OCT-NOV, 2016 SRJHEL

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18
Imapct Factor: 3.801
ISSN: 2348-3083
Date: 04-Dec-2016

An International Peer Reviewed

Scholarly Research Journal for Humanity Sciences & English Language


Jacob V. John

PEACE IN TURMOIL

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 3975/3979

 

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Ms. Jayshri Paranjpe

IN PURSUIT OF INNER PEACE

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 3980/3986

The World today is in a state of chaos. We have been beating around the bush and no one has come to any logical reasoning as to why there is so much intolerance, unhappiness and destruction prevailing in spite of diligent work being carried out by International Peace Organizations. This lecture as organized by and conducted at Oriental College of Education - Sanpada, talks on the very important aspect Peace. The pursuit of peace which is within can be attained by following a few principles laid down by our old age researchers, Saints and Preachers. It touches a very delicate topic of how and where the afflictions arise and throws light on the path towards eradicating these afflictions and walking on the lane which takes one towards tranquillity and blissful life. 

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Hatha Yoga Pradipika – Swami Muktibodhananda Patanjala Yoga Sutra – Dr. P V Vartak Bhagwad Gita Website: http://www.yogamag.net/archives/2005/dapr05/orjap.shtml Tukaramgatha Website: http://www.poemhunter.com/sant-dnyaneshwar/biography/

Ketan Laxman Kamble

BIBLICAL APPROACH TO EXPERIENCE PEACE

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 3987/3992

Present article focuses primarily on biblical strategies to pursue peace. It describes meaning of peace according to Old and New Testament of Bible, facts about peace in Bible and finally ways to pursue peace mentioned in it. Meaning and philosophy behind peace in Old and New Testament is different but well correlated. Peace is proclaimed by God, it is fruit of spirit, it is imparted by Jesus, godly people live in peace but there is no peace to wicked, unity is product of peace and we have to take efforts to pursue peace. We receive peace only through Jesus Christ, His Holy Blood, trusting on Him, by interceding for others, by loving word of God i.e. Bible, surrendering ourselves to Holy Spirit, by righteousness, seeking wisdom and being steadfast in God.

Keywords: peace, Bible. 

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Chelladurai, E. D. (2009). 101 Bible Lessons. Authentic Books. Secunderabad. Definition of peace. (n.d.). Retrieved October 17, 2016, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/peace Definition of peace. (n.d.). Retrieved October 17, 2016, from https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/peace Goldstein, E. (1997, December 1). A Study on Biblical Concepts of Peace in the Old and New Testaments. Retrieved October 19, 2016, from https://jewsforjesus.org/newsletter-dec-1997/a-study-on-biblical-concepts-of-peace-in-the-old-and-new-testaments

Ms. Ketki Satpute

INCULCATING VALUES OF PEACE IN GENERATION NEXT

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 3993/4001

In today’s world, with increasing levels of problems, challenges, conflicts, violence-there is an increasing sense of peacelessness among people. Today’s society is experiencing the peace-crisis. Everyone will agree that the need for generating peace consciousness among the growing generation is vital. This is especially so in the contemporary world where violence is increasing vertically and horizontally. Mahatma Gandhi once stated, “If we are to reach real peace in this world thenwe shall have to begin with the children”.  If we want our young people to be successful in the world they will inhibit, they will need more than the knowledge we can measure on traditional tests. They will need to be equipped with skills, attitudes and habits required for solving problems unimaginable today.   Such individuals will have self- awareness, values of tolerance, compassion and competence to deal with crisis in a creative manner. In order to develop these attitudes, skills and competencies among pupils, the institutions of family and school have to make conscious efforts to promote peace related skills.  This paper aims at an understanding of ways and means to incorporate peace feeling at all levels of schooling. It is also indicated that how peace can be implanted in the mind of sensitive child of twenty first century at the school.  It has suggested few strategies for inculcating values of peace as a way of life in the classroom and in various extra-curricular activities of the school. Through the participatory activities they will be able to internalise the basic concepts of peace with its values and skills.  They can effectively implement these in their daily life situations.  They would become the peace-builders of the nation and would help to create the more peaceful and beautiful world. 

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Adams, D. (2009). World Peace throughthe Town Hall. Self-published available at:http://www.cultureof.peace.info/books/worldpeace/introduction.html Boulding, E. (2000). Cultures of peace.The hidden side of history. New York: Syracuse University Press. pp. 89-106. Ezeoba, Kate Oge (2012). Strategies for Integrating Peace Education into Social Studies Curriculum for Junior Secondary (Basic 7-9) Schools in Nigeria. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/afrrev.v6i3 Kester, K. (2008) Developing Peace Education Programs: Beyond Ethnocentrism and Violence. Available at http://www.wiscomp.org/pp-v1/kevin_kester.pdf Easwaran, E. (1978). Meditation (2nd ed.). USA: The Blue Mountain Centre of Meditation.

Namrata Amit Sawant

PEACE FROM THE EYE OF GEN NEXT

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4002/4005


The definition of peace for every human is different. Everyone looks or tries to find out peace from varied zones. In today’s world we can see lot of things happening around us which bring negative energy. Due to which person’s inner peace shatters and a person may inculcate some unfruitful desires to attain the lost peace. But among all this the most effected zone is observed as youngsters. They are the immediate responders to any negative change around them. It is the responsibility of the society to help the coming generation develop their positive outlook. The youngsters can be from any strata of the society facing different problems but it is the responsibility of the society to help them identify some positive suitable ways which would take them to the path of progress and they can easily live a strong, healthy and happy life. But for that the youngsters must share their thoughts openly with their family and also understand the other moral values taught by their parents.

Keywords: Generation Next, Inner Peace, Children and Youngsters, Unfruitful Desires. 

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http://economicsandpeace.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/Global-Terrorism-Index-2015.pdf http://www.buildingpeace.org/think-global-conflict/issues/youth-and-peacebuilding http://unoy.org/ http://keystopeace.com/ http://www.international-alert.org/what-peace http://www.peacefulgenesee.com https://www.janetlanier.com/work/dream-of-peace-for-harp

Pratibha Digamber Kambli

IN PURSUIT OF INNER PEACE

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4006/4012

Violence is emerging in an unprecedented manner in human society. Looking at the world today any sensible person feels disheartened and even horrified to see the kind of violent acts being committed by man against man and nature. It is sad to realize that we live in an era of unprecedented violence in the forms of terrorism, war, crimes, injustice and oppression and exploitation amidst a seemingly outward development enjoyed by a few. The majority of mankind lives in stark poverty, struggling for bare survival. There is so much disorder and confusion in the society man has built for himself. 

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Banta, B. (1993). Peaceful Peoples: An Annotated Bibliography . (Metuchen, N.J: Scarecrow Press). [This book summarizes research studies on peaceful societies.] Bickmore, K. (2002). Good training is not enough: Research on peer mediation program implementation. Comenius, J. (1642/1969). A Reformation of Schools(S. Harlif, Trans.). Menston (Yorks): Scholar Press. [This book presents an approach to education that promotes universal knowledge in vernacular schools.]

Ms Savita S Upasani

INCULCATING INNER PEACE IN THE NEXT GENERATION

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4013/4018

 By taking learning activities students can face the challenges of life positively. They can control their anger. They get the instant peace of mind. They help and share others. They can learn how to release stress. Students can learn the art of soothing the mind. They learn to live with awareness and attention. Student can discover the joy within. All are the advantages of learning activities suggested in the article. Thus we can perceive of inner peace.

“We can never obtain peace in the outer world until we make inner peace with ourselves.”                                                                          – His Holiness the Dalai Lama

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www.gkcoday.in>blogs >ethics-role-of… https:/selfstudyhistory.com>2015/09/1 http://www.researchpublish.com http://dspace.chitkara.edu.in/jspui/ http://unesdoc.uesco.org/

Sudama S. Bhandari

LITERATURE IN PURSUIT OF INNER PEACE

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4019/4022

Peace in mind, peace in art

Peace in nature, peace in heart.

The soul is the supreme commander of peace which is known inner peace and the final destination of the life. The selfish world is in search of inner peace but to reach up to the inner peace there is need of Tapasya. Rishis and Maha rishis, pursuit inner peace. People wear different mask at different times. Some good and some bad in sake of satisfaction or peace. I don’t want you to stop wearing any one. I know it is too risky to expose your vulnerable self at times but I would definitely want you to unmask yourself. Why not for a short span get back to your origin strip, your emotions, feelings, thoughts and actions. And all could be possible through literature.There is need to discover and follow the inner peace. My question is how literature could be a part of inner peace. We know literature is the mirror of society. Literature could reach in the paradise, on the earth and in hell. Lord shiva got inner peace in the heaven, Ravana in the hell while lord Rama in the Prithvilok. All these stories highlighted through the literature. So literature plays very important role in search of inner peace.

 

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Google.com. inner peace - pictures

Ms S D Mudshingikar

FIVE QUINTESSENTIALS FOR PEACE

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4023/4024

The musk deer is my insignia for inner peace. It knows not the value of its own preciousness, yet every where it goes, it spreads unintentionally, the sweet fragrance of its perfume. Since it is unaware of its own gift, there is no space for ego or gratuitousness in this deed. It is pure and sublime action unadulterated by feelings of being repaid….This; in my opinion is how a person with inner peace lives. Unbeknownst to all he/she silently sends out the radiance of peace and touches the lives of all around to reform it for the better. To do this, a prerequisite is to have inner peace… this reflective rendition, shares thought in this direction… 

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Mrs. Swarnlata Soni

MY STRATEGY- FOSTER INNER PEACE BY NURTURING EMOTIONAL INTELLEGENCE

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4025/4029

Inner peace , comes from nurturing emotional intelligence through the practice of mindfulness and meditation. This paper includes how a person can cultivate emotional intelligence through which an individual reach a state of inner peace, the essential foundation of happiness, success and compassion. Emotional upheaval affects productivity, effectiveness and self-image in both personal and professional life.  Focus of this article is tackling emotional upsets by enhancing emotional intelligence. 

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http://operationmeditation.com/discover/steps-to-help-increase-emotional-intelligence/ http://innerpeacelife.com/emotional-intelligence/ https://books.google.co.in/books?isbn=1887943722 http://www.todaystherapist.net/simplicity-emotional-intelligence/ http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/googles-chade-meng-tan-wants-you-to-search-inside-yourself-for-inner-and-world-peace/ *The Art of Happiness: A Handbook for Living (Paperback) by The Dalai Lama, Howard C. Cutler

Ratani Thakur

MY STRATEGIES: PEACE WITHIN ONESELF

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4030/4034

Peace is a journey of a thousand miles and it must be taken one step at a time”- Lynden B Johnson. When peace comes to our minds we think about a world without problems, we think about a beautiful world without weapons and conflicts, where peace flourishes in all its meanings to different people, but that world may be unreachable if we do not maintain peace in our lives. Within ‘Peace’ is defined not just as the absence of war but also the presence of the condition for just and sustainable peace. We are in a great need of peace as today’s world is facing a lot of problem and due to which human beings are unhealthy. Health is stable well-being –physical, mental and social, it is not a mere absence of disease or complaints. To live a healthy and wealthy life, we need peace in our life i.e. inner as well as outer peace. A person who has inner peace will be seen with different symptoms and through which we can easily find out that he has peace within himself. To bring about peace within, I have suggested various ways which I applied for myself from time to time. By practicing these ways, definitely we get more peace within oneself. The significance for the study has become enormously all over the world because peace sustainability is a worldwide movement. Each and every individual wants to get peace within. 

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M. Brindhamani and T. Manichander (2015). Peace and Value Education- Discovery Publishing House Pvt Ltd, New Delhi. Sadashiv Nimbalkar (2001). Yoga For Health and Peace (Fourth Edition), Mukund Bedekar, Mumbai Port Trust. Value Education (1999). Teacher’s Handbook. Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and High Secondary Education, Pune. Rao, U (2012). Education for Peace (First Edition), Himalaya Publishing, Mumbai.

Rajesh Kumar & Gaurav Rao

THE RELEVANCE OF DIAGRAMS IN SCIENCE TEACHING AND LEARNING

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4035/4042

Since time immemorial, the educational process debatably involves a mediated communication between teachers and learners to add sense or meaning making for both the stakeholders. The diagrams and various illustrations are the meaningful resource to mediate the educational journey. Diagrams can break out of the linear and systemic nature of printed text to show non-linear and systemic feature. In Science teaching and learning process, the use of diagrams is more relevant to make the representations of complex systems. Presently the pedagogy of Science is becoming modified from Linguistic methods to a mixed-visual methods supplemented with new techniques. Diagrams and diagramming are features of teaching and learning practices both as a means of Instruction and as a means of training learners in the use of diagrams that are features of many working and practicing teachers. There is also seemingly important need to make diagrams accessible and meaningful to students, quite contrary to the mechanical manner in which it is perceived and used by them. This paper discusses the Diagrams and their relevance in Science teaching and learning since they have different purposes and are required for understanding and communication.

Key words: Linguistic, Mixed-visual methods, Diagrams, Non-linear. 

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Abraham, T. (2003). “ From theory to data: Representing neurons in the 1940s”. Biology and Philosophy 3. Anderson, M.(1997). “ An Introduction to Diagrammatic Reasoning”. Retrieved on 21-12-2016 from www.academia.edu. Catley, K.M., Novic, L.R. and Shade, C.K.(2010). Interpreting evolutionary Diagrams: when topology and process conflict. J. Res. Sci.Teach. 47. Chang J-Y, Quintana C, Krajcik, J.S.(2010). The impact of designing and evaluating molecular animations on how well middle schools students understand the particulate nature of matter. Sci. Educ. 94.

Vedashree Vijay Thigale

LOKGEET : SWARUP ANI PRAKAR

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4043/4053

 

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C. Jeba Evangeline

EXAMINING THE EFFECT OF METACOGNITIVE SKILLS ON PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4054/4058

Researchers suggested that students with good metacognitive skills will be able to learn effectively. Thus, promoting metacognitive development in the classroom will help students to become efficient learners. This paper is an attempt to examine the effect of metacognitive skills on performance of students in the classroom. Many researchers believe that metacognitive skills holds great deal of promise for helping students do better. Metacognition becomes essential when tasks are more challenging.  Researchers found that metacognitive ability tends to associate positively with academic attainment of high school pupils. By practicing and applying metacognitive skills, students will become good readers, capable of handling any text across a curriculum. There is a lack of attention to this aspect by teachers in the classroom. Hence, the effort should be geared to encourage teachers to consider the \\\'metacognitive reflection\\\' activities in the classroom.

Keywords: Metacognitive skills, students\\\' performance, Metacogntive strategies. 

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Bigozzi, L & Vezzani, C. (2005). Role Of Individual Writing on Metacognitive Awareness in Scientific Concepts Learning.A study conducted by the Department of Psychology, University of Florence. Italy. Chisholm, J. M. (1999). The Effects of Metacognition, Critical Thinking, Gender, and Gender Role Identification on Academic Achievement in The Middle Years. A master degree thesis, Mount Saint Vincent University. Hailfax, Nova Scotia. Coutinho, S. A. (2006). A Model of Metacognition, Achievement Goal Orientation, Learning Style and Self Efficacy. An unpublished PhD thesis. Department of Psychology, Northern Illinois University. Illinois.

Ravi Ashok Thorat

SINO-INDIAN RELATIONS IN INDIAN OCEAN IN THE 21ST CENTURY: MARITIME SECURITY COOPERATION

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4059/4067

The Sino-Indian relationship in the Indian Ocean Region is a unique relationship characterized by the elements of complex security. These two nations not only have to manage their age old rivalry, but also pursue cooperation. Over the last couple of years, both China and India have emerged as major economies and potential global powers and are together the topic of much academic focus and media coverage. The underlying elements of mistrust, tensions and disputes still remain deep rooted. However the regional shifts in the balance of power and changing dynamics in the international milieu have resulted in the two states striving to engage with each other, while simultaneously reviving the process of confidence building and also competing for greater global power and influence. The study is focusing on cooperation and competition between Sino-Indian relations with the help of Regional Security Complex Theory (RSCT) by Barry Buzan and Ole Waever. The paper analysed the importance of the Indian Ocean Region in India’s strategic thinking. Both are fast emerging as major maritime powers in the Indian Ocean Region as part of long-term shifts in the regional balance of power. As their interests, power expands and wealth, the two countries are also increasingly coming into contact with each other in the maritime domain. How India and China get along in the shared Indo-Pacific cooperation in the trade, coexistence, competition, or confrontation may be one of the key strategic challenges of the 21st century. The Sino-Indian relationship is a difficult one because the security relations remain relatively complicated and volatile is by numerous unresolved issues. India perceives China as attempting to restructure the strategic environment in its kindness, with by establishing positions with neighboring countries that could be used against India. 

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Andrew Selth, (2008), “Burma’s Coco Islands: rumours and realities in the Indian Ocean”, Southeast Asia’s Research Centre, City of University of Hong Kong. Gosh, P.K, (2004), “Maritime Security challenges in South Asia and the Indian Ocean: Response strategies”, Center for Strategic and International Studies, American- Pacific sea-lanes Security Institute, Honolulu Hawaii. Klein, N. (2010), “Australia, New Zealand and Maritime Security”, Natalie Klein, Joanna Massop and Donald R. Rothwell (eds.), Maritime Security: International Law and Policy Perspectives from Australia and New Zealand, Rutledge, New York.

Sapna Sen & Vishal Sood

SELF-EFFICACY AS RELATED TO GENDER, TEACHING EXPERIENCE AND CHANGE PRONENESS AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4068/4078

All the teachers have the ability to teach but what is more important is the belief in their ability to teach. The present research study was undertaken to investigate self-efficacy of secondary school teachers and how it is influenced by gender, teaching experience and change proneness. Descriptive survey method was employed for the present investigation. Incidental sampling technique was used to select the sample of 1048 teachers from eight districts of Himachal Pradesh. Change Proneness Inventory by Dr. M. Mukhopadhhyay (2012)and self-developed teacher self-efficacy scale were used to collect data. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and two way analysis of variance. It was revealed that the male teachers were more self-efficacious as compared to female secondary school teachers. Change proneness was found to be a significant variable in influencing self-efficacy of secondary school teachers in a positive manner. None of the interactional effects was found to be significant.

Keywords: Self-Efficacy, Change Proneness.

  

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Arulsamy, S.(2008). An investigation into secondary school teachers’ self-efficacy in teaching. Research and Reflections on Education, 6 (3), 22-24. Jimison, Kanisha A. (2012). The impact of teachers’ self-efficacy on the academic achievement of students with emotional disturbance. Dissertation Abstracts International, 72 (8), 2007A. Kilimo. Judith S. (2014). Teachers’ attitudes and self-efficacy towards inclusion of pupils with disabilities in Tanzanian schools. Journal of Education and Training, 1, 2. Kemp, Cassandra Richardson (2002). Urban school teachers’ self-efficacy beliefs and practices, innovation practices, and related factors in integrating technology. Dissertation Abstract International. 63 (2), 566 A.

Ajender Singh & Vishal Sood

FUNCTIONING OF SCHOOL MANAGEMENT COMMITTEES (SMCS) IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS OF TRIBAL AREAS OF HIMACHAL PRADESH: TEACHERS’ REFLECTIONS

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4079/4089

The present investigation was undertaken to study the reflections of elementary school teachers regarding the functioning of School Management Committees (SMCs) in elementary schools of tribal areas of Himachal Pradesh. For conducting this investigation, survey method was employed and a total of 181 elementary teachers were selected from 60 schools situated in two tribal districts i.e. Kinnaur and Lahaul-Spiti of Himachal Pradesh. The data were gathered with the help of a self-developed questionnaire for elementary school teachers which contained both close-ended and open-ended items. The data were analyzed by employing frequency count and percentage analysis. It was pointed out by elementary school teachers that the SMC members are moderately aware about their role and responsibilities and was not much enthusiastic for participating in various school affairs. The SMCs in elementary schools of tribal areas of Himachal Pradesh have been rated by teachers as moderately effective to less effective in terms of different educational aspects which has been explained in detail in this paper. In the last section of the paper, the findings have been discussed and recommendations have been made for improving the functioning of SMCs in tribal areas of Himachal Pradesh.

Keywords: School Management Committees, Tribal Areas, Elementary Schools 

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Banerjee, Abhijit; Banerjee, Rukmini; Duflo, Esther; Glennerster, Rachel & Khemani, Stuti (2007). Can information campaigns raise awareness and local participation in primary education? Economic and Political Weekly, April 14, 1365-72. Kernel, Teron (2012). A study of the functioning of SMCs in the Golaghat district of Assam: A research study. New Delhi: NUEPA. Narayana, M. and Chandrakant (2000). Functioning of VEC in Satara district of Maharashtra, A study in reference to adult education. Unpublished Dissertation, New Delhi: NUEPA. Nayak, P. M. (2009). Community participation in the universalisation of primary education. New Delhi: Academic Excellence Publishers and Distributors. Owusu, Benedict Osei., and Sam, Francis Kwame (2012). Assessing the role of school management committees (SMCs) in improving quality teaching in learning in Ashanti Mampong municipal basic schools. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Status, 3(5), 611-615.

Tukaram S. Sawant

SHASHI DESHPANDE’S ‘STRANGERS TO OURSELVES’: A STORY OF INEXPLICABLE MARITAL RELATIONSHIPS

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4090/4095

 The present article attempts to explore the intricate nature of marital relationships in Deshpande’s novel, Strangers to Ourselves. Shashi Deshpande, the author of ten novels, two novellas, four books for children and a large number of short stories, has been writing about issues and problems of middle-class Indian women caught in the trap of Indian patriarchy. She has a comprehensive understanding of the grass-root reality and women’s place and position, sorrows and sufferings, plight and predicament, pain and agony in a male-centric Indian society. Her women protagonists, by and large, find themselves to be the victims of unjust customs, conventions and traditions which are in favour of men. Unable to bear restrictions and compulsions imposed on them in the name of gender-discrimination in their parental homes, they use marriage as an escape route, but unfortunately, in most cases, marriage becomes a trap for them. They are humiliated, tortured and exploited in one way or the other. They face physical violence in the form of unwanted marital-sex, almost a rape and mental torture. Her novels move around marital relationships which are marred by the evils such as male pride, ego and domination, patriarchal attitude to women, lack of understanding and communication.

Keywords: exploitation, inexplicable, mangalsutra, promiscuity, reconciliation. 

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Beauvoir, Simone de. The Second Sex. (1972). H. M. Parshley. (Trans. and ed.). New Delhi; Penguin Books Ltd. Deshpande, Shashi. Roots and Shadows. (1983). New Delhi; Orient Longman Ltd. Deshpande, Shashi. (2015). Strangers to Ourselves. Noida; HarperCollins Publishers. Vishwanatha, Vanamala. (1987). An Interview. ‘Literature Alive’. December.

Jayadas. S

MADE IN CHINA - A THREAT FOR INDIA? - A STUDY THROUGH THE HIDDEN FACTS

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4096/4099


The Chinese economy rose at a violent pace for the past three decades, assisting China to build enormous cash reserves that is now playing an acute role in influencing India\\\'s markets. Chinese made goods have occupied almost all the sectors of Indian market and appear to be conveying harder times for the Indian industry. Because of varied availability of inexpensive and seemingly technologically advanced China made goods, many economists fear weakening of local manufacturing divisions or the small-scale industry in India.  China procured the world by storm through its low-cost manufactured products. Foreign markets swamped with China made goods are evidence to that. The present study includes the analysis of made in china products, its impacts on Indians, deciding whether it is a threat to Indians or not, objectives of possible threats, assumed hypothesis in this direction, corresponding results and discussion, finding, recommendations and scope of further research in this direction.

Keywords: China made goods; China made products; threat; made in China. 

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Amol Khandagale, Meet Shah, "A Study on Retailers Preference towards Chinese Toys over Indian Toys in Pune City", JOURNAL OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT AND ECONOMICS, April 2015. Garver, J., 2002. Asymmetrical Indian and Chinese threat perceptions. Journal of Strategic Studies, 25(4), p.109-134 Qureshi, M.S. & Wan, G., 2008. Trade expansion of China and India: Threat or opportunity? In World Economy. pp. 1327-1350.

Vaishali Kulkarni

DEVELOPING SPECIFIC SKILLS IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNING

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4100/4106

 English is one of the most spoken languages worldwide and is widely used as official communication language. It is equally important and an integral part of educational system. It is a window to the world. It is an effective instrument for acquisition of knowledge, for communication, personal development and national development. Language is the most important aspect in the life of all beings. We use language to express our inner thoughts and emotions. If we are not able to communicate in proper language we will not be able to convey our thoughts effectively. Special efforts at school level itself are required on the part of teacher and learner for acquiring skills for language proficiency. So a teacher should be aware about the needs of the learners, objectives of the course and different ways of analysing language. Teacher should be aware of the latest teaching methodology, approaches and techniques for teaching language effectively. The latest trend is based on the premise that learning needs to be connected to the lives of the students through relevant tasks that focus on student’s ability to use their knowledge and skills in meaningful ways. A skill is a tact, expertness and dexterity. It is a practised ability. It implies facility, ease, smoothness and accuracy in an action or in doing or to do something. This part of the research paper mentions the five language skills. They are the abilities and tacts. They are essential for learning the English language and for using the language for various purposes. These skills should develop accuracy, ease and facility in using the language. There are four basic skills in English language. They are listening, speaking, reading and writing. The fifth skill which is included is ‘interacting’ which is very important and essential for better communication. This paper highlights four basic skills in English language, its meaning and activities to be conducted to develop these skills.

 

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Content cum Methodology- Dr. G.H Suryavanshi. Teaching of English Content cum Methodology. Dr. Prabhakar Choudhari. For Diploma in Education (D.Ed.) second year. Third Language English - Umesh Pradhan and R.A. Kumbhar Diploma in Teacher Education - (Second Year) Tusharika Bapat. English Education- Yashwantrao Chavan Open University

Savitri Kulkarni & Ms. Sridevi Nair

HOW GOLFERS GET AHEAD: A STUDY ON THE LESSONS TO BE LEARNED FROM THE GAME OF GOLF

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4107/4111

Serious green takes on a whole new meaning when you do business on the golf course. Golf isn\\\'t merely a leisure sport. It\\\'s the martini lunch of the modern workforce; the buoyant venue where business gets done. A lot of the modern leaders have accepted and promote the game of golf as a way to move forward in the professional world. This rising importance makes one think. Why golf? What is it that makes golf such a favourite? What can one learn from golf that when applied to life and business, can provide a step up? This paper aims at identifying the key lessons that can be learned and borrowed from the game.

Keywords:  Golf, Business, professional growth. 

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Burger?, J. H. (2011 , January 23). 14 Business lessons from Golf. Guideline Research and Conculting. (2002). From the boardroom to the back 9. Harris, J. (2014, September 3). 6 Reasons why golf is good for business . Jones, E. E., & Harris, V. A. (1967). The attribution of attitudes. . Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 1–24.

G. Varalaxmi

POLITICAL ATTITUDES OF SECONDARY GRADE SCHOOL TEACHERS A STUDY IN RANGA REDDY DIST

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4112/4120

A study is conducted on political attitudes of secondary grade school teachers of government and privately managed schools in Ranga Reddy district.  For the present study a sample of 150 teachers is taken.  Among them 75 teachers are from government i.e.  Zilla Parishad High School teachers and 75 teachers are from privately managed schools.. The study revealed that there is no significant difference among secondary grade school teachers of Ranga Reddy district belonging to government and private managements in the political attitudes

  

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Almond and Verba, The civic culture, New Jersey, Princeton University Press, Princeton 1963, P.13) Pye.Lucian, W, political culture, International Encyclopedia of social science. David L. Sill (Pye Lucian) Vol. 12 Macmillan Co. The Free Press 1979, PP 218-219 (Gabriel Almond and Gabriel Abraham 1963, civic culture 1963). Almond Gabriel A and Verba Sidney, Princeton University Press 1963 PP vi 562) (Shoda Ganga) shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/37472/5/05_chapter (Almond GA and Powell GB: Comparative politics- A developmental approach, little Brown, Bostan , 1966 PP.50)

Shazli Hasan Khan

ATTITUDE OF PROSPECTIVE TEACHER EDUCATORS TOWARDS INCORPORATION OF ELECTRONIC LEARNING TECHNOLOGY IN TEACHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS: AN EMPIRICAL APPROACH

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4121/4131

\"\\"\\\\"\\\\"\\"\"Education system must respond to the changing needs of students and their teachers, just as business has reacted to its changing needs implementing employee training. Technological innovations are increasing the demand for altering the mode of transaction in the teaching and learning process and that in turn develop a significant impact on technology use expectations. It is the need of the hour that emerging technology of e-learning must be adopted in the teacher education curriculum of all universities in India. Online learning play a major role in the success of any academic program and can provide an environment where virtual learning classrooms are use to create interactive interfaces and real time software can monitor every response made by the learner. E-learning would incorporate all educational activities that are cratered out by individuals or groups working online or offline and synchronously or asynchronously via networked or standalone computers and other electronic devices. The present study has been done so as to study the attitude of prospective teacher educators towards e-learning. Random sampling technique has been used in the selection of the sample of as many as 200 prospective teacher educators. The e-learning scale for measuring the attitude towards e-leanring has been constructed and validated by Prakash, S. The scale is in the form of a Likert type and has been distributed to them and their responses were collected and computed according to the objectives framed. The findings of the study revealed that the prospective teacher educators showed a significantly favourable attitude towards e-learning..
Key words: Attitude, e-learning, web-based learning, Digital divide, digital world, Virtual classroom 

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Ahmad, Nighat (20040. E-readiness in Education. University News, 42 (13), 12-19. Ahmad, B. (2009). Electronic Information Resources and Services in Agriculture. A Study. University News, 47 (27), 1-9. Allen, L. Edward (1957). Techniques of attitude scale construction, Appleton-century Crafts, Inc., New York. Best, John, W (2010). Research in Education, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi. Davis, J (2002). E-learning in U.K. higher education, AUA USA/Canada Study visit 2002, http://avavisit.open.ac.UK/themes.

Prof. Tushar Panke

PHOTOGRAPHY VISUAL COMMUNICATION: DIRECT AND INDIRECT IMPACT ON HUMAN COMMUNITIES

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4132/4137

 Photographic- visual communication research is methods both written and verbal has long dominated the communication research; a new range of non-textual strategies is gradually emerging as an alternative and highly versatile way of knowing. Distinctively, participatory visual communications, like drawing, photography, and video, hold the aesthetics of painting which directly impact on reality of world lives, while at the other hand empowering the researchers and capturing real world expressions. Through the process of visual conceptualization, and the reflective photographic communication of the images in the context of their construction, where I tried to out the subject are given an expressive channel to voice their inner stories of human communities, as well as active empowering stake in the research study, because of its playful nature and its lack of interdependence on linguistic proficiency, this research method is especially suitable for work with children and youth across a variety of cultural contexts. There are limited resources available for art researchers wishing to implement a photography curriculum that focus on social integrity. Since the camera is a highly effective communicative tool, photographic communication should be encouraged to communities their understanding and how to make better society through visual images. This research highlights whether it takes photography and its ability to change the visual conception, in which people view the world. The visual communication of photography research is based on contemporary and historical artists, organizations that have used photography to express social Humanities communication. The aim of this researches his to promote photography to administrators, supporters, local communities, and the students.


Index Word: Photography, visual communication, Communities culture, Visual Art Education

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http://scholarworks.gsu.edu/art_design_theses/ http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/wcf/wcf0013.html Trachtenberg, A. (Ed.). (1980). Classic essays on photography. New Haven: Leete’s Island Books,Inc. Vega, P. (2011). An abundance of images: Is it leading to “Trivialization of Photography? Nieman Reports, 65(1), 78--?81. Szto, P. (2008). Documentary photography in American social welfare history: 1897 1943. Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare, 35(2), 91--?110. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1575238 http://core.ac.uk/display/23979290

Farheen & Prof. Karunesh Saxena

EFFECT OF DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS OF MANAGERS ON CRM PRACTICES IN SELECTED HOTELS OF SOUTHERN RAJASTHAN

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4138/4155

\"\\"\\"\"Service industry is becoming very vast and big and hospitality industry earns the most amongst all service sectors. The Hospitality industry offers a huge potential for Social CRM. The Hospitality industry thrives on two basic factors- Segmentation & Uniqueness. Apart from the regular promises of customer satisfaction, it is the Identity or rather the personality of the hotel that really matters. And not to forget the Stand-out factor, that every hotel has on offering, as compared to its competitors. All these factors contribute towards the building of trust and customer loyalty, and eventually prolonged profitability. Customer relationship management (CRM) has a growing popularity and is becoming one of the hottest academic and practical topics in the business field. In fact, due to the competitive environment, CRM is crucial and has become a niche for firm performance. Southern Rajasthan covers many well renowned hotels which bears importance at international level too. However, there is limited research that reveals the relationship between demographic variables and CRM practices followed by the hotels of Southern Rajasthan .This study is an attempt to excogitate the importance of CRM in hotels of Southern Rajasthan with regards to the opinion of hotel managers.

Keywords:  CRM, Service Sector, Hospitality Industry, Hotels 

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Abdullateef, A.O., Mokhtar, S.S., Yusoff, R.Z. (2010), The impact of CRM Dimensions on Call Center Performance. International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security, 10(12), 184-195. Akroush, N.M., Dahiyat, E.S., Gharaibeh, S.H., Abu-Lail, N.B. (2011), Customer relationship management implementation.An investigation of a scale’s generalizability and its relationship with business performance in a developing country context. International Journal of Commerce and Management, 21(2), 158-191. Arman, S. (2014).Integrated Model of Social Media and Customer Relationship Management: A Literature Review, International Journal of Information, Business and Management, 6(3), 118-130. Chang, W., Park, E.J., Chaiy, S. (2010), How does CRM technology transform into organizational performance? A mediating role of marketing capability. Journal of Business Research, 63, 849-855.

Paromita Das

INDIAN PHILOSOPHICAL APPROACHES IN PRESENT CONTEXT OF HIGHER EDUCATION

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4156/4164

Life is based on one’s own philosophy and those which we follow from our great philosophers and educators  to improve our society and education system. Scientific thinking gives answers to many questions but it cannot bring humanity in the minds of people. For this we should realize the needs of every individual and give our best efforts to lead a satisfactory life and face the practical situation with a positive outlook. The narrowness in our thinking should be transformed into creative thoughts along with the inspirations taken from the great philosophers so that the higher education becomes a right to all and everyone aspires for it. Also the facilities provided should be to make each one a better human being. The present paper has been produced by taking into consideration the trends existing in present higher education and the philosophical approaches that have been implemented with its impact on students. The ideas of students have been collected to find out the suitability of the components of the present higher education. This can bring about a revolution by bringing changes in the narrow and rigid thoughts existing since ages and providing better outputs in education to make society a peaceful dwelling place. 

Keywords: scientific, humanity, needs, practical, and revolution                                                        

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Astin , A.W. (1993). What matters in college?: Four critical years revisited. https://www.researchgate.net Gallagher, S. (2000).Philosophical conceptions of the self: implications for cognitive science. Trends in cognitive sciences , New York: Elsevier Inc. DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1364-6613(99)01417- Musholt, K. (2015). Transition from implicit to explicit self-consciousness. Thinking about Oneself: From Nonconceptual Content to the Concept of a Self, Cambridge: MIT Press. Sharma, G.Ranjit (2003). Trends In Contemporary Indian Philosophy Of Education A Critical Evaluation, New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers.

Madhuri Hooda & Mrs. Ankur Tyagi

FACEBOOK USAGE IN CONTEXT TO SOME DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4161/4171

Facebook has become the most popular social network site among the youngsters to establish and maintain social relations. This paper deals with the effect of facebok usage on gender and residential background of senior secondary school students. 400 senior secondary school students of Haryana State are considered as the sample of the study. Facebook Usage Scale developed by Hooda and Tyagi (2016) was used to collect the data. Results revealed that gender has no significant effect on facebook usage while residential background has a significant effect on Facebook usage of senior secondary school students. 

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Mark Hoelzel (2015).Women dominate most of social media, but men are more active on these two networks: http://www.businessinsider.in/Women-dominate-most- of-social-media-but-men-are-more-active-on-these-two-networks/articleshow/48471044.cms. Catherine Clifford (2014). Women dominate every social media network. www.enterpreneur.com Ross, C., Orr, E. S., Sisic, M., Arseneault, J. M., Simmering, M. G., & Orr, R. R. (2009). Personality and motivations associated with Facebook use. Computers in Human Behavior, 25, 578-586. Eric Zavinski (2015) "why do we use facebook" https://www.theodysseyonline.com/why-do-we-use-facebook Experian, H. (2011). Retrieved from Top 20 websites: http://www.hitwise.com/us/ Facebook. (2010). Facebook factsheet. Retrieved from http://www.facebook.com/press/info.php?factsheet Megan Garber (2012) ‘why do people use facebook’. http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2013/04/why-do-people-use-facebook/274721 Michael. et. al (2013) . Development and validation of a social media use integration scale. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/263916080_Development_and_validation_of_a_social_media_use_integration_scale Murray, K. E., & Waller, R. (2007). Social networking goes abroad. International Educator, 16(3), 56–59.

Ajay Godara

INSPIRING STUDENTS FOR GREENING WITH TECHNOLOGICAL ADVANCEMENTS

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4172/4178

Technology has become a huge part of everyday society’s life. When societies know more about the development in a technology, they become able to take advantage of it. When an innovation achieves a certain point after it has been presented and promoted, this technology becomes part of the society. Digital technology has entered each process and activity made by the social system. The effects of technology on the environment are both obvious and subtle. The more obvious effects include the depletion of nonrenewable natural resources such as petroleum, coal, ores, and the added pollution of air, water, and land. The more subtle effects include debates over long-term effects e.g., global warming, deforestation, natural habitat destruction, coastal wetland loss. So, an initiative was taken to inspire students for greening with technological advancements by two highly motivating projects: Nokia- Planet ke Rakhwale and Microsoft: Create to Inspire School Programmes. This article presents the overview of these two projects and students’ role in protecting our planet.
Keywords: Technology, Environment, Nokia- Planet ke Rakhwale, Microsoft: Create to Inspire School Programmes            

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Puricelli, F (2011). "Early Twentieth Century Transportation Technology And The Creation Of Modern American Culture". Rückriem, F (2009). Digital technology and mediation: A challenge to activity theory. Learning and expanding with activity theory'. Katz, M (2011). Capturing Sound: How Technology Has Changed Music. Hendery, S (2009). "Great gadget, stratospheric price". Cantoria, C.S. and Malburg, s. (2010). A Brief History of Technology and its Impact on Natural Environment retrieved from http://www.brighthub.com/environment/science-environmental/articles/61319.aspx on March 15, 2015 Gupta, M. Effects of Technology retrieved from http://www.civilserviceindia.com/subject/Essay/effects-of-technology.html on March 15, 2015

Ms. Savita

INTERNET USAGE AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY STUDENTS IN RELATION TO THEIR GENDER

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4179/4185

In the present study, the investigator attempts to find out the significant difference, if any, between the male and female senior secondary students on their internet usage. For this purpose 400 senior secondary students of Haryana were taken as a sample using multistage random sampling. Amount of time spent on the Internet during a week was self reported by the respondents. The findings of the study revealed that male students spend more time on internet surfing than female students.

Keywords: Internet Usage, Senior Secondary Students, Gender

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Kraut, R., Patterson, M., Lundmark, V., Kiesler, S., Mukopadhyay, T. &Scherlis, W. (1998). Internet paradox: A social technology that reduces social involvement and psychological well-being? American Psychologist, 53, 1017-1031. Krol, Ed (1995). The Whole Internet User's Guide & Catalog. Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly Lajwanti and Atm Prakash Sharma (2013) Effect of Internet Use on study habits and adjustment of higher secondary students, International Journal of Educational Research and Technology, IJERT: Volume 4 [1] March 52 -59.

Rajnish Agrahari

MADHYAMIK SHIKSHA KE SASHKTIKARAN ME RASHTRIY MADHYAMIK SHIKSHA ABHIYAN KI BHUMIKA

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4190/4202

 

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Mahavir Singh Chhonkar

PROBLEMS OF THE HIGHER EDUCATION

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4203/4208

Kothari Commission righty said, “The destiny of the nation is shaped in the classroom” So the education system of India mainly developed during the colonial rule, demands major change as well as innovation. After 60 year of independence we did not change the colonial pattern of education. Still we are following the Macaulayian system of education and hence producing the ‘Brown Englishmen’. So the need of time is to establish our own kind of education system which suits our environment with the contemporary changes. Curriculum is required the major changes. Instead of opening the uncountable colleges/institution we need to emphasize on quality Institutions. If we really want to bring innovations in our education, we need root level changes in our education system and honest implementation. 

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Tiwari Shubha, Education in India, Atlantic Publication, year2008 Gupta R.K, Higher Education: challenges for future, Anamika Publication, New Delhi, 2005 Pnadey V.C, Democracy and Education, Isha books, Delhi, 2005 Agerwal Pawan, Indian Higher Education envisioning the future-2005, Saga Publication India Pvt. Kumar Krishna, Political Agenda of Education: A Study of Colonialist and Nationalist Ideas, Sage Publication, New Delhi, 2005 Jaffer Mahmud, Education Psychology, APH corporation, new Delhi, 2004 International Transaction in Humanities and Social Sciences, ISSN-0975-3745, V-2 N-2,July-Dec-2010,aacsce@gmial.com.

Anurag Asija

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ATTITUDE OF TEACHERS OF DEGREE AND B.ED. COLLEGE TOWARDS ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION IN RELATION TO LOCALITY, SEX AND STREAM

Oct-Nov,2016, Vol - 3/18, Page - 4209/4215

 

,18,10,11,20,12,7,6,21,16,14,9,5,1,8,22,13,17,15,19

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