MAY-JUNE 2017, IJERS

May-Jun,2017, Vol - 2/13
Imapct Factor: 4.347
ISSN: 2454-5554
Date: 09-Jul-2017

An International Peer Reviewed

International Journal for Educational Research Studies


Mukulika Thatte & Sanjeev Sonawane

HIGHER COGNITIVE OBJECTIVES AND ABILITIES REQUIRED FOR HIGHER ORDER THINKING SKILLS: A SYNTHESIS

May-Jun,2017, Vol - 2/13, Page - 862/874

 The taxonomy developed by Bloom, et al. (1956) is analysis of cognitive tasks but is oriented more towards educational objectives than towards psychological research .Guilford’s model (1959), on the other hand, is based on performance data indicating how various intellectual abilities, function in a given task/test. Author thought the blending of Bloom’s model and SOI model of Guilford would provide a new synthetic model that would cover all contemporary terms/concepts used for higher order thinking skills and also would provide guiding directions to design a training programme for higher order thinking skills.

Keywords: higher order thinking skills, Intellectual abilities, synthetic model

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Guilford, J.P. 1977. Way beyond the IQ. Creative Education Foundation. Guilford, J. P. (1967). The nature of human intelligence. New York: McGraw-Hill. Bloom, B.S. (Ed.), Engelhart, M.D., Furst, E.J., Hill,W.H., & Krathwohl, D.R. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives: The classification of educational goals. Handbook 1: Cognitive domain.New York: David McKay. Educational Leadership October 1994 | Volume 52 | Number 2 Reporting What Students Are Learning Pages 60-65 Taylor, S. (1999). Better learning through better thinking: Developing students’ metacognitive abilities. Journal of College Reading and Learning, 30(1), 34ff. Retrieved November 9, 2002, from Expanded Academic Index ASAP. Ashby, F. G., & Isen, A. M. (1999). A neuropsychological theory of positive affect and its influence on cognition. Psychological Review, 106(3), 529-550. Beyer, B. K. (2000). Teaching thinking skills— defining the problem. In A. L. Costa (Ed.), Developing minds: A resource book for teaching thinking (pp. 35–40). Alexandria, VA: ASCD. Beyer, B. K. (1991). Teaching thinking skills: A handbook for elementary school teachers. Boston: Allyn and Bacon. Beyer, B.K. (1987). Practical strategies for the teaching of thinking. Boston MA: Allyn and Bacon, Inc. Alvino, J. "A Glossary of Thinking-Skills Terms." LEARNING 18/6 (1990): 50. Jeanne H. Burns., Alvin C. Burns., Louisiana State University : An Exposition of Guilford’s SI Model as a Means of Diagnosing and Generating Pedagogical Strategies in Collegiate Business Education. Developments In Business Simulation & Experiential Exercises,Volume 17,1990 https://www.google.co.in/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CB4QFjAA&url=https%3A%2F%2Fabsel-ojs-ttu.tdl.org%2Fabsel%2Findex.php%2Fabsel%2Farticle%2Fdownload%2F1762%2F1731&ei=zdHvVLfGJIKpuQTNp4GADg&usg=AFQjCNETydB_p_ZyXot_070vESGVRqC5Nw (https://absel-ojs-ttu.tdl.org/absel/index.php/absel/article/download/1762/1731) Justin Storbeck .,Gerald L. Clore.,2007: On the interdependence of cognition and emotion Published in final edited form as:Cogn Emot. 2007 ; 21(6): 1212–1237. (Cogn Emot. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2008 May 5.)

Satish Chandra

TRANSGENDER CHILDREN’S EDUCATION AND THEIR REENGAGEMENT IN SOCIETY

May-Jun,2017, Vol - 2/13, Page - 875/890

\"\"The world is changing through ICT and it becoming like a small village. Rapidly growing information and communication technology is changing the life of mankind around the earth with reference to the desired development. People are going to be development oriented. In many parts of the world as well our country some particular groups, communities, people stayed always at margin due to orthodox thoughts, lack of awareness or improper planning and policies for development of society and world community as well. The very well known ‘Hijra’ community is also living on margins socially, educationally, economically, psycho-socially and psycho-sexually. They are also fighting form hundreds years for their identity and rights. Conclusion of discussion in this paper can be understand as inclusion of transgender children or persons in mainstream education system or in society; needs adequate learning environment or social acceptance. Pre-service and in-service teachers must be sensitized to deal with class which has transgender children, besides content and pedagogic based modifications. It is recommended in the light of discussion that in case of transgender children’s education; in-service and pre-service teacher training programmes should be conducted comprehensively. Present teacher training programme should be restructured by adding the content related to transgender community; like their historical background, life style, culture, rituals, customs, life skills, psycho-social conditions, psycho-sexual aspects, involvement in different money earning activities, involvement in sex work, legal provisions and schemes for their welfare must be included as an unit in present pre-service teacher training programme under Gender, School and Society subject/paper. The addition of this would enhance the understanding among our trainee teachers and trainee teacher educators about transgender and they will not hesitate to discuss issues related to this community

Keywords: Hijra, Divyang, Transgender, Third gender, Psycho-social, Psycho-sexual. 

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Agarwal, Saumya (Oct. 24, 2015) What are the Rights of Transgender in India. Retrieved from https://blog.ipleaders.in/legal-rights-of-transgender-india/ on 28/12/2016. Athreye, V. (Nov. 27, 2015) The Life of Transgenders in India. Retrieved from http://www.mapsofindia.com/my-india/government/the-life-of-transgenders on 28/12/2016. ChakrapaniVenkatesan M.D, Ernest Noronha, Ashok Row Kavi (2010) Hijras/transgender women in India: HIV, Human Rights and Social Exclusion. TG Issue Brief, United Nations Development Programme,VC. GOI (2014) The Rights of Transgender Persons Bill-2014, Bill No. XLIXC-C of 2014, Lok Sabha, Parliament of India, New Delhi. GOI (2016) The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill-2016, Bill No. 210 of 2016. Rajya Sabha, Parliament of India, New Delhi. Kalra, Gurvinder (2011) Hijras: the unique transgender culture of India. International Journal of Culture and Mental Health, 5(2), 121-126.