An International Peer Reviewed
Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies
MANAGEMENT STYLES AND TEACHER MOBILITY IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN KAKAMEGA CENTRAL SUB-COUNTY, KENYAHigh rates of teacher mobility in terms of transfers and job change remains a very criticaldevelopment in the education sector worldwide prompting various attempts to mitigate apossible crisis in the sector and in Kenya’s Western Province, teacher transfer requests havebeen notably high compared to the national average. The purpose of this study was toestablish the link between school leadership and management styles and teacher mobility inprimary schools in Kakamega Central sub-county and also to determine their roles ininfluencing the situation. Specifically the study aimed: to assess the school managementstyles; to examine how management styles affect teacher mobility; to determine how schoolmanagement corresponds to the modes of teacher mobility. Studies done in this area have notexpressly linked the management styles adopted in schools to the growing problem of teachermobility hence, necessitating investigation. Theories of workplace leadership andmanagement and their effect on occupational mobility of the subordinate workers guided thestudy. Descriptive survey study design was adopted for the study targeting 2149 primaryschool teachers within the study area. Systematic random sampling was used to draw 196teachers including head teachers from the study population. The respondents comprised theteaching staff and head teachers to who questionnaires and interview schedules wereadministered after pilot testing. The data was analyzed using descriptive methods and resultspresented in tables, pie charts and graphs. The findings indicated that schools still uses thetraditional authoritarian model of leadership, the school management styles in this case theauthoritarian was responsible for teacher transfer requests to other schools and also to otherjobs. The study found that the management styles adopted in the schools were indeed criticalto the retention of the teachers in the schools. The study recommends change in managementschools to be more inclusive in their leadership and managerial approach as an incentive toretain teachers.Key words: Management styles, Teacher Mobility
COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY ACCEPTANCE AMONG TEACHERS: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF STUDENT TEACHERS IN KENYAThe use of computer technology in schools has made slow progress even thoughgovernment has been generous in funding through the Kenya Education Sector SupportProgramme (KESSP). It is therefore important to understand how and when teachers usecomputer technology in order to devise implementation strategies to encourage them. Thisstudy investigated student teachers’ perceptions of computer technology in relation to theirintention to use computers. The purpose is to shed light on more effective ways to motivatethe use of computer technology in schools. Based on an expanded variation of theTechnology Acceptance Model, a survey of student teachers were collected at localuniversities in Kenya. Overall, the results indicated that (1) student teachers’ perceivedusefulness of computer technology had a direct significant effect on their intention to use it;(2) student teachers’ perceived ease of use had only an indirect significant effect on intentionto use; however, (3) student teachers’ subjective norm, that is the possible influence ofexternal expectations, did not have any direct or indirect significant effects on their intentionto use computer technology.
RELEVANCE OF CONSTRUCTIVIST APPROACH IN TEACHING & LEARNINGConstructivism is a set of assumptions governing the way people learn and make sense of theworld. It’s founded on the premise that, by reflecting on personal experiences, people createtheir own understanding of the world they live in. People need to come out of rote learning todiscovery, enquiry, and problem solving learning where they learn through themselves, withtheir peer group, family and field experiences. In this competitive world learning is morecomprehension includes both knowledge and attitude. In a constructivist classroomknowledge is constructed, pupils are active learners and collaborative work is done.Key Words: Constructivism, Language, Learning, Classroom
ICT IN EDUCATION: ENHANCING TEACHING AND LEARNINGIn the developed countries and the urban elites of advanced economies, twenty-first centuryeducation integrates technologies, engaging students in ways which were not previouslypossible, creating new learning and teaching possibilities, enhancing achievement andextending interactions with local and global communities. Students live in a world that hasseen an information explosion and significant and rapid social and economic changes.Student learning is the focus of teaching learning process. Theorists and practitioners havealways been made concerted efforts to facilitate students learning by enhancing the quality oflearning experiences. Emergence of learning theories over time reflects the concern ofeducators to explore process, factors and conditions involved in human learning. Applicationof predominant learning theories have always been changing and modifying the methods ofteaching and learning. Research conducted on young people shows a remarkable trend. Itindicates that children retain 20% of what they hear, 40% of what they see and hear and 75%of what they see and do. That’s one of the key reasons why the latest educational technologyhas become essential to impart education. They combine the use of several ICTs- internet,video, audio, graphics, text, images, etc. to offer students a near live experience of what islearning. In this paper efforts have been made to analyze the present situations in order toidentify the constraints and possibilities in the use of ICT in teaching profession.
MOBILE LEARNING ENVIRONMENT IN EDUCATION21st century is the mobile century. The revolution took place in the field ofeducational technology. Mobile technology emerged as a tool of learning. The conceptemphasized on anytime, anywhere and self-paces learning in the education though we createenvironment for m-learning. Teachers and learners both are using this technology for betterteaching and learning process. M-Learning has its own characteristics to enhance thistechnology in the field of education. Now the time has come to expand the ICT in variousways like e-learning, online-learning, self-pace learning and obviously M-Leaning. We mustuse M-Learning tool in our teaching-learning process in the field of education.Keywords: ICT, E-Learning, M-Learning Technology
SOCIAL NETWORKING AND ADOLESCENTS: ISSUES AND CONCERNSParticipation with technology for social purposes has become the mainstreamcommunication method for many people in the past several years. In particular adolescentsin schools have adopted these forms of communication as the paramount way to keep intouch with family and friends. Social networking is a current phenomenon that consists ofboth web-based communication with Internet users through websites (Face book, MySpace,YouTube) and interaction with others via cellular phones. Social Networking websites, suchas Facebook, Twitter and MySpace are the most popular places for these students to spendtheir time. These young people are the most prolific users of social network sites (SNS).Emerging studies find that youth spend a considerable portion of their daily life interactingthrough social networking. The rise of the internet age has enabled us to live a life at a fasterpace. Because of the freedom the web provides, millions of people can communicate at thesame time. Never before in human history, has there been a time like this. What’s mostintriguing about this revolution is that children and teens are leading the way. And becauseof their limited capacity for self-regulation and susceptibility to peer pressure, children andadolescents are at some risk as they navigate and experiment with social networking. Presentpaper conceptualizes that there are frequent online expressions of offline behaviors, such asbullying, clique-forming, and sexual experimentation, that have introduced problems such ascyber bullying, privacy issues, and “sexting.” Other problems that merit awareness includeInternet addiction and concurrent sleep deprivation.
A STUDY OF LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOUR OF PRINCIPAL OF SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL IN ROHTAK DISTRICTThe aim of the present study is to investigate the Leadership behaviour of principal ofsenior secondary schools. Normative survey method was used. The sample was comprised of10 principal and 10 Teachers of senior secondary schools from District Rohtak of Haryana.The investigator used the Leadership Behaviour Description Questionnaire popularly knownas IBDQ developed by Stogdill and Hemphill (1963) for data collection. Findings of the studyindicated that the leadership behavior of principal as perceived by them does notsignificantly differ to that of as perceived by their teachers.
SERVICE QUALITY AND CUSTOMER SATISFACTION AT INDIAN BANKSThis article examines whether service quality of Indian commercial banks is correlatedwith customer satisfaction that fosters customer loyalty. Further an analysis is done to studythe perceptual difference of public and private sector bank customers with respect to servicequality rendered to them. The Service quality is assessed through well-establishedSERVQUAL dimension. Data were collected from 100 valued customers of public and privatescheduled commercial bank branches in BilaspurChhattisgarh. A questionnaireelicitinginformation on SERVQUAL dimensions to measure service quality was served torespondents. The data collected is analyzed through Correlation analysis and ANOVAanalysis. A significant correlation between quality of service and customer satisfaction isfound. Further public sector and private sector banks differ in service quality offered by themas per perception of their customers.Keywords: Service Quality, Indian Banks, SERVQUAL, Customer satisfaction
CONGRESS MINISTRY AND LABOUR UNREST IN BIHAR, 1937-39This paper seeks to analyse the condition of labour in colonial Bihar during the tenure of thefirst congress ministry, 1937-39. Also, it tries to contextualise the work of the congressministry, established under the Provincial Autonomy under the Government of India Act,1935, with respect to the labour demands. The analysis finds that the congress ministry could not go too far in fulfilling the just labourdemands because of (i) the limitation of the Act of 1935 and (ii) congress party’sunwillingness to compromise on the strategy of class –collaboration instead of classstruggle.Key Words: Labour, Provincial Autonomy, Act of 1935, Congress Ministry, Indian NationalCongress.
PERCEPTION OF TEACHER’S TOWARDS NO-DETENTION POLICYhow successful it became and what and how it effect and fulfill its objective is actually meana lot. While amending right to education act, 2009- government introduces no detentionpolicy and also enforced it. This project tries to show the coin Sides of the no detention policyi.e. we know for what objectives the government amend this policy but in this projectresearcher tried to know how successful the policy is and how it effects the education system.
TEA IN DIFFERENT CONTEXT………..Tea is a very important beverage of today used by 80% population all over the world. Next to water, it is the cheapest beverage. Tea plays an important part in our social cultural life. Economic condition are also influenced by tea in those countries where tea is produced. Role of tea is not limited to this only , it influence our environment too. This paper tries to analyse the key part Tea is playing in our life as a specific product. This paper will describe the impact of tea on social and cultural life of people of different countries, economic effect of tea , and environmental effect of tea. While analyzing this mainly secondary data has been used through various sources like journals magazines, tea board website etc. Keywords: beverage, social-cultural, impact, environmental, economic.
A STUDY ON ADHD PROBLEMS OF PRIMARY GRADE CHILDRENThe conceptual paper aims to give a broad view of the ADHD problems prevailingamong the primary grade students. ADHD is considered to be a major threat to the learners.The primary goal of the research paper is to portray the signs and symptoms of ADHD andits impact on the psychological well being. The study also depicts the intervention proceduresto be adopted in order to overcome the ADHD disorder. The diagnostic and prognosticmeasures to be formulated with the children affected with ADHD have also been enumerated
ROLE OF FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS IN ENTREPRENEURIAL DEVELOPMENT WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO WOMEN ENTREPRENEURSThe word ‘entrepreneur’ has been taken from the French language where it cradled and originally meant to designate an organiser of musical or other entertainments. Entrepreneurship among women in India is a recently fast growing concept that is applauded in several quarters of our National life. The Central and State Governments have initiated a number of steps taken in recent years for giving a great fillip to the cause of Women Entrepreneurship Development by way of granting a variety of special concessions, incentives, subsidies, rebates and assistance of varied nature, financial, technical, organizational and managerial etc. The Financial Institutions also has been contributing its share to this cause. They have launched a number of schemes of assistance to the favor of women entrepreneurs. Several women\\\'s Organisations at national and regional levels have also taken up this cause and sponsored a number of conferences and workshops in recent times, which gave a great moral support and inspiration for the women entrepreneurs to take up viable schemes of business and industry. The present paper in this regard is an attempt to examine the role of financial institutions in promoting small scale and tiny industries in terms of growth of entrepreneurs.
Key words:Women entrepreneur, Financial Institutions, EDP, Women Empowerment
EFFECT OF NSS ON PERSONALITY TRAITS OF STUDENTSNational Service Scheme is a student welfare service which runs in variouseducational institutions. NSS is a sort of training for all the youth in education to provideselfless service on voluntary basis. For the growth and development of a powerful nation. Itis not only the material and equipment which matters but it is the human factor which is themost vital and decisive one. NSS helps in channelizing youth energy into constructivechannels and to mold their character at the most impressionable age.
EFFECTIVENESS OF COOPERATIVE LEARNING AND LANGUAGE GAMES IN ENHANCING THE WRITING COMPETENCE OF SEVEN STANDARD STUDENTS OF AURANGABAD CITYIn this study the investigator campares the Effectiveness of cooperative learning andlanguage games in enhancing the writing competence in English language amonge the sevenstandard students of Aurangabad city.the experimental method was used for thisstudy.Investigator makes the programme & takes exericise for experimental group. Theachivment level of the students is increased effectively by using cooperative learning &language game method. the students responded favourably towards learning throughcooperative &language learning game.they like to learn other subjects by thismethod.according to them this mehods was easy to understand,easy to remember,moreinteresting and stress less.Key words- cooperative learning,language game ,writing competence
MENTAL HEALTH OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN RELATION TO THEIR SELF-ESTEEM AND FAMILY ENVIRONMENTThe word mental health is comprised of two words ‘mental’ and ‘health’. Mental refers toproper functioning of brain because brain is center of all powers. Health generally meanssound condition of body or freedom from mental diseases. This study aims to examine themental health of the students in relation to their self-esteem and family environment usingdescriptive research method. Data collected by the three different tools mental healthinventory, self-esteem scale and family environment scale. Data collected in May 2013 from200 students of Ludhiana city (Punjab). The purpose of the present study is to assess themental health of the secondary school students in relation to their self-esteem and familyenvironment. And draw the interpretation on the basis of gender difference, also to comparethe mental health, self-esteem and family environment of boys and girls of secondary schools.Keywords: Mental Health, Self-Esteem and Family Environment.
A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE OPINION OF GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE SCHOOL TEACHERS OF CHITTOOR DISTRICT TOWARDS CONTINUOUS COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATIONEvaluation is widely acknowledged as a powerful means of improving the quality ofeducation. The introduction of Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) isconsidered as one of the major steps taken in this regard to improve and strengthen thequality of learner evaluation. The state of Andhra Pradesh has been going through a series ofeducational reforms over the last decade or so and the introduction of CCE in the state is oneamong them. Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) is the buzz word being in the airsince the talks of the examination reforms being given utmost importance as far as the Indianeducation system is concerned.The main objective of the study is to find out the opinion of teachers towards continuous andcomprehensive evaluation. Accordingly the hypotheses were formulated. For this purpose thesample of 100 teachers were purposively selected. After establishing proper rapport thequestionnaire was administered to the subjects. The data was scored according to the scoringprocedure given in the manual. To study the significance of difference between the variousgroups t test was applied. The overall results indicated that the there is significant differencebetween the opinion of school teachers towards continuous comprehensive evaluation inrelation to Gender and type of management of school.Keywords: Comparative study, Opinion, private school teachers , Continuous,comprehensive evaluation
ACADEMIC PROCRASTINATION IN RELATION TO SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLESProcrastination is a common behavior in contemporary societies (Ferrari, Johnson, &McCown, 1995; Ferrari,Oâ€™Callaghan, & Newbegin, 2005). There is also a great mysteryin procrastination research. That is, although many students indicate needing help forovercoming procrastination (Gallagher et al., 1992), and there are case descriptions ofstudents whose performance has been hurt by procrastination (Burka & Yuen, 1983). Thusthe problem is significant enough to require utmost attention. Academic Procrastination inrelation to Socio-demographic variables. objectives of the present study were To study andcompare the academic procrastination of male and female adolescents and to study andcompare the academic procrastination of urban and rural adolescents and hypotheses werethere is no significant difference between academic procrastination of male and femaleadolescents.Urban and rural adolescents are similar on academic procrastination. A sample of 400adolescents equally divided on the basis of gender and residence was randomly selected from+1 stage studying in senior secondary schools of Haryana. For the purpose of sampling thewhole of the Haryana state was divided into five zones, i.e. North, East, South, West andCentral. One district from each zone was selected by Random Lottery Method i.e. Rewari,Punchkula, Faridabad, Hisar and Rohtak. A list of senior secondary schools from eachdistrict was procured from the concerned D.E.O. Four schools from each district (2 urban +2 rural) were selected randomly from the list supplied by D.E.O.. From the selected schools20 students (10 male + 10 female) of +1stage were selected using lottery method making atotal sample to 400. Academic Procrastination Scale: Academic Procrastination Scale wasdeveloped and standardized by the Kalia and Yadav(2013) on the lines of Lay(1991). Thescale comprised of 25 items having 16 positive items and 9 negative items. Each item has fivealternate answers ranging from most appropriate to least appropriate. Academicprocrastination does not differ with respect to male and female adolescents.Locality does not affect academic procrastination among adolescents. Hence the teacher,parents and students have to change their traditional behavior and treat both male andfemale; urban and rural adolescents equallyKey Words: Academic Procrastination Socio-demographic variables
AN ARTIST DRAGGED DOWN BY CASTE AND PATRIARCHY: A READING OF AARPAR LAYIT PRANANTIKAn Artist Dragged Down by Caste and Patriarchy: A Reading of Aarpar Layit PranantikReconstruction of an egalitarian society can be had only on the basis of the ideology of thedeconstructed. The Indian caste -system and patriarchy, the two sides of the same coin havenot only degraded human beings but also the energy within them to create and construct.These forces made huge India dalit. Patriarchy, the natural offspring of the caste system,with the inherited terror, made the female gender of the degraded section pitiably miserable.The distorted dalit woman under such hostile social milieu had to sacrifice all her humanityand creativity only for a stigmatized life. Aarpar Layit Pranantik (Through Rhythmic Intense)is a long bio-poem by Pradnya Pawar on a tempestuous personality named Withaa BhauMaang Narayangaonkar. The poem exposes the obstructed life of a dalit versatile womanartistin the field of Tamashaa, a popular folk-form of public education and entertainment inMaharashtra. The paper attempts to show how the untoucable artis under the caste andpatriarchy ridden hostile milieu sustained her will and ultimately surfaced victorious.Keywords: caste, patriarchy, gender, tamashaa, dalit, untouchable, maang, mahaar, brahminand hindu.
A STUDY OF COMPETENCIES FOR INDIAN MANAGERSThis study is an attempt to identify the most required competencies for a manager’s successin Indian context. This study revealed 34 competencies, most needed for the success of amanager. Defining the success has always remained a controversial task. To lighten thecontroversy, success has been equated with achievement of goals and classified into threecategories- long term success, short term success and both long term and short termsuccesses. But this paper will highlight only for long term success. An model will bedeveloped in this context.Key Words: Competencies, Competency Model, Success, AHP
A STUDY OF CAUSES OF DROPOUT AND FAILURE AT ELEMENTARY STAGE IN RURAL AREAS OF TEHSIL HIRANAGAR OF DISTRICT KATHUA IN J&K STATEEducation works as a lever in raising financial and social status of the individuals.Education is that which makes human being a social one. So, it must be given from the firstday of life informally. Formal education begins at elementary stage, so elementary educationis called fundamental educationElementary education means the first few years of education of an individual when he/shegoes to school. Primary is usually used for first five years of schooling. It is called primaryeducation because it is of primary of first importance to a person and secondly, it is a firststep towards his total education in life. Thus, in simple words, the elementary educationmeans eight years of schooling dividing the stages into two sub-stages, five years of primaryschool stage and three years of middle school stage.The Indian constitution under article 45 also provides for eight years of elementaryeducation in the age-group of 6-14. Elementary education is the level of education, whichneeds to be provided to all individuals. It lays down the foundation stone for furtherattainment like social, moral, physical, intellectual etc. That is why in all the democraticcountries of the world, elementary education has been compulsory, universal and free. Themain aim of elementary education is to give children education of citizenship to fulfill theirbasic needs, start socialization process train children for reading and playing in group, todevelop social attitude, to develop in them healthy attitudes or habits. Other aims areliteracy, attainment of numeracy, technocracy and to develop a respect for national symbolslike the flag and the anthem and for the democratic processes and institutions of the country.It develops in the child healthy attitudes towards human labour and its dignity, to develophabits of cleanliness and healthful living. It enables the child to express himself freely anddevelop the habit of self-learning. In the present study researcher focuses on these objectives;i.e. to find out the extent of failure and dropout in rural areas ,the difference in the rate offailure and dropout between boys and girls, the difference in the rate of wastage andstagnation between the upper castes and the lower castes, the problem of dropout of thechildren, the extent of failure and dropout among different religious groups and to list someof the important causes of failure and dropout at the elementary school stage in the ruralvillages of HiranagarTehsil of District Kathua J&K. Author selected the sample thatconsists of 100 parents of dropout and failure children.For the present study ‘A causes of dropout and failure at elementary stage’. The investigatorused an interview self prepared schedule.
ACHIEVEMENT OF THE OBJECTIVES OF PRIMARY EDUCATION AS VIEWED BY PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERThe present study was carried out to find the achievement of the objectives of PrimaryEducation as viewed by primary school teachers. A sample of 77 primary school teacherswas selected from 23 primary schools situated in Jammu District of J&K.The results of thepresent study indicate that in primary school teacher’s opinion - the objectives of primaryeducation have not been satisfactorily achieved in either of the two domain i.e. cognitive andnon- cognitive. One of the objectives in the cognitive domains could be achieved to asatisfactorily level as viewed by primary school teachers.Key Words : Education , Primary Education and Universalization of primary education
A STEP AHEAD FROM THIRD GENERATION MOBILE WIRELESS TECHNOLOGYAccording to the present study market is captured by 3G mobile technology but accordingto the study 4G and 5G technology is emerging in the market, presently 4G mobiletechnology is at determining and standardization stage and 5G technology may emerge innear future. 4G mobile technology has high data rates since mobile network has ability toroam across multiple wireless networks therefore it has become more popular in the market.3GPP LTE is an UMTS standard and WiMax is and IEEE standard. These technology hascharacteristics which meets 4G characteristics. Present study discusses the comparativestudy of different generation of mobile networks and the advancement in 3G technologieswhich leads to fourth generation mobile technology and can be followed by fifth generationmobile technology.
CONTINUOUS COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION: EMERGING CONCERNS IN ASSESSMENTIt is utmost important to make continuous and comprehensive evaluation as an integral part of teaching and learning process to promote standard of Education. CCE refers Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation, a system of school based assessment that covers all the aspects of a student’s development. It was designed to reduce the student stress related to board exams, and to introduce a uniform and comprehensive pattern for student evaluation across the country. It emphasizes on two broad objectives: (a) Continuity in Evaluation and (b) Assessment of broad based learning. Clearly, it attempts to shift emphasis from ‘testing’ to ‘holistic learning’ with an aim of creating young adults, possessing appropriate skills and desirable qualities in addition to academic excellence. Therefore, the CCE scheme brings about a paradigm shift from examination to effective pedagogy. Conventionally the teacher is seen as the information giver; knowledge flows only one way, from teacher to student. In a collaborative classroom (or the CCE method), emphasis is on shared knowledge and decision making. For some teachers finding time for planning collaborative instruction is a most difficult challenge. Practicing modes and modalities of CCE is a challenge before traditional teachers. Therefore it is absolutely essential that teachers need to be provided with orientation about the CCE scheme incorporating both the scholastic and co-scholastic areas of learners’ growth. In order to make CCE effective there has to be collective understanding among all concern i.e. child, teacher, parent and institutions of higher education about what is being evaluated.
A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ADJUSTMENT OF ADOLESCENTS OF GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE SCHOOLSOne of the most subtle issues that have provoked heated worldwide debates in the educational and instruction arena today in the way to enhance achievement outcomes of school students. Researchers , scholars, and stakeholders in the education industry seem to be resolute in their efforts at determining the best approach that can enhance student achievement outcomes. Jimoh (2000) describe education as the totality of the experiences made available to individuals, in formal or informal situations to make them develop a rounded personality and to be useful to themselves and the society at large. And development of personality of the child’s depends on the adjustment with the environment. To help the pupil in making the changing environment is one of the important aims of education. Adjustment helps in having integrated and balanced personality. Keywords: adjustment , adolescents , personality , achievement , development
RELATIONSHIP OF B.ED. ENTRANCE TEST WITH SCHOLASTIC AND ATTITUDINAL VARIABLESThe main objective of the study was to study the relationships and interrelationships among entrance test scores, graduation marks, intelligence, teaching attitude and B.Ed. marks of the student-teachers. The sample of the study consisted of 525 B.Ed. students of 9 education colleges of Panjab and U.T. Chandigarh affiliated to Panjab, Punjabi and Guru Nanak Dev universities. Test of General Intelligence by Pal and Misra, Teaching Attitude Inventory by Ahluwalia and official records of the colleges were used to collect the data. Major findings of the study were : Entrance test scores and graduation marks were significantly related to all the variables of the study. Teaching attitude, intelligence and B.Ed. marks were not significantly related to all other variables.Key words: Entrance test, Intelligence, Teaching attitude, Academic achievement, Student-teacher
A RESEARCH PAPER ON “MARKET SURVEY OF AURANGABAD FOR PROMOTION OF MIDC INDUSTRIAL DIRECTORY” ASSENT REFERENCE & DIRECTORY PVT. LTD.The research consist study of Market Survey of Aurangabad for Promotion of MIDC Industrial Directory for Assent Reference & Directory in Aurangabad region for MIDC & Non MIDC. In today\\\'s competitive world while entering in the market it is very necessary to have good knowledge of the potential of a particular market. Keywords: Advertisement‚ alphabetic section‚ B2B‚ B2C‚ Corporate Presence‚ Export‚ Import‚ ISO‚ Joint Venture‚ MIDC‚ Organizational Scale‚ Product Number‚ Promotional Mix‚ R& D helpline‚ Tax Information
SYNCHRONOUS BLENDED LEARNING: AN INNOVATION IN EDUCATION
PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT: THE INDUSTRIAL PERSPECTIVE
DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS OF PERFORMANCE FEEDBACK AND SIGNIFICANCE
TEACHER PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENTComputer technology plays an integral role in personal and professional lives. The ability LOPMNT to utilize this technology has become the new literary for 21st century and is of critical importance in enabling India to compete successfully in the global community. For future generations to maximize their capability to operate within competitive and technologically driven economics, it is critical to foster computer abilities at every level of schooling process and teachers are central to this endeavour. Seemann (2000) found that just as literary and numerary have become imperative in school education, so too has technology. The recent inquiry into the provision of public education Esseon, Johnson and Winson (2002) has highlighted significant concerns relating to teacher professionalism including a critical need to redress the lack of fiscal support for teacher Professional development. In particular teacher professional development in computer technology has become a major priority at state and national level, need to skilled in the use and choice of variety of teaching methods, be skilled in variety of appropriate research methodologies and ensure their continunity professional development by upgrading knowledge and teaching skills. Across Indian researches reports that there are deluge of challenges cofronting the educative process in general and application of ICT’s in teacher performance development in particular. As information and communication technologies are widely believed to be important potential levels to introduce and sustain education reforms efforts. Despite evidence of increasingly widespread use of ICTs in education institution around the world, however there is little guidance available for policy makers and donor staff specifically targeted at countries contemplating the use of ICT’s to help countries meet education related millennium development goals. Despite over ten years of investment in ICT’s to benefit teaching and learning in every developing countries, little is known about their substantive impact on teaching and learning processes and outcomes indeed. The release of the review of teacher education in NSW Rangey (2000) highlighted the critical importance of computer education for all pre service and practicing teachers. In this report ICT was seen as one of the most significant challenge how comfronting teacher education, teacher and schools. Numerous studies point to limitations of professional development progress offered to practicing teachers Hiederhavser (2001), Rwsel and Bradley (1997), William( 1998). Various alternative modes are beginning to be proposed and tried but Lurdin (2002) point out, despite years of concerted effort, it is unlikely that more than 50% of teacher have a basic standard of computer skills. # The impact of ICT use of learning outcome is unclear and open to much debate. # There is disconnect between rationales most often put forward to advance the use of ICTs in education and their actual implementation.
BHARTIY SANGIT KE PRAMUKH TANTRI VADYO KA BHED EANV VAGRIKARAN
TRAJECTORY OF HIGHER EDUCATION: ANCIENT TIMES TO POST-REFORMS ERA
ETHNIC FAULT LINES IN PAKISTAN
Pakistan is one of the world’s most ethnically and linguistically complex State. Each of its provinces associated with single ethno-linguistic group: Punjab with Punjabis, Sindh with Sindhis, Baluchistan with Baluchs, and the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (formerly known as North West Frontier Province (NWFP) with Pashtuns. The tribal population of Pakistan concentrated in the federally administered tribal area (FATA).Whereas some also have significant minority representation in the country. Each province has its own culture, language, and history and it drives ethnocentric supremacy in it. In This Paper highlighted the ethnic fault lines in Pakistan.Keywords: Ethnic, Nationalism, Conflict, Baloch, Sindhi, Mohajir, Pashtun, FATA, Khyber