-,2012, Vol - /
ISSN: 2278 – 8808
An International Peer Reviewed
Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies
Blending ICT in Teacher EducationIn this paper a humble effort has been made to emphasize the importanceof ICTs in teacher education programmes especially for Indian context.Former Hon’ble President of India Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam once said “ If acountry is to be corruption free and become a nation of beautiful minds, Istrongly feel there are three key societal members who can make adifference. They are the Father, The Mother and the Teacher.” This greatopinion significantly justifies the importance of a teacher in anyeducational system.Key Words:- ICT, Teacher Education
SHIKSHAK PRASHIKSHANATIL GUNVATTAVADHICHA VISHLESHANATMAK DRUSHTIKON
Teacher Training Curriculum Design: Development and ImplementationToday’s political, social, demographic, economic, cultural andtechnological realities have forced University to reflect on the mission andorganization of education and these realities have altered work and theiroccupational structure. Our education system has to change in rhythm withchanging needs of individual if it is to be dynamic and functional. It ischallenge for our primary and secondary education and need of skillfulteachers because teacher is the maker of man (Sir John Adams), so there isa need to bring teacher training programs into line with the changesaffecting the system as a whole, in order to adapt them to the new realitiesthat will define the world of education in coming years.Key Words: Teacher Education, Curriculum Development
Study of an effectiveness of Innovative teaching methodology for stress free education at Teacher Education CollegeToday’s world is world of Modernization Globalization. In this world each and every personfrom child to old aged enter in a rat race of competition and tries to prove his identity.It is a need of time to create, able, creative, intellectual young generation which will leadthe country towards success.But because of too much expectations of Parents too much pressure of studies & networkof competition many of students get stressed and most of them commit suicide. The questionarise who is responsible for such situation ? The answer will be present system of Education.A changes need to be brought to minimize the stress & get better result For that as a teacherwe have to use innovative method should be planned while teaching.An experiment is carried out by me in teacher education college in which power pointpresentation is used and students participation through group interaction is done by makingstudents learning enjoyable and stress free. This method got a good feedback by many studentswhich proved its effectiveness.This if such innovative method are used for teaching then the students intellectual and selfconfidence will increase & they will use to knowledge attained by them for their own progress &ultimately for the progress of nation or worldKey Words: innovative teaching, stress, teacher education
Understanding Pre-service Teachers’ Attitudes towards Teaching Profession to build Effective, Affective and Reflective Teachers’ for tomorrow’s learners – A Futuristic Challenge in Teacher EducationThe whole identity of the preservice teacher as a budding teacher dependson his/her attitude towards teaching profession. Teachers’ attitudes areimportant because they would determine the course of action thepreservice teacher would take in her teaching journey. This study explorespre-service teachers’ motivation for entering teaching profession and theirattitude towards teaching profession. A total of 38 pre-service teacherscompleted a two-part questionnaire exploring their motivations forbecoming teachers & their attitude towards teaching profession. The studyreveals that most of the respondents have taken up teaching because theyenjoy interacting with children and are keen to be humanistic in theirteacher-taught interactions, then it is to be taken into account that whyteachers don’t continue to mirror similar attitudes and what action plancan be taken to create passionate & committed teachers. The final partdiscusses the implications for the continual enhancement of teachereducation programmes to build Effective, Affective and ReflectiveTeachers’ for tomorrow’s learners.
G.A.M.E. Module – An Effective Approach to LearningTeachers mould the young minds who are the future citizens of ourcountry. Therefore it is very essential that the objective of the B.Edprogram should be to equip student teachers with proper skills andattitudes necessary to carry out this task. A practice which we haveimplemented and tried to find out its effectiveness is the G.A.M.E Model.
Inclusive Education and Teacher EducationChildren in special schools were seen as geographically and socially segregatedfrom their peers, and the initial movement to locationally integrate these studentsin mainstream schools (‘integration’) shifted to one where the whole school wasencouraged to become more adaptable and inclusive in its day-to-day educationalpractices for all students (‘inclusive education’). Pedagogy in particular washighlighted as the key to meeting all students’ educational needs by making thecurriculum flexible, and so more accessible. teaching methods which can makecurriculum accessible to children with disabilities can also make learningaccessible to all students (Ainscow, 2005; Ainscow, 1991), a teacher or schoolprincipal is well on the way to improving the overall quality of their school.Key Words:- Inclusion Education, Teacher Education
Challenges in Teacher Education through Distance ModeThe Government have set up a number of distance education institutions to makeaccess to higher education to a large number of both aspiring students and teachers.Undoubtedly, Distance Education has today emerged as a very significant tool inproviding education. This method has evolved over the years to reach a much widergroup of students and community to include them in the generation of informationpower. Knowledge, today, can be provided in so many ways and Distance Educationfits in very well to cater to this increasing need which is across the nation. InformationTechnology has enhanced the power of this mode of education and has over a periodof time to fill the gap between the "distance" that exists between students andteachers.Distance education has also undergone a tremendous change – paper, pen toe-mode.This paper attempts to bring out why these types of institutions are imperative if thecountry has to achieve the desired Gross Enrolment and to deal with shortage ofqualified teachers and a strong discrimination against students and teachers graduatingfrom such mode of education and their recruitment. So the challenge is how to resolvethe issues without diluting quality of education.Key words: Experiences, Challenges, Teacher Education, Distance Learning
Knowledge and attitude about Inclusive Education of school teachers: A studySuccess of Inclusive Education depends on various factors, of whichteacher is the most important factor. For becoming a competent andsuccessful Inclusive teacher, it is necessary to have required knowledge,skills, democratic attitude, positive attitude and an attitude of collaborationand networking.The present study examined knowledge and attitude of school teachers inurban and rural Pune about school teachers. 300 school teachers wereselected from various schools from urban and rural Pune, Maharashtra.The tools used are Attitude scale for inclusion and knowledge test onInclusion.The results indicate overall positive attitude ofschool teachers towardsinclusive education and the knowledge level of school teachers aboutinclusive education are significantly low. Their concept of inclusiveeducation is unclear. They are not clear about Government policies andplanning, how to identify different abilities in children, and what remedialtreatment can be given to them.
BHAVNIK PARIPAKVATA KARYAKRAMACHE VIKSAN V TYACHYA CHATRADHYAPKANCHYA TAN, KAUTUMBIK NATESAMBANDH V SHAIKSHANIK SAMPADANAVAR HONARA PARINAM
Challenges to Education: Perspectives and Prospects
ADHYAPAK SHIKSHA KE VYAVHARIK ANUBHAV
Challenges before Teachers in the era of GlobalizationThe age of globalization has brought in a sea change in the field of education. It has brought newchallenges before the teachers, students and society. Today foreign universities are eager tocollaborate with the Indian universities. The number of qualified teachers is less as compared tostudents. Another issue is of the use of ICT in teaching and learning. Even the criterion ofqualifying teachers is a matter of debate. Teachers need to motivate students for researchoriented study. The quality of research needs to be under examination. The higher educationneeds to put in efforts to reach upto the mark in the world of competition. The challenges are tobe met with a joint effort on the part of the government, students and teachers which will resultin a pleasant picture of the society and consequently the nation itself.Keywords: Globalization, Higher education, GATS [General Agreement on Trade in Services]UGC, AICTE
Development of Teacher Education Curriculum and Challenges in Transaction“People in India have been slow to recognize that education is aprofession for which intensive preparation is necessary as it is in anyother profession!” So to prepare competent teachers for the modernIndia, the curriculum should be complete and competent. Regardingthis issue this study focuses on the curriculum development andchallenges in transaction of Teacher Education Programme.Teacher Education refers to the policies and procedures designed toequip prospective teachers with knowledge, attitudes behavirous andskills which they require to perform. So while designing a curriculumof Teacher Education Programme the Feedback and expectation ofconcerns be considered. The national aspiration and need, cultural andsocial change should be reflected through curriculum. This studyfocuses on Teacher Education curriculum design and challenges duringtransaction.
Upcoming challenges and issues related to Technology and E-learning in Teacher EducationWhile e-learning (electronic learning) technologies are continuously developing,there are number of emerging issues and challenges that have significant impact on elearningteacher education. E-learning technologies comprise all forms of electronicallysupported learning and teaching. The information and communication systems, whethernetwork learning or not, serve as specific media to implement the learning process. Theterm will still most likely be utilized to reference out-of-classroom and in-classroomeducational experiences via technology, even as advances continue in regard to devicesand curriculum. Content is delivered via the Internet, intranet/extranet, audio or videotape, satellite TV, and CD-ROM. It can be self-paced or instructor-led and includesmedia in the form of text, image, animation, streaming video and audio. This paperreports on challenges and issues which have been facing in technology and e-learning inteacher education. It includes the facts that by making presentation of outlining oftechnology and e-learning issues are important in teacher education.Keywords: ICT, e-learning, teacher education
Managing Constructive Learning through ICT Empowered TeachingThe learners can build knowledge actively through theinteractions with environmental stimuli. Constructive learningincorporates a learning process wherein the learner gains his ownconclusions through the creative aid of the teacher as a facilitator. Theteacher must ask open-ended questions and leaving time to allow thestudents to think and analyze a response, based on their experiences andpersonal inquiry. Open-ended questions and critical thinking encouragestudents to seek more than just a simple response or basic facts andincorporate the justification and defense of their organized thoughts. Thisleads to challenging other hypotheses, defending their own, andsupporting real-world situations with abstract supporting data.
JAGTIKIKARNAT MAHAVIDYALAYIN SHIKSHKAPUDHIL AAVHANE
Research Interest of Novice Teacher Educators: A studyThis research is intended to study the Research Interestof noviceteacher educators. The objectives of the study were to study the ResearchInterestof novice teacher educators, to compare Research Interestof maleand female novice teacher educators, to compare Research Interestof ruraland urban novice teacher educators, to compare Research Interestof noviceteacher educatorsfrom science and non science faculty and to compareResearch Interestof novice teacher educators from Marathi and Englishmedium.
Blending ICT in Teacher EducationThe ICT revolution has influenced almost every aspect of humanbeing including education. Teacher need to move with the times. For thisthe training of teacher in ICT skills is must. The various schemes andprogrammes have been launched both at government and nongovernmentlevels to develop ICT skills in teacher. Various Universities have designedspecific courses for teacher education through ICT. ICT is a powerful andeffective means for education.
SHIKSHAK SHIKSHANATIL E-ADHYAYANACHE SHATRUSANDHO VISHLESHAN
Alternative Education: Home SchoolingUnder its “SarvaShikshaAbhiyan (SSA) policy”, the Government of India, Ministry of HumanResource Development (MHRD) has been endeavoring to provide Basic Education to allchildren, youth and adults in the country. There has been a lot of educational research andexperimentation just to provide best of the education to the children throughout the world insecond half of the twentieth century.The National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) haslaunched the Open Basic Education (OBE) Programme, as an alternative educationalprogramme, equivalent to the Elementary Education Programme of the formal educationsystem.The OBE Programme explores and makes use of the potentialities of Distance EducationMode (DEM) for reaching the unreached. The Foundation Course of NIOS has been subsumedinto the Open Basic Education (OBE) Programme. OBE Programme provides an elementaryeducation at three levels, for school drop-outs and neo-literates, out of school learners (e.g.homeschoolers)through Accredited Agencies. There are many new policies and practices are beingpracticed to overcome the present problems. But still there are many questions are remainingunanswered and thus giving new approaches to the educational research. Thus to overcome theproblems related to three areas - Dropout prevention, special education and At-risk youth thealternative methods to traditional education system aroused. The alternative education could begiven within or outside the Public School System. In Modern time the alternative education isconsidered to be the nontraditional education system which includes charter schools, alternativeschools, independent schools, and home-based learning which often emphasize the value ofsmall class size, close relationships between students and teachers, and a sense of community.
Quality concerns of teacher training through distance modeThere are two modes of Teacher Training that are organized for preparingteachers. One of them is the conventional teacher education and the other isthe distance education program. Distance education or distance teaching hasemerged as a very useful mode of facilitating education to learners in everyfield since its conception. It had begun in a very humble way ascorrespondence education in traditional institutions and used only print asmedium of instruction but very soon evolved into independent, autonomousorganisations as Open Universities offering open education throughmultimedia instruction. For teacher education too it has evolved into analternative and almost parallel means of education today. Today a professionaldegree in education for a teacher has become mandatory and due to the lack ofenough trained teachers schools and colleges are compelled to recruituntrained graduates. Thus in an attempt to find solution to many suchquestions we have no second opinion today that distance education is the needof the hour. The question however arises that looking at the nature of contactsessions in a distance mode how do we ensure quality of the teachers who gettheir degree through the distance mode until and unless they are selfmotivated.Key words: Distance Education, Teacher Training
Effect of Video and Computer Games on Behavioral Disorder of AdolescentEducation system continues to face stern challenges due to swiftlytechnologies changes and consequences of that. Beside growing computerand information technology in world some new pattern of activities inrecent decades grown up such as video and computer games that effect ofthem on children and adolescents users become new educators andparents source of concern. They are interactive games where user has topractice more and more in order to be the best and if the game has anegative content will effect on children’ behavior as a result of potentialacting reciprocally .Main goal of this study is to identify adolescents’abnormal behavior due to using computer and video games. And inadditional categorized the participants’ favorite video and computer gamesaccording to contents. Five hundred and seventy 14 to 16-year-old boysfrom four schools participated. result have shown statistically reliabledifference between the mean number of higher (M: 1.44 ,SD : .97 ) andlesser ( M: 1.09 , SD: 1.02 ) than mean time user of video andcomputer game in hostility Dimension , t ( 570) : 4.168 , p: .01 , α :.05.
Learning Experiences in School Based SubjectLearning is continuous & lifelong process. To modify or to change or to innovate the behavior,the learning experiences are essential. The goal of education is all round development of thechild .To achieve this goal; learning is most important process. Learning leads to positive changein behavior. Learning occurs when child has an experience. The better understanding, acquiringknowledge, abilities, skills & attitude are essential things in the process of learning. In traditionalschool environment, majority teachers give factual information about every subject. Onlyimparting such information does not lead to understanding of particular topic in any subject.Learning experiences can be classified as direct & indirect experiences. Direct experiences referto learning activity, which involves firsthand experience, while indirect experience doesn’tinclude firsthand experience. In practical learning situations, there is always a combination ofboth the experiences.
Need of Expansion and Specialization of Teacher Education in IndiaThe conceptual paper discusses about the importance of teacher trainingfrom KG to PG. Initially paper focuses on current status of teacher education in India.It also suggests nature of courses of teacher education in various disciplines. Need ofteacher education programme in various disciplines has been explained in the paper.The paper discusses about advantages and challenges of the implementation ofteacher education programmes. Main intension of the paper is to make thesensitization of development and implementation of teacher education programme forall levels i.e. Extension and developing discipline wise different programmes i.e.specialisation.Keywords – teacher education, training, teaching, primary education, secondaryeducation, technical education, medical education, education in India, NET/SET exam,professional development, methods of teaching, faculties of education, degreeeducation, PG, KG
Emotional Intelligence and Teacher EducationThe Emotional skills assessment process and emotional learning system providean assessment and learning process to help teachers develop a plan of action tolearn and apply emotional intelligence skills. Teachers who intentionally developemotional skills and model emotionally intelligent behavior on a daily basisexperience more success and satisfaction in their professional career and life.Emotionally intelligent teachers are more resilient and proactive in responding tostressors and less likely to react to stress. Teachers who model emotionalintelligence are characterized by: intentional reflective (not reactive) behavior,more flexible (not resistant to change), assertive communication (not aggressiveor passive), more optimistic and hopeful (not pessimistic and negative), and relieson skills and positive habits (not reactive habits) and such transformation inteacher’s personality is possible only through teacher education programs andpolicies.Key Words: Emotional Intelligence, Teacher Education
Teaching Science with Project Method:Problems & RemediesScientific temperament canbe inculcated in children from a very early stage, if theyare taught science subject in an innovative and creative way. Studies have proved thatthe best method to learn science is project method (PM). In PMthe teacher has todirect the students to solve a practical problems which is a challenging task. In thispaper “ The problems faced by high school teacher’s while teaching Science subjectusing project method” are discussed . The paper alsosuggest some remedies overthem.
A Journey from Behaviour to Attitude towards Inclusive EducationUniversity of Pune changes B.Ed curriculum and added some topics in educationalpsychology related to inclusive education. Topics are related to concept of integrationeducation and inclusive education and what is the psychology of special child. As ateacher educator we have curiosity to know the pre-service teacher’s attitude andshould started the process from behaviour to attitude towards inclusive education?So this study was focusing on pre-service teacher’s attitude towards inclusiveeducation. And to confirm a journey from behaviour to attitude towards inclusiveeducation. For this we selected sample from M.Ed. students who had completedhis/her B.Ed. Training under University of Pune. Sampling method was Purposivesampling method and the nature of sample was heterogeneous because sample from 2sexes group i.e. male and female. And some students had teaching experience andsome didn’t have any experience.
Developing Entrepreneurship Teaching Approach Using “Picture” Games for Educational Psychology in B.Ed ClassroomCan we use entrepreneurship teaching approach for B.Ed. classroom? Ifso, should we use for educational Psychology? We have this curiosity inmind so we can develop entrepreneurship teaching approach using“Picture” games for Educational Psychology in B.Ed classroom.Entrepreneurship education is simply a functional education andLEARNING BY DOING. In Entrepreneurship education for EducationalPsychology it is hands-on activities which involve active participation ofthe learners in the learning process. In this paper attempt would be madeto describe how picture game, as resource in Educational Psychology canbe used in teaching.Key Words: Entrepreneurship, Teaching Approach, EducationalPsychology
Globalization and Teacher EducationGlobalization is a process of integrating the nation states by removingor minimizing the restrictions on the movement of material resources,financial resources, labor, technology and ideas. An importantcomponent of globalization in relation to education is the need forproducing higher quality manpower that can successfully face thecompetition in the world. In this age of globalization we need to makethe system of teacher education more innovative and futuristic in orderto respond to the changing demands of the society. To maintain thestandards and to update the quality of teacher education we requirecommitment and training of people concerned. The article is focusedtowards challenges in teacher education. This paper informs aboutviews of teacher educators regarding challenges in teacher education inthe context of globalization. For this purpose the researchers conductedsurvey in teacher education institute. The summary of the views ofteacher educators shows that quality of teacher education is depends onquality of teaching practice, new information technology and Elearningin the age of globalization. Teacher’s quality, knowledge oftechnology, curriculum are the important challenges faced by teachereducation in the context of globalization.Key words: Teacher education, Globalization, Challenges in teachereducation
ICT in education: The role of the Teacher Training.Role of teacher training in the process of educational innovation and the implementationof ICT is very important. The teacher training institutes are providing the teachers of thefuture and teachers are the key figures in arranging learning processes. Researchergathered additional information on the role of the teacher by visiting schools where ICTis already being used ‘extensively’. Information on organizational level was gathered andinterviews were conducted with teachers. These interviews were aimed at the teacher’stasks, roles and required competences to fulfill these tasks and roles properly. In addition,literature on job profiles of teachers and implementation literature was studied. Theresearch shows that the implementation of ICT cannot be realized by blueprints. Schoolsand teachers should learn and should be able to design their own educational situation,possibly choosing from the varied potential ICT has to offer.
A Study of Professional Attitude of Higher Secondary Teachers in UT of Dadra and Nagar Haveli.Teaching is a profession, which provides highly specialized intellectual services. Ateacher’s effectiveness is determined by his/her mental health, knowledge of subjectmatter, personality, social and professional adjustment and most importantly his/herattitude. Teacher’s professional attitude may be considered the most importantfactor, which may predict the success in that profession. The present study is basedon the higher secondary teachers. Their professional attitude and competencies areknown to have greater impact on their style of teaching and classroomperformance.The study was conducted through descriptive type of research. In orderto carry out dense research activity, survey method was applied by the researcher.The population included all the higher secondary teachers of UT – Dadra and NagarHaveli, wherein sample was selected through stratified random sampling technique.The stratification was done on the basis of different streams at higher secondarylevel namely Arts, Commerce and Science. Tools used for the study werequestionnaire, opinionnaire and interview schedule. The data was analyzed with thehelp of statistical techniques namely Chi-test, T-test and Percentile. It was found thatthe overall scenario regarding professional attitude in higher secondary teachers ofUT- Dadra Nagar Haveli is satisfactory. The degree of job satisfaction among highersecondary teachers is reasonably strong, which can be enhanced by minimizing thedrawbacks related to work load and autonomy provided by the authorities
Teacher Education through Distance ModeAfter independence during 1950s large number of schools were to be established andmore teacher need to be appointed every year and regular teacher training institutions wasnot adequate but large number of untrained teachers were working in school Hence theneed for training through correspondence –Cum – Contact programme arose during1960s . The experiment of summer – school – cum correspondence course for awardingB.Ed degree give rise to a new type of mass scale correspondence cum contact course forB..Ed degree which was launched by several universities. Correspondence /DistanceEducation programme effectively cover theoretical aspect of teacher education. NCTEcompendium entitled “Curriculum Framework for Quality Teacher Education has aptlystated that DE is emerging as an alternative to the formal Education systemOver a few decades the demand for admission to B.Ed degree programmes hasconsiderably increased partly because of the increasing demands as a result of this privetteacher education colleges has sprung up so problems of admissions to distanceeducation mode program is increasing year to year and another problems in DE modeare become challenges for teacher education through distance mode.
Study the Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation Scheme at secondary schoolSchool education is a basic education that everybody should educate in thecountry. This expectation realized in ‘Education for All’ scheme of education.The time of our independence many commission and committees emphasisedupon the free and compulsory education. National Policy of Education laid somuch importance on school education. Every student at the school level layingdown minimum levels of learning and emphasised upon ContinuousComprehensive evaluation scheme at school level.
Innovations in Teacher Education: An Integration of Modern Techniques with Traditional onesThe challenges faced by teacher education institutions raise pertinent questionsfor both the school systems and the governments. On one hand , the school systemhas to grapple with the problems of teacher quality and the increasing student andsocietal expectations, Governments on the other hand are struggling to provide theteacher education system an environment that fosters innovation and match therequirements of the school sector. This calls for a breakthrough and innovativethinking on the part of all the stakeholders.This paper is an attempt to integrate the modern techniques with the traditionalone to enhance the quality of teacher and in turn teacher education.Keywords: Teacher education, Innovation, Modern Techniques, Quality.
Classrooms without Walls and Remote TeachersToday the world is experiencing an unprecedented change,developments in science and technology, media, internationalizationof education and the ever expanding competitive environments arerevolutionizing the educational scenario. The new challenge beforethe country at the beginning of the 21st century is not only to become adeveloped society and have a vibrant economy run by talent andachievement, but to improve and enhance the qualities of a teacherwho proves to be an indirect source for the economic developments. Itis therefore in this competitive world market that Indian Educationsystem in general and Teacher Education in particular should play anew role to provide the nation and the world at large with skilledhuman power (competent teachers at all levels).
Teacher Education Scenario in Punjab: A Status StudyIncreasingly demanding and complex market forces require revitalized teacher educationsystems. It is a pertinent expectation that the teacher education institutions exhibit vibrancyadequate for responding to theemerging paradigms of school education and the teacher rolesthereof. It is thus necessary that quality concern is explicit in every aspect of teachereducation programmes. But today all the universities want to privatise teacher educationprogramme without any quality control. As of today teacher training is one such professionalqualification quality, relevance and efficiency of which is under severe criticism. Althoughthe bodies like NCTE and NAAC are constantly striving not to dilute the standards of teachereducation programme, still the mushrooming growth of the teacher training colleges raiseeyebrows regarding the quality of the profession.The framework for this study includes studyand comparison of quality concerns for teacher education institutions in the light of NCTEnorms. Findings indicate the declining standards and quality in teacher education institutions.
Computer Assisted Instruction and ConstructivismDevoted paper deals with the comparisons of Computer Assisted Instructionlearning practices programme and an epistemology of Constructivism. No doubttechnology has made drastic changes in each and every aspects of Human life eventhough education sector is not excluded from it. The paper also explores concept ofConstructivism and CAI "Constructivism is not a theory about teaching…it is a theoryabout knowledge and learning… the theory defines knowledge as temporary,developmental, socially and culturally mediated, and thus, nonobjective." The paperalso focuses the light on characteristics, assumptions, and principals of Constructivismand CAI. CAI is the use of a computer as a medium of Instruction for Tutorial, drill andpractice, simulation or games, CAI is used for both initial and remedial training andtypically does not require that a computer be connected to a network or provide links tolearning resources outsides of the course.The Comparison of CAI and Constructivism is also incorporated verysystematically at the end section of this paper.Key Words: Computer Assisted Instruction, Constructivism
Teacher Education and Globalization: Implications and Concerns in the 21st Century.Education is a key to civilization and enlightenment and a source of wealth andpower. It is the cornerstone of the growth and development of any country’ssocial economic and political institutions. Globalization is a qualitatively newphenomenon of multi-dimensional nature posing a variety of complex trends inthe economic, social and cultural fabrics of all societies. No country can live inisolation without seeking impact of global trends and a change in all field of life.Teacher education plays a pivotal role in this era of globalization in shaping andreshaping the society and determining the quality of life in the community and thenation. Like all other professions, globalization is also affecting teachereducation. This paper focuses critically at the globalization and teachereducation: implications and concerns in the twenty first century. It unearths thestate and extent of the effect of globalization in education and finally it suggestshifts to be explored in teacher education.Key words: Teacher education, globalization, implication
Experiences of primary school teachers & challenges before teacher educationAs an integral part of educational system, teacher education in India has to be responsive to socio-cultural ethos and national development. It does not consist of institution-based activities only. Its scope has broadened and its objectives have become more focused during the last thirty years. Therefore, it is expected to engage itself in all endeavors of social and national reconstruction and regeneration, address itself to the social and educational problems, fulfill the expectations of the people, accelerate the process of nation building and assist in the realization of constitutional goals. It is true that considerable achievements have been made in all these directions. Teacher education cannot remain indifferent to its context and major concerns. In this experiment the researcher found the result like this, Children learn best by action followed by reflection and feedback. In teaching five A are important that is 1) Aim- Clear learning objective before starting any lesson by clear about what outcomes we want to see for the students 2) Activity- Experimental , start the lesson with the activity where children have their own experiences and try out 3) Analysis—Questioning & Concept Formation , introduced the concept to the students formally through questions and discussions. 4) Apply – Real life problem Solving , self study with reflective questions and challenging problems. 5) Assess- Measurement & Feed Back.
Developing Positive Attitude towards Teaching ProfessionTeaching is the noblest among all professions. Teachers help in shaping and reshaping the society and determine the quality of life in the community and the nation. So the teacher quality is crucial issue for the teacher education. To improve the quality of teacher education, competent and committed teacher educators are given due place for pious task of preparing future teachers. There has been rapid growth of education at all level which has resulted into increasing number of teachers as well as more schools. As a result, quality of education was sacrificed for the sake of quantity in education and the teacher education facilities could not be increased in the proportion to the number of teachers needed for the increase in enrolment at school level. As a result, untrained candidates with low academic qualifications were appointed as teachers. The deteriorating condition of teacher education is due to the lack of commitment and positive attitude towards teaching profession. Need of the hour is to have a five year professional course of teacher education after +2 stage and establishment of a national University of Teacher Education.Key Words: - Positive Attitude, Teaching Profession
Enhancing Learning through Stress-Free Education for Mathematics
Constructivist approach for Practice Teaching in Teacher Education ProgrammeToday’s buzzword in the field of Education is constructivism. It is relatively anew paradigm which takes into account the subjective, contextual and plurastic nature ofknowledge. It focuses on the learner’s active participation in the process of constructionof knowledge who search meaning by understanding problem in holistic framework.Accordingly National curriculum framework (2005) and (2010) emphasized onconstructivism and recommends that curriculum should help to become constructor ofknowledge and emphasizes active role of teacher. As corollary, teacher preparationshould also to be viewed in the context of constructivism and revitalized accordingly.As constructivist approach stress on ‘learning process’ critical feature inpracticing teaching programme in Teacher Education should be how knowledge isacquired by the learner in the cognitive and social context.The practice teaching programme is one of the major components of practicum coursewhere the constructivist pedagogy can be incorporated.The present paper focus on how constructivist pedagogy can be brought inplanning of lesson during practice teaching.
Training of Teachers through Distance Mode – The Experiences and Challenges of Training Urdu Medium TeachersTeacher training is an important professional programme. The Urdu medium teachers training is required to be highlighted in present scenario. The role of Maulana Azad National Urdu University (MANUU) in training teachers through pre-service and in-service programmes is praise worthy. The distance mode programme of MANUU is found very successful. In this article the authors looks into important components of B.Ed. Distance Mode programme, its functioning and challenges of teacher training in distance mode programmes in Urdu. Despite of all challenges it is found that the teacher education programme becomes largely successful in Urdu Medium.Key Words: Teacher Education, Distance Mode
Study of effectiveness of ICT training programme for primary teachersIn this age where students are given right to take education it is our duty to provide quality education from primary level. Such quality education can only possible when teachers are comforted from fatigue manual work of records. Teachers have to waste their time and energy to maintain records so they get less time and energy for teaching. If time and energy is saved, it can be utilized for quality enhancement of teaching. This can be possible with the help of ICT training. In this research paper researchers have tried to study effectiveness of ICT training programme for primary teachers. Methodology for this research is experimental method with single group pretest post test design. Sampling method was non probability purposive sampling. Quantitative data was collected through achievement test and qualitative data was collected through observations and feedbacks. Quantitative analysis was done through graph and qualitative data was analyzed using quantifications.Keywords: ICT program-primary teachers
Effectiveness of Blended ICT in teaching Science Method to B. Ed. StudentsIn recent years, ICT has paved the way for accelerating the paradigrm shift through providing more flexible way of learning. Blended Learning is an educational forma tion that integrates online learning techiques with traditional teaching methods. This study was undertaknen to study effectiveness of blended ICT approach over the con ventional method in teaching science method to B.Ed. students. The reserach method used in this study was an experimental method with parallel group design. Pretest- posttest equivalent group design was followed for this study. The result showed that the students learning through blended ICT are found to be better than studentslearning through traditional method of teaching.Keywords :- Blended learning, ICT, Online learning.
Curriculum Design and Transaction in Teacher Education: Present and FutureEnlightened, emancipated and empowered teachers lead communities and nations in their march towards better and higher quality of life. Teachers are the torch bearers in creating social cohesion, national integration and a learning society. They not only disseminate knowledge but also create and generate new knowledge. They are responsible for acculturating role of education. No nation can even marginally slacken its efforts in giving necessary professional inputs to its teachers and along with that due status to their stature and profession. Kothari Commission (1964-66) stated, “The essence of programme of teacher education is quality and in its absence, teacher education becomes not only a financial waste but a source of overall deterioration in educational standards”. Accepting that the existing teacher education programme are largely divorced from the realities of school, it is recommended that there should be reorientation of subject knowledge, vitalization of professional studies and to root the entire curriculum in Indian condition; development of special courses and programme, revision and improvement of curriculum in the light of globalization and need of the nation.Key Words: Curriculum Design, Transaction, Teacher Education
A study of Social Networking Sites Awareness ProgramEducation is a continuous, complex, dynamic and life long process. Now -a- days Social Networking sites occupy a prominent place in the life of a youth. A social networking site allows users to create a profile that introduces them to other members of the site. Profiles usually contain information about hobbies, photos, and short blog-like posts. In this context, every teacher should be aware of Social Networking sites. So the investigator decided to study on the awareness of social networking sites. The main objective of this study is ‘To investigate awareness of social networking among B.A. B.Ed. students in the age group of 18-20 years. For this the investigator plans to conduct pretest and posttest on the research group. The investigator followed “Experimental” method and developed a “Social Networking Sites Awareness Programme” (SNSAP) for First year B.A. B. Ed students of H.G.M. Azam college of Education. The present study shows that the B.A. B.Ed. trainees have adequate awareness on Social Networking sites.Key words: Social Networks site, Student teachers
Enhancing Learning and Teacher Education through ICT in Changing ScenarioQuality in education is rapidly evolving over time. Quality education is informed by the past; it is relevant to the present context and prepares the individuals for the future to lead a balanced life. Information and communication technologies (ICTs) are a major factor in shaping the new global economy and producing rapid changes in society. Within the past decade, the new ICT tools have fundamentally changed the way people communicate and do business. They have produced significant transformations in various fields of transaction. They also have the potential to transform the nature of education, where and how learning takes place and the roles of students and teachers in the learning process. For education to reap the full benefits of ICTs in learning, it is essential that pre-service and in-service teachers have basic ICT skills and competencies. Teacher education institutions and programmes must provide the leadership for pre-service and in-service teachers and model the new pedagogies and tools for learning. They must also provide leadership and accountability in determining how the new technologies can best be used in the context of the culture, needs, and economic conditions within the country. Teacher education institutions also need to develop strategies and plans to enhance the teaching-learning process within teacher education programmes and to assure that all future teachers are well prepared to use the new tools for learning.
ICT and Instructional Multimedia Content for conducting teachers training programsIn the globalize world, there is no alternative for the quality. It applies to education sector as well, especially in higher education. Because of rapid development and changes in Indian Education System, almost all teachers have to work in a competitive and challenging environment, where every teacher need to be updated with its own subjects as well as he or she need to acquire additional skills which will enforce their academic profile. To face the competitive environment at both work and Institutions, the teachers should have adequate Knowledge, Skills and desired Abilities to perform.To develop all teachers to face these global challenges, it is the major responsibility on Educational Institutions and Universities to provide quality education to their teachers. The major problem is the time and space for organizing special training programs for teachers as most of the teachers are engaged in various administrative and academic responsibilities of the institutions and universities.The main aim of this research paper is to encourage all the professors to use ICT and rich multimedia content developed with proper instructional approaches to conduct teachers training programs to improve overall teaching learning process. This will save a lot of time of training Such engaging and motivating training sessions will help teachers to understand and acquire new skills.Keywords – Instructional, multimedia, educational, content, Teachers training, ICT
A Study on Usage of Information and Communication Technology among P.G. Students in S. V. University in relation to certain sociological variablesInformation and communication technologies have transformed our world in many ways; yet, informal scholarly scientific communication forms a socio-technical interaction network in which communication is influenced by technology but defined by the social structures of scientists and their organizations. The main objective of the present study is to find out the usage of Information and Communication Technology among P.G. Students in S.V.Univrsity in relation to certain sociological variables. Sample comprised of 300 P.G. students in S.V.U. The usage of ICT among PG students questionnaire by Dr.S.Nirmal Devi and R.P.K.Kaliammal was used for the present study. Chi-square test was used for analysis of the data.Key Words: ICT, Sociological Variable.
Challenges and future of Teacher Education
Globalization and Teacher EducationIndia has the second largest system of schooling in the world. About five millionschool teachers are working in the country at different levels of schooling. In India,not only in the school system but also in the social system as a Catalyst of change anddevelopment throughout the present system of teacher education in our country, onecan say without any fear of contradiction that it is in deep crisis. It is sad that in spiteof appointing several commissions and committees by the government we have failedto create teacher education programmes tailor made to meet the needs of the presentday society in India. At present we are confronted with challenges of knowledgeexplosion, revolutionary, changes in information and communication technology,value crisis, social religious conflicts and tension etc. unless the future teachers aremade sensitive to all these challenges. It is difficult for anyone to survive as a teacherand play the role expected of him. The phenomenon of globalization is considered asthe most wide spread trend our century has ever witnessed. So in this century teachereducation faced it of challenges in the context of Globalization.____________________________________________________________________Keyword- Globalization, Teacher Education
Google technology for teachersGoogle.com is a most popular search engine which people prefer to choose whenever they want to search something on internet. Google.com is ranked #1 in the world according to the three-month Alexa traffic rankings, and the site has been online for more than fourteen years8. Google developed several services in recent years which are more valuable for searching information quickly. Teacher is a most important part in learning process. Consequently, teachers must know the use of technology for inclusion into learning process. Hence, in this paper, the author attempts to present an overview of some of the important services of Google and their application for teachers.Key Words: Google, search engine, teacher, etc.
Innovation in the Teaching of Teacher EducatorsAccording to need of era, for improving the quality of school education it is necessary to bring changes in teaching learning field. To bring such changes in school- teaching first it is necessary to bring such changes in teacher education. It is the responsibility of teacher education to introduce these techniques and make familiar student teachers about new ways of teaching which assist school students for learning. For introducing new ways of teaching, teacher educators are the role models, Teacher educators should adopt these strategies in their teaching. If teacher-educators will adopt these strategies in their teaching surely student teachers will understand that how to apply, how to use and how to administer such techniques in the class.To find how many teacher educators adopt such techniques, bring innovation in their teaching researcher undergone survey study and came to conclusion that most of the teacher educators are applying only lecture method for transaction of content. Need to bring innovation in teaching of teacher educators.Key Words: Teaching, Teacher Educator, Teacher Education.
Challenges of Technology and E-Learning Encounter by Teacher Educators -A StudyIt is clear that teacher educators are encounter with number of technological and e-learning challenges. It seems that most of the teacher educators does not have conceptual clarification about e-learning as well as they don’t have proficiency over ICT skills. However if all the teacher educators wants the qualitative development of the field then certain changes should be adopted. After all nations development is depend upon teachers’ quality. Hence following suggestions are given to the teacher education institutes ICT teacher training institutes and to the teacher educators:Key Words: Technology, E-learning, Teacher Educators
A Study of Teacher Educator Practices in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Based Curriculum Transaction.The challenge is to use ICT in teaching learning judiciously and effectively and if this is to happen then the change has to begin from the roots of education i.e., the teacher education system. The present research attempts to find out how the teacher educators are using ICT in their classrooms. The objectives were to analyze the ICT based curriculum transaction practices by teacher educators, to identify lacunae in ICT based curriculum transaction practices by teacher educators and to suggest improvements to the ICT based curriculum transaction practices by teacher educators. The results show that there is no uniformity or specific format or design or model which is used for curriculum transaction of an ICT based session. No criteria are used by teacher educators for selection of ICT tool for the ICT based session. Teacher educators do not consider the benefits of using specific ICT resources to the teaching learning process. Teacher educators do not use interactive ICT tools. Teacher educators do not use group work/ pair work during an ICT based session. Teacher educators use only questions as assessment tools.Key Words:- Teacher Educator, ICT, Curriculum Transtion
Use of Regional Languages Along With English In Field Of TeachingIn present paper we are trying to probe problem of communication between teacher and student & understanding subject because of English. Based on our survey at B.Sc. level, we examined the problem and are tying to give some simple and practical solutions.Key Words: Regional Languages, English Teaching
Education through Distance ModeEducation for the new millennium needs to enhance an individual’s ability to assimilate, evaluate and apply the available information. Education has dual function of transmitting to the new generation heritage of the past with its accumulated wisdom, and preparing it for the present and the future that the emergent needs of society and individuals hold before us. The entire gamut of teacher education revolves round linking of academic learning to life experiences. There are innumerable modes which made the teaching learning process(TLP) easier and interesting. The need of the country in twenty first century is to become a developed society by the year 2020, which is not only confined to a thriving knowledge, but also a new society where justice and human values prevail to be created.Distance Education has emerged as a new mode of teaching which is known as distance teaching. Communication is the most important factor in distance mode. Teacher education through distance mode requires content, presentation and communication awareness and the practice for teaching.Distance learning lends itself to a variety of interpretations which empowers it as a concept”. Distance Education" is an umbrella term which indicates the tangible distance between the learner and the teacher where the process of teaching and learning is not confined to the four walls of the classroom any more. With its horizontal mobility, Distance Education transcends the barriers of time, space, creed, community and religion, thus breaking the myth of elitism in conventional teacher education.Any professional training in distance mode should lay emphasis on progressive stages towards greater professionalism which should enable it to be seen both as a career and a discipline .Providing fulfledged professional training in distance mode is a positive and necessary step in this direction.Distance mode may be defined as the family of instructional methods in which the teaching behaviours are executed apart from the learning behaviours,including those that in a contiguous situation would lie performed in the learners’ presence, so that communication between the teacher and the learner must be facilitated by print, electronic, mechanical or other devices.The term “Distance Education”has been borrowed from the “European terms Fernunterricht” “Tele- ensignment” and “education a distancia ‘’ to describe all the teaching –learning arrangements in which the learner and teacher are normally separated by space and /or by time.Key Words: Education, Distance Mode
Cooperative learning approach to Science Education: An innovative practiceWith increasing awareness about merits of cooperative learning, National curriculum framework of India 2005 advocates use of cooperative learning in formal academic learning. Teacher education should be more sensitive to the emerging demands and should develop appropriate competencies in the student teachers. Considering this it was thought appropriate to implement cooperative learning approach in curriculum transaction of Science education and study its effect on student teachers’ perception about cooperative learning and teaching performance by using qualitative data and triangulation. Researcher found that student teachers incorporated various activities using cooperative approach in their lesson plans due to the approach applied in curriculum transaction. Student teachers also had clear perception about the techniques to be used for cooperative learning but they could not understand aspect of positive interdependence. It was concluded that cooperative learning approach can be successfully implemented in curriculum transaction of teacher education.Key Words: Co-operative Learning and Science Education
MBME (Mind-Body Management Education) program – Educational Tool for Self DevelopmentThis study of MBME (Mind-Body Management Education) program accepts a common sense approach that “self-development” is a natural part of what we can call “maturity”. Clearly, self development involves both the mind and body of the individual, and this thesis follows the original Eastern understanding, and current Western scientific understanding, of the unity of the mind and body. We are all aware of how the mind affects the body. But less well appreciated, changes in the body will affect the mind. The MBME is designed to provide participants with a physical movement program which includes the following qualities: flexibility, awareness, balance, breathing, beauty and grace. The hypothesis for this research project is that if an individual can learn to develop these qualities in their bodies, this will help them develop the same changes in their minds and their behavior.Key Words: Mind, Body, Management, Education, Self-development
A study of the awareness of value education in female student teacherValue education has acquired a new significance in the present system ofeducation and the word education includes itself the concept of valueeducation, with the need of time. Bachelor of the education course is themedium of implementing the values by various activities but the soul of thiscourse, the student teacher has really the awareness of this value education?And the second what’s the role of teacher educators in implementing theapplication of values by the student teacher? And these two things are thepoint of the view. So, that the researcher try to find out the awareness of valueeducation of student teacher on the basis of social and moral accountabilityabout this society.Keywords: Value Education, female student teacher.
Looking at a Research Report through De Bono’s Six Frames of Thinking about InformationResearch plays a very important role in Teacher Education, since it helps improve the quality of education and molding the future generation. The research report which is a vital part of research makes the readers understand the researcher’s thinking process. One is tempted to include all the information one gets in a research report. Edward de Bono, the father of lateral thinking, has provided ‘Six Frames’ for thinking about and extracting more value from information. This conceptual paper focuses on how one can use the six frames while looking at a research report. These frames can help guide researchers to think about the information they get while writing their research reports and evaluating them. This can improve the quality of research in Teacher Education. Thus these frames help us to focus our attention towards specific parts of the information, assisting us in clearly perceiving the information and guiding our thinking.Key Words: Research report, teacher education, six frames of thinking about information.
Globalization and Teacher EducationGlobalization refers to the increasingly global relationships of culture, people and economic activity. The term can also refer to the transnational circulation of ideas, languages, and culture. The wealth of nation is Knowledge - based system than land, building and money. Globalisation of education must be made to work for people. For that purpose we must take into account the following six factors, Ethics, Equity, Inclusion, Human security, Sustainability and Development. Education is the fundamental necessity for development. It can be exported and imported through various mechanisms. Therefore globalisation of education must care of different things. In globalisation important factor is knowledge. Educational system is driving force of globalisation. Teacher is an important factor in educational system. Through education and with the help of teacher any change can be made. In the world of globalization we are at the top in the world with the help of proper education and teacher education.Key Words: Globalisation and Teacher Education
Challenges and Experiences in Teacher Education ProgramThe present paper is focussed on today’s challenges faced in teacher educationprogram. Considering the present situation of TE, its curriculum, the teachereducator, teacher trainees, administrator, and management of particularinstitution faced problems of admission process. There is minimisation of thenumber of students in teacher education institutions. Intake capacity ofstudents in institution is not fulfilled. It creates overburden and job insecurityfor the members who are working in the respective institution. Increase theage limit for the job i.e. 60 to62- 65 years by rule. Because of this rule jobopportunity for the new comers is decreased. It also affect the mentality of theperson who taking the benefit of this rules that person is not taking so muchinterest in the academic work, lack of professional involvement in theinstitution. The majority of teacher trainees look at teacher education programas a passport to join in school means to become teacher. Therefore most ofthem de-motivated to move toward this profession. Even in non-aided collegesof education who don’t pay as per pay scale stipulated by the government.Another reason is unavailability of NET/ SET qualified students. This is theground reality due to which this profession don’t attract better personals whobecome better teacher educator , better administration. The present paperhighlighted the challenges and experiences in teacher education program.