FEB-MAR 2017, SRJHEL

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20
Imapct Factor: 3.801
ISSN: 2348-3083
Date: 04-Apr-2017

An International Peer Reviewed

Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies


Mrs. Archana Vadeyar & Smita Phatak

EFFECTIVENESS OF A PROGRAM TO AWAKEN EMPATHY IN ADOLESCENTS

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4412/4432

Empathetic behaviour in youth, can be beneficial for the youth as well as our nation and the world. Davis (1983) views empathy as, a multidimensional phenomenon including four subscales-perspective taking, fantasy, empathic concern and personal distress. The purpose of present study was to find the effectiveness of the program on the empathy level of Std. XI students. A sample of 70 students was randomly selected to undergo the community service program. Two unmatched group pre-test and post-test design usingDavis\' Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) (Davis, 1980) were used. Findings revealed a significant difference between means, of Empathic Concern, Perspective taking and Personal distress.This indicates that the Program had a positive impact on the Empathy level in terms of,Perspective taking and Personal distress and not on Empathic Concern. More Research is needed needs to be done by incorporating service programs in the regular schedule of adolescents between 14-20 years and study the effectiveness on their empathy and social responsibility level.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keywords: Effectiveness, Awaken, Adolescents, Empathy 

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Barr. J., Higgins-D' Alessandro. A. (2007). Adolescent empathy and prosocial behaviour in the multidimensional context of school culture. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 168, 2, 231-250. Felt. L. J. (2011). The origin of everything: Empathy in Theory and Practice. Unpublished manuscript. Furman. N., Sibthorp J. (2014). The development of prosocial behaviour in Adolescents: A mixed methods study from NOLS. Journal of experiential education, 37, 2, 160-175. Hakansson. J. and Adviser-Henry Montgomery (2003). Exploring the phenomenon of Empathy, Stockholm University. 91-7265-602-6. http://www.pewinternet.org/2013/03/13/teens-and-technology-2013 McDonald. N. M. and Messinger. D. S. (2011). The development of empathy: How, When, and Why? http://www.psy.miami.edu McKay. Cassandra. (2011). The resilient Community: Implications for out of school programming. Child Adolescence and Social Work Journal, 28,357-373. NCERT and UN population Fund (2015). Adolescent Education Programme (AEP) file:///F:/printpurpose/AboutAdolescenceEducationProgramme(AEP)AdolescenceEducationProgramme.html O'Neill. N. (2012). Promising practices for personal and social responsibility. Association of American Colleges and Universities. Ponder. J., Vander, Veldt, Genell, Lewis-Ferell. (2011). Citizenship, Curriculum and critical thinking beyond the four walls of the Classroom: Linking the academic content with service learning. Teacher Education Quarterly. Reed. V. A, Jernstedt. G. C, Hawley. J. K. (2005). Effects of a small-scale, very short-term service-learning experience on college students. Journal of Adolescence,28,3,359-368. Reinders. H., Youniss. J. (2005). School-Based Required Community Service and Civic development in Adolescents. Applied developmental Science, Vol.10, 2-12. Wood. D, Larson. W. R, Brown. J. R. (2009). How Adolescents come to see themselves as more responsible through participation in youth programs. Child development, 80, 1, 295-309.

Hansraj

ACTIVITY -BASED TEACHING - LEARNING STRATEGY IN LANGUAGE

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4433/4436

Language has been the backbone of our civilization . Language is the sign of intelligence.  No other animal on earth has been proven to have the ability to use language like people.  Language allows us to express our thoughts to other people, thus making our intent perfectly clear.  Without language, we would be forced to use grunts and hand signals that would make communication difficult, if not impossible.  Language is the invention that made life all the easier, so that we do not have to guess other people’s meanings. Language is a system of communication consisting of sounds, words and grammar, or the system of communication used by people in a particular country or type of work. Language can be used in many ways.  Most often, it is used to exchange concepts with others.  A simple conversation about the weather provides the opportunity for two people to share their idea about the current state; they may both be in agreement that the day is cold, and are able to acknowledge to each other that they, too, are cold as a result of the temperature.  Or, if the day is nice, they may be sharing a mutual enjoyment of the weather. Language can also express emotion.  The tone or inflection of the voice is a clear sign of a person’s feelings.  Also his or her choice of language may signal emotions above tone.  A person may use profanity to express strong emotions.

Language can help a person to clarify a thought.  Searching for the right word or phrase can best express a thought.  To simply say that an object is “nice” does not best suit a situation when a more descriptive word like “sublime,” “exquisite” or “beautiful” is a better indication of the degree to which one has associations with the object. Generally students are afraid of studying language specially English language because it is not our mother tongue and that is why student face difficulties in learning second language so ,pupil tend to learn language through a meaningful approach . Therefore for teachers as well students of language , learning methods are very important . Methods is nothing but a scientific way of presenting the subject, keeping in mind the psychological and physical requirement of the children. For effective learning of language the methods has to be good as content. There are various methods used in language learning . But activity based teaching – learning strategy is very useful in language learning. Now it is important to know what we mean by activity based teaching learning strategies and what includes in activity based teaching learning . Activity-based learningdescribes a range of pedagogical approaches to teaching. Its core premises include the requirement that learning should be based on doing some hands-on experiments and activities. The idea of activity-based learning is rooted in the common notion that children are active learners rather than passive recipients of information. If child is provided the opportunity to explore by their own and provided an optimum learning environment then the learning becomes joyful and long-lasting. The key feature of the activity based learning  method is that it uses child-friendly educational aids to develop self-learning and allows a child to study according to his/her aptitude and skill. Under the system, the curriculum is divided into small units, each a group of Self Learning Materials comprising attractively designed study cards for Englishscience and Social Science. When a child finishes a group of cards, he completes one "milestone". Activities in each milestone include games, rhymes, drawing, and songs to teach a letter or a word, form a sentence, do math and science, or understand a concept. The child takes up an Exam Card only after completing all the milestones in a subject. On a common chart, the milestones are arranged in the form of a ladder and the child knows exactly which milestone he completed in the last lesson. This is a child-friendly way to evaluate and reinforce learning. If a child is absent one day, he/she continues from where he/she left unlike in the old system where the children had to learn on their own what they missed out on. Therefore in this paper, the author has made an attempt to discuss about activity- based teaching- learning strategy in language

Keywords: Language learning, activity based learning, activity based teaching. 

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Abdelhamid T.S (2003).Evaluation of teacher student learning style disparity in construction management education, journal of construction education ,8(3),124-145. Betts,M and Liow, SR (1993) the relationship between teaching methods and educational objectives in building education , construction management and economics ,11,131-141. Bonwell, C AND Eison , J (1991). Active learning creating excitement in the classroom ASHE ERIC Higher education report retrived from www.oid.ucla.edu.active.learning -eric on 27th March 2012. Domin.DS(2007) student participation of when conceptual development occurs during laboratory instruction, chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2007, 8(2),140-152. National policy of education 1986. A report New Delhi Government of India ,MHRD, Department Of Education . KOLB .d.a(1984) Experimental learning. Englewood cliffs, NJ:Prentice Hall. Rama , D.V(ed)1998.Learning by doing ,Washington ,DC:American Association for Higher Education.

Waquar Ahmad Khan

URDU ENGLISH CODE SWITCHING AND CODE MIXING IN INDIA. A CASE STUDY OF THE USE OF URDU HINDI AT PHRASES AND CLAUSES LEVELS IN INDIAN HINGLISH (HINDI ENGLISH)

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4437/4446

 Social and communicative significance of code switching and code mixing has been well researched by sociolinguists worldwide; this paper aims to discuss how code switching and code mixing affect the languages in contact. The study sets out to investigate Urdu-English code switching  and mixing at different levels with the basic aim to understand about how influence of English is generating a new variety of Hindi/ Urdu  English language. The study sets out to investigate Urdu-English code switching at phrase and clause level. This paper suggests that variations and changes in a language are an integral part of bilingualism and multilingualism. All the present data shows that the occurrences of various Urdu phrases and clauses impose no ungrammatical effect on the construction of English syntax.

Keywords: code switching, code mixing, linguistic patterns, grammatical constraints, structural factors

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Abbi, Anvita. 1986. Studies in Bilingualism. New Delhi: Bahri Publications. Aranoff, M. and Rees – Miller, J. (2003). The Handbook Of Linguistics. Blackwell Publishers: Oxford. Beg, M.K.A. 1979. “The Planning and Development of Urdu in India”. Paper Presented at National Seminar on Urdu Sociolinguistics. UTRC (CIIL). Vol. 22:2 (June), pp. 1-33. Beg, M.K.A. 1996. Sociolinguistic Perspective of Hindi and Urdu in India. New Delhi: Bahri Publications. Brutt-Griffler, Janina (2002) World Englishes: A Study of Its Development. Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters. Cheshire, Jenny (1991) English around the World: Linguistic Perspective.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Crystal, D. (1987). The Cambridge Encyclopedia Of Language. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.

Hema R Bhadawkar

A STUDY OF ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF B ED STUDENTS IN RELATION TO THEIR SELF ESTEEM

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4447/4462

Self-esteem is the one key ingredient that affects the level of proficiency in all fields of endeavour. Self-esteem has been correlated to: job success, school achievement, interpersonal compatibility, and general happiness (Redenbach, 1991). The author was curious to know if Self Esteem was a correlate of academic achievement of B Ed students. The participants of the study were 1037 students were drawn proportionately from 14 B Ed colleges. The findings reveal that there is a positive, negligible and significant relationship between Academic Achievement and Self-esteem among the participants. The results show the need to focus on boosting the self -image and self -esteem of students so as to enhance their confidence and levels of aspirations and through that, their motivation to become competent and professional teachers.

Keywords: Self Esteem, Academic Achievement, student teachers 

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Blake and Slate. (1993).Internal/External Locus of Control, Self-Esteem, and Parental Verbal Interaction of At-Risk Black Male Adolescents. The journal of social psychology, 134(3), 45-48. Blascovich, J., & Tomaka J. (1991). Measures of self-esteem. In J. P. Robinson & P. R. Judy and Arin. (2004). The Relationship of Coping, Self-Worth, and Subjective WellBeing. Rehabil Couns Bull, 53(3), 131-142. Kelly, K. R. ft Jordan, L. K. (1990). Effects of academic achievement and gender on academic and social self-concept: A replication study. Journal of Counseling and Development, 69, 173- 177. Lawrence, D. (2000). Building self-esteem with adult learners. California. Loomans, Diana & Loomans, Julia. (1994) 100 Ways to Build Self-Esteem and Teach Values. New York: H.J. Kramer Press. Maruyama, G. M., Rubin, R. A., & Kingsbury, G. G. (1981). Self-esteem and educational achievement: Independent constructs with a common cause? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 40(5), pp. 623-655. Redenbach, S.,(1991). Self-Esteem, the Necessary Ingredient for Success. Esteem Seminar Programs and Publications, USA. Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the adolescent self-image. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. Tootoonchi, A. (1993). College education in prisons: the inmates’ perspectives. Federal probation, 57, 37-40

Homesh Rani Gaur

EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE FOR BETTER WORLDLINESS

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4463/4466

 

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Neeta Sharma, Aaditya Godara & Mahendra Singh

GANDHI AND DHARMA

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4467/4472

 

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P.V. Kane, Dharma Shastra ka Itihas,U.P. Hindi Sansthan, 1963, Part-I, Ch.-1,pg.-no.3 HH Shri Bhadriya ji Maharaj, Manav Kalyan Ka Rajmarg, SBP Charitable Trust, 2011,pg-no. 26 Ibid, 11Tirukural, 34th Kural. P.V. Kane, Dharma Shastra ka Itihas,U.P. Hindi Sansthan, 1963, Part-I, Ch.-1,pg.-no.5 Joseph J. Doke, ‘M.K.Gandhi ‘, 1909, p.7. M.K. Gandhi, My Religion , Navjivan Trust, 1955, p.3 ibid Prarthna Pravachan, 19-10-1947 Harijan, 28-04-1946/ M.K. Gandhi, My Religion, Navjeeven Trust,1955, p-3 Shri Morari Bapu, Ramkatha- Parmarth Niketan, June 2015, day-2. Prof. B.M.Sharma , Gandhi Darshan ke vibhinna Aayam, Rajasthan Hindi Granth Academy p 118. ibid THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA, Central Law Publication , p.1. Shah Bano vs her husband, Government enacted a n ordinance.

A. Anand & R. Annadurai

ADJUSTMENT PATTERN OF B.Ed., TRAINEES IN RAMANATHAPURAM DISTRICT

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4473/4480

 

The main objective of this study is to find out the level of adjustment pattern among B.Ed., trainees with regard to the background variables namely gender, marital status, age, subject studying, and locality of the colleges. Adjustment Pattern inventory developed by A.K.P Sinha and R.P Singh (1995) are used to collect relevant data. The sample consists of 148 B.Ed., trainees from five Colleges of Education in Ramanathapuram District. The data are analysed by ‘t’ test and ANOVA. The result indicates that there is significant difference among B.Ed., trainees with regard to the background variables namely gender, marital status, subject studying, and there was no significant difference between age and locality of colleges. 

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Aggarwal J. C. (1995). Essential of Educational Psychology, VIKAS Publication, New Delhi. Mangle S. K. (2006). Advanced Educational Psychology, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi. Basu, S. (2012), Adjustment of Secondary School Students, Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies, 1(3), 430-38. Chauhan, V. (2013). A study on adjustment of higher secondary school students of Durg district, IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education, 1(1) 50-52. Chen, F.S., Lin, Y.M. & Tu, C.A. (2006). A Study of the Emotional Intelligence and Life Adjustment of Senior High School Students, World Transactions on Engineering and Technology Education Vol.5, No.3, 473-476. Dickens, W.T. (2006). Cognitive Ability, The New Dictionary of Economics, Steve Durlauf (ed). Kaur, S. (2012), A Study of Adjustment of High School students in Relation to Their Achievement, Sex and Locality, International Journal of Research in Education, Methodology Council For Innovative Research, 1(2), 18-21.

Sunanda Roy

USING COOPERATIVE LEARNING TO ACCOMMODATE THE VAK MODEL IN CLASSROOMS

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4481/4485

In a constructivist classroom the role of the teacher is not to disseminate information, but to become a facilitator to help students actively construct their own knowledge. Individual differences among students have highlighted the fact that each of us has different learning styles. There are three learning modalities or learning styles: Visual, Auditory and Kinaesthetic. This is also known as the VAK model. Researches have indicated the importance of utilising different instructional or teaching strategies to accommodate different learning styles and promote students’ academic achievement. Cooperative learning is the instructional use of small groups so that students work together to maximize their own and each other’s learning. The present paper attempts to show how the three learning styles can be accommodated using examples of Cooperative Learning teaching strategies as classroom activities. These activities encourage learners become active during the teaching learning process, which is the core feature of constructivism.

Keywords: Constructivism, Learning Styles, VAK Model, Cooperative Learning 

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Bachmann, C. H. (2010). Using Learning Styles as a Group Selection Technique. This paper was completed and submitted in partial fulfillment of the Master Teacher Program, Center for Teaching Excellence, United States Military Academy, West Point, New York, 2010. Retrieved March 12, 2017 from http://www.usma.edu/cfe/Literature/Bachmann_10.pdf Fayombo, G. (2015). Learning Styles, Teaching Strategies and Academic Achievement among some Psychology Undergraduates in Barbados. Caribbean Educational Research Journal, 3. (2). 46 - 61. Retrieved March 16, 2017 from https://www.cavehill.uwi.edu/fhe/education/volume-3,-number-2/volume-3-number-2/article-grace-fayombo.aspx

Shri. Vinod Nakul Gavit

A STUDY OF LEADERSHIP STYLE OF TEACHERS ON THE BASIS OF GENDERAT SECONDARY SCHOOLS OF THANE DISTRICT

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4486/4493

 Leadership concerned with the role of a teacher is to create followers who in due course become responsible leader to carry forward the developmental process. As a leader, one must envision the future and personality and believe that one can make a difference. Effective leader supply a shared vision and inspire people to achieve more than they may have dreamt possible. Leadership is necessary for shaping a group of people into a team as a source of competitive business advantage. The present paper highlights the Study of Leadership Style of Teachers on the Basis of Genderat Secondary Schools of Thane District.

Keywords: Gender, Leadership style, Secondary School Teacher.

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Alonderiene, Raimonda; Majauskaite, Modesta (2016). Leadership Style and Job Satisfaction in Higher Education Institutions. International Journal of Educational Management, v30 n1 p140-164 2016. Avci, Ahmet (2016). Effect of Leadership Styles of School Principals on Organizational Citizenship Behaviors. Educational Research and Reviews, v11 n11 p1008-1024. Chow, Alice W. K. (2016). Teacher Learning Communities: The Landscape of Subject Leadership. International Journal of Educational Management, v30 n2 p287-307. Kadi, Aysegül (2015). Investigating Teachers' Organizational Socialization Levels and Perceptions about Leadership Styles of Their Principals. Journal of Education and Training Studies, v3 n4 p101-109.

Shri. Vinod Nakul Gavit

A STUDY OF LEADERSHIP STYLE OF TEACHERS ON THE BASIS OF EXPERIENCEAT SECONDARY SCHOOLS OF THANE DISTRICT

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4494/9501

 The leadership style is the result of the philosophy, personality and experience of the leader. What the leader does determines how well he leads. A style of leadership is relatively enduring set of behavior of individual, regardless of the situation. Different situations call for different leadership style. In an emergency when there is little time to converge on an agreement and where a designated authority has significantly more experience or expertise than the rest of the team, autocratic leadership style may be most effective; however, in a highly motivated and aligned team with homogeneous level of expertise, a more democratic or laissez-faire style may be more effective. The present paper highlights the Study of Leadership Style of Teachers on the Basis of Experienceat Secondary Schools of Thane District.

Keywords: Experience, Leadership style, Secondary School Teacher. 

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Alonderiene, Raimonda; Majauskaite, Modesta (2016). Leadership Style and Job Satisfaction in Higher Education Institutions. International Journal of Educational Management, v30 n1 p140-164 2016. Avci, Ahmet (2016). Effect of Leadership Styles of School Principals on Organizational Citizenship Behaviors. Educational Research and Reviews, v11 n11 p1008-1024. Chow, Alice W. K. (2016). Teacher Learning Communities: The Landscape of Subject Leadership. International Journal of Educational Management, v30 n2 p287-307. Kadi, Aysegül (2015). Investigating Teachers' Organizational Socialization Levels and Perceptions about Leadership Styles of Their Principals. Journal of Education and Training Studies, v3 n4 p101-109.

Gigi. K. Varghese & K Sambath Rani

INCLUSIVE EDUCATION FOR STUDENTS WITH INTELLECTUALLY DISABLED- A BOON OR CURSE

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4502/4509

Inclusive Education denotes to facilitate all children irrespective of their strengths and weaknesses will be part of the mainstream education. The feeling of belongingness amid all community members – teachers, students and other functionaries is developed through inclusive education. Inclusive education strives to deal with the learning requirements of children with special needs, with a meticulous focus on those who are subject to being inaccessible and excluded. Lack of flexibility in curriculum, inability to tend for themselves and thus being bullied by others in the class and not getting adequate attention from the teachers are common issues. Majority of students in India irrespective of practice of inclusive education do not receive formal education. This is mainly because those children with disabilities are segregated from mainstream schools and other regular routines and social activities in normal children. Other causative factors to this condition are lack of affordability and knowledge on the type of education choices accessible to children with special needs. Inclusive education becomes a key reason for integrating a special child with the mainstream. Critical feature of inclusive education for a special needs child is, in having the acceptance and friendship of classmates. This kind of support also aids in the progress of special children and helps them to gain confidence within the school environment. This paper reflects on the attitude of teacher educators on the inclusive education of students with intellectual disability 

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Al-Khatteeb, J. (2004). Teaching students in inclusive schools. Dar Waal. Amman, Jordan. Disability Status in India (2003). Rehabilitation Council of India, New Delhi. Hannah, M. E. (1998). Teacher attitudes toward children with disabilities: an ecological analysis. In: YUKER, H. E. (ED) Attitudes toward persons with disabilities. New York: Springer, pp. 154-171. Hegarty, S. and Alu r M. (2005). Education and Children with Special Needs, Sage Publications, New Delhi. Leyser, Y. Kapperman, G, and Keller, R. (1994). Teacher attitudes toward mainstreaming: A cross-cultural study in six nations. European Journal of Special Needs Education. 9, 1-15. Puri, M and Abraham, A. (2004). Handbook of Inclusive Education for Educators, Administrators, and planners. Sage Publications, New Delhi. Bothma, M., Gravett, S. & Swart, E. (2000). The attitudes ofprimary school teachers towards inclusive education. South Afiican Journal of Education: 20 (3): 200-204 Clark, C., Dyson, A. & Milward, A.eds (1995). Towards inclusive schools. London: FultonPublishers. Engelbrecbt, P., Swart, E. & Ellof, I. (1999). Stress and coping skills of the teachers with aleamerwith. Downs' syndrome in inclusive classrooms. South African Journal of Education.21(4): 256-259.

Kanchana Devi & Surender Kumar Sharma

A STUDY OF VALUE PATTERNS OF PROSPECTIVE PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS IN RELATION TO GENDER, TYPE OF INSTITUTION, STREAM OF STUDY

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4510/4523

The main purpose of the research was to study the value patterns of prospective primary school teachers as they are the future teachers and many times become the role models of their students. Primary school teachers are holding important responsibility in shaping the future of small children as they are foundation of our future. The researcher took 640 prospective primary school teachers from 14 institutions which provide junior basic teaching training from twelve districts of Himachal Pradesh. The sample was selected randomly. Value patterns scale by R.K. Ojha and M. Bhargava was used for the study. The analysis and interpretation of the data was done by calculating the mean scores of the values.

Keywords: Value, Value Patterns, Prospective Primary School Teachers, Gender, Type of Institution, Stream of Study 

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Dhull, I.G.M. and Mahashewta (2005). Value patterns of B.Ed pupil teachers in relation to sex, intelligence and socio – economic status. Journal of Education, Vol. 1, No.2, pp 84 – 90. Garret, Henry, E. (1966). Statistics in Psychology and Education Bombay: vakils, Feffer and Simons Ltd. Koul, Lokesh. (1974). Factorial study of the differentiating values of popular teachers. Journal of psychological research, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp.8-11. Kripal, P. (1987). Values in education. In C.L.Sapra & Y.Agarwal.Education in India-some critical issues. New Delhi: Sterling publishers pvt Ltd. Kulshretha. S.P. (1979). Emerging value patterns of teachers and new trends of education in India. New Delhi: Light and Life Publishers.

Mohd Farooq Mirza , MohdArif Hussain Bhat & Nishat Qureshi

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF WORKING AND NON-WORKING UNMARRIED WOMEN IN SOUTH KASHMIR WITH RESPECT TO LEVEL OF EDUCATION

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4524/4529

 The present study is related with A Comparative Study of Working and Non-Working Unmarried Women in South Kashmir With respect to Level of Education. The study was conducted on 400 unmarried women whose educational qualification was 10th and above and who were in the age range of 18 to 35. The study was conducted in four districts of south Kashmir namely Anantnag, Kulgam, Pulwama and Shopian. 100 unmarried women were selected from each district by using purposive sampling, out of which 50 were working and 50 were non-working. Level of education was measured by using self-constructed information schedule by the researcher. The findings of the study revealed that among working unmarried women district Pulwama possessed the highest qualification with M.A. (20%) followed by Anantnag with B.Ed. (24%),Kulgam with B.A. (40%) and shopian with B.A. (30%). Similarly among the non-working unmarried women the district Shopian had the highest qualification with 10+2 (50%), followed by Pulwama with 10+2 (30%), Kulgam with 10th (50%), and Anantnag with 10th (40%).

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Aggarwal, J.C. 1983: Development and Planning of Modern Education, Vikas Publishing House, New Delhi. Buch, M.B. (Ed.): A Survey of Research in Education Baroda; Centre of Advanced Study in Education, 1974. Buch, M.B. (Ed.): Second Survey of Research in Education, Baroda: Society for Educational Research and Development, 1979. Buch, M.B. (Ed.): Third Survey of Research in Education, New Delhi, NCERT, 1986. Buch, M.B. (Ed.): Fourth Survey of Research in Education. Volume I &II New Delhi, NCERT, 1991.

Ms. Gauri Ratnakar Varade

MAKE GRAMMAR FUN USING GRAPHIC ORGANIZERS

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4530/4533

Human being are so fortunate as they can communicate and for effective communication we all need language. Whenever the word \\\'language\\\' comes, we can remember one more word i.e. \\\'grammar\\\'. Still  many people speak their own, native language without studied its grammar. Children also start speaking before they even know the word “grammar”. But when it comes to learn any foreign language, grammar can help you to learn a language more quickly and more efficiently.” Here the importance of grammar lies. The role of teacher is again considered important. Graphic Organizers can be used for effective teaching learning process. There are many types of graphic organizers those can be used to teach grammar. Here few of them are discussed like Web, Mind Map and Concept Map.

Key Words:- Grammar, Language, Graphic Organizers, Web, Mind Map and Concept Map 

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Graphic Organizers.(n.d.) Retrieved February, 2016 from http://www.enchantedlearning.com. Graphic Organizers.(n.d.). Retrieved June, 2016 from http://www.enchantedlearning.com Teaching And Learning With Graphic Organizer. (n.d.) retrieved June, 2015 from http://www.inspiration.com Varade & Vartak (2015).'Using Graphic Organizers for the Successful Inclusion with different Learning Styles. Paper presented in the International Conference on Inclusive Education, Pune.

Anand Bhalerao

INDEBTEDNESS AND FARMERS SUICIDE IN VIDARBHA REGION, MAHARASHTRA

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4534/4544

Indian agriculture is backbone of the Indian Economy. After the independence of India the Government starts the development through Five Year Plans overall development of the country. In the First and Third Five Year Plan the Government gave the top priority to the agriculture development, irrigation, education and health sector. In the Third Five Year Plan government give the top priority to the use the High Yield Varity Seeds, use of insecticide, use of Pesticide and mechanization of farming in the state of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. With the emergence of the green revaluation in 1960 onwards not only the agriculture production is increased but also India become self sufficient in food grains production. In some part of the India only one cash crops were producing the farmers then the crop failure, heavy rains, double sowing of the seeds, drought, untimely rains, low market rates, control of the businessman on the market, no cold storage for the store of the production of farmers and the government policies related to the agriculture goes in against to the farmers. After 1991 adaptation the Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization policy in India problem of Farmers’ Suicide is one of the vital concerns that need to be addressed by the Government. The government of India and Government of Maharashtra are trying to control the farmer’s suicide in the vidarbha region. The Government declares the Special Packages for this region. From 1995 to till 2016 more than 60, 750 thousand of farmers are committed suicide in the region and 2, 92 400 farmers committed suicide in allover India. So it is alarming of the sector for the agriculture and one major social problem as a farmer’s suicide is increased in Rural India.

Keywords: cotton, white-fly, suicides, indebtedness, agrarian crisis. 

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Dr. Narendra Jadhav (July, 2008), Farmers Suicide and Debt Waivers an Action Plan for Agricultural Development of Maharashtra Report submitted to Government of Maharashtra. N.C.R.B. Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India. New Delhi: Ministry of Home Affairs. Various Years. Mishra S. Suicide mortality rates across states of India, 1975-2001: a statistical note. Economic and Political Weekly 2006; 41(16): 1566-1569. Nagaraj K. (2008.) Farmers’ Suicides in India: Magnitudes, Trends and Spatial Patterns. Chennai: Bharathi Puthakalayam. Ajay Dandekar, Shahaji Narawade, Ram Rathod, Rajesh Ingle, Vijay Kulkarni, and Sateppa Y. D. (2005) Causes of Farmer Suicides in Maharashtra: AN ENQUIRY Final Report Submitted to the Mumbai High Court, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Rural Campus, P.B. No. 9, Tuljapur, Dist. Osmanabad Pin 413602.

Sunil Kumar

IN-SERVICE TRAINING PROGRAMMES ORGANISED BY DISTRICT INSTITUTES OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING IN HIMACHAL PRADESH

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4545/4561

 The present paper is an attempt to study the status of in-service training programme for elementary teachers organized by the DIETs of Himachal Pradesh. Two mega projects in school education like SSA and RMSA are being implemented by DIETs in Himachal Pradesh. In these projects there is a provision of in-service training programme for school teachers. Every year, every DIET of Himachal Pradesh organized various types of training programme for all Categories of teachers. This paper mainly focused on in-service training of elementary teachers in terms of need assessment, planning and implementation of the training programme. Efforts had been made by the researcher to investigate the design of the training programme, use of ICT, training techniques and strategies adopted by the resource persons and teacher- educators of DIETs. In this research work efforts had also been made to assess the quality and types of training material provided by DIETs for in-service trainees. It has been observed that after the completion of training programme no mechanism is adopted for monitoring and evaluation of these training programmes. This practice leads to wastage of time and resources provided by government for organization of these training programmes. In this paper the investigator also made efforts to see whether in real way some mechanism adopted by DIETs to monitor and evaluate the in-service training programme in real class room situation after the completion of training programme. The views of Heads of elementary schools have also been assessed to validate the information gathered by the in-service teachers.

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Abuhmaid, A. (2011). ICT training courses for teacher professional development in Jordon. Turkish online Journal of Educational Technology, 10 (4) 195-210. Agarwal, V.P. & Kamalesrao, G. (1997). The quality of in-service teacher training programmes for primary school teachers-An appraisal study. NCERT, New Delhi. Annual Work Plan and Budget SSA-RTE 2013-14, Himachal Pradesh. State Project Office, Shimla. Arora, G.L. & Panda, P. (1999). Restructuring teacher education: need for paradigm shift. University News, 37 (20), 1-9. Azim Premji Foundation (2010). A brief report on the status of DIETs in the states of India. Doddakanneli, Surjapur, Banglore. pp. 1-7. Chauhan, D., Sharma, B. & Rawat, J. (2008). In-service teacher training programme under SSA in Sunni educational block of Shimla. Micro research study under SSA, Shimla, H.P. .Dhawan, K. (2003). Evaluation of In-Service Teacher Training Programmes for Primary School Teachers in DPEP Districts of Himachal Pradesh. Ph.D. Thesis, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla, pp. 159. Gafoor, A.P.K. & Ayiashabi, T.C. (1998). Existing service conditions of DIETs’ teachers: An evaluation study. The Educational Review, 4, 13-14. .Gosh, S.C. (1995). The History of Education in Modern India-1757-1998. Orient Longman Ltd. New Delhi, pp. 197- 199. Government of India (1989). DIET Guideline. MHRD, Government of India, New Delhi, pp. 8-9. Government of India (1992). NPE Programme of Action. MHRD, Department of Education, New Delhi, pp. 18-22.

C. Jeba Evangeline & S. Devasahayam Selvakumar

ENRICHING MENTAL TOUGHNESS AMONG THE STUDENTS IN HIGHER EDUCATION

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4562/4565

The purpose of this paper will be to enrich mental toughness among the students in higher education. Today’s busy world doesn’t lend itself to make much time available for quiet reflection. Create time to reflect upon the students’ progress toward developing mental toughness. At the end of each day, ask the students what they’ve learned about their thoughts, emotions and behavior. Consider what they hope to improve upon or accomplish tomorrow. Developing mental toughness is a work in progress. There is always room for improvement, and at times this will seem more difficult than at other times. Reflecting upon their progress can reinforce their ability to reach their definition of success while living according to their values. This article presents information about mental toughness among the students.

Key words: Mental toughness, Positive Behaviour, Control, Commitment, Confidence 

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McGeown, S.P., St Clair-Thompson, H. & Clough, P. (2015). The study of non-cognitive attributes in education: proposing the mental toughness framework. Educational Review. [Online] (September). p.pp. 1–18. Nicholls, A.R., Polman, R.C.J., Levy, A.R. & Backhouse, S.H. (2008). Mental toughness, optimism, pessimism, and coping among athletes. Personality and Individual Differences. 44 (5). p.pp. 1182–1192.

Pratibha Bhaskar Dhake

VYAKTIMATWA VIKAS V YOG

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4566/4569

 

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Jayashri P. Jadhav

ROLE OF YOGA IN ADOLESCENCE

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4570/4574

 

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SwamiKuvalayananda (1933), Asanas, Kaivalyadhama, Lonavla SwamiKuvalayananda (1966), Pranayama, Kaivalyadhama, Lonavla SwamiKuvalayananda (1933), Phisiological and Spiritual value of Pranayama, Yoga MimamsaVol.IV:4, pp 306-316. Sharma, B.R.( 2005), Food in Indian Perspective: An Analytical Study ,Yoga Mimamsa, Vol. XXXVII: 1 & 2, pp. 84-98. Sharma, B. R. ( 2006), Integration of Yoga in Contemporary Education System, Yoga Vijnana, Inaugural Issue MDNIY, New Delhi, Bengali Baba (1949), Patanjala Yoga Sutra with Vyasa’s Commentary, N. R. Bhargava, 3 Line Bazar, East Kirkee, Pune 411 003. https://moayush.wordpress.com/2016/06/18/role-of-yoga-in-adolescence/

Sunil Kishan Pachange

EFFECT OF SELECTED SKIPPING-ROPE EXERCRISE ON EXPLOSIVE STRENGTH OF LEG OF VOLLEYBALL PLAYERS

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4575/4577

 

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Betty A. Pacheco., “Improvement in vertical jumping performance due to preliminary exercise”, Research Quarterly, 28, 1957, pp 55-65. Clayne, R. Jenson., and Garth A. Fisher., Scientific Basic of Athletic Conditioning. Lead and Febiger, Philadelphia, 1972, p.63. Charles Luce., “Mechanical Analysis of Jumping in Basket ball”, Athletic Journal, 44, 1964, pp.44. Clayne, R. Jension., Garth A. Fisher., Scientific Basic of Athletic conditioning, Lea and Febiger, Philadephia, 1972, p.63 D.G. Della, “Individual difference in foot leverage in relation to jumping performance”, Research Quarterly, 21, 1950, pp. 184-194. Edward Chui., “The effect of systematic weight training on athletic power” Research Quarterly, 21, 1950, pp. 184-194. Edwin, A. Fleishman, The Structure and Measurement of Physical Fitness, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J. 1964. Harison, H. Clark, Application of Measurement to Health and Physical Education, Prentice-Hall, New York, 1954.

Deepak Saudagar

MALLAKHAMB KHELADUNCHYA EKAGRATA V SAMNVYA YA GHATKANVAR YOGIK PRAKRIYANCHA PARINAM ABHYASANE

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4578/4583

 

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Dilip Jadhav

TANDURUSTI V CHALANE

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4584/4591

 

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Raviraj A. Vatne

ROLE OF YOGA IN PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4592/4595

 This paper discusses yoga as a potential tool for children to deal with stress and regulate themselves. Yoga provides training of mind and body to bring emotional balance. We argue that children and young people need such tools to listen inward to their bodies, feelings, and ideas. Yoga may assist them in developing in sound ways, to strengthen themselves, and be contributing social beings. First, we address how children and young people in today’s world face numerous expectations and constant stimulation through the Internet and other media and communication technologies. One reason why children experience stress and mental health challenges is that globalization exposes the youth all over the world to various new demands, standards, and options. There is also increased pressure to succeed in school, partly due to increased competition but also a diverse range of options available for young people in contemporary times than in the past. A main concept in our article is that yoga may help children and young people cope with stress and thus, contribute positively to balance in life, well-being, and mental health. We present research literature suggesting that yoga improves children’s physical and mental well-being. Similarly, yoga in schools helps students improve resilience, mood, and self-regulation skills pertaining to emotions and stress.

Keywords:  Personality, youth, mental and physical health, yoga

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Heart of yoga - T.k.v deshikachar Patanjali yoga sutra – Swami prabhavananda Patanjali yoga sutra – Shri shri ravishankar

Smt Patil Sujata Shivajirao

THE ROLE OF YOGA IN HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4596/4601

Human resources management is a part and parcel of every sector which is  the process of managing people in a structured manner with a focuson developing a work force which can effectively help the organisation to meet its objectives. In the frenetic world of today where management principles are being turned on their heads there are some principles and precepts which are constant and which can help in the development of human resources in such a way that the health of the organization and the health of the bottom line is safeguarded. In this paper we will see how the techniques and practices of Yoga - a time-tested oriental science - may be helpful.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keywords: Yoga  Occupational health  Yoga techniques  Human Resource Development 

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Gilbreath, B. and M.U. Montesino, 2006. Expanding the HRD Role: Improving Employee Well-being and Organisational Performance. Human Resource Development International, 9(4): 563-571. Seaward, B.L., 1994. Managing stress: principles and strategies for health and well-being. Jones and Bartlett. Girdano, D., G.S. Everly and D.E. Dusek, 2009. Controlling Stress and Tension. Benjami

Minakshi H. Gawali

EFFECTS OF YOGA NIDRA PROGRAMME WITH TRADITIONAL COACHING OF VOLLEYBALL SKILLS OF COLLEGE AGE MALE PLAYERS

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4602/4607

\"\"The purpose of the present study is to find out effectiveness of ICT programme and Yoga Nidra programme along with traditional teaching method of volleyball skills. To achieve this purpose researcher selected 45 college age volleyball male players (mean age=19.8 ± 0.561) in Nashik. They were assigned into three equal groups (n=15 in each group) viz., group A (Traditional training group), group B (Traditional training along with ICT programme) and group C (Traditional training along with ICT programme & Yoga Nidra programme). For teaching Volleyball skills three different training methods were used. Traditional teaching method was used to coach volleyball pass and services to A group; for coaching same skills to other group (B) along with traditional method audio-visual aids were used while for coaching third group (C) combination of Yoga Nidra programme, and use of audio-visual aids will be one along with traditional method. AAHPER (1996) passing test and serving tests were administered before and after implementing four weeks of training. The scores of these tests were compared by using ANOVA and Scheffee’s post-hoc test. It is concluded that, both use of ICT and Yoga Nidra + ICT programmes along with traditional method of teaching are effective over traditional teaching method and it is also concluded that Yoga Nidra programme is most effective over rest of the two methods.

Keywords: Yoga Nidra, traditional teaching method, ICT, Volleyball skills. 

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Derasat, Proceedings of the 2nd Scientific Sports Conference, Special Issue 2, 157-171. Alhasan, E., and Altayeb, N. (2011). Reality of Using Instructional Media and its Importance in Teaching the “Science in Our Life” Course for the 7th Graders in Sudan from the Perspective of Teachers in Alkartoom County. Research Journal of Al-Quds Open University, 1(24), 147-188. Dale, E. (1996). Audio-visual methods in teaching. New York: Dryden Press. Faghihi, I., Abdoli, B. and Namazizade, M. (2006). Comparison of effect of specialized and interference training on basketball free shot. Journal of Harekat, 33: 23-34.

Sopan Jadhav

YOGA CULTURE FOR PERSINALITY DEVELOPMENT

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4608/4611

 

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Jaydeep Nikam & Minakshi H. Gawali

YOGA IN SCHOOL COMMUNITIES

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4612/4613

 

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Bajirao Pekhale

YOGA NIDRA FOR STRESS MANAGEMENT

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4614/4616

 

,18,10,11,20,12,7,6,21,16,14,9,5,1,8,22,13,17,15,19

Stangor, C. (1998). Using SPSS for Windows. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company. Vincent, W. J. (1995). Statistics in Kinesiology. Champaign: Human Kinetics. American College of sports medicine. (1991)Guidelines for exercise testing and prescription.

Rahul S. Sonavane

MORAL/ ETHICAL DILEMMA AND CONSCIENCE IN ALEXANDER SOLZHENITSYN’S THE FIRST CIRCLE

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4617/4619

\"\"Alexander Solzhenitsyn is a socially conscious writer and is acutely aware of the spiritual dilemmas of modern man. In the novel The First Circle , Innokenty Volodin faces Moral/Ethical dilemma. He sticks to his conscience. Gleb Nerzin also holds the Volodins views of conscience. 

Keywords: Moral/ Ethical Dilemma, Conscience, Alexander Solzhenitsyn 

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Ericson, Edward (2010) “Literature and the Realm of Moral Values” Religion and Liberty: 20(2) : 2, 12&13. McKay, John (1965) “Alexander Solzhenitsyn’s Novel The First Cicle” University of British Columbia. Shin (1985) “Conscience, Lie, and Suffering in Solzhenitsyn’s The First Circle” Retrieved from https://isistatic.org/journal-archive/ma/29_04/shin.pdf

Milind Tayade

THERE IS NO ONE WHO HAS MONOPOLY ON MERIT AND INTELLENGENCE

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4620/4625

 

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S.S.C. Board Result Bulletin, Nashik, Maharashtra 1993 to 2005 UPSC Result Bulletin, Govornment of India.2006 Dr. Milind Tayade -There is no one who has monopoly on Merit and Intelligence reservation is must for representation - Trirashmi Vichar Prakashan Nashik - 2000. Human Rights Watch report – broken people – caste violence Against India’s untouchables – 1999 pp 300, Human Rights Watch, New York T. s. Begum and M. Phukan ‘Correlation Between Academic Achievement and Intelligence’. Indian Psychological Review, Vol. 65, special issue, Agra. 2005 S. Adhikari and J. Mandal ‘The Effect of Rural Deprivation on Intelligence of the School Going Adolescents’ Asian Journal of Psychology and Education Vol. 39, No. 3-4, Agra, 2006

Shinde Narayan Ambu

BHARTIY PURATSHASTRACHE JANAK PURATTADNYA SIR JON MARSHAL

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4626/4628

 

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A. K. Shinde

THE FOREGION CURENCY AND THE INDIAN TOURISM INDUSTRY

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4629/4636

 Tourism industry has contributed enormously in the flourishing graph of India\'s economy by attracting a huge number of both foreign and domestic tourists travelling for professional as well as holiday purpose. Terror, threat, swine flu scare and hike in air fares and above all the great economies depression hit the tourism sector hard in 2009 with number of foreigners visiting the country dropping by over 6% foreign tourist arrivals continued to dip despite the visit India 2009 scheme launched by the government offering several concessions to woo tourists. This paper focuses on the impact of global economic meltdown on tourism industry in India as a whole with the case study of Lucknow city. Tour operators, hoteliers and other government officials of tourism were interviewed and make out the problems and prospectus of tourism industry. it also helps to analyze the remedial measures which could be taken at the time of recession.

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V.K.Shukla's Economic Recession: Crisis and Economic Indicators (2009) published by pratham books. Shubhra Tondon's Global recession fails to affect tourism industry business Daily from The Hindu group publication, Monday Jan 52009. Kunal agrawal' s the economic recession is also an opportunity for career advancement. Published in times ascent Tuesday June -30 2009.

Surajkumar S. Prasad

THE STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: COMPARISON AND COMPLIMENTARY BETWEEN QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE APPROACHES

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4637/4645

The purpose of this study is compared strengths and weaknesses of qualitative and quantitative research methodologies in social science fields. Reviewed recent secondary resources, there is no best approach between both research methodologies due to existing strengths and weaknesses among both types of research methodologies. To plan and implement a research, choosing either one research methodology will still be occurred strengths and weaknesses for the research. This common study only based on existing secondary data and sources to interpret results. No primary data approach on this study due to sufficient source and data from secondary resources. The defined cases have proven that complementary approach between qualitative and quantitative approaches for a same research topic may provide expected results as both references better than just thoroughly considering either one research methodology approach.

Keywords: Qualitative Approach, Quantitative Approach, Qualitative Research Methodology, Quantitative Research Methodology 

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ACAPS (2012) Qualitative and Quantitative Research Techniques for Humanitarian Needs Assessment. Carr, L. T. (2014) The Strengths and Weaknesses of Quantitative and Qualitative Research: What Method for Nursing, Journal of Advanced Nursing, No.20, pp. 716-721. Dudwick, N., Kuehnast, K., Jones, V. N., and Woolcock, M. (2012) Analyzing Social Capital in Context: A Guide to Using Qualitative Methods and Data, World Bank Institute, Washington. Gable, G. G. (2011) Integrating Case Study and Survey Research Methods: An Example in Information Systems, European Journal of Information Systems, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp.112-126, URL Accessible: http://eprints.qut.edu.au Mcdowell, I. and Maclean, L. (2014) Blending qualitative and quantitative study methods in health services research, Health Informatics Journal No.4, pp.15-22. Neuman, W. L. (2012) Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches 6th Edition, Pearson International Edition, USA. Yauch, C. A. and Steudel, H. J. (2010) Complementary Use of Qualitative and Quantitative Cultural Assessment Methods, Organizational Research Methods, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp. 465-481 Young, C. and Hagerty, R. (2014) Blending Qualitative and Quantitative Methods for Program Evaluation: The Application and Insights of the Exit Interview, 4th Annual Meeting of the American Political Science Association Teaching and Learning.

Yun-kit Ip & Mr. Hong-yi Zhang

A MORE ACCURATE WAY OF COLLECTING SMARTPHONE USAGE DATA

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4646/4661

 Keywords: smartphone, phone usage, self-reported questionnaire, data collection via mobile application 

 

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Anderson, S.: Storage and big bandwidth. http://www.jmu.edu/media-arts/anderson/old/4683/bandwidth.html.Accessed 1 Nov 2016. Baron, N.S., Af Segerstad, Y.H.: Cross-cultural patterns in mobile-phone use: public space and reachability in Sweden, the USA and Japan. New Media Soc. 12(1), 13–34 (2010). Barkley, J.E., Lepp, A.: Mobile phone use among college students is a sedentary leisure behavior which may interfere with exercise. Comput. Hum. Behav. 56, 29–33 (2016). Beaver, T., Knox, D., Zusman, M. E.:‘Hold the phone!’: cell phone use and partner reaction among university students. Coll. Stud. J. 44(3),629(4) (2010). Ben-Av, M. B., Ben-Av, R.: Smartphones: from distraction to attraction. Journal of Educational Technology Systems. 45(1), 93–102 (2016).

Ramanpreet kaur

TEACHING STRATEGIES –A CONSTRUCTIVIST APPROACH

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4662/4666

Constructivist approach is the most important and remarkable approach in the current scenario of teaching-learning. Constructivist believes that ‘knowledge’ is the result of individual constructions of reality. Knowledge is the result of the accurate internalization and reconstruction of external reality. (Cognitive) knowledge is constructed from one’s experience but is not an accurate representation of external reality (radical). Knowledge is the outcome of social interaction (social).The instructional issue in constructivist learning is the role of social interaction. Thus, the present paper focuses on how to facilitate cognitive processes in learners through social interaction. Instructional methods such as team teaching, brainstorming, experiential learning, co-operative learning, cognitive  learning, cognitive apprenticeship problem –based learning and discovery learning strategies require that a student learn as a part of a group. The paper also elaborate upon the characteristics of constructivist classroom and the process of constructivist learning. 

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Fosnot, Twomey (1996), ‘Constructivism: A Psychological Theory of Learning, in C.T. Fosnot(ed.) Constructivism, Theory, Perspectives and Practice, New York, Teachers College Press, Columbia University. Kolb,D.A (1984),Experiential Learning Experience as the source of Learning and Development, Prentice Hall, New Jersey. Chickering, A.W.(1977)Experience and Learning: An introduction to Experiential Learning .Change Magazine Press, New Rochelle New York. Kold,U &Fry ,IL(1975) Towards an Applied Theory of Experiential Learning. In Cooper, CL.(ed.) Theories of Group Processes. New York: Wiley. Lave,J&Wenger,F. (1991) Situated Learning: Legitimate Peripheral Participation, Cambridge, M.A :Cambridge University Press. Shalpin, J.T and Olds, H.R. Jr (Eds)(1964): Team Teaching ,New York Harper and Row. Slavin.R.E.(1995):Cooperative Learning ,(2nd ed),Boston:Allyn and Bacon Warwick, D.(1971):sTeam Teaching, London: University of London Press.

Ms. Bhawna Rathore

AN EMPIRICAL RESEARCH ON THE IMPACT OF AMENITIES FOR EMPLOYEE’S ENGAGEMENT IN SELECTED PUBLIC AND PRIVATE BANKS OF JAIPUR

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4668/4674

This research paper aimed at studying the impact of employee’s engagement on productivity, and organization culture in selected public and private banks. For this purpose, the data collection was done through a systematic and structured questionnaire. Questionnaire was administered for the respondents to understand the applicability of employee’s engagement among public and private sector bank employee specific to Jaipur District of Rajasthan State of India. Questionnaire was very well partitioned into various segments for systematic collection of demographic, respondent’s opinion for to look at some of the value and beliefs of their organizations is collected and analyzed at different levels to ascertain the level of job satisfaction and employee loyalty arises due to employee engagement practices among the employees.

Keywords: -  Employee Engagement, HR practitioners,  Higher productivity, reliability, higher self motivation, Public Banks, Private Banks etc.

 

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Bhatla Neeta (2011) To study the Employee Engagement practicesand its effect on employee performance with special reference to ICICI and HDFC Bank in Lucknow International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Vol 2 (8) pp1-7 Fact sheet (2014). Employee Engagement. http://www.unisa.ac.za/contents/community/docs/sabpp-fact-sheet_oct-2014-ce.pdf Mishra Prof. Deepa Kapse Dr. Sampada and Bavad Ms. Dhara (2013) “Employee Engagement at Banks in Kutch”, International Journal of Application or Innovation in Engineering & Management Vol 2(7) pp349-358

Sanjay Khanderao Shinde & Farookh Ansari

KRAMNVIT AADHARIT BHAUTIKSHASTRACHE ADHYAYAN KAYRAKRAM V SAHITYA NIRMITI V TYACHYA PRINAM KARKTECHA ABHYAS

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4675/4688

 

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Mistry, N.M. (2006). Concepts of Physics Mumbai : Noble Publishing House. Biradar, R.P. and Chandele, S.J. (2006). Physics Std. XI. Latur : Nikita Publication. Chauhan, S.S. (1985). A Textbook of Programmed Instruction. New Delhi : Sterling Publishers Private Limited.

Suresh Shivram Suryavanshi

BAUDDHA DHARMACHYA PARITYAGIT VYAKTICHYA VADHATYA KAUTUMBIK DAVYABABAT AKOLA YETHIL VIDHIDNYANCHYA VICHARACHA ABHYAS

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4689/4695

 

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Darshana Pant

THE NEED OF REVISING THE EDUCATIONAL POLICY WITH THE CHANGING SOCIAL NORMS

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4696/4700

 Education policy is a formal document that lists the sets the goals or the targets to be achieved by the educational system within a set time frame. The educational policy is a reflection of what the society aims to achieve in terms of its social, economic and political dimensions. With day to day changes in the social system, it becomes all the more important to revise the educational policy as per the current situation and norms. In this regards, the paper highlights the need of the policy revision with the changing social norms in the society.
Keywords:  Social Norms, Educational Policy

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Beiter, Klaus Dieter (2005). The Protection of the Right to Education by International Law. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff. p. 19. ISBN 90-04-14704-7. Berkowitz, AD & Perkins, HW (1986A). Problem Drinking Among College Students: A Review of Recent Research. Journal of American College Health, 35:21-28. Borsari B, & Carey, KB (2001). Peer Influences on College Drinking: A Review of the Research. Journal of Substance Abuse, 13:391-424. Chompucot, M. (2011). Major Factors Affecting Educational Policy Implementation Effectiveness For The Three Southernmost Provinces Of Thailand As Perceived By School Directors. National Institute of Development Administration Beiter, Klaus Dieter (2005). The Protection of the Right to Education by International Law. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff. p. 19. ISBN 90-04-14704-7. Berkowitz, AD & Perkins, HW (1986A). Problem Drinking Among College Students: A Review of Recent Research. Journal of American College Health, 35:21-28. Borsari B, & Carey, KB (2001). Peer Influences on College Drinking: A Review of the Research. Journal of Substance Abuse, 13:391-424. Chompucot, M. (2011). Major Factors Affecting Educational Policy Implementation Effectiveness For The Three Southernmost Provinces Of Thailand As Perceived By School Directors. National Institute of Development Administration

Mrs Aarti Prashant Gangurde

STUDY OF EFFECTIVENESS OF ADVANCE ORGANIZER MODEL ON ACHIEVEMENT OF 7TH STANDARD STUDENTS IN MATHEMATICS SUBJECT

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4701/4704

Models of Teaching are the effective way of Teaching. In many researches it is proved that it is more effective than regular traditional teaching methods. In present research Advance Organizer model is used to teach one of the Unit of Mathematics subject for 7th standard. Single group pre-test post-test designed was used. The result of achievement test showed that the Advance Organizer Model is more effective than traditional teaching method.






Keywords: - Models of Teaching Advance Organizer Model, Types of Quadrilaterals 

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Best, J.W. & kahn, J.V.(1993) Research in Education (7th ed.). India: Prentice Hall of India, p. 13,22,33,148 Fraenkel , J.R. & Wallen, N.E.(2006). How to design and Evaluate Research in Education. New York McGraw-Hill, p. 545 Ibid Kothari, C.R. (1985). Research Methodology. Pune: Wishwa Prakashan, p.39,162 Linn,R. & Gronlund , N.(1995). Measurement and Evaluation in Teaching. McMillan Publishing Co. Inc: New York, p.319-331

Sangita Gangaram Utekar

KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4705/4712

In the present era of information technology both information and knowledge have become essential factor due to multidimensional use and application in the society. They play a vital role in the development of the society for the future vision. In the age of the globalization and increased worldwide competition, many organizations are looking for new ways to gain competitive advantage. In doing this, these organization are trying to use a variety of organizational resources. The management of information has long been regarded as the domain of librarians and libraries.


Keywords: Knowledge, Management, Need, Advantages, Characteristics 

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Stover, M. (2004). Making tacit knowledge explicit: The ready reference database as codified knowledge. Reference Services Review, 32(2), 164-173. Yi, Z. (2006). Knowledge management for library strategic planning: Perceptions of applications and benefits. Library Management, 29(3), 229-240. Malhan, I.V. & Rao, S. (2005). From library management to knowledge management: A conceptual change. Journal of Information & Knowledge management, 4(4), 269-277. Al-Hawamdeh, S. (2005). Designing an interdisciplinary graduate program in knowledge management. Journal of American Society for Information Science and Technology, 56(11), 1200-1206. King Willam R. “Knowledge management and organizational learning”: Kal graduate school of business, university of Pittsburg. Young Ronal (2010) “ Knowledge management tools and Technique manual”- Japan: Asian Productivity organization http:/www.webpages.knowledge management. Library Administration and management:-Ramesh Kumar Verma.

Mahajan

SAMRTH RAMDAS

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4713/4720

 

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Pandey J. R.

FOOL EMARATE AUR BANDARE APNYAS, EK EMANDAR AAFISAR KI SANGHARSH YATRA

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4721/4727

 

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Danish H. Sange

THE IMPACT OF THE DELEGATION OF AUTHORITY ON EMPLOYEES

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4728/4733

The study aimed at identifying the impact of the delegation of authority on employees  It has constructed on measuring the impact of delegation on efficiency, effectiveness and empowerment. Sample of the study represented by employees in which they are embedded in central and executive management through a random sampling reached to employee’s .The sample was used as a tool for achieving the results. The results of the study have shown that there is a statically significant for delegation of authority on efficiency, effectiveness and empowerment of employees\' performance. Moreover, improving administrative delegation of authority in which effect on employees\' satisfaction, employees\' empowerment to implement tasks individually without asking high management. This method will save time and effort. It will also offer service for customers rapidly and directly. 

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The scientific journal of the Faculty of Economics Manager in delegation of authority guide Management: Function & Challenges (Sheath Publication S.Y.B.Com)

Tanaji Shivaji Lokhande

ANANDA RANGA, PILLAI’S THE PRIVATE DAIRY, DESCRIBED EUROPEANS TRADES ESTABLISHED IN THE INDIA

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4734/4737

 

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4) Abdul Razal Akbarnama by H. Beveridge, Vol-III, Page- 37 5) G.V. Scammell England Portugal and the Estadoda India Modern Asian studies Published – 1982 , Page No- 177 6) A low caste of Hindus in south India 7) Mirza Abu Taleb khan The travels of Mirza Abu Taleb 8) Ananda Ranga The private Dairy’ page no- x 318, 293, 95 etc. 9) Ananda Ranga The private Dairy Valume –III Page No- 9-10 10) R.K. Pruthi History of modern India Vol- I Page No- 16,17 Published – 2004.

Firdous Kasim Jaffer, Rabab firfire & Madan patil

EFFECT OF MICROWAVE TREATED WATER ON GERMINATION OF VIGNA UNGUICULATA (COW PEA) SEEDS

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4738/4744


Microwaves spans a range from 300 MHz to 300 GHz. They are as long as one meter to as short as one millimeter. Microwaves may have both positive and negative effects on crops.This paper investigates the effect of microwaves treated water on the growth rate and germination of chavli seeds. The investigation were carried out with water exposed to microwave radiations for different time durations and at a constant power level of 100 w.The growth of the plants was studied for 10 days.During investigations, the other control variables such as temperature, humidity, sun light and level of gases (CO2, N2, and O2) were maintained constant. Overall finding suggest that microwaved water exposed for a specific time duration showed better growth rate as compared to normal water for the development of chavli seeds.

Keywords: Water, Soil, Microwave (MW) and chavli (cow pea) seeds 

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L. Guyadin and J. J. Ohab, “Do microwaves affect plants growth?,” Cardozo High School, 2009. Online: http://www. johnohab. com/ publications/EnvironMentors%20Program%20Final%20Paper%20-%20Lalaram.pdf A. Anna, “Effect of microwave irradiation on seeds of lentils (Lens Culinaris, Med.)”, Romanian J. Biophys, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 213–221, 2010. Ragha, L., Mishra, S., Ramachandran, V., and Bhatia, M. S., “Effects of low-power microwave fields on seed germination and growth rate,”

Sandesh Gawade

JALSINCHAN

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4745/4753

 

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Harshada S. Kale

GAINING CUSTOMER LOYALTY: THE INTERRELATION BETWEEN CONSUMER ATTITUDE AND CONSUMER BEHAVIOR

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4754/4761

All over the world every business and profit earning firm want to make their consumer loyal. There are many factors responsible for this customer loyalty but two of them are prominent. This research study is focused on that how customer satisfaction and customer retention contribute towards customer loyalty. For analysis part of this study, Universities students of Central Mumbai Region were targeted.  A sample of 120 were selected. Analysis was conducted with the help of SPSS 19. Results of the study shows that customer loyalty is more dependent upon Customer satisfaction in comparison of customer retention. Customer perceived value and customer perceived quality are the major factors which contribute for the customer loyalty of Universities students for mobile handsets. 

Keywords: Customer Loyalty, Customer Satisfaction, Customer Retention

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Auh, S., & Johnson, M. D. (2005). Compatibility effects in evaluations of satisfaction and loyalty. Journal of Economic psychology, 26, 35-57. Bodet, G. (2008). Customer satisfaction and loyalty in service: two concepts, four construct several relationships. Journal of retailing and consumer services, 15, 156-162. Chen, P. T., & Hu, H. H. (2010). The effect of relational benefits on perceived value in relation to customer loyalty: An empirical study in the Australian coffee outlets industry. International journal of hospitality management, 29, 405-412. Gerpott,T. J., Rams,W., & Schindler, A. (2001) Customer retention, loyalty, and satisfaction in the German mobile cellular telecommunications market Telecommunications Policy, 25, 249-269.

Heena A Sattar Gangrekar

PHILOSOPHICAL APPROACH IN COGNITIVE SCIENCE

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4762/4767

What exactly a mind is? Is the mind something physical/aphysical Can minds exist only in brains or can they emerge from the operation of other complex entities ? The knowledge acquisition problem deals with how we come to know things. Is knowledge a product of ones genetic endowment or does it arise through ones interaction with the environment? How much does each of these factors contribute to any given mental ability? What is consciousness? Are we really conscious at all? The primary methods of inquiry is reasoning, both deductive and inductive. In this Paper the focus is on mind body problem. 

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Cognitive science an introduction to the study of mind by Jay Fredenberg. www.google.com/PhyscologyCogScience Introduction to cognitive science y Arvind iwelekar http://www.sagepub.com/csstudy Bechtel, W. (1988). Philosophy of mind: An overview for cognitive science. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Chalmers, D. (1996). The conscious mind. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Churchland, P. M. (1986). Neurophilosophy: Toward a unified science of the mindbrain. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Kelkar K.V.

SECURITY ANALYSIS AND PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4768/4777

 The activities of large, internationally active financial institutions have grown increasingly complex and diverse in recent years. This increasing complexity has necessarily been accompanied by a process of innovation in how these institutions measure and monitor their exposure to different kinds of risk. One set of risk management techniques that has attracted a great deal of attention over the past several years, both among practitioners and regulators, is "stress testing", which can be loosely defined as the examination of the potential effects on a firm’s financial condition of a set of specified changes in risk factors, corresponding to exceptional but plausible events. A concept of security analysis and portfolio management services has been very famous and old among various institutions. This report represents practices application of portfolio management techniques in the portfolio section. Portfolio management is an integrated and exhaustive of fundamental and technical methods which are used for calculation of annul return and earnings per share for the portfolio. Modern portfolio theory suggests that the traditional approach to portfolio analysis, selection and management may yield less than optimum results. Hence a more scientific approach is required, based on estimates of risk and return of the portfolio and the attitudes of the investor toward a risk-return trade-off stemming from the analysis of the individual securities.

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http://www.bonanzaonline.com www.mbaskool.com www.google.com The intelligents investors (Author : Benjamin graham) Stock market investing(Author:Jason Kelly)

Mapkar Atiqua Yunus

A SPEECH RECOGNITION AND SYNTHESIS TOOL

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4778/4788

 Many of the new technologies designed to help worldwide communication – e.g. telephones, fax machines, computers – have created new problems especially among the hearing and visually impaired. A person, who has severe hearing impairments, particularly to the extent in which deafness occurs, may experience difficulties communicating over a telephone as he or she is unable to hear the recipient’s responses. Conversely, someone with visual impairments would have little inconvenience using a telephone but may not be able to communicate through a computer because of the difficulties (or, in the case of blindness, impossibility) in reading the screen. The goal of this paper is to incorporate current speech recognition (speech-to-text) and speech synthesis (text-to-speech) technology into a chat room, thus, providing a solution to communication between the hearing and visually impaired that is free and does not require any additional equipment besides a computer.

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Black, Adam, et al., “Festival Speech Synthesis System,” [Online], Available: http://www.cstr.ed.ac.uk/projects/festival/ “The CMU Sphinx Group Open Source Speech Recognition Engines,” [Online], Available: http://cmusphinx.sourceforge.net/html/cmusphinx.php Cumming, Murray, et al. “Gtkmm – the C++ Interface to GTK+,” [Online], Available: http://www.gtkmm.org/ “Speech Synthesis,” [Online], Available:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speech_synthesis “TTS FAQ,” [Online].Available:http://www.research.att.com/projects/tts/faq.html#TechWhat “Speech Recognition,” [Online], Available:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Speech_recognition “Speech Research Lab,” [Online], Available: http://www.asel.udel.edu/speech/ModelTalker.html

Padmaja Avinash Ghatge

ROBERT BROWNING AS A WRITER OF DRAMATIC MONOLOGUE

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4787/4790

The dramatic monologue is a miniature drama a single comprehensive speech of a character historical or imaginary uttered at a critical moment in the life of the speaker absorbing into its substance the surroundings scenery and silent audience or listeners and all the relevant facts calculated to throw a flash of light upon the whole life and the real character of the person concerned The Dramatic monologue is a kind of dramatic lyric but it is only under special circumstances that a dramatic lyric can become a genuine dramatic monologue. The dramatic lyric in a simple form is the spontaneous utterance of feeling and sentiments, not of the poets certainly, but of character created by him. Robert Browning one of the greatest poet of his literary period very early in his life browning had become conscious of his dramatic genius. It was on the publication if his Paracelsus a dramatic poem, that he found and realized that dramatic monologue was the form best suited to his genius. 

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Robert Browning selected poems – P.S. Sastri The complete poetic & dramatic works of Robert Browning – Robert Poetical works of Robert Browning.

B. K. Singare

BHARATRATNA DR. BABASAHEB AAMBEDKAR - SHAIKSHNIK KRANTICHE PRANETE

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4791/4798

 

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Tamseel Shakeel Shahjahan

USING ECONOMIC PRINCIPLES FOR GOING IN DEPTH FOR ACHIEVING RELATIVE HIGH MARKET SHARE: PSYCHOLOGICAL PRICING AN EMPIRICAL STUDY

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4799/4810

 Variations in the pricing approaches firms employ may partially explain why observed industry prices appear inconsistent with economic theory. Some firms may use principles developed from psychology that do not fit traditional economic models to enhance their profits beyond the basic solutions from economic theory. This paper describes more than fifty of these principles, dividing them into four categories: framing, congruency, context, and signaling. By studying these principles from psychology, researchers and policy makers can better understand the prices they observe in the marketplace. By following more of these principles, firms may be able to enhance their performance.

Keywords: Pricing, Economic Models, Principles.

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Adaval, R. & Monroe, K. B. (2002). Automatic Construction and Use of Contextual Information for Product and Price Evaluation. Journal of Consumer Research, 28, (4), 572-588. Adaval, R. & Wyer, R. S. Jr. (2011). Conscious and Nonconscious Comparisons with Price Anchors: Effects on Willingness to Pay for Related and Unrelated Products. Journal of Marketing Research, 48, (2), 355-365. Alba, J. W., Mela, C. F., Shimp, T. A. & Urbany, J. E. (1999). The Effect of Discount Frequency and Depth on Consumer Price Judgments. Journal of Consumer Research, 26, (2), 99-114. Allen, M. T. & Dare, W. H. (2004). The Effects of Charm Listing Prices on House Transaction Prices. Real Estate Economics, 32, (4), 695-713.

Ashvini Satve

A LITERATURE REVIEW ON GENDER ROLE PORTRAYED IN THE NOVELS OF SHASHI DESHPANDE AND ANITA NAIR

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4811/4817

Colonialism and the concept of patriarchy are inseparablein feminist discourse as it accentuates a relationship between inequality and injustice. Though it seems that the colonial master has vanished from the colonized countries, the impact of colonization is still felt in the form of patriarchy.it is obvious that only men are feasting the fruits of independence whereas women are still subjected to persecution by the male. To eradicate this, the women writers are writing about the predicaments of women in our society.In India the centre of family is in principle considered to be ‘woman’ Jayae Dastam(wife is the home) is a Rigvedic expression, which shows how domestic life is interwoven with the life of a ‘woman’. In Indian traditionnot only are the goddesseslike Lakshmi Saraswathi and Sakthi are adored in every household for their divinity but the women are also expected to manifest this divinity in their daily life. The burden of such expectations does become a form of oppression for the women and the men, in an astute manner, escape the scrutiny of critical eyes. Thus, the women who have to magnify themselves to become Lakshmi Saraswathi and‘Sakthi see themselves trapped by very mundane situations. Feminists views on Family:Feminists have played a major part in the ideology of the family, as they provide an alternative view to the traditional sociology of the family. According to Karen Offen “feminism emerges as a concept that can encompassboth an ideology and movement for 17sociopolitical change based on a critical analysis of male privilege and women’s subordination within any given society” (151). Feminist consciousness is the consciousness of victimization. It attempts to detect and change the more subtle and deepseated causes of women’s oppression. 

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Shashi Deshpande: MT:A Matter of Time, New Delhi: Penguin Books,1996. Nair,Anita .Ladiescoupe. New Delhi :penquinbooks,2001 Nair, Anita, 2001, Ladies Coupes, New Delhi: Penguin Books Ltd. Nair, Anita, 2005, Mistress, New Delhi: Penguin Books Ltd. Nair, Anita, 2010, Lessons On Forgetting: New Delhi: Penguin Books Ltd.

Sumaiya F. Ansari

IMPACT OF ADVERTISEMENT ON BUYING BEHAVIORS OF THE CONSUMERS

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4819/4824

Advertisements have been used for many years to influence the buying behaviors of the Consumers Advertisements are helpful in creating the awareness and perception among the Customersto check the influence of advertisement on their buying behavior while creating the awareness and building the perceptions.The results revealed provide the new way to managers to devise suitable strategy for the marketing of cosmetic products. These results show that advertisements are very useful in creating the awareness among the people but they are failed to build strong perceptions in the mind of consumers.Both of these variables such as consumer awareness and consumer perceptions will motivate the consumer to buy a certain product, as there is a positive relationship present in between them. 

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Oguinn, T.C/ Allen/ C.T/semenik,R.J, 4thed Thompson book Tested advertising methods Author: Johan caples Publisher : prentice hall www.greenbook.org/market -research.com Thumbshot.com www.warc.com www.alexa.com www.jouranalofadvertising.com www.sanpdeal.com. Time.com Small.buiness.chron.com.>small Business > advertising & marketing> promotion

Ritu Bakshi

RURAL WOMEN: STATUS AND DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4705/4716

A change in the status of the women is a good gauge of the pattern and direction of social change. If the direction of that change is towards a more democratic distribution of roles between men and women, in tune with the constitutional directives, then the course of change is a wholesome one. If however, the various modernizing process result in an intensification of inequalities, then we are moving away from the spirit of the constitution. In the present paper, the author has discussed the status of rural women on three planks viz.., socio-cultural, society’s attitude towards the role of rural women and economic. The economic status of rural women has been assessed in relation to agricultural industrial Sector.

Keywords: Status, Women, Social change, Society

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Agarwal B (1994) A Field of One’s Own: Gender and Land Rights in South Asia. New York: Cambridge University Press. Agarwal B (1984) Rural Women and High Yielding Variety Rice Technology. Economic and Political Weekly 19 Jan-Mar 13: A39-A52. Bardhan K (1985) Women’s Work Welfare and Status: Forces of Tradition and Change in India. Economic and Political Weekly 20 Oct-Dec 50: 2207-2220. Bastidas EP (1999) Gender Issues and Women’s Participation in Irrigated Agriculture: The Case of Two Private Irrigation Canals in Carchi, Ecuador. Research Report 31. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute. Boserup E (1970) Women’s Role in Economic Development. New York: St. Martin’s Press. Chaterjee M (1989) Socio-economic and Socio-cultural influences on Women’s Nutritional status and Roles, In Gopalan C. and Suminder Kaur (Eds) Women and Nutrition in India. Nutrition Foundation of India: Special Publication, Series Jose AV (1988) Agricultural Wages in India. Economic and Political Weekly 23; 26: A46-A58. Lucas REB (1979) The Distribution and Efficiency of Crop Production in Tribal Areas of Botswana. Paper presented at the conference on the Rural Incomes Distribution Survey, in Gaborone, Botswana. Mencher J and Saradamoni K (1982) Muddy Feet, Dirty Hands. Economic and Political weekly 17: A149-A167. Mencher JP (1980) The Lessons and the Non-Lessons of Kerala Agricultural Labourers and Poverty. Economic and Political Weekly 15(41 42, 43): 1781-1802. Rath NC, Das L, Mishra SK and Lenka S (2007) Social and Institutional Framework for Mainstreaming Women in Agriculture. Kurukshetra 55(5): 21-28. Roy A (1992) Women Agricultural Labour in Bihar: A Districtwise Analysis of Census Data. In: Alakh N. Sharma and Seema Singh (Eds) Women and Work Changing Scenario in India. Indian Society of Labour Economics, Patna, 179- 186. Saradamoni K (1982) Women’s Status in Changing Agrarian Relations: A Kerala Experience. Economic and Political Weekly 17(5): 155-162. Sikka P, Dixit VB, Sharma RK and Manuja A (2007) Rural Women and Buffalo Rearing. Kurukshetra 55(5): 33-36. Singh BP and Singh S (1992) Planning and Plight of Female Rural Labour in Inida. In: Alakh N. Sharma and Seema Singh (Eds) Women and Work Changing Scenario in India. Indian Society of Labour Economics, Patna, 157-169. Srivastava S (1988) Women of rural India – an Overview. Yojana 32; 9: 4. Subha K (2015) Training- an aid to empower rural women leaders. Kurukshetra April: 98-100. Suryanarayana M and Nagalakshmi R (2005) Role of Women in Rural Development. Kurukshetra 54(1): 4-6 Government of India (1988) Shramshkti, Report of the National Commission on Self-Employed Women and Women in the Informal Sector. New Delhi: Department of Women and Child Development. Gulati L (1984) Agricultural Labourers. In: Lebra Joyce, Joy Poulson and Jana Everett (Eds). Promilla and Co. Sonali Press, New Delhi. Government of India, Planning Commission (2002), Tenth Five Year Plan 2002-07, Vols I,II and III, Planning Commission, New Delhi. Government of India (1988), National Perspective Plan for Women 1988-2000 A.D. Department of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Human Resource and Development, New Delhi. Government of India (1974), Towards Equality, Report of the Committee on the status of Women in India, Department of Social Welfare, Ministry of Education and Social Welfare, New Delhi. Mazumdar V., K.Sharma, and S.Acharya (1979), Country Review and Analysis on the Role and Participation of Women in Agriculture and Rural Development in India. ICSSR New Delhi. Singh Roy, D.K. (1992), Women in Peasant Movement, Manohar Publication, New Delhi.

Shireesh Pal Singh

RASHTRIY EANV MANAVDHIKARO KE PRATI BHAVI ADHYAPIKO EANV SEVARAT ADHYAPAKO KI ABHIVRUTTI KA ADHYAYAN

Feb-Mar,2017, Vol - 4/20, Page - 4717/4737

 

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