JAN-FEB 2017, SRJIS

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29
Imapct Factor: 5.403
ISSN: 2278-8808
Date: 04-Mar-2017

An International Peer Reviewed

Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies


Prabhjyot Kaur

(UN)TREATMENT OF GENDER INEQUALITY IN ROUSSEAU’S DISCOURSE ON INEQUALITY

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4345/4349

 This paper makes an attempt to look into the aspect of gender inequality—unequal status of men and women in a society or a group—in Rousseau’s discourse on inequality. It discusses Rousseau’s framework of inequality among men and then analyses this framework to check if it holds true for women. In this process, the paper discusses difference between gender and sex and how conflating the two leads to naturalization of inequality between men and women. The paper concludes by discussing whether Rousseau’s treatment of inequality between men and women is an act of mere silence or an approval regarding gender inequality.
Keywords: Inequality, gender inequality, sex and gender differentiation, gender roles, subordination of women

 

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Mead, M.(1935).Sex and Temperament in Three Primitive Societies.New York: William Morrow & Co. Stoller, R. (1968).Sex and Gender.London: Hogarth Press Rousseau, J.J. (1984).A Discourse on Inequality.London:Penguin Books Rousseau, J.J. (1950).Emile.London: J.M. Dent and sons Mill, J. S. (1869).The Subjection of Women. Available from http://www.constitution.org/jsm/women.html

Nidhi Vyas & Kiran Soni

AUDIT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY IN MINING

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4350/4360

OHSMS is in place it is important to regularly audit the system to determine whether it is operating as expected, compliances are being complied with. Auditing is the process of assurance that all the provisions of laws, rules, regulations and policies are being followed effectively. OHS Audits are risk-based, designed to manage high risk areas/processes. Higher risk areas/processes are audited more frequently than lower risk areas/processes. OHS management audits identify strengths and weaknesses within a workplace’s OHS program in areas such as accountability, policy, hazard identification and control, training, communication and more. The process is done by assessing how well the OHS program meets legislation, regulations, guidelines and established best practices. 





 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Keywords:- Audit of Occupational Health and Safety Management System, Types of Audit, Risk Classification and Frequency, Audit Scope, Process and Reporting, Audit Programme AS PER (Final Draft International Standard) FDIS ISO 45001. 

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Government of Alberta (2011) “Overview of Best Practices in Occupational Health and Safety in the Healthcare Industry”, Volume 1, Section 1. May 2011. Copyright© 2009–2011 Government of Alberta. www.employment.alberta.ca/ohs-healthcare Institute for Work & Health (2009) “OHS management audits differ in what they assess and how”, Research Excellence Advancing Employee Health. At Work, Issue 56, Spring 2009: Institute for Work & Health, Toronto. ISO (2015) “Occupational health and safety management systems — Requirements with guidance for use”, ISO/PC 283. Date: 2015-12-01. ISO/DIS 45001. ISO/PC 283/WG 1. Secretariat: SIS. © ISO 2014- All Rights Reserved.

Shankar Chaudhary

WOM AND FOOD TOURISM: THE DISCRETE PRACTICE

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4361/4368

 There key parts of food tourism: farmers, supplier, and tourists. word of mouth is central to forming and maintaining a native marketplace for food tourism networks as a result of its links not solely farmers however restaurateurs additionally. At the same time, tourists become alerted to obtainable tourism opportunities primarily through WOM. So Extension educators should contemplate word of mouth whereas promoting food tourism business. Word of mouth needs time to create "naturally." so, users should produce opportunities to link the various hubs in native food tourism networks.
Keywords:  food, WOM, culinary tourism, tourism, communication, Farmers, Restaurant 

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"A new way to measure word-of-mouth marketing: Assessing its impact, as well as its volume, will help companies take better advantage of buzz" by Jacques Bughin, Jonathan Doogan, and Ole Jørgen Vetvik. McKinsey Quarterly, April 2010. “Executive Summary: Quantifying the Role of Social Voice in Marketing Effectiveness,” prepared by MarketShare & KellerFay Group, October 25, 2012. “Measuring Offline Vs. Online Word-of-Mouth Marketing” by Mikal E. Belicove, Entrepreneur.com, November 23, 2011. Brehm, J. M. & Eisenhauer, B. W. (2008). Motivations for participating in community supported agriculture and their relationship with community attachment and social Capital. Southern Rural Sociology, 23, 94-115. Che, D., Veeck, A., & Veeck, G. (2005). Sustaining production and strengthening the agritourism product: Linkages among Michigan agritourism destinations. Agriculture and Human Values 22, 225-234.

Mrs. Kavita R. Yadav

COPYRIGHT IN CYBERSPACE

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4369/4376

  Intellectual property rights plays very important role in the socio-economic,cultrual development of the country. The evolution of internet is greatest technological achievement of human being. The unique capabilities of internet to exchange knowledge, ideas, information in the form of pictures graphs, videos within a second to every corner of the world in same quality. With increasing use of internet IPR infringement is increased. Copyright issues involved in the practices of linking, deep linking, uploading-downloading, copy-paste, P2P file sharing technologies which are normally used on the internet. To protect copyright in cyberspace is great challenge before us because our copyright law, Information Technology Act does not adapt itself in changing digital environment and in cyberspace it is difficult to trace out offender due to extra territorial jurisdiction of internet. India is signatory member of the WIPO Internet Treaty & to meet international requirement Copyright Act was amended in 2002,2012 which cover internet issues. But this amendment was not adequate to deals with issue of copyright protection in cyberspace. Copyright infringement causes a great risk to all industrial sector like copyright,software,music,film industry etc.& this is not only effect on owners right but also on economy of nation. So it is highly important to check online piracy by providing strong copyright protection in cyberspace, which wills automatically encouraging creativity of mankind. At the same time public education & awareness about copyright is also important. This paper discusses meaning, ways to infringe copyright in cyberspace & challenges before protecting copyright in digital environment, copyright law in India.


Keywords: IPR, Copyright, WIPO, Information Technology Act, internet

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Sandip Mulay & Megha Uplane

USE OF ICT FOR INCLUSION

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4377/4381

 Education in India is almost 5000 years old revolved around the system of Gurukuls. In this ancient system all children were taught together whether normal, gifted or physically or intellectually disabled and were seen as worthy of the benefits of education, each according to her or his abilities. It is gentle example of existence of Inclusive Education in the same period. Now a days Inclusive Education is in his great form. Inclusive Education has been promoted by Government, schools as well as Teachers at various local, state, national and International level. Several policies have been developed for the same and efforts has been taken to implement to them. In the view of implementation, Teacher is the main part of Inclusion. The success of Inclusive Education is depend on performance of school for the students with disability. ICT is playing and can play leading roal in Inclusive Education. Good Use of ICT for Inclusion is mostly depends on Teachers performing in schools. This research is focusing on the facts of teachers and schools regarding the use of ICT for inclusion.

 

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Balasundaram, Pramila.(9thJuly 2005). Education in ancient India, the journey towards inclusive education in India. Presented at SEISA UNIVERSITY. Jonathan, Allen and others.(2012).Primary ICT Knowledge, understanding and practice(5th Ed.). New Delhi: Sage. Khirwadkar, Anjali and Pushpanadham, K.(2005). Information and Communication Technology in Education. New Delhi: Sarup and sons.

D. Hassan

PERSONALITY TRAITS AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AMONG COLLEGE STUDENTS

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4382/4388

This study aims to determine the significant difference between high and low achievers on 16 personality traits factors. Among a sample of 200 adolescents (100 high achiever and 100 low achiever) studying in B.A part-I were selected by stratified random technique from different colleges located in Ongole. 16 personality factor questionnaires were administered to measure the dimensions of personality traits of both the groups. Data was analyzed by using means, standard deviations and t test. Result revealed that high achievers had unique personality profile than low achievers. 

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Anzi, F.O. (2005). Academic achievement and its relationship with anxiety, self-esteem, optimism, and pessimism in Kuwaiti students. School Behavior and Personality, 33, 95-104. Barbaranelli, C., Caprara, G. V., Rabasca, A., &Pastorelli, C. (2003).A questionnaire for measuring the Big Five in late childhood.Personality and Individual Differences, 34, 645–664. Blechner, Janet E. & Carter, Horold D. (1956) Rorschach personality factor and college achievement, Calif. J. Educ. Res., 7, 72-75. Cattell, R.B. (1978). Matched determiners vs. factor invariance: A reply to Korth.Multivariate Behavioral Research. 13(4): 431-448. Crow, L, D. & Crow (1969).Adolescent development and adjustment, McGraw-Hill Book Company, United States.45-49.

Ms. Rashmi Parihar

AN EMPIRICAL RESEARCH ON PRODUCT SERVICE SYSTEM (PSS) FOR BUSINESS MODEL INNOVATIONS WITH TECHNOLOGY

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4389/4401

‘Sustainability’ is a significant and improving driver of business change. Its results for innovation are clear – living and working in a world of up to 9 billion people with rising expectations, providing energy, food and resource security, operating with climatic change, atmosphere destruction, improving financial dividend and a number of other interdependent problems which require large change in products, service, techniques, enhance marketing and the particular business models for framework. The main focus of this paper is to develop an understanding of emerging patterns and innovation of management which required to taking an account for emerging opportunities in the business ‘sustainability’. In particular it draws on case research of a number of business owner/companies to help response the query of what genuine actions might be taken beyond the over mentioned statements of moving towards greater sustainability of business. This paper has identified six emerging approaches (Product service systems (PSS), Open innovation, Peer-to-peer innovation, Closed–loop production, Crowd-funding, and Sharing economy) an empirically tested Product service systems (PSS) with various age groups of respondents, with the objective to understand the developing business models for sustainability of business. For the purpose of analysis chi square test has been used.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keywords: - Product service systems, PSS, Open innovation, Peer-to-peer innovation, Closed–loop production, Crowd-funding, and Sharing economy. 

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Anton, WRQ., Deltas. G, & Khanna, M. 2004. ‘Incentives for environmental self-regulation and implications for environmental performance.’ Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 48(1), 632–54. approach of strategic niche management. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management 10, no. 2: 175–96. Ayres, R. & Ayres, L. (eds). 2002. Handbook of Industrial Ecology, Edward Elgar, USA. Benkler, Y. 2006. The Wealth of Networks: How Social Networks Transform Markets and Freedom. Yale University Press, New Haven. Brown, J.D., & Wahlers, R.G. 1998. ‘The environmentally concerned consumer: An exploratory study’. Journal of Marketing Theory & Practice, 9(2), 39–48.

Ms. Pragati Bhati

A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION AMONG SHG WOMENS OF SELECTED VILLAGES OF JODHPUR

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4402/4410

The objective is to organize the rural poor into self-help groups through the procedure for social mobilization, training, and capacity-building and supply of successful resources. The SHG approach helps inadequate people to build their self-confidence through community action. This technique would ultimately lead to the building up and social-economic power of the rural inadequate as well as enhancing their combined negotiating power. This research paper is based on SHG beneficiary and their life style, the socioeconomic aspects which impacting them and their adoption about the new technological innovation with Science and Technological innovation would help to collect basic details about the use of modern types and information. Research of this type also helps to recognize preventing aspects and restrictions to technology adopting and feedback use. Local government authorities need these details for policy making. Micro surveys can provide such details at a lower expense. In this background, the present study concentrating on the adopting of technology select to analyze the SHG Women beneficiaries and adopting of new technological innovation in their lifestyles. 

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Devi Jyotsna and Rani Usha (2014). Gender and Technology adoption - A Study of Self - Help Group Beneficiaries. International Journal of Advanced Information Science and Technology (IJAIST). Vol.26, No26, ISSN: 2319:2682 Onyewaku, C.E., 1988: Rural development through stimulating the adoption of improved farm practices among farmers, In: Igbozurike, U.M. (ed). Critical issues in rural development. Pp: 206-18. Harto press,Owerri. Bala Brij, Sharma S.D. and Sharma R.K. (2006). Knowledge and Adoption Level of Improved Technology among Rural Women owing to Extension Programmes. Agricultural Economics Research Review. Vol. 19 July-December 2006 pp 301-310 Suresh Lal B (2011). Impact of Information and Communication Technologies on Women Empowerment in India. Systemic, Cybernetics And Informatics. Volume 9 - Number 4 - Year 2011. ISSN: 1690-4524

Bharat V. Patil

A CRITICAL STUDY OF IRRIGATION PRACTICES FOR BETELVINE IN THE SELECTED AREA

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4419/4425

\"\\"\\\\"\\\\\\\\"\\\\\\\\"\\\\"\\"\"The present study was conducted to focus irrigation practices applied for betelvine cultivation in the selected area. Betelvine required frequent but light supply of irrigation kept the land at moist constantly. Farmers who had sufficient water supply all around the year, preferred to grow betelvine crop. Surface irrigation was followed in most of the betelvine gardens. Some gardens were on drip system of irrigation. Betelvine in summer season required more water whereas in rainy season, it required less. In rainy season, proper surface drainage system was required. Now a day’s some farmers face scarcity of water. To overcome this problem, some farmers constructed ponds in their farms. High quality poly thin papers were spread in the ponds to preserve water. In rainy season, there was excessive water which was stored in farm pond and it was used in summer season due to the scarcity of water. Excess irrigation and stagnation of water must be avoided. Betelvine grew under good supply of soil moisture humidity. It grew vigorously in areas where a required rainfall was assured. Betelvine was grown in open but conservative wind supply. The betelvine was grown strongly and healthy in the natural environment. If favorable conditions were not available, betelvine could not grow with appreciations. As was the case with other crops, climate and other environmental conditions considerably influenced the growth of betelvine. But, it was difficult to specify an ideal of the average climate for this plant. Sangli district held the best environments for commercial betelvine culture. The tropical rain forest provided cool shade, considerable humidity and adequate supply of moisture in the soil. Moderate and even temperature through the year was most favorable. Such conditions were favorably available in areas of Miraj and Walva tahsil of Sangli district. Cultivators of Sangli district acquainted with the required factors for the smooth growth of betelvine leaves. Although, betelvines favored tropical humidity, Sangli district cultivators grew in several places where irrigation facilities were made available. They provided cool shade; humidity and other feasible atmosphere were created for betel leaves cultivation.

Key Words: Irrigation practices, surface irrigation, drip irrigation, cool shade and humidity 

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Madane N. P. – Nakat R. V., Research Papers “Betelvine Cultivation in Maharashtra”, National Symposium on Betelvine Production Technology, 1993: 3-6. Natrajan S. V. and Nagalakshmi S. “Betelvine cultivation in Tamil Nadu”, National Symposium on Betelvine Production Technology, 1993 : 26-27. Nayak M. L. and Chaurasi R. K. “Improved Technology in Betelvine cultivation in Madhya Pradesh”, National Symposium on Betelvine Production Technology, 1993: 32-33. Chaurasi R. K. “Betelvine cultivation in Madhya Pradesh”, National Symposium on Betelvine Production Technology, 1993: 15-18. Dasgupta B., Sengupta K. and Jha S., “Betelvine cultivation in West Bangal”, National Symposium on Betelvine Production Technology, 1993: 28-31. Yadav B. P., Ojha K. L. and Prasad Y., “Betelvine Cultivation in Bihar”, National Symposium on Betelvine Production Technology, 1993: 10-12. Kashy Abraham, George Thomas, “Betelvine Cultivation in Kerala”, National Symposium on Betelvine Production Technology, 1993: 36-38. Waghe S. V., Bhombe B. B. Khune N. N., “Effect of Drip Irrigation on Incidence of Betelvine Foot Rot”, National Symposium on Betelvine Production Technology, 1993 : 62-64.

Charudatta Achyut Gandhe

QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF DOCTORAL THESIS IN EDUCATION AVAILABLE AT SHODHGANGA

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4426/4432

The present paper focuses on analysis of all doctoral thesis in Education available at INFLIBNET Shodhganga- an ETD of Indian thesis and dissertation.  The analysis was carried out according to universities which uploaded thesis on Shodhganga, year of submission to Shodhganga. The paper also focuses on various areas in Education  on which thesis are available on Shodhganga.

Keywords:  ETD, Doctoral Thesis, Education, Shodhganga 

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Kushkowsko, Jeffrey ,Parsons, Kathy and Wiese, William (2003). Master ' s and Doctoral Thesis Citations: Analysis and Trends of a Longitudinal Study. Reference and Instruction Publications and Papers, available at ?article=1032&context=refinst_pubs Donald E. Davinson (1977). Theses and Dissertations as Information Sources .Hamden, CT: Linnet Books. David C. Nicholas, “Source Codes for the Output of a Delta Modulator Operating on Speech” (Ph. D. diss., Iowa State University, 1971).

Mr. Prasad Joshi

OPINION OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS REGARDING USE OF JURISPRUDENTIAL INQUIRY MODEL FOR TEACHING GEOGRAPHY CONTENT

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4433/4438

 The present study is focussed on analysis of the opinion of Secondary school students regarding use of Jurisprudential Inquiry Model for teaching of public policy issues reflected in Geography text book of standard IX. Researcher developed a program based on Jurisprudential Inquiry Model and implemented the same in two schools of the Pune district. A feedback sheet has been used to get opinions of the students. The findings show that the students recorded favourable response regarding use of teaching aids, role of the teacher and benefits of the lessons.

 

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State Curriculum Framework 2010 draft (2010) Department of School Education, Government of Maharashtra, Mumbai. National Curriculum Framework (2005). National Council of Educational Research and Training, New Delhi. Joyce B., Weil M. (2011) Models of Teaching, New Delhi, Prentice Hall India.

I. Devi Vara Prasad

INVESTIGATION OF SAQ TRAINING VERSES SPRINT INTERVAL TRAINING IMPACT ON BASKETBALL THROW FOR ACCURACY OF MEN BASKETBALL PLAYERS

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4439/4446

\"\"The objective of the present investigation is to study the impact of SAQ training method vs sprint interval training method on basketball throw for accuracy of basketball players (men). To perform this study, forty five male inter-collegiate level basketball players from various colleges affiliated to Achariya Nagarjuna University, Andhra Pradesh, India were selected as subjects. Their age ranged from 18 years to 24 years. The selected subjects were divided into three equal groups of 15 subjects each. Group-1 received SAQ training, 2nd group received sprint interval training and 3rd group represented as control. This investigation was designed pre and post test on Basketball Throw for Accuracy. The result from all these groups prior to and post experimentation on Basketball Throw for Accuracy was statistically examined to determine the significance between the groups by ANCOVA. The Scheffe’s test is used as post hoc assessment to examine the paired mean variances. The observation of this investigation reveals that due to the effect of SAQ training and sprint interval training the basketball throw for accuracy of the subjects was significantly improved. It was also concluded that sprint interval training is better than SAQ training method in improving basketball throw for accuracy of basketball players (men).

Keywords: SAQ training, sprint interval training, Basketball Throw for Accuracy. 

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Brown L, Ferdgno V, Santana J. (2000). Training for speed, agility and quickness. Champaign,IL: Human Kinetics. Casey, A. et al., (1996). Metabolic Response of Type I and II Muscle Fibers during Repeated Bouts of Maximal Exercise in Human, Am J Physiol., 34, pp.38-43. Crisafulli A, Melis F, Tocco F, Laconi P, Lai C, Concu A.,(2002). “External mechanical work versus oxidative energy consumption ratio during a basketball field test”, Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness: 42: 409–417. Dawson, B., et al., (1998). “Changes in Performance, Muscle Metabolites, Enzymes and Fibre Types after Short Sprint Training”, Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol, 78:2. Jenson, Clayne R. & Hirst, Cynta C. (1980). Measurement in Physical Education and Athletics, New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, Inc., P.137.

Shriram S. Nikam

SOCIAL BACKGROUND OF INDIAN NATIONALISM

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4447/4450

The degraded and dehumanized Hindu Society was mobilized towards modernity as the alien rule obliged it to do so. The modern values of democracy provided the avenues to Indian elites to make rational enquiry into their own social system for rebuilding their nation. The concept of nationalism includes three aspects of human life-social, political and economical. The initial stage dominated by social nationalism. The extremists enlarged the scope of political nationalism at the cost of social nationalism. The 20th century debate over the problem was multidimensional-secular nationalism of Gandhiji, Hindu nationalism and the nationalism based on social political and economic justice of Ambedkar. The debate over the issue of nationalism has been covered in this research article. 

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Shriram Nikam, Gandhi – Ambedkar: Asprushyamukti Sangharsh (m), Lokwangmay Gruha, Mumbai, 2008, Pp. -9-10. Shriram Nikam, Ekonisavya Shatkatil Samajik Chalvali (Article in Marathi), cited in ‘Shodh’, Oct-Dec., 1999, Pp. 1-3. Gouri Shankar Bhatt, Social and Historical Rise of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, cited in Rajeshwar Prasad (ed.), Social Reform: An Indian Society, Y. K. Publishers, Agra, 1990, P. 189. Natarajan, Century of Social Reform in India, Asia Publishing House, Bombay, 1959, P. 38. Shriram Nikam, Destiny of Untouchables in Indian, Deep & Deep Publications, New Delhi, 1998, P. 29. n.1, Pp. 2-3 J. R. Shinde, Jyotirao Phuley: An Assessment, cited in The Journal of Social Sciences, Marathwada University, Aurangabad, Vol. XIX, Pp. 104-7. Proceedings of Second Indian National Congress, P. 54.; also report of III, INC, 1887, Pp.74-75 C. Y. Chintamani (Complied), Indian Social Reform, IOS, Madras, 1907, Pp. 127-28. Theodore L. Shay, Legacy of Lokmanya, Oxford University Press, Bombay, 1956, P. 65. Shriram Nikam, n. 5, P.29. Cited by Vishwanath Prasad Verma, Modern Indian Political Thought, Agra, 1978, P. 225. Shriram Nikam, n. 1, Pp.35-36.

Sonal Patil

FEMININE SENSIBILITY

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4451/4457

Manju Kapur is one of the outstanding Indian English female novelists. She is famous for her novel, Difficult Daughters and she got Common Wealth Award for it. Her next novel is A Married Woman which is about love at a moment of political as well as spiritual disturbance. It also deals with understanding as well as astuteness.  A Married Woman is tale about a one of the performer whose image confronts the limitations about the middle rank living-life.













Keywords: Feminist, society, divorce, aggression, domestic. 

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A. Primary Sources: Kapur, Manju. Difficult Daughters. New Delhi: Penguin India, 1998; London: Faber and Faber, 1998. ______’ ______. A Married Woman. New Delhi: India Ink, 2002; London: Faber and Faber, 2003. ______’ ______. Home. New Delhi: Random House India, 2006; London: Faber and Faber, 2006. ______’ ______. The Immigrant. New Delhi: Random House India, 2008. London: Faber and Faber, 2009. ______’ ______. Custody. New Delhi: Random House, India, 2011. London: Faber and Faber, 2011.

Sumana Paul

VALUE ORIENTATION IN HIGHER EDUCATION: SOLUTION OF TODAY’S PROBLEMS

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4458/4465

 

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Chatterjee, Subimal Kumar. 2006. New trends in Teacher Education, University News, 44(40), October 02-08. Daniel, P. Sam. & Danial, Rachel. K. 2012. Ethics and Morals in Integrated Education, University News, 50(50), December 10-16. Goel, Aruna. & Goel, S.L. 2005. Human Values and Education, Deep and Deep publications Pvt Ltd, New Delhi. Kaur, Sukhjeet. & Saini, S. K. 2006. Value Based Education: Solution of Today’s Problems, University News, 44(49), December 04-10. Narendra, Singh. 2003. Human Rights and International Cooperation, Chand Publication, New Delhi.

Sandhya Rani Dasari

REVERSE MORTGAGE IN INDIAN BANKS – A STUDY

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4471/4480

 Reverse mortgage an agreement by which a home owner borrows against the equity in his home and receives regular tax free payments from the lender. Here equity is the value of the property over and above any mortgage or other liabilities relating to it. Thus, reverse mortgage is a contract between a homeowner and a financier which enables the homeowner to receive a stream of income, especially in retirement, from the future realizable value of the home. With the growth of the ageing population, old age security has become one of the prime concerns for the Indian government.  All the measures are good for people who are into their working life and thus can save for their retirement now. But one of the segments which have been left is the one who are in their retirement phase and who may not have enough cash to sustain their life. They are called senior citizens.  These people may not have enough income or saving in cash but may have assets which may not be providing income. To overcome this problem, some of the public sector banks and one private housing finance company have already come up with their products and the reverse mortgage market in India started growing. The objective of this paper is to provide an overview of the reverse mortgage market in Indian Banks and how it is relevant for Indian market today.


Keywords: Reverse Mortgage, Senior Citizens and Indian Banks.

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Ginnie Mae HECM MBS Are the Latest Reverse Mortgage Innovation- Asset Securitization Report November 2007 INRnews Correspondent (2007), “National Housing Bank guidelines for reverse mortgage loans”, INRnews - Indian Real Estate & Property News, Mumbai, India, August 17, 2007. Joseph Samson (2007), “Reverse Mortgage in India: Your property pays you a regular income”, Rupee Times, News & Advice, www.rupeetimes.com Praveen Kumar (2007), “Reverse Mortgage”, News Letter, Indian Bank Management Academy for Growth & Excellence, – Issue – 25, May 2007. PricewaterhouseCoopers (2008),"The Mortgage Industry & Emerging Markets”, 2008 MBAA Servicing Conference, New Orleans, February 27, 2008. Singhal, Saket & Jain, Amit (2008), “Reverse Mortgage- Growing Market in India” 10th Global Conference of Actuaries, Institute of Actuaries of India, PP – 187-193 Subasri Sitaraman (2005), “The case for reverse mortgage”, Business Line, Financial Daily from THE HINDU group of publications, Tuesday, Mar 15, 2005

S. P. Mishra

EFFECTIVE INTEGRATION OF ICT WITH PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF TEACHERS

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4481/4486

Professional development should help engage teachers in activities that improve their performance in the classroom. In addition, professional development of the teacher–learner has become a focus with recent changes in teacher evaluations in some states, i.e., adopting pay-for-performance models. If student achievement is contingent on a highly effective teacher, then the duty of every school district and building-level administrator is to find and implement the best professional development opportunities. Technology and the use of ICT has created an entirely new avenue for professional development. Able to plan instruction which promotes problem analysis, critical thinking, creativity, leadership development and decision-making based upon subject matter, organization and integration of content and the relationship of content to education, career and life goals; student learning and motivation, with emphasis on individual differences; the community; and current education standards and practices 

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Aaronson, D., Barrow, L., & Sander, W. (2007). Teachers and student achievement in the Chicago public high schools. Journal of Labor Economics, 25(1), 95-135. Retrieved from http://faculty.smu.edu/millimet/classes/eco7321/papers/aaronson%20et%20al.pdf Fullan, M. G. (1991). The new meaning of educational change. London, England: Cassell. Blandford, S. (1998). Professional development in schools manual. London, England: Management Solutions Series. Blandford, S. (2000). Managing professional development in schools. London, England: Routledge. Carvin, A. (2006). What exactly is a blog, anyway? Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/teachers/ learning.now/2006/05/what_exactly_is_a_blog_anyway.html Halse, M. L., & Mallinson, B. J. (2009). Investigating popular Internet applications as supporting e-learning technologies for teaching and learning with Generation Y. International Journal of Education and Development Using Information and Communication Technology, 5(5), 58-71. Retrieved from ijedict.dec.uwi.edu

Ms. Swati Sehgal & Ms. Deepti Saini

MENTAL HEALTHCARE BILL, 2016: AN ANALYSIS

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4487/4494

 This paper is an attempt to analyze certain crucial aspects of the recent Mental Healthcare Bill, 2016. An attempt has been made to delve upon crucial components of the bill by situating it in the historical context of legislations and implementation measures adopted in the country. The paper also seeks to deliberate upon the theoretical understanding of mental well being and illness as terminologies and its implications in the conceptualisation of  the bill. 

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APA. 2013. Diagnostic and statisticalmanual of mentaldisorders(5th ed). Washington. Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilitieshttp://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Publications/AdvocacyTool_en.pdf Herman, H., Saxena, S. & Moodie, R. Geneva (ed.). 2005. Promoting mentalhealth: Concepts, emerging evidence, practice.Switzerland:WHO. Investing in Mental Health. 2003. Department of Mental Health and Substance Dependence, Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health, World Health Organization, Geneva. Switzerland:WHO. Khurana, S & Sharma, S. 2016. National mental health program of india: a review of history and current scenario. International Journal of community medicine and mental health. 3(10).pp. 2696-2704. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2394-6040.ijcmph20163191 National Mental Health Survey of India 2015-16:Summary NIMHANS http://www.nimhans.ac.in/sites/default/files/u197/National%20Mental%20Health%20Survey%20-2015-16%20Summary_0.pdf

Mr. Sunil H. Rawale & Anand S. Bhatt

A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON BICEPS MUSCLE GIRTH, CALF MUSCLE GIRTH AND THIGH MUSCLE GIRTH OF HIGH AND LOW PERFORMANCE OF KABADDI PLAYERS OF MAHARASHTRA FEDERATION TOURNAMENT

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4466/4470

 This study was conducted to compare the biceps muscle girth, calf muscle girthand thigh muscle girth of high and low performance male kabaddi players of Maharashtra. High performance kabaddi players were selected from Maharashtra Federation tournament of youth group (Boys) ,held at Sawantwadi, district –Ratnagiri, on 22nd to 25th November, 2015,and   from Maharashtra Kabaddi federation tournament male at Ashti, district- Beed on 5th Oct to 8th Oct 2015 and from Maharashtra federation under 14 boys kabaddi tournament held at Sangali. District Sangali on 2nd oct to 4th oct. 2015.Low performance kabaddi players were selected from Raigad districtkabaddi tournament male.The Z- test was used to test the significant difference between mean biceps, calf andthigh muscle girth. Statistical analysis revealed that mean biceps muscle girth and calfmuscle girth of high performance kabaddiplayers were significantly greater than themean biceps muscle girth and calf muscle girth of low performance kabaddi players. Where as insignificant differences were observed in the mean thigh muscle girth of thetwo groups.

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Kothari.C R, ( 2002 ) . “Research Methodology Methods and Techniques”,Published by WishwaPrakashan Zhdanova 1962. Of .In : Body composition and physical activity, Parizkova, J.1968. Current Anthropology, 9 (4) : 273 Wilmore, Jack H. “ Athletic Training and physical Fitness ; Physiological principles and practices of conditioning process” Allyn and Bacon, Inc. 470. Atlantic Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 1977.

Prakash B. Kundaragi & A. M. Kadakol

A STUDY ON STRESS MANAGEMENT OF LIC EMPLOYEES IN BELAGAVI DISTRICT

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4495/4499

 This research study is carried out to understand stress management techniques following by employees of LIC of India and how it effecting on their performance. We have chosen 200 employees for the study. Non-probabilistic convenience sampling method used to choose respondents. Research have found that, managing time properly, setting goals& prioritize the work, preparing action plan and leaving the tension at the work place itself are most using techniques to reduce the stress by the employees of LIC of India. Simple percentages, cumulative frequency, mean, SD & Rank has been followed for analysis of data which have been collected from the field with the help of SPSS-20. 

Keywords: Stress, stress management, techniques, LIC of India. 

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‘NEWSTART’, Newstart.com/whatisnewstaart#sthash.300apach.dpbs. Retrieved on: 29-12-2015 ANITHA, D. M. D. V. (2011). A STUDY ON STRESS MANAGEMENT OF WORKING WOMEN IN COIMBATORE DISTRICT. ZENITH International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, 1(7), 337–344. KUMAR, ANIL; Rathe, N. (2012). STRESS MANAGEMENT FACTORS AND ITS INTERRELATIONSHIP WITH JOB SATISFACTION ANIL. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN COMMERCE & MANAGEMENT, 3(3), 80–86. Kumar, V. (2016). Workplace Stress among the Employee in Insurance sector?: A study. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR INNOVATIVE RESEARCH IN MULTIDISCIPLINARY FIELD, 2(10), 122–127. Sameera; Shaik; Firoz. (2016). A Study on Stress Management among the BPO Employees in Chennai City. The International Journal of Business & Management (ISSN, 4(1), 12–15.

Alprata Ahuja

CRITICAL PEDAGOGY: FROM A THEORETICAL LENS

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4500/4510

In this paper, the author have shared her understanding of the critical pedagogy. The outline of the paper: it starts from small introduction on critical pedagogy, then the author have tried to bring forward the historical perspective of critical pedagogy to understand why this idea developed, then the discussion is carried forward on critical pedagogy in exposition to Giroux’s ideas on why we need critical pedagogy and its relevance to the various aspects of schooling. Also the discussion seems incomplete without the mention of the implication, which is done under the heading: The citizen school project. To conclude, analysis of relevance of this theoretical idea to Indian context is presented. Hence, the title of the paper “Critical Pedagogy: From a Theoretical Lens”.     

Keywords: Critical Pedagogy, Critical Theory, Giroux 

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Breuing, M. (2011). Problematizing Critical Pedagogy. International Journal of Critical Pedagogy.Vol 3(3), pp. 2-23. Retrieved from http://libjournal.uncg.edu/index.php/ijcp/article/view/246/113 Gandin, L.A. The Citizen Project: Implementing and Recreating Critical Education in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Giroux, H.A. (2005). Schooling and the Struggle for Public Life: Democracy’s Promise and Education’s Challenge. London: Paradigm Publishers. Giroux, H.A. (2011). On Critical Pedagogy. New York: continuum. Kincheloe, J.L. (2005). Critical Pedagogy Primer. New York: Peter Lang Publishing. NCERT. (2005). National Curriculum Framework 2005. New Delhi: NCERT. Scott, D. (2008). Critical Essays on Major Curriculum Theorists. New York: Routledge, pp. 103-114.

Jayshree Bhoyar

ROLE OF TEACHER EDUCATOR IN SUPERVISION OF TRAINEE TEACHERS

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4511/4515

\"\"In the 21st century many challenges are ahead in front of teacher education. One of the major challenges in this concern is supervision of the trainee teachers during school internship programme. In the recent time, two year B.Ed. programme things are systematically arranged. Days are counted; experience is given for trainees in the view of future perspectives. This paper is focused on the role of teacher educator in the supervision of pre-service trainee teachers during school visit/internship programme. Role of teacher educator is now dynamic in nature. S/he has to play a vital role in performing his or her duty. This paper mostly emphasised on objectives, responsibility and accountability. Teacher educator is mostly concern with his/her duty but the performing his/her duty is another issue.

Keywords: Teacher Educator, Trainee teachers, Supervision, Responsibility, Accountability, Objectivity 

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NCTE Regulation, 2014 Radha, Mohan, Teacher Education, PHI Learning, New Delhi Srivastava Prakash G N (2004) Perspectives in Teacher Education, Concept Publishing Company, Delhi. Stimpson, Philip at el (2000) Better Supervision better teaching, Hong Kong University Press. Two year B.Ed. programme syllabus of Department of Education, Guru Ghasidas Vishwavidyalaya, Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh

Mohit Dixit

STUDY OF WORK SATISFACTION AND ATTITUDE TOWARDS SARVA SHIKSHA ABHIYAN AMONG PANCHAYATI RAJ TEACHERS

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4516/4523

 This study was conducted to find out the work satisfaction  of panchayati raj teachers and their attitude towards sarva shiksha abhiyan .The sample consisted 440 primary and upper primary school teachers from 10 panchayat samiti of Jaipur district of Rajasthan state. Self-developed attitude scale and Self -developed work satisfaction scale for panchayatiraj school teachers were used to collect the data.The statistical techniques were used the mean ,standard deviation, C.R.,coefficient of correlation .The results showed that the factors like locality , level of the school and gender of the teachers influence attitude and work satisfaction towards sarva shiksha abhiyan .
Keywords:- Work satisfaction , Attitude towards sarva shiksha abhiyan

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Aggrawal,Y.(1998). Access and retention : The impact of DPEP.New Delhi : Educational consultants India Limited. Broadfoot ,P.(1992).A question of quality. ACSE publication .New Delhi. Buch,M.B.(Ed)(1986). Fifth Survey Of Research in Education .New Delhi.NCERT. Government Of India,(2001).Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. Report on national conference ,New Delhi MHRD. Mehta,A.C.(1998). Elementary education in India . New Delhi . NIEPA. MHRD.(2003). India's stride towards education for all . New Delhi : Department of Elementary Education Literacy ,Government of India. Parkash, Ved.(1998). Three years of DPEP and learners' achievement . New Delhi , NCERT. Warjri,S.(2006). Case on the effectiveness of education Guarantee Scheme under SSA in Jaintia Hills District ,District Institute of Education and Traning , Thadlaskein , Meghalaya. Yadav,R.S.(2005). Education as a fundamental right : need for a community participation in primary schools . University News , 43(25).

Sunil Kumar & Chaman Prakash

AWARENESS OF RIGHT TO EDUCATION ACT-2009, AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS OF DISTRICT KULLU IN HIMACHAL PRADESH

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4524/4537

 The study is an attempt to understand the awareness of right to education act, 2009, among primary school teachers of district Kullu in Himachal Pradesh The RTE Act, 2009 has come into force with effect from 1st April, 2010 in our country which is a landmark in the history of education. The said Act assigns some duties to elementary teachers also some duties to schools. Essential provisions regarding the free and compulsory elementary education for the children of the age group 6-14 years. Separate provisions have been given for the admissions of the children of this age group. Main focus of this act is to make all elementary schools in India RTE- Compliant and to provide quality elementary education to this age group. This paper mainly aims at looking into the roles and functions of the Schools and teachers to provide quality elementary education to this target group. In this paper authors studied the awareness level of male and female teachers of elementary schools about their roles and responsibilities to impart elementary education and their role to achieve cent per cent enrolment, enrolment of out of school children, retention till completion of elementary education, child centred school activities. The study focuses that the awareness of teachers towards right to education needs significant teachers - people rapport for proper implementation of the Act and also the awareness of teacher plays an important role in success of any new system. The present study has been under- taken so as to analyse the awareness of primary school teachers towards RTE Act, 2009.

Keywords:  RTE, Elementary Education, Teacher Awareness, CCE, SDP.

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Aggarwal, D.D. 2002. History and Development of Elementary Education in India. New Delhi: Sarup and Sons. Aggarwal, J.C. (1992). Education Policy in India: 1992 Retrospect and Prospect. Shipra Publication, New Delhi.

Nabin Thakur & Sabita Prava Patnaik

IMPACT OF ACTIVITY BASED ADOLESCENCE EDUCATION ON ATTITUDE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS RELATED TO ADOLESCENT REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4538/4548

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This study was undertaken to study the impact of activity based adolescence education on attitude of secondary school students mainly boys and girls as well as rural and urban regarding adolescent reproductive health (ARH). The data was collected by self made standardized attitude scale based on ARH which hold forty items with five points Likert Scale. Experimental pretest-posttest equivalent group design was used and out of 204 students 102 were selected in control and 102 in experimental group from two different schools. Pre-test was administered in both the groups followed by intervention through different kind of activities to experimental group whereas control group was taught in conventional way. After the intervention, post-test was administered in both the groups. Pre-test and post-test scores were calculated and analysed by mean, standard deviation and t-test. Result revealed that there was significant difference between mean gain scores of experimental and control group on attitude and no significant difference between boys and girls as well as rural and urban adolescents with regard to the level of attitude on adolescent reproductive health when taught through activity based teaching method.

Keywords: Activity based method, Adolescence education, Adolescent reproductive health, Attitude.

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Adolescence Education Programmee, Training and Research Materials. New Delhi: National Population Education Project, Department of Education in Social Sciences & Humanities, National Council of Educational Research and Training, 2010. Adolescent Education Programmee, Life Skills Development. New Delhi: National Aids Control Organisation, Govt. of India, 2008. Adolescents in India: A desk review of existing evidence and behaviours, programmes and policies. New Delhi: Population Council & UNICEF, 2013. Best, J. W., & Kahn, J. V. (2007). Research in Education (9th ad.). New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India Private Limited.

Madhuri Hooda & Ved Pal

INTERNET INFLUENCING VARIOUS ASPECTS OF COLLEGE STUDENTS; A CRITICAL ISSUE TO THINK

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4549/4555

 Rapid expansion and proliferation of the internet has provided better opportunities for communication, information and social interaction. The excessive undisciplined use by individuals has led to the emergence of the concept of internet addiction. Psychological and environmental factors in the lives of college students may leave them disproportionately vulnerable to Internet addiction. Internet addiction is growing problem among students of professional courses, which has psychological, physical, and social impact on student’s life. So it is necessary to develop strategies for prevention of internet addiction as well as therapeutic interventions, which is vital for promoting healthy and safe use of the Internet. Awareness should be created among the students to improve ability to reduce the occurrence of internet addiction behaviour promoting their healthy growth.
Keywords: Internet Addiction, College students and Awareness.

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Cassell, J., Huffaker, D., Tversky, D., & Ferriman, K. (2006). The Language of Online Leadership: Gender and Youth Engagement on the Internet. Applied Developmental Psychology, 42, 436-449. Finkelhor, D., Mitchell, K. J., & Wolak, J. (2000). Online Victimization: A Report on the Nation’s Youth. Alexandria, VA: National Centre for Missing and Exploited Children. Finkelhor, D., Mitchell, K. J., & Wolak, J. (2003). The Exposure of Youth to Unwanted Sexual Material on the Internet. Youth and Society, 34 (3), 330-358. Galbreath, N., & Berlin, F. (2002). Paraphilias and the Internet. In A. Cooper (Ed.), Sex and the Internet: A Guidebook for Clinicians (pp. 187-205). New York: Brunner Routledge. Girl Scout Research Institute (2002). The Net Effect: Girls and New Media. Available at: www.girlscouts.org/research/publications/original/net_effect.asp

Prashantha Kumara T.M.

INCLUSION OF ICT IN HIGHER EDUCATION

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4556/4567

 Educators everywhere have long looked to rising technologies of their time to advance the delivery of teaching in the classroom and to reach students in distant locations. In the early days of technology use, the focal point was on the delivery of direct teaching. The increased use of technology in education has generated considerable innovation and debate over benefits and disadvantages. The economic oriented motivation of ICT relates to the possible increase of efficiency in educational tasks, saving labor. The emergence of networked computers marks a significant development in educational opportunities with teachers and learners beyond the classroom, school, university or college. As a result, higher education’s reach now extends far beyond what was once possible or even imaginable. This transformative process will undoubtedly continue as broader band width gives faculty and students, as well as Administrators, access to new opportunities. Technology has fundamentally altered how we live and works as well as we learn. In the world of higher education, for example, virtually every aspect of scholarship from conducting research to communicating ideas has been influenced by technology. Wider availability of best practices and best course material in education, which can be shared by means of ICT, can foster better teaching. Use of ICT in education develops higher order skills such as collaborating across time and place and solving complex rear world problems. It improves the perception and understanding of the world of the student. Thus, ICT can be used to prepare the work force for the information society and the new global economy. 

 

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Agarwal, P. (2006), ‘Higher education in India: the need for a change’, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations. Bhattacharya, I. & Sharma, K. (2007), ‘India in the knowledge economy – an electronic paradigm’, International Journal of Educational Management Vol. 21 No. 6, pp. 543-568. Bottino, R.M. (2003). ‘ICT, National Policies, and Impact and on Schools Teachers’ Development’. Barron, A. (1998). Designing Web-based training. British Journal of Educational Technology, 29(4), 355-371. Chandra, S. & Patkar, V. (2007), ‘ICTS: A catalyst for enriching the learning process and library services in India’, The International Information & Library Review 39(1), 1-11. Collins, L.J. (2001), ‘ICT education and the dissemination of new ideas: Channels, resources and risks.’ ‘Paper presented at the Australian Association of Educational Research, Freemantle’. Collis, B. (2002). Information technologies for education and training. In Adelsberger, H., Collis, B, & Pawlowski,

Alebachew Alemnew

A COMPARATIVE STUDY: SCHOOL CLIMATE ACROSS NON- PHYSICAL INDICATORS IN NORTH EAST REGION OF INDIA AND IMPLICATIONSFOR EDUCATIONAL LEADERS

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4568/4583

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The purpose of this paper is to review the climate of elementary schools in North EastIndia across some select indictors and pinpoint its implications to educational leaders.  The objectives were to examine the NER States Performances across assignment of headmasters, establishment of SMC, teachers’ capacity building efforts and some efficiency indicators. The study was fully desk review on the raw data collected by National University of Educational Planning and Administration (NUEPA). Thus it has been found that States greatly vary in assigning headmasters where Manipur is more successful in maintaining regularheadmaster: 94.3% forurban and 95.58% for rural elementary schools where as Arunachal Pradesh State was the least having 16.71% of urban and 6.46%. Overall the performance of the NER is encouraging in establishing School Management Committee compared to all States of India. However, they are still lagging in urban schools.  In the areas of supervisions, Cluster Resource center coordinators have given due attention to rural schools and better supervision was done in Tripura, Manipur and theleast supervision was observed in Sikkim and Meghalaya where their performance is lower than the aggregate of States. Most of the States have not gone beyond 60% on average that reminds educational leaders to think about the coming years as supervision is a means of addressing problems at ‘infancy’ before they ‘go off track’. Teachers’ in-service training as a key for capacity building was weak which needs the attention of the Educational leadership.Overall, the schools of India are entertaining over crowded classes both in primary (35.51% of urban and 52.87 rural) and upper primary (32.82% urban and 51.98 rural) and high teacher -pupil ratio (22.38% in urban, 26.15 % rural in primary), which are still the challenges for NER States as well.  In securing resource and its utilization, Tripura was better and Sikkim State received the least grant and was not even able to utilize.

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Cohen, J., Mccabe, E., Michelli, N. and Pickeral, T. (2009). School Climate: Research, Policy, Practice, and Teacher Education. Columbia University, Teachers College Record Vol. 111(1), pp. 180–213. Retrieved on June 08, 2016 from http://www.ijvs.org/files/Publications/School-Climate.pdf Doctor, S. (1997). Positive School climate Retrieved on May 9 , 2016 from http://www.edu.gov.mb.ca/k12/specedu/beh/pdf/3.pdf Forsyth, P.B., Adams, C.M. And Hoy,W.K.(2011). Collective Trust :Why Schools Can’t Improve Without It. New York, Teachers College Colombia University, ISBN 978-0-8077-5167-1 Harris, A. and Muijs, D. (2005). Improving Schools Through Teacher Leadership. England, Open University Press

D. Ponmozhi

TEACHING INTREST OF STUDENT TEACHERS

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4584/4589

 The current inquiry has been undertaken in order to study the Teaching interest of student teacher in Tamil Nadu state. 622 student teachers were selected from various Education Colleges in Tamil Nadu state through random sampling technique. Normative survey method was used. This study is proposed to find out the levels of teaching interest of student teachers and significant difference between the selected pairs of sub-samples. Teaching interest scale constructed and validated by the researcher (2014) was used to collect the data. This study reveals that the majority of student teachers teaching interest were average. There exists significant difference between sub samples related to Email holders, Gender, locality of living, Type of College and Main subject studied.
Key words: Computer Literacy, E-Mail Holder, locality of living, Type of College and Teaching interest.

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Bhalerao,R.P., Roy ,S.,& Varad,G.R., (2011) .A study of the correlation between Career Preference Profile and Interest in Teaching of B.Ed. Students.Indian Streams Research Journal, 1(9),1-4. Eren, A. (2012). "Prospective teachers’ interest in teaching, professional plans about teaching and career choice satisfaction: a relevant framework?," Australian Journal of Education, 56( 3). Retrived from: http://research.acer.edu.au/aje/vol56/iss3/7. Greenberg,R.B., Ziegler,C.H., Borges,N.J., Elam,C.L., Stratton,T.D.,& Woods,S.(2013). Medical student interest in academic medical careers’ multi-institutional study, Perspective Medical Education, 2:298–316.DOI 10.1007/s40037-013-0051-6.

Rageshree Swain , Pragyan Paramita Rout & Sanhita Padhi

BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS FROM MACROALGAE- THE MEDICINAL PROSPECTIVES

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4590/4602

 Our natural world is extremely rich in resources. Hence, it plays a diverse role in the field of therapeutics. As the Earth’s surface is covered by more than 70% of the oceans, marine organisms can therefore be considered as an excellent source of bioactive compounds. Bioactive compound or biologically active compounds are the compounds that are effective on a living organism, issue or cell. Examples of certain bioactive compounds and flavonoids, carotenoids, polysaccharides, glucosinates, polyphenols, and many more. Numerous bioactive compounds having heterogeneous function such as antiproliferative, antioxidant, and anti-microtubule have been extracted from the marine sources. Macroalgae or Seaweed, a word that includes the macroscopic, multicellular or benthic marine algae, is thought to be an exceptional source of bioactive compounds because they are enriched with different kinds of secondary metabolites exhibiting various biological activities and have extensively been utilized for the treatment of various kinds of diseases. Several unpolished or partly refined polysaccharides from many brown, green and red algae have been confirmed for their diverse curing activities. Recent trends in drug research indicated macroalgaeto be promising as novel and sustainable sources of bioactive compounds for both pharmaceutical and nutraceutical applications. The proper development of marine algae compounds will be helpful in pharmaceutical product development and in the development of the pharmaceutical industry.
Keywords: Macroalgae, Bioactive compounds, Pharmaceuticals, Polysaccharides, Protein, PUFAs, Polyphenols, Pigments, Phlorotannins

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Aguilera-Morales M., Casas-Valdez M., Carrillo-Dom?nguez S., Gonzalez-Acosta B., Perez-Gil F. (2005) Chemical composition and microbiological assays of marine algae Enteromorpha spp. as a po-tential food source. J. Food Compost. Anal. 18:79-88. Alain R., micro-pocheL.R. (1994) (2nd Ed) (in french). 14 and126. Aliste A.J., Vieira F.F., Del Mastro N.L. (2000) Radiation effects on agar, alginates and carrageenan to be used as food additives. Ra-diat. Phys. Chem. 57:305-308. Alviano D.S., Alviano C.S. (2009) Plant extracts: search for new alternatives to treat microbial diseases. Curr. Pharm. Biotechnol. 10:106-121. Andriamanantoanina H., Rinaudo M. (2010) Characterization of the alginates from five madagascan brown alga. Carbohydr.Polym. 82:555-560. Antonisamy M.J., Raj E.D.S. (2011) UV–VIS and HPLC studies on Amphiroaanceps (Lamarck) Decaisne. Arabian J. Chem.

Samaresh Adak

ROLE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) TO BUILD INCLUSIVE CLASSROOM FOR COGNITIVE DISABLED CHILDREN–AN APPROACH TOWARDS EDUCATIONAL PARADIGM SHIFTS

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4603/4611

 This paper presents and evaluates the development of an educational technology curriculum aimed at pre-service, primary education and undergraduates; the focus is on the incorporation of ICT competences to build inclusive education for cognitive disabled children. Inclusion or integration is an important part of equal opportunity in education. Demands for inclusive education have increased and fostered major changes to schooling and education. Students with cognitive disabilities are educated alongside their peers within the local community therefore mainstream schools are required to adapt to accommodate a diverse group of students with a variety of needs. Students were able to monitor the development and implementation of tools for cognitive disabled children in schools, and plan teaching and learning in within their course project work by using technology. Within an educational technology curriculum, a competence framework was developed for fostering the use of ICT in the teaching of, and learning by, cognitive disabled children. This was achieved against the backcloth of the baseline learning objectives of autonomy, inquiry, creativity and innovation. In pre-service teacher education in educational technology, the focus is on inquiry based learning, and on planning and incorporating the innovative use of ICT into teaching; the emphasis is also on enhancing the student teachers’ competences for his/her own professional development. Paradigm shift is a fundamental change in the basic concepts and experimental practices of a scientific discipline. Here the Paradigm shift occurs in the concept development of e-learning environment by using several technologies for cognitive disabled children. E-learning environment in the inclusive classroom assists classroom management and facilitates the individual and collaborative engagement and activities in the process of development of cognitive abilities and also to overcome cognitive disabilities by using cognitive therapies for better learning, experiences and interests of every individual student.
Keywords: Educational technology curriculum, inclusive education, cognitive disabled children, Paradigm shift, e-learning environment for cognitive disabled children.

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Al-Ansari, H. (2006). Internet use by the faculty members of Kuwait University. The Electronic Library 24 (6), 791-803. Alexander, J.O. (1999). Collaborative design, constructivist learning, information technology immersion, & electronic communities: a case study, Interpersonal Computing and Technology: An Electronic Journal for the 21st Century, 7, 1–2. Amutabi, M. N. & Oketch, M. O. (2003), ‘Experimenting in distance education: the African Virtual University (AVU) and the paradox of the World Bank in Kenya', International Journal of Educational Development ,23 (1), 57-73. Attwell, P; Battle, J. (1999). “Home Computers and School Performance”. The Information Society. No. (15), Pp. 1-10. Barron, A. (1998). Designing Web-based training. British Journal of Educational Technology, 29, (4), 355-371. Becker, H. J. (2000). “Pedagogical Motivations for Student Computer Use that Leads to Student Engagement”. Education Technology, 40, (5), 5-17.

Mamata Aswal & Seema Dhawan

NEED ANALYSIS: EDUCATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN TEACHER EDUCATION

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4612/4625

 Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) is about making education better in quality, more relevant and more responsible. It is for providing learners with the tools and techniques needed to deal effectively with contemporary challenges in this unstable world. It encourages people to be innovative, think critically, solve problems, understand complexity and cooperate with others. ESD promotes life-long learning and inter-disciplinary education. It gives priority to equal education for girls and women at all levels. Thus, the vision of ESD is that of transforming education systems so that they can help to build a better future. Teachers play a key role in the socialization of young people for sustainable development. One cannot ignore the position of teacher and teacher training programmes in environmental perspectives. It is the responsibility of teachers and prospective teachers to sensitize their students and the public at large about important issues related to environment and sustainable development. To transform education systems, it is essential that teacher must have all the required skills, attitudes and values related to ESD. For this, it is important to know the requirement of prospective teachers. Present paper deals with the need analysis of the probable teachers in the area of ESD.
Key words- Sustainability, HNB Garhwal University, Pupil teachers.

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Dhawan, S. (2008). Environmental Awareness of Pupil Teachers. Indian Journal of Teacher Education, Anveshika, vol 5, No.2, 38-46. Dhawan, S. (2012). Eco-club Influences the Environmental Awareness of Students. Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies, Oct.-Nov., Vol.- I:III 650-659. Dhawan, S. (2013). Education for Sustainable Development in Context with Teacher Education. Research Revolution, Vol. II (3), 46 – 48. Dhawan, S. L. Rawat & Sharma,V. (2005). Environmental Education in Pre Service Teacher Education. Seema Dhawan, Indian Journal of Education, vol. XXXI, No. 2, 29 – 44, NCERT. Korthagen, F. A. J. (2004). In search of the essence of a good teacher: Towards a more holistic approach in teacher education. Teaching and Teacher Education.

Ms. Vandana

PSYCHOLOGICAL REFLECTION THROUGH ACADEMIC WRITING: AN ASSESSMENT TOOL

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4626/4638

cademic writing in an educational setting is generally used for expressing views, ideas and thoughts about scholastic/curriculum transaction a teacher has done in his/he classroom. In education system these academic writings are generally used for practicing and assessing the learning outcomes which bring about the desired changes in the behaviour of learner. The forms of academic writing generally used in assessment and learning practices are essays, comprehensions, story writing, reflective dairies, speeches, self written poem and literary works etc. throughout the subjects. As academic writing is a free expression of learners understanding of his curricular learning and his interaction with his internal and external environment, it becomes an authentic source of assessment and judgement of learners academic & life skill accomplishment. A psychological reflection through academic writings proposes as personality traits of the learners, their attitude towards learning, teachersand institution. One’s specific interests, opinions, assumptions, psychological need adjustment at institution and home and one’s perception towards oneself, society, country and humankind. Other then one’s academic reflections, these writings could be very authentic records of his/her psychological reflections which can be very helpful for a teacher, instructor or parent in understanding their mindset and learning requirements. And a step ahead from that, a teacher can adapt, adopt and even evolve individualised transactional strategies for learning. All the way we can patternize his course of life development in a desired mode. Finally it proposes that simultaneously with academic

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assessment through academic writings if psychological reflections of learner are also looked at, then the assessment will become holistic and insight full for all the stakeholder of teaching learning process in particular and education in general. This paper tries to highlight the psychological reflection of learners conveyed through, by one’s academic writings. We thematically analysed the academic writing of 6 learners throughout all subjects in DIET’s D.El.Ed. program.

















































Keywords: Academic writing, psychological assessment, classroom transaction, learning 

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Canagarajah, A. Suresh (2002). A Geopolitics of Academic Writing. University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 978-0-8229-7238-9. Coinam, David (2004). 'Concordancing Yourself: A Personal Exploration of Academic Writing', Language Awareness, Vol. 13, Issue 1, pp. 49–55 Phyllis, Creme,; Mary, Lea, (1 May 2008). Writing At University: A Guide For Students. McGraw-Hill Education (UK). ISBN 978-0-335-22116-5. Goodall, H. Lloyd, Jr. (2000). Writing Qualitative Inquiry: Self, Stories, and Academic Life (Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press) Hyland, Ken (22 July 2004). Disciplinary Discourses, Michigan Classics Ed.: Social Interactions in Academic Writing. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-03024-8. Johns, Ann M. (1997). Text, Role and Context: Developing Academic Literacies (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) Jordan, R. R. (1999). Academic writing course: Study skills in English (3rd ed.). Harlow, MA: Pearson Education. Leki, I. (1998). Academic writing: Exploring processes and strategies. (2nd ed.). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. Lester, J. D. (1996). Writing research papers: The City University style manual (8th ed.). New York, NY: Harper Collins. Lester, J. D. (1999). Writing research papers: A complete guide (9th ed.). New York, NY: Addison-Wesley Educational Publishers. Markham, R., Markham, P., & Waddell, M. (2001). 10 steps in writing the research paper (6th ed.). Happauge, NY: Barron’s.

Nourang Kumar, Ms. Supreet Kaur, Vikash Sharma & Mukesh Sharma

NITRATE CONTAMINATION IN GROUND WATER SAMPLES OF GANG CANAL CATCHMENT AREA (SRI GANGANAGAR DISTRICT)

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4639/4641

Ground water samples analysis of Gang Canal catchment area were collected during October-November, 2010 and July-August, 2011.  100 ground water samples were collected from different places of Sri Ganganagar.  It was found that nitrate concentration was ranging from 0.34 to 278.68 mg/L.  The concentration remains same throughout the period, irrespective of rain/flood period.  The permissible limit by WHO of Nitrate is 40-50 mg/L.  High Nitrate concentration may cause blue baby syndrome or methemoglobinemia. 

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S.K. Gupta, R.C. Gupta, J.R. Bassin, D.K. Gupta and S. Sharma, Amer. J. Gastroenterology, 2014, (94) 1908. I.G. Villa, S.C., Lanchez, M.R.C., Chavez, J.P.M., Davila, A.P. Vazquez et. al., J. Agri. Sci., 2015, 2, (2) 17. J.D. Hem, Some aspects of Chemical Equilibrium in ground water contamination, Public Health Service Symposium, A. Report Taft Sanitary Engr. Centre, Report WE1-5, (2009). S.C. Gupta, Chemical character of ground water in Nagaur district, Rajasthan, Indian J. Environ Hlth, 33(3) 167 (2005). Vijay Kumar, C.S. T Lal, M.S.R. Swamay, P.L.K.M. Rao Incidence of Nitrate in ground water in Medchal block of Ranga Reddy district Andhra Pradesh, India, Asian Env., 2012 14 (1) 52. Anonymous Guideline for drinking water quality, WHO< 1996, (2) 231. Indian Council of medical research, New Delhi, Manual of Standards of quality of Drinking water supplies special report; 1975, series no.44.

Mrs. Malavika Ahlawat

A STUDY OF EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN FROM FOUR PROFESSIONS

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4642/4650

Women empowerment has become a buzzword, which has different meanings for different persons. Social upliftment, economic independence and political empowerment of women include a transformation of self, society and community. Empowerment of any society is possible when women are empowered. The present study is an attempt to find out social, economic and political empowerment of professional women. The meaning and definition of women empowerment, and the objectives of the study, the comparison between three domains of empowerment of professional women are presented in the tables. The researcher found that The women from the selected profession are found socially and economically empowered but not much politically and the women from engineering professions are less empowered overall as compared to the women from other three professions.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keywords: Empowerment of Women, Social empowerment, Economic Empowerment and Political Empowerment 

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World Bank PovertyNet. topic Empowerment http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTPOVERTY/EXTEMPOWERMENT/0,,menuPK:486417~pagePK:149018~piPK:149093~theSitePK:486411,00.html

Sandhya G.

EMOTIONAL COMPETENCIES OF ADOLESCENTS OF WORKING AND NON-WORKING MOTHERS

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4651/4660

Emotions term has derived from emovere which means to excite. Emotions are extremely important in the life of an individual, especially the adolescents which is the period generally termed as period of storm and strife. The period needs special guidance and counseling to channelize the energy and direct the youngsters’ in particular aim full direction.  Adolescent needs to have higher emotional competence to take decisions appropriately for a successful life. Behaviour has been found to get influence as accordance to levels of emotional competence. In case of adolescents who live a highly emotional life, emotions play role of strong motivating forces. Researcher explored the influence of maternal employment on the subsequent relationship she shares with her child. Mother’s employment can bring consequences of both type may be positive and may be negative on adolescents too. In the present investigation total 120 secondary school students (adolescents) of Ambala district were selected randomly as sample.  For the collection of data, the researchers were used Emotional competency Scale developed & Standardized by Sharma and Bhardwaj (2007). Results of the study indicate that the emotional competence of adolescents of working and non working mothers does not differ. Same finding observed in the case of male adolescent of working and non working mothers but female adolescents of working mothers scored higher mean values then female adolescents of non working mothers.

Keywords: Emotional Competency, Adolescents, Employment of Mothers 

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Abraham, R. (1999). Emotional intelligence in organizations: A conceptualization. Genetic, Social, and General Psychology Monographs, 125, 209-224. Cherniss, C. (2000). Social and emotional competence in the workplace. In R. Bar-On & J. D. A. Parker (Eds.), The Handbook of Emotional Intelligence (pp. 433-458). San Francisco: Jossey Bass. Kataria, S., & Kaur, A. (2014). A study of educational competence of adolescents of working and non working mothers. BRICS Journal of Educational Research, 4 (1-2), 47- 53. Manhas, S., & Devi, P. (2015). Establishing association between maternal emotional intelligence and mothering, International Journal of Advanced Research, 3(8), 1299 – 1309. Rani,A., Kamboj, S., Kohli,S. & Malik, A. (2016). Maternal Work Status and Emotional Competencies of Adolescence, Indian Journal of Education and Psychology, July 2016, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp 100-106.

Dr. Sanjay Tiwari, Sanjay Kant Bhardwaj & Shri Jay Shankar Sharma

GRAMIN VIKAS KARYAKRAMO KA MULANKAN SANDHARBH MADHYAPRADESH

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4661/4666

 

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(i) ???? ?????? dk HkkSxksfyd v/;;u& ???? ?????? fganh xzaFk vdkneh] Hkksiky] 2002&izfeyk dqekj (ii) ???? ?????? dk vkfFkZd fodkl & ???? ?????? fganh xazFk vdkneh] Hkksiky] “kf”k uk;j (iii) xzkeh.k vFkZ”kkL= & fo”kky izdk”ku eafnj] esjB] 2000] tSu v:.k (iv) xzkeh.k vFkZ”kkL= & ,d v/;;u] lujkbt ifCyds”ku] t;iqj] 2002 vxzoky ts-ds- (v) ???? ?????? lans”k & ekfld if=dk] tuojh& 2006 Hkksiky

Kulvinder Singh

SECTARIAN CONFLICT IN PAKISTAN: ITS CAUSES AND IMPLICATIONS

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4667/4673

 

Sectarianism is a real threat to Pakistan security. The history of sectarian conflict in Pakistan is as old as the existence of this country. Yet, the intensification of sectarian divide in Pakistan was observed during late 1970s and early 1980s because of domestic political changes and the implications of Islamic revolution in Iran and the subsequent adverse reaction in some Arab countries to the assumption of power by clergy operating from the holy city of Qom. During the military regime of General Mohammad Zia-ul-Haq, which seized power on July 5, 1977 pursued a policy of ‘Islamisation’ resulting into the deepening of Sectarian divide between Shia and Sunnis. This paper attempts to analytically examine the dynamics of Sectarian conflict in Pakistan

Keywords: Sectarianism, Shia, Sunni, Security, Conflict, Prophet, Islamisation 

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Abbas, Hassan, (2010): Shiism and Sectarian Conflict in Pakistan Identity Politics, Iranian Influence, and Tit-for-Tat Violence, Combating Terrorism Center at West Point, retrieved from,https://www.ctc.usma.edu/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/CTC-OP-Abbas-21-September.pdf Ahmar, Moonis, Sectarian Conflicts in Pakistan, retrieved from http://pu.edu.pk/images/journal/studies/PDF-FILES/Moonis%20Ahmar-1.pdf Ahmed, Khaled, (2012): Sectarian War: Pakistan's Sunni-Shia Violence and its links to the Middle East, New York, Oxford University Press Ahmed, Mustaq, (1985): Pakistan at the Crossroads, Karachi, Royal Book Co Amin, Tahir, (1988): Ethno-National Movements of Pakistan, Islamabad, Institute of Policy Studies Arif, Khalid. Mahmud., (1995): Working with Zia Pakistan Power Politics 1977-1988, Karachi, Oxford University Press

Ritu Bakshi

EXPLORING GENDER IDENTITY AT PRIMARY STAGE: STORIES SPEAK

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4678/4685

\"\"The researcher through data collection and responsive investigation show the school time  experiences and exposure of boys and girls in their story dictation and dramatization. The present study highlights and emphasises the vital role of narrative in play and how it can be a rich venue to explore the facts of difference and similarity, particularly relating to gender identities and expression. The study explores how the children’s stories tell the influence of cultural stereotypes and the potential to move beyond rigid gender boundaries as well. In the ancient era in India, the grandparents used to tell the stories to the kids to enhance their vision about culture and society. But with time, the art of storytelling and of stories has diminished in early childhood as well as in school education. The present paper is an attempt to remind us of the power of story to empower children to value both their own voices and those of their peers.

Keywords: Story- telling, school, sensitization, gender. 

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Aikman. E, Unterhalter. E, & Challender. C. (2005). The education MDGs: achieiving Bjorklund, D.F. 2005. Children’s thinking: Cognitive development and individual differences. 4th Ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. Boldt, G.M. 1996. Sexist and heterosexist responses to gender bending in an elementary classroom. Curriculum Inquiry 26 (2): 113–131. Boldt, G.M. 2011. One hundred hotdogs, or performing gender in the elementary classroom. In Perspectiveson gender in early childhood, ed. T. Jacobson, 77–93. St. Paul, MN: Redleaf. Challenges for Teacher Training in Instituting Gender Responsive Pedagogy in Schools in Sadker, D. & Zittleman, K. (2013) Teacher Education Textbooks: The Unfinished Gender Revolution [Electronic version]. Educational Leadership

Prabhjeet Kaur

EMPLOYEES PERCEPTION REGARDING LEADERSHIP STYLES AND JOB SATISFACTION IN FEW SELECT ORGANIZATIONS OF SERVICE INDUSTRY

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4686/4700

 The current study examined the relationship between leadership styles (transactional, participative, transformational, and servant leadership style) and employee’s job satisfaction. The research indicated that job satisfaction is influenced by leadership styles and contributed to individual’s contentment on the job. The standardized questionnaire used in this study was distributed to a sample of 75 employees of Punjab State Co-operative bank and its 17 branches in Chandigarh. The t-test, Correlation and regression analysis (using stepwise method) was used to analyze the results. Multiple linear regression (using stepwise method) showed that transactional leadership style explained 37.8% change in job satisfaction. Transactional leadership was strongly related to job satisfaction than other leadership styles. Independent samples T test showed that there is not a significant difference between job satisfactions with regard to gender. It was suggested that leaders’ should demonstrate different leadership styles in varying situations and deal with followers’ individually to increase organizational effectiveness.

 Keywords: Leadership; transactional, participative, transformational, and servant leadership style, job satisfaction

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Ahmad, A. R., Adi, M. N., Noor, H. M., Rahman, A. G., & Yushuang, T. (2013). The Influence of Leadership Style on Job Satisfaction among Nurses. Asian Social Science. Amin, M., Shah, S., & Tatlah, I. A. (2013). Impact of Principals/Directors’ Leadership Styles on Job Satisfaction of the Faculty Members: Perceptions of the Faculty Members in a Public University of Punjab, Pakistan. Journal of Research and Reflections in Education, 7(2), 97-112. Anita, S. (2012). Job satisfaction in insurance sector: An emperical investigation. International journal of engineering and managemnet sciences, 3(4), 425-432. Bobbio, A., Van Dierendonck, D., &Manganelli, A.M. (2012). Servant leadership in Italy and its relation to organizational variables. Leadership, 8(3), 229-24. Bogdanic, D. (2012). Expectations of Participative Leadership Behaviour In Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Prabhjeet Kaur

A STUDY OF CHALLENGES INVOLVED IN MANAGING HUMAN RESOURCE IN BANKING SECTOR IN INDIA: A REVIEW

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4701/4707

 It is a well known fact that for effective functioning of any organization and adapting to any change, the management of human resources is utmost important. The management of any organisation is possible only when human resources are given due acknowledgement and focus is laid on their development wholeheartedly. Human Resource Management is important for banks because banking is a service industry. Therefore in context of banks also we can say that development of Human Resources leads to all round development and it also makes them more dynamic and responsive to the environmental changes. The present paper focuses on the fact that the development of Indian banking system depends on the development of its human resources and also the challenges involved in the process. The main objective of the study is to identify the emerging HR challenges in Indian banks. The paper focuses on various issues faced by the banking industry in terms of its HR and what are the various strengths and weaknesses of it along with the threats and opportunities available for the same.

Key words:  HR practices, banking sector, Issues and Challenges, Human Resource Development (HRD), Human Resource Management (HRM)

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Singh (2013). Face of HR Practices in Today’s Scenario in Indian banks. International Journal of Application or Innovation in Engineering & Management (IJAIEM) , 2( 1). Chakrabarty (2012). Human Resource Management in Banks – Need for a New Perspective. Deputy Governor, Reserve Bank of India at the HR Conference of Public Sector Banks at Mumbai on June 1, 2012. Goyal and Josh (2012). Indian Banking Industry: Challenges and Opportunities. International Journal of Business Research and Management (IJBRM), 3 (1). Banking on soft skills Retrieved from http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/features/weekend-life/banking-on-soft-skills/article4877792.ece

Shireesh P. Singh

ASSESSMENT PRACTICES IN CONSTRUCTIVE CLASSROOMS

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4708/4713


The traditional classroom teaching which is apparently common in our schools  has been bookish in nature and centred around the walls of classrooms .Traditional teaching and learning is based on “transition” of knowledge from teacher to Learners. But recent trends has changed the present scenario which adopted the Constructivist approach that focuses more on innovative activities and knowledge acquisition as constructivism is more feasible in terms of Learning as they get opportunity to engage themselves in more creative and innovative practices. In this approach learner construct their own knowledge on the basis of physical environment and their personal experiences. Students participate in exploring, explaining and expanding. The constructivist teacher acts as a facilitator who creates suitable classroom environment that help the students in problem solving and inquiry based learning where students generate their own ideas, draw conclusions and inferences. Constructivism transforms student from a passive learner to an active learner where they construct their own knowledge rather than just receiving it mechanically so it is really need to transform our traditional system of Evaluation and assessment to cope with such type of innovative class rooms. This paper discuss the assessment techniques useful for constructivist classes 

Key work: Constructivist Approach, Assessment and Evaluation, Self Assessment 

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Boud, D. and Falchikov, N. (1989): Student Self Assessment in Higher Education: A Meta Analysis, www.jstor.org.com Boud, D. and McDonald, B. (2003): The Impact of Self Assessment on Achievement: The Effect of Self Assessment Training on Performance in External Examinations, Assessment in Education, Vol. 10, No. 2, July, 2003.

Arpit Khurana

COMPETITIVE STRATEGY TRENDS AMONG THE THREE AND FOUR-STAR RATING HOTELS OF TRI CITY: A STRATEGIC GROUP ANALYSIS

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4714/4724

 Purpose: The purpose of the study is to understand the various strategies followed by the three and four-star rating hotels of tri city (Chandigarh, Panchkula & Mohali) by taking into account Porter’s generic strategies as it remains one of the most widely accepted typology of strategic options for businesses. Using a survey, a sample of 90, three and four-star rating hotel managers from tri city (Chandigarh, Mohali & Panchkula) were questioned about their current strategic practices.

Design/methodology/approach: Firstly, hotels were chosen from various websites like Goibibo.com, Makemytrip.com and trivago.com under the three and four-star rating and then random sampling method is adopted for getting the questionnaire filled.

Findings: A factor analysis revealed that hotels are pursuing only two strategies that can be identified as those of Porter where as some new type of strategies evolved through analysis. Hotels mainly three star and four-star rating follows cost leadership and differentiation strategy but don’t have focus strategy orientation.

Research Implications: This study has its aim to analyze the strategies used in the tri city hotel industry and to determine if there is any evidence that could link these strategies to the generic strategies developed by Michael Porter.

Limitations: The limitation of the study is that it is confined to a small sample of tri city i.e. Chandigarh, Panchkula and Mohali.

Keywords: Generic strategies, strategic management, tri city, three and four-star rating hotels

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Allen, R. S., & Helms, M. M. (2006). Linking strategic practices and organizational performance to Porter's generic strategies. Business Process Management Journal, 12(4), 433-454. Borza. and O.N. Bordean, (2012). Implementation of SWOT analysis in Romanian hotel industry, International Scientific Journal: An Enterprise Odyssey: Tourism – Governance and Entrepreneurship. pp. 11-14 . Brotherton. (1999). Towards a definitive view of the nature of hospitality and hospitality management, International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, Vol. 11, No. 4, 1999, pp. 165-173.

Pawanpreet Kaur

SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF TRANSITION METAL COMPLEXES OF PENTADENTATE SCHIFF BASE LIGAND

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4725/4729

Transition metal complexes of pentadentate Schiff base ligand possessing ONNNO donor sites have been synthesized and characterized by infrared, electronic and elemental analysis. Various characterizations suggested the formation of Mn(II) and Co(II) and Cu(II) complexes having square pyramidal structures or square planar structures.

Keywords: Schiff base, metal complexes, pentadentate

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I. Bertini, H.B. Gray, S.J. Lippard, J.S. Valentine, Bioinorganic Chemistry, University Science Book, Mill Valley, CA, 1994. E.M. Nolan, S.J. Lippard, Chem. Rev. 108 (2008) 3443-3480. F.A. Cotton, G. Wilkinson, Advanced Inorganic Chemistry, 5th Ed., Wiley-Interscience Publication, John-Wiley & Sons, 1988. N.N. Greenwood, A. Earnshaw, Chemistry of the Elements, Maxwell Macmillan International Ed., 1989. D.W. Domaille, E.L. Que, C.J. Chang, Nat. Chem. Biol. 4 (2008) 168-175. A.P. de Silva, D.B. Fox, A.J.M. Huxley, Coord. Chem. Rev. 205 (2000) 41-57. N.R. Chereddy, S. Thennarasu, A.B. Mandal, Analyst 138 (2013) 1334-1337. E. Frieden, S. Osaki, H. Kobayashi, J. Gen. Physiol. 49 (1965) 213-252. D.A. Blake, R.M. Jones, R.C. Blake Ii, A.R. Pavlov, I.A. Darwish, H. Yu, Biosens. Bioelectron. 16 (2001) 799-809.

Anurag Asija

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF OCCUPATIONAL STRESS LEVEL AMONG SCHOOL AND COLLEGE TEACHERS

Jan-Feb,2017, Vol - 4/29, Page - 4730/4736

 

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Elementary Teacher’s Experience". M.Ed. Dissertation, University of Brock St. Cathorines, Ontario. Bharathi, T., Aruna and Raddy (2002) "Sources of Job stress among primary school teachers". Journal of community guidance and Research Vol. 19, No. 2 PP.247-253. Borg, M.G. & Riding, R.J. (1991) Stress in teaching a study of occupational stress and its determinants, Job satisfaction and career commitment among primary school teachers. Educational psychology, H. 1, 59-75.