of Engineering andTechnology need a specific set of language skills for their success in education and career.English for engineering students poses a challenge to them. Industries are also voicing theirconcerns about the need for better communication skills among students of Engineering.They require an ever increasing range of skills to maintain relevance with the globalenvironment of the new millennium. Communication is the pivot on which the globe revolves,recognized by academia and industry.Effective communication is an essential component for success, whether it is personal,professional, and group, organization or individual levels. A recent newspaper report saidthat: “Out of very hundred interviews, only five qualified for the employability. It is not thatwere technically not sound but they lacked in communication skills.” These are as importantas school and college qualifications for youngsters aiming at a bright career. Students comewith a wide variety of abilities, attitudes, interests, ambitions and levels of motivation thatare effective for some students may be relatively ineffective for others. To balance these twocategories our University suggests CALL Lab in acquiring proficiency of the Language skills.The object of this paper is to highlight the necessity of CALL Lab and make students readyfor campus placements.
TEACHING ATTITUDE OF THE B.ED. TEACHER TRAINEES AND SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERSThe present research study was mainly concerned with teaching attitude of the B.Ed. teachertrainees and secondary school teachers. The sample consists of 60 B.Ed. teacher trainees and60 secondary school teachers from Nasik. Data was collected by using Teacher AttitudeInventory developed by Dr .S.P. Ahluwalia. The data was analyzed by using statisticalmeasures as mean, Standard Deviation and t-value.Key words- Teaching attitude, Teacher trainees, Secondary school teachers.
STUDY OF ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS OF WORKING AND NON-WORKING MOTHERSThe present study aims at to find out whether the academic achievement motivation ofsecondary school students of working mothers (WM) differ significantly from those of nonworkingmothers (NWM). The study further compared the academic achievement motivationof secondary school students of working and non-working mothers on the basis of gender andlocal. The sample of the study consisted of 200 secondary school students, 100 fromsecondary schools situated in urban area and 100 from secondary schools situated in ruralarea (50 male students of working mothers, 50 female students of working mothers, 50 malestudents of non-working mothers & 50 female students of non-working mothers)of the agegroup 13 to 15 years belonging to rural and urban areas selected randomly from differenteducational institutions of district Sonipat, Haryana. Academic Achievement Motivation Testconstructed by Sharma, T. R. was administered to the selected sample to assess theiracademic achievement motivation. The data so collected was analyzed statistically byemploying mean, SD and t-test. The study revealed there was significant differences betweenthe adolescent students of working and non working mothers on the measure of academicachievement motivation.Key Words: Academic Achievement Motivation, Working and Non-working mothers,Secondary School Students.
A STUDY OF CREATIVE THINKING ABILITIES OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN RELATION TO THEIR INTELLIGENCEThe present study was an attempt to find out the difference in creative thinking abilities ofsenior secondary school students in relation to their intelligence. A number of 150 male andfemale respondents were taken as a sample on the basis of random sampling method.Standardized questionnaires – Creative Thinking Abilities by Mehdi (1985) and IntelligenceTest by Jalota (1976) were used for the collection of the data. ‘t’ test was used to see thesignificant difference. The findings of the study reveal that (i) It was found that superiorintelligent students and low intelligent students differ significantly on fluency superiorintelligent students are higher fluency than the low intelligent students. Similarly, superiorintelligent students and low intelligent students differ significantly on flexibility too.However, there is no significant difference found between superior intelligent students andlow intelligent students regarding originality and creativity. It shows that originality andcreativity are equally distributed between superior intelligent students and low intelligentstudents (ii) It was found that there is no significant difference between Average intelligentstudents and low intelligence students regarding all dimensions of creativity. It shows that alldimensions of creativity are equally distributed between Average intelligent students and lowintelligent students; (iii) It was found that there is a significant difference between superiorintelligent students regarding flexibility and creativity. It shows that superior intelligentstudents having more flexibility than Average intelligent students. However, there is nosignificant difference found superior intelligent students and Average intelligent studentsregarding fluency and originality. It shows that fluency and originality are equallydistributed between superior intelligent students and average intelligent students.Key words: Creativity, intelligence, senior secondary school students.
IMPACT OF COOPERATIVE LEARNING METHOD ON THE CREATIVE BEHAVIOR OF STUDENTS OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS OF U.P.Cooperative learning method is an instructional technique, in which positive interdependenceamong learners is involved. Cooperation refers primarily to small groups of students workingtogether to achieve a common goal. In the present study the investigator used a selfinstructional package of cooperative learning of subject science. The researcher taughtthrough cooperative learning technique to the students of class VIIIth through this techniqueup to twelve weeks. After that it was examined that is there any change in the creativebehavior of the students. The 500 students of class VIIIth of different cities of U.P. constitutethe sample of the study. For the purpose of data collection a self constructed tool of creativityand verbal and nonverbal test of creativity of Baquer Mehdi is used. The result shows thatthere was a significant difference in the creative behavior of the students. Further there wasnot a significant difference on the creative behavior of boys / girls and rural / urban students.
INCULCATION OF CITIZENSHIP VALUES THROUGH BOARD GAMECivic Literacy is the knowledge of how to actively participate and initiate change inyour community and the greater society. Civic literacy means participating effectively in civiclife through knowing how to stay informed and understanding governmental processes,exercising the rights and obligations of citizenship at local, state, national and global levels,understanding the local and global implications of civic decisions and acting responsiblywith the interests of the larger community in mind.This paper describes the development of BGCG based on the above mentionedconcept. This game is developed to promote civic literacy among students. The demands andinputs of learner are included during the development of game i.e. curiosity, twists,motivation in the form of rewards and punishments and opportunities for decision making.While playing BGCG, the learners play to get higher civic index to become the best citizen oftheir country. The items were prepared based on civic indicators i.e., regular voting, regularvolunteering, protesting, campaign contribution etc. The game is recommended asappropriate cost effective learning tool for developing civic responsibilities and civicliteracy. It is helpful to create positive attitude towards civic responsibilities and create civicawareness among students even in the absence of required real experiences.Keywords: civic literacy, citizenship, boardgame
PERSONAL, PROFESSIONAL AND SOCIAL ADJUSTMENT OF GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS: A COMPARATIVE STUDYA better adjusted and satisfied teacher plays a vital role in the development of students andsubsequently the society. The focus of this study is to compare the adjustment of secondaryschool teachers working in government and private schools. The variables considered in thisstudy are personal, professional and social adjustment of teachers. Normative surveyresearch method is used on a sample of 200 secondary school teachers which are selectedfrom ten schools based on simple random sampling method. Present study is an attempt tofind out how well the teachers are adjusted to their academic and general environment ofinstitution, to their professional relationships, to their financial and job satisfaction and theirpersonal, socio-psycho-physical adjustment. Based on the responses given by governmentand private school teachers on S. K. Mangal’s TAI inventory, it is found that a significantdifference exists in the personal, professional and social adjustment of studied teachers. Thestudy is useful to understand the effect of job security, ample opportunities, financial supportand cordial work environment on the work efficiency, physical, mental and social health ofteachers.KEY WORDS: Personal adjustment, Professional adjustment, Social adjustment, TAI.
THE INDIAN SENSIBILITY IN ANITA NAIR’S LADIES COUPESensibility is, particularly, capacity to respond to aesthetic and emotional stimuli. Thestories written or read inadvertently make us perceive the psyche of both the writer and thecharacters created by the writer. Portraying the story of a woman\'s search for strength andindependence; Anita Nair’s ‘Ladies Coupe’ focuses on the latent strengths which everyindividual has. Though ladies do not disclose their life stories to each other in journeys, theprotagonist, Akhila gets to know her fellow travelers in the intimate atmosphere of the ladiescoupé which she shares with five other women, Janaki, Margaret Shanti, Prabha Devi,Sheela, and Marikolanthu in her long train journey to Kanyakumari. This paper makes aneffort in asserting the very nature of Indian Women; sharing experiences by emphasizing theIndian sensibility of women in identifying themselves part of the Indian tradition and culture.
QUALITY EDUCATION IN SRI SATHYA SAI SCHOOLSThe present situation calls for Quality Education. There are several proposal for achievingquality in education system. Till today we are not able to get the standard of qualityeducation as there are many challenges to attain these particular criteria. Here theresearcher explains the conditions for quality education and proves that Sri Sathya SaiSchool is one of the best schools to provide quality education.Key words: Quality, School System, Sri Sathya Sai School, Vidya.
ATTITUDE OF CIVIL SOCIETY TOWARDS INTER CASTE MARRIAGESMarriage is a sacred institution which binds both the woman and man in a pious relation. Itgives this relation meaning. Marriage with in the same caste means that both the boy and girlbelong to the same community. Inter -caste marriage means girl and boy are from differentcastes where one member belongs to lower caste. The caste, creed and culture are the threemost important elements, which are kept on the high priority list. For years, Indians had anorthodox mindset. They could not imagine inter -caste marriages.They had a conception that marriages are only possible in the same caste and community.Talking about inter- caste and inter- religious marriages in India was a taboo for mostpeople in the earlier days. However, with time, things changed and inter- caste marriage alsobecame a part of the society. Inter- caste marriages are regarded as the most importantsocial customs and hence, were viewed as the best means to remove the barrier of castesystem.When God created men and women, he has not assigned any caste on them. So, howcan the human beings divide God s created world into castes and communities.Customs and religious practised were so strict and merciless that even sometimes the boy andgirl were hacked to death by their parents due to the pressures from the society. However,with time things changed and inter- caste marriage also became a part of the society. Today,in Indian society, though we can see inter- caste marriages, but mostly it is the part of the cityculture. The rural parts of the country still have a long way to go
TECHNOLOGIES USED IN E - LEARNINGIn this paper we have tried to explain different technologies used in delivery of E-learning. Elearninggives an opportunity to the learner to complete his/her education/sessions easily andconveniently. It is a very flexible and self paced method of education.E-learning is aworldwide service and it motivates adults to learn. The urge to learn can be a result of desirefor recognition, self esteem, natural curiosity, enhance the self confidence and theopportunity to self actualize which itself is a learning at its core. E- learning allows a needfulbased learning. The paper presented throws light on the technologies used for delivering Elearning.Learners are now a day’s more acquainted with the different technologiesdeveloped. This paper tries to explain the technology used for delivering E-learning.
TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS IN INDIAN SCHEDULED COMMERCIAL BANKSInformation technology plays vital role in the development of any industry through reducinggeographical barriers. Indian Banking sector has been showing greater emphases on thetechno and innovation since the reforms. The Indian banking sector has undergonenoteworthy transformation from local braking to anywhere-anytime banking with theimplementation of technology. Over the past couple of years, a huge growth has beenregistered in the number of transaction done through electronic devices. India banks haveincreased number of technological products like Net Banking, Mobile Banking OnlineShipping, Ticket Booking , Bill Payment and Automated Teller Machines (ATMs) etc. Thepresent study is an attempt to analyze the technological deveined in Indian banking sector.Keywords: Technology, mobile Banking ,ATMs. Net Banking Electronic Fund Transfer.
A RESEARCH PAPER ON “STUDY OF EMPLOYEE’S PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL SYSTEMToday\'s working climate demands a great deal of commitment and effort from Employees, who in turn naturally expect a great deal more from their Employers. Performance Appraisal must be seen as an intrinsic part of a Manager\'s responsibility and not an unwelcome and time-consuming addition to them. It is about improving performance and ultimate effectiveness. Performance Appraisal is a systematic means of ensuring that Superiors and their staff meet regularly to discuss past and present performance issues and to agree what future is appropriate on both sides. This meeting should be based on clear and mutual understanding of the job in question and the standards and outcomes, which are a part of it. In normal circumstances, Employees should be appraised by their immediate Superiors on one to one basis .Often the distinction between Appraiser & Appraise .Assessment concerns itself only with the past and the present . The staff is being appraised when they are encouraged to look ahead to improve effectiveness, utilize strengths, redress weaknesses and examine how potentials and aspirations should match up. It should also be understood that pushing a previously prepared report across and desk Cursorily inviting comments, and expecting it to be neatly signed by the Employee is not Appraisal- this is merely a form filling exercise which achieves little in terms of giving staff any Positive guidance and motivation. In SEMCO ELECTRIC PVT LTD, Chakan, my research was a "Study of Employee\'s Performance Appraisal System" So to improve the condition it is necessary to review the performance of Employees. In this research, I had to study the current Performance Appraisal system at SEMCO & check the effectiveness of current Appraisal system. (2013)Keywords: Performance‚ Appraisal‚ Management by objectives (MBO)‚ Superior‚ Subordinate‚ Peer‚ Review‚ Employment‚ 360o‚ Appraisal system.
PROFESSIONAL ETHICSA profession is not simply a collection of individuals who get a living for themselves by the same kind of work. Nor it is merely a group which is organized exclusively for the economic protection. A profession is characterized by a sufficiently long period of academic training; an organized body of knowledge on which the undertaking is based; an appropriate duration of formal and rigorous professional training with practical experience in the field and a code of professional ethics which bind sits members into a fraternity and Ethics means’ science of morals; moral principles or code’ Ethics is a collection of moral standards by which each person should be guided in their private and professional life. It tells us right from wrong, and how to live moral lives. The teaching profession, as many others, has its own code of ethics, which describes the process of grading students and teacher\'s behavior in the classroom as well as outside the premises of the institution. It is one of few professions which evaluate the totality of behavior of an individual and its potential influence on others. The teacher\'s code of ethics comprises his/her duties, responsibilities, attitude, honesty, and most of all - fairness. One can become a better teacher by becoming a better human being. National Education Association, USA formulates certain principles which deserve reflection and careful consideration
PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF TEACHER’S IN PRESENT EDUCATIONAL SCENARIO OF ICTEducation plays a significant role in the life of a nation. The character and quality of the people greatly depend on the education that is imparted to them at different levels. Knowledge and wisdom have always been regarded as the highest virtues of man. The present century is undergoing a major revolutionary change where technology has intervened in all aspects of life. Education is no exception to be adversely affected by the intervention of technology and it has also seen many appropriate changes that has brought a totally new look to the concept of education in the modern times. With the technologically advanced world, the teacher should also keep pace and be aware of the new technologies and the way to integrate them in education so as to enhance learning in their students which is the major aim of education. Teachers of all level of education should be able to incorporate new technologies and impart their lessons through latest trends that will affect at the cognitive domain of the learner to a greater extent. This is the age of knowledge management where teacher is not only a person or medium to transfer knowledge but teacher acts as a manager to manage properly his content by integrating new technologies in his methodology. Management includes all the aspects from planning to communicate to executing the same concept in a better manner and with a new style every time. Therefore, there is a need to change the definition and demands of the teacher and the learner. There is a need to educate them so that they get familiar with the new technologies of the market and incorporate them in their teaching to get a holistic approach. Today’s society has accepted new technologies for fast development and progress due to global demand and competition. New technologies like personal computers, World Wide Web, mobile phones, satellites and internet are all helping us in gathering and dissemination of information globally. Higher education is an important form of investment in human resource development. Multimedia technology is found to be a very useful tool in interaction and communication to multi-language, multimedia communities. The growth of colleges from independence to date is 700 to 20,700 and universities from 25 to 435 and student enrolment from 1.00 lack to 1.6 crore. The exponential growth of institutions is still unable to cope with the demand for education by the country’s youth. To achieve the targets set by planning commission 2007 and national knowledge commission, we are bound to use new technologies to impart education to each and every one who desires to have access to higher education. Researches done in education show that integration of modern technologies in education have the following advantages : it motivates student to learn, improves collaborative learning helps in understanding the subject, helps in collaborate learning, provides greater understanding, improves designing skills, develops critical thinking and helps in social interactions. Information technology is defined in oxfordadvanced learner’s as the study or use of electronic equipment especially computers for storing, analyzing and handling information and communication technologies in the process of sending, receiving and exchanging information. According to UNESCO ‘ICT is a scientific, technological and engineering discipline used in handling information, its application and association with social, economical and cultural matters. With the current technological infrastructure this exchange can occur from anywhere any time without any constraints of time and space. The relatively recent change from the term information technology (IT) to information and communication technology (ICT) reflects the accelerated pattern in which modern technology has impacted teaching. ICT covers not just computer but any technology involved in communication such as UNESCO defines, ‘informatics as the science dealing with the design, realization, evaluation, use and maintenance of informatin processing systems. Including hardware, software, organizational and human aspects and the industrial, commercial, governmental and political implications of these. In other words ICT is an umbrella term that includes any communication device like software, CD Rom, the Internet, television and radio, image capturing devices including still and video cameras, sensing, data logging control application, e-content, e-books and multimedia representations. Thus ICT are the computing and communicating facilities and features that support teaching, learning, and a range of activities in education. It has the essence of transforming information effectively anywhere using the latest modes of technology like computers in synchronous and asynchronous environment that create greater access to information and communication narrow down the gap between the information giants of haves and haves not. Multimedia can mean practically anything from a computer that happens to be equipped with a pair of speakers to a complex program capable of driving a laser disc or DVD players and multiple screens and high frequency quality sound Multimedia especially with a video projector can provide real impact in a class room as your computer will become a flexible blackboard. Many researches have proved that ICT integration is a powerful tool, which can be employed for its flexibility, cost effectiveness to achieve various goals of education. The use of ICT has amicably a transformative potential in students, this is still found only in isolated pockets of innovations and is associated with only a few enthusiastic institutions and individuals what do information and communication technologies, specifically computers and the internet, offer that conventional teaching does not? Each individual is unique with unique needs and a unique way of learning. Each is therefore, entitled to an individualized way of learning.