NOV-DEC 2016, SRJIS

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27
Imapct Factor: 5.403
ISSN: 2278-8808
Date: 04-Jan-2017

An International Peer Reviewed

Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies


Madhuri Hooda & Ankur Tyagi

PARENT CHILD RELATIONSHIP IN THE CONTEXT OF GENDER AND RESIDEDNTIAL BACKGROUND

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3058/3064

Relationship is that very connections that joins two or more people with each others. Among all the relations, parent child relation is the most important and natural relation. In this paper the investigator investigated the effect of parent child relationship on gender and residential background. A sample of 400 students of Haryana state was considered for collecting the data sing Parent Child Relationship Scale developed by Late Nalini Rai(2011).findings revealed that gender has significant effect on parent child relationship whether residential background has no significant effect on parent child relationship. 

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MO Yun and Singh Kusum, (2008). Parents' Relationship and Involvement : Effects on Student's School Engagement and Performance. RMLE online – Vol. 31 No. 10. Chauhan, Seema (2013). A Study of family relationship in relation to study habits and academic achievement Ph.D. Thesis. Bundelkhand University. Trivedi, Vineeta (1988) A study of the relationship of parental attitude, socio-economic background and the feeling of security among the intermediate students and their academic achievement. Ph.D. Edu. Uni. of Lucknow Vth survey of Ednal Survey Page No. 1927

Prashant Kumar & B. K. Aggrawal

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT & SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS IN UTTARAKHAND- A CASE STUDY OF SRINAGAR GARHWAL

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3065/3072

 Student’s education is closely linked to their life chances, income, and well being.  Therefore, it is important to have a clear understanding of what benefits or hinders his/her educational attainment. There are several relevant areas that are most commonly linked to academic performance. Family factors, school factors, and peer pressure are the main factors which influence the educational attainment of the student. This study tries to find out the factors concerned with socio-economic status responsible for educational attainment in Uttarakhand. It is an attempt to examine the impact of education, occupation and earning of the parents on the educational attainment of the students. This study revolves around the students of Uttarakhand Board senior secondary and secondary classes in Srinagar an urban hamlet of Pauri Garhwal district of Uttarakhand state. All three school of Uttarakhand Board (G.I.C., G.G.I.C., Sarswati Vidya Mandir, Sirkot, Srinagar) have been taken under consideration in the study.

Keywords: Educational performance, socio-economic status

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Aikens, N. L., & Barbarin, O. (2008). Socioeconomic differences in reading trajectories: The contribution of family, neighborhood, and school contexts. Journal of Educational Psychology, 100, 235-251. Block, Jeanne H., Jack Block, and Andrea Morrison (2002). "Parental Agreement-Disagreement on Child-Rearing Orientations and Gender-Related Personality Correlates in Children." in Child Development 52: 965-974. Bourdieu, P. (1986). The forms of capital. In J. Richardson (Ed.) Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education. (New York, Greenwood). 241-258. Gimbert, B., Bol, L., & Wallace, D. (2007). The influence of teacher preparation on student achievement and the application of national standards by teachers of mathematics in urban secondary schools. Education and Urban Society, 40, 91-117. Gladwell, Malcolm (2008). “Outlier, Little, Brown and Company”. United States. ISBN- 978-0316017923

Shriram S. Nikam

RESOLVING THE POLITICAL DEADLOCK OF DEPRESSED CLASSES IN COLONIAL INDIA

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3073/3076

 The militant nationalist movement has ultimately been stabilized into the generation of democratic institutions earlier in 20th century in colonial India. This has accelerated the process of politicizing the castes in a tradition bound caste ridden feudal society as a way for sharing the political power. The untouchable castes who were condemned to the lowest rung of Hindu society started political awakening asking for political representation for their elevation. The principle of separate electorates for representing various sects of society was already introduced by the government. The same demand in different forms was forwarded by the untouchables. Gandhiji opposed any form of representation for untouchables as they are being an integral part and parcel of Hindu society and assumed the problem as social within the Hindu fold to be resolved by the sincere efforts of social reformists. Dr. Ambedkar lost all his faith in reforms and followed the path of materialism by asking political reservation for the untouchables. The struggle between the two leaders over the problem has ultimately been set right in the form of Poona Pact which recognized the principle of reservation of seats in general constituencies which forwarded in the independent constitution of India.

 

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Times of India, Jan. 26, 1919 (Current Topics). Cited in C. B. Khairmde, Dr. Bhimrao Ramaji Ambedkar Yanche Charitrya,(M) Vol. I, Pratap Prakashan, Bombay, 1978, p. 281. J. R. Kamble, Rise and Awakening of Depressed Classes in India, National Publishing House, New Delhi, 1979, p. 69. Indian Statutory Commission, Vol. XVI, Slection from Memoranda and Oral Evidence by Non-Officials, (Part I), London, 1930. pp. 37-47. Report of the Indian Central Committee, Government of India, Central Publication Branch, Calcutta, 1929, p. 382. All Parties Conference, 1928 (Motilal Nehru Report), AICC, Allahabad, 1928, p.59. Indian Round Table Conference (IRTC), Proceedings, Government of India, Calcutta, 1931, p. 123. Ibid, p. 126.

S. Raja Soundara Pandian

TELEVISION VIEWING HABITS OF THE STUDENTS OF BHARATHIDASAN UNIVERSITY

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3077/3084

 In 1956, the general conference of UNESCO held in New Delhi proposed that a pilot project should be implemented in India to study the use of TV as a medium of education rural uplift and community development. At least in 1956 an agreement was signed between AIR and UNESCO for starting the project as an experiment in order to assess the value of different types of educational Television Programmes suitable for group viewing in rural and urban communities in such a way that results of such an assessment may be useful not only for India but also for other Asian Countries in the use of Television for community for education.

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Arnore, Robert. F., Educational Television: A policy critique and guide for developing countries, Praeger Publisher, Newyork, 1976. Mohanty, J. Educational Broadcasting: Radio & TV in Education, Sterling Publishers, New Delhi, 1977. Rahman.S. Satellite Instructional Television Experiment – A study in Educational Television (udaya-bhanu)), Ministry of Educational and Social Welfare, Government of India, New Delhi, 1977. Sinnathambi, S. Educational Telecasts for Rural Adults, Educational Broadcasting Radio and Television, Madurai, 1990.

Menka

EFFECT OF PEER PRESSURE ON OBEDIENCE/DISOBEDIENCE BEHAVIOUR OF UNDER GRADUATE STUDENTS

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3085/3090

 Adolescent is age in which everyone feels more peer pressure. Peer pressure is the pressure feel by someone of the same age group. After the age of six every child starts to behave like his/ her peers. Peer pressure may be positive like strengthen good habit etc. and may be negative like smoking etc. students obedience /disobedience behaviour also affect by peer pressure. To study that effect investigator take this topic. For this descriptive survey method was done. A sample of 200 students was taken from two district of Haryana i. e. Rohtak and Jhajjar . Peer pressure scale by Sandeep Singh and Sunil Saini (2010) and Obedient-disobedient tendency scales by C.S. Mehta and N. husnain (1984) was used for data collection. Result from this study reveals that there is significant difference on the bases of institute means govt. Institute student feel more peer pressure then private school students. On the other hand there no significant difference on the bases of area. Investigator also despite that there is negative correlation between peer pressure and obedience/disobedience behaviour of under graduate students.

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Agarwal, Y. P. (1990). Statistical method in education. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers. Albert, D. & Steinberg, L. (2011). Peer influences on adolescent risk behavior. In Bardo, M. T. et.al. (Eds.), Inhibitory control and drug abuse prevention: From research to translation, 211–228. New York: Springer. Albert, D. et.al.(2009, April). Peer influences on risk taking in young adulthood. Poster presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Denver, CO. Allen, J. P.et al. (1995). Developmental approaches to understanding Adolescent Deviance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Barra, F. (2005). Prediction behavior problem in Chilean school, child psychiatry and human development, 73-86. New York: Springer Publication. Batra et al. (1994). Social values, conformity and dress. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 24, 1501-1519.

Mangal Singh

A STUDY OF AGGRESSION AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN RELATION TO THEIR EMOTIONAL MATURITY

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3091/3097

This study was conducted on 200 secondary school students of different schools of Bathinda district of Punjab to study the Aggression among Adolescents in relation to their Emotional Maturity. Aggression scale and emotional maturity scale were used. The technique of Coefficient of Correlation and T-Ratio were employed. The study has found a significant difference of aggression among male and female students. There is a significant difference of emotional maturity among male and female students. There is a significant relationship between aggression and emotional maturity among the whole sample.
Keywords: Aggression, Emotional Maturity, Adolescents

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Biswas P.C. (1992).Relationship of directions of aggression to self -concept and mental health among middle class 7th grade children.Indian psychology review. 10 (21-24). Clifford, T. Morgan & John, R. Weisz.(1993).Introduction to Psychology.New York: Macmillan publisher.652-657. John w. Santrock.(2007).Adolescence.New York :Tata McGraw Hill publisher .182-183. Louis Cohen and Keith Morrison.(2007).Research Methods in Education. New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis pub. 100-117 Pal, Roma & Naqvi, Tasneem9(1983). Manual of aggression scale. Agra: Psychological Research Cell.

Amar Upadhyaya

DO THE TEACHERS OF PRIMARY SCHOOLS SATISFIED WITH THEIR JOB? AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3098/3110

 Satisfaction is a subjective term. It is very difficult for an individual to stick out his level of satisfaction. It is often said that a “happy employee is a productive employee.” Job satisfaction can be defined as the extent of positive feelings or attitudes that individuals have towards their jobs. When a person says that he has high satisfaction, it means that he really likes his job, feels good about it and values his job highly. The main objectives of the paper are to find out the level of job satisfaction of primary schools teachers along with to observe the significance mean difference of the score of job satisfaction between male and female teachers, trained and untrained teachers, experienced and non experienced teachers and teachers working in private and govt schools. Accordingly hypotheses were framed.  An extensive review of literature was made in the paper. Survey method was followed and approx 10% sample was selected through random sampling. The researchers analyzed the collected data and information using statistical techniques, such as Mean, SD, t-test, Skewness etc. The study found that higher percentage of the sampled primary school teachers enjoying higher job satisfaction. Again, difference in job satisfaction in between two groups likes Male and female teachers, Experienced and Non-experienced teachers, Trained and untrained teachers, Teachers in Govt. and Private schools were not found significant. The study has also raised few questions based on its findings to investigate further.
Key words: Job Satisfaction, Primary School, Teacher.

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Abdullah, M. M., Uli, J., & Parasuraman, B. (2009). Job Satisfaction among Secondary School Teachers. Journal Kemanusiaan bil, Vol. 13, pp 11 – 18. Anitha, R. (2011). A Study on Job Satisfaction of Paper Mill Employees with Special Reference to Udumalpet and Palani Taluk. Journal of Management and Science, Vol. 1(1), pp 36-47. Arora, B. (2009). Study of burnout in secondary school teachers in relation to teacher effectiveness and self-confidence. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis, Panjab University, Chandigarh. Best, J.W. & Khan, J.V. (2007). Research in Education (9th ed.), New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.

Ashish Kumar Gupta

APPRAISAL OF PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT OF THE SPECIAL SCHOOLS FOR VISUALLY IMPAIRED STUDENTS

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3111/3122

 This study made an attempt toevaluate the appropriate physical condition of special schools of learner with visual impairment. For this purpose three schools for visually impaired were selected purposively. A self-made checklist was used by researcher to collect the data. Results of the study showed that physical infrastructure of all the special school’s needs improvement. Special schools do not have appropriate physical environment for teaching and learning visually impaired. 
Key words: Physical Environment, Special Schools, Learners Visual Impairment
 

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Ajayi, I.A. (2007). Issues in School Management. Lagos: Bolabay Publications. Ajayi, I.A. and Yusuf, M.A. (2009).Instructional Space Planning and Students’ Academic Performance in South West Nigeria Secondary Schools. International Journal Education Science, 1(2): 73-77. Birch, J., &Johnstone, B. (1975). Designing schools and schooling for the handicapped: A guide to the dynamic interaction of space, instructional materials, facilities, educational objectives and teaching methods. Springfield, IL: Charles Thomas Publication. Birch, J., &Johnstone, B. (1975). Designing schools and schooling for the handicapped: A guide to the dynamic interaction of space, instructional materials, facilities, educational objectives and teaching methods. Springfield, IL: Charles Thomas Publ. Earthman, G. I. &Lemasters, L. K. (2000, October). Report on research on the relationship between school buildings, student achievement, and student behavior. Los Angeles, CA: Report submitted to the Los Angeles Chapter-ACLU.

Heena Bhardwaj

A STUDY OF WORK VALUES OF INDIAN ORGANIZATION

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3123/3129

A survey from Indian enterprises indicated that what kinds of work values organization have. Defined work values are more likely in line with increasing age. The older the employees, the higher the work values they recognize. The results of study suggest different kind of work values of Indian organization and the employees’ age is an important antecedent of work values and the effects can be a good exposure to enterprise management in both theory and practices.Keywords: work values, demographic effect, individual differences. 

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Abboushi, S.: 1990, 'The Impact of Individual Variable on the Work Values of Palestinian Arabs', International Studies of Management and Organization 20, 53-68. Ben-Shem, I. and T. E. Avi-Itzhak: 1991, 'On Work Values and Career Choice in Freshmen Studies: The Case of Helping vs. Other Professions', Journal of Vocational Behavior 39, 369-379. Bolton, B.: 1985, 'Work Values Inventor, Test Critique', Test Corp of America II, 835-843. Connor, P. E. and B. W. Becker: 1975, 'Values and the Organization: Suggestions for Research', Academy of Management Journal 18, 550-561.. Elizur, D., I. Borg, R. Hunt and I. M. Beck: 1991, 'the Structure of Work Values: A Cross Cultural Comparison', Journal of Organizational Behavior 12, 21-38.

Rajneesh Shahjee

THE IMPACT OF ELECTRONIC COMMERCE ON BUSINESS ORGANIZATION

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3130/3140

 The said research paper involves a study of the impact of Electronic Commerce on Business. The research study has highlighted the Management Information Systems, Finance and Accounting, Marketing and Computer Sciences of E-Commerce on Business. E-commerce is a way of conducting business over the Internet. Though it is a relatively new concept, it has the potential to alter the traditional form of economic activities. Already it affects such large sectors as communications, finance and retail trade and holds promises in areas such as education, health and government. The largest effects may be associated not with many of the impacts that command the most attention but with less visible, but potentially more pervasive, effects on routine business activities. The integration of Electronic Commerce and Business will bring a renaissance in marketing function. As it present opportunities to get close to the customer to bring the customer inside the company, to explore new product ideas and pretest them against real customers.
Keywords: Electronic Commerce, Business Organisation, Management Information Systems, Finance, Accounting, Marketing, Computer Sciences.

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V. Zwass, ‘Structure and macro-level impacts of electronic commerce: from technological infrastructure to electronic marketplaces’, May 2001. http://www.mhhe.com/business/mis/zwass/ecpaper.html E. Turban, J. Lee, D. King and H. M. Chung, ‘Electronic Commerce: A Managerial Perspective’, Prentice Hall, 1999.

Pramod Kumar Naik, Mr. Atindra Nath Dutta & Mrs. Mamta Kumari

STUDY OF GUIDANCE NEED ON DIFFERENT DIMENSIONS OF CHILDREN’S PERCEPTION OF PARENTING

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3141/3150

 In an individual’s life adolescence is that period which begins at the end of childhood and ends at the beginning of adulthood. The adolescence is neither a child nor an adult. This fact is often omitted by the teachers and parents. From a theoretical stand point adolescence is the best regarded as a recapitulation of the period of life. It is a second turn on the spiral of development. In this period the child again becomes unstable. His physical and mental adjustment is shaken and he at times behaves like an infant to adopt himself to his environment. At this time, the parents’ role is very important. They should understand and guide their child. Perception is necessary thing for the adolescents. But over possessiveness is not good. Ay affect Negatively. So, here the researchers chose the area of research as study of Guidance need on different dimensions of children’s perception of parenting. Here the researchers selected 100 secondary school students as sample who are at adolescent age. The researchers used two tools for data collection which were Children\'s perception of parenting scale (CPPS) developed by AnandPyari, Raj KumariKalra andPoonamVasin.Guidance Needs Inventory (GNI) developed by Dr. J.S. Grewal. After analyzing the data the researchers found that there was influence of guidance need on children’s perception of parenting. 
Key words-Guidance, Children’s Perception, Parenting Adolescents

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Mangal, S.K. (2010), Advanced Educational Psychology, Second Edition, PHI Learning Private Limited, New Delhi. Singh, A.K. (2009), Educational Psychology, Third Edition, Bharti Bhawan Publication, Patna. Kothari, C.R. (2012), Research Methodology, Second Edition, New Age International Publishers, New Delhi, P-39,40,41 . Sarin, et. al. Methods of Educational Research, Aggarwal Publication, Agra, P. 56-58 . Sharma, R.A. (2009), Educational Research and Statistics, International Publishing House, Meerut, P. 155, 174, 198 .

Sweety Rani

A STUDY OF CREATIVITY AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN RELATION TO THEIR SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3151/3157

Creativity and Socio-Economic Status both are the important variables related to each and every personality living in a particular society. The present study was an endeavour to find out the Creativity and Socio-Economic Status of Senior Secondary School Students.   For the present study comprises 150 students were selected randomly from District of Faridkot. The obtained results depicted that Senior Secondary School Students have Above Average Creativity. Most of Senior Secondary School Students belongs to Middle Class Families. A significant difference was obtained in Creativity between Boys and Girls Students of Senior Secondary School. The results revealed that Girl Students of Senior Secondary School are more creative than boys. There is no significant difference in Socio-Economic Status between Boys and Girls Senior Secondary School Students. No significant relationship was obtained between Creativity and Socio-Economic Status of Senior Secondary School Students. 

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Drevdahl, J. E. (1956). Factors of importance for creativity. Journal of Clinical Psychology,12, 22. Good, C.V. (1959). Advanced Educational Psychology, published by: R.Lall book depot, Meerut , 581. Guilford, R. (1971). Advanced Educational Psychology, published by: R.Lall book depot, Meerut , 582. Kalia, A. K. & Sahu, S. (2012). Type of school, socio-economic status and alienation correlation of health adjustment. Journal of Education & Psychological Research, 2. Kamal, F. (2014). A study of socio-economic status in relation to depression in adolescents of inter colleges, drawn from different boys and girls inter colleges in Nainital Distt.; Indian Journal of Psychology and Mental health, 8(1), 32-34. Kappuswamy, B. (1959). A scale of measure of socio-economic status. Indian Journal of Psychology, 34(1), 1-10.

Sanhita Padhi & Bandita Pati

SEVERITY OF PERSISTENCE AND TOXICITY OF HEXACHLOROCYCLOHEXANE (HCH) TO THE ENVIRONMENT- A CURRENT APPROACH

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3158/3168

Though the use of Organochlorine pesticides significantly develops the economic status of many developing countries by increasing the crop yield and preventing the vector-borne diseases, but it becomes a serious threat to our environment increasing serious health problems. The persistence of Organochlorine pesticide, Hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH) and its isomers are toxic and cause hepatotoxic, immune-toxic, reproductive, and developmental effects. These become persistent in the soil and environment for a longer period due to their recalcitrant properties and their slow bioconversion into inorganic compounds. Hence, these are biomagnified into the tropic level and cause acute and chronic health problems. Though the use of HCH is banned in developed countries still several developing countries are using lindane (HCH) in domestic and agriculture purposes including India. Different abiotic factors like moisture, pH and Eh, temperature, organic matters affect the persistence of HCH. 
Key words: Organochlorine pesticide, vector-borne, Hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH), persistence, recalcitrant, bioconversion, hepatotoxic, immune-toxic, bio-magnification

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Abhilash, P.C., Singh, N., 2009. Pesticide use and application: an Indian scenario. J. Hazard. Mater. 165, 1–12. Adhya, T.K., Rao, V.R., Dani, R.C., Panda, D. and Sethunathan, N. 1994. Leaching of hexachlorocyclohexane isomers in a flooded field unplanted or planted to rice. Water, Air, Soil Pollut. 78:129-139. Behboodi, M. 1978. Persistence of lindane and dieldrin in treated soil of an opium field. Entomol. Phytopathol. App. 46:16-17.

Nishad Pratima & Madhan Ritu

EFFECT OF ENZYMATIC BLEACHING ON PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF HEMP FABRIC

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3169/3176

Being an eco-friendly fiber, the use of hemp as a commercial textile fiber will be very beneficial. Therefore, the study was undertaken on the bleaching process of hemp fabric. The study observed the effect of chemical reagents as well as combinations of enzymes with chemicals on hemp fabric.  The chemicals used were Hydrogen peroxide, Sodium hypochlorite, and Sodium hydroxide and six different combinations of chemical reagents and laccase enzyme (6 combinations i.e. Laccase + Hydrogen peroxide, Laccase + Sodium hypochlorite, Laccase + Sodium hydroxide, Hydrogen peroxide + Laccase, Sodium hypochlorite + Laccase, and Sodium hydroxide + Laccase) were used.  The procured hemp fabric was tested for eleven physical parameters before and after processing.  The hemp fabric bleached using chemical reagents only showed slight yellowing; hence these fabric samples were not used for further testing.  The samples of chemical and enzyme combinations were used for further testing.  Bleaching effect of all the samples was noted using spectrophotometer readings.  The results showed that the readings of physical properties for fabric count, yarn crimp, yarn twist, thickness, weight per square meter, dimensional stability/shrinkage, crease/wrinkle resistance, tensile strength and tearing strength has increased after the treatment. There was very little change observed in the results of yarn count. The abrasion and pilling was reduced after the treatment. Among the bleached samples the highest whiteness was achieved with only laccase enzyme treated sample.
Keywords: Hemp, Enzyme, Laccase, Physical test, Qualitative analysis.

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Ashra A. and Burde N. (2001), A comparison on enzyme application and conventional wet processing, (unpublished dissertation), NirmalaNiketan College of Home Science, New Marine Lines, Churchgate Athalye A. (2012), Desizers are Deciders, (published journal), Colourage September 2012/43. Bahuguna R. (April 1985), Studies in bleaching low energy bleaching of cotton and polyester/cellulosic blended fabric, (unpublished dissertation), NirmalaNiketan College of Home Science, New Marine Lines, Churchgate. Balaji P. (2015), HEMP: “The Wonder Plant”,(published journal), APPAREL, March 2015/56 Bharat I.D. and Madhan R. (April 2009-2010), A comparative study: Effects of Dye Fixing Agents On The Reactive Dyes Use On Cotton Fabrics With Different Construction (Unpublished Thesis), NirmalNiketan College of Home Science, New Marine Lines, Churchgate. Kumar (2009), “Continuous pretreatment and bleaching of textile using enzymes”,(published journal),Colourage, July 2009/75

Shri. Dadpe Devidas Eknathrao

E-RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT IN ACADEMIC LIBRARIES

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3177/3182

Now days we are living in an era of great technology and today’s academic Libraries have accepted modern forms of library techniques. The digital resources are readily available from many sources and those content are available by the teachers and learners through the internet A digital Library is also known as a distributed text based computer raised in form system and services. In the modern digital era most of the library collecton will be  E-resources so all collection of electronic resources is to provide specific pin pointed exhaustive expeditious of information services to their users The efficiency of library services largly by the quality and quantity of its collection 
Keyword: Digital library information communication, E- Resources, E-Books , academic libraries, E-Documents, collection Development .

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Bryant B; ed. (1989). Geude for written collection policy statements, Chicago; American Library Association. Miller Ruth H (2002) Electronic Resources and the academic library in Encyclopedia of library of Information Science V72. Muhammad Riaz, Modern Techniques of documentation a information work. Digital library in Indian Context (2013),

Shalini Sharma

A STUDY TO DETERMINE LEVELS OF STRESS IN EMPLOYEES IN IT SECTOR- NEED FOR STRESS MANAGEMENT

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3183/3188


Organizations are constantly undergoing change through new demands, changing technology, demographic changes and increased competition. Due to the increase in workload, psychological problems related to occupational stress have increased rapidly. Job stress has become a hazard to the health of employees and in turn the health of organizations The purpose of this research paper is to study the levels of stress in employees of IT industry and illustrate the overall importance of stress management in the workplace.

Keywords: Stress management, stress, IT Sector 

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Shashi. K. Gupta, 2000, Organizational Behaviour, Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana K.K. Ahuja, 2005, Human Resource Management, Kalyani Publishers, Ludhiana. 1997-98/2005-06 Reserve Bank of India. 2006-07 e: NASSCOM estimates. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/information_technology_in_india teorionline.files.wordpress.com/…/unit-3-the workplace stress-scale.pdf

Archna Sharma & Vivek Nath Tripathi

FACTORS AFFECTING ENROLMENT TRENDS IN GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE SCHOOLS AT ELEMENTARY LEVEL AS PERCEIVED BY TEACHERS AND PARENTS

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3189/3198

 The study was conducted in one district i.e. Hamirpur of Himachal Pradesh. The researcher tried to find out the perception of teachers and parents regarding the factors affecting enrolment trends in government and private schools at elementary level. Teachers teaching in government and private schools of Hamirpur district and parents whose children are studying in these schools were the sample of the study. The convenient sampling method was used and data analysis was performed through the percentage method. The results show that the enrolment trend in government schools is declining continuously year wise. And parents are preferring private schools for the education of their children.

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Aggarwal, Y. (2000). Primary Education in Unrecognized Schools in Haryana, A Study of DPEP districts. New Delhi: NIEPA. Alderman, H., P. Orazem and E.M. Paternao, (2001). School Quality, School Cost and the Public/Private School Choices of Low-income Households in Pakistan. Journal of Human Resources, 36, pp. 304-324. Archer, J. (2000). Uncommon values. In lessons of a century a nation’s schools come of age. Bethesda, MD: Editorial Projects in Education, pp. 205-229. Buddin, R., Cordes, J., and Kirby, S. (1998). School choice in California: Who chooses private schools? Journal of Urban Economics, 44, pp. 110-134. Centre for Equity Studies (2003). A New Study to Access the Quality and Scope of MDM Programme in Chattisgarh, Rajasthan and Karnatka. New Delhi. Collins, A. and Snell M. C. (2000). Parental Preferences and Choice of School.Applied Economics, 32(7), pp. 803-813.

Bishwashwari Chandra

AN ANALYSIS ON DISPARITY IN LEVEL OF DEVELOPMENT AS WELL AS SOCIO-ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT AMONG THE BLOCKS OF MALDAH DISTRICT, WEST BENGAL

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3199/3208

Development indicates the advancement of social and economic environment of any region. In fact, proper development occurs only when managing the balance between natural and human resources. It improves the livelihood quality of people. The present paper focuses on pattern of level of development and factors behind disparity regarding development in different blocks of Malda district where the backbone of economy is based on agriculture and it ranks as one of the most underdeveloped district in West Bengal. The population is mainly rural and blocks lag behind in terms of low level of literacy, work participation, medical facilities and other civic amenities. In this paper, index of development in respect of socio-economic status has been worked out after Kendall’s method. As a result, an imbalanced development takes place in the blocks and creates inter-block disparities related to social and economic conditions.

Keywords: development, disparity, socio-economic status, factors

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Alvi, Z. (1999), “Statistical Geography”, Rawat Publications, New Delhi. Census of India, 2011 District Statistical Handbook of Malda (2007), Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics, Govt. Of West Bengal Mahnood, A. (1977), “Statistical Methods in Geographical Studies”, Rajesh Publications, New Delhi. Pal, M.N. (1975), “Regional Disparities in the Levels of Development”, Indian Journal of Regional Science, Vol. II, No. 1, pp. 12-35

Ritu Bala & Nekram

A STUDY OF SELF CONCEPT AND EXAMINATION ANXIETY OF ADOLESCENCE STUDENTS

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3209/3212

This Study aimed to find out impact of self concept on examination anxiety of Adolescence students. The self concept scale by Dr. R.S. Saraswat and examination anxiety scale by Dr. Madhu Aggarwal and Smt. Warsha Kaushal to assess the correlation of self concept and examination anxiety in adolescence students with age group (13-17 years). Techniques to find the result calculation like mean, median, standard deviation, co-relation, t-value were done. Key Words :- Self Concept and Examination Anxiety of Adolescence. 

 

 

 

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Bhansali, R & Trivedi, K. (2008), “Academic anxiety gender specific : A comparative study”. Journal of Social Science 17(1), pp 1 - 3. Das Gupta (Aug. 2010), “Dying Young”, Kolkata : India Today. Mitre, M. (2007), “The role of Text Anxiety Academic overload and parenting style on the self concept of adolescent”, Ph.D Thesis, Kolkata, West Bengal, India Calcutta University. Iregbu, Mamasseh N. (2013), “Effect of Test Anxiety Gener and Perceived Self Concept on Academic Performance of Nigerian Students”, International Journal of Psychology and Councelling, Vol. 5(7), pp 143-146. Monaller G., Sarason, S. (1952), “A Study of Anxiety and Leaving”, Nig. J. Education, Psychology.

Bharat V. Patil

MANAGEMENT OF MANURES AND FERTILIZERS FOR BETELVINE CULTIVATION

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3213/3220

In the present study attempt was made to understand the application of manures and fertilizers for betelvine cultivation in the selected area of Sangli district. The role of manures and fertilizers in betelvine cultivation plays a vital role. Production of quality chewable pan depends on the appropriate application of manures and fertilizers.  The Sangli district has varieties of soils on account of its geographical situation. The Shirala tahsil which has literate soil mixed with hard murum. The parts of Miraj, Walva and Palus tahsils are endowed with deep black, soil and form a fertile agricultural productivity track due to the boon of river Krishna. Atpadi and Kadegaon tahsils covered with poor soil which has no suitability of growing betelvine as assured crop. Sangli district was well-known in growing betelvine due to the hereditary skill and knack. Cultivators employed experienced labour force to exercise culture for the better yield. Different parts of Sangli district grew betelvine.  However, cultivators in Sangli district were too much enthusiastic in obtaining, maintaining and retaining originality of growing betelvine leaves. Maintenance of soil quality, humidity in the betelvine garden, proper irrigation and application of manures and fertilizers affect on the yield of betel leaves. Quality leaves fetch attractive earnings to the cultivators. While using manures and fertilizers to the betelvine proper care is taken. Application of excess fertilizers badly affect on the growth of betelvine. Manures and fertilizers required to apply at the appropriate time.

Key Words: Manures and Fertilizers, Chewable pan, suitability of growing betelvine and fertility of soil 

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Nakat R. V., Acharya A., Sudha D. V., and others “Evaluation of The Efficacy of Paecilomyes Lilancinus in the control of Root-Knot Nematode (Maloidogvne Incognite) on Betelvine” Nakat R. V., Khaire V. M. and Dethe M. D., “Management of Red Vegetable Mite (Tetranychus neocaledonicus) Andre Infesting Betelvine Crop in India.” MPKV, Rahuri Yadav B. P., Ojha K. L. and Prasad Y., “Betelvine Cultivation in Bihar”, National Symposium on Betelvine Production Technology, 1993: 10-12 Natrajan S. V. and Nagalakshmi S. “Betelvine cultivation in Tamil Nadu”, National Symposium on Betelvine Production Technology, 1993 : 26-27 Nakat R. V., “Influence of Nitrogen Fertilization to Betelvine on Population Development of Tetranychus Neocaledonicus Andre.” Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri Chaurasi R. K. “Betelvine cultivation in Madhya Pradesh”, National Symposium on Betelvine Production Technology, 1993: 15-18 National symposium on Betelvine Production Technology, 1993: 7-9

Vijay K Gaikwad &Rakesh B Ghag

BIOLOGICAL AND CATALYTIC ACTIVITY OF MIXED LIGAND TRANSITION METAL COMPLEXES

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3221/3232

 \"\"

A new series of Cr(III), Mn(II), Fe(II), Fe(III), Co(II), Ni(II) and Zn(II) ternary complexes derived from lornoxicam and1,10-phenanthroline (Phen) have been synthesized.The two ligands, in comparison to ternary metal complexes are screened for their antimicrobial and anticancer activity. The results showed that the metal complexes be more active than the parent LOR ligand but less active than 1,10-phenanthroline free ligand. The Co(II) and Cu(II) metal complexes completely missed anticancer activity. Similarly Chiral mixed ligand (CML) metal complexes are synthesized. The CMLCo(II)/Ni(II) complexes, synthesized and characterized in the present work, have been used as catalysts decomposition of hydrogen peroxide. The study on catalytic decomposition of hydrogen peroxide deals with the use of these complexes as two different types of catalysts i.e. heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysts heterogenisedon alumina. It has been observed that complexes adsorbed on alumina (heterogenized) are better catalysts as compared to non-adsorbed complexes (heterogeneous catalysts).      Keywords: Lornoxicam; 1,10-phenanthroline, ternary metal complexes; spectroscopy ,Mixed ligand metal complexes, isonitrosopropiophenone Benzil, bis (thiosemicarbazone), Fe(II), Zn(II)Benzaldehyde, Catalyst,Hydrogen Peroxide, Oxidation

 

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Ram Sharn

SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF AGEING POPULATION IN PUNJAB

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3233/3240

\"\"Studying ageing population has traditionally been the domain of gerontologists. Consequently, most of research on ageing population has centered on health related issues and policy. In this research work we are fundamentally concerned with the geographical dimensions of aging population. The spatial pattern of ageing is based on crude birth rate, total fertility rate and life expectancy and migration processes. As life expectancy grows and fertility rates decline, senior citizens will make up an ever-larger share of the total population. The effect of this demographic shift will be staggering. ‘It will come with a whopping price tag, which will place a massive burden on an ever smaller working- age population’ (Peterson, 1999). It focuses on population ageing, exploring where and why of spatial pattern of ageing population. The approach of analysing spatial trends in one particular age group is adopted in this study as it provides a useful and relevant platform for negotiating the broader theoretical and methodological debate in human geography.

Key Words: Crude Birth rate, Total Fertility rate, Spatial distribution, Ageing Population, 

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Davies,A. James,A. ( 2011) “Geographies of Ageing, Social Processes and the Spatial Unevenness of Population Ageing”. Printed and bound in Great Britain by TJ International Ltd, Padstow, Cornwall. Kurek, S.(2007) Population Ageing Research From A Geographical Perspective- Methodological Approach, Bulletin of Geography ( Socio-Economic Series) No.8/2007. Lahiri,Rao, Srinivivasan,S ( 2005) Role of Age-Specific Growth Rates on Population Ageing in Some Developed and Developing Countries- A Comparative Study. Demography India vol.34 number 1, 2005, pp. 63-83.

Ashwini Roy A.S

CIVIL SOCIETY-ITS ROLE IN GOOD GOVERNANCE: PARTICIPATION, ACCOUNTABILITY AND TRANSPARENCY

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3241/3248

 For over two decades now, the process of globalization has been influencing the socio-economic environment in countries. While globalization provides new opportunities for economic development to countries through trade liberalization, foreign direct investment, capital flows, information exchange and technological transfer, it has meant increased deprivation for those nations which have been unable to adjust to the new requirement of global society. Thus on one hand while we witness rapid economic growth and prosperity in some regions, there are more than a billion people who continue to live in poverty with purchasing power of less than a dollar a day. In the poorest countries, about one fifth of the children die in the first year of their birth, nearly half of those who survive fare malnourished and a significant proportion of the population does not have access to clear water, sanitation, basic health services and education. This paper identifies the significance of Civil Society, impediments to the growth of civil society in developing countries and its role in good governance.

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Human Development Report, 1993, U.N Development Programme, United Nations. Human Development Report, 2003, “Millennium Development Goals: A Compact among Nations and End to Human Poverty”, U.N Development Programme. Rondin elli, D.A and Cheema G.S, 2003, Reinventing Government for the 21st Century: State Capacity in a Globalising Society”, published by Kumarian Press, Inc. UNDP 2003, “Good Practices in Asia and the Pacific, Expanding choices, Empowering People”, Regional Bureau of Asia and Pacific. World Development Report, 1990, “Poverty”, World Development Indicators, The World Bank. World Development Report, 2004; Making Services Work for Poor People, The World Bank.

Suman Lata & Surender Kumar Sharma

TEACHER EFFECTIVENESS OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN RELATION TO GENDER AND PROFESSIONAL COMMITMENT

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3249/3258

\"\"The present study investigated the teacher effectiveness of elementary school teachers in relation to gender and professional commitment. Descriptive research design was used to accomplish the objective of the study. A sample of 400 elementary school teachers working in government schools was taken from four districts of Himachal Pradesh by random sampling technique. Mean, S.D., Analysis of variance and t- test was used for analyzing the collected data. . The findings of the study revealed that male and female elementary school teachers differ significantly in their teacher effectiveness. There exists a significant difference in teacher effectiveness of elementary school teachers with respect to their level of professional commitment. There is no significant interactional effect of gender and level of professional commitment on teacher effectiveness of elementary school teacher.

Keywords: Teacher Effectiveness, Professional Commitment, Gender, Elementary School Teachers. 

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Aggrwal, Y.P. (1990). “Statistical methods: Concept application and computation”. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers. Amandeep and Gurpreet (2005). A Study of Teacher Effectiveness in relation to Teaching Competency, Recent Researches in Education and Psychology,10 (I-II), 54-57. Arjunan, M. and Balamurgan, M. (2013). Professional Commitment of Teachers Working in Tribal Area schools, International Journal of Current Research and Development, 2(1), 65-74. Bhardwaj, Meenakshi (2009). Teacher effectiveness in Relation to Teaching Styles and Personality Types of Secondary School Teachers, Unpublished Ph.D Thesis, Department of Education, Panjab University Chandigarh.

Mrs. Vaishali Sameer Kulkarni

A STUDY OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ACTIVITY BASED TEACHING LEARNING METHOD FOR STD. VI STUDENTS

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3259/3262

The present study was conducted to investigate whether Activity Based Teaching Learning Method is implemented properly for Std. VI students. The study was conducted on random sample of 100 students studying in Std. VI from Abhinav English Medium School, Ambegaon, (Bk), Pune. The Survey Method was used for this research. A questionnaire was used as a tool for data collection. The result of the study reveals that Std. VI students were aware about Activity Based Teaching Learning Method and it is properly implemented in the classroom. They participate in different activities conducted in the classroom. For them it is very enjoyable and an interesting learning method. 

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http://abhideep.org/mudaliar-commission-1952-1953/ https://books.google.co.in/books?isbn=8170222133 https://www.gov.uk/.../uploads/.../ABL-revised-terms-reference.pdf UNICEF.in/Story/603/Activity-based-learning-A-change-in-primary-Education www.ashanet.org/siliconvalley/asha20/pdfs/amukta-abl-tn.pdf unicef.in>Story>Activity-based-learning

Ranjeet Singh & Gurwinder

A STUDY OF EMOTIONAL AND SOCIAL COMPETENCE AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS OF WORKING AND NON-WORKING MOTHERS OF SIRSA

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3263/3269

\"\"Social and Emotional aspects  of a child plays an important role in his/her life. So the development of  these aspects make them competent in their life. In this research an attempt was made to study and compare Emotional and Social Competence among secondary school students of  working and non-working mothers of Sirsa. It was an attempt to answer the research question 1) Is there any difference in Social Competence of students of working and non-working mothers?  2) Is there any relationship between Social and Emotional Competence of students of working mothers?  Sample consisted 160 students randomly selected from Sirsa. Standardized tools were used for the collection of data in  the study. The data related to this were analyzed with the help of t-test. It was found that there is significant difference in Social and Emotional Competence of students of working and non-working mothers. And there is no significant relationship between Social and Emotional Competence of students of non-working mothers.

Key words: Emotional Competence, Social Competence, working and non-working mothers 

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Christopher J. Trentacosta, Sarah E. Fine (2010), "Emotional knowledge, social competence, and behaviours problems in childhood and adolescence: A meta analytic review", Social Development, 19(1), 1-29. Dr. Surender Sharma, Suman Lata (2013), “The comparative study of emotional competence among students in relation to their gender and type of institute”. International Journal Of Behavioral Social And Movement Sciences Research, 2. Emiko Tonaka. et.al (2009), "Implication of social competence among thirty month old toddler : A theory of mind perspective", J Epidemiol 2010; 20 (Suppl 2) : S447-S451 The Prosocial. Eva H. Telzer, Yang Qu, Diane Goldenberg, Andrew J. Fuligni, Adriana Galván, and Matthew D. Lieberman (2014), “Adolescents’ emotional competence is associated with parents’ neural sensitivity to emotions”.

Sanjay Kumar & Surender Kumar Sharma

CREATIVITY AMONG ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN RELATION TO GENDER, SOCIAL CATEGORY AND EMOTIONAL MATURITY

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3270/3276

 The present study investigated the creativity among elementary school teachers in relation to gender, social category and emotional maturity. Descriptive research design was used to accomplish the objectives of the study. A random sample of 400 elementary school teachers was taken from four districts of Himachal Pradesh namely Bilaspur, Shimla, Sirmour and Solan. Statistical technique ANOVA was employed to analyse the collected data. The findings of the study revealed that there is no significant difference between male and female elementary school teachers of open and reserve category on creativity. However, a significant difference was found between highly emotionally mature and low emotionally mature elementary school teachers on creativity. Further, it was found that gender and social category, gender and emotional maturity, social category and emotional maturity, and gender, social category and emotional maturity taken together had no significant interactional effects on creativity among elementary school teachers.

Keywords: Creativity, Emotional Maturity, Elementary School Teacher. 

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Coleman, James C. (1969). Psychology and Effective Behavior (pp. 386-387 and 393-396). US: Scott, Foresman and Company. Gupta, S. M. (1995). Effect of Social Class Status on Creative Ability of Students. Bhartiya Shiksha Shodh Patrika, Vol. 14(2), 121-128. Jabeen, N. (2013). Impact of Emotional Maturity, Hardiness and Job Satisfaction on Teaching Effectiveness of School Teachers (Unpublished Ph. D. Thesis in Education). Department of Education, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/ 10603/21095 on 23th April, 2016. Kapoor, S. (2014). Teaching Effectiveness of School Teachers in Relation to Sense of Humour and Emotional Maturity (Unpublished Ph. D. Thesis). Department of Education, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/ 10603/ 38092 on 23th April, 2016.

B.S. Jamwal

INCLUSIVE EDUCATION AND ATTITUDE OF SCHOOL GOING TEACHERS

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3277/3282

Inclusive education is the powerful efforts of our state and centre governments to uplift the status of the disabled children those  are less likely  go to school and  are considered  a burden on the family members of the society.  To  keep the distance of parents of  disabled children  from the inferiority complex ,inclusive education has started. in the Present Study, an attempt has been made to find the attitude of School teachers towards Inclusive Education. Teacher attitude scale was used.  100 teachers male and female of primary school going were selected as a sample of the study. The Results of the study reveal that teachers show the positive attitude to the inclusive education. Female teachers having more positive attitude to the inclusive education because female having more sympathy than the male. More experienced teachers having more positive attitude than less experienced teachers. 

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Theories of Inclusive Education-Peter Clough (2000) Inclusive Education for children with special needs-Neena Dash (2006) Inclusive Education-Hary Dancids (1999) Inclusive Education Supporting diversity in the classroom-Joanne Depperler (2010) Book B (2001) A comparison of teachers ‘Attitudes towards their students with mild and severe disabilities.

K.Suresh & Mr.R.Vedhan

A CORRELATION STUDY OF TEACHER EDUCATORS’ EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF B.ED TRAINEES

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3283/3287


The study envisages the correlation between Teacher Educators’ emotional intelligence and academic achievement of B.Ed trainees of Thanjavur District. The sample comprised of 1342 Teacher Educators of Thajavur District has been taken by using simple random sampling technique. The independent and dependent variable of the study are emotional intelligence and academic achievement respectively. Data were collected through Normative Survey method. Mean and correlation analysis were computed. The results indicate that the emotional intelligence of the teacher educators’ is high, the academic achievement of B.Ed trainees is in first class and the correlation between emotional intelligence and academic achievement is high.

Keywords: Emotions, academic achievement, Thanjavur, Normative and simple random sampling 

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Anjali Pahad, A. (2003). Intelligence, SES and adjustment as correlates of academic achievement. The Educational Review, 46(9), 6-9. Babu, M. (2008). Self esteem and academic achievement among B.Ed. trainees in Dharmapuri District. Unpublished M.Ed. dissertation, Periyar university, Salem. Craig,R.Seal,. Stefanie,E.Naumann,.Amy, N. Scott,. Joanna Royce Dan’s. (2013). Social Emotional Development: A New Model of Student Learning in Higher Education. Retrieved, Sep 15, 2013, from http://www.uabri.com/manuscripts/106720pdf. John,W.Best (1998). Research in Education: Tool meaning. New Delhi: PHI Learning Private Learning.

Savitha. S & Srimathi.N.L

FAMILY ENVIRONMENT AMONG ADOLESCENTS WITH LOW AND SEVERE SUICIDAL IDEATION

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3288/3297

In this study an attempt was made to find the difference in family environment between female and male adolescents with low and severe suicidal ideation. It was hypothesised that there will be significant difference between gender of low and severe suicidal ideation. A sample of 120 college going students of age varying between 16-19 years were selected from three different colleges of Bengaluru. Modified Scale for Suicidal Ideation (MSSI- Miller) was administered and students were classified into low and severe suicidal ideation adolescents based on the scoring system of Modified Scale for Suicidal Ideation. 30 each of males and females respectively belonging to categories of low and severe suicidal ideation group was selected were considered for the study (total sample being 120). Family Environment Questionnaire (Bhatia and Chadha) which measured 8 dimensions on family was administered. The results were analysed using t test to study the significant difference in family environment for low and severe suicidal ideation between the genders. The findings indicated that significant difference found only on the family dimension of recreational orientation for male and female with low suicidal ideation. Females and males with severe suicidal ideation differed significantly on different dimensions of family environment except on the areas of family conflict and organization.
Keywords: Adolescents, suicidal ideation, family environment.

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Alegria, M., Sribney, W., Woo, M., Torres., Guarnaccia, P.(2007). Looking beyond nativity: The relation of age of immigration, length of residence, and birth cohorts to the risk of onset of psychiatric disorders for latinos. Research in Human Development. 4(1):19–47. Brent, D.A., Perper, J.A., Goldstein, C.E., Kolko, D.J., Allan, M.J., Allman, C.J., Zelenak, J .P. (1988). Risk factor for adolescent suicide. A comparison of adolescent suicide victims with suicidal inpatients. Archives of General Psychiatry. 45(6):581–588. Chiou, P.N., Chen, Y.S., Lee, Y.C.(2007). Characteristics of adolescent suicide attempters admitted to an acute psychiatric ward in Taiwan. Journal of the Chinese Medicine Association. 69(9):428–435.

Paromita Das

ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND LAW: A RIGHT FOR ALL

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3298/3303

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Environmental issues are a growing concern in today’s world. All the countries, including       India, are facing excessive environmental degradation. There are so many policies and laws but no one cares to follow them until the question of punishment comes. One’s life is very much related to the environment. What causes environmental degradation, pollution, diseases and stress are to be known and understood and the remedial measures to be applied in local conditions starting from our own homes. If we become aware our duty is to make the people around aware of it for the sustainable development. Everyone will surely want their future generations to dwell in a healthy and peaceful environment with the fulfilment of all the basic necessities of life. The time has come to know all our rights and responsibilities and this can be achieved both  informally, non-formally and formally through the education system. Environmental Education has been a core paper at the school and college levels but we need to be more specific about the laws in this paper, how much they are being implemented and what changes can be brought in the curriculum. The present paper is an attempt to make people realise the need for a common discipline in any course of study as well as an individual course of study itself which shall include not only the education part but also the study of laws. This will not only help students to gain academically but also know their rights and responsibilities. This course of study in itself should be a right for all.   

Keywords:  issues, degradation, sustainable, curriculum, responsibilities.

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Environmental Law and Awareness of the Environment. Retrieved from https://www. lawteacher.net/ Environmental Laws of India. Retrieved from https:// www.environmentallawsofindia.com/ Environmental Rights and Responsibilities. Retrieved from https://www.legalline.ca/ Ravindran, D.J. Module 15: The Right to a Healthy Environment: Human Rights Library. Retrieved from https://www.hrlibrary.umn.edu/edumat/IHRIP/circle/modules/module15.htm/

Mrs. K. Govind & D. Amalor

A STUDY OF MENTAL HEALTH IN RELATION TO SPIRITUALITY AMONG ADOLESCENTS

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3304/3312

 In the present age of science and technology science and spirituality are considered to be two distinct entities. When science is materialistic in its attempt, spirituality lacks materialism. It is noteworthy that the more the wonder when the science does the less importance is given to age old spirituality. Is spirituality really a trivial one? And does it not help us to achieve  mental peace and harmony? are the research questions. Hence an attempt was made in the present study to find out the relationship between mental health, a state of psychological well being and spirituality. A random sample of 119 students studying senior secondary course in three higher secondary schools in Puducherry was drawn. The mean age of the students was 16 years. Mental health questionnaire developed by Sharma (2002) was used to assess the level of mental health and Spiritual Index Scale (SIS) developed by Mahendran (2012) was used to measure the level of spirituality. Correlation analysis was employed to find out the association between mental health and spirituality. The results showed evidence that spirituality is associated with mental health.  Demographic variables such as gender, residence (rural/urban) and type of school were included in the study. The impact of demographic variables on spirituality was tested through t-test.
Key words: mental health, spirituality, gender, residence, school environment

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Amalor, D. (2012). How to make successful decision. Kalpaz Publications, Delhi. Brady, M., Peterman, A., Fitchett, G., Mo, M. and Cella, D. (1999). A case for including spirituality in quality of life measurement in oncology. Psycho-Oncology, 8: 417–428. Cheryl Ormond et al. (1991): A metacognitive analysis of decision making in adolescence. Journal of Adolescence, 14, 275-291. Cohen, A. B. and Koenig, H. G. (2004). “Religion and mental health”. In Encyclopedia of applied psychology, Edited by: Spielberger, C. Vol. 3, 255–258. Oxford,, UK: Elsevier Academic Press.

Rege, K. & Jainapur, S.

MIDLIFE CAREER TRANSITION: BENEFITS, CHALLENGES AND STRATEGIES IN NEW TRENDS OF SECOND CAREER AMONG FEMALES (40-50 YEARS)

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3320/3334

 Midlife is a construct that in recent years has been defined in a variety of ways. Throughout the literature, varying interpretations of what this developmental stage actually encompasses are still being debated. However, these impending career changes/transitions for adults are often met with a host of psychological, emotional, cultural, and physical changes that can occur during this process. According to Levinson (1996), middle adulthood/midlife is defined as “the period of life from ages 40-65”. Dearth of research in the area of Midlife Career Change/Transition specifically change during midlife in the Indian context served as an impetus for the current study. The objective of the study was to elicit from females (40-50 years) (a) myths (b) benefits reaped (c) challenges faced and (d) strategies employed to overcome the challenges faced in relation to the process of midlife career change/transition in general. Sample characteristics of the participants were as follows: ages of all the participants in the study ranged from 40- 50 years (M= 45.05; SD= 3.105), substantial majority were from Hindu Community (females [86%]) and with a marital status being married (females [80%]). Large majority belonging to the nuclear family (females [78%]). The participants (females [30%]) indicated their monthly income to be in the range of Rs. 40,000 to 50,000. Results revealed that, participants indicated their myths to be (a) intra-personal, such as magically transforming lives and (b) career-related, such as starting everything from scratch; benefits reaped, such as enjoy meeting, working and motivating new people with new ideas and learn from them; good flow of income, increased salary; challenges faced, such as time management (lack, less time); managing finances was difficult (e.g. personal and family, less money in hand) due to which financial conflicts, crisis, economic concerns and issues at home aroused; and strategies employed to overcome challenges, such as managing finances by using strategies for financial planning and anticipating financial challenges in new career; developing and learning new added skill set and getting into learning mode for newness in work by doing homework, checking work-profile, having constant up gradation and shifting roles, using professional skills into the current field and being a lifelong learner.

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Black, Dan A., 1995. “Discrimination in an Equilibrium Search Model.” Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 13, (April): 309-334. Bowlus, Audra J. and Zvi Eckstein, 2002. “Discrimination and skill differences in an equilibrium search model.” International Economic Review, 43(4), 1309-1345 Bobek, B. L., & Robbins, S. B. (2005). Counseling for career transition: Career pathing, job loss, and reentry. In S. D. Brown & R. W. Lent (Eds.), Career development and counseling (pp. 625-650). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. Brim, G., & Kagan, J. (Eds.). (1980). Constancy and Change in Human Development. Cambridge, Harvard University Press.

Ratani Thakur

DR. BABASAHEB AMBEDKAR: THE MESSIAH

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3335/3340

Dr. Babasahed Ambedkar is the architect of Indian constitution, worked his full life for the poor and weaker section of people. Being born Mahar family he emerged not only as most educated person but also became the Messiah for the people. Three things and three masters played very important role in his life. He was deeply influenced by three ideals. He struggled for the revival of Buddhism in modern India and his movement of mass conversion to Buddha’s four fold path cannot be forgotten by this millennium. Education is central point of development of human being. “Education is must for all” this mantra was given by him. We should try to adopt his ideas and thoughts then only we can pay tribute to our Messiah.
Keywords: Education, weaker section, three masters.

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Prof. C.D.Naik (2003) – Thoughts and Philosophy of Dr. B.R. Ambedkar . Sarup and Sons, New Delhi. Ruth Manorama – Causes for a Just Society. Shikshan Samvedan (Marathi, May’2015) – Anurag Prakashan , Kalyan. Shikshan Samvedan (Marathi,Sept.’2015)- Anurag Prakashan, Kalyan.

Shriram S. Nikam

SOCIAL BACKGROUND OF INDIAN NATIONALISM

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3341/3344

 The degraded and dehumanized Hindu Society was mobilized towards modernity as the alien rule obliged it to do so. The modern values of democracy provided the avenues to Indian elites to make rational enquiry into their own social system for rebuilding their nation. The concept of nationalism includes three aspects of human life-social, political and economical. The initial stage dominated by social nationalism. The extremists enlarged the scope of political nationalism at the cost of social nationalism. The 20th century debate over the problem was multidimensional-secular nationalism of Gandhiji, Hindu nationalism and the nationalism based on social political and economic justice of Ambedkar. The debate over the issue of nationalism has been covered in this research article.

 

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Shriram Nikam, Gandhi – Ambedkar: Asprushyamukti Sangharsh (m), Lokwangmay Gruha, Mumbai, 2008, Pp. -9-10. Shriram Nikam, Ekonisavya Shatkatil Samajik Chalvali (Article in Marathi), cited in ‘Shodh’, Oct-Dec., 1999, Pp. 1-3. Gouri Shankar Bhatt, Social and Historical Rise of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, cited in Rajeshwar Prasad (ed.), Social Reform: An Indian Society, Y. K. Publishers, Agra, 1990, P. 189. Natarajan, Century of Social Reform in India, Asia Publishing House, Bombay, 1959, P. 38. Shriram Nikam, Destiny of Untouchables in Indian, Deep & Deep Publications, New Delhi, 1998, P. 29.

Shriram S. Nikam

GANDHIJI’S PERCEPTION OF LIBERATING THE UNTOUCHABLES

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3345/3348

 In a tradition bound society men do not readily digest the manipulating change as the modern values and institutions offer. The deliberate intervention of modernity by the alien rule for its own sake in the country had not been welcomed by the natives. As such a leader of Indian National Congress Gandhiji had to dilute the earlier dichotomies such as social V/s political reforms and secularism V/s religion so as to organize united front of divergent social interests mobilizing them against the colonial rule. Hence Gandhiji would not follow the line of rationality with regard to the social justice offered by modern values; instead he would follow the line of liberal religious idiom instead of strictly secular to resolve the problem of untouchables by avoiding the path of struggle to be undertaken by them for their own emancipation.

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M. K. Gandhi, Young India, Vol. II, 1919-22, Tagore and Company, Madras, 1922, p. 801. Collected works of Mahatma Gandhi, Vol. LXIII, p. 153. (Here after as CWMG). CWMG, Vol. LXII, p. 219. Young India, Oct.27, 1920. Young India, Nov.24, 1920; also April 27, 1921. Young India, Nov.17, 1927. CWMG, Vol. LIII, p. 375. CWMG, Vol. XVIII, p. 486. Harijan, Nov. 7, 1932. CWMG, Vol. LIII, pp. 275-307.

MVR Raju & Ibrahim Meseud

CHARACTERIZING THE PSYCHOSOCIAL RAMIFICATION OF DIVORCE ON ADOLESCENT AND YOUTH: THE CASE OF AKSUM TOWN

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3349/3360

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Perhaps divorce is characterized by better half for some children and a bitter half for more children, thus the objective of the present research is to identify the psychosocial ramification of divorce (PSRD) on children. It employed a comparative cross-sectional research design, purposive quota sampling technique, and the sample size becomes 133 participants, the same sample size was taken from intact family for a norming purpose. It was analyzed through the quantitative approach of the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0 for windows and the results of all analysis’ were supplemented by tick narrative theme wise qualitative descriptions. The present study revealed that there was a high level of depression, personal stress, peer’s and school problems, and aggression on their children. Therefore, the more the control on problematic factors by their family, the less PSRD their children experienced.

Keywords: Psychosocial, Ramifications, Divorce, and Children

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Amato, P. & Keith, B. (1991). Parental Divorce and Well-being of Children: A Meta-Analysis, Psychological Bulletin, 110, 26-46. Amato, P. (1993). Children’s Adjustment to Divorce: Theories, Hypothesis, and Empirical Support. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 55, 23-38. Creswell, J. W. (2003). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. (2nd ed). Thousand Oaks, London, New Delhi, SAGE Publications. Elooff, S. (2003). An Exploration of the Ramification of Divorce on Children and Adolescents. The Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine

Kavitha.A & Mangala S M

QUALITY OF LIFE AMONG WOMEN WORKING AS TEACHERS IN COLLEGES AND WOMEN WORKING AS ASSISTANT TO MANAGERS AT MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3361/3368

The World Health Organization has defined quality of life as “an individual’s perception of their position in life in the context of the culture and value system in which they live and in relation to their goals, expectations, standards, and concerns. It is a broad ranging concept affected in a complex way by the person’s physical health, psychological state, level of independence, social relationships and their relationships to salient features of the environment”. In the present study quality of life is also assessed in terms of physical health, psychological, social and environmental variables. The aim of the study was to analyse the difference in different aspects of quality of life between women working as teachers in colleges and women working as assistant to managers at multinational companies. A between group design with purposive sampling was opted for the study. Thirty each of women working as teachers in colleges and women working as assistant to managers at multinational companies were considered for the study. Women aged between 30 to 50 years, working at least from past five years and married for at least past three years were considered for the study. Women who are single mothers/separated from husband/widows were not considered for the study. The sample were administered Quality Of Life Questionnaire (BREF, WHO). The responses were scored adequately and results analysed using t test to analyse the difference in quality of life between two groups. The results indicated that that there was significant difference in quality of life in some areas and not in some other areas. The results indicated that on physical health, psychological health, social relationship domain the teacher’s group has indicated significantly better health than women working as assistants to managers at multinational companies. On environmental domain there was no significant difference between both the groups indicating no significant difference related to the overall work environment.  The results are discussed in detail also in reference with other studies and implications of the study are highlighted in background to problems faced by women in different occupations.

Key words: Quality Of Life, Women Working as Teachers in Colleges and Women Working as Assistant to Managers at Multinational Companies 

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Amatea, E. S., & Fong, M. L. (1991). The impact of role stressors and personal resources on the stress experience of professional women. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 15, 419-430. Baruch, G. K., & Barnett, R. C. (1986). Role quality, multiple role involvement, and psychological well-being in mid-life women. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 578-585. Beteille, (1975). The Role and Status of Working women. In: Shanta B. Astige. (2006). Role and Status of Working women. Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi, India. Grossman, H. Y., & Chester, N. L. (Eds.). (1990). The experience and meaning of work in women’s lives. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.

S.Suresh & Rambabu Gopisetti

A STUDY ON CONSUMER AWARENESS LEVELS TOWARDS LIFE INSURANCE PRODUCTS IN SECUNDERABAD DIVISION

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3369/3379

The growing need for financial education for the families to take better financial decision and to increase their economic security has been widely recognized, and educated customer can create economic ripples. The present study is to assess the level of awareness of policy holders about various aspects of life insurance, descriptive statistics ANOVA test was used to the primary data consisting of 672 sample respondents from Secunderabad LIC Division. The results of the study were intended to help in assessing the level of awareness of policy holders in the Division.
Keywords: Ripples, ANOVA, Secunderabad LIC Division, awareness, descriptive statistics

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Banumathy, S., & Subhasini, M. (2004). Attitude of Policyholders towards Life Insurance Business in Virudhunagar,. The Insurance Times , XXIV (7), 25-28. Bodla, B. S., & Verma, S. R. (2007). Life insurance policies in Rural Area: Understanding Buyer Behavior. The Icfai Journal of Servic Marketing, , 5 (4). Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences, Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Kish, Leslie, Survey Sampling, New York: 1965 Kumar, V. (2012). A contemporary study of factors influencing urban and rural consumers for buying different life insurance policies in Haryana. Maharhi Dayanand University, Commerce, Rohtak.

Anil Kumar Tamta

IMPACT OF SEASONALITY IN TOURISM AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT (A STUDY OF NAINITAL TOWN)

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 3380/3389

Nainital is the most beautiful hill station with beautiful lakes, mountains, amazing climate, natural and scenic beauty was developed by British government and a well known tourism destination of Kumaun region, Uttarakhand state in India.  This is the reason most of people visits Nainital and it receives maximum tourists round the year especially in the months of mid May to mid July which is a peak season of tourism in the area. Peak season brings many opportunities for short term employment and income generation in organized and unorganized sector. This season of tourism affects directly and indirectly to local people and local area. The sustainable development becomes a need of those tourism destinations which affected with seasonal variations in tourism. This is the reason we selected Nainital - a Hill station in Kumaun region for the present study. The study tends to know the impact of peak season and problems associated with it. The survey research method was applied to the present study and data was collected through questionnaire. Result from the present study reveals that there is negative and positive impact of seasonality in Nainital town. The study would suggest us some outcomes for reducing seasonality factors for sustainable development of the selected area.

Keywords: Sustainable development, Seasonality, Peak Season, Organized sector, Unorganized sector. 

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Baum, T. & Lundtorp, S. (2001). Seasonality in Tourism: An Introduction. In T. Baum & S. Lundtorp (Eds.), Seasonality in Tourism (p.1). UK: Elsevier Science Ltd. Butler, R. W. (2001). Seasonality in Tourism: Issues and Implications. In T. Baum & S. Lundtorp (Eds.), Seasonality in Tourism (p.5). UK: Elsevier Science Ltd. Cannas, R. (2012). An Overview of Tourism Seasonality: Key Concepts and Policies. Alma Tourism, 5, p.45. Horochowski, K. & Moisey, R. N. (2008). Local Participation and Attaining Sustainable Tourism: a Comparative Study of Honduran Ecotourism Development. In S.F. McCool & R.N. Moisey (Eds.), Tourism, Recreation and Sustainability: Linking culture and the Environment (2nd ed.). UK: Cabi. p.183.

Randhir Singh

THE NEED FOR REVITALIZING TEACHER EDUCATION

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 4340/4344


School education system has developed considerably across the years as a result of new, improvised policies and programmes for better accessibility and quality of school education. This has enhanced the need of improvised infrastructure and skilled manpower to cater to the needs of the diverse student population in the classroom. The teacher education system, though is developing, yet has failed to take a quantum leap to match the demand of the quality teachers that has risen in the recent past. In this context, the paper aims to highlight the need for revitalising the teacher education system in the country in order to make the policies for improved school education a success.

Keywords: Teacher Education, Teacher Development 

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Avramidis, E., Bayliss, P., & Burden, R. (2000b). A survey into mainstream teachers' attitudes towards the inclusion of children with special education needs in the ordinary school in one local education authority. Educational Psychology, 20(2), 191?212. Booth, T. (2003). “Overcoming Barriers to Inclusive Teacher Education? ”Developing Inclusive Teacher Education. Routledge. Foreman, P. (Ed.). (2001). Integration and Inclusion in Action (Second Edition ed.). Sydney: Harcourt. Govinda, R. and Tapan, S. 1999. Quality Education through School Based Supervision and Support.” International Institute of Educational Planning. Kothari Commission (1964-66) Education for National Development. Govt of India. MHRD (2012). Education for All towards Quality with Equity INDIA. NUEPA

Dhanwinder Kaur & Ram Niwas

AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOUR OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN RELATION TO THEIR FAMILY ENVIRONMENT

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 4341/4353

 Aggressive Behaviour is a major concern in most contemporary societies because it may inflict damage and harmful to self or others and constitute a serious threat to the wellbeing of the community at large. The present study was an endeavour to find out the relationship between aggression and family environment of secondary school students. The present study comprises of 320 adolescent students, taken randomly from the schools urban and rural areas of District Moga of Punjab. Aggression Scale by Dr. G. P. Mathur and Dr. Rajkumari Bhatnagar (2012) and Family Environment Scale by Dr. Harpreet Bhatia and Dr. N. K. Chadha (2012) were applied to collect the data. The obtained results depicted average aggression level among secondary school students. 25% of secondary school students show high aggression, 64% students show average aggression and 11% students show low aggression. There exists a significant difference between government and private secondary school students in Aggression. A positive correlation was found between aggression and most of the dimensions of family environment.
Keywords: Aggressive Behaviour, Family Environment, Secondary School Students.

 

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Adams, D.W. (1966). The Family: A sociological Interpretation. Child Development, 6 (2), 56-63. Anderson & Huesmann. (2003). Human aggression: A social-cognitive view. In M.A. Hogg & J. Cooper (Eds.), Handbook of social psychology, London: Sage Publications, 296-323. Bhagi, M., & Sharma, S. (1992). Encyclopedia Dictionary of Psychology, New Delhi; Anmol Publications, 1, 50-55. Dollard, Miller et al. (1939). The hypothesis suggests that the failure to obtain a desired or expected goal leads to aggressive behaviour. Frustration and aggression, Yale University Press, New Haven, ISBN 0-313-22201-0

Ajay Kumar Attri & Neelam

WORK-FAMILY CONFLICT OF MARRIED FEMALE TEACHERS IN RELATION TO FAMILY RELATED VARIABLES

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 4354/4361

In the ever changing and over evolving reality of life, the status of women all over the world and particularly in Indian continent has undergone rapid and phenomenal changes. In all the cities and villages of India, the women today are breaking the social, psychological barrier and are assuming new responsibilities.The dynamics of the work environment have exerted enormous pressure on working women. The aim of this study was to examine the work-family conflict of married female trained graduate teachers in relation to family-related variables. The study was descriptive type in nature. The Work-Family Conflict Scale (Attri & Neelam, 2016) and Family Support Scale (House& Wells, 1978) were used to collect the required data from a sample of 480 married female trained graduate teachers of himachal. Further, data were analyzed through t-test. A significant difference was found in work-family conflict of married female trained graduate teachers with respect to their family income and spouse occupational status, whereas no significant difference was found in work-family conflict of married female trained graduate teachers with respect to their family support. Married female trained graduate teachers having low family income has more work-family conflict than that of married female trained graduate teachers of low family income group. Further, it has been observed that married female trained graduate teachers whose spouse are non-government employee have high level of work-family conflict as compared to their counterpart married female trained graduate teachers whose spouse are government employee.No significant difference was found on work-family conflict of married female trained graduate teachers in relation to family support.

Keywords: work-family conflict, trained graduate teachers, family support, family income and spouse occupational status 

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Ahmad, Muhammad Shakil, Fakhr, Zainab and Ahmed, Jalil (2011). Work Family Conflict among Women University Teachers: A Case from Pakistan. Business Strategy Series, 12 (6), 289-302. Retrieved from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/266888574 on 17-05-2016 Ansari, Sadia Aziz (2011). Gender Difference: Work and Family Conflicts and Family- Work Conflicts. Pakistan Business Review, 13 (2), 315-330. Begum, Ahmadi, and Reddy, P VijayaLaxmi (2015). Correlates of Social Status with Role Conflict, Psychological Health and Work-Life Balance among Married Woman Faculty Members. International Journal of Enhanced Research in Educational Development, 3 (5), 78-86. Retrieved from: www.erpublications.com/uploaded_files/.../download_20_01_2016_17_23_37.pdf on 12-06-2016.

Harsh Gandhar

MAKE IN INDIA: POLICY INITIATIVES & CHALLENGES

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 4362/4376

 

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Chattopadhyay, A. (2015). For ‘Make in India’ to Happen, Modi Govt. must move from cheap rhetoric to difficult action. The Economic Times. Retrieved from http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2015-05-15/news/62192469_1_roadinfrastructure- modi-government-india. Deloitte. (2015). Make in India: opportunities and challenges. Retrieved from https://www.mof.go.jp/pri/international_exchange/kouryu/fy2014/ncaer201502-9.pdf Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce & Industry. (2014). Reaping India’s promised demographic dividend —industry in driving seat. New Delhi: Ernst & Young Pvt. Ltd.

Mahavir Singh Chhonkar

DEVELOPING TEACHER LEADERSHIP: ISSUES AND STRATEGIES

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 4377/4383

Encouraging teacher leadership requires cautious approach and a set of strategies are required for enhancement of effective teacher leadership. Recognize the Importance of Teacher Leaders, Identify and Create Opportunities for Leaders, Establish Professional Development Programs, Identify Barriers, Improve Development Programs, Build Professional Learning Communities, Build Professional Learning Communities, Support Teacher Leaders, Promote Principal Support, Encourage the Development of Teacher Leaders, Encourage Positive Faculty Relationships, Recognize Teacher Leaders, Utilize External Professional Teacher Networks, Recruit Qualified and Effective Teacher Leaders, Include Information About Teacher Leaders, Distribute Leadership Tasks, Enhance the Professionalism of Teaching and Teachers and, Promote Union Support of Teachers as Leaders are recommended strategies for enhancing teacher leadership. Present paper briefs the benefits of enhancing teacher leadership, examines relevant issues involved in development of leadership in higher education, 

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Anderson, M. & Coates, H. (2009). Balancing act: Challenges for educational leadership. Professional Educator, 8(1), 32-37. Atchison, T. A. (2003). Exposing the myths of employee satisfaction. Healthcare Executive, 18(3), 20-26.

Mahavir Singh Chhonkar

MAKING EDUCATION STRESS FREE: - A MOTIVATIONAL THEORY PERSPECTIVE

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 4384/4392


Present generation of students seems to be under tremendous pressure to perform. Parental expectations and unrealistically setting up of high goals by the students causes stress and because of this stress, students suffer from various psychological and physical disorders. Teachers also contributes significantly  for this stress, showing good academic achievement, high marks, earn positions in the class places students under tremendous pressure. Drastic change in our present evaluation system is the need of the hour. Application of grading system and making board examination optional are some of the steps taken by CBSE to reduce stress. The present paper is an attempt to suggest some techniques keeping in mind the various cognitive theory of motivation to make education stress free.

Key Terms:  stress, stressors, self-efficacy, learning goals, performance goals, attribution, expectancy for success.                      

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Eggen, P. & Kauchak, D. (2004). Educational psychology (6th Ed.). New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc. Baron, R. A. (2008). Psychology (5th Ed.). New Delhi: Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd. Morris, C. G. & Maisto, A.A. (2003). Understanding psychology (6th Ed.). New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc. Eccles, J., Wigfeild, A., & Schiefele, U. (1998).Motivation to succeed. In N.Eisenberg (Ed.) Handbook of child psychology: Vol.3. Social, emotional, and personality development (pp. 1017-1095), New York: Wiley

Shireesh Pal Singh

TECAHER EDUCATION IN TRACING ROOTS FOR PEACE AND HARMONY

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 4393/4402

Peace is a state of well-being that is characterized by non-violence, trust, compassion and justice. Peace encouraged us to explore as well as celebrate our diversity without fear of violence and personal pain. Commonly it can be understood as the absence of hostility and retribution, existence of healthy interpersonal or intrapersonal relationships, social or economical prosperity and establishment of equality where a working political system serves the true interests of all. In the present paper author have discussed about role of education in general and teacher education in particular for developing peace and harmony.

Keywords- Peace Education, Teacher Education, Harmony 

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Bartal, D. (2002), The elusive nature of peace education: In G. Salomon & B. Nevo (Eds.), Peace education: The concepts, principles, and practices around the world (pp. 27-36). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Balasooriya, A. S. (2001), Learning the Way of Peace: A Teachers' Guide to Peace Education. New Delhi: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Bjørgo, T. (Ed.). (2004). Root Causes of Terrorism: Myths, reality and ways forward. Routledge. Brocke-Utne, B. (1985), Educating for Peace: A Feminist Perspective New York: Pergamon Press. Carrillo, R., & Tello, J. (Eds.). (2008). Family violence and men of color: Healing the wounded male spirit. Springer Publishing Company. Danesh, H. B. (2006). Towards an integrative theory of peace education. Journal of peace education, 3(1), 55-78. Galtung, J. (1985). Twenty-five years of peace research: Ten challenges and some responses. Journal of Peace Research, 22(2), 141-158. Giroux, H. A. (1997). Pedagogy and the politics of hope theory, culture, and schooling: A critical reader. Harris, I., and M. Morrison (2003), Peace education (2nd edition). Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co. Joseph, P. B., & Duss, L. S. (2009). Teaching a pedagogy of peace: A study of peace educators in United States schools in the aftermath of September 11. Journal of peace education, 6(2), 189-207. Leonard, D. (2004). Unsettling the military entertainment complex: Video games and pedagogy of peace. Studies in Media & Information Literacy Education, 4(4), 1-8. Montessori, M. (1974), Education for a New World. (Thiruvanmiyur, India: Kalakshetra Press). Orr, D. W. (1992). Ecological literacy: Education and the transition to a postmodern world. Suny Press. Reardon, B. (1988), Comprehensive Peace Education: Educating for Global Responsibility. New York: Teachers College Press. Salomon, G. (2002), The nature of peace education: Not all programs are created equal. In G. Salomon & B. Nevo (Eds.), Peace education: The concepts, principles, and practices around the world. (Pp. 3-14) Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Schweigert, F. J. (1999). Learning the common good: Principles of community-based moral education in restorative justice. Journal of Moral Education, 28(2), 163-183. Shapiro, H. (2010). Educating youth for a world beyond violence: pedagogy for peace. Springer.

Prabhjeet Kaur

TIME MANAGEMENT - A JOURNEY TOWARDS SUCCESS

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 4403/4410

 Time management is the act of taking conscious control over the amount of time spent on specific activities. Exercise time management to increase productivity, effectiveness and efficiency. Practice skills and use tools and techniques to aid you when accomplishing tasks, projects or are working toward goals and deadlines. Time management is about effective scheduling of your time, goal setting, prioritizing and choosing what to do and what not to do, delegating tasks, analyzing and reviewing your spent time, organizing your workspace, keeping your concentration and focus at your work, motivating yourself to work towards a goal.

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How to Get Control of Your Time and Your Life. Alan Lakein. New York: Dutton, 1989. The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People. Stephen R. Covey. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1989. http://www.entrepreneur.com/article/219553#ixzz2sev2JWtW Brown, Thomas (1970). Study, where, when, why. Newfoundland: Harper-Row Publishers. Buzan, Tony (1974). Use your head.London: BBC Publications. Ellis, David (1991). Becoming a master student. Rapid City, S.D.: College Survival, Inc. Farrar, Ronald T. (1984). College 101. Princeton, New Jersey: Peterson's Guides, Inc., chapter 2. Fleet, Joan and Reaume, Denise (1994). Power over time. Canada: Harcourt and Brace and Company

Prabhjeet Kaur

PERCEPTION OF EMPLOYEES REGARDING EMPOWERMENT AT WORKPLACE AND ITS IMPACT ON JOB SATISFACTION IN SELECT ORGANIZATION OF SERVICE INDUSTRY

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 4411/4423

 The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between employee empowerment and job satisfaction in Punjab state Co-operative bank and its 17 branches in Chandigarh. This study also examines the difference between Job satisfaction level of male and female employees. The questionnaire consisting 18 statements was used for collection of data and was distributed among 75 employees of PSCB Bank in Chandigarh. The t-test, Correlation and regression analysis (using stepwise method) indicated that employee empowerment has positive and significant impact on job satisfaction. The results also confirmed that no significant difference between male and female employees exist job satisfaction level.

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Aman Khera. Impact of employee empowerment on job satisfaction: an empirical analysis of banks in chandigarh,(india). International Research Journal of Human Resources and Social Sciences Volume - 2, Issue - 7 (July 2015) pg 30-39. Amir Abou Elnaga, Amen Imran. The impact of employee empowerment on job satisfaction: theoretical study. American Journal of Research Communication, 2014, 2(1): 13-26} www.usa-journals.com, ISSN: 2325-4076. Kanwar Y. P. S., A. K. Singh, and A. D. Kodwani (2009),Work Life Balance and Burnout as Predictors of Job Satisfaction in the IT-ITES Industry, Vision, The Journal of Business Perspective, vol. 13, 2: pp. 1-12.

Mr. Veerendra Kumar Wali S. & Jagadeesh B

A STUDY ON EFFECTIVENESS OF READING HABIT AMONG B.ED STUDENT TEACHERS

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 4424/4427

 

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Aafner, L. (1977). Developmental Reading in Middle and Secondary Schools: Foundations, Strategies, and Skills for Teaching. New York: Macmillan and Publishing Co., Inc. Berg, P. (1971). Teaching Efficient Reading. Mysore: Central Institute of Indian Languages. Bernhardt, E.B. (1991). Reading Development in Second Language. New Jersey: Ablex Publishing Corporation. Best, J.W. (1964) Research in Education, Englewood chiffst prentice Hall Buch M.B. (2007) Sixth survey of research in education, NCERT, New Delhi Dan Lu,.(2010). A salutary lesson from a computer-based self-access language learning project. Computer Assisted Language Learning. Vol. 23, No. 4, October 2010, 343–359. Garrett H.E and Wood Worth RS (1973) statistics in psychology and education, Bombay, Vakils, Jeffer and simsons PVT Ltd.,

Arpit Khurana

CULTURAL DIVERSITY IN THE WORKPLACE

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 4428/4440

Cultural diversity simply means that people of many cultures (and often many countries) interact regularly. Global companies are the custodians of multiculturalism. Rarely these national companies have such diverse cultures. Domestic firms may also have employees of different nationalities. Taking example of Infosys where foreign employees constitute almost 9% of the total employed workforce. Local businesses multiculturalism can be by choice, but by design with multinational companies. A multinational company needs to maintain a unified culture that weaves all subsidiaries. Each subsidiary is becoming an independent unit if there is a unique culture.

Keywords: Cultural Diversity, Impact, Workplace, India

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Adler, Nancy J, (1997). International Dimensions of Organizational Behavior, Cincinnati, Ohio: South- Western College Publishing. Amba-Rao S.C., Joseph A. Petrick, Jatinder N.D. Gupta and Thomas J. Von der Embse, Comparative performance appraisal practices and management values among foreign and domestic firms in India., International Journal of Human Resource Management 11:1 February 2000, p60-p89

Anurag Asija

A STUDY OF LEVEL OF AGGRESSION AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN RELATION TO DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES

Nov-Dec,2016, Vol - 4/27, Page - 4441/4447

 

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