May-Jun,2016, Vol - 1/7
Imapct Factor: -
ISSN: 2454-5554
Date: 09-Jul-2016

An International Peer Reviewed

International Journal for Educational Research Studies

Ekta & Madhurendra Kumar


May-Jun,2016, Vol - 1/7, Page - 522/530

The governments both central and state have implemented a number of schemes particularly for rural development. It needs to be noted whether the goal of development has been achieved, whether the rural community is satisfied with the performance of the government, and whether people are reeling under the pressure of mal- governance. It needs to be checked what are the main factors for the mal- governance if any, and what steps should be taken at rural level to make the governance more effective, accountable and responsible. Responses to the queries can be obtained from the common people. Therefore an empirical methodology has been used in an attempt to extract the view point of the common people in respect of good governance and dignify of life. The government has schemes. In order to empirically check it a random samples have been gathered and they have been provided a close structure schedule for the purpose. Mostly respondents denied they revealed due to the dominant attitude of bureaucracy people’s participation is marginal and corruption is rampant. A weak will power and unwanted political interference are the main reason why bureaucracy has failed in achieving the developmental goals.

Key words: corruption, good governance, mal- governance, political, rural. 

Annual Report (2009). Government of India, 2009. Ashok, M. (1998). Reinventing Government for Good Governance. Indian Journal of Public Administration, vol. XLIV, No.3. Bhattacharya M. (1998). Conceptualizing Good Governance. IJPA, Vol. XLIV. Chaturvedi S.K. (2005). Facets of Good Governance. Refresher course, C.C.S. University, Meerut, U.P., 21 May-11 June. Dey Bata K. (1998). Defining Good Governance. IJPA, vol. XLIV, No.3. Dwivedi O.P. (1998). Common Good and Good Governance. IJPA, Vol. XLIV No.3. Indian Infrastructure Report (2008). Government of India. Kashyap C. Subash (ed.). (1997). Crime, Corruption and Good Governance. Minocha O.P. (1997). Good Governance: Management in Government. IJPA, vol. XXIX, No.3. Oxford Reference Dictionary, 1995. Sengupta B. (1996). India: The Problem of Governance Delhi, Konark. Sharma L.N and Sharma S. (1998). Koutilyan Indicators of Good Governance. IJPA, vol. XLIV, No.3. Times of India, Patna, August 15, 1998. Uttar Pradesh Development Report (2008) Vol. II.

Paromita Das


May-Jun,2016, Vol - 1/7, Page - 531/537

 Education is a life long process and it can be obtained through various media and methods. Technology helps us to receive education and  utilize our knowledge in the best possible way to adjust and survive in this world.  Usually the people make use of technology but are not aware of it.  It is common to the teachers and learners in a formal system and the administrators implementing such technologies.  The birth story of educational technology is not very old.   Even in the nineteenth century educational technology existed in the form of educational toys and other learning tactics.  The beginning took place in 1950 from America and Russia and now it has reached to England, Europe and India.  But to what extent the people of India, in particular, have been able to use technology is a big question.  The  present study is a noble attempt to find out the best possible information from the  websites regarding a topic  and  to realize the problems faced by the people in browsing the internet to get the authentic and quality information.

Key words:    technology, information, websites , internet , quality.

No references taken because the project is based on internet sources and the websites are already mentioned in the study in a ranking form.

Arpita Verma


May-Jun,2016, Vol - 1/7, Page - 538/549

 Background: Breastfeeding is important for reducing child mortality and morbidity. It is now established that the breast feeding practices adopted in terms of duration, frequency and exclusiveness is essential for our understanding on impact of breast feeding on complete physical, mental and psycho-social development of the child. This study was aimed to describe the breastfeeding practices in rural areas of Uttar Pradesh.

Objective: The objective of this study was to describe the breastfeeding practices, socio-cultural factors affecting the initiation of breastfeeding and alternative for breastfeeding in the district of Barabanki in Uttar Pradesh.

Methodology: The study was conducted in two villages (Hazipur &Nawabpur) of Barabanki district of Uttar Pradesh. The total sample size of the study was 169 under which mother falling in the age bracket of 15-45 years & with children below 5 years were considered. The data was collected using the pre-tested questionnaire, FGD & Case Study methods.

Findings: It was found in both the villages that a large number of women tend to give honey to infants soon after birth. The study shows that only 14.2 percent women gave first milk to the infant in both the villages. It was found that 62.9 percent of women in Hazipur and 69.4 percent of women in Nabawpur village gave honey to the infant at the time of birth; 34 percent in Hazipur and 29.2 percent in Nabawpur village of women gave cow or goat milk and 3.1 percent in Hazipur and 1.4 percent in Nabawpur village of women gave sugar syrup to the new born babies. Majority of women had given honey to the new born baby instead of breast milk (First milk of mother- Colostrums).

Keywords: Breastfeeding, colostrums, duration, initiation, rural areas



Aruldas K. Khan M.E. and Hazra A. 2010. Increasing Early and Exclusive Breastfeeding in Rural Uttar Pradesh, Journal of Family Welfare, Vol. 56, PP 43-49. Available online Dak T.M. 1991. Sociology of Health in India: Rawat Publications, New Delhi and Jaipur Jaiswal Neeraj 2008. Fertility and Health of Rural Women in Pandya Rameshwari (ed.), Women Welfare and Empowerment in India, New Century Publications, New Delhi. Kaur Malkit 1991. Maternity and Child Health : A Socio-Cultural Analysis in Dak T.M.(ed.) , Sociology of Health in India, Rawat Publications, New Delhi and Jaipur Kumar D., Singh MV, Sharma IK , Kumar D , Shukla KM , Varshney S 2015. Breast feeding practices in infants of rural Western Uttar Pradesh region of India, PP 624-631. Available online

Sabahat Aslam


May-Jun,2016, Vol - 1/7, Page - 550/557

 The present research was taken up with broad objective to study the scientific temper and academic
achievement of rural and urban secondary school students in Kashmir valley. The sample comprised
of 400 secondary school students (200 Rural and 200 Urban students). The sample for the study was
selected randomly from the different schools of Srinagar (as urban district) and Bandipora (as rural
district). The sample was selected in such a way to ensure that every unit of the population could get
equal chance to be selected in the sample. Scientific Temper Scale developed by Prof. Nadeem’s and
Showkat’s Scientific was administered for the present sample and Academic Achievement was
obtained from the previous two years performance records of the sample subjects. Result findings
suggest insignificant difference between rural and urban secondary school student`s on Scientific
Temper. The results also suggest significant mean difference between rural and urban students on
their Academic Achievement and urban student`s have higher Academic Achievement as compared to
rural secondary school students.

Aasiya Maqbool, Hafiz Mudasir, Andleep Zehta (2014) Scientific Temper of Government and Private Secondary School Students - A Comparative Study. Reports and Opinion 6(1):18-20. Agarwal A., (2002) A study of relationship of academic achievement of boys and girls with intelligence, socio-economic status, size of the family and birth order of the child. Indian Journal of Educational, vol. 5(6): 43-46. Nadeem, N. A. & Saima. (2013). Scientific Temper, Emotional Intelligence and Academic achievement of Kashmiri and Dogri Adolescent girls. Unpublished M.Phil Dissertation, Deptt. of Education, University of Kashmir. Nadeem, N. A. & Syed, Nowsheen (2013). Emotional Intelligence, Learning Styles and Academic Achievement of Adolescent Students of 10th grade. Unpublished Dissertation, Deptt. of Education. University of Kashmir. Nadeem, N.A. (2007). Education for Beginners. Dilpreet Publishing House. New Delhi Nadeem, N.A. (2010). An Introduction to Education. Full Bright Publishing Company Kadi Kadal Karanagar Srinagar. Qadir, F. (2010) Study of scientific temper and academic achievement of rural and urban adolescent girls. Unpublished M.Phil dissertation. Kashmir University, Hazratbal. Rao, D.B (1990) Comparative study of scientific attitude, scientific aptitude and achievement in biology at secondary level. Fifth survey of Educational Research vol.2 pp (1258-1259). Salvi, D.M.(1999) Inculcating scientific temper among school children through popular science books. School science, vol.xxxvii No.1 March 99,p.20. Vaidya N. (1988) Science Education, cited in M.B. Buch, Fifth Survey of Educational Research, Delhi, NCERT, Vol.I pp 354.

Surendra C Herkal


May-Jun,2016, Vol - 1/7, Page - 558/560


Editior(June2006).National Curriculum Framework 2005.Pune ; MSERT Editior(Septmber2010).Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation .Pune ;MSERT Editior(Septmber2011).Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation Part-2.Pune;MSERT Editior(Septmber2011).Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation Part-3.Pune;MSERT

  1. International Association for Teaching and Learning