Apr-May,2014, Vol - 1/3
Imapct Factor: -
An International Peer Reviewed
Scholarly Research Journal for Humanity Sciences & English Language
AN INVESTIGATION INTO THE FACTORS AFFECTING THE ADOPTION OF E-LEARNING IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN MAKADARA DISTRICT, NAIROBI COUNTY, KENYAThe main purpose of the study was to investigate the factors affecting adoption of e-learningin public secondary schools in Makadara District, Nairobi County. The specific objectives ofthe study were to establish the influence of ICT infrastructure and e-learning curricula anddesign on the adoption of e-learning in public schools in Makadara district, Nairobi County.It was also aimed at examining the effect of teacher’s readiness and teachers’ ICT skills onthe adoption of e-learning in public schools in Makadara District, Nairobi County. The studyadopted a survey research design. The study targeted all the head teachers, deputy headteachers and teachers of all public secondary schools in Makadara District. The targetpopulation was 195 and a sample of 98 was sampled for the study. Data was collected using aquestionnaire. Descriptive and inferential statistical tools were used to analyze the studyvariables of ICT infrastructure, curricula, teacher readiness, teacher ICT skills and adoptionof e-learning. The study established that most schools had low investment in ICTinfrastructure due high costs of computer hardware, software and related accessories. Theadoption of e-learning implementations has resulted in the need for development of new skillsand competencies among teachers as most teachers who have been teaching in traditionalmanners are not technologically literate and sometimes may even resist because of the worryabout losing their jobs if e-learning is implemented, because of their inadequate skills. Thefactors affecting the adoption of e-learning significantly influenced the adoption of e-learningand external factors such as the government policies, financial policies and humandevelopment. The study recommends that there is need for schools to have e-learninginfrastructure included in the financial plans to cater for maintenance and expansion of theICT infrastructure and the acquisition and maintenance and training of teachers and technicalstaff, e-learning curricula may need to be designed in such a way that is relevant in the qualityof information with the outside world because students will use different resources besidestheir instructor, teachers need to acquire necessary knowledge and skills that allows them toshift from traditional teaching experiences to an e-learning teaching style hence schoolofficial need to avail adequate technical support at the beginning of the adoption of elearningprogram.
INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT): A PARADIGM SHIFT IN TEACHER EDUCATIONInformation and communication technologies (ICT) have become commonplace entities in allaspects of life. Across the past twenty years the use of ICT has fundamentally changed thepractices and procedures of nearly all forms of endeavor within business and governance.Education is a very socially oriented activity and quality education has traditionally beenassociated with strong teachers having high degrees of personal contact with learners. Theuse of ICT in education lends itself to more student-centered learning settings. But with theworld moving rapidly into digital media and information, the role of ICT in education isbecoming more and more important and this importance will continue to grow and develop inthe 21st century.. ICT helps in improving the quality of education stating that information andcommunication technology is an important instrument that can transfer the present isolated,teacher- centered and book-centered learning environment into a student –centeredenvironment. ICT can change the traditional concept of learning process and the componentsof ICT should be integrated in the education program me in such a way that teaching shouldbe enabled to face the new demands and improve the efficiency and effectiveness of educationat all levels in both formal and non-formal settings. Thus, we must accept the new paradigmand technology in teaching learning process. Educational institutions need to developstrategies, plan to improve teaching-learning process and ensure that all teachers are wellprepared to use the new tools for learning. The emergence of the knowledge-based society ischanging the global status of education .Now; it is the time to develop a new knowledge-basedglobal society. In developing countries like India, there are many untrained teachers in thisarea. The new ICT would be able to reach these teachers and can provide quality educationall around the globe.Key words: Information, Communication Technology, Paradigm , Teacher Education
RELEVANCE OF DISTANCE EDUCATION: A STUDY OF IGNOU PROGRAMMES IN PERSPECTIVE OF JAMMU REGIONAL CENTREDistance education has gained popularity all over the world a a means of extendingeducation to the masses. The wide spread usage for higher education witnessed thedevelopment of distance education system. The system has been recognized as a viablealternative system of education. During the last two decades, the system had significantimpact in the system of education in the developing as well as developed countries because ofits utility, higher effectiveness, high productivity, and greater flexibility in the scheme.Distance education therefore, is a method of imparting knowledge, skills and attitudes, whichis rationalized by the application of division of labour, extensive use of technical media,especially for the purpose of reproducing higher quality teaching material, which makes itpossible to instruct large number of students at the same time wherever they live. In nutshelldistance education is an industrialized form of teaching learning.On the other hand, Indira Gandhi national Open University was established at the centrallevel in 20th Sep, 1985, with the objectives of providing flexible, innovative and cost effectivehigher education, to all segments of the society, irrespective of any difference. It helps thecountry in removing imbalance which have existed in the formal education i.e. enrolment ofmale students vis-à-vis female students, rural as well as urban development, vocationaleducation as well as theoretical education. Thus, in other words its main task is to fulfillacademic, social and economic objectives.Establishment of Indira Gandhi national Open University Regional centre, Jammu in 1998 isone step forward in the field of distance education. This Regional Centre with 26 study centersthroughout Jammu region is also playing an important role in imparting higher education toal large population.Hence, it can be summarized that the institution of distance education have been playing animportant role by providing education to all sections of society, especially the group of‘people’ residing in remote, hilly and far flung areas of Jammu through its distance mode ofeducation.Key Words: Distance Education, IGNOU Programmes, Jammu Regional Centre
TEACHING STRATEGIES FOR FOSTERING HIGHER ORDER COGNITIVE SKILLS : THE NEED OF THE GLOBALISED ERAThe fast paced scientific and technological developments has transformed the whole worldinto a global village. Global warming, ozone depletion, oil spills, nuclear energy etc haveforced the thinkers across the world to make a reform in the education at all levels. We comeacross dilemmatic situation in our everyday life which requires us to make judicious use ofknowledge, solve problems, make unbiased decisions. In order to subsist these challengesbetter we need to prepare the future citizen who can make use of their higher order cognitiveskills like problem solving, decision making, critical thinking, rational thinking etc in animplicit way. This requires paradigm shift in teaching- learning technique form presidingalgorithmic lower order cognitive skills to higher order cognitive skills in concurrenteducational system. This paper attempts to throw light on the role of teachers in the promotionof higher order cognitive skills into the class room. The teaching strategies used for thepromotion of higher order cognitive skills are discussed along with the challenges.Key words: higher order cognitive skills, lower order cognitive skills, problem solving,teaching strategies
GENDER INEQUALITY IN JAMMU & KASHMIR STATE IN CONTEXT TO EDUCATION, HEALTH AND ECONOMIC ACTIVITIESdifferences between these two sexes-when we use the word gender , however we are goingbeyond anatomical/biological differences between male and female to their sociallyconstituted roles and status. For example ,when one uses the word feminity the socialexpectations of feminine qualities may be nurturing , caring , delicate, irrational initiative,submission ,non-aggression etc. "The word gender" is often used as a synonym for "sex". Sex,refers to biological characteristics and features that make someone female or male. Genderhas also been misused as a synonym for "women" or "female". For the present study, Jammuand Kashmir is chosen as unit of the study. The state of Jammu and Kashmir is one of thelargest states of the India. It lies between 32o-15’ and 37o-05’ North latitude and 72o-35’ and83o-20’ East longitude. The area of Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir is 101387sq.k m andit comprises three natural regions viz., Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh. Various Data sourcesprimarily include Census of India 2011 and supplemented with State Digest of Statistics andother published work wherever necessary. A most evident reflection of gender discriminationcan been seen at the alarming decline rate in sex ratio,be it at the national level or to thematter the J&K state.In case of J&K state, as depicted from various surveys, reports and census, genderinequality is clearly a matter of concern. Taking education as a starting point, there is nearly27% gap between males and females in case of literacy rate. It clearly reflects the attitude ofthe society towards female education. Although, the literacy rate of education of females hasincreased from 9.28% to 49.12%, yet it is evident that gender gap has increased from 17.47to 27.63. One of the greatest concern, so far as gender discrimination is concerned is that ofmale-female sex ratio. J&K is categorized in those states which have the worst sex ratio.Despite several steps taken state government or non-government organizations , it seems thatthey have failed to curb this social menace. J&K has shown 82 points decrease in census 2011to 883.
LEARNING DISABILITY : A CASE STUDYThe present investigation was carried out on a girl name Harshita who has been identifiedwith learning disability. She is presently studying at ‘Udaan’ a school for the special childrenin Shimla. The girl was brought to this special school from the normal school where she wasstudying earlier when the teachers and parents found it difficult to teach the child with othernormal children. The learning disability the child faces is in executive functioning i.e. sheforgets what she has memorized. When I met her I was taken away by her sweet and innocentways. She is attentive and responsible but the only problem is that she forgets within minutesof having learnt something.Key words : learning disability, executive functioning, remedial teaching
AN ASSESSMENT OF HEALTH RELATED QUALITY OF LIFE IN FEMALE PARTICIPANTS EXERCISING IN THE GREEN AND INDOORSThe aim of the present investigation was to assess the Health Related Quality of Life inPeople Exercising in the Green and Indoors. For the purpose of the study fifty subjects (50female) who exercise in the green and indoors were selected. The age group of the subjectranged from 30 to 50 years. The data was collected by administering questionnaire SF-36developed by Ware and Sherbourne. In order to analyze the data a detailed descriptivestatistics was applied and the level of significance was set at 0.05. The result of the studyindicates that there was a significant difference obtained on the Health Related Quality of Lifebetween people exercising in the green (outdoors) and indoors and the outdoor people had ahigher score in Health Related Quality of Life and as well as in all the subscales of HealthRelated Quality of Life.
ROLE OF TEACHER IN RURAL HIGHER EDUCATION: A CRITICAL ANALYSISHigher Education generally refers to education in post higher secondary institutions collegesand universities. It is widely recognised that Higher Education can play a vital role in thedevelopment process of a country. India has encountered a great challenge in improving itshigher education. Teaching is an art and skill by dint of which a teacher can transferknowledge to the students in an efficient and effective manner. A successful teacher is requiredto be equipped with the characteristics like mastery of subject matter, professional training,sound physical and mental health, devotion and dedication to this profession. Teachers work‘in\\\' a system, whereas the Head of an institute works ‘on\\\' the system and continuouslyimproves the Quality of higher education in rural areas with the help of teachers. Studentsstudy and learn ‘in\\\' a system, and the teachers have to continuously work ‘on\\\' the system toimprove the teaching Quality especially for rural mass. Involvement in education for ruralmass is what makes learning activities a pleasure. Therefore, in this paper an attempt hasbeen made to discuss the role of the teacher in rural higher education and how it contributesfor the betterment of the same for each of us.
FUTURE TEACHER WITH WEB2.0With the advancement of technology, educators are showing an increased interest in ICT andinternet for their teaching and learning. Web 2.0 Technology is the power full tool which hasshifted the education system from traditional teaching concepts to student centred teachingenvironment. Day by day these applications are being very common and developed to increasethe usage flexibility of web technology. Web 2.0 offered to modern teaching and learningsystem with effective activities and social interactions. To access the information complexcomputer technical knowledge or design technology is not essential. Web2.0 provides such aplatform where educators write about their own experiences and ideas related to a coursetopic and can be used to develop learning communities for teacher preparation to improvestudent engagement. This paper will discuss about the Web 2.0 - a new approach of ICT inteacher education with their undefined characteristics.Keywords - Teacher Education, , Social Interaction, Teacher preparation.
BSE 100 MARKET CAPITALIZATION FOLLOWS SENTIMENT OF INVESTORS OR TECHNICAL METHODS- AN ANALYTICAL STUDYThe first and largest securities market in India, the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) wasestablished in 1875 as the Native Share and Stock Brokers\\\' Association.1 BSE-100 waslaunched in January 03, 1989 and was previously known as the BSE National Index . The baseyear for this index is 1983-84 with base index value fixed at 100 points. BSE-100 waslaunched on full market capitalization method and shifted to Free-Float methodology effectivefrom April 5, 2004. The Index has 100 companies with varying weightages. BSE calculates adollar-linked value of SENSEX called Dollex series of BSE indices. 2BSE 100 is a broad basedIndex. It is well used for a lot of constructive work for Analysts as well as Researchers. Thisstudy is to find, whether BSE 100 moves in line with technical methods (valuation or marketlevels) or not. Here the researcher has taken two independent variables such as adjusted close& P/E against Market Capitalization. The principal aim is to find out relation among thesevariables and derive a clear way out from this long awaited solution. Multiple Factor Analysisis used to study the movements & possible correlations.Key Words:- P/E, Sentiment, Confidence, Correlation, Adjusted Close
TEACHERS OF GIFTED IN SCIENCEGiftedness in science has existed in classrooms and it poses special demands on thescience teachers. To address major challenges of identifying and nurturing gifted andtalented in science, the teachers need to be equipped with adequate strategies to createsuitable learning environment. They need to be actively involved in making science relevantand challenging for their learners. A lot of support is thus expected from teacher educationprogrammes so as to ensure that the teachers feel proficient enough to meet the diverselearning needs of the gifted, with responsibility. This paper intends to critically look at theteacher education programmes with special reference to exploring possibilities andopportunities provided to future teachers in order to endow them in promoting gifted andtalented in science. Hence, different aspects of teacher education programmes of two centraluniversities in India and one state university are thoroughly examined. Investigation revealsthat promoting and sustaining giftedness in classrooms does not form an inclusive part of thetotal teacher preparation programmes and that most of the sensitization of future teachersdepend upon the teacher educators’ own initiation.Key Words: gifted, science, teachers & teacher education
SUCHANA ENVA PRODYOGIKI ME HINDI KA PRAYOG : SAMSYA ENVA SAMBHAVNAY
MAN POWER DEVELOPMENT IN SPECIAL EDUCATION& REHABILITATION IN INDIA: NEED AND REQUIREMENTThe Census of India (2011) estimates that the total number of disabled population is 26,810,557 which indicates that they need Education, Training and Rehabilitative Services. The manpower development in the area of special education and rehabilitation is regulated by Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI), a statutory body under Ministry of Social justice & Empowerment. The present strength of personnel and Professionals in the field of Special Education and Rehabilitation is 67738 (RCI, 2011). The disabilities for which manpower development programme are conducted in different categories ranging from certificate to Master Degree in Regular, Distance and Online mode are Hearing Impairment, Mental Retardation, Visual Impairment, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Learning Disability, Loco-Motor Impairment and Neurogenic Disorder, Speech and Hearing, Community Based Rehabilitation, Multiple disabilities and others. In a total RCI conducts 60 different courses in regular mode and 8 courses in distance mode. There is a need of focusing new courses in the area of Special Education and Rehabilitation including more emerging disability and evidence based practices. The courses which are needed in the present context are superspecialised and employment oriented. The training centers which are imparting training for manpower development are also concentrated to certificate and diploma level. As Rashtriya Ucchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) is going to be implemented at higher education level, more focused programme has to be designed for smooth inclusion of Persons with Disabilities in University level institutions.
A RESEARCH PAPER ON “STUDY OF EMPLOYEE’S PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMManaging human resources in today\'s dynamic environment is becoming more and more complex as well as important. Recognition of people as a valuable resource in the organization has led to increases trends in Employee maintenance, job security, etc. Research deals with "Performance Appraisal" as carried out in LARSEN AND TOUBRO (EWAC ALLOYS LIMITED). In this report, I have studied & evaluated the performance appraisal process as it is carried out in the company. The first section of paper deals with a detailed company profile. It includes the company\'s history, its activities and operations, organizational structure, etc. This section attempts to give detailed information about the company and the nature of its functioning. The second section deals of researchwith performance appraisal. In this section, I have given a brief conceptual explanation of performance appraisal. It contains the definition, process and significance of performance appraisal.In the third section of my research, I have conducted a research study to evaluate the performance management system L & T (EW AC). This section also contains my findings, conclusions, suggestions and feedback. Keywords: Performance, appraisal, year, training, development, senior, Superior, Subordinate