FEB - MAR, 2018, SRJHEL

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26
Imapct Factor: 4.44
ISSN: 2348-3083
Date: 04-Apr-2018

An International Peer Reviewed

Scholarly Research Journal for Humanity Sciences & English Language


Bharati Chand

THE CHALLENGES OF TEACHING-LEARNING OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN MULTICULTURAL CONTEXT IN INDIA

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7205/7212

 This paper presents the challenges of teaching English in multicultural context in India. Teaching English to the Indian students is the biggest challenge. Though enough awareness is prevailing among the students, parents and society, the majority of our students struggle a lot to acquire the language.It presents a brief history teaching English in India. It highlights factors of teaching-learning of English language in the multicultural context in India.There is an urgent need to teach English language in order to communicate outside our own language group for any practical purpose like business, tourism, cultural exchange, administration and social work. The increasing awareness of importance of English in the present moment demands to learn the language for special and specific purposes and for widening our intellectual horizon.
Keywords: Teaching English, Multilingual context, India
 

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Cook, V. (2001). Using the first language in the classroom. Canadian Modern Language Journal, 57/3, 402-423. Cummins, J. (1979). Cognitive/academic language proficiency, linguistic interdependence, the optimal age question and some other matters. Working Papers on Bilingualism 19, 197-205. Cummins, J. (1980). The Cross lingual dimensions of language proficiency: implications for bilingual education and the optimal age issue. TESOL Quarterly 14, 175-187. Cummins, J. (2000). Language power and pedagogy: Bilingual children in the crossfire.Cleveland: Multilingual Matters.

Bharati Chand

A CONSTRUCTIVISM APPROACH TOWARDS INTEGRATION OF ICT FOR COLLABORATIVE LEARNING

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7213/7220

 This paper highlights on constructivism approach by integrating ICT for collaborative learning. Constructivism transforms the learner from a passive recipient of information to an active participant in the learning process. The ICT integrated tools provides learning opportunities with which learners formulate and test their ideas, draw conclusions and inferences, and pool and convey their knowledge in a collaborative learning environment.Learners construct their knowledge actively rather than just mechanically ingesting knowledge from the teacher or the textbook. The ICT integrated collaborative learning techniques, help learners to promote content knowledge, critical thinking, and problem-solving skills.
Keywords: Constructivism Approach, ICT, Collaborative Learning
 

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Brooks,M.G and Brooks,J.C(1999)The courage to be constructivist . Educational Leadreship,57(3) Bodner ,G.M(1986)Constructivism :Atheory of knowledge .Journal of chemical education,63,873-878. Damon ,Linda,et al,(1997).Preparing teachers for tommorrow:A Constructive Approach,ERIC:NoED410207 Dash,N.K(2002)Implications of constructivism for instructional designin open and distance learning.University news,40(4),33-38

Guruprasad Rathore

LACKNOW MAHANAGAR KE NIWASIYO MAIN RAJNAITIK PRBHAVIKTA KA ABHAV

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7221/7230

 

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Jitendra Rajpoot

ALLELOPATHIC EFFECTS OF PARTHENIUM HYSTEROPHORUS ON GERMINATION OF SORGHUM SEEDS

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7231/7239

 

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Asif, D. A. (2010): Studies on the germination inhibitors in the fruits of tropical tree species. Global-Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences, 6(1) : 27-30. Singh D.P. (2009) : Stimulating the germination of Sorghum under stimulated drought through seed-soaking treatments. International Sorghum and Millet, 40 .

Birpal Sinh

SANSKRIT SAHITYA MAIN MANAVADHIKAR KA SWAROOP

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7240/7245

 

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Jitendra Rajpoot

ALLELOPATHIC EFFECTS OF PARTHENIUM HYSTEROPHORUS ON GERMINATION OF RAPHANUS SATIVA SEEDS

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7246/7255

 

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Rajpoot O.P. : (2004), Alleiopathie effects of lantana (Lantana camera) on milkweed vine (Morrenia odomta). Weeds Science 32: 757-761. Adkins S W and Sowerby M S : (2006). Alleiopathie potentials of the Parthenium hysterophorus L. in Australia Plant Protection 11: 20- 23.

Seema Singh

RIGHT TO EDUCATION IN ISLAM

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7256/7261

 Women Education provides them, most vital qualities of confidence, capacity to work and thereby leads to their empowerment. Muslim women who by virtue of social norms and had suffered backwardness due to lack of education though Islam as a religious bigotry in it. Several organizations individuals, through theoretical and practical applications have lifted the backwardness of Muslim women and as a result Muslim women have conquered to dark areas of ignorance and fear. Muslim women welfare performers in different walks of life over a period of time.

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Hajira Kumar, (Ed.),S tatus of Muslim Women in India, Gian Publication, New Delhi, 1999, p. 95. Jyoti Mitra, (Ed.), Women and Society : Equality and Empowerment, Rawat Publication, New Delhi, 1997, p. 110. Arun Kumar, Empowering Women, Sarup Publication, New Delhi, 2002, p. 97. Hajira Kumar, Op. cit., p. 123.

Sumit Chandra & Priya Mittal

A STUDY OF CASHLESS TRANSACTION BEHAVIOR OF BANK CUSTOMERS IN DISTRICT MATHURA, UP

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7262/7266

 There are many substitutes for cash in the modern economy ranging from debit cards, pre-paid cards, credit cards and mobile wallets. When compared to cash, these instruments differ in a number of key characteristics. Temporal separation or degree of coupling is the extent to which a purchase and the payment for the transaction from resources are separated in time. If the two are de-coupled, people may not perceive a sense of separation from money at the time of incurring the expenditure and hence may overspend. The second characteristic is related to the pain of payment flowing from salience. It is argued that people perceive the pain of payment depending on the tangibility or salience of the outflow. A third feature is the stringency of budget constraint –while cash limits one’s ability to spend to the amount of cash in hand, a debit card expands it to the balances available in the account and a credit card further relaxes it to include future earnings as well. The study is based on the survey of  the behavior of 200 bank customers at district Mathura, Uttar Pradesh (Interacting with different Banks of the district). Literate/educated and young respondents are found interested towards cashless transaction in comparison to illiterate and old aged respondents. In a comparison of debit cards with cash, studies suggest that with the use of  debit cards, the level of consumption tends to be higher. In a comparison of credit cards with cash, this effect is more pronounced. Credit cards often are associated with more spending resulting in an increase in debt as well. The demonetization undertaken by the government is a large shock to the economy. The impact  of the shock in the medium term is a function of how much of the currency will be replaced at the end of the replacement process and the extent to which currency in circulation is extinguished. While it has been argued that the cash that would be extinguished would be “black money” and hence, should be rightfully extinguished to set right the perverse incentive structure in the economy, this argument is based on impressions rather than on facts. While the facts are not available to anybody, it would be foolhardy to argue that this is the only possibility. As argued above, it is possible that these cash balances were used as a medium of exchange.
Keywords: Demonetization, Mobile Wallets, Mobile Apps ,Cashless (digital) Transaction
 

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Srivastava D.K. (et.al.); A study of interference of cashless economy with the community and the services providers in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Indian Journal of Economics , Dec. 2016, Vol. 53(3): 133-136. Malini S, Tripathi, A rapid appraisal of digital transaction in south Orisa Economic Issues, Jan. 2017, Vol. 31(2): 126-131.

Seema Singh

NAAC AND HIGHER EDUCATION IN, INDIA

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7267/7273

Quality, as we know so far, was originally developed in the manufacturing industry. In the area of higher education, the adoption of quality control has been superficial and diluted by the exercise of academic . Further, the prevailing culture of universities is often based on individual autonomy, which is zealously guarded. Thus, it is usually difficult to apply the features of quality to higher education considering the fact that quality requires. However, the quality of higher education is very important for its stakeholders. Notably, providers (funding bodies and the community at large), students, staff and employers of graduates are. The most commonly grouped dimensions of quality are product, software and service. In the changing context marked by expansion of higher education and globalization of economic activities, education has become a national concern with an international dimension. To cope with this changing context, countries have been pressurized to ensure and assure quality of higher education at a nationally comparable and internationally acceptable standard. Consequently, many countries initiated “national quality assurance mechanisms” and many more are in the process of evolving a suitable strategy. Most of the quality assurance bodies were established in the nineties and after a few years of practical experience, they are rethinking many issues of quality assurance. At this juncture where countries look for experiences and practices elsewhere, the experience of India has many valuable lessons and this report is an attempt to share those developments. 

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Tilak, J.B.G. (2001). Education and Globalisation: The Changing Concerns in Economics of Indian Education, Editorial, Perspectives in Education, Vol. 17, Special Issue. 18. Zhao, F. (2003). Enhancing the quality of online higher education through measurement. Quality Assurance in Education, 11(4), 214-221.

Vimal Kishor Shukla

ATTITUDE OF COMMON PEOPLE TOWARDS GST (GOODS AND SERVICES TAX) IN INDIA

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7274/7278

 India is going through a lot of change right now, first demonetization attempt to curb the black money and eradicate corruption and now a few months later GST bill to make sure there should be no space for the reasons of corruption which will directly boost our Indian economy. We have written this article to make you aware of the effects and impacts of GST on various aspects of our lives. The best part about this article is that with this core information you can prepare a decent essay or speech for your speech and essay competition. Because I am pretty sure the GST is going to be the topic of discussion in every school and college too. The death of all taxes: With the unified tax regime  common people said goodbye to a plethora of indirect taxes making India One Nation One Market One Tax country. Now, businesses don’t need to worry about the plethora of taxes.
Keywords: Demonetization, , demonetization , Cashless (digital) Transaction, GST bill
 

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Srivastava D.K. (et.al.); A study of interference of cashless economy with the community and the services providers in Eastern Uttar Pradesh, Indian Journal of Economics , Dec. 2016, Vol. 53(3): 133-136. Malini S, Tripathi, A rapid appraisal of digital transaction in south Orisa Economic Issues, Jan. 2017, Vol. 31(2): 126-131.

Arun Kumar

IMPACT OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS ON THE STATUS OF RURAL WOMEN

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 0/0

 Mother is a radiant nurse, an angel of mercy, a patient teacher, a watchful guardian and compassionate attorney and a fountainhead of courage. Post independence sociologists paid attention towards the women who are traditionally backward, exploited and taken as second-rate citizens. This is obstruction and hindrance in the progress and prosperity of family, community and country. The complete social structure is affected. For the rural development and reconstruction, it is necessary to understand the changing social status and role of rural women who are 48.3% of the Total population of the country. For the study of past enables us to grasp the fundamental psychology behind the present problems and attitudes that uphold or reject them due to which it has come to be what it is. We may thus be enabling to make out the cause and circumstances embedded in the past, which led to the existence and conditions and causes are sure to prove themselves of great help to us in the making up and planning of a figure. Women constitute about fifty per cent of the world population. It is estimated that by A.D. 2000, the total number of women in the world will be more than 3 billion and they will outnumber men by nearly 175 million. At the United Nations Conference in Nairobi in 1985, it was noted that they comprise 35 per cent of the world’s labor force in the sphere of employment and occupied lower positions. Further it is observed that over 60 per cent of world’s illiterates are women, mostly in the developing countries. More than 60% respondents have accepted all the factors mentioned as variables are responsible for the uplift of the status of rural women. But; it is note-worthy that more than three-fourth of the respondents have emphasized especially on urbanization, women welfare organizations and rural development programs; as the tools of uplift for the status of rural women.
Keywords: Mitaksharaa, urbanization,  women welfare, RDP, Social Status.
 

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Apte, Meenakshi ; Rural women & Development in India, The Indian Journal of Social Work, Vol. 39, No.4, Jan.1979, Special Ank on Rural Development, p. 440-447. Satnam Kaur ; Women in Rural Development, Mittal Publications, Delhi, 2007, p. 14. Singh Surinder ; Rural Development in India : with special reference to rural women, Sage Publications, New Delhi, 2001, p. 32.

Satyendra Singh Chahar & Nirmal Singh

HIGHER EDUCATION IN ANCIENT INDIA

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7289/7298

 University education -on almost modern lines existed in India as early as 800 B.C. or even earlier. The learning or culture of ancient India was chiefly the product of her hermitages in the solitude of the forests. It was not of the cities. The learning of the forests was embodied in the books specially designated as Aranyakas "belonging to the forests." The ideal of education has been very grand, noble and high in ancient India. Its aimaccording to Herbert Spencer is the \'training for completeness of life\' and ‘the molding o character of men and women for the battle of life’. The history of the educational institutions in ancient India shows a glorious dateline of her cultural history. It points to a long history altogether. In the early stage it was rural, not urban. British Sanskrit scholar Arthur Anthony Macdonell says "Some hundreds of years must have been needed for all that is found" in her culture. The aim of education was at the manifestation of the divinity in men, it touches the highest point of knowledge. In order to attain the goal the whole educational method is based on plain living and high thinking pursued through eternity. 
Keywords: University education, Aranyakas, Hermitages, Jatakas.
 

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Sekh Rahim Mondal, Educational Status of Muslims : Problems Prospects and Priorities, Inter-India Publications, New Delhi, 1997. Malik Ram Baveja, Woman in Islam, Allied Publishers, New Delhi, 1992. Paramjeet Kaur Dhillon, Women Entrepreneurs : Problems and Prospects, Allied Publishers, New Delhi, 1993.

G. Sundharavadivel

MANAGEMENT CONTROL: DEFINITION, IMPORTANCE & PROCESS

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7299/7303

 Whether the company is in full development or experiencing temporary difficulties, management control is one of the tools to consolidate achievements and / or anticipate problems. But what is it and what are its objectives? At the heart of the company\\\\\\\'s activity, management control is a forecasting tool (budgeting). It allows you to compare achievements against forecasts. The analysis of the gaps found leads to readjusting its strategy and setting new goals.
Keywords: Management Control, Organizational Performance, Accounting, Decision-making.
 

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Dessler, Gary. Human Resource Management. 14th Ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2014. Mathis, Robert L., And John H. Jackson. Human Resource Management. 14th Ed. Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning, 2014. Noe, Raymond A., John R. Hollenbeck, Barry Gerhart, And Patrick M. Wright. Human Resource Management: Gaining A Competitive Advantage. 8th Ed. New York: Mcgraw-Hill/Irwin, 2013.

Mitra Mondal

IMPACTS OF BUDGE BUDGE POWER PLANT ON ITS SURROUNDINGS AND FLY ASH MANAGEMENT

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7304/7311

 Due to the presence of toxic metals, dumping of fly ash is causing ever-growing environmental problem including the pollution of air, water and soil. The present study investigates the possible environmental impacts associated with the land disposal of fly ash generated in the power plant of Budge Budge. This paper attempts to highlight the effects of fly ash on its srroundings and management of it to make use of this solid waste, in order to save environment.
Keyword: fly ash, solid waste, thermal power plant, contamination, soil fertility.
 

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Abdun- Nur, E.A , (1961) , Fly Ash in Concrete Highway Research Board bulletin 284, Highway Research Board, National Research Council, Washinton D.C, pp 138 Ahmed, A, and Ali , M.J. (2006): Levels of Urbanisation in West Bengal. Geographical Review of India, 68, pp, 407-416 Breman, j. and Mandal, S (1991):Rural Transformation In Asia. New York;Oxford Unniversity Press, pp 21-93

Pushpita Rajawat

EFFECTS OF PEDAGOGICAL APPROACHES & PRACTICES FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION: A RESEARCH REVIEW

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7312/7320

 The relative effectiveness of different pedagogical approaches and pedagogies in early childhood has raised substantial debate. While the other are associated with the acquisition of basic skills and knowledge and some of them are associated with socio-emotional development and problem-solving abilities. In general, research revealed both positive and negative effects of pedagogical approaches, without favouring specific pedagogical approaches over mainstream ones. However, it is important to note that research evidence and studies considering the same approaches in the same context are very limited. On the other hand, specific pedagogical practices are found to enhance child development, including high-quality interactions involving sustained-shared thinking methods, play-based learning, scaffolding, as well as a combination of staff- and child initiated activities. Research impacts pedagogy and pedagogical practices in the sense that research findings can inform policy makers and practitioners on best practices and what works best in enhancing staff performance, process quality and child development. Research on pedagogy and practices is usually not conducted at the national level, but focuses on particular programmes. So, research review has been used as a guide or manual to provide pedagogical guidance for Early Childhood Education (ECE) staff not only in India but also worldwide. The main focus of the study is that how of the best pedagogical practices and approaches across the country can be useful & implemented in early childhood education.

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Ableser, J. (2003). Elementary teachers' attitudes, perceptions and practices towards the implementation of a violence-prevention curriculum. Journal of School Violence, 2, 81-100. 2.Al-Zu'be, A. F. M. (2013). The difference between the learner-centred approach and the teacher-centred approach in teaching English as a foreign language. Educational Research International, 2, 24-31. Barnett, W. S. &Frede, E. (2010). The promise of preschool: Why we need early education for all. American Educator, 34, 21-40.

Ankur Tyagi

GENERAL WELLBEING AS A PREDICTOR OF ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT IN ADOLESCENT STUDENTS

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7321/7328

 General wellbeing is often seen as a quality in education. This relationship of academic achievement and general well being is explored in this paper. A sample of 400 students of Haryana State is considered for this study. General Wellbeing scale developed by Kalia and Deswal (2011) was used. The data analysis showed that general well being has a significant positive correlation with academic achievement and accounted 11%role in predicting academic achievement of senior secondary school students. 

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Adeela Manzoor (2014) Determining the Impact of Subjective Well-Being on Academic Achievement of Children in District Faisalabad. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. Vol 5 No 23MCSER Publishing, Rome-Italy. Gupta, Vandana. (2014). Study of anxiety and Mental health as function of personality, sex and academic achievement. Ph.D. Thesis.

Pratibha Sharma & Ms. Mahe Pecker Khan

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ATTITUDE OF PROSPECTIVE TEACHERS TOWARDS PRIVATIZATION OF EDUCATION

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7329/7336

 For the purposes of education, privatization implies the withdrawal of the state intervention from this sector. Privatization has other implications too, like the initiation of the process of private ownership in a sector that is controlled by the state. In a broader sense, privatization is the induction of private management and control in the public sector enterprise or a sector controlled by the state as in the case of education. The objective of the present study was to  access the significant difference (if any) in attitude of prospective teachers(B.Ed. Students )   of different gender and type of institutions of Bareilly city of Uttar Pradesh towards privatization of education..The descriptive survey method and random sampling technique were used. For data collection self-constructed -“Attitude of Prospective Teachers towards Privatization of Education was used. Investigation revealed that generally, gender and type of institution do not play significant role in reference to teachers’ attitude towards privatization of education 
Keywords: Privatization, Teachers’ Attitude,   Aided Institution, Self- Financed Institution 
 

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Ahmad, S. Rehan & Nisa, Un Mohammad. (2017). Privatisation of Higher Education In India: A Positive Step. International Journal of Yoga And Allied Sciences. Vol. 6, Issue. 2. 2017, July- Dec .Http://Indianyoga.Org/Wp-Content/Uploads/2017/04/V6-Issue2-Article5.Pdf Altbach, P.G., & Levy, D.C. (2005). Private Higher Education: A Global Revolution. Netherlands: Sense Publishers.

Vidhu Shekhar Pandey & Ruchi Dubey

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ACADEMIC ANXIETY AND EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AMONG MINORITY AND NON–MINORITY STUDENTS: A STUDY

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7337/7342

 The present study is an attempt to compare minority and non-minority students on academic anxiety and emotional intelligence; and to study the relationship between academic anxiety and emotional intelligence. Sample for the study consists of 120 students of class XI (60 minority students and 60 non-minority students). Emotional Intelligence Inventory developed by S.K. Mangal and Shubhra Mangal and a self-prepared Academic Anxiety Scale has been used to collect the data. t-ratio and product moment coefficient of correlation has been computed for the analysis of the data. The findings of the study revealed that as compared to minority students, non-minority students have high academic anxiety; minority and non-minority students have similar emotional intelligence; Academic anxiety is negatively related to emotional intelligence among minority as well as non-minority students.
Keywords: Academic Anxiety, Emotional Intelligence, Students. 
 

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Drago, J.M. (2004). The relationship between emotional intelligence and academic achievement in non- traditional college students. Ph.D walden University. Dyrbye, L.N., Matthew, R., Thomas, Eacker, A., Harper, w., Massie, F.S., Power, D.V., Huschka, M., Novatny, P.J., Sloan, J.A. and Shanafelt, T.D.(2007). Race, Ethnicity and Medical student well-being in the United States. Arch International Med 167 (19), 2103-2109. www.file:///c:/Downloads/ioi 70135-2103-2109. pdf

(Fr.) Ignatius Topno & Ms. Smita Paschal

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL AND ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7343/7351

 Broadly speaking, the process of evaluation begins with the establishment of ‘performance standard’. At the time of designing a job and formulating a job description, performance standards are usually developed for the position. These standards should be clear and not vague. Achievement motivation is affect in connection with evaluated performance in which competition with a standard of excellence was paramount. Intentional actions are usually considered the prototype of all acts of will.  Theoretically, a complete intentional action is conceived of as follows: its first phase is a motivation process, either a brief or a protracted vigorous struggle of motives; a second phase is an act of choice, decision, or intention, terminating this struggle; the third phase is the consummatory intentional action itself, following either immediately or after an interval short or long.  The objectives of the study were to enquire the effectiveness of the Performance Appraisal System in the Schools based on the basis of gender, degree and type of school and  to enquire the  Achievement Motivation of the secondary school teachers based on the basis of gender, degree and type of schools. The population consists of secondary School Teachers teaching in Patna, Bihar and the sample consisted of 257 secondary school teachers. The investigator adopted survey method by using self-constructed and validated Performance Appraisal Scale and Achievement Motivation Scale. The investigator has used Mean, Standard Deviation and t-test to analyze the data.  The major findings of the study show that there is a significant difference between the mean scores of secondary school teachers on the basis of gender ,degree and type schools in  their  Performance Appraisal System and Achievement Motivation of secondary school teachers. 
Keywords: performance, intentional, vigorous, terminating and performance
 

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Best, J.W and Khan, J,V., (1992), Research in Education, New Delhi, Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. Atkinson,J.W. (1962), An Introduction to Motivation, New Delhi, Princeton Hall. Bagulia, Abdul Mannan (2004), Kothari Commission, New Delhi, Anmol Publication Pvt. Ltd. Bandura, A. (1969), Principles of Behaviour Modification, New York, Holt Rinchart & Witson. Best, J.W. and Kahn, James (1995), Research in Education, New Delhi, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.

Prof. Beni Lalit Minz

ATTITUDE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS TOWARDS VALUE EDUCATION IN JHARKHAND

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7353/7357

 Values are essential for positive human behavior. Education from time immemorial has focused on values. Values form the core of educational goals and objectives. Almost every education policy document has emphasized the role of education in fostering values. Value education seems to be more important and requires more than looking only to curricula. The teachers outcomes are observed, with regard to attitude, motivation, self – esteem and subject knowledge. In India the common language used in educational discourse for the main elements of ‘character education’ has been ‘moral education’ and in more recent times ‘values education’. Character is ultimately about who we are and who we become, good or bad. Values appear to be constantly changing in which children are presented with all kinds of models and exposed to all kinds of opinions about right and wrong. The value education is recognized as the unique needs of the students. In this research, the work basically deals to ascertain the attitude of Secondary School Teachers towards Value Education in Jharkhand. The researcher has not only focused on the standard lesson plan but also the implementation of value education in the day today teaching learning process. The objectives of the study were: to find the significant difference between the mean scores of attitude of secondary school teachers towards value education in Jharkhand on the basis of gender, type of school, area of school and medium of school. Self constructed and validated tool on value education was administered to establish the validity and reliability of the toll. Mean standard deviation and t-test was used to analys the data to infer the findings. The findings of the study reveal that there is a significance difference between the mean scores of attitude of secondary school teachers towards value education in Jharkhand on the basis of area of school. 
Keywords: Value, Attitude, secondary school, discourse opinion, education.
 

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Abha Xalxo (2010) “History of Education in Jharkhand” S.K. Publishing Company. Morabadi, Ranchi – 8. Adaval, S. B. (1963), “Teacher Education” in National Council of Education Research. Educational Research Third Indian Year – Book,New Delhi: NCERT. Allport, C. W. (1967). “Attitude” in Martin Fishbe in (edu.) Readings in Attitude Theory and Measurement, New York : Wiley.

Ms. Neelu Tuteja & P. K. Sharma

LINKING JOB PERFORMANCE AND BIG FIVE PERSONALITY TRAITS OF EMPLOYEES IN CHANDIGARH IT SECTOR

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7358/7370

 Present study investigates employees from selected IT companies in Chandigarh to explore the predictive validity of big five personality traits on their job performance and identify the relationship between personality traits and job performance. The Big  Five Personality dimensions, commonly known as five factor model consists of extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, openness to experience and neuroticism. The BFI-Personality Inventory – Revised and self structured Performance Appraisal Questionnaire were used as measuring instruments. A Correlation analysis and Causal Study (Multiple Regression Analysis) was conducted on 404 employees of selected IT companies in Chandigarh to analyzepredictive relationship. Openness to Experience, Agreeableness and Extraversion emerged as significant correlates and predictors of job performance and explained 35.2% of the variance in participants’ management performance.Neuroticism was found to be a negative correlate. On the other hand, Conscientiousness trait had insignificant relation to the model. Theoretical and managerial implications are discussed.
Key words: Personality, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism, Five factor model of personality, Openness to Experience, Job performance 
 

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Barrick, M.R., Mount, M.K. &Judge T, A (2001) Personality and Performance at the Beginning of the New Millennium: What Do We Know and Where Do We Go Next? International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 9, 9-30. Barrick, M. R., & Mount, M. K. (1991). The Big Five personality dimensions and job performance: A meta-analysis. Personnel Psychology, 44, 1-26.

P. Mayilshami & U. Pandian

EFFECTIVENESS OF MULTIMEDIA PACKAGES FOR ENHANCING ACHIEVEMENT IN COMMERCE AMONG XI STANDARD STUDENTS

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7371/7376

 The present day students are in a digital era of learning. During their course of study they acquire a wide range of information from various sources like Internet, books and journals. They came into contact with worldwide friends using Twitter, Face book and Google Groups etc. The researcher observed that the students face many problems on learning the subject; Commerce, especially advertising, because of its vague and critical nature. Majority of the content in the said subject are in advertising which develops unwanted boredom in the minds of the students. If it is taught with the help of software packages, the teacher can explain the learning more interesting and meaningful. The investigator intends to prepare a multimedia package using video lessons and animation covering the commerce subject and it’s tested on the students of experimental group and compared with the control group whom were taught chalk and talk method.  The study proved that the control and experimental post-test group students differ in their achievement of commerce. The students in the experimental group are better in their commerce achievement than the Control group.

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Babu and Vimala (2008) conducted study on impact of multimedia method in accountancy learning at higher secondary level. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Alagappa University. Commerce, Higher Secondary I year, Tamil Nadu Text Book and Educational Services Corporation, College road, Chennai -6 Computers and Education. Volume 53, Issue 4, December 2009, Pages 1297-1307 Beyza Karadeniz Bayrak and Hale Bayram (2010) conducted a study on the effect of computer aided teaching method on the students’ academic achievement in the science and technology course.

Amit Kumar Jain & Anuj Kumar Ruhela

A REVIEW ON SWACHH BHARAT ABHIYAN

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7377/7391

 India is a home to 1.21 billion people, about one-sixth of the world’s population. The Prime Minister of India launched the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) on 2nd October, 2014 to accelerate the efforts to achieve universal sanitation coverage and to put focus on sanitation. It is India\\\'s biggest ever cleanliness drive and 3 million government employees and school and college students of India participated in this event. The SBM has two sub-missions, the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) and the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban). Ministry of Drinking Water & Sanitation is the nodal Ministry for SBM (Gramin) and Ministry of Urban Development is the nodal Ministry for SBM (Urban). The core objectives of SBM are to bring about an improvement in the general quality of life in the rural areas. India clean by October 2, 2019 with core objectives of making the country 100% free from Open Defecation and ensuring 100% Modern and Scientific Municipal Solid Waste Management as a fitting tribute to the 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, which in rural areas shall mean improving the levels of cleanliness. Villages are considered "Open Defecation-Free" when no faeces are openly visible and every household and public/community institution uses safe technology to dispose of faeces in such a way that there is no contamination of surface soil, groundwater or surface water; excreta is inaccessible to flies or animals, with no manual handling of fresh excreta; and there are no odour and unsightly conditions.  Usually, an "ODF village" declaration is made by the village or Gram Panchayat.  As of 2016, 36.7% of rural households and 70.3% of urban households, 48.4% of households overall used improved sanitation facilities as per data of National Family Health Survey 4, which was conducted between January 2015 and December 2016, show. A majority, 51.6%, did not. Household toilet availability has improved from 41.93% 2014 to 63.98% in 2017, and the state of Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Kerala have achieved 100% Open Defecation Free (ODF) status as per data of the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation. Gram Panchayats have self-declared 193,081 villages to be ODF, but 53.9% of these have not been verified, according to the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation, which is responsible for Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin, which accounts for 85% of Swachh Bharat Mission\\\'s budget. (Data accessed on May 22, 2017). According to the Swachh Survekshan 2017 Report, the top two cleanest cities in India are Indore and Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh while Gonda in Uttar Pradesh is the dirtiest city in India, Every segment of population, from primary school children to elderly persons need to be properly sensitized about inherent linkages of sanitation for public health. Besides roping in the educational institutions, particularly the schools in awareness campaigns, optimum use needs to be made of social media as well as electronic and print media to spread the message to grass root level. Celebrities like Amitabh Bachchan is leading a “Darwaza Bandh” (on open defecation) campaign for SBA. The film Toilet: Ek Prem Katha was released in Indian Cinema in the year of 2017 to improve the sanitation conditions, with an emphasis on the eradication of open defecation, especially in rural areas. Swachh Shakti 2018 is celebrated in Lucknow with 15 thousands women Swachh Bharat Champions resolving to usher in Clean India on International Women’s Day (8th March 2018).
Key words: Swachh Bharat Abhiyan: Advertisement campaign; Endorsing cleanliness, Defecation and Survey
 

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Budget (2016): Swachh Bharat Abhiyan gets Rs 9,000 crore", The Economic Times, 29 February 2016 PM India". Prime Minister's Office. Retrieved 27 November 2014. De, L.C.; Singh, D.R.; Thapa,S.; and Gurun, R.C (2016) Swachh Bharat Abhiyan - An overview International Journal of Information Research and Review 3(11): 3065-3073. Employment News 17-23rd March 2018 pp. 30.

Meenakshi & Shaina

A STUDY OF SPIRITUAL INTELLIGENCE AMONG POST GRADUATE STUDENTS

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7392/7398

 

Purpose: The major objective of this study was to study Spiritual Intelligence among post graduate students.

Operational Terms: Spiritual intelligence is defined as the intelligence essential to realize inner self. It focuses on accommodative and wise utilization of spiritual information to solve problems and achieve goals.

Methodology: This study undertakes a survey of the post graduate male and female students of Sirsa District (Haryana) to determine their spiritual intelligence. A sample of 100 students and their responses to different dimensions of Spiritual Intelligence (Critical Existential Awareness,  Personal Production, Transcendental Awareness and Conscious State Awareness) were collected using a standardized tool Spiritual Intelligence self-inventory” developed by David. King (2008). In order to evaluate the responses, t-test was applied.

Results: The results revealed that there is no significant difference in spiritual intelligence between male and female post graduate students.

Key words: Spiritual Intelligence, Critical Existential Awareness, Personal Production, Transcendental Awareness, Conscious State Awareness, Post Graduate Students

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Abdul, V., Abidin, I., & Abhamid, M. (2013). The impact of spiritual intelligence on work perfornmence. International Journal of Psychology and Religion, Vol. 10, 14-19. Ahmad, M. M., Naizar, A. S., Zaid, M. A., Ahmed, F. A., & Jawhara, D. A.(2015). The relationship between spiritual intelligence and personality traits among Jordian university students. Psychology Research and Behavior Management, vol. 8, 89-97. Azizi, M, & Zamaniyan, M. (2013). The relationship between spiritual intelligence & vocabulary learnings stratagies in EFL Learners. Theory & practice in language study, Vol. 3(5), 45-48.

Tania Khurana

AN ANALYTICAL STUDY ON THE PROPOSED AMENDMENT IN NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENT ACT, 2017: A STEP TOWARDS DEVELOPMENT OF JUDICIAL SYSTEM IN INDIA

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7399/7410

 In this continuously growing world where development has become the goal of every nation, trade and commerce sector pays a major contribution to this growth. So as to regulate make this sector more developed the act of Negotiable Instruments Act was introduced with an objective of increasing the credibility and so as to gain more confidence of citizens in paper currency in this race of digitization. With time every law needs amendment so was the case with the NI Act; from 1881 to 2017 it covered a journey of amendments been made by legislature but still the objective of the act was left halfway, the legislature then introduced the concept of interim compensation. This article discusses about the newly proposed amendment in NI Act, about the objective of NI Act which legislature wants to fulfill through this amendment. It also discusses about the constitutional right of speedy trial and its implication in practical life. The objective of writing this article is to make a clear picture of the amendment by stating its pros and cons and how this amendment can be a landmark change in law.
Keywords: cheque dishonour, amendments, article 21, interim compensation, practical scenario.
 

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Shalini Padhi & Parag Ajagaonkar

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ADVERTISEMENTS OF JEWELLERY BRANDS AND ITS IMPACT ON CUSTOMERS IN MUMBAI.

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7411/7425

 The main purpose of conducting this research is to study the impact of jewellery advertisements on the consumer buying behavior with special reference to Mumbai city. The objective of the study is to do a brand comparison on basis of their advertisements and to get an insight about the preference given to different elements of a jewellery advertisement on a rating scale by the consumers. Also, to analysis which media is most effective when it comes to reach the target audience. The primary data was collected through questionnaire and personal contact from around 145 customers. Mainlythe top five jewellery brands of the city have been taken into consideration for this research. The study was restricted only to Mumbai city. This study will help jewellery retailers to understand about whatconsumers notice in a jewellery advertisement and accordingly frame their promotional strategies.
Keywords: Jewellery, Advertisements, Branded, Celebrity, Media.
 

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Mulky, A. G., Bose, S., Majumdar, A., Pundra, C.k. and Saritha (2015). Market entry strategy in platinum jewellery category. An IIMB Management Review Initiative. Rawal, K. R. (2015). A study of consumer buying behaviour for purchasing of diamond jewellery from branded retailers. Tactful Management Research Journal, 99-104. Dauriz, Linda, et al. “A Multifaceted Future: The Jewelry Industry in 2020.” McKinsey & Company, www.mckinsey.com/industries/retail/our-insights/a-multifaceted-future-the-jewelry-industry-in-2020. The Retailer’s Guide to Marketing Diamond Jewellery.

Manju Mishra

SAMAJIK VYAVASATHA AUR SHIKSHA PER NIRDHANTA KA PRABHAV : EK DRUSTHIKON

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7426/7429

 

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Miss. Charu Garg

EFFECTIVE ADVERTISING: A COMMUNICATING PERSPECTIVE

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7429/7435

 Advertising is a form of communication intended to convince an audience to purchase or take some action upon products, information or services etc. Advertising has been used for many years to influence the buying behavior of the consumers. It is helpful in creating the awareness and perception among the customers. This paper is an attempt to study the evolution of advertising and learn and learn about technological advances that have been fueled the growth of advertising. It is a powerful marketing tool of mass communication. A product must study about the excellence of advertising so that he can extend his market share, increase the number of potential customers and to satisfy them and can achieve all the objectives of his business unit. 
Keywords: Advertising, Communicating, Perspective, Consumer, Business.
 

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Bovee, Thill and Dovel, Wood(1995), “Advertising Excellence”, McGraw Hills, International Edition. Batra, Rajeev and Myers, John G. and Aaker, David A.(1998), “Advertising Management”, Prentice Hall of India private Limited, New Delhi. C.H., Sandage & Vernon, Fryburger & Kim, Rotzoll(1996), “Advertising Theory and Practice”, A.I.T.B.S Publishers and Distributors, Delhi. George, E.Belch & Michael, A. Betch(1998), “Advertising and Promotion”, Irwin /Mc Graw Hill, International Edition.

Subhash Singh

ROLE OF INFORMATION & COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN EDUCATION

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7436/7442

 This paper is a mere attempt to present a glimpse of meaning of ICT, its importance & its  mandatory need for education, which is indispensable. ICT stands for INFORMATION & COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY. These technologies include: computers, the Internet, Broadcasting technologies (radio and television), Telephony. One of the many challenges facing developing countries today is that of preparing their societies and governments for globalization and the information and communication revolution. Policy-makers, educationists, non-governmental organizations, academics and ordinary citizens are increasingly concerned with the need to make their societies competitive in the emergent information economy. Globalization and innovations in technology have led to an increased use of ICTs in all sectors - and education is no exception. Uses of ICTs in education are widespread and are continually growing worldwide.
 It is generally believed that ICTs can empower teachers and learners, making significant contributions to learning and achievement. Of the teachers interviewed on the effectiveness of ICT in education majority of them felt that introduction and use of ICT adequately will be extremely effective in children learning and achievement. However, current research on the impacts of ICTs on student achievement yields few conclusive statements, pros or con, about the use of ICTs in education. Studies have shown that even in the most advanced schools in industrialized countries, ICTs are generally not considered central to the teaching and learning process. However, there appears to be a mismatch  between methods used to measure effects and the type of learning promoted. Standardized testing, for example, tends to measure the results of traditional teaching practices, rather than new knowledge and skills related to the use of ICTs. It is clear that more research needs to be conducted to understand the complex links between ICTs, learning, and achievement. Again, on the question of impact of audio visuals, research shows that surprisingly little documentation is available on the use and impact of video in education, barring one or two video projects like UNICEF‟s animation series, Meena‟, which has become a key weapon in the battle against gender and social inequity in South Asia. Many teachers are reluctant to use ICTs, especially computers and the internet. Some of the reasons for this reluctance include poor software design, skepticism about the effectiveness of computers in improving learning outcomes, lack of administrative support, increased time and effort needed to learn the technology and how to use it for teaching, and the fear of losing their authority in the classroom as it becomes more learner-centered. In terms of using internet and other ICT as a resource for lesson preparation, most of the teachers interviewed, admitted to never or rarely using it, while very few used the internet to gather information sporadically or regularly. 
Keywords: Information & Communication Technology (ICT), Computer, Internet, World Wide Web (WWW), Teleconferencing, Radio, Television. 
 

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Mediha Tezcan : The Role of Education and ICT in Economy, Proceedings of the International Conference on Human and Economic Resources, 2006. 2. Sharma Parul : Approach To ICT in Library Training, Education & Technology: Issues & Challenges, ICAL Poster paper, 2009. 3. Shiksha Sammelan : ICT for Quality Education, Vikramshila Education Resource Society, Kolkota, 2009. 1.

Yogesh Punia

LIMITED RESOURCES, UNLIMITED ENTHUSIASM A CASE STUDY OF KENDRIYA VIDYALAYA HARSINGHPURA, KARNAL

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7443/7447

 One of the most important features of INDIA is the rich and diverse culture and thus at every mile, we could see a shift of lifestyle, beliefs and even mindset and career choices. This Study is first phase of the Research carried out by the investigator to see if by careful and thoughtful inclusion of technology, a mind shift could be achieved in the eager young minds of the Government School Kendriya Vidyalaya  Harsinghpura , Karnal(H.R). The investigator, as TGT Mathematics used various ICT interventions such as YouTube Video Lectures, Projector Presentations. This report is an attempt to show what a little touch of technology along with the zeal to work hard could do. 

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Ampiah, J., Akyeampong, A. K., & Leliveld, M. (2004). Science, mathematics and ICT (SMICT), secondary education in sub-Saharan Africa - country profile Ghana. Centre for International Cooperation (CIS), Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam British Educational Communications and Technology Agency (BECTA) (2003). What the research says about using ICT in Maths. www.becta.org.uk/research

A. K. Agnihotri

A STUDY OF THE ENGLISH CREATIVITY OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS OF ROPAR DISTRICT WITH REFERENCE TO SEX AND TYPE OF SCHOOL

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7448/7453

 Education is an ability possessed and exercised by humans to use their knowledge and past experiences to deal with future events more effectively and efficiently. Generally, fostering learner creativity is a vital role for any teacher, as doing so can help learners to develop predictive, analytical, critical, and problem solving skills, to develop confidence and self-esteem. Fostering creativity is even more important for a teacher of a second or foreign language as it can help to achieve the affective and cognitive engagement vital for language acquisition as well as helping learners to understand language used for natural communication and to use language for effective communication themselves. English is a leader language of all languages spoken by the people in the world. Instead of pressuring the Children for the good result in the school one should create a burden free environment for the children so they can explore their creativity. As we know every child is unique and has different skills from others. For the expression of their creative talent they have a painter called teacher in the school. The international development of a man\\\'s character is only possible by the education. The present research “A study of the English creativity of the High school students of Ropar District with reference to sex and type of school” is an attempt to look into the relationship of creativity and learning English. 
Keywords: English, Creativity, School, Students, Teachers, Sex
 

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Fa1emeh Scddigh & Nasrin Shokrpour (2013). Creativity and Its Rela1ionship With Vocabulary Learning Strategy and Use of EFL Students, Journal of Studies in Education,Vol.3. No.2, ISSN 2162-6952. Hiwa WeisiI & Zahra Khaksar (2015). The Effect of Hemispheric Dominance from Learner's Creativity in Writing, International Journal of English and Education, Volume: 4, Issue: 2, ISSN 2278-4012

Aparna Ajith

NO COUNTRY FOR WOMEN: AN APPRAISAL OF MUNSHI PREMCHAND’S SEVASADAN AND NIRMALA

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7454/7464

 

Needless to say, society sets norms and rules which its members have to adhere to. It has also set up mechanisms to deal with the anomalies that may potentially disrupt the system. Despite all the scientific and technological advancements, we survive in such a society where the needle of the watch decides the character and morality of a female. The paper attempts to vouchsafe the phases as well as the faces of a wretched woman’s entity through the novels Sevasadan and Nirmala by Munshi Premchand. The novels can be looked at not as an individual story but a piece of story expounding the extreme sorry state of multitudes of women. A comparative exegesis of two novels which represent the two facets of women opens an avenue to closely look at the tragic issues of dowry system, mismatched marriage, prostitution and its after-effects. The intended study affirms the fact that both the heroines of the concerned novels are driven to their ordained plight due to the compulsions of the society and not out of individual choice.

KEYWORDS: Realism, Progressive Movement, marriage, social norms, phases of women

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Premchand, Sevasadan, Translated by Snehal Shingavi, with an introduction by Vasudha Dalmia, New Delhi.Oxford UP, 2005. Premchand, Nirmala. Trans. Alok Rai, New Delhi. Oxford UP, 2001. Ajith, Aparna. Through the Cathartic lens: A Study of Fallen Woman in Munshi Premchand’s Sevasadan and Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai’s Patita Pankajam, Criterion,Vol.8, Issue- VIII ( July 2017)

Arpita Kumar

VALUE INCULCATION AMONG FUTURE TEACHERS

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7465/7467

 

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Deb, K. (2005). Value orientation in teacher education. Journal of Educational Studies, 3(1), 49. Misra, G., Srivastava, A.K. and Gupta, S. (1995). Towards understanding the cultural construction of childhood in India: Some observations. Paper presented at a symposium on Human Development held on 14-18 Dec. 1995 at M.S. University of Baroda. Adaval, S.B. et. al. (1984). An Analytical Study of Teacher Education in India. Allahabad :Amitabh Prakashan.

Sandeep Kataria

STUDY OF PUNCTUALITY AMONG SCHOOL GOING ADOLESCENTS IN RELATION TO THEIR HOME ENVIRONMENT

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7468/7474

 The main objective of the present study was to find out the relationship between Punctuality and Home Environment among school going adolescents. To achieve this objective, Punctuality and home environment Scale developed by the investigator were used. The sample consisted of 100 Government Secondary School students of 9th Class were selected randomly from Sri Muktsar Sahib District of Punjab, India. The sample was equally categorized between Boys- Girls and Rural- Urban students. The results revealed that there exists significant relationship between Punctuality and Home Environment among school going adolescents. It is also found out that urban adolescents are more punctual as compare to rural adolescents. No significant difference was found among rural and urban adolescents as well as boys and girls on the variable of Home environment.
Keywords:  Punctuality, Home Environment, School going adolescents.
 

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Aggarwal, S. & Masand, H. (2003). Absenteeism among past graduate girls students, causes and remedies. Journal of All India Association for Educational Research, 15(3), 43-45. Retrieved on March 05, 2016 from http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream /10603/36885/10/10_chapter%202.pdf . Alam, Q.G. & Srivastava, R. (1981). Investigated punctuality type and anxiety. Journal of All -India Association for Educational Research, 18(1), 104-107. Alam, Q.G. & Srivastava, R.(1982). Punctuality. Journal of All India Association for Educational Research, 23 (3), 123-132.

Jyoti Baijal

ELIXIR TO EXAMINATION STRESS AMONG STUDENT - STUDY SKILLS TRAINING AND SYSTEMATIC DESENSITIZATION

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7475/7479

 Examination stress is a ubiquitous phenomenon that has, in the present times, adversely affected the learning outcomes and performance of the students at all levels- primary, secondary or higher education. It’s increasing intensity specifically among students appearing for high stakes board examination evokes a response from the teaching fraternity at the earliest. The reason being that a prolonged experience of stress with respect to evaluative situations is bound to prove detrimental to the mental, physical and emotional well-being of the students. For the nation to develop and progress towards a knowledge society, it is imperative that the students are taught to cope with stressful stimuli and improve performance. Study-Skills Training is an intervention intended to improve their study and test- taking habits and skills. It is based on a cognitive-deficit model which is directed towards improving a variety of cognitive activities that affect the organization, processing and retrieval of information and thereby help in reducing the experience of examination stress. Systematic desensitization as a process can be used to unlearn anxiety reactions by replacing the anxiety response with a calm, relaxed state. Thus, a combination of study-skills training and systematic desensitization has been shown to be effective and superior in alleviating test anxiety.

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Baijal, J. (2016). A Study Of Examination Stress In Relation To Memory And Learning Styles (No. 2016-03-02). Lazarus, R. S. (1968). Emotions and adaptation: Conceptual and empirical relations. In Nebraska symposium on motivation. University of Nebraska Press.

Karigoleshwar

EMERGING TRENDS IN BANKING SECTOR - ITS CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7480/7488

 In financial sector the banking industry is the largest player, has also been undergoing a major change. Today the banking industry is stronger and capable of withstanding the pressures of competition.  Today, we are having a fairly well developed banking system with different classes of banks – public sector banks, foreign banks, private sector banks – both old and new generation, regional rural banks and co-operative banks with the Reserve Bank of India as the fountain Head of the system. In the banking field, there has been an unprecedented growth and diversification of banking industry has been so stupendous that it has no parallel in the annals of banking anywhere in the world. The banking industry has experienced a series of significant transformations in the last few decades. Among the most important of them is the change in the type of organizations that dominate the landscape. Since the eighties, banks have increased the scope and scale of their activities and several banks have become very large institutions with a presence in multiple regions of the country.\\\' The paper examines the new trends in commercial banking. The present era the cashless transactions, E-cheques, mobile wallets. The paper attempts to present the emerging trends and its challenges that recently emerged in the banking sector with special emphasis on digitization. It will be useful to the academicians, banking and insurance personnel, students and researchers. Common readers also know the latest innovations in banking sector

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M.Sujatha1, N.V Haritha2, P. Sai Sreeja (2017), “a study on recent trends of banking sector in India” www.conferenceworld.in 23-dec-2017,ISBN 9789386171887, page No:296-303. Narasimham Committee (1991) Report on Banking Sector Reforms (Chairman M. Narasimham) (http://www.rbi.org.in, accessed on 17 May 2007). Sivakumaran, M.V. (2005). Banking technology course material for MTech (IT) with specialization in banking technology and information security, IDRBT.

Shweta Gaikwad & Arun Ingle

ATTITUDE AND PERCEPTION OF EMPLOYEES TOWARDS TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7489/7500

 Training and Development is one of the crucial differentiator for business especially manufacturing industries.  The training and development system in manufacturing industries in Ahmednagar as needs a systematic overhaul. The present training and development programs lack a systematic approach especially in regards to design and planning approach. If the testimony of the employees is to be believed then manufacturing industries lack a clear policy of training and development and seldom are employees deputed to external organizations. The attitudes towards training are influenced due to individual and institutional attributes. 

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ABDULLAH, H. (2009). Major challenges to the effective management of human resource training and development activities. The Journal of International Social Research , 11-16. Baggaa, A. (2016, Feb 08). Unless Urgent Steps Are Taken, Make in India Will Remain a Non-Starter. The Wire . Brown, G. K., & Gerhardt, W. M. (2002). Formative evaluation: an integrative practice model and case study. Personnel Psychology , 951-983.

Haifa Mohammed Khaled Al-Aghbari

CATHOLICISM AND CULTURE IMPACT IN GREENE'S NOVEL 'BRIGHTON ROCK'

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7501/7523

 This research aims to discuss the impact of Catholicism and culture in Greene\\\'s novel \\\'Brighton Rock\\\'. There are four objectives for this research that are to what degree Catholicism has an impact in the novel, to what degree culture has its impact in the novel, which is stronger the religion impact or the culture one, and finally the reason of making Greene uses these two impacts. The research is divided into four parts, the first one gives a brief summary of the novel. The second discusses the impact of religion based on the eight aspects of Catholicism. The third discusses the impact of culture based on the seven aspects of culture, and finally the conclusion. Through the novel, one can figures that Greene uses the impact of culture to support his religious theme which means the impact of religion in the novel is stronger than the culture one. Greene has a crucial message to send throughout Brighton Rock that God\\\'s mercy is upon everything, so no one has the right to judge others\\\' faith.
Keywords: - Catholicism, culture, Brighton Rock 
 

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"Charles Péguy”. An article published in Wikipedia. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_P%C3%A9guy#cite_note-1311. 13. Zgierska, Roksana. Cloete, Nettie. Religious Paradox in Graham Greene's novels. An article published in Koers, 1998. Elements of Crome Writing: Text overview- Brighton Rock. An article published in AQA, Realising Potential Emsbabee. "Between the stirrup and the Ground". An article published in the website; http://www.bookdrum.com/books/brightonrock/9780099478478/bookmarks-76-100.html?bookId=103061. copyright 2009-2013 Book Drum Ltd. G. Hefner, Alan. " The Hail Mary - Mantra to Sin and Death:" https://www.themystica.com/mystica/articles/m/mantra_to_sin_death_the_hail_mary.html Henderson,Daniel. " Discuss Greene's Use of Religion and Religious Imagery in ' Brighton Rock'". An article published in http://www.markedbyteachers.com/gcse/religious-studies-philosophy-and-ethics/discuss-greene-s-use-of-religion-and-religious-imagery-in-brighton-rock.html, 2015

Priyanka. M. C.

RHETORIC OF DRESS: INTERGENERATIONAL DISCREPANCIES IN QAISRA SHAHRAZ’S SHORT STORY A PAIR OF JEANS

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7524/7530

 
This paper addresses the ongoing tug - of - war between the first and second generation immigrants with respect to dress, and highlights the role played by costume in everyday lives. The predicament of the younger generation squashed between two extremely different cultures - one vouching for a conservative lifestyle and the other edging towards extremity mirrors the ever - changing cultural landscapes all over the world. No matter how much time has flown by, there are certain mindsets that are deeply rooted. Migrants are often compelled to make rapid changes in their overall personalities in order to be fully accepted by the host community. Here dress becomes the most resonant sign language, the spectrum through which cultures assess its members. This short story dramatizes precisely the desperate position of women who are forced to put on a mask to please the rest of the lot so as to secure their space in the social order. 
Keywords: Dress, Culture, Tradition, Intergenerational Differences.
 

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Baumeister, Roy, and Mark Leary. “The Need to Belong: Desire for Interpersonal Attachments as a Fundamental Human Motivation.” Psychological Bulletin 117(1995):497-529. Print. Friedan, Betty. The Feminine Mystique. New York: W.W. Norton & Co, Inc., 1963. Print. Kwak, Kyunghwa. “Adolescents and Their Parents: A Review of Intergenerational Family Relations for Immigrant and Non-Immigrant Families." Human Development 26(2003):115-136. Print. “Qaisra Shahraz.” Moving Manchester Writer’s Gallery. Lancaster U, n.d. Web. 25 Dec. 2017. Shahraz, Qaisra. “A Pair of Jeans.” Caught between Cultures: Colonial and Postcolonial Short Stories. Ed. Helen Smyth and Ellen Butzko. Germany: GGP Media GmbH, 2005. Print.

Ruchika Verma & Seema Dhawan

A STUDY ON THE QUALITY ASSURANCE OF PAST AND PRESENT EVALUATION PROCEDURE OF B.ED. PROGRAMME OF GARHWAL UNIVERSITY (THE CENTRAL UNIVERSITY) IN VIEW OF NCTE NORMS.

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7531/7538

 The study attempted to find out the quality of the evaluation procedure of B.Ed. programme of Garhwal University, the Central University in view of NCTE Norms.  The study also reveals the method and procedure of evaluation according to the latest 2 years B.Ed. programme. For the study, purposive sampling method was used.  The tools – questionnaire and interview schedule was developed.  On the basis of findings, it concluded that the evaluation procedure was in accordance with the NCTE Norms.  With the implementation of two years B.Ed. course, the method of evaluation has also become more practical oriented, which has become a remarkable achievement and surely enhance the quality of prospective teachers.

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Aggarwal, J.C. (1998).Teacher’s Role, Status, Service Conditions and Education in India. Doaba House, Delhi. Chatterjee, S.K.(2008)Teacher Education : Its Revitalization and Quality Control. Anweshika- Indian Journal of Teacher Education. Volume – 5, No. 2(NCERT). Goswami, D.(2007)Student Teachers’ Perception of Quality Teacher Education. Anweshika – Journal of Teacher Education. Voil. 4 No.1. Indian Educational Abstracts (2004) Volume 4 No. 1.NCERT. N.C.T.E.(1998).Curriculum framework for Quality Teacher Education. New Delhi. Sarangi, S., Kumari, P. (2007)Quality Assurance through Professional Devlopment of Teachers. EDUTRACKS. Vol.7 No.3.

Hanae Errhouni, G. Sundharavadivel & B. Devamaindhan

CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY: DEFINITIONS AND PERSPECTIVES

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7539/7544

 CSR (Corporate Social Responsibility) brings together all the practices put in place by companies in order to respect the principles of sustainable development, that is to say be economically viable, have a positive impact on society but also better respect the environment.
Keywords: Corporate social Responsibility, Environment, sustainable development, well-being.
 

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Sarasvast Kumar

BHARTIY SHASTRIY SANGEET ME RAG VARGIKARAN PADHATI KA VISHLESHANATMAK ADHYAYAN

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7545/7552

 

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Sanjam Upadhyay

INCLUSIVE EDUCATION: UNESCO AND IFLA GUIDELINES

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7553/7557

 In 1994 UNESCO gave guidelines to assist countries in strengthening the focus on inclusion in their strategies and plans for education, to introduce the broadened concept of inclusive education and to highlight the areas that need particular attention to promote inclusive education and strengthen policy development.  IFLA and UNESCO have same motive of providing inclusive education. This paper highlights equitable quality education for people with disability. Access to information is important; and since the library plays a key role in providing this access, there is a need to develop policies and put structures in place cater to the needs special children. A library is fundamentally an organized set of resources, which include human services as well as the entire spectrum of media (e.g., text, video, and hypermedia). Libraries have physical components such as space, equipments, and storage media. This paper presents IFLA and UNESCO’s Policies and Strategies, Inclusive Design and Services for special children.
Keywords: Inclusive Education, Information Centers, UNESCO, IFLA, 
 

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United Nations (1948). Universal Declaration of Human Rights, New York, UN Headquarters http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/ Retrieved on 10/2/2018 United Nations (1960). Convention against Discrimination in Education, New York, UN Headquarters. http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/ education.htm Retrieved on 8/2/2018 United Nations (1989). Convention on the Rights of the Child, http://www.unicef.org/crc/ Retrieved on 9/2/2018 United Nations (1993). Standard Rules on the Equalization of Opportunities for Persons with Disabilities, New York, UN Headquarters. http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/enable/dissre00.htm Retrieved on 8/2/2018 United Nations (2005). Convention on the Protection and Promotion of Diversity in Cultural Expression, New York, UN Headquarters. http://portal.unesco. org/en/ev.php Retrieved on 7/2/2018 United Nations (2006). Convention on Rights of People with Disabilities, New York, UN Headquarters. http://www.un.org/disabilities/convention/conventionfull.shtml Retrieved on 8/2/2018 UN General Assembly Resolution 61/295(2007) United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. New York, UN Headquarters. http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unpfii/en/drip.html Retrieved on 8/2/2018 USEPA. (2017). Sustainability. http://www.epa.gov/sustainability/basicinfo.htm Retrieved on 8/2/2018.

Sarasvast Kumar

BHARTIY SANGEET PARAMPARAON ME VADYON KE VIKAS KA MAHATWA

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7558/7563

 

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Dharambeer Singh

UNDER-GRADUATE STUDENTS AND THE ROLE OF E- LIBRARIES TO UPLIFT THE QUALITY OF HIGHER EDUCATION

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7564/7570

 Digital libraries, designed to serve people and their information needs in the same way as traditional libraries, present distinct advantages over brick and mortar facilities: elimination of physical boundaries, round-the-clock access to information, multiple access points, networking abilities, and extended search functions. As a result, they should be especially well-suited for the disables. However, minorities, those affected by lower income and education status, persons living in rural areas, the physically challanged, and developing countries as a whole consistently suffer from a lack of accessibility to digital libraries. This paper evaluates the effectiveness and relevance of digital libraries currently in place and discusses what could and should be done to improve accessibility to digital libraries for under-graduate students.

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Chowdhury, G. G. (2002). Digital divide: how can digital libraries bridge the gap? Digital Libraries: people, knowledge and technology Title Page 12 Jeng, J. (2005). What is usability in the context of the digital library and how can it be measured? Information Technology and Libraries, 24(2), 47-56. Kani-Zabihi, E., Ghinea, G., & Chen, S. Y. (2006). Digital libraries: what do users want? Online Information Review, 30(4), 395-412. Marchionini, G., Plaisant, C., & Komlodi, A. (2003). The people in digital libraries multifaceted approaches to assessing needs and impact. Digital Library Use: Social Practice in Design and Evaluation. Cambridge, MA: MIT. Mates, B. T. (2010). Assistive technologies. American Libraries, 41(10), 40-42. Witten, I. H. (2004). Digital library futuristics: Developing countries, universal access, and information for all. Proc International Conference on Digital Libraries, vol 2, New Delhi, 962-968.

Shikha Tyagi & V. K. Moudgil

PSYCHOLOGICAL QUALITY OF LIFE AND WELL-BEING AS CORRELATES OF SPIRITUAL, RELIGIOUS AND PERSONAL BELIEFS

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7571/7577

 Today’s youth are the shapers and leaders of our global future and are often seen as healthiest cohort. But, their distressing state such as anxiety, depression, self harm, and disobedience shows that youth of today is not healthy psychologically. They undergo severe psychological distress due to many factors such as their own and family expectations, pressure for achieving success and excellence in walk of life and many others. The present investigation was planned to study predictors of psychological quality of life & wellbeing among youth populations. The sample for the study consisted of 754 youth within the age range of 16-29 years. They were assessed with World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL BREF) & World Health Organisation Spiritual, Religious, Personal Beliefs (WHOQOL - SRPB) Field Test Instrument. Data were processed by correlation and regression analysis. The results revealed that psychological quality of life & wellbeing is positively associated with spiritual, religious and personal beliefs among youth. Stepwise regression analysis identified eight predictors of psychological quality of life and wellbeing i.e. spiritual connection, meaning and purpose in life, wholeness and integration, spiritual strength, inner peace, hope and optimism, and faith.
Key Words: Psychological Quality of Life, Wellbeing, Spiritual, Religious & Personal Beliefs 
 

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The Power of 1.8 Billion: Adolescents, Youth and the Transformation of the Future. State of World Population. New York: UNFPA; 2014. http://www.unfpa.org/swop (Assessed on June 2016). NCERT, (2016). Adolescence Education Programme (AEP). (Assessed on June 2016) www.aeparc.org.aboutaep

Seema Dhawan & Shivani Upreti

LIFESTYLE OF PUPIL TEACHERS WITH RESPECT TO GENDER AND STREAM

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7578/7588

 In the last few years we all have seen a very huge change in the discussion of issues related with our environment and our development. Now everyone is concerned about following healthy lifestyle. It is being widely seen today that the lifestyle of teachers is gradually changing, due to adaptation of modern ways of living and altered lifestyle pattern. Healthy lifestyle has direct impact on the personality of the teachers. Teachers are role model of the students, so it is expected from them that they must follow healthy lifestyle. It is very important to know about the lifestyles of male and female pupil teachers. Also we should know whether there is any difference in the lifestyle of graduate and post graduate pupil teachers. Here an attempt has been taken to study the lifestyle of B.Ed pupil teachers of Pauri Garhwal and Dehradun district.
Keywords: Environment, Development, Pupil Teachers, Lifestyle,
 

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Adaramaja, S.R.; Adenubi, O.S. and Alabi,Y.L., (2010). Influence of Demographic factors on the Lifestyle of Tertiary Institutions Students in Kwara State, Nigeria: Educational Media and Counselling Interventions. Research Journal of Applied Science, 5(2), 73-77. Afridi, A.A.K.; Motwani, K.; Khawaja, S.; Khoja, A.A.; Fatmi, Z.; Azam, I.; (2013). Self-perceived health among school going adolescents in Pakistan: Influence of individual, parental and life style factors? Glob J Health Sci, 5(4):71-78 Bawa, S.K. & Kaur, S. (2010). Manual for life style scale. National psychological corporation, Agra Dabral, B. (2011). A comparative study of creativity, achievement and level of aspiration of secondary stage students of government, non-government and open schools. Ph.D.thesis, Department of Education, H.N.B.Garhwal University. Bhatnagar, R.P. (2008). Reading in Methodology of Research in Education, R. Lall Book Depot, Meerut.

Ajay Kumar & Sanjay Trama

AN ANALYTICAL STUDY OF CHILDHOOD MALNUTRITION OF BOYS FROM URBAN SCHOOLS OF HARYANA

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7589/7592

 The purpose of the study was to explore prevalence of malnutrition in school going boys of urban school of Haryana the study was done on 70 school boys of 10-12 years from urban areas of Haryana and the study shows that 51.42% boys are under nourished and fall in underweight category where as 25.71% of total boys deal with the problem of malnutrition. The sample subject had been delimited to school boys of 10-12 year from urban areas. Digital weight machine and stadiometer were used examine the BMI of the subjects. Very low percentage of boys was found overweight and obese from urban school. Perhaps high demand of knowledge regarding nutritional values and health education is required in the society. Health services and health supervision must be given timely to children to avoid problems like malnutrition.
Keywords- BMI, WHO, Obesity, malnutrition 
 

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Styne DM. Childhood and Adolescent Obesity. PCNA 2001; 48: 823-847. Must A, PF Jacques, GE Dallal, CJ Bajema, WH Dietz. Long-term morbidity and mortality of overweight adolescents. A follow-up of the Harvard Growth Study of 19 1922 to 1935. N Engl J Med 1992; 327: 1350-1355. Obesity: preventing and managing the global epidemic. Report of a WHO consultation. Geneva, World Health Organisation 2000 (WHO Technical Report Series, No.894). Kissebah AH, Freedman DS, Peiris AN. Health risks of obesity. Med Clin North Am 1989; 73: 111-38.

Gauri Prabhu

A STUDY OF FACTORS THAT AFFECT THE SELECTION OF MUTUAL FUND SCHEMES BY INDIVIDUAL INVESTORS – WITH REFERENCE TO PUNE CITY

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7603/7608

 Mutual Fund is a form of investment where a common investor can participate in the Indian capital market with professional fund management irrespective of the amount invested. A large number of people are moving towards mutual fund investments through the route of systematic investment plan. The Indian mutual fund industry is growing steadily and this is reflected in the increase in Assets under management of various fund houses. The investment in Mutual funds is a relatively safer option for risk averse investors as they are less risky than directly investing in stocks. This research paper aims at finding out the factors affecting investment decision of mutual funds and the preference of investors to particular schemes of mutual funds. The findings will help mutual fund companies to identify the parameters which influence the investment decision of the common investor and also the preferences of particular schemes and fund houses by the investors. 
Key Terms- Mutual fund, investment decision, preferences, fund houses.
 

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Agapova, Anna, 2011, “The Role of Money Market Mutual Funds in Mutual Fund Families”, Journal of Applied Finance, Vol. 21, Issue. 1, pp. 87-102.2. Agarwal, Vikas; Boyson, Nicole M.; Naik, Narayan Y, 2009 “Hedge Funds for Retail Investors? An Examination of Hedged Mutual Funds”, Journal of Financial & Quantitative Analysis, Vol. 44, Issue 2, pp. 273-305. A. Vennila, R. Nandhagopal (2012) “Investors’ Preference towards Mutual Funds in Coimbatore City”, European Journal of Social Sciences ISSN 1450-2267 Vol.29 No.1 (2012), pp. 115-125

Mrs. Pooja

SOCIAL EMOTIONAL LEARNING FOR PROMOTING INCLUSIVE EDUCATION

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7609/7615

 Social emotional learning (SEL) is quickly becoming a cornerstone in the world of education in present scenario and inclusion of those with special needs is becoming more important. Inclusive education provides new opportunities and challenges for creating effective and conducive learning environment. In order to facilitate the success of inclusion as an approach, it is necessary that students and their teachers develop the skills to understand eachother, communicate effectively and work togetherin more conducive environment. Social emotional learning in defined to involve programs and strategies by which individuals learn to understand intrapersonal and interpersonal feelings, communicate and resolve conflicts efficiently and effectively;respect each other and develop healthy mutual relationship.SEL skills play a crucial role for children who are differently abledor to those who are not, for their social,emotional, cognitive, physical and spiritual development. SEL has the potential to enhance children academic, social, and relational outcomes. Moreover, teachers have also demonstrated positive outcome that use approaches and strategies related to social emotional learning (SEL). The present paper is an attempt to value the significance of SEL programs in inclusive classrooms/environment so that students as well as teachers understand and express their emotions in a healthy way, promotes empathy and acceptance for others. Besides developing SELskills, inclusive education also help to enrich academic skills and Improves Academic Outcomes
Keywords: Social emotional learning and Inclusive education.
 

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Catalano, R. F., Berglund, L., Ryan, J. A. M., Lonczek, H. S., & Hawkins, J. D. (2004). Positive youth development in the United States: Research findings on evaluations of positive youth development programs. The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 591, 98-124. Doi: 10.1177/0002716203260102 Collaborative for Academic Social and Emotional Learning. (2003). Safe and sound: An educational leader's guide to evidence-based social and emotional learning (SEL) programs. Chicago, IL: Author. Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning. (2016). SEL impact. Retrieved fromhttp://www.casel.org/impact/

Bhagvanhai H. Chaudhari

THE ROLE OF LIBRARY IN HIGHER EDUCATION

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7616/7621

 

The role of library and librarian in recent era has changed as a result of techno-driven world.  Library is considered ‘the heart’ of a university or an institute offering higher education.  After independence, the University Education Commission (1948-49) as well as Education Commission (1964) emphasized the need of academic libraries in India and suggested certain measures for betterment and effective management incorporating its organization, the availability of staff, open access system as well as financial support. University Grant Commission played a vital role for betterment of libraries in higher education by establishing Information and Library Network Centre (INFLIBNET). The SOUL (Software for University Libraries) developed by INFLIBNET centre, made available to its member free of charge, proved valuable in modernizing the entire set-up of academic libraries. The reservoir of Indian theses called Shodhganga, a database of thousands of theses from various universities across India has also become a chief source for researchers and academicians to seek the knowledge generated in various branches. The challenges like effective utilization of digital technologies, supporting access to Open Access Resources, etc. have not been overcome yet in every respect. The laws of library science designed by Dr. Ranganathan should be pursued firmly in a pragmatic manner. A quality education and research is not possible without a modernized library. Library is one of the major resources for the exchange of ideas. Academic and research work is very much preserved by library.
Keywords: academic libraries, INFLIBNET, Shodhganga, digital technologies, quality education and research, resourceful librarian.
 

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Bhatt. R.K. History and Development of Libraries in India New Delhi:Mittal Publication, 1995. Print. Crawford, W., and Gorman, M. Future Libraries: Dreams, Madness and Reality. Chicago and London: American Library Association, 1995. Print. Kumar, B. Ravi. “Role of the Library in Academic Institution” View of Space: International Multidisciplinary Journal of Applied Research Vol:1 Issue:6/Sept. 2013/ ISSN 2320-7620. Pandey, Rajesh Kumar. “Academic Libraries in India: Opportunities and Future Challenges” University News: A Weekly Journal of Higher Education. New Delhi: Association of Indian Universities, Vol.55 No. 22 May-June 04, 2017. Print. P.14-17.

Jajneswar Sethi

CIVIL WAR IN TAJIKISTAN : IT’S IMPACT ON TAJIK-RUSSIA RELATIONS

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7622/7638

 The relations between Tajikistan and Russia have passed through various stages of development starting from the Tsarist Colonial times to the present. Though the disintegration of the Soviet Union brought about drastic changes in the post-Second World War balance of power affecting the interests of both the countries, there is still a continuity in Tajik-Russia relations. The relation between the two sides has remained strong and cordial even after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Tajikistan witnessed a civil war in 1992 that resulted in large-scale out-migration of Russians who constituted the skilled and the elite groups key to the industrial development of Tajikistan. Realizing the seriousness of the situation, the Tajik Government adopted policies and confidence-building measures which cemented their relationship again. Now the inter-state relations between the two countries are on firm footing.
Keywords
Strategic Interests – Relating to the identification of long-term aims and interests and the means of achieving them.
Strategic Alliance - Agreement for cooperation among two or more parties to work together toward common objectives.
EEU – Eurasian Economic Union
SCO – Shanghai Cooperation Organization
Ethnic Conflict – A conflict between two or more contending groups
Terrain - A stretch of land especially with regard to its physical features.
Drug-smuggling- The act of transporting drugs to other countries
CIS – Commonwealth of Independent states
Exodus – A mass departure of people
Religious Fundamentalism – Excessive belief on a particular religion
Reconciliation – To explain disagreement in order to make agree
 

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Shahram Akbarzadeh, “Why Did Nationalism Fail in Tajikstan”, Europe-Asia Studies, vol. 8, No. 7, 1996, p. 1122. Ibid. Nirmala Joshi, “Russia and Central Asia : The Strategic Dimensions”, Strategic Analysis, December 1995, p. 1281. Mutahir Ahmed, “Turmoil in Tajikistan : The Role of Internal and External Powers”, Eurasian Studies, vol.2, No. 3, Fall 1995, p.71. Nirmala Joshi, “Russia and Central Asia : The Strategic Dimensions”, Strategic Analysis, Dec. 1995, p. 1277. Ibid. K. Warikoo (ed.), “Cockpit of Central Asia : Afghanistan Factor in Tajikistan’s Crisis”, in K. Warikoo (ed.) “Central Asia : Emerging New order” Har-Anand Publications, New Delhi, 1996, p. 213.

Hrushikesh Zendage

DOUGLAS MCGREGOR THEORY X AND Y

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7639/7643

 Theory X and Theory Y was an idea devised by Douglas McGregor in his 1960 book “The Human Side of Enterprise”. Theory X is management style where the emphasis is on “productivity”,on the concept of a fair day\'s work, on the evils of feather-bedding and targeted output.Theory Y is almost in complete contrast to that of Theory X. Theory Y make assumptions that people in the work force are internally motivated, self-direction and self-controlled.

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McGregor, D. (1960). The Human Side of Enterprise, New York, McGrawHill. Patience, H. (1973). Organizational Behavior, Financial Times. Sahin, F. (2012). "The mediating effect of leader-member exchange on therelationship between Theory X and Y management styles and effective commitment: A multilevel analysis." Journal of Management and Organization, 18(2). Townsend, Robert C.; Bennis, Warren (2007). Up the Organization: How to Stop the Corporation from Stifling People and Strangling Profits. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-0787987756.

Mrs. Amandeep kaur

ICT IN TEACHER EDUACTION: NEED OF THE HOUR

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7644/7649

 The major aim of the Teacher Education is to prepare reflective teachers who possess the professional knowledge, skills, technological know-how and dispositions necessary for teaching effectively to students in a diverse and global society. The role of teacher is changing so fast that no amount of pre-service and in-service teacher education can probably cope up with expectations of the society. Information and communication technologies are major factor in shaping the new global economy and producing rapid changes in the society. ICT tools have produced significant transformations in industry, agriculture, medicine, business and engineering. They also have the potential to transform the nature of education. Teacher education institutions may assume a leadership role in the transformation of education.

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Chennat, S. (2014). Internship in pre-Service teacher education Programme: A global perspective International Journal of Research in Applied, Natural and Social Sciences, 2(11),79-94. Das, R. C. (2007). Five decades of development of Teacher Education. NewDelhi. Deb, k. & Bhattacharya. (2016). Role of ICT in 21st century Teacher Education. International Journal of Education and Information Studies. Vol.VI, No. 1 (2016), 1-6. Retrieved from http://www.ripublication.com Panda, B. N. (2009). Concerns in Teacher Education. Teacher Education. New Delhi: APH publishing Corporation. Pandey, V.C. (2005). Framework of Information Communication Technology and Teacher Education. Delhi: Isha books. Sharma, S. P. (2009). Teacher Education: Principles, theories and practices. New Delhi: Kanisha Publishers. Valentine, J. W. (1992). Principles and practices for effective Teacher Evaluation. United States of America.

Sunanda Roy

CLEARING MISCONCEPTIONS ABOUT COOPERATIVE LEARNINGTHROUGH PERSONAL EXPERIENCES

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7650/7654

 Cooperative learning is a successful teaching strategy in which small teams, each with students of different levels of ability, use a variety of learning activities to improve their understanding of a subject. Each member of a team is responsible not only for learning what is taught but also for helping teammates learn, thus creating an atmosphere of achievement. Students work through the assignment until all group members successfully understand and complete it. The author has been using cooperative learning strategy for the last eight odd years. She has observed that although teachers in general have a positive opinion about cooperative learning they have their reservations regarding the hurdles which one may face while using cooperative learning strategy. Some of these are hurdles are due to misconception. The author through this paper tries to clear eight such misconceptions using her experiences with cooperative learning teaching strategy.
Keywords: Cooperative learning, misconceptions, teacher education.
 

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Johnson, R. T., & Johnson, D. W. (2002). An Overview of Cooperative Learning. Retrieved March 12, 2014, from http://www.digsys.upc.es/ed/.../Johnson_Overview_of_Cooperative_Learning.pdf Kagan, S. (2008). Kagan structures simply put. Retrieved April 2, 2018 from https://www.kaganonline.com/free_articles/dr_spencer_kagan/ASK38.php Roy, S. S. (2016).Cooperative learning strategy for effective teaching to pre service teachers. Unpublished PhD thesis, Savitribai Phule Pune University, India Roy, S.S.,&Vartak, L.R.(2015). Two heads are better than one. Research Journal for Humanity Science and English Language. 2 (9).2157.Retrieved April 2, 2018 from http://www.academia.edu/13012829/TWO_HEADS_ARE_BETTER_THAN_ONE Teacher to Teacher UK Limited. (2018). Benefits of Kagan Cooperative Learning. Retrieved April 4, 2018 from https://t2tuk.co.uk/StudentTeacher2.aspx The Cooperative Learner (2017). Getting started with CL. Retrieved March 29, 2017 fromhttps://www.cooperativelearner.com/cooperative-learning-vs-group-work.html Thousand, J., Villa, A., &Nevin, A. (1994). Creativity and Collaborative Learning. Baltimore: Brookes Press.

Sabiha More

TEACHING VALUES: A STUDY OF UNDERSTANDING OF VALUES OF STUDENT TEACHERS

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7655/7660

 The most important element in the learning environment is invisible. It is made up of the values, attitudes, and actions that our classes and we take part in every day. As the teacher, you can exemplify the values that lead to intellectual curiosity and learning, and you can foster those values in the children in your class. The ways that you interact with children can establish the classroom as a place that nurtures investigation and experiment, hard work, and appreciation for the unique abilities of each learner. The ways that you set up for children to interact also contribute to the daily creation of the learning environment. Values are intimately connected to motives. These connections are complex and ultimately personal, and therefore not completely understandable. They are connected to our sense of wants and needs, and I believe that they need not be justified to be valid. Values are the context, the cognitive and emotional matrix that is different for each human being, but which provides enough generality to have universal applications. I believe that each human being, touching another through common values, can change, and even improve the world. However, when values and value systems collide, the worst potentials of man are often realized. Let us try to find out that if values are so important and the TEACHERS are shaping the destiny of nation in the classroom then what kind of value system our student teachers have in their mind.
Key Words: Student- teachers, Values, Character, Social Obligation, Universal.
 

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Bhagia; N.M., (1986). “New Values and Education”. Human Values and Education. In Ruhela, S.P. (Ed.) New Delhi: Sterling.(p.133) Fiella, J., (1984). Values and the teaching learning process, an Integrated approach, New Frontiers in Education, 9 (4) 41 – 45. Freire, P. (1998). Teachers as cultural workers: letters to those who dare teach. Boulder, Colo., Westview Press. Guptha N.L., (2002). Human Values in Education. New Delhi: Concept Publishing. Hand Book of Value, Attitude, Interest Measurement in India. (2001), New Delhi: NCERT. Habermas, J. (1990). Moral consciousness and communicative action. (transl. C. Lenhardt& S. Nicholson) Cambridge, MASS: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press. Joshi Kireet., (1986). Syllabus of Value Oriented Education. New Delhi: NCERT. Lee, W.O., (2001). Moral perceptions on values, in J. Cairass et.al. (eds.) Values culture and Education. Kegan paul, London: Sixth Survey of Educational Research – vol.II Lovat, T. (2000). Ethics and values in schools: Philosophical and curricular considerations. In M. Leicester, C. Modgil& S. Modgil (eds.), Education, culture and values. Vol. II (pp. 99-107) London: Falmer. Shaw, Gary August (2007) 'Values, a hot topic in a changing environment’, The Journal of the Victorian Association for Environmental Education, Volume 30, Number 2. Y?ld?r?m, K. (2009). Values education experiences of Turkish class teachers: A phenomenological approach.EgitimArastirmalari-Eurasian Journal of Educational Research, 35,

Pankaj Sharma & Ravi Parkash

RURAL TOURISM IN INDIA CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7671/7681

 The paper analyze the role of rural tourism for the development of rural areas, The study analyzed how the  different types of tourist product diversifications   influence the development possibilities of studied rural areas in India. The government should sponsor private Sector to promote tourism in rural areas. For upgrading the rural tourism government requires to understand the rural location, demography, socio-culture, financial and political background of that area. How we can involve the rural citizens to improve their socio-economic condition. The objective of this paper is to present an update on rural tourism expansion & development in India. Rural tourism is rising in terms of number of visitors and the government of India should focus on it as an engine of growth.
Keywords: Rural tourism, socio-economic system, system stability, system resilience, system robustness, system integrity
 

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Bell, S. & Morse, S. (2003). Measuring Sustainability: Learning from Doing, Earthscan, London. ESPON (2003), Urban-rural relations in Europe, Second Interim Report. http://www.safariplus.co.in- Rural Tourism- A niche tourism segment in Indian tourism scene Journal Source: Understanding the Rural Markets and Exploring the Scope for Consumer Market Segmentation In Rural India by Omkumar Krishnan and Barada Panigrahi (Faculty members ICFAI business school) ICFAI journal February 2006. Rátz, T. and Puczkó, L. (2002). The impacts of tourism. An introduction. Hämeenlinna: Häme Polytechnic. Sharpley, R. and J. Sharpley (1997). Rural Tourism. London: International Thomson Business Press. Williams, J. D., Han, S. L., & Qualls, W. J. (1998). A conceptual method and study of cross-cultural business relationship. Journal of Business Research, 42(1), 135-143.

Shivani Upreti & Seema Dhawan

ATTITUDE OF PUPIL TEACHERS TOWARDS SUSTAINABILITY

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7682/7690

 Nature has made available to us a lot of resources to survive but it depends on us how to use those resources. The concept of sustainable development has evolved the term Sustainability. Sustainability builds and preserves those conditions by which humans and nature can exist in creative coordination and which will permit accomplishing the social, economic and other requirements of present and future generations. Sustainability word has been derived from the Latin word meaning ‘to hold’. We can say that it is a type of an ability or capacity of something which can maintain and sustain itself. If we say that an activity is sustainable, then that activity should be able to continue forever. It is being widely seen today that the attitude of pupil teachers is gradually changing in a developmental sense, due to adaptation of modern ways of living and altered lifestyle pattern. Here an attempt has been made to study the attitude towards sustainability of pupil teachers .The study included pupil teachers of Pauri Garhwal and Dehradun districts.
Keywords: Pupil Teachers, Sustainable Development, Attitude, Sustainability
 

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Asthana, B. (2011). Measurement and Evaluation in Psychology and Education. Agra: Agrawal Publications. Bansal, H. (2008). Modern Methods of Teacher Training. New Delhi: A. P. H. Publishing. Bawa, S.K. & Kaur, S. (2010). Manual for life style scale. National psychological corporation, Agra Best, J.W. (1977). Research in Education. New Delhi: Prentice- Hall of India Private Limited. Gupta, A. (2007). A Study of Existing Perceptions/ Understanding of Education for Sustainable Development of Indian Teachers. Prithvi, 8(4): 123-133. Mohanty, S. B. (2008). Improving University And College Teaching. New Delhi: A. P. H. Publishing.

Shah Bharti Rahul & (Mrs.) Richa Jain

A STUDY OF CIVIC VIRTUE IN ORGANISATION CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOUR IN EMPLOYEES IN MUMBAI CITY

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7691/7693

 Organisational behaviour is important for the progress of the company. The paper deals with the sides of Civic Virtue in organisation citizenship behaviour. Civic Virtue deals with policies of organisation followed by the employees. The author has discussed literature review related to Organisational Citizenship Behaviour. The research methodology adopted was basic descriptive study. The findings of the data were analysed. The paper concludes with civic virtue has impact on following the rules by the employees and is also one of the important part of OCB. 

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http://www2.hcmuaf.edu.vn/data/quoctuan/Research%20Methodology%20-%20Methods%20and%20Techniques%202004.pdf journals.univ-danubius.ro/index.php/euroeconomica/article/view/3124/3379 https://www.inflibnet.ac.in/ojs/index.php/MI/article/download/3812/3009

J. K. Khuman

PORTRAYAL OF WOMEN IN INDIAN LITERATURE

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7694/7700

 

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Cuddon, J.A. Dictionary of Literary Terms and Literary Theory, Penguin Books, 1997. pp. 76, Forbes, Geraldine. Women in colonial India, New Delhi : Chronicle Books, 2005 : 3. Tiffin, Post Colonial Studies Feminism & Post Colonialism, 102-3. Mandal Somdatta, Empowerment of Women, Literary & Cultural Representations of Women, 2004.

J. K. Khuman

MAHATMA GANDHI: A MAN OF SPIRITUALITY AND SOCIAL UPLIFTMENT

Feb-Mar,2018, Vol - 6/26, Page - 7701/7705

 

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Ved Vyas. Bhagvad Gita, chapter 13, verse 7 Meghani, Mahendra. Ardhi Sadini Vachanyatra 2, Lok-milap Trust Bhavnagar, 2004, pp. 538 Meghani, Mahendra. Ardhi Sadini Vachanyatra 2, Lok-milap Trust Bhavnagar, 2004, pp. 548