JUNE-JULY, 2017 SRJHEL

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22
Imapct Factor: 4.44
ISSN: 2348-3083
Date: 04-Aug-2017

An International Peer Reviewed

Scholarly Research Journal for Humanity Sciences & English Language


Ashish Kumar Dhawan

CONFLICTS OF SCIENCE TEACHING: AN ANALYSIS OF NCF VISION AND GROUND REALITIES

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5646/5256

 The National Curriculum Framework, 2005 envisions the development of scientific temper through science education at each stage in class-rooms in India. But due to various reasons discussed in the paper, more often than not, science education fails to develop the scientific temper in its students. To analyse the causes, a case study of the science education in the government schools of Haryana was done and some interesting points emerged for future discourse including (a) Lack of basic amenities for science teaching in government schools (b) inefficacy of pre-service and in-service teacher training programs, (c) Curriculum is too huge to be covered through organising practical teaching-learning experiences, (d) government teachers are reluctant to take pains due to job-security. This paper hopes to open a discussion on the ways and means to make science education a “systematic experimentation as a tool to discover/verify theoretical principles, and working on locally significant projects involving science and technology” that has been envisioned to be an important part of science curriculum at senior secondary level by National Curriculum Framework, 2005.

Keywords: Teaching of Science, Issues in Science-Teaching, Science Teaching for Development of Scientific Temper, Science Teaching in Government Schools in India.

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Dhar, P. L. (2009). Developing Scientific Temper. Retrieved from https://pldhar.files.wordpress.com/2009/09/scientific-temper.pdf National Curriculum Framework (2005). NCERT. Retrieved from http://www.ncert.nic.in/rightside/links/pdf/framework/english/nf2005.pdf Objectivity. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Objectivity_(science)

Beulah kiruba .J & D.Venkataraman

ASSESSMENT OF LEARNING STYLES AMONG PRE-SERVICE TEACHERS

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5257/5263

 

The main objective of the study is to find out the level of learning styles among pre-service teachers with respect to Locale, Academic Streams and Type of Management. Survey method was adopted to collect the relevant data for the present study.  Learning Styles Questionnaire (LSQ) was constructed and validated by Peter Honey and Alan Mumford and it was used to collect data for the present study. The Investigator randomly Selected 630 pre-service teachers (D.T.Ed.) studying in Government, Government Aided and Private Teacher Training Institutions in Chennai. For analyzing the data percentage, mean, standard deviation,‘t’- test and one way ANOVA are used. The major findings of the study are: The most of the pre-service teachers having moderate level of learning style preference.  With regard to locale and Academic Streams, the result reveals that there is no significance difference in overall learning styles among pre-service teachers. The Self Financing institutions pre-service teachers have higher learning styles compared to their counterparts.

Keywords: Learning Styles, Pre-service teachers, TTIs, Teacher Trainees, Activist, Pragmatist, Theorist and Reflector learning styles. 

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Afusat Olanike Busari (2017). The Relation of learning style and achievement in history subject. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Invention, 4(3), 3372-3377. Collison, E. (2000). A survey of elementary students learning style preferences and academic success. Contemporary Education, 71 (4), 42-49. Felder, R. M. (1993). Reaching the second tier: Learning and teaching styles in college science education. Journal College Science Teaching, 23(5), 286-290. Ibrahim Yasar Kazu (2009). The effects of learning styles on education and the teaching Process. Journal of Social Sciences, 5(2), 85-94. Kolb, D. (1984). Experiential learning: Experience as the source of learning and development. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, Inc. Ruma Roy (2016). Academic Achievement in Relation to Learning Styles. Journal of Community Guidance & Research, 33(2), 283-295. Satheesh Kumar, J (2001). Learning style based instruction and evaluation. Edutracks, 10(10), 3-7.

Jagan Karade & Asha Suratkal

ANALYSIS OF GENDER INEQUALITY IN INDIAN SOCIETY WITH REFERENCE TO PUNE CITY

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5264/5277

Traditional patriarchal norms have relegated women to secondary status within the household and workplace. Gender inequality means treating men and women differently on the basis of sex. Traditionally women are considered to be weak. Therefore, she has been considered to be subordinate to men. Gender discrimination is a very serious problem in Indian society. Generation after generation we are practicing patriarchal norms in the household and even at the workplace. This gender discrimination adversely affects the health of the women, her financial status, and education and even in the political involvement. The gender discrimination is blatantly seen in various forms e.g. sexual harassment, working women are getting unequal pay for the same job, pregnancy discrimination and male get more promotional opportunities as compared to men. Even in the matter of making career even the educated woman takes a back seat and sacrifices her potential for her better half. Even in educated families too, while investing on child’s education, boy gets preference. The Indian Constitution apart from providing equality to women it also authorizes the State to initiate positive steps to neutralize the cumulative socio economic, education and political adversities faced by them. What is needed is to change the mindset of the society which is a time consuming process. Mere by enacting legislations this cannot be achieved. In order to bring about positive change about the gender discrimination there is need to have greater participation of the women in the parliament and also in the political positions as well as executive authority. Indian women have made gradual progress in recent years—but gender discrimination is still rife. There are no quick fixes. When we go to the root cause of the gender discrimination we observe that Indian society is dominated by men. It is because of the patriarchal system that we follow in India.

Methods: It is student population-based study covering 200 students from of both college and school going boys and girls of Pune city selected through a systematic random sampling strategy. Interviews were conducted using separate pre-piloted structured questionnaires for girls and boys. Girls were asked how women in their family were treated and the status of women in the society. Boys were asked whether their female family members had been the victim of violence and how boys were treated at home compared to their sisters. The young girls were asked how they were discriminated in the family with their male siblings. The variables like family education, marriage, gender and economic status were the response to a set of questions for each variable. In addition, data on socio-economic characteristics were also collected. Descriptive statistics analyses were done.

The overall perception about gender inequality in our society revealed by both boys and girls is almost same. However, girls revealed that the inequality meted out to married women is much more at the in-laws place than it was at maternal side.  90-95% of students from educated family expressed that they haven’t experienced inequality because of their parents being educated and economically well off. Unfortunately girls belonging to the weaker economy and educated background did not have the same opinion as students of educated background.

Conclusion:

The study has revealed that gender discrimination is more in the economically weaker section. Education is also having a bearing on the gender discrimination i.e. where the family is educated there is negligible gender discrimination while in the uneducated families it is more. Therefore the twin problem of gender discrimination needs to be addressed by educating the women and make them self reliant. There is also need to change the mindset of the society for which digital media be used as it influences the viewers.  


Keywords: gender inequality, gender discrimination, poverty, women’s education, 

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Budhwar, P. S., Saini, D. S., & Bhatnagar, J. (2005, June). Women in management in the new economic environment: The case of India. Asia Pacific Business Review, 11(2), 179-193. Times of India Pune dated 5th February 2013, Article by Samidha Sharma of TNN, titled ‘Women hold only 5% of top 100 posts in 27 companies. Mamata Maharotra, Gender Inequality in India, Wikipedia Gender Inequality in India, http://www.indiacelebrating.com/social-issues/gender-inequality-in-india/ http://www.right-to-education.org/node/187

Hiranawale Snehal Ramnath

EYATTA 7 VI CHYA SAMAJIK BUDHYANK V TYANCHA SAMAJIK - AARTHIK SAR YATIL SAHASAMBANDHACHA ABHYAS

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5278/5281

 

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Hiranawale Snehal Ramnath

SHIKSHAKANCHI SAMAJIK BUDHIMATTA YA VISHYASHI DNYAN V TYANCHE UPYOJAN KAUSHALYA YANCHA VISHLESHANATMAK ABHYAS

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5282/5285

 

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Mohammed Shafeer .K.P

HONOUR KILLINGS AND KERALA

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5286/5290

\"\"Kerala is bestowed with lush greenery and elegant flora and fauna, which gave the title ‘God’s on Country’. The growth of the state and the advancement in the field of science and technology enhanced the range of human resource and intellect of the people. The cent- percent literacy and the unquenchable thirst for knowledge and experience helped the people soar to the differ realms of the universe to mark their trace wherever they went. The literacy helped them to react to the problems of the society and the world. The awareness about the problems in the society and the world produced quick reactions against the reverberations in the harmonious life. This awareness helped the Keralites to wipe out the evils of caste system and feudalism from the Kerala soil. Thought the glimpses of the caste consciousness sprouts from the remote nooks and corners of Kerala and is implicit in the Kerala life, the evil is eradicated from the soil with all its manifestations. Along with the eradication of the caste system many offspring of the catastrophe were nipped in the bud. Among them is the evil of honour killing. While most of the states were is chaos with the effective involvement of the Supreme Court to curb the evil Kerala was safe with the minimum number of honour killings. Question arises at the absence or minimum number of honour killings in Kerala. So, there is growing need to investigate the reasons behind this attitude. This paper tries to analyse the reasons behind the minimum number of honour killings in Kerala state.

Keywords: Kerala, literacy, social awareness, honour killing, caste discrimination 

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Coomaraswamy, R. (2005). Violence against Women and Crimes of Honour. In S. Hossain & L.Welchman (Eds). Honour Crimes: Paradigms and Violence against Women. London: Zed Books Ltd. House of Commons. (2008). Domestic Violence, Forced Marriage and 'honour'-Based Violence ..., Volume 2. Parliament.Home Affairs Committee.. Great Britain: TSO Human Rights Watch.“Violence against Women and Honor Crimes”. www.wikigender.org/index.php/Honour_crimes Smith. J. (2012). Introduction. In A. Onal (Ed). Honour Killing: Stories of Men Who Killed. New Delhi: Saqi Publishers.

R. Babu

TEACHER EDUCATORS’ JOB SATISFACTION AND INTEREST IN TEACHING

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5291/5298

The Teacher Educators have an important role in the field of education and have remarkable impact on the minds of the students. The study has been conducted to investigate the levels of job satisfaction and Interest in Teaching of Teacher Educators’. It also examines the relationship between the job satisfaction and Interest in Teaching of the Teacher Educators. The study was made on a random sample of 450 Teacher Educators in Pudukkottai, Thanjavur and Thiruvarur District. The tools used in the study were the job satisfaction scale and Interest in teaching scale constructed by the investigator. The study reveals the fact that the level of job satisfaction and Interest in Teaching at moderate levels. Further, it is noted that there is negligible correlation between job satisfaction and Interest in Teaching among Teacher Educators.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keywords: Teacher Educator, Job Satisfaction and Occupational Stress 

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Akpochafo, G. O., (2014). Self-efficacy and some demographic variables as predictors of Interest in Teaching among primary school teachers in Delta State of Nigeria. The Oxford Companion to Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Digumarthi Bhaskara Rao (2004), National Policy on education, R.V.R. College of education, Andhra Pradesh 522006. Herranen, Jaana Kristiina; Vesterinen, Veli-Matti; Aksela, Maija Katariina (2015) How to Measure Elementary Teachers' Interest in Teaching Chemistry, Chemistry Education Research and Practice, v16 n2 p408-416 2015. Jarvis (2002) The Influence of Interest in Teaching on Job Satisfaction of Teachers, Journal of Educational Research and Extension, Vol.39 (2). Maeda Langguyuan-Kadtong and Datu Amir Sajid Onotan Usop, (2013). Work Performance and Job Satisfaction among Teachers, Notre Dame University, Cotabato City Teacher Tamontaka Central School, International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Vol. 3 No. 5. Maheswar Panda (2000) A study Job satisfaction of College Teachers in the Context of Types of Management, Journal of Educational Research and Extension, Vol.38 (2).PP (26-27) McCormick, J. (2004) The Externalised Nature of Teachers’ Interest in Teaching and its Association with Job Satisfaction. Work and Stress, 6(1), 33-44. McCormick, J. and Solman, R. (2005). Teachers’ Attributes of Responsibility for Interest in Teaching and Satisfaction: An Organizational Perspective. Educational Studies, 18(2), 201-222. Nabi Ahamed (2003) A Study on Job satisfaction among school teachers, The Educational Review, Vol .46. Natarajan, R (2002) The Influence of Organizational Climate on Job Satisfaction of Teachers, Journal of Educational Research and Extension, Vol.39 (2). Romit Bogler, Adom E. Nir, (2012) “The importance of teachers perceived organizational support to job satisfaction”, Journal of educational administration. Vol. 50 issue: 3, pp-287 – 306, doc: 1108/09578231271223310.

Harvinder Kaur

AN EXPLORATION OF SPIRITUAL EXPERIENCE FOR STRESS MANAGEMENT

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5299/5304

\"\"Managing stress at workplace is of utmost important in any organization. The area has gained momentum since in this era of competition every organization is facing issues related to work life balance. It becomes imperative to reduce stress. One effective way to reduce stress is through the practice of spirituality.A lot of research has been done to explore what spirituality is all about. Yet a major gap exists in linking spirituality with stress. Though there are strategies available for reducing stress, yet spirituality offers great benefits in handling stress at workplace.  In research, it was found that ergonomics play vital role in improving employee performance. On aspect in ergonomics is related to the wellbeing of employees. Stress management comes under the domain of employee well-being. Many organizations are actively participating in inculcating the culture of spiritualism, particularly to cater to the needs of employees of the organizations. The purpose of this study is to examine the literature available in context of workplace spirituality and stress management. This research will investigate the potential buffering effect of spirituality on organizational stress management methods. Empirical studies have shown that spirituality is positively related to well-being of individuals. But when it comes to be applied in organizations, management find its implementation difficult. This research focuses on use of content analysis as a qualitative measurement of determine the frequency of linkage between stress management and spirituality.

Keywords: momentum, work life balance., spirituality, ergonomics, Empirical studies, potential buffering, content analysis, 

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Abouserie, R. (1994). Sources and levels of stress in relation to locus of control and self esteem in university students. Educational Psychology, 14(3), 323. Aneshensel, C. S., Frerichs, R. R., and Huba, G. J., (1984). Depression and physical illness: A multiwave, nonrecursive causal model. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, Vol. 25, 350-371. Bryant-Davis, Thema, Monica U. Ellis, Elizabeth Burke-Maynard, Nathan Moon, Pamela A. Counts, and Gera Anderson. "Religiosity, spirituality, and trauma recovery in the lives of children and adolescents." Professional Psychology: Research and Practice 43, no. 4 (2012): 306 Burke, Mary, and Sister Mary Jean. "Coping strategies and health status of elderly arthritic women." Journal of Advanced Nursing 18, no. 1 (1993): 7-13 Cox, Crystal J. "The Relationship Between Spirituality, Stress, and Academic Performance." PhD diss., Bowling Green State University, 2011 Chen, H., Y. Wong, M. Ran and C. Gilson 2012. Stress among shanghai university students. Journal of Social Work, 9(3): 323-344. Greenberg, J. and R. Baron, 2000. Behavior in organizations: Under- standing and managing the human side of work. London: Allen and Bacon. Hamaideh, S., 2011. Stressors and reaction to stressors among university students. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 57(1): 69-80. Hancock, P. and J. Szalma, 2008. Performance under stress. Abingdon: Ashgate Publishing Group. Jena, L. K., &Pradhan, R. K. (2014). Workplace Spirituality and Worklife Balance: An Empirical Introspection in Indian Manufacturing Industries. International Journal of Applied Psychology, 4 (4), 155-161. King, D. B. (2008). Rethinking claims of spiritual intelligence: A definition, model, and measure. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada. King, D. B., &DeCicco, T. L. (2009). A viable model and self-report measure of spiritual intelligence. The International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 28, 68-85. Singh, Tripti and Premarajan, R.K., Individual Spiritual Orientation at Work: A Conceptualization and Measure (July 30, 2007). IIM Bangalore Research Paper. Thompson, W. (2001). Spirituality at Work, Executive Excellence, 18(9), 10.

Shankar Chaudhary

E-COMMERCE FUNDING IN INDIA: A BUBBLE WAITING TO BURST?

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5305/5311

 

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George Soros Lecture Series, Open Society Foundations E-Commerce: Investment and M&A Activity, Allegro Financial Advisors Pvt Ltd Evolution of E-Commerce in India: Creating the Bricks Behind the Clicks, ASSOCHAM and PWC India India E-Commerce Market Forecast and Opportunities, 2020, TechSci Research, September 2015 Bloomberg View.com The Rise and Rise of E- Commerce in India, IBEF, January 2013

G. Mohana Charyulu & Mrs. S Srilekha

SMART PHONE: A TOOL OF ICT IN LANGUAGE LEARNING

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5312/5316

The Present day generation is a tech survives generation. All most of all the students irrespective of the Government or Private  Colleges, Mobile phone happened to an essential part of regular life. It developed into such a way without which they cannot visualize their life. Most of the colleges including parents, faculty and security personal resist the students carrying mobile phones into class rooms. It was the decision taken by the elders keeping in the mind the disruption made by mobile phones to the regular activities of the students. But one can change this craze of using mobiles into learning language and test their communication skills. One can interpret different tools available for Learning English through various applications. This paper is made to evaluate the communication skills of the Technical Graduate students using mobile phones. It demonstrates the profit of using mobile for learning purposes with a case study and present results of the usage with some suggestions for betterment. Above all, the learner should be exposed to avail online tools to develop their communication skills.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keywords: usage of mobile, language learning, online tools and better communication skills. 

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Crooks, T. (1988). The impact of classroom evaluation practices on students. Review of Educational Research, 58(4), 438-481. Smart phone testing tools TEST, The Hindu, India, 2017 Hello English app; CENT download oOo

Franky Rani & Dinesh Chahal

TEACHER EFFECTIVENESS IN RELATION TO SPIRITUAL INTELLIGENCE OF GOVERNMENT AND PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHERS

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5317/5325

The study focused on teacher effectiveness and its relation with the spiritual intelligence of government and public school teachers. Present study was conducted on 200 teachers (Male and Female) from Government and public school (100 from government 100 from public school) of Amritsar district. Data was analysed by using \'t-test\' and 2 way ANOVA. Results showed that high spiritual intelligent teachers are more effective teachers in comparison with low spiritual intelligent teachers in both government and public schools. Moreover, a finding of the research reveals that teacher effectiveness of male and female teachers of both public and government schools do not differ significantly from each other. Also spiritual intelligence of male and female teachers of both public and government schools do not differ significantly from each other. Further 2-way ANOVA results also shows that there is insignificant interactional effect of spiritual intelligence and type of school on teacher effectiveness of teachers. 

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Compton, W. C. (2005). Introduction to Positive Psychology. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. Donahue, M. J., & Benson, P. L. (1995). Religion and the Well-Being of Adolescents. Journal of Social Issues, 51(2), 145-160. Flander, N.A, and Simen (1969). Teacher Effectiveness in Robert Etels Encyclopedia of educational Research, Fourth Edition, Macmillan (1423), London. 3 (12) 26-52. George, R. & Visvam, S.(2013). Spiritual Intelligence, its correlation with Teacher Effectiveness and Academic achievement – A Study. International Journal of Education and Psychological Research (IJEPR). Vol 2(106-110) Gurumurthy, C. (2005). Value orientation. Mysore: Ramakrishna Institute of Joy, S. T. (2011). Enhancement of emotional intelligence and spiritual intelligence among B. Ed. student-teachers. Kaur. Balbir, (1983). An investigation into dimensions of teacher effectiveness as perceived by secondary school, college and university students Ph.D. Edu, H.P.U. Kauts, Amit, (2001). Teacher effectiveness and job stress in relation to managerial creativity among school principal. Unpublished M.Ed dissertation G.N.D.U, Amritsar. Koul, Lokesh (1973). Personality differentiates of popular teachers, Journal of education and Psychology, 68-72. Zohar, D. & Marshall, I. (2000). SQ Spiritual Intelligence: The Ultimate Intelligence. London: Bloomsbury.

Mrs. Rubee Mamgain

INCLUSION OF CHILDREN WITH INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES IN GENERAL SCHOOLS- A REVIEW

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5326/5336

\"\"In education perspective each child must be treated as a learner and he or she must be provided opportunity to learn in nearby schools irrespective of their diversity. Indian government support and promote inclusion of children with disabilities but still it is in its infancy stage. Most of the teachers and community member are not aware about it, whereas considerable studies are in support and indicate that it is beneficial for all children with disabilities, children with no disabilities, teachers and community also. Teachers are not prepared and competent to implement inclusive practices in their classroom due to insufficient training and lack of knowledge of inclusive teaching practices, skills and strategies, instead they know the benefit of inclusive education and are willing to welcome and celebrates diversity in their class. While the aim of Inclusive Education is to include all children with SEN (Special education needs) in mainstream schools and there are ample challenges that have to be overcome for their education to be meaningful. This paper stressed on, to understand intellectual disabilities, challenges and constraints in inclusion of children with moderate to severe intellectual disabilities in general classrooms and is trying to cover and outlined inclusive and teaching strategies by review of related literature, so that intellectual disabled children could bring to the general schools for the supportive and quality education to meet their educational needs and opportunities.

Keywords: Inclusive education, Disabilities, Intellectual disabilities, Challenges in inclusive education 

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DJK,Corlinelius. And Balakrishnan,J.,(2012), Inclusive education for students with Intellectual Disabilities,(online), pp81-93 available from www.dcidj.org(accessed on 3 June 2016). Das, Ajay., and Bhatnagar, Nisha.(2013).’ Attitude of Secondary School Teachers Towards Inclusive Education in New Delhi’. Journal of special education needs. Vol. 2(2). Pp 1-9. Downing, J., (2010)., Teaching students with moderate to severe intellectual disabilities in general education classrooms. Foundational Beliefs. 1-16. http://www.corwin.com/upmdata/34191_Downing_Academic_Instruction_Ch1.pdf(accessed on 6 June 2016). Harbour, C.K. and Maulik, P.K. ,(2010), ‘History of Intellectual Disability’, pp1-6, Centre for International Rehabilitation Research Information and Exchange (CIRRIE). Jackson,B.,(2003), Why should schools include children with a disability?(online),pp1-6 available from www.include.com.au(accessed on 6 June 2016). Kumar,A.,(2014), Assumption, definition and Classification of Mental retardation In Inclusive Education. MPDD, Uttrakhand open university, Haldwani.,pp304-331 Kumar,S. And Kumar,K.,(2007), Inclusive Education in India, Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education, vol 2(2),pp 1-16 NCERT,(2006). Education of children with special needs (position paper online).NCERT. New Delhi. Pp 1-24. Roy, Brijesh.(2014).’National and International laws and legislation in reference to special and inclusive education’. In Inclusive Education.MPDD, Uttrakhand open university, Haldwani. Pp 142-155 .Schalock, Robert L., Luckasson, Ruth A. and Karrie A.,(2007), ‘The Renaming of Mental Retardation: Understanding the Change to the Term Intellectual Disability’, Intellectual and developmental disabilities, vol.45(2) pp:116-124. Sharma,A.K.,Mamgain,R.,and Sharma,R.,(2015), Challenges in Implementation of Inclusive Education, Recent Educational and Psychlogical Researches, vol 3, pp 40-45. UNESCO (1994). The Salamanca Statement and Framework for Action on Special Needs Education [Online]. Paris: UNESCO. Available from: http://www.unesco.org/education/pdf/ Yadav, Shalini. (2013). ‘Inclusive Education: Challenges and Prospects in India’ NCERT. New Delhi. Pp 39-45

N. Samuel Babu

PROCESS DESCRIPTION-A PERCEPTIONAL STUDY

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5337/5342

Describing a process means writing about how something is made or how something happens. The present investigation was to delineate the perceptions of teachers of English in inculcating the strategies of process description. A questionnaire was developed and administered on thirty-six lecturers teaching English at plus two level drawn from Government Junior Colleges of Hyderabad District in Telangana State. The results revealed that the sample had positive perceptions on the process description and it was suggested that a thorough orientation in this particular skill for teachers is a sine qua non.  Eventually, implications as well as recommendations for future research were portrayed.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keywords: Process; description; territory level; instructional; informational; sequence markers. 

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Anabela Reis Alves (2008) Process Writing, Module 5 Assignment. Centre for English Language Studies. The University of Birmingham.pp.3-4. Christine Sweeney (2010) Improving Writing, Discourse Markers: A Teacher’s Guide and Toolkit. http://english.edusites.co.uk/article/improving-writing-discourse-markers-a-teachers-guide-and-toolkit/ Hyland, K. 2003. Second Language Writing. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Nancy R.Taque (2004) The Quality Toolbox, ASQ Quality Press, pp.255-257 Nguyen Thanh Huy(2015) Problems Affecting Learning Writing Skill of Grade 11 at Thong Linh High School. Asian Journal of Educational Research. Vol.3.No.2, pp.53-69. Noorzaan etal (2010) Technical English Skills. August Publishers, pp.114-119. Muhammad Sajid and Jawaid Ahmed Siddiqui (2015) Lack of Academic Writing Skills in English Language at Higher Education Level in Pakistan: Causes, Effects and Remedies. International Journal of Language and Linguistics. Vol. 2, No. 4.pp.156-186. Raimes, Ann (1983). Technique in Teaching Writing. New York: Oxford University Press. Scarry, Sandra & Scarry, John. 2011. The Writer’s Workplace with Readings: Building College Writing Skills. Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning. Wahyuni, A. D. 2003. The Students’ Descriptive Writing as a Result of the Implementation of Document Portfolio. Unpublished Thesis: State University of Surabaya.

S. Singaravelu

CREATIVITY WITH RESPECT TO GENDER, FAMILY TYPE, AND QUALIFICATION AMONG TEACHER TRAINING STUDENTS

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5344/5350


This study examines creativity of teacher training students. The sample of 200 teacher training students studying TTI from Thanjavur District of Tamilnadu, India was selected by adopting random sampling technique. Teacher training students’ creativity was obtained with the help of creativity scale developed by the investigator. Statistical analysis of percentage scores was calculated. Three null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 levels of significance. The findings of the study reveal that 64% teacher training students have average level of creativity.       

Keyword: Creativity, Teacher training students, Demographic variables. 

,18,10,11,20,12,7,6,21,16,14,9,5,1,8,22,13,17,15,19

Alia Al-Oweidi. (2013). Creative characteristics and its relation to achievement and school type among Jordanian students. Scientific research, 4 (1), 29-34. Arnold, J .(1962). Useful creative techniques, (In) parnes, S.J and Hrding, H.F (Eds). A Source book for creative thinking. New York: Charles Serifner’s Sons. Avdhesh S. Jha . (2012). A study of creativity of the high school students in relation to certain variables. Voice of research, 1, (2).

Deepak. P. Gaikwad

MISINTERPRETATION OF THE “OPEN” CATEGORY AS NOT OPEN IN THE REALISTIC SENSE WITH CONTEXT TO SOCIAL RESERVATION SYSTEM IN INDIA

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5351/5359

 This paper an interdisciplinary project on “Critical Study of Social Reservation Policy with Special Reference to Reservation in Services and Education in Maharashtra” with regards to education and status of employment of Dalits Though the emphasis is on Social Reservation, this study inquires into the demands of social reservation of Dalits. Critics have claimed that though sixty years have passed with the implementation of social reservation, expected results with regards changes in social, political and economical life of Dalits have been not accrued in India. It is the same case with Maharashtra. We are dealing here with the need of the study of reservation in India. This paper deals with reservation and the making of Indian citizenship: Ambedkar‘s critique of Gandhi in his What the Congress and Gandhi have done for the Untouchables. This part analyzes the problematic of reservation with Ambedkar‘s program of the annihilation of caste.

Keywords: Social Reservation, Misinterpretation, Caste

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Desai, V. D. (1992). Mahatma Jyotiba Phule. pune: Indian Institute of Education, Pune. Javadekar, S. (2011). Bahujan Kshikshan Vastav ani Apeksha. Pune: Aakhil Bartiy SaMajwadi Adyapak Sabha. Panchmukhi, P. R. (1989). The Studies in Educational Reforms in India volume III. Pune: Indian Institute of Education, Pune. SPPU, P. (2016, March Monday 14). Retrieved from www.unipune.ac.in / Departments Velerian, R. E. (2008). Annihilation of Caste in The Essentional Writings of B. R. Ambedkar. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

I.Tharvin Sumi & V. Rajakumaran

THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CONSTRUCTIVIST BASED APPROACH IN LEARNING SELECTED ENVIRONMENTAL CONCEPTS

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5369/5375


The study developed constructivist based approach to determine the effectiveness in learning environmental concepts. Parallel group experimental design was adopted as the method of study. A sample of 60 IX standard students (30 in control group and 30 in experimental group), were selected for the present study. The experimental group was subjected to constructivist based approach of learning (Project method), while the control group was subjected to traditional method. Both groups were subjected to pre and post-tests in the subject tackled by the researcher. The analysis result of the pre-test showed no statistically-significant differences, which in turn proves the equivalence of the two groups. The analysis result of the post- test showed significant increase in the score of the experimental group when compared to the control group. Hence the finding of the study reveals the constructivist based approach of learning is more effective than traditional method.

Keywords: Constructivist based approach, Project method 

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Al-Weher, M. (2004). The effect of a training course based on constructivism on student teachers’ perceptions of the teaching/learning process. Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education, 32(2), 169-184. Lou, Y. & Kim MacGregor, S. (2004) 'Enhancing Project-Based Learning Through Online BetweenGroup Collaboration'. Educational Research and Evaluation, 10 (4-6). pp 419-440 Kilinç, A. (2010) 'Can project-based learning close the gap? Turkish student teachers and proenvironmental behaviours'. International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 5 (4). pp 495-509. Stauffacher, M., A. Walter, et al. (2006). "Learning to research environmental problems from a functional socio-cultural constructivism perspective: the transdisciplinary case study approach." International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education 7(3): 252-275.

V. Rajakumaran & I.Tharvin Sumi

AN ANALYSIS OF THE USE OF TECHNOLOGY BY TEACHERS OF ARTS AND SCIENCE COLLEGE IN TERMS OF STAGES OF CONCERN

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5376/5382

This study attempts to study the use of technology by teachers of arts and Science College in terms of stages of concern. . Normative survey method design was adopted for the present study. A sample of 300 of teachers from arts and Science College, were selected for the present study. Many teachers, especially more experienced faculty, find it difficult in handle technology. The possible reason for this is the lack of success in the use of technology in the classroom, which may be due to attitude, perception and worries of the teacher educator. This study analyzed the concerns of teachers in arts and Science College toward the use of technology using the Stages of Concern Questionnaire. Results indicate that the teachers having low awareness concern, high information concern, low management concern, low consequence concern are using more technology

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keywords: Stages of Concern             

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Cox, R. A. (1970). Article: “The process of Educational Technology: A tool for Development. In S.P.Ruhela (1999). Essentials of Educational Technology. New Delhi: Indian Publishers Distributers. Saglam, H. I. (2011). An Investigation on Teaching Materials Used in Social Studies Lesson William, S. A. (2006). Stages of Concern of Teachers in North Carolina 4/4 Block Scheduled Public Schools. Dissertation Abstracts International, 67, (2), 453 A. Yan, B. (2007). Understanding Technology Adoption in Schools: A Social Approach. Dissertation Abstracts International, 67, (10), 3791 A.

Raj Kumar & Mr. Bhal Singh

ENVIRONMENTAL REFORMS IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF U.N.O. DECLARATIONS AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5383/5387

 Today, most of the countries are discussing on climate change and environmental conservation at international platform. A lot of conferences were organized by U.N.O. regarding environmental pollution at the international level. The center point of this article is ‘Relationship between Environmental Ethics and Environmental Policies’. In this article, the researchers have described the various declarations of U.N.O. regarding climate change and application of environmental ethics. Some suggestions are also included in the article regarding awareness of environmental pollution. From 7th decade of 20th century, environmental issue has been discussed on many platforms at broader level. U.N.O. plays such a role to discuss the environmental issue at the international level. Environmental pollution is a current major problem which is facing by the international community. The temperature of earth is increasing day by day just because of environmental pollution. As a result natural disasters are increasing rapidly in whole world since last seventy years. Flood, Tornado, Tsunami and increasing water level of sea are the symbols of a big danger for the whole mankind on the planet.  Globalization, Urbanization and Industrialization are destroying the world to greater extent.

Keywords: Environmental Ethics, Development, Declaration, Conference, Globalization. 

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Rajlalakshmi, S. (2016). Sustainable development through environmental ethics, International Journal of Applied Research, 2 (3). Michael. J. (2005). Environmental Ethics and Sustainable Development: (Ethical and Human Rights Issues Implementing Indigenous Rights), MqJICEL, 2. United Nations, (1972). Report of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, Stockhome. United Nations, (2002). Report of the Summit on Sustainable Development, Johannesburg

M. P. Tripathi

ENHANCING QUALITY OF ENGLISH TEACHING

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5388/5392


“We need quality education which depends on the quality of teaching and learning. Improvement in teaching quality is one of the most important issues in all disciplines of the studies. For this learned, skilled, dedicated, oriented, self- motivated and committed teachers are needed who would be able to transform the classroom into a wonder-room (wonderful place for learning). Teaching quality can also be upgraded through peer review of teaching, involvement of peers in learning (Collaborative Learning) and feedback given by students. The practice of appointing a Supervisor for a new teacher as in the United States should be implemented in India. Opportunities must be provided to the teachers to participate in in-service training programmes. Quality is never an accident, it is to be practiced. Teachers, policy makers, Universities and the Governments would take active steps for enhancing quality in teaching. This paper attempts at making some suggestions for enriching the quality of teaching, particularly in English and of all subjects in general”.

Key points: Language of Opportunities, Acquisition Poor Environment, Collaborative Learning, Peer review of Teaching.   

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Doff, A. (2002), Teach English, Cambridge University press, Cambridge. Good, T. and Brophy, J. (1986), Educational Psychology: A Realistic Approach, Longman, New York. Hackett, P. (1997), Introduction to Training, University Press (India) Limited, Hyderabad. Hargreaves, A. and Fullan, M. (1992), Understanding Teacher Development, Teachers College Press, New York. Lewin, K.M. and Stuart, J.S. (1991), Educational Innovation in Developing Countries: Case Studies of Change Makers, The Macmillan Press Limited, Houndmills. Richards, J.C. and Renandya, W.A. (2006), Methodology in Language Teaching: an Anthology of Current Practice, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Weimer, M. (1993), Improving Your Classroom Teaching, Sage Publications, California.

Ranju Bala

PROFESSIONAL COMMITMENT OF SCHOOL TEACHERS IN THE STATE OF PANJAB

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5393/5398

 The present study was conducted on a sample of 200 school teachers teaching in schools in the state of Panjab. The sample was selected randomly from districts of Ludhiana and Hoshiarpur. Data was collected with the help of Professional Commitment Scale for Teachers (Kaur, Ranu, & Brar, 2013). The findings reveal that male and female school teachers differ significantly on professional commitment. Mostly school teachers have average level (fifty six percent) of professional commitment.

Keywords: Professional commitment, School teachers

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Arya, S. (2012). A study of professional commitment in relation to institutional climate among teachers educators. GRA-Global Research Analysis, 1(7), 49-50. Basu, S. (2016). Professional commitment and job satisfaction among secondary school teachers. Educational Quest: An Int. J. of Education and Applied Social Sciences, 7 (3), 255-259.

V. S. Dhekale

JOB STRESS AMONG POLICEMEN AND JOURNALISTS: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5399/5404


An increasing complexities and pressures on human being due to many reasons, the stress level has been rising at a phenomenal rate. The factor, which contributes to the stress, differs between cultures and within the cultures too.  Job is the major source of the satisfaction of the various needs, as well as of frustration and stress. Job stress has been putting considerable effect on employees job behaviour, physical and psychological well being. The cost of job stress is also high in human and monitory terms. The job attitude plays a vital role in the behaviour of an employee. It is related to the attitude of employees towards job. Job attitudes are the feelings and beliefs that largely determine how employees perceive their environment, commit themselves to intended action and ultimately behave.  To identify the level of job involvement, job involvement scale has been used. The data collected from sampled population is analysed with arithmetic summation with mean and standard deviation.  The attempts have been done in this study the job stress of the occupation policemen and journalists and its relation with job attitude and job involvement. The study revealed that policemen have more job stress as compared with the journalists. The journalists has comparative good attitude towards their job and involvement too.

Keywords: Job Stress, job involvement, Job Attitude 

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Indian Journal of Industrial Relations – Vol.35, No.2 Oct.1999. Indian Journal of Industrial Relations – Vol.38, No.3 Jan. 2003. Manpower Journal Vol. XXXVIII, No.1, Institute of Applied Manpower Research, Plot No.25, Sector A-7, Institutional Area, Nerela, Delhi-110040. Gyan Publishing House, New Delhi. April-June 2002. Indian Journal of Industrial Relations – Vol.39, No.4 April 2004. Prestige Journal of Management and Research – Vol. 7, No.2 Oct.2004.

Hanae Errhouni

MENTAL HEALTH, SELF-EFFICACY AND JOB SATISFACTION

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5410/5414

 

Job satisfaction refers to the extent to which employees like their jobs, it has been one of the most widely researched constructs in the organizational behavior literature. Despite its popularity and importance, very few studies have examined its relationship with self-efficacy and mental health of the employees. The present study attempts to investigate the relationship that job satisfaction shares with self-efficacy and mental health.

Keywords: Job satisfaction, efficiency, self-efficacy, mental health, work attitudes.

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Bandura,A (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. Bandura,A (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York: Freeman. Chen.G, Gully, S.M & Eden (2001) Validation of a New General Self-Efficacy Scale. Organizational Research Methods, 4, (1), 62-83. Locke, E.A (1969). What is job satisfaction? Organization Behavior and Human Performance, Vol.4 pp 309-336. Meyer, J.P and Allen N.J (1997). Commitment in the Workplace: Theory, Research and Application. California: Sage Publications, Morrow, P.C (1993). The Theory and Measurement of Work Commitment, JAI Press, Greenwitch, CT. Stajkovic, A.D & Luthans. F (1998). Self-efficacy and work related performance: A meta-analysis, Psychological Bulletin, 124,240-261.

Shankar Choudhary & Rati Mishra

AN IMPACT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ON RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION OF HRM IN SELECTED CEMENT INDUSTRY

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5415/5426

 Human Resource Management (HRM) is an important concept for any organization and it is the basic for achieving competitive advantage and the company performance which is influenced by a set of effective HRM practices. Managing human resources is a challenging task as compared to managing technology or capital and any other resources and for effective management of human resources, organization entails an effective HRM system. Information technology has been proved to be a boon to provide more efficient processes that would eventually lead to lower cost products and services and better human resource management. Studying the impact of information technology on human resource management and manpower in particular is very crucial. Thus, it is relevant to take a preview on the impact of advanced technological innovation to the establishment and upgrading of human resource. The present research study is confined to study of employee’s perception regarding the information technology in HR Practices as well as role and impact of IT on recruitment and selection of HR practices. For the purpose of data collection, respondents were selected from cement companies of Southern Rajasthan State of India. It also aims at gathering information about the effectiveness of current IT practices followed and the difference they made to the growth and development of human resources and level of the agreement through the study of various IT and HR schemes and practices.

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Krishnakumar (2009), “Human resource management practices in cement industry in India”. A study with special reference to sankari cements, January 2009. Kumar Pardeep (2015). Research Article Technological Development and Change In Cement Industry In India. International Journal of Recent Scientific Research Vol. 6, Issue, 4, pp.3575-3583, April, 2015. Papercamp (2013). Cement Industry. http://www.papercamp.com/essay/156735/Cement-Industry UK Essays (2015). Pest analysis of cement industry Introduction Of Cement Industry :http://www.ukessays.co.uk/essays/accounting/pest-anaylsis-of-cement-industry.php#ixzz3sxskJwFu Walker, J. (1994) “Integrating the human resources function with the business’, Human Resource Planning, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 59-77.

Yogesh Punia

MOOCS: AN EMERGING TEACHING STRATEGY

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5427/5432

The Advent of MOOCS has been very well received by the Educational Institutions around the world. One of the major factors that drive this trend is the availability of digital access to almost all parts of the world and the availability of ICT Infrastructure in Schools. It is this paper’s aim to provide an overview of the history, types of MOOCs and the certain factors that will help us see them supporting the present classroom practices.

 
 
 
 
 
 
Keywords : MOOCs ,ICT , Spotify , OER etc. 

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Adamopoulos, A. (2013). What makes a great MOOC? An interdisciplinary analysis of student retention in online courses. Paper presented at the Thirty-Fourth International Conference on Information Systems, Milan, Italy. Coetzee, D., Lim, S., Fox, A., Hartmann, B., and Hearst, M. A. (2015). Structuring interactions for large-scale synchronous peer learning. In Proceedings of the 18th ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing (CSCW), Vancouver, Canada (pp. 1139– 1152). DeBoer, J., Ho, A., Stump, G. S., & Breslow, L. (2014). Changing “Course”: Reconceptualising educational variables for massive open online courses. Educational Researcher, 43(2), 74–84. doi:10.3102/0013189X14523038

Mrs. Mintu Sinha & Bhagwan Balani

A STUDY OF EFFECTIVENESS OF TOOLKIT OF LIFE SKILL EDUCATION PROGRAMME ON BODILY-KINAESTHETIC INTELLIGENCE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5433/5442

Lazear, D. G. (1994) in his book, “pathway of learning, teaching students and parent about multiple intelligences” describes bodily-kinaesthetic intelligence, a process of knowing that occurs through physical movement and performance (learning by doing). It employs such tools as dance, drama, physical games, mime role-play, body language, physical exercise and inventing. Bruce Campbell (2008) in his book, “Handbook of Differentiated Instruction Using the Multiple Intelligences Lesson Plans & More” describes bolily-kinaesthetic intelligence as the capacity to manipulate objects and use a variety of physical skills. This intelligence also involves a sense of timing, and the perfection of skills through mind-body union. Athletes, dancers, surgeons, and craftspeople exhibit highly developed kinaesthetic intelligence. This paper focuses outcome of an experimental study  on effectiveness of toolkit of life skill education programme on Bodily-kinaesthetic intelligence of secondary school students. The experiments were conducted in more than 20 secondary schools. Purposive and Convenient sampling technique has been used for drawing the sample. Secondary schools affiliated to SSC board were considered for the study. The project was carried out in English medium and co- education type of schools.These findings of the study indicate that the gain scores of experimental and control groups differ significantly.  It can thus be inferred that intervention programme organized has helped to develop Bodily-kinaesthetic intelligence in the students of standard VIII of the experimental group. It can be inferred that the contribution of intervention of the educational programme (Toolkit) in the development of Bodily-kinaesthetic intelligence is 13.41%. Thus it can be concluded that the intervention of the educational programme (Toolkit) has helped to enhance Bodily-kinaesthetic intelligence among VIII standard students.

Keywords: Effectiveness, Toolkit, Life Skill Education Programme, Bodily-kinaesthetic Intelligence, Secondary School Students

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Abdallah, Mahmoud Mohammad Sayed. "Multiple Ways to be Smart: Gardener's Theory of Multiple Intelligences and its Educational Implications in English Teaching and Oral Communication." Online Submission (2008). Amstrong Thomas (1999) 7 Kinds of Smart: Identifying and Developing Your Multiple Intelligences, Plume, Penguin Books Ltd. USA, page no.10. Bruce Campbell (2008). Handbook of Differentiated Instruction Using the Multiple Intelligences Lesson Plans & More, Pearson Education, Inc, USA Buschick Mary E., B.S., Shipton Tracey A., B.S., Winner Laurie M., B.S., Wise Melissa D., B.S. (May 2007): Increasing Reading Motivation In Elementary And Middle School Students Through The Use Of Multiple Intelligences. Saint Xavier University & Pearson Achievement Solutions Field-Based Master’s Program Chicago, Illinois. ERIC No.ED498926. Davis Linda (2004):Using the Theory of Multiple Intelligences to Increase Fourth Grade Students’ Academic Achievement in Science. Nova Southeastern University. Gardner, Howard.(1993) Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences (20th Anniversary Edition). NY: Basic Books. Lazear, D. G. (1994). Seven pathways of learning: Teaching students and parents about multiple intelligences. Zephyr PressLearning Materials. Page no.7 Osman Nafiz Kaya &Jazlin Ebenezer (2006):Invisible Obstacles on the Implementation of Multiple Intelligences Theory in K-8 Classrooms in Turkey: Wayne State University, College of Education,Department of Science Education, Detroit-MI, USA.

Shankar Chaudhary

SCM ERP IN CEMENT INDUSTRIES AND ITS REPERCUSSIONS : AN OVERVIEW

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5443/5447

ERP in Supply chain management provides  the lapses of materials, information processed , and financial  as they move in a process starting  from purveyor to producer to wholesaler to vendor to customer. ERP software involves coordinating and integrating these flows both within and among companies.  the ultimate goal of any effective supply chain management system is to reduce inventory in all the process  at all the level and increases the process efficiently.

 
 
 
 
 
 
Keywords: ERP, Supply chain, material, logistics, supplier, production 

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www.erpfocus.com www.ibm.com www.erppandit.com www.adityabirla.com www.himpub.com

Sonia Pal & D. S. Gadia

GADHWAL MANDAL ME STHIT SARKARI ENAV NIJI VISHWAVIDHYALAYO TATHA UNSE ADHYAPAK PRASHIKSHAN SANSTHAO ME ADHYAYANRAT CHATRADHAPIKAO KI SHIKSHAN KR PRATI ABHIVRUTTI KA ADHYAYAN

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5448/5456

 

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Usha. K

PICTURE EXCHANGE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM (PECS) TO COMMUNICATE FUNCTIONALLY BY A CHILD WITH AUTISM: A SINGLE CASE EXPERIMENTAL STUDY

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5457/5470


The present investigation is attempted to find out the effect of Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) on improvisation of Functional Communication Skills in children with autism. Single case experimental research design was used in the present study. A 5 year old child with moderate autism having moderate communication ability was identified from the Care for Autism Center, Hyderabad. Indian Scale for Assessment of Autism (ISSA) was used to assess the level of autism and Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) was used to assess the verbal and non verbal communication to find out the level of communication. Functional communication assessment checklist was used to determine communicative competence. Reinforcer assessment checklist was used to find out the reinforcer for food items, play items, activity materials, brushing and bathing, items. After prioritizing the items, 15 items which are necessary for functional communication purpose were selected for training by using PECS. After collecting the baseline, the PECS intervention was initiated.  Everyday five sessions were conducted during snacks time, after lunch, and during play time and before leaving from the school for a period of 12 weeks. PECS training was implemented till Phase IV. PECS assessment checklist was used to collect the data on Functional Communication Skills. Pre, mid and post assessment was done. The Mid assessment was done at every 10th session and performance was recorded. Mean scores were computed for each domain The pre mean scores is 1.00 and post mean scores is 5.00. Gradual improvement was seen during the mid assessment.  The result indicates that the PECS training was effective in improvement of functional communication skills in a child with autism.

Key terms: Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS), child with autism, functional communication skills 

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Schwartz, I. S., Garfinkle, A. N., & Bauer, J. (1998). The Picture Exchange Communication System: Communicative outcomes for young children with disabilities. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 18, 144 –159. Ganz and Simpson (2004) Effects on communicative requesting and speech development of the picture exchange communication system in children with characteristics of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34, 395–409. Marckel, J.M, Neef, N.A. & Ferreri, S.J. (2006). A preliminary analysis of teaching improvisation with the picture exchange communication system to children with autism. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 39, 109-115. Carr and Felce (2007) The effects of PECS teaching to phase III on the communicative interactions between children with autism and their teachers. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37, 724–737.

Nivedita & Anju Rani

ETIQUETTES –THE ART OF LIVING

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5471/5474


Etiquettes are the mirror of an individual’s personality .Our ideals of life, philosophy and thoughts can only be displayed by etiquettes. Etiquettes are an indispensable part of personality of a teacher. A teacher should strive for the ethical excellence and to inculcate the mannerism in his students, who are the future of the nation. The present paper focuses on what are etiquettes, etiquettes and a teacher and some ways to maintain etiquettes.

Keywords: Etiquettes, meaning of teacher 

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Sharma Meenakshi .2001 . ‘Commitment among teachers –Some issues’ ,university News Parmanand Swami, The Katah Upnishad Eyring Pamela . sep 16 ,2013 .Modern etiquettes- Minding your work place (www.psow.edu) Brooks Chad (Swiss writer). june 9,2014. 12 Cubile Etiquettes –Do ‘s and Don’ts www.businessnews daily.com Joseph chris .10 characteristics of professionals . Huston chronicles / P.O.Box 4260 .Texas A Better Child .info@ a-better-child.org. W.Caron saron .may 6, 2011 .Etiquettes Tips For Gifts Parentous ,March 20, 2013. the need for etiquettes. http:/www. shocks and shoes.blog.spot.com Anand ,S.P. 1980.Teacher’s Values and Job satisfaction. Indian Educational review ,p -24-34 Prof.Pagana emeritus at Lycoming College, William’s port, Penn and president of Keynotes and Presentations, Career Advancement) Ancient education system in India.Dec.15, 2011.Indiatva.com the essence of being Indian

Dimple Viz & Navdeep Kaur

EFFECT OF BLENDED LEARNING APPROACH ON ACHIEVEMENT IN GEOGRAPHY AT SECONDARY SCHOOL STAGE

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5478/5485

 

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Akkoyunlu, B. &Soylu, M. Y. (2006) A study on students’ views on blended learning environment. Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education, 7, 43–56. Retrieved from http://tojde.anadolu.edu.tr/tojde23/pdf/article_3.pdf Qahtani, A. A., & Higgins, S. E. (2013).Effects of traditional, blended and e?learning on students' achievement in higher education. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 29(3), 220-234. Clark, R. C. & Mayer, R. E. (2007) E-learning and the science of instruction: Proven guidelines for consumers and designers of multimedia learning. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass/Pfeiffer. Dziuban, C.D., Hartman, J., Juge, F., Moskal, P.D., &Sorg, S. (2005).Blended learning: Online learning enters the mainstream. In C.J. Bonk & C. Graham (Eds.), Handbook of Blended Learning Environment. Pfeiffer Publications. Garnham, C. &Kaleta, R. (2002) Introduction to hybrid courses.Teaching with Technology Today, 8, 6. Retrieved from http://www.uwsa.edu/ttt/articles/garnham.htm Gould, T. (2003) Hybrid classes: Maximizing institutional resources and student learning.Proceedings of the 2003 ASCUE conference, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. Graff, M. (2003, October).Individual differences in sense of classroom community in a blended learning environment. Journal of Educational Media, 28(2-3), 203-210. Gutierrez, F. M. (2006) Faculty best practices using blended learning in e-learning and face-to-face instruction. Inter- national Journal on E-Learning, 5, 313–337.

Shalini Chandra & Yogita Kalra

IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AGRICULTURE SECTOR OF RAJASTHAN

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5486/5492


This study was undertaken to study the effect of climate changes on agriculture in Rajasthan on the seasonal crops of Rabi and Kharif. Among the major  elements of climate-  temperature ,pressure ,wind ,humidity ,area and rain ,the    present study focuses on  temperature (Minimum & Maximum) ,rain fall and area under production . It was found that the Barley the Rabi Crop was the most effected crop and Sikar was the most effected district among the 21 districts taken under the study.

Keywords: Climate change, Rabi, Kharif  

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Deressa T, Hassan T and Poonyth D. MEASURING THE IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON SOUTH AFRICAN AGRICULTURE: THE CASE OF SUGERCANE GROWING REGIONS. A grekon(Agriculture Economics Association of South Africa), Vol. 44, No.4, December 2005. Hanif Uzma, Syed Shabib, Ahmad Rafique and Malik Kuser Abdullah. ECONOMIC IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON AGRICULTURE SECTOR OF PINJAB. The Pakistan Development Review, 2010. www.censusindia.gov.in www.indianenvironmentalportal.org.in www.krishi.rajasthan.gov.in www.mapsofindia.com www.rajasthanstat.com www.rpcb.rajasthan.gov.in www.statistics.rajasthan.gov.in www.waterresources.gov.in

Naresh Patel & Seema Bhupendra

HABIB TANVIR’S CHARANDAS CHOR: RENEGOTIATING THE HUMANE

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5493/5501

Habib Tanvir emerged as one of the most powerful and popular Indian Urdu and Hindi playwright, director, actor and a poet who innovatively reshaped the contours of contemporary Indian stage.. He pioneered the revival of interest in folk performance traditions and made it into a significant influential category in regard to contemporary theatre practice in India. Tanvir artistically fused the traditional and modern elements in his dramaturgy which made his plays socially relevant, having a touch of his own secular, democratic and humane vision. Habib Tanvir’s seminal play Charandas Chor (1975) translated in English by Anjum Katyal (2004) is the most celebrated, most popular, most humane and most performed play all over the world.. The play based on a Rajasthani folk tale by Vijaydan Detha presents a heroic portrayal of an honest thief whose humanitarian zeal exposes the double standards of the world. Tanvir renegotiates the idea of humane by powerfully projecting the reversal of social hierarchy where truthfulness, honesty, integrity, moral values and even professional efficiency belong to a thief and the so called civilized people of higher strata of society are precisely devoid of these virtues.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keywords: Contemporary theatre ,folk traditions ,Charandas, truthfulness ,humane. 

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Deshpande, Sudhanva. “Obituary: Citizen of the world.” Frontline 3 July 2009, 109-113. Print. Dharwadker, Aparna Bhargava. Theatres of Independence: Drama, Theory, and Urban Performance in India since 1947. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2011. Print.

Sanjay Trama & Ajay Kumar

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF CHILDHOOD OBESITY OF BOYS FROM URBAN AND RURAL SCHOOLS OF HARYANA

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5502/5506

Urbanization and modernization, sedentary life, consumption of oily and junk food and other life style changes has contributed to overweight and obesity to large extent. The purpose of the study was to explore prevalence of obesity and nutritional deficiency in school going children of rural and urban schools of Haryana, India. The study was done between school boys of 10 -12 years from urban and rural areas of Haryana and it shows that urban students are significantly more over weight and obese where as rural students are significantly more under nourished and fall in starvation category. Digital weighing machine and stadiometer were used to examine the BMI of the subjects. High percentage of overweight and obesity was found in students of urban school. Perhaps high demand of exposure to nutritional values is required in rural and urban school going students.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keywords- BMI, WHO, Obesity, starvation   

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Styne DM. Childhood and Adolescent Obesity. PCNA 2001; 48: 823-847. Must A, PF Jacques, GE Dallal, CJ Bajema, WH Dietz. Long-term morbidity and mortality of overweight adolescents. A follow-up of the Harvard Growth Study of 19 1922 to 1935. N Engl J Med 1992; 327: 1350-1355. Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic. Report of a WHO consultation. Geneva, World Health Organisation 2000 (WHO Technical Report Series, No.894). Kissebah AH, Freedman DS, Peiris AN. Health risks of obesity. Med Clin North Am 1989; 73: 111-38. Baron RB. Obesity in chapter on nutrition, edited by Tierney Jr. LM, McPhee SJ, Papadakis MA, Current Medical Diagnosis and Treatment 2003, 42nd Ed, New Delhi, Lange Medical Books/McGraw–Hill, 2003; 1224-7. Després JP, Lemieux I. Prud’homme D. Treatment of obesity: need to focus on high risk abdominally obese patients. Br Med J 2001; 322: 716-20.

Sanjay Trama

ROLE OF MEDIA IN SPORTS

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5507/5510

 Globalisation of sports events reaches its highest point with genuine global sports events such as Olympic Games, Cricket world cup, Pro Kabaddi League, Hockey Premier League, Indian Premier League and Football world cup. Nowadays, this economic significance is more delineated. The most globalised features of the sports economy today are represented by sports show and sports mega events. Since the beginning of 20th century there has been a rapid growth in the number of world or big international sports events per year, there were20 sports events in 1912, 315 events in 1977, 660 in 1987 and 1000 in 2005. Almost an average of 3 events per day. The audience of such events is increasing on a global scale due to television broadcasting.

 

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Birrell S, Cole LC. (eds) Women, Sport and Culture. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 1994, 245-322. Birrell S, Theberge N. ‘Ideological control of women in sport’, in D.M. Costa and S.R. Guthrie (eds), Women in Sport, 1994. Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, 341-60. Daddario G. ‘Chilly scenes of the 1992 Winter Games: the mass media and the marginalization of female athletes’, Sociology of Sport Journal 1994; 11(3):275- 88. Davis LR, Harris O. ‘Race and ethnicity in US sports media’ in L.A. Wenner (ed.), MediaSport. London: Routledge 1998; 154-69. Duncan MC. ‘Sports photography and sexual difference. Images of women and men in the, 1984 and 1988 Olympic Games’, Sociology of Sport Journal 1990; 7(1):22-43. Duncan MC, Hasbrook C. ‘Denial of power in televised women’s sport’, Sociology of Sport Journal 1988 5:1- 21. Dequincy M. ‘Fashion and fitness images in women’s magazine advertisements’, Arena Review 1989; 13:97- 109.

Amardeep Kaur

RISK TAKING BEHAVIOUR OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN RELATION TO EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5511/5520

The present study has been conducted to investigate the risk taking behaviour of Secondary School Students in relation to their Emotional Intelligence. The study was made on a random sample of two hundred Secondary School Students, with equal number of males and females, from senior secondary and high schools of Kotkapura city in Faridkot district of Punjab.RTQ bySinha and Arora (1982) and Mangal Emotional Intelligence Inventory by Mangal and Mangal (2004) were used to collect the data.The analysis of data revealed no significant difference in the risk taking behaviour and emotional intelligence of Secondary School Studentsmales and females.The investigators also observed that there was significant correlation between risk taking behaviour and emotional intelligence.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keywords: Risk taking behaviour, Emotional intelligence, Secondary School Students. 

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Ashima (2008), EmotionalIntelligenceinrelationtoMentalHealthandAdjustment, M. Ed. Dissertation, Panjab University, Chandigarh. Collins, H. (2002),EnglishDictionary, Harper Collins Publishers, Glasgow. Garrett, H. E. (2005), Statistics in Physiology and Education, Paragon International Publishers, New Delhi. Goleman, D. (1995), EmotionalIntelligence, Why it can matter more than IQ, Bantom Books, New York. Kaur, P. (2007),AStudy of Risk Taking Behaviour of Secondary School Students in relation to their Locus of Control,Unpublished M.Ed. Dissertation, Panjab University, Chandigarh. Kaur, R. (2010),Risk Taking Behaviour in relation to Stress among Adolescents,Unpublished M.Ed. Dissertation, Panjab University, Chandigarh. Kaur, S. (2009),Adjustment and Risk Taking Behaviour of Sports Students and Amateur Sports Students,Unpublished M.Ed. Dissertation, Panjab University, Chandigarh. Kothari, R. C. (1990), Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques, 2nd Ed, Viswa Prakash, New Delhi. Mangal, S. K. and Mangal, S. (2004), Mangal Emotional Intelligence Inventory, (National Psychological Corporation, Agra). N L I W (2002),National Level Interactive Workshop, Organised by Chamber of Commerce and Industry,New Delhi. Singh,D. (2003),Emotional Intelligence at work, Response Books Publications, New Delhi. Singh, G. (2009),A study of relationship of Emotional Intelligence with Effectiveness of school teachers in teaching,UnpublishedM.Ed. Dissertation, Panjab University, Chandigarh. Sinha, V. and Arora, P. N. (1982), Risk Taking Questionnaire, (National Psychological Corporation, Agra). Todd, L.D. (2007),The relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Student Teachers’ Performance,Ph.D. Thesis, University of Nebransha Lincon.

Madhuri Hooda & Rani Devi

SIGNIFICANCE OF COGNITIVE STYLE FOR ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN MATHEMATICS

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5521/5527

Cognitive style is considered to be a personality dimension that influences attitudes, values and social interaction. Cognitive Style refers to two parts of the brain i.e. left hemisphere and right hemisphere of the brain. The left brain hemisphere includes sequence, Time Analysis, Abstraction, Causation, Uniform, objective and Reason. Whereas right brain hemisphere includes simultaneous, Space,Synthesis, Concrete and many ways. In this article cognitive Style has five dimensions i.e. Integrated style, Intuitive Style, Split Style, Systematic Style and Undifferentiated style. The ministry of education should cautioned teachers about the importance of cognitive styles during teaching and learning process. The mathematics teacher should take importance of cognitive styles during preparing their lesson plan and teaching aids.

Keywords: Cognitive Style, Hemisphere, Teachers. 

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performance, Educational Studies in Mathematics, 70, 5-26. Pitta-Pantazi, D., & Christou, C. (2009). Mathematical creativity and cognitive styles. In M. Tzekaki, M. Kaldrimidou, & H. Sakonidis (Eds.), Proceedings of the 33rd Conference of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education. 4, 377-384. Thessaloniki, Greece: PME Kozhevnikov, M., Hegarty, M., & Mayer, R.E. (2002). Revising the visualizer/verbalizer dimension: evidence for two types of visualizers. Cognition & Instruction, 20, 47-77. Van Garderen, D. (2006). Spatial visualization, visual imagery, and mathematical problem solving of students with varying abilities. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 39(6), 496-506. Srinivas Kumar, D. (2011). Introduction to Cognitive Styles and Learning Styles. Kuppam: Prasaranga, Publications Bureau, Dravidian University.

Mr. Alik Kumar Mondal

A STUDY ON THE EDUCATIONAL AND VOCATIONAL SUPPORT EXTENDED TO MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN IN BEHALA BODHAYAN, A NON-GOVT ORGANIZATION OF KOLKATA

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5528/5536

Government of India has made the children with Disabilities Act (1995) in which children with special needs have the right to be educated with nondisabled children of their own age. But still at present many children with disabilities have deprived of basic some basic facilities like health, education and protection. At present, many NGOs are working with the government for the betterment of the disabled children and trying to mainstreaming them providing educational, vocational, health and other facilities. The major objective of the present study is to analyze the role of an NGO (Behala Bodhayan) for mentally retarded children. We found from this study that with the thorough educational support, vocational support and behavioral training Behala Bodhayan has success to engage many Mentally Retarded (MR) children in mainstreaming them.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keyword: Children with Disability Act (1995), Mentally Retarded (MR) Children, Educational support, Vocational support. 

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Kar. C, Exceptional Children, Their Psychology and Education, Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. 2008, pp- 15 – 16 Narayan. J, Maji. A, (1991). Development of skills in mentally retarded children. The effect of home training Indian Educational review Vol-26(3) 29-41. SAVITRI, V.V., A study of the personality characteristics and behavioural dimensions of the educable mentally retarded children studying in Bangalore city, Ph.D. Edu., Ban. U., 1986-4 Behala Bodhayan. (2001). Journey to a new horizon. Retrieve from http://www.behalabodhayan.org Blaton. E, A helpful guide in the training of a mentally retarded child, Virginia State Dept. of Health, Bureau of Crippled Children; available from: National Association for Retarded Children, New York; Rev edition. 1968, pp- 3 – 12 Child Line. (2017, Mar 1). CHILD Protection & Child Rights. Retrieve from http://childlineindia.org.in/Persons-with-Disabilities-Act-1995.htm Statistics of disabled children retrieve from http://helpinghuman.co.in/our-cells/child-issues

Mr. Ajay Kumar

EFFECTS OF YOGA ON LOW BACK STABILITY, STRENGTH AND ENDURANCE

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5537/5539

AIMS: To investigate the effects of Yoga on improving low back stability (threshold of stability, and mean total velocity of center of pressure), trunk strength (isometric strength in extension and flexion), and back endurance (isometric endurance in extension, flexion, and side laterals).

Keywords:

1.      LBP (Low Back Pain)

2.      CAM (Complementary Alternative Medicine)

3.      TOS (Threshold Of Stability) 

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Andersson, E.A., et al., 1996. EMG activities of the quadratus lumborum and erector spine muscles during flexion relaxation and other motor tasks. Clin. Biomech. (Bristol, Avon) 11 (7), 392-400. Akuthota, V. A. Ferreiro, T. Moore, and M. Fredericson. 2008. Core stability exercise principles. Curr. Sports med. Rep., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 39-44. Bastille J.V., Gill-Body K.M. 2004. A Yoga-Based Exercise Program for People with Chronic Poststroke Hemiparesis. Physical Therapy January vol. 84 no. 1 33-48 Behn D.G., Kenneth A., Curnew R. S., Muscle force and activation under stable and unstable conditions. J. Strength Cond. Res.3:416–422. 2002 Benson, H. (2000). The relaxation response. New York: Benson, Herbert; Beary, John F.; Carol, Mark P. Biering-Sorensen F., 1984. Physical Measurements as risk indicators for low back trouble over a one-year period. Spine, 9:106-119 Bogduk N.., 2004. Management of chronic low back pain. Med J Aust. 180: 79-83. [PMID: 14723591] Brochu, M., Savage, P., Lee, M., Dee, J., Cress, M., Poehlman, E., Tischler, M. & Ades, P. 2002. Effects of resistance training on physical funct

Jagdish B. Rathod

HYPNOTISM FOR DEVELOPMENT CONCENTRATION AND LISTENING SKILLS

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5540/5542

When you can concentrate your mind on goal and self-enrichment you must clear the minds passage ways in concentrate & losing carefully. The listening is the basis of concentration which develop by the help of hypnotism. The researchers focus on listening skills for education development of students used a standardized tell to assess seven listening sub skills. To the educational development identify present states of the students for concentration & listening sub skill components. Research question of the study was as what it  the present status seven sub skills of listening are weak in ahmednagarsavedi area students. They need special treatment .

Keywords: concentration forListening skills. 

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https://enwikipedia org/wiki/cognitive development https://www.languageinindia.com/aug2012 patil (1997) to develop industrial programmed for developing functional competencies through teaching. Patil A.B (2011) Developing computer based activities to teach & test listening & speaking skills in English www.cbseacademic.inweb_material_calculate 2012-63 guideline for assessment of speaking and listening skills.

Subhash Singh

NEW APPROUCH & INITIATIVES IN HIGHER EDUCATION

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5543/5545


The Indian Higher Education System, which includes Technical Education, is one of the largest of the world , just after the United States and China. Higher Education is the most powerful tool to build a knowledge-based society for the future. Higher Education provides people with an opportunity to reflect on the critical social, economic, cultural, moral and spiritual issues facing humanity. It contributes to national development through dissemination of specialized  knowledge and skills. Being at the apex of the educational pyramid, it plays a key role in producing quality teachers for the country’s education. The National Policy on Education-1986, revised in 1992 (NPE) states that in Higher Education in general and Technical Education in particular, steps will be taken to facilitate inter-regional mobility by providing equal access to every Indian of requisite merit regardless of his origins. The future belongs to India-the largest vibrant democracy in the world, teeming with opportunities. With hope in their eyes and a yearning to learn, the youth of this great nation awaits a new paradigm of education that fosters knowledge with analytical skills, logical reasoning and the ability to imagine beyond the  given; that aims at transforming lives by instilling 21st century skills and stimulating lifelong learning. The commitment of the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) for the future and its steps, so  far, are in this direction. Education for any person is not only a tool to enhance  his understanding and knowledge of everything present and happening around him but is also an  avenue for ensuring an all-round growth and  development of his or her personality in all respects.

Keyword: GER, SSC, SAMVAY, PMMMNMTT, GIAN, LPR, SAKSHAM, ISHAN, UDAY 

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Chadha, G.K., Sudhanshu Bhushan and Murlidhar (2008): Teachers in University and Colleges – Availability and Service Condition, Study sponsored by UGC. Committee for Review of National Policy on Education, 1986(1991): Report of the Committee for review of National Policy in Education 1986, Final Report 26th December, 1990. Dubey, Amaresh (2007): Determinants of Post-Higher Education, Study sponsored by UGC. Duraisamy P. (2007): Enrolment Projections for Inclusive Higher Education in the 11th Five Year Plan, Study sponsored by UGC. Furqan Qamar (2007) : Quality and Excellence in Higher Education, Study sponsored by UGC. Government of India (2007): National Knowledge Commission-Report to the Nation 2006, New Delhi.

Rashmi Shrivastava

UTTAR PRADESH ME VIBHINNA SHIKSHA PARISHADON DVARA NIRDHARIT KASHA 8 KI NAGARIK SHASTRONKI PATHYAPUSTAKO ME UPASTHIT NAGARIK BHAV KA ADHYAYAN

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5556/5564

 

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Sarita Tiwari

INTERNATIONAL LEGAL STREAK FOR BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5564/5570

We have seen that Environmental and Ecological constraints have symbolized our thinking towards new goals, or goals which have been neglected under the influence of a culture of mass production and consumption. The concept of respecting and protecting the human environment has its objective the fulfillment of the legislature, immediate ambitions of individuals and nations as well as the interests of future generation. The rectification of past errors, wherever possible, has its objects the provisions of better opportunities for development and progress.After Second World War, a new phase started in which nations started addressing the environmental issues and started forming international organizations. It was also during this period that there was a growing awareness about the relationship between economic development and environmental degradation and its preservation. During this period, the main reasons for the development of international environmental law were the advancement in science and technology and the unprecedented unscientific exploitation of the natural resources. 

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See generally, Bell and McGillivray, Environmental Law, IUCN, An Eye on Nature, online: www.iucn.org; (2008); B. Ward and R. Dubos, Only One Earth: The Care and Maintenance of a Small Planet, 1972; Philip Sands, Principles of International Environment Law,1-17(1995). Philip Sands, Principles of International Environment law, (1995) Moore’s International Arbitration Awards, 755(1998) See, generally, Birnie and Boyle, International law and the Environment, 545-589 (1992); Kiss and D. Shelton, International Environmental Law, 1-20 (1991).

Deepti Khare

EFFECT OF WOMEN EMPOWERMENT ON STATUS AND ATTITUDE OF RURAL WOMEN

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5571/5577


The position of rural women in society as well in family; becomes directly proportional to the level of education. Secondly, it is seen that education plays an important role in the enhancement of status/position of women. In the light of facts, it may be concluded that the educated working women have higher position in the Indian society in comparison to non working women. The women are doing jobs due to their individual desires, personal attitudes, the curiosity for getting higher position in society, for utilizing the time, to do the economic help of their families, to take benefit of their education etc. The women of all the caste categories are in the favour of the implementation of the social legislations made for the uplift of the women. The status of rural women is enhanced due to the impact of the social provisions and legislations. Today the constitution grants immense power to the women. She has the right or equal status in social, cultural, economic and political fields. The lag was the will at her own part to claim equality with them. It was the world of her own disbelief and ignorance which always kept her as the shadow of her man. As such the first step towards up gradation is to educate her and made her conscious of her position and status. 

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Hette C.A. ; The socio-economic conditions of educated working in Bombay city, University Press, Bombay, 1980, p.162. Desai Neera ; Women in Modern India, Vora & Com; Bombay, 1957, p. 253. Sethi K.P. ; The Status of working : A case study based on rural & urban women, Ashish Publications, Bombay, 2005, p. 162-163. Banarjee Kanika ; Impact of Modernity on Rural women ; A Journal & Social Issues, Vol.28,No.3, 1973, p.50. Shamsuddin ; Modern Women of Ancient India, Hindustan Times, New Delhi, April 3,1985. The Oxford English Dictionary, The University of Great Britain, Vol. I, 1972, p. 592. Singh Yogendra; Modernization of Indian Traditions, Thompson Press, New Delhi, 1973, p.61.

Harshendra Pratap Singh

A STUDY OF POLITICAL AWARENESS AMONG SCHEDULED CASTES' WOMEN IN LUCKNOW DISTRICT OF U.P.

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5578/5583

After independence, the political scene in our country has changes. The new political culture has brought lower sections into the domain of politics. The question which now arises is that of the extent of political awareness and political participation among scheduled castes, particularly the women among these castes. Regarding the extent of political participation among scheduled castes’ women, 18.0 percent each exhibit high and medium levels, 56.0 percent show low level of political participation and remaining 8.0 percent don’t participate at all. As compared to political awareness, participation seems to be less, but the fact remains that scheduled castes’ women and the Indian women in general don’t get much opportunity for political participation, except for voting on election  day. Even the turn out during the elections in Uttar Pradesh is quite low as compared to many other states. Keeping in mind their traditional apolitical nature, it can safely be said that they have started participation in political affairs and this may increase with the increase in their level of education and mass media exposure. As regards the determinants of political participation among scheduled castes’ women, age, family size and membership of political parties, are found as the significant determinants. Participation increases with the increase in the age. It also shows an increase with the increase in family size. Political participation is definitely more among those women who, are members of political parties. Contrary to political awareness, variables/attributes of marital status, education, parents’ education and family income do not contribute much to political participation among the S.Cs. selected women. , we can conclude that scheduled castes’ women have acquired significant extent of political awareness and have started participating in political activities, though their extent of political participation is still low. We can’t say that scheduled castes’ women still constitute an a political stratum and they do not seem to lag behind high castes’ women. This is a healthy sign for our democracy.

Keywords: Political Participation, Scheduled castes’, Political Stratum, Voting Behavior. 

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Agrawal S.C.; Participation & Voting Behaviour in Uttar Pradesh : A study of the Fourth general election, unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, The University of Aligarh (A.M.U.) 1972 page-11. Mehta P.K.; Political Efficacy, Participation and Politics; in ICSSR Research Abstracts (Quarterly Journal), Vol. VI (3-4), 1977, 3. Khan A.H.; Political awareness and participation among the Muslim Women : A case study of Gujrat; Thacker Publishing Co. Bombay, 1979, p.13.

U. V. Singh

SOCIALIZATION TO SPORT INVOLVEMENT : INFLUENCE OF FAMILY AND EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION” - A SOCIOLOGICAL STUDY

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5584/5588

 

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Hart, B.J. 1969 ; Dimensions of Physical Activity, Englewood Cliffe, Prentice Hall of India, p. 291. Ferris, Elizabeth, 1981 ; “Women in Sports; A question of freedom” in Brons J.M., Hebbolinck and A. Venerondo (ed)., Medicine Sport, Vol. 14, Barger Basil, p. 4-10. Gupta, S.K. 1981 ; “Social Correlation of participants in sport by Young Athletes in an Indian States”, Paper presented in XI World Congress of Sociology, New Delhi, India, p. 11-13. Gras, F. 1986 ; “The Development of Physical Education and Sport in Developing Countries”, Paper presented in XI World Congress of Sociology, New Delhi, India, p. 7. Holland, Judith R. and Carole Oglesby, 1979 ; “Women in sport; a synthesis begins”. The Annals of American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, 4th Sept. 1979, pp. 80-90. Kenyon, G.S. and Mc Pherson, B.D. 1969 ; “Becoming Involved in Physical Activity and Sport ; A Process of Socialization” in Loy, J.W. and G.S. Konyon, (ed) Sport, Culture and Society, New York, Mc-Millan, p. 17. Sage, George, H. 1979 ; “Sport and Social Sciences” The Annals of American Academy of Political and Social Sciences, p. 2.

Guru Prasad Rathaur

BJP PROCLAMATION FOR ABOLITION OF TRIPLE DIVORCE PRACTICED IN ISLAMIC CULTURE AND IT’S IMPACT ON UP VIDHAN SABHA ELECTION 2017

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5589/5597

The word Talaq originally meant "repudiation" or "rejection". In Muslim law, it means release from a marriage tie, immediately or eventually. In a restricted sense it means separation effected by the use of certain appropriate words by the husband and in a wide sense it means all separations for causes originating from the husband. It is also generic name for all kinds of divorce but it is particularly applied to the repudiation by or on behalf of husband. 

 

Talaq ul biddat - It is a disapproved and sinful form of Talaq. It was introduced by Ommeyyads in order to escape the strictness of law. To be of this form, it must satisfy the following conditions :

  1. Three pronouncements may be made during a single “Tuhr” either in one sentence (e.g. "I divorce thee thrice." ) or in three sentences (e.g. I divorce thee, I divorce thee, I divorce thee).
  2. A single pronouncement made during a “Tuhr” clearly indicating an intention to dissolve marriage irrevocably (e.g. "I divorce thee irrevocably").

Who    can      pronounce      Talaq   (Divorce)?
As per Islamic law, only the husband has a right to pronounce Talaq. Under Talaq-e-tafweez, a husband may delegate the authority to the wife to pronounce talk on his behalf. The husband must posses the following qualifications to be able to pronounce a valid Talaq -
Shia - He must be of sound mind and attained the age of puberty. It must be pronounced orally in the presence of two witnesses unless he is unable to speak. Further, Talaq must not be pronounced under duress or compulsion otherwise Talaq is void. It must be spoken in Arabic terms         and      strictly  in         accordance      to         sunnat.
Sunni - Only two requirements - Sound mind, attained majority. A Talaq pronounced under compulsion or intoxication is effective.

It causes child marriage, polygamy, Miser condition of women, Slave like behavior with female, Worst Post Divorce  conditions of female, Triple divorce in Islam in unjustful to women, Practice of “HALALA” is physical exploitation of female, Female are considered as a thing for entertainment and machine for reproduction, Triple divorce is abolition of “right to equality, Being a matter related to religious belief , it is hard to be abolished.   The  said proclamation of BJP leaders was just a political stunt and game  with the feelings of Muslim women.

Keywords: TALAQ, TALAQ-UL-BIDDAT, HALALA, Triple divorce, Social Practice. 

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Gupta Shail(1985) : Cinema Stars and Eight Lok Sabha Elections, Mainstream Journal, 19 January 1985 : page 12-13. Gupta Shail & Nanjia Vimal News Media and Electdonal Politics : A Case study of the role of Local News Paper of Meerut in Eighth Lok Sabha elections 1984; “Indian Political Science Review” 19(1-2) January-December (1985) page 169-174. Khan Asalam ; Marriage in Islam, Research Publications, (Rajasthan) Jaipur, 1988, p.65. Kapadia K.M. ; Marriage & Family in India, 1960, p. 48.

Sundeep Pandey & Smt. Bheema Manral

AN INVESTIGATION ON VOCATIONAL MATURITY, HOME ENVIRONMENT & LEVEL OF MODERNIZATION OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5598/5607

   This study investigates the vocational maturity, home environment and level of modernization of secondary school students. The sample consisted of 400 students (193 Boys & 207 Girls) of tenth class studying in government schools of Almora district of Uttarakhand. They were selected on the base of multi stage random sampling. The major findings of the research revealed that the majority of male and female secondary students show high level of vocational maturity. Findings also exhibits that the female secondary students have more favorable home environment that the male secondary students.
Keywords:  Vocational maturity, career maturity, home environment, modernization

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Anshu, N. (2007). A study of personal values of senior secondary school students in relation to school environment and home environment. Unpublished M.Ed Dissertation, Panjab University, Chandigarh. Best, J.W. & Kahn, J.V. (1993). Research in Education, New Delhi: Printice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd. Bhandari, R. & Lingzay, T. (2014). Vocational maturity of senior secondary school students in relation to their family environment, Scholarly Research Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies. Sept-October, 2014, vol-II/XIV, ISSN:2278-8808, pp 2138-2145. Bhardwaj, T.R. (2001). Education of Human values. New Delhi: A Mittal publications Ltd. Garrett, H.E. & Woodsworth, R.S. (1979). Statistics in Psychology and Education, Bombay: Vakils, Fevner & Simons Ltd. Lal, K. (2014). Career Maturity in Relation to Level of Aspiration in Adolescents, American International Journal of Research in Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences, vol. 5, issue 1, December 2013-February 2014, pp. 113-118. Luzzo, D.A. (1995). Gender Differences in College Student’s Career Maturity and Perceived Barriers in Career Development, Journal of Counseling & Development, vol. 73, issue 3, pp. 319–322. Super, D.E. (1955). The Dimensions and Measurement of Vocational Maturity, Teachers Carrier Records, vol. 57, pp. 151-163.

Atulkumar Parmar

POSTMODERN CANADIAN FICTION: ONDAATJE'S THE ENGLISH PATIENT

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5608/5611

 

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Bhabha, Homi. "DissemiNation: time, narrative, and the margins of the modern nation." Homi Bhabha, ed. Nation and Narration, London: Rout ledge, 1990. Print. Cook, Rufus. "Imploding Time and Geography; Narrative Compressions in Michael Ondaatje's The English Patient. " Journal of Commonwealth Literature Vol 33.2. 1998. p. 109-125. Print. Eagleton, Terry, Literary Theory: An Introduction, Oxford: Blackwell, 1995. Print. Irvine, Lorna. "Displacing the Whitman's burden in Michael Ondaatje's The English Patient. British Journal of Canadian Studies. 10.1, 1995. p. 139-145. Print. Kroetsch, Robert; Bacque, James and Gravel, Pierre. "A Conversation With Margaret Laurence." Toronto: Newest P. 1970. Print. Ondaatje, Michael (1993) The English Patient. London: Picador. Rai, Sudha. "Ondaatje's English Patient: Ideology and Form."Writers of the Indian Diaspora: Theory and Practice, ed. By Jasbir Jain, New Delhi: Rawat Publications, 2003. Print. Said, Edward, Orientalism, New Delhi: Penguin. 1978. Print. Simpson, D. Mark. "Minefield Readings: The Postcolonial English Patient."ECW 53, 1994. p. 216-237. Print.

Mrs. Ritesh Jain

HOLISTIC EDUCATION TO DEVELOP CREATIVITY

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5612/5615


The subjective and objective phenomena associated with each of these stages have been described in slightly different ways by various observers, but they all agree in seeing a marked likeness between these processes and the ordinary course of insightful learning. No one can create anything without accepting a task or imposing it upon oneself, exhibiting some drive toward the implied goal, discovering essential relations, and expressing one’s purpose in some objective form. These are also the features found in the usual types of learning and in every challenge to the critical or reflective capacity of the individual. The major contrasts center about variations in shading and emphasis, especially those concerned with the difference between assimilating notions already before one and grouping one’s way forward under the necessity of self – expression to the achievement of a fresh synthesis.

Key words:

Holistic Mean the idea that the whole is more than merely the sum of it sprats, in theory or practice:

Creativity Means ability to think or express oneself in an independent and individual manner.  

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Sharma Ramnath, Sharma Rachana (2006), Child Psychlogy, New Delhi, Atlantic Publishers & Distributors Mursell, J.L. Psychological Testing, New Yourk, Longmans Green (1953) Sharma. B.M. (2007), Child Education, New Delhi, Dariyaganj. Commonwealth Publishers. Carter H.D., Jones H.E. and Shock N.W (1934) An experimental Study of Affective Factors in Learning. Journal of Educational Psychology. Dashiel J.F. (1935) A Survey and Synthesis of Learning Theories. Psychological Bulleting.

Pallavi Singh

AADHUNIK SAMAJ ME SANSKRUT KI UPADEYATA EVAN PRASANGITA

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5616/5520

 

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Pallavi Singh

VED KA MAHATWA

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5621/5624

 

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Ranju Bala

A STUDY OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5625/5628

 The present study is a descriptive study and has been conducted in Hoshiarpur. A sample of 200 elementary school teachers was selected on the basis of random sampling technique. Out of these, 100 teachers (50 male and 50 female) were taken from Govt. and 100 (50 male and 50 female) from Private elementary schools. The data was obtained by using Emotional Intelligence Scale by Hyde, Pethe and Dhar (2001). Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the data. The findings are (i) There exists a significant difference in emotional intelligence among male and female elementary school teachers. (ii) There exists a significant difference in emotional intelligence among Govt. and Private elementary school teachers.

Keywords: Emotional Intelligence, Elementary School Teachers  

,18,10,11,20,12,7,6,21,16,14,9,5,1,8,22,13,17,15,19

Mayer, J. D., & Salovey, P. (1995). Emotional intelligence and the construction and regulation of feelings. Applied and Preventive Psychology, 4(3), 197-208. Goleman, D. (1998). Working with emotional intelligence. New York: Bantam Books. Hyde, A., Pethe, S., & Dhar, U. (2001). Emotional intelligence scale. Lucknow: Vedant Publications. Low, G., & Nelson, D. (2005). Emotional intelligence: The role of transformative learning in academic excellence. Texas Study of Secondary Education, 14(2), 41-44. Chan, D. W. (2006). Emotional intelligence and components of burnout among Chinese secondary school teachers in Hong Kong. Teaching and Teacher Education, 22(8), 1042-1054. Romanelli, F., Cain, J., & Smith, K., M. (2006). Emotional intelligence as a predictor of academic and/or professional success. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 70(3).

Mr. Sandeep R. Singh & Vasundhrara Padmanabhan

A STUDY OF ORGANIZATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOUR OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5629/5641

 Research has demonstrated that Citizenship like behaviours promote the effective functioning of any given organization. (Organ, 1988, 1990 & Borman and Motowidlo, 1993). Research by Morrison (1994); Pond, Nacoste, Mohr & Rodriguez (1997); and Lam, Hui and Law (1999) reveals that Organizational Citizenship Behaviours are an integral part of an employee’s role responsibilities. Successful organizations need their employees to perform more than their usual job responsibilities. This necessitates the demonstration of Extra- Role Behaviour, which is termed as Organizational Citizenship Behaviour. The present study focusses on Organizational Citizenship Behaviours demonstrated by Secondary School Teachers. The authors were curious to understand the level of Organizational Citizenship Behaviour amongst English Medium Secondary School Teachers across various boards. In all, 528 secondary school teachers, both male and female from secondary schools across Greater Mumbai, Thane and Navi Mumbai were selected for the study. The findings reveal that there is no significant difference in the Organizational Citizenship Behaviour (OCB) of Secondary School Teachers (SST) on the basis of their gender, subject of specialization and qualifications. However, OCB differed significantly on the basis of their age, experience and type of school. 

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Belogolovsky, E. (2009), Teachers’ organizational citizenship behavior: Examining the boundary between in-role behavior and extra-role behavior from the perspective of teachers, principals and parents. Teaching and Teacher Education. Bernard, C. I. (1938). The functions of the executive. Cambridge, MA: Haward University Press Best, J.W.& Kahn, J. (1997). Research in Education (7th Ed) New Delhi: Prentice-Hall of India Ltd. Blau, P. M. (1964). Exchange and power in social life, New York: Wiley Bogler, R. & Somech, A. (2005), Organizational citizenship behavior in school: How does it relate to participation in decision making?, The Journal of Educational Administration. Bolon. (1997). organizational citizenship behaviour among hospital employees: A multidimensional analysis involving job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Hospitals and Health Service Administration, 42(2): 221-41

Sindhya V.

TEACHER’S PERSPECTIVES ON THE CHALLENGES OF INCLUSIVE CLASSROOMS

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5642/5648

 Inclusive education has become one of the major educational policy of the government and measures have been adopted for providing high quality education to the differently abled children in a normal classroom setting in almost all levels of education. The revised B. Ed curriculum in tune with NCTE guidelines also emphasise inclusive education and a major thrust is given to equip prospective teachers in dealing the differently abled learners in an inclusive classroom. Here arise a challenge for the teachers on the pedagogical issues that are likely to occur while practicing inclusive education and the present study is to find out those challenges. A survey has been conducted among the teacher educators of Kerala University and the results indicate that teacher educators are not confident in inclusive education practices and opined that they need first-hand experience in this aspect and also are willing to seek assistance from trained personnel in transacting the curriculum. Some teachers expressed their doubt regarding the overemphasis on a minority group at the expense of major. The study implies the need for better awareness for teachers for achieving quality education for the diverse learners and providing equality of educational opportunities as envisaged by the Indian constitution.

Keywords: Inclusive education, differently abled children, pedagogical issues, Indian constitution.

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Helander, E. (1993) Prejudice and Dignity. UNDP, N.Y. J Ãnsson, T. (1995) Inclusive Education. UNDP, Geneva WCEFA. (1990) World Declaration on Education for All, Inter-Agency Commission for the World Conference on Education for All, 1990 Gloria Burrett, Mita Nundy. (1994) Convention on the Rights of the Child, The Disabled Child Lindqvist, B. (1994) Special Needs Education: Conceptual Framework, Planning and Policy Factors. Paper presented at the World Conference on Special Needs Education, Salamanca, Spain (From: NU News on Health Care in Developing Countries 2/95, vol.9) Ture Johnsson, (2003) Inclusive education CD developed for CBR Network's distance education programme Rao Indumathi, (2001),Understanding inclusive education from heart, EENET newsletters and web publication Mani MNG (2000) Inclusive education, Ramakrishna Vidyalaya, Coimbatore

Jagdeep Kaur & Raman

EFFECT OF CONSTRUCTIVIST APPROACH ON ACHIEVEMENT IN MATHEMATICS OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5649/5656

The present study was conducted to study the effect of constructivist approach on achievement in mathematics of elementary school students. The sample comprised of 128 students from four schools affiliated with P.S.E.B Mohali. The data was analyzed with the help of mean, standard deviation and t-test. The major findings of the study were in favor of constructivist approach of teaching.

 
 
 
 
 
Keywords: Constructivist approach 

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Airasian, P. & Walsh, M. (1997) Constructivist cautions. Phi Delta Kappan, 78(6), 444-449. Carnine, D. (1997). Instructional design in mathematics for students with learning disabilities. Journal of learning disabilities, 30(2), 130-141. Chowdhury, S.R. (2016). A study on the effect of constructivist approach on the achievement in mathematics of IX standard students. Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences, 21(2), 35-40.

Deepika Sahu & Seema Bhupendra

BOLLYWOOD MOVIEDOR: RECALLING OF THE SELF

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5657/5665

 

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Beauvior, Simone De. The Second Sex. Trans & Ed. By H.M. Parshley. New York: Bantam Books. 1949. Print. Chaudhuri, Shohini. Feminist Film Theorists: Laura Mulvey, kaja Silverman, Teresa De Lauretis, Barbara Creed. London: Routledge. 2006. Print. Dor. Dir. NegeshKukunoor. Perf. Ayesha Takia, GulPanag&ShreyasTalpade. Excel. 2006. Film. Friedan, Betty. The Feminine Mystique. London: WW Norton & Company. 1997. Print. Jung, C. G. (1968). Conscious, unconscious, and individuation. In Jung, C. G., & Hull, R. F. C. (Eds.), The Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious. Bollingen series, 20. (pp. 275-289). Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. Steel, Miranda. Ed. New Oxford Intermediate Learner’s Dictionary. “Identity”. Def. OUP. 2002. Print. “Modern Sisterhood: Made in Dagenham”. The Independent. 29 Sep.2010. Web. Oct 14, 2014.

Jayanat Pal Singh & Shireesh Pal Singh

BAL ADHIKAR TATPARATA TATHA ABHIMAT MAPANI KA NIRNAY

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5666/5672

 

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Jayanat Pal Singh & Shireesh Pal Singh

BAL ADHIKAR ABHIVRUTTI MAPANI KA NIRMAN EANV PRAMAPIKARAN

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5673/5682

 

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Jayanat Pal Singh & Shireesh Pal Singh

BAL ADHIKARO KE LIYE SHIKSHA

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5683/5691

 

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Bir Pal Singh

RUGVED ME VARNIT CHANDO KA VISHLESHAN

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5692/5705

 

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Radhey Shyam

MUNSHI PREM CHAND AND HIS LITERATURE IN HINDI CINEMA

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5706/5711

 

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Sarkaar M: Hindi Literature. Benaras: Hindi Pracharak Pustakalaya, 1953. Print. Filming Fiction. Singh P.: Asaduddin and Anuradha Ghosh. New Delhi: Oxford up, 2012 .Print. N.B. Sen. Society, Wit and Wisdom of Mahatma Gandhi. New Delhi: of India, 1995. Print. Naravane, V.S. Premchand: His life and work. New Delhi: Vikas, 1980.Print. Premchand. Godan. Trans. Ratan J and Lal. P Mumbai: Seico, 2010. Print. Amrit. Roy : Premchand. New Delhi : N.B.T,1978.Print.

Gopal Krushna Thakur

VAIGYNANIK DYNAN KI VIKAS YATRA EANV ESAKE LIHITARTH

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5712/5722

 

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http://sciencepolicy.colorado.edu/students/envs_5110/structure_of_scientific_revolutions.pdf http://projektintegracija.pravo.hr/_download/repository/Kuhn_Structure_of_Scientific_Revolutions.pdf

Balbir Singh Jamwal

ROLE OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN DEVELOPING VALUES

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5723/5727

 In this article, an attempt has been made to focus on role of social media in developing values.Every day, one comes across innumerable images and commercials for various products. This excessive amount of media in our day-to-day lives cannot be side lined and affects all those surrounded by it. The world is changing rapidly today and in its footsteps, our core values are changing too. The last two decades because of globalization have seen an unparalleled change, which has expressed itself in the form of diminishing community values. Social values are being eroded, moral values have become fragmented and the society is facing an unprecedented cultural evasion. Children can readily find stories about violence, sexual promiscuity, theft, and greed in a variety of media outlets including fictional programming, reality shows, rap music, and the Internet. Almost no research, however, focuses on how the media shape children\'s moral development. Researchers have written widely on how the media affect children\'s behaviors, both prosaically and antisocial. But they have paid little attention to the moral lessons children learn from the media that may be underlying these behaviors. Our society today is taking on new values that are at loggerheads with the time tested and religiously accepted principles of our society, a large part of the responsibility for which must be borne by the television commercials (henceforth TVCs) and the unethical practices of the business and corporate houses, which sponsor them. Our social media pays the less attention to values while more attention should pay in developing values among the members of the society. It is very clear that without good values among the members of the society, society cannot be developed. Social media should not fully commercial. It should mostly ethical also. The writer has a hope that this article will attract the attention of social media to developing the values.

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Adelabu, O (2011). The role of social media in democratic mobilization in Nigeria, Paper Presented at the ACCE, Covenant University, Ota. Aggarwal,JC(2005) Education for values, Environment and Human Rights,Delhi:Shipra Publications. Asemah E.S., & Edegoh, L.O.N. (2012). Social media and insecurity in Nigeria: A critical appraisal. Being a paper presented at the 15th National Conference of African Council for Communication Education, which took place at the conference hall of Federal University of Technology, Minna, Nigeria.

Neelam K. Sharma

MILTON’S AREOPAGITICA: AN ANALYSIS

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5728/5732

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The purpose of the present study is to look in to the depth of moral aims and religious duties of Milton reflected through this prose pamphlet Areopagitica. The basic reason for reading this prose work is not only to look for Milton, the poet, but also Milton, the man.

Key-words:  Areopagitica, prose, moral, aims.

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complete Prose Works of John Milton Volume l. Edited by Don M. Wolfe (New Haven: university press, 1953). Cited as Yale Prose. John Milton, 1974. Prose Writings. London: Dent E.M.W. Tillyard 1966. The English Epic and Its Background, New York: Oxford university press. Areopagitica Ed. S. C. Agrawal. Bareilly: Prakash Book Depot. Milton, John. Prose Writings. London. Dent, 1976 Sharma, Neelam k ‘The Christian Tradition in Milton’s prose Pamphlets’ Contemporary Vibes , Jan- March 2011 , Vol. – No -06

Monu Singh Gurjar

WOMEN ACCESS TO EDUCATION, TRAINING AND EMPLOYMENT

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5733/5739

‘You can tell the condition of a nation by looking at the status of its women’

- Jawaharlal Nehru

The Indian government has expressed a strong commitment towards education for all, however, India still has one of the lowest female literacy rates in Asia. Keeping in view the above saying, the paper examines the issue of women\'s access to education in India. Drawing on existing literature and various statistics concerning women\'s education, the paper provides an overview of the state of education with respect to women and highlights some of the issues and barriers to women\'s education. Based on an analysis of emergent issues, some recommendations and suggestions are offered in terms of grassroots level interventions, strategic initiatives and enabling policy framework, towards improving women\'s access to education. In this way, my focus in the paper would be on proper implementation of the National Policy on Education, which was updated in 1992, and the 1992 Program of Action both reaffirmed the government’s commitment to improving literacy levels, by providing special attention to girls and children from scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. 

 

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Census Report (2011). Available at www.censusindia.gov.in Government Report (1974). Report of the National Committee on the Status of Women in India towards Equality, Ministry of Education and Social Welfare. Government Report (2008). Educational Statistics at a Glance 2005-2006, Ministry of Human Resource Development. Government official education website www.education.nic.in. Selloff, V. A. (1998). Women of the World: Women's Education in India. International Programs Centre report for the U.S. Department of Commerce. http://www.census.gov/ipc/prod/wid-9801.pdf. Retrieved 30.03.2010. Singh, S. (2005). Education CASs: Are Government Schools any better now. Article in the Times of Indiahttp://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/1070939.cms. UNESCO Report (1991). Access of Women and Girls to Technical Vocational Education in India.Studies inTechnical and Vocational Education, 36.

Monu Singh Gurjar

A STUDY OF SECONDARY-SCHOOL TEACHERS’ AWARENESS TOWARDS INCLUSIVE EDUCATION

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5740/5746

 The increasing importance of inclusive education over the last two decades has resulted in a vibrant area of academic scholarship as well as critical studies on the subject. There is an extensive body of research based literature on the subject of inclusive education. Before all else there is a need to sift through the relevant studies on the subject of inclusive education to understand the work already done and finding already made so as to avoid duplication of research work and also to understand the issues involved clearly. The main purpose of the research is to study the awareness of the teachers of secondary school towards inclusive education. In the present paper, I would attempt a comparison on the basis of gender, type of school area and qualification of secondary school teachers as a result of analysis, interpretation and discussion of the data collected from different areas of study the investigator.  

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Alur, Mithu & Timmons, Viame (2005) “Inclusive Education Across cutures” Sage publication, New – Delhi Baghel. L (2012-13) A study of teacher’s Attitude towards Effective Implementation of Inclusive education unpublished M.Ed. Dissertation R.I.E. Ajmer Best. John W, Kahn. J, (2016) Research in Education, Printice Hall. Hall publication New Delhi. Good and Scates (1954) “Methods of Research” Appliton century crofts, M.C. K.S. Dedun “A study of primary and secondary schools teacher’s awareness towards educational Technology with reference to certain variable, college of education Daramli. Kaul Lokesh (2016) ‘Methodology of Educational Research, Vikas Publication, New Delhi. Mangal, S.K. (2009) “Exceptional Children” Ashok K Gosh PHI learning Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi Meena. M (2010-11) A study of the Attitude of elementary school Teachers towards Discipline and Participatory management. Unpublished M.E.d. Disertation R.I.E. Ajmer Nicole P. Maccurthy Walden University Attitudes towards Inclusive of General education teacher who have and have not taught in an Inclusive Classroom P. Maheshwari. M Shapurkar, Awareness and Attitudes of Primary grade teachers (1-4th grade) towards Inclusive education Ranjjan R. and Kalyani I (2016) Socio cultural issue related to girl child with disabilities India and future perspectives of their inclusion, Education Explorer – The Journal of Education. New Delhi, Education foundation VOL.4 (P.P.-44-59) Singh Arun Kumar, (2016) ‘Research Methods in Psychology Sociology and Education N.A.B. Printing unit, New Delhi.

Kurhade Shubhangi Suryakant

SWATANTRYAPURV KALAT RASHTRIY SHIKSHNAT VRUTTAPATRACHI BHUMIKA

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5747/5759

 

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Mehtab Singh

AWARENESS ABOUT LEARNING DISABILITIES AMONG ELEMENTARY SCHOOL TEACHERS

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5760/5776


The present research was conducted to examine the level of awareness among Elementary school Teachers of District Ferozepur about Learning Disabilities. Another objective of the study was to investigate the differences in awareness between Gender and Teachers of Privates and Public sector. The sample comprised of 200 randomly selected elementary school teachers from district Ferozepur of Punjab state. The survey was conducted on self prepared questionnaire by investigator. Item wise descriptive analysis was applied to study the level of awareness and t-test was applied to check the significant differences between the groups.  The findings of the study revealed that Elementary School Teachers of District Ferozepur have very low level of awareness about Learning Disabilities. In majority (90%) of elementary Teachers were unable to write single type of Learning Disability which reveals that the sample has very poor awareness about the types of Learning Disabilities. Approximately, one fourth of the samples of Elementary school teachers of District Ferozepur has not the ability to identify the students with Learning Disabilities. Furthermore, almost half sample of teachers was not aware about that Learning Disabled students can be in normal schools and not aware about the characteristics of Learning Disabled Students. It was also revealed from data, the teachers were not aware about actual problems that are faced by Learning Disabled students. While studying the efforts to tackle students with Learning Disability made by teachers, it was noticed that twenty percent of Elementary school teachers of District Ferozepur were not adopting any type of strategy to solve the problems of Learning Disabled students. Whereas, 40% of teachers were not aware about the actual problems that were faced by Learning Disabled Students. Additionally, it was evident from results that above half of the Participants were not aware about the reason behind Learning Disability. They misconceive it with sensory disabilities and were not aware about Dyslexia which is a major type of Learning Disability. To conclude, majority of the Elementary School Teachers of district Ferozepur were not aware about the Dyscalculia, Dysgraphia and Dyslexia.

Keywords:- Learning Disability, Awareness, Elementary School Teachers, Dyslexia, Dysgraphia, Dyscalculia 

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Gallegos Julia, Audra Langley and Diana Villegas (2012).Anxiety, Depression, and Coping Skills among Mexican School Children: A Comparison of Students With and Without Learning Disabilities. Learning Disability Quarterly, 35(1) 54-61. Retrieved from: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41702351 Hall Edward (2004). Social Geographies of Learning Disability: Narratives of Exclusion and Inclusion, Learning Disability Quarterly, 36(3), 298-306. Retrieved from: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20004395 Kirk (1971). Psycholinguistic Learning Disabilities: Diagnosis and Remediation, Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press. Mehta, Deepti (2006).Awareness among Teachers of Learning Disabilities in Students at Different Board Levels. ERIC Number: ED49172. Retrieved from https://eric.ed.gov/?q=awareness+about+learning+disability&pg=5&id=ED491720 Murphy, Gardner; 1968 (2ND Ind. Reprint). An introduction to Psychology, New Delhi; Oxford and IBH. Murray Christopher, Carol T. Wren and Christopher Keys (2008). University Faculty Perceptions of Students with Learning Disabilities: Correlates and Group Differences. Learning Disability Quarterly, 31(3) 95-113. DOI: 10.2307/2547464. Retrieved from: http://www.jstor.org/stable/25474642 Ross, H.P. (1962) Psychology in Teaching; Prentice Hall Inc.

Sunita Sagar Bhatla

A STUDY OF OCCUPATIONAL STRESS IN RELATION TO DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH FAMILY ENVIRONMENT

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5777/5785

Large scale socio­economic and technological changes in recent years along with increasing trends in restructuring and downsizing has continued in many organizations, resulting in an increase in sub­contracting and outsourcing that have affected workplaces considerably. Stress in the workplace is a growing concern in the current state of the economy, where employees increasingly face conditions of overwork, job insecurity, low levels of job satisfaction and lack of autonomy, which is directly or indirectly affecting their home environment. The present study was undertaken to study occupational stress of employees from different careers in relation to locus and gender and its relationship with family environment. A representative sample of 108 employees from different careers based at Chandigarh and surrounding areas were taken using random sampling technique. The Occupational Stress Index by A.K. Srivastava & A.P. Singh and Family Environment Scale by Bhatia & Chadha were used as tool for the study. Mean, standard deviation, coefficient of correlation and t-test were computed to see the significant difference of occupational stress. The results of the study revealed significant difference of occupational stress in relation to demographic variables. The correlation analysis revealed positive correlation between occupational stress and family environment.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keywords: Stress, Occupational Stress, Demographic variable, Family Environment. 

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Aditya, S. M., & Sen, A. K. (1993). Executives under stress: A comparison between men and women. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology 19 (1-2): 1-6. Agarwal, R. (2001). Stress in Life and at Work. Sage Publications, New Delhi, 11-13. Aminabhavi, V. A. & Triveni, S., (2000). Variables causing occupational stress on the nationalized and non- nationalized bank employees. J. Com. Gui. Res., 17(1), 20-29. Basha, A. & Ushashree, S. (1997). Job stress and coping as related to perceptions of organizational climate. Paper presented in 3rd International and 34th IAAP Conference, TTTI, Chennai. Beena, C., & Poduval, P. R. (1991). Gender differences in work stress of executives. Psychological Studies 37(2-3): 109-113.

Ankur Tyagi

ACADEMIC PROCASTINATION IN CONTEXT OF GENERAL WELLBEING

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 8786/5790

 

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Y. M. Palghadmal & S. I. Kumbhar

DHARANGRAST VISTHAPITYANCHYA PUNARVASAN SAMSYANCHA ABHYAS

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5791/5807

 

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Kuldeep Singh

A PERFECT BLEND OF IMAGINATION AND REALISM IN THE NOVEL THE FOREIGNER BY ARUN JOSHI

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5808/5811

Being one of the most prominent novelists of Indian English novelists, Arun Joshi presented the realistic picture of the modern world. By using his extra ordinary power of  imagination, he depicted the  problems of  modern man like the problem of crisis of identity, meaninglessness of life, sense of alienation, problem of corruption in post independent India etc. in the novel The Foreigner. He gave the solution of  the problems of  the modern man based on the Karmik principles of  the Srimadbhagvad Gita as preached by Lord Krishana  to Arjun. He represented the realistic picture of  corruption in India after Independence by his noble  power of  imagination. Through the fictional  character of Sindi Oberoi, he presented the journey of a common man  in the world, as the common man got disturbed about his existence in the universe,  suffered from crisis of identity etc. Arun Joshi gave the solution as redemtion is in the involvement of the right action or selfless service of whole mankind. 

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Joshi, Arun The Foreigner p. 67 New Delhi : Orient Paperbacks, 2010. Joshi, Arun The Foreigner p. 75 New Delhi : Orient Paperbacks, 2010. Joshi, Arun The Foreigner p. 166 New Delhi : Orient Paperbacks, 2010. Joshi, Arun The Foreigner p. 181 New Delhi : Orient Paperbacks, 2010. Joshi, Arun The Foreigner p. 190 New Delhi : Orient Paperbacks, 2010. Joshi, Arun The Foreigner p. 191 New Delhi : Orient Paperbacks, 2010.

Mrs. Vishavpreet Kaur

PRIVATISATION AND INDIAN EDUCATION

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5812/5816

 This paper aims to analyze the impact of privatization on education in the Indian society. The government of India introduced new economic policies namely globalization, privatization and liberalization to increase employment, output and income opportunities and achieve economic development at international level. Privatization has brought about rapid change in the educational scenario of India. It is seen that privatization encourages the individuals and religious organizations to establish colleges and deemed universities to meet the growing demand for higher education. Consequently, higher educational institutions are found throughout the country. It not only increases the number of higher educational institutions but also increases the number of seats for highly demand courses such as engineering and medicine. Moreover, it decreases the distance between the educational institutions. It causes competition among them to fill the seats allotted by the affiliated universities and maximize socio- economic benefits. However, it creates the gap between the demand and supply of higher education. It not only increases the cost but also decreases the quality of education. Thus, privatization has positive and negative impact on education and society. 

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Aggarwal J.C (2002) Theory and Principles of Education Vikas Publishing House, New Delhi. . Ansari M.S (2005) Teacher in the Emerging Indian Society International publishing House, Meerut. Bhatia K.K and Narang, C. L (2004) Philosophical and Sociological Bases of Education Tandon Publishers, Ludhiana. Chandra S.S and Sharma R.K (2004) Philosophy of Education, Atlantic Publishers, New Delhi. Contemporary India and Education by K. K Bhatia. Dash B.N (2004) Education of society, Dominant Publishers, New Delhi .Education Privatization: Causes, Consequences and planning implications by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural organization ISBN:92:803:1239-1 Hidden privatization in public education by Institute of education, University of London. Impact of Privatization of Education in Indian Society. Privatization of education Global Trends of Human rights in impacts from www. right-to-education. org Wikipedia sources.

Mukesh Rayal

JANPAD TIHARI GADHWAL (UTTARKHAND) ME MAHILA SAKSHARTA DAR STHITI EANV SAMADHAN:- EK VISHLESHNATMAK ADHYAYAN

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5817/5823

 

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Kuldeep Singh Katoch & Ms. Smita Thakur

CHILDREN HOMES: A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5824/5830

 In this paper attempt has been made to examine the education facilities available for children residing in children homes of Himachal Pradesh. Education is the base of any society and is regarded as the basic right of every child. The children who are residing in children homes need more attention, so that they don’t lack behind. In this study the investigators critically analysed the education facilities available in children homes of Chamba district of Himachal Pradesh. The findings of this paper revealed that there is a need for improvement regarding the computer education, special coaching or tuition, vocational education, sports and music material in the children homes.

Keywords: Children homes, Educational facilities, Society, Personality and Emotions.

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Integrated Child Protection Scheme (2009). Retrieved from wcd.nic.in/schemes/integrated-child-protection-scheme-icps Khalifuddine, S (1976). A studies on intelligence and adjustment among orphans and non-orphans with respect to age, religion, socio economic status. Journals of psychological Research, vol.20, (3)46-48 Khan, N. ,Khan, A., Majeed (2014). A Comparative Study of Personality Differences between Orphans and Non Orphans of Lahore. Journal of Pakistan psychiatric society, Vol.11 (2)1 retrieved from http:/ /www.jpps.com.pk/article Mishra, M (1998). Study the Effects of Test Anxiety on Academics Achievement and Related Study Habits. Journal of Psychological Researchers, Vol. 33. Olanrewaju, D (2015). Conduct a study on Access to Education for Orphans and Vulnerable Children in Uganda: A Multi-District, Cross-Sectional Study. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132905 Oyedeble, V (2016). Studied the Challenges Facing Orphaned Students and the Effects on Academic Performance. International Journal of Academic Research and Reflection Vol. 4, No. 3, 2016 ISSN 2309-0405

Mr. Gurpinder Singh

LEARNING DISABILITY: A CHALLENGE FOR THE EMERGING SOCIETY

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5831/5835

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Abstract: Education is often thought to be one of the most important accomplishments in an individual’s life. It is often considered to be the means by which the person will be able to secure gainful employment and achieve success in life. Consequently, one’s education is a valuable tool. However, there are varying degrees by which individuals are able to learn. Not all children can learn with the same efficiency as other children. But research shows that these children who are poor learners may have some type of disability. In fact, these children are able to learn with the proper training and accommodations. These children are referred to as having learning disabilities. The purpose of this paper is to discuss learning disabilities as a challenge.

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Kirk, S. A. (1963). Behavioral diagnosis and remediation of learning disabilities. Proceedings of the annual meeting of the Conference on Exploration into the Problems of the Perceptually Handicapped Child: Vol. 1. Evanston, I Kirk , S.A.(1968):National Advisory Committee of Handicapped Children http://www.psychpage.com/family/ld.html https://www.papermasters.com/learning-disabilities.html http://www.helpguide.org/articles/learning-disabilities/learning-disabilities-and-disorders.htm Kirk, S., & Johnson, G. (1951). Educating the Retarded Child. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Riverside Press http://sped.wikidot.com/learning-disabilities

Devidas Nagargoje

MAHARASHTRATIL SHETKARYANCHYA ATMHATYACHE ADHYAYAN

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5850/5853

 

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Seema

AADHUNIK BHARTIY CHITRAKALA ME VIRUPAN

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5854/5858

 

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Usha. K

PICTURE EXCHANGE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM (PECS) TO COMMUNICATE DAILY NEEDS -A CHILD WITH AUTISM

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5859/5872

 The present investigation is attempted to find out the effect of Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) on improvisation of Functional Communication Skills in children with autism. Single case experimental research design was used in the present study. A 5 year old child with moderate autism having moderate communication ability was identified from the Care for Autism Center, Hyderabad. Indian Scale for Assessment of Autism (ISSA) was used to assess the level of autism and Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS) was used to assess the verbal and non verbal communication to find out the level of communication. Functional communication assessment checklist was used to determine communicative competence. Reinforcer assessment checklist was used to find out the reinforcer for food items, play items, activity materials, brushing and bathing, items. After prioritizing the items, 15 items which are necessary for functional communication purpose were selected for training by using PECS. After collecting the baseline, the PECS intervention was initiated.  Everyday five sessions were conducted during snacks time, after lunch, and during play time and before leaving from the school for a period of 12 weeks. PECS training was implemented till Phase IV. PECS assessment checklist was used to collect the data on Functional Communication Skills. Pre, mid and post assessment was done. The Mid assessment was done at every 10th session and performance was recorded. Mean scores were computed for each domain The pre mean scores is 1.00 and post mean scores is 5.00. Gradual improvement was seen during the mid assessment.  The result indicates that the PECS training was effective in improvement of functional communication skills in a child with autism.

Key terms: Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS), child with autism, functional communication skills 

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Schwartz, I. S., Garfinkle, A. N., & Bauer, J. (1998). The Picture Exchange Communication System: Communicative outcomes for young children with disabilities. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 18, 144 –159. Ganz and Simpson (2004) Effects on communicative requesting and speech development of the picture exchange communication system in children with characteristics of autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34, 395–409. Marckel, J.M, Neef, N.A. & Ferreri, S.J. (2006). A preliminary analysis of teaching improvisation with the picture exchange communication system to children with autism. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 39, 109-115. Carr and Felce (2007) The effects of PECS teaching to phase III on the communicative interactions between children with autism and their teachers. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37, 724–737. Shahzadi Malhotra, Gaurav Rajender, Manjeet S. Bhatia, and Tej B. Singh (2010) Effects of Picture Exchange Communication System on Communication and Behavioral Anomalies in Autism Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine . 32(2): 141–143. Vijay Sagar KJ(2011) Research on autism spectrum disorders in India AP J Psychol Med Vol. 12 (2)

Sandeep Kumar Shrivas & Arun Kumar

MADHYAMIK STAR KI CHTRAON KE PARIVARIK PARYAVARAN KA ADHYAYAN

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5873/5886

 

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Barber, B. K. (1996). Parental psychological control: revisiting a neglected construct. Child Development, 67: 3296–3319. Halberstadt, A. G. & Eaton, K. L. (2002). A meta-analysis of family expressiveness andchildren’s emotion expressiveness and understanding. Marriage & Family Review, 34 (1-2): 35-62 Dwairy, M. (2004). Parenting styles and mental health of Arab gifted adolescents. Gifted Child Quarterly, 48: 275-286.

Mrs. Vibha Singh Kushwaha

EDUCATION IN HUMAN VALUES FOR HUMAN EXCELLENCE

Jun-Jul,2017, Vol - 4/22, Page - 5887/5897

At the commencement of the new millennium, we find ourselves at a crucial point in the long and tortuous history of the human race on Planet Earth. The last century was extraordinary and had witnessed unparalleled progress but also unimaginable destruction. We live in a shrinking world in which the malign heritage of conflict and competition will have to give way to a new culture of convergence and cooperation. Scientific and technological ingenuity has given us the capacity to overcome all those challenges, but what is missing is the wisdom and compassion to apply them creatively. Knowledge is expanding but wisdom languishes. The astounding communications technology, which today encircles the globe, seldom uses its tremendous potential to spread global values and foster a more caring, compassionate consciousness. It is essential that the spiritual dimension be given central importance in our new educational thinking. The need to effect fundamental changes in our educational system without further loss of time has become paramount. Since the present century will provide unprecedented means for communication and for the circulation and storage of information, it will impose on education new demands. The Indian education system has changed from gurukul education to cyberspace education. The last two decades have witnessed a paradigm shift in the process of imparting and learning education. We are more and more being drifted towards westernized education leaving aside our rich traditional values and ethics. The values and ethics, which promoted qualities that make an individual socially effective and happy, inculcate friendliness, co-operativeness compassionate, self-disciplined, tolerant fearless, honest, truthful, dependable, courteous and having love for social justice. 

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