JAN-FEB,2016

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22
Imapct Factor: 4.889
ISSN: 2278-8808
Date: 04-Mar-2016

An International Peer Reviewed

Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies


S. K. Panda

MATHEMATICAL ERRORS COMMITTED BY PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 0/0

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The present study was conducted to see the mathematical errors committed by primary school students. The major objective of the study was to find out the errors in addition, subtraction, multiple, division, decimal, fraction, percentage, profit and loss and rate of interest committed by the primary school students on mathematics. The sample of the present study has been selected simple randomly from the primary school students of Gautam Budh Nagar of UP. The finding of the present study revealed that more than twenty five percentage of primary school students committed mathematical errors in  addition, subtraction, multiple, division, decimal, fraction, profit and loss and rate of interest.

Key Words: Mathematical Errors, Primary Schools Students

Bangra, C. L. (2012). Teaching of Mathematics, Delhi: Shipra Publications. Chambers, P. (2008). Teaching Mathematics: Developing as a Reflective Secondary Teacher. New Delhi: Sage publication. Fatima, R. (2014). Teaching Aids in Mathematic, New Delhi: Kanishka Publishers. James, A. (2005). Teaching of Mathematics. New Delhi: Neelkamal Publication Pvt. Ltd. Miglani, R. K. & Singh, D. P. (2004). Teaching of Mathematics at Elementary Level, New Delhi: Arya Book Depot. Nickson, M. (2006). Teaching and Learning Mathematics, New York: Continuum. Siddiqui, M. H. (2005). Teaching of Mathematics, New Delhi: APH Publishing Corporation. Sidhu, K. S. (2012). The Teaching of Mathematics, New Delhi: Sterling Publishers Private Limited. Tyagi, S. K. (2004). Teaching of Arithmetic, Delhi: Commonwealth. Zevenbergen, R. et al (2005). Teaching Mathematics in Primary Schools, Australia: Allen and Unwind.

Khalid Bashir

CONQUEST OF INDIA BY BABUR

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1345/1373

The grand Mughal Empire was founded by Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur the Chaghati Turkish Mughal emperor, who according to all estimates is one of the most fascinating personalities in all history. He spent his greater part of his life outside India and though Lane-Poole says, his permanent place in history rests upon his Indian conquests. Zahir-ud-din Muhammad Babur was born on 14th February 1483 in Andijan the capital city of Ferghana now in Uzbekistan. He was the son of Umer Sheikh Mirza, the sovereign of Ferghana, by his wife Kutlug-Nigar Khanum Begum ,the daughter of Yunis Khan Mongol descended from Chaghati Khan, the second son of Changaiz Khan (Temuchign). Although Babur hailed from the Barlas tribe which was of Mongol origin, his tribe had embraced Turkic and Persian culture, converted to Islam and resided in Turkestan and Khorasan. His mother tongue was the Chaghatai language (known to Babur as Turki, “Turkic”) and he was equally at home in Persian, the lingua franca of the Timurid elite. Babur the fearless military commander entered in to the heart of India in 1526 A.D. When Ibrahim Lodhi ascended the throne in1517 A.D., the political structure in the Lodi dynasty had dissolved due to abandoned trade routes and the depleted treasury. The Deccan was a coastal trade route, but in the late fifteenth century the supply lines had collapsed. The decline and eventual failure of this specific trade route resulted in cutting off supplies from the coast to the interior, where the Lodi Empire resided. The Lodi Dynasty was not able to protect itself if warfare were to break out on the trade route roads; therefore, they didn‟t use those trade routes, thus their trade declined and so did their treasury leaving them vulnerable to internal political problems. Sultan Ibrahim Lodi the Ghazali Afghan (1489–1526 A.D), the youngest son of Sikandar, was the last Sultan of Delhi and a fearless military leader and kept out the opposition for almost a decade. He was engaged in warfare with the Afghans and the Mughals for most of his reign and died trying to keep the Lodi Dynasty from annihilation but was defeated in 1526 at the Battle of Panipat. This marked the end of the Sultanate of Delhi, and the rise of the Mughal Empire in India led by Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur.   

Anupam Saxena

VEGETAL MOTIFS IN ANCIENT INDIAN IMAGERY- WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE FROM HARAPPA TO SANCHI

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1374/1388

Nature always attracted all of us. Artists and poets being especially sensitized and absorbed by it have created beautiful forms of designs inspired by nature since the antiquity.In this research, I have tried to find out the origin of vegetal motifs. What had been the situations which triggered early artists to „recreate‟ natural forms in various mediums, forms, and techniques? Since this is anabundantarea to be taken for research, I tried to focus upon art practices within the Indian subcontinent only;right from Harappan culture which is the oldest urban civilization of the world to the age of Vedas; from the rise of Buddhism and Jainism to the mighty Mauryans, Satvahanas to the great Stupa of Sanchi. This research proves that vegetal motifs developed from simple organic forms to stylized motifs in the early phase of Indian art. May be this analytical research prepares a prolific ground for further researches that can be undertaken consecutively. Keywords- Nature, vegetal motifs, rosette,aniconic,stylization.  

Sanju Chaudhary

LINKAGES BETWEEN CYBER TERRORISM AND NATIONAL SECURITY

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1389/1397

During the history of mankind, there have been many events and dangers that threaten the security of states. Those threats caused heavy loss of life, the spread of disease, injuries, destruction of public and private property, displacement of large numbers of people and heavy economic losses. Political unrest on international and local levels, and recent technological developments, are elements that would increase the seriousness of threats against national security. 1. The concept of security has evolved gradually, especially after a major international transformation: the disintegration of Soviet Union, the end of the Cold War. Thus, it has left  behind the impact of the policy of the bipolar world, which gave a blurred image of relations  between the states, and made it ambiguous. However, it has given an opportunity to them to understand and identify new threats and emerging conflicts, in addition to many unsolved  problems. Simultaneously, globalisation has changed the international rules and norms, in order to facilitate the rapid flow of capital and technology, through the weakening of national  barriers. Non-governmental actors have come to play an essential role in international  politics, some of them a threat, and others to bridge the gap between communities and nations. In such circumstances, the role of the state began to suffer from the changes; also the accepted traditional concept of power was opposed. 2 . Today there is no issue of such concern worldwide, and arousing such a high degree of hot debate at both national and international levels, as terrorism-related issues. The threat of terrorism has never been a prominent as it seems to be at the present time. Terrorism is an old  phenomenon that has existed since the emergence of human societies. However, the threat of terrorism has increased steadily over the past 30 years. With the technological and technical  progress in various areas, the actions of terrorists have become more dangerous and destructive, as the perpetrators of such acts are becoming more elusive. There are few parts of the world that have been left out of the current waves of terrorism, which started in the late 1960s.   

Tanushree Dutta

CHANGING SOCIO CULTURAL ENVIRONMENT ALONG WITH URBAN SPRAWL IN ADDED AREAS OF KOLKATA

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1398/1405

Kolkata  is  an  ever  growing  urban  region,  situated  on  the  left  bank  of  river  Hugli in  West  Bengal.  This  most  important urban  region which is  the  capital  of  West  Bengal  extends towards  south  and  south  western  part  of  the  main urban  area.  After 1984 three suburban municipalities were added to main Kolkata i.e Jadavpur, South suburban and Garden Reach. The settlements started especially after the partition of India when West Bengal recorded an enormous population influx from East Bengal. To accommodate the sudden population increase, a large number of colonies emerged within Kolkata Corporation area. Along with the growing urban population and urbanization the change in social and cultural environment has been noticed. The present paper focuses on the various sides of change in socio cultural environment of the study area.   Key Words: Social change, urban sprawl, social structure, increasing heterogeneity    

Trinath Das, Smt. Sabita Ray & Rasmi Ranjan Puhan

CURRENT CHALLENGES AND PROMOTION OF READING HABITS OF ADULT NEO-LITERATES IN TRIBAL AREAS

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1406/1416

This study analyzes the current challenges in the tribal areas for implementing different interventions for tribal neo-literates on reading habits by govt. and different organizations. In the same time this study focuses on different ongoing challenges for promotion and proper implementation of these programmes in these areas. According to the thrust of the study three objectives were framed along with same number of research questions also many secondary sources are examined to provide justification of this topic. The main finding of the study like: The-investigator has identified some of the factors which may affect reading comprehension. They are - (i) reading attitude (ii) pupils* academic motivation (iii) test-anxiety (iv) socioeconomic status (v) dependency/independency. Also it was found that Lack of reading readiness, Lack of academic motivation are responsible factor and current challenges within the tribal new-literates for reading. This study strongly suggests that adult learners can benefit from extensive and pleasure reading and that a well equipped library, easy access to books, and encouragement and time to read are all key factors in the development of reading habits. Key Words: current challenges, promotion, reading habits, neo-literate and tribal etc    

Prativa Panda

INDIAN’S LAW ON PREVENTION OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT AT WORKPLACE

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1417/1427

In India sexual harassment at workplace is one of the most common crimes against women. Equality before the law and equal protection of law between males and females is the Constitutional guaranty on the strength of which several legal provisions are present in the Indian Penal Code (IPC). Some special legislation has also been enacted from time to time for the prevention and control of sexual exploitation of women. Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013 is one of them. The Act explains what all can tantamount to sexual harassment and how workplaces need to be proactive ensuring the rights of a woman. This paper is an attempt to explain lucidly the periphery of the Act and how organizations to should act upon in protecting and preserving the dignity of a woman. Keywords:  sexual Harassment, sexual harassment at workplace, act on sexual harassment, sexual harassment act India    

Pardeep Singh Dehal

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY CAREER PREFERENCE AND VERBAL INTELLIGENCE AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1428/1433

An individual selects a vocation for himself. Choosing a vocation is an inevitable event of modern social life. The present study aimed at studying the relationship of career preferences and verbal intelligence of senior secondary school students. To serve this purpose, a sample of 304 class XII students was drawn from five senior secondary schools situated in District Sirmour of Himachal Pradesh. General Mental Ability Test by Jalota and Career Preference Record by Bhargava and Bhargava were administered to total sample of 304 students.   

Sarita, Ms. Kavita & Ms. Sonam

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ANXIETY LEVEL AMONG UNDERGRADUATE & POSTGRADUATE ART STREAM STUDENTS

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1434/1440

The purpose of the study was to reveal the anxiety among undergraduate and postgraduate art stream students. This was an empirical research with a sample of 100 students studying in four colleges belonging to undergraduate art stream and postgraduate art stream selected randomly from Rewari city of Haryana. The study was conducted through descriptive survey method.  Anxiety of the college students was assessed by using Comprehensive Anxiety Scale by Sinha & Sinha,(2011). Statistical technique: t- test was applied to find out the significance of difference between means. The results indicated there was no significant difference in anxiety between undergraduate and postgraduate students. The results also indicated that there was no significant difference in the anxiety of rural undergraduate and urban undergraduate students. There is no significant difference in the anxiety of rural postgraduate and urban postgraduate students.   Key words:  Anxiety, Undergraduate students, Postgraduate students  

D. Anushiya Devi

ANNULMENT IN THE NOVEL CUSTODY BY MANU KAPUR

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1441/1446

Manju Kapur is eminent writer of 20century. Custody (2011), her fifth novel is exceptional and it is largely set in the thriving, upper-middle-class colonies of Delhi in the mid -90s, against the backdrop of the initial surge of foreign investment in India. It is a story of custody of children and the Indian Judicial system.  Kapur encapsulates the lives of opulent, metropolitan middle – class Indians with their perturbing confidential matters, deteriorated relationships, their hankering for wealth, self determination and tranquility. Kapur evaluate the destitution of modern life as the story  encircle around Raman and Shagun who are couple along with fascinating Ashok Khanna, Raman’s boss and Ishitha, divorcee who suffers with infertility. The novel presents the plight of wedlock, which is unimaginable. Custody consist the plot of metropolitan upper middle class family lives, which notwithstanding being wealthy are bankrupt in values and significance. Kapur utilizes the establishment of marriage in the Custody, explains the story of two wretched families by divorce. A sequence of altercation follows along with disagreements, intense Conversation reveals the wicked side of divorce. It explains how the main protagonist, Shagun looses healthy family life, husband and children by her extravagance. In spite of all hers trials she gets nothing except distress. Key Words: Suffocation, extravagance, separation, divorce, remarriage, possessiveness, custody, distress, disintegration, Family.   

Priyanjana Guha & Jayshree Das

AN ENQUIRY ON UNEVEN DEVELOPMENT OF RAJPUR-SONARPUR MUNICIPALITY, SOUTH 24 PARGANAS DISTRICT, WEST BENGAL (WITH FOUR WARDS UNDER FOCUS)

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1447/1456

Regional Planning is an important branch of Geography and it includes a sequence of actions which are designed to solve problems in future. The diverse arena under the purview of planning offers the geographers with endless research motives and options, urban development being one of them. Imposition of urban functions causes sprawl of the city engulfing rural settlements- the crux of urban regional development. In this process of city growth, fringe area development is a focal point of research for the planners. Rajpur-Sonarpur is designated as a peri-urban fringe location with a character contrast of dominating urban influences and persisting rural attributes leading to growth variations. Here an attempt has been made to analyze the glaring disparities of Rajpur-Sonarpur municipality (selected ward wise study) in terms of development parameters. This is a humble step to identify and evaluate the pressing threats and opportunities in order to remedy lopsided development. Keywords-  urbanization, sprawl, fringe area, disparity, development.   

Neeru Sharma & Tanveer Kaur

EFFECT OF DIAGNOSTIC REMEDIAL TEACHING PROGRAMME ON CONCEPT UNDERSTANDING IN CELL BIOLOGY

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1457/1467

Some foundational Concepts in Cell Biology continue to cause cognitive conflict among students and cause learning difficulties among them. Investigations into students\' understanding in Cell Biology concepts indicate that students of varying ages possess misconceptions in Cell Biology. To promote effective and meaningful learning, there is a need to identify the causes of such misconceptions and find ways to rectify them or prevent them from occurring. The present study was undertaken to identify the students’ misconceptions in Cell Biology through the Two - Tier Diagnostic test. The sample comprised of 191 students’ of class IX selected from secondary schools of Phagwara city. On the basis of this test 14 students’ misconceptions were identified in the various sub-concepts of Cell Biology. Keywords: Cell biology, Misconceptions, Two – tier Diagnostic Test  

Gitanjali Maruti Borude & Madhuri Ludbe

MADHYAMIK STARATIL VIDHYARTHYANCHYA TANTANAV KARKANCHA ABHYAS

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1468/1472

 

Pramod Atmaram Ahire

RASHTRIY UCCHASTAR SHIKSHA ABHIYANATARGAT SAMUDAY MAHAVIDHYALAYE EK AVHAN

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1473/1477

 

Sumana Paul

EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY FOR INCLUSIVE CLASSROOM

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1494/1503

 The quality of education given to students who are in need of special education is gaining importance day by day. For this reason, new education centers are being founded, new studies are being conducted and adapted in public life. Inclusive education is a part of these studies. Equality of opportunity and normalization is the basic philosophy of inclusion. “Inclusive education - according to UNESCO means that the school provides good education to all pupils irrespective of their varying abilities. All children will be treated with respect and ensured equal opportunities to learn together. Inclusive education is an on-going process. Teachers must work actively and deliberately to reach its goals” (UNESCO, 2007). Inclusive education refers to an academic system that allows special education students to become included in mainstream classes alongside their peers. Inclusion classrooms can benefit many special-needs children

Nikhila Bhagwat & Ms. Pradnya Abhyankar

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT AND INDIAN HIGHER EDUCATION: A CONSTRUCTIVE ALLIANCE

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1504/1513

 Sustainable development has become an important concept for a viable future of the world. India’s ever increasing population and the rapidly changing urban lifestyle, are posing critical environmental and social problems. Sustainable development at its core tries to balance different and frequently competing needs against an awareness of the environmental, social and economic limitations that a society faces. Sustainable development policies highlight the role of higher education in attaining its goals. All the stakeholders of higher education could play a vital function for promoting environment and social sustainability and help meet the needs of its existing members and also support the ability of future generations to keep the society healthy. The ‘Sustainable Development Goals’ called SDGs, clearly associate development to sustainability and also recognises the contribution of higher education in meeting global sustainable development challenges and promoting sustainability. The present paper examines the concept of sustainability and discusses the role of higher education system in promoting environmental and social sustainability for a wholesome development of the country.
Key Words: Sustainable Development, Higher Education, Environmental Sustainability, Social Sustainability

Mukesh Kumar Ray & Riva Kumari

RIGHT TO INFORMATION IN INDIA: A DEVELOPING JURISPRUDENCE OF CONSUMERISM

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1514/1522

The scenario of society is governed in this time by globalization, socialization and some other things. It provides the first hand so many helps and support to colourful life and the other hands so many difficulties or complications about market or consumer. My work is closely related to new innovation about Indian consumer and Indian citizens.In this paper an attempt has been to develop the new concept of consumer protection and consumerism in India with the help of concepts or with the help of Interpretationof the consumerism. Keywords:Consumer Protection, Consumerism, Right to Safety, Right to Information Consumer of Services, Consumer Education, Redressal. 

Ranita Ghosh &Tanu Saha

A TRANSFORMATION OF CITY BUS TRANSPORT OF KOLKATA (WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO SELECTED ROUTE FROM GARIA TO HAORA)

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1523/1532

Buses contribute as the most important mode of public transport in all cities. Rapid urbanization has generated corresponding increase in the sharp rise in ownership of vehicles in Kolkata. In 2005 ministry of urban development, Govt. of India launched the Jawaharlal Nehru national urban renewal mission (JNNURM). This paper focuses on this transformation.For the purpose of study selected routes of buses are taken between Haora to Garia. The main objectives of this study is to analyse: Present condition of bus transport, the impact of ban of 15 years old bus, the impact of JNNURM bus, the perception of bus owners, the perception of passengers, the perception of labourers. Keywords: JNNURM, Public Transport, Urbanisation, Transformation 

Seema Gosher

A STUDY ON LEARNER’S SATISFACTION LEVEL IN HIGHER EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTES: A STUDY OF UNDERGRADUATECOMMERCE COLLEGES OF MUMBAI UNIVERSITYWITH REFERENCE TO WESTERN MUMBAI ZONE

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1533/1542

The measurement of Learner’s satisfaction can be useful to higher education institutions, to help them to pin point their strengths and identify areas for improvement. The purpose of this study measures the learners satisfaction level in undergraduates colleges of Mumbai university with reference to Mumbai western zone By adopting simple random sampling technique and convenience technique samples of 200 respondents have been taken from western Mumbai zone by using well-structured questionnaire and the data was analyzed by using various statistical techniques and tools such as percentage and frequency . Key words: - Higher EducationalInstitutes,learners’ Satisfaction, 

Jayashree S. Nair

MAUNA: THE MOST ELOQUENT EXPRESSION

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1543/1545

Significance of Mauna/Silence seems to be slowly acknowledged and recognised in corporate sector all over the world. If importance and utility of Mauna and meditation are impressed upon society at large, corporate sector would be fulfilling its corporate social responsibility (CSR) most effectively. Mauna can be the most important lever in bringing out the socio- economic development as it can interconnect people, bring stability in one’s life, sharpens the capacity of concentration and improves listening skills. With the improvement in listening skills, there is good understanding between employers and employees resulting in increased productivity, there is personal growth, energy is conserved and communication anxiety is reduced. So if the seeds of Mauna are sown by the corporate sector as CSR in small villages, schools, neighborhood etc. then there could be increase in confidence level which can result in socio-economic development. This paper attempts to put forth a few simple ways of teaching the practise of Mauna.
Keywords: Mauna, Meditation, Listening skills, Practise 

Sharad S. Phulari

GROWTH OF PARENT, INTERVARIETAL AND INTERSPECIES CROSSES OF CAPSICUM ANNUUM AND CAPSICUM FRUTESCENS

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1546/1555

Success of hybridization is more in intervarietal crosses than interspecific crosses. In interspecific crosses of Capsicum annuum and C. frutescens, C. annuum was found unsuitable as female parent. In general heterotic effect in plant height was observed in hybrids of Capsicum. Hybrids of F5 generation showed significant increase in leaf area over mean of two parents and higher leaf area parent, while decrease in leaf area over higher parental value has been shown by hybrids of F5 generation. Hybrids of F5 generation have shown earlier flowering than mean days for flowering of two parents of each hybrid. However, hybrids of F4 generation showed delay in flowering over mid parental and early parental value. All hybrids of F5 generation under study bear more number of fruits respective and higher parent (except in Lavangi x Deonur Byadagi). Mean value of fruit number per plant was higher in Lavangi x Deonur Byadagi as compared to all other hybrids which may be attributed to a great natural potential of C. frutescense, one of the parents for high fruit number. In crosses of F4 generation fruit number per plant was decreased over higher parental values. 

Sharad S. Phulari

YIELD CHARACTERS OF PARENT, INTERVARIETAL AND INTERSPECIES CROSSES OF CAPSICUM ANNUUM AND CAPSICUM FRUTESCENS.

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 156/1565

All hybrids of F5 generation under study bear more number of fruits respective and higher parent (except in Lavangi x Deonur Byadagi). Mean value of fruit number per plant was higher in Lavangi x Deonur Byadagi as compared to all other hybrids which may be attributed to a great natural potential of C. frutescense, one of the parents for high fruit number. In crosses of F4 generation fruit number per plant was decreased over higher parental values. Fruit length found increased in all hybrids under study over mean of their respective parents. The intervarietal and interspecific crosses of F5 generation showed increases in fresh weight of fruits per plant over mid and higher parental value. However, crosses of F4 generation showed decrease in fresh weight of fruits per plant over higher parental values. It is concluded that the improvement in respect of fruit quality through means of fruit number per plant, fruit length, fresh weight of fruit per plant, Sudried fruit weight per plant (yield) and seed weight per 100 g dry fruits in Capsicum species is achieved by pedigree breeding method. 

Sharad S. Phulari

FRUIT ANALYSIS AND DISEASE RESISTANCE ANALYSIS OF INTERVARIETAL AND INTERSPECIES CROSSES OF CAPSICUM ANNUUM AND CAPSICUM FRUTESCENS OVER PARENTS.

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1566/1576

In interspecies crosses of Capsicum annuum and C. frutscens, C. annuum was found unsuitable as female parent. Success of hybridization is more in intervarietal crosses than interspecies crosses. Capsicum and vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) constituents of chillie increased over mid parent value in hybrids of Capsicum species under study. No consistency in capsaicin content was found in hybrids and their parents. In general, hybrids showed more resistance to leaf curl than the parental varieties, except in Black short x Deonur Byadagi of F4 generation. It is observed that the improvement in respect of fruit quality and disease resistance potentiality to leaf curl in Capsicum species is achieved by pedigree breeding method. 

Anand. S. Bhatt & Mr. Sunil. H. Rawale

CO-RELATION OF HEIGHT EXPLOSIVE POWER AND STRENGTH ENDURANCE ON KABADDI PLAYING ABILITY

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1577/1580

The main purpose of the study was to find out the relationship between height, explosive power and strength endurance on kabaddi playing ability of male kabaddi players. To achieve the purpose of the study, fifteen club kabaddi players who participated in the Raigad district federation tournament were selected as subjects at random. For the study playing abilithy was selected as depended variable for the study. And also the following variables such as height, was measured by using stadiometer explosive power by sergeant jump and strength endurance by sit ups. The selected performance related variable such as playing ability was measured with the help of three judges .The persons products moment correlation was used to find out the relationship between the select6ed independent variables and playing ability of Raigad district federation players. The results of the study showed that there is a significant relationship at .05 level of selected height, explosive power and strength endurance. Key words : explosive power, Strength endurance, sergeant jump 

Ronak Pol

OPPORTUNITIES IN INDIA FOR CHINESE COMPANIES BASED ON HISTORICAL TRADE DATA

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1581/1590

This article focuses on the historical trade data between India and China sorting the data down to 8 digit HS code, Identifying sectors where trade inflow has been the maximum for the past 5 years, going on to identify the sectors where there are possibilities for Chinese Investment in India, these sectors are then further explored based on the current economic scenario and expectation on future growth paths. The data used in the study is the annualized trade data published by government of India and the sectors identified for investment are Power Generation and Transmission, Solar Equipment Manufacturing and Textile and Textile Machinery. Keywords: India China Trade, Investment opportunities in India, Power Generation, Solar, Textile. 

Simarjeet Makkar

EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND WORKPLACE BEHAVIOR: THE MEDIATING EFFECT OF GENDER

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1591/1609

In the present research, the effort has been made to study the difference between the gender for relation and impact of Emotional intelligence on Workplace behavior in the banking sector in Mumbai. For this purpose, 4 banks were taken- 2public sector banks (PNB, Canara) and 2 private sector banks (ICICI, Axis) as sample covering Mumbai. Goleman’s emotional intelligence framework 1995 was used for data collection from employees of above said leading banks. Different attributes of emotional intelligence were taken into consideration to analyze its relationship with workplace behavior. SPSS 20 was used for data analysis. Personal Information Sheet was used to obtain the demographic information of the gender. The empirical analysis revealed that there is a difference of the impact of emotional intelligence on workplace behavior between males and females working in banks. An analysis conducted derives meaningful conclusion for furthermore of research. Keywords: Emotional Intelligence, Workplace behavior, Banks, Males, Females 

Vinita Bharat Manek

MUTUAL FUND PERFORMANCE –A STUDY ON THE EFFECT OF PORTFOLIO TURNOVER ON MUTUAL FUND PERFORMANCE IN THE INDIAN FINANCIAL MARKET

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1610/1619

Background: In India, mutual funds are gaining popularity however they account for less than 5% of the GDP in India. Mutual fund companies are trying to penetrate the market further with constant restructuring of models in an attempt to increase efficiency and investor satisfaction. It is, thus, important to study the effect of management style on the fund performance. It would be useful for fund investors to evaluate managers based on a known characteristic that would affect the fund return.
Purpose: The aim of this research paper is to investigate the significance of portfolio turnover on mutual fund return which would provide an indication to investors on how to invest in funds based on management style.
Data: In this research paper, only open ended diversified growth oriented equity funds are taken into consideration. Accordingly, dividend paying equity schemes are not considered.
Result: Portfolio turnover has a statistically significant effect on scheme returns. It is weakly but positively correlated. That is, with higher portfolio turnover, there is a possibility that manager will be able to outperform the index. 

Nivedita & AnjuRani

A STUDY OF HUMAN RIGHTS AWARENESS AMONG B.A. AND B.ED. STUDENTS OF SIRSA DISTRICT

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1620/1629

“Give to every human being every right that you claim for yourself". Robert G. Ingersoll
These words are reflecting the need and significance of human rights for an individual himself / herself and as his duty for the rights of other human beings around. So it\\\'s not only our duty to be aware about our own right, but we should also take it as our duty to preserve the right of others by making them aware of it. Human rights have been a very burning issue around the globe from last few years. With time being need was felt for the protection of human rights,and for the accomplishment of the same various steps were taken and human rights were declared legal. The present paper throws light on the human rights, theirnature, need and awareness among the B.A. and B.Ed. students. Keywords: Human Rights, Education 

Preeti Kaushal

SEIZING THE INDIGENOUS DIVIDEND – MAKE IN INDIA

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1630/1633

 

Preeti Kaushal

BOOK REVIEW THE 86 PERCENT SOLUTION: HOW TO SUCCEED IN THE BIGGEST MARKET OPPORTUNITY OF THE 21ST CENTURY

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1634/1636

 

Mr. Gurpinder Singh

ATTITUDE OF STUDENTS TOWARDS CONTINUOUS AND COMPREHENSIVE EVALUATION

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1637/1641

Indian Education System experienced a number of innovations before and after independence. Our educational system has improved from time to time according to social needs and requirements and become one among major manpower exporting countries of the world; yet it remains a knowledge-taking country rather than a knowledge-creating country. Today we are in a Global village, where world-class educated people take maximum material advantage. If we want to sustain the process of development in all its aspects and dimensions, we have to swim with the global current. For that we have to follow the footprints of highly developed educational system(s) of the world. That doesn’t mean we have to overthrow the existing educational system as a whole, instead we should incorporate the necessary changes in the existing system 

Sakshi Vij

FINANCIAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT OF APEX COOPERATIVE BANKS IN INDIA: A CASE STUDY

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1642/1654

 Co-operative banking, includes retail banking, as carried out by credit unions, mutual savings and
loan associations, building societies and co-operatives, as well as commercial banking services
provided by manual organizations (such as co-operative federations) to co-operative businesses. The
Apex co-operative banks at the state level, Central Co-operative banks at the district level and
primary agricultural credit co-operative at the village level, are providing short term and long term
finance for the development and growth of the nation. The structure of co-operative credit rests on the
three tier system. The Central Co-operative Banks at the district level serving as a link between the
Apex co-operative banks and primary agricultural credit co-operative banks. To supplement data
contained in the annual reports, personal discussions were also held with the officials of the bank
mainly to go deeper in the study and also to clarify certain points which emerged out of the study. In
the present study, an effort has been made to review the analysis of financial resource management of
central co-operative banks in India viz. The Rajasthan State Co-operative Bank Limited and Gujarat
State Co-operative Bank Limited in order to improve their performance and in basic structure in
future. In this paper I have discussed about the Financial Resources Management of Apex
Cooperative Banks in India.
Keywords: Retail Banking, Commercial Banking, Financial Resources Management.

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Alexander W. and Duning R.W. : Ratio Analysis of Financial Statements. Harper and Brothers, New York, Edition 1928. Baranek William: Working Capital Management, Belmont California Workshop Publishing Company, 1998. Chandra Prasanna : Financial Management Theory and Practice, New Delhi, Tata McGraw Hill Publication Co., 2001. Dabler Donald W. and Lee Lomer: Purchasing and Materials Management, New York: MacMillan, 2002. Ernest W. Walker, “Towards a Theory of Working Capital,” The Engineering Economist, Winter 2012 Firth Michel: Management of Working Capital, New York, The McMillan Press, 2001. Foulke Roy A. : Practical Financial Statements Analysis, New York: McGraw Hill Co. Inc. 1994. Hilton, “Inventory Investment” in Applied Macro Economics, ed. By David Hathfield, 1976. J.F. Weston and E.F. Brigham, Managerial Finance, Holt , Rinehart and Winston, 4th Editon, 1972. Kamta Prasad Singh, Anil Kumar Sinha and Subhas Chandra Singh, Management of Working Capital in India, Janaki Prakashan, New Delhi, 1986. Loyd Metzler, “The Nature and Stability of Inventory Cycles,” Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. III, August 1941, pp. 113-129. Mason Perry : Cash Flow Analysis and Funds Settlement, New York : American Institute of Certified Public Accounts. N.K. Agarwal , Management of Working Capi tal , S terl ing Publication Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi, 1983. Orgler, Yair E.: Cash Management Methods and Models, Belmont : Wordsworth Publishing Company. P.G. Darling and McLovell, “Factors Influencing Investments in Inventories,” in the Brookings Quarterly Econometric N Model of the U.S., J.S. Dusenberry et al., eds. Chicago, 1965. R.N. Agarwal, Analysis of Profits, Investment and Financing Behaviour of Indian Automobile Manufacturing Industry, Ph.D. Thesis, Delhi University, 2000. S.K. Chakraborty, “Cash Working Capital Vs Balance Sheet Working Capital,” The Economic and Political Weekly, March 1974, p. M11-22. V.K. Sastry, Dividends, Investment and External Financial Behaviour of the Corporate Sector in India, Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, 2012. Annual Reports of the various selected State Co-operative Banks Tandon Committee Reports The Indian Account ing Journal Inspira-Journal of Modern Management & Entrepreneurship www.moneycontrol.com www.isor.com

Khadilkar Sujay Madhukar

ROLE OF FACULTY DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1655/1671

 

Bhushan Kumar

USES AND IMPORTANCE OF STATICTICS

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1672/1676

 

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D. D. Sharma :Marketing research "Principles, Applications & cases" Sultan chand & sons, New Delhi. K. C. Sinha Mathematics, Rastogi Publication, 2009, Meerut. Kautilya Arthshastra - Ancient India . R. S. Agarwal Mathematics, Bharti Bhawan, New Delhi R. D. Sharma • Mathematics, New Delhi. R. G. D Allen • Mathematical Analysis for Economics, Macmillan, India.

Ramarcha Prasad Pandey

CONFLICT RESOLUTION STRATEGY FOR WORKING WOMEN

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1681/1685

 When conflict is mismanaged it can harm the relationship but when handled in a respectful and positive way, conflict provides an opportunity for growth & ultimately strengthening the bonds. For successful conflict resolution everyone should face disagreements with confidence and keep your personal and professional relationships strong and separate. It is mostly said that women takes decision from their heart not their brain. They are more emotional and sentimental than men so they ever live in a conflict zone.

There are so many techniques or styles which are used in resolving the conflicts. Some of them are –

·         Start with Self

·         Solved mutually

·         Positive thinking

·         Hone Your Listening Skills

·         Compassion and Empathy

·         Be Expressive

Successful conflict resolution depends on ability to regulate stress and emotions. Emotional awareness and emotional control are the keys to understand the preferences and principles. It is necessary to be able to communicate effectively and emotionally or smooth over disagreements. Although knowing feelings may seem simple, many people ignore or try to sedate strong emotions like anger, sadness, and fear. But ability to handle conflict depends on being connected to these feelings. Strong emotions insist on finding solutions that are strictly rational, ability to face and resolve differences will be impaired. Hence present paper deals mainly with the conflict resolution strategies helpful for combating routine conflicts of working women.

Sumeer Sharma

A STUDY TO FIND THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS AND EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE OF TEACHER EDUCATORS OF COLLEGES OF EDUCATION AFFILIATED TO THE PANJABUNIVERSITY CHANDIGARH

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1686/1692

The present  study is to find out the relationship between emotional intelligenceof teacher educator with  their socio-economic status Emotional intelligence involves the ability to perceive accurately, the ability to understand emotions and emotional knowledge and the ability to regulate emotions to promote emotional and intellectual growth. A sample of 321 teacher educator teach in affiliated colleges of Panjab University, Chandigarh was selected through stratified random sampling for the present study. Statistical analysis was done through Coefficient of correlation. Standardized tools of reliability and validity were used for data collection. The result of the study revealed that emotional intelligence is significantly related to socio economic status.  So high socio economic status are more emotionally intelligent this is because they have ample resources to use, while on other hand who were belong to low socio economic status show less emotional intelligence 

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Day, C. Elliot, B. and Kington, A. (2005). “Reform, standards and teacher identity: Challenges of sustaining commitment”. Teaching and Teacher Education, Vol. 21, pp. 563-567. Goleman, D. (1998): Working with Emotional Intelligence. Bantom Publishers, New York. Hiolmes, R.A. (2007) class effects: An exploratory study of the relationshipbetween emotional intelligence and socio-economic status amongAfrican Americans. Proquest Dissertations and thesis. Jacues, E.T. (2009). The relationship between emotional intelligence and theacademic performance and selection of a major of college students TUIUniversity.Proquest dissertations and thesis. K. Gowdhaman, K. and M. BalaMurugan, (2009) Emotional Intelligence among the B.Ed teacher Trainees. Psycho-lingua, 39,2,187-190.

Mahavir Singh Chhonkar

TEACHING STRATEGIES FOR ENHANCING TEACHING SKILLS

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1693/1696

\"\"Mastery Learning is a method whereby students are not advanced to a subsequent learning objective until they demonstrate proficiency with the current one. Gardner\'s Theory of multiple intelligences states that not only do human beings have many different ways to learn and process information, but that these are independent of each other, leading to multiple intelligences as opposed to a general intelligence. This paper talks about personalized learning model and its approaches. Ultimately, just as Personalized Learning transforms student learning, it can transform the teaching profession, as opportunities will be created for teachers to design the instructional resources and provide support for teachers in schools. And in this regard, personalized learning has exciting potential for both the students and the teachers.

Keywords: Personalized learning, Teaching Profession, School Education 

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Adey, P., Fairbrother, R., Wiliam, D., Johnson, B., Jones, C. (1999) Learning Styles and Strategies London: King's College London. Rudduck, J., Brown, N., & Hendy, L. (2005) Personalized Learning: The East Sussex project London: Department for Education & Skills / CFBT. Miliband, D. (2004) Personalized Learning: Building a New Relationship with Schools North of England Education Conference, Belfast. London: DFES Fielding, M. (2004) Transformative Approaches to Student Voice: Theoretical Underpinnings, Recalcitrant Realities British Educational Research Journal, 30, 295- 311

Kulvinder Singh

CHINA-PAKISTAN RELATIONS: ALL-WEATHER STRATEGIC COOPERATIVE FRIENDSHIP

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1697/1710

China and Pakistan have shared an “all-weather friendship” for the last five decades. Beijing and Islamabad have civilian and military contacts, traded nuclear secrets, exchanged intelligence, and importantly, cooperated against Indian Territory over 5,180 square kilometers of land in Northern Kashmir and Ladakh. Lastly, the two countries collaborated on the Trans-Karakoram highway, which is often referred to as either the ninth wonder of the world or “Friendship Highway.” In 2011, they commemorated 60 years of diplomatic ties, which was also designated as the “China-Pakistan Year of Friendship”. As staunch allies and strategic partners for the past few decades, China and Pakistan have shared a friendship which has proved of great value in furtherance of their geo-political and strategic objectives.  To understand the evolution of this relationship from a correct perspective, it is important to have a brief overview of the relationship between the two countries.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Keywords; All-Weather, Geo-Strategic, Gwadar, Karakoram Highway, Nuclear, Aksai Chin, Stadium diplomacy 

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Burch, Betty B,; Cole, Allan B, (1968) ): Asian Politics System: Reading On China, Japan, India, Pakistan, Princeton, Van Nostrand Challaney, Brahma, (2006) Asian Juggernaut: The Rise Of China, India And Japan,New Delhi, Haper Collins Christensen, Thomas J, (2015): The China Challenge: Shaping the Choices of a Rising Power Do, Vang Ly, (1959): Aggressions by China, Delhi, Siddhartha Pub Fang, Tien-Sze, (2014): Asymmetrical Threat Perceptions in India-China Relations, New Delhi, O.U.P Ghani, Owais Ahmed., Alam, Mujahid., Gul, Agha Ahmad, (2013): Regional Geostrategic Challenges and Opportunities for China-Pakistan Cooperation, Islamabad, The China-Pakistan Joint Think Tank

Surushe Ankita Vasantrao & Anurag Tripathi

DATA PROTECTION, INFORMATION SECURITY SYSTEM & NETWORKS

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1711/1717

 Information technology is widely recognized as the engine that drives the Indian economy, giving industry a competitive advantage in global markets, enabling the federal government to provide better services to its citizens, and facilitating greater productivity as a nation. Organizations in the public and private sectors depend on technology-intensive information systems to successfully carry out their missions and business functions. Information systems can include diverse entities ranging from high-end supercomputers, workstations, personal computers, cellular telephones, and personal digital assistants to very specialized systems (e.g., weapons systems, telecommunications systems, industrial/process control systems, and environmental control systems). Information systems are subject to serious threats that can have adverse effects on organizational operations (i.e., missions, functions, image, or reputation), organizational assets, individuals, other organizations, and the Nation by exploiting both known and unknown vulnerabilities to compromise the confidentiality, integrity, or availability of the information being processed, stored, or transmitted by those systems. Threats to information and information systems can include purposeful attacks, environmental disruptions, and human/machine errors and result in great harm to the national and economic security interests of the India.

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Josh Benaloh and Jerry Leichter. Generalized secret sharing and monotone functions. In CRYPTO, pages 27–35,1988. Mart´?nAbadi and Phillip Rogaway. Reconciling two views of cryptography (the computational soundness of formal encryption). In IFIP International Conference on Theoretical Computer Science, Sendai, Japan,2000. Berkeley db xml. Available atwww.sleepycat.com. Michael Backes, Birgit Pfitzmann, and MichaelWaidner. A composable cryptographic library with nested operations. In Conference on Computer and Communications Security (CCS), pages 220–230, New York, NY, USA, 2003. ACMPress. RakeshAgrawal, AlexandreEvfimievski, and RamakrishnanSrikant. Information sharing across private databases. In SIGMOD Conference, pages 86–97,2003. Ross Anderson. Security Engineering: A Guide to Building Dependable Distributed Systems. Wiley Computer Publishing,2001.

Jadhav Hemantkumar Balasaheb & Piyush Pandey

A REVIEW OF MOBILE AD HOC NETWORKS FOR PROACTIVE ROUTING PROTOCOL

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1718/1727

 An ad hoc mobile network is a collection of mobile nodes that are vigorously and randomly located in such a way that the interconnections flanked by nodes are capable of changing on a continual basis. The main goal of such an ad hoc network routing protocol is truthful and well-organized route establishment between a pair of nodes so that communication may be delivered in a timely manner. In this study we examine routing protocols for ad hoc networks and evaluate these protocols based on a given set of parameters. Mobile Ad hoc Network (MANET) allows portable devices to establish communication independent of a central infrastructure. The wireless links in this network are highly error prone and can go down frequently due to mobility of nodes. Therefore, routing in MANET is a critical task due to highly dynamic environment. Efficient Routing Protocols will make MANET reliable. Mainly protocols are of three kind i.e. proactive, hybrids. But, we will discuss Proactive Protocols. Several Routing Protocols for MANET are Dynamic Source Routing (DSR), Ad hoc On-demand Distance Vector (AODV), Destination Sequence Distance Vector (DSDV) and Temporally Ordered Routing Algorithm (TORA). This paper provides an overview of these protocols by presenting their characteristics, functionality, benefits and then their comparative analysis parameters. Depending on parameters one can compare the performance of Routing Protocols. The objective is to make observation about the working and performance metrics of these protocols. Security and Power are major issues while designing Routing Protocol. Because of air as a transmission medium for wireless networks, so there must be security for data and devices are mobile, hence battery should have long life. This paper presents the survey of Proactive Routing Protocols in MANET. 
Keywords: Mobile, Ad Hoc Networks, Proactive, Routing Protocol,MANET, DSR, DSDV, AODV, TORA, communication, evaluate, portable devices, wireless, environment, benefits, performance, etc.
 

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E.M. Royer, C-K. Toh, A Review of Current Routing Protocols for Ad-Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks, IEEE Personal Communications Magazine, April 1999, pp. 46-55. N. Nikaein, H. Labiod, C. Bonnet, “DDRDistributed Dynamic Routing Algorithm for Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks”, Proceedings of the First Annual Workshop on Mobile Ad Hoc Network&Computing, MobiHOC 2000, Boston, pages 19-27, August 2000. L.M. Feeney: Taxonomy for Routing Protocols in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks”, SICS Technical Report T99/07, October 1999.

Patki Ravi Prakashrao & Piyush Pandey

PRIVACY PROTECTION WITH DATA MINING

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1728/1735

 The primary issue examined in this research is that privacy-preserving data mining (PPDM) research has produced theoretical solutions and many peer-reviewed articles claiming to solve the problem. In order to gain any real benefit from the theoretical solutions, practitioners must attempt to convert that theory into practical software- and hardware- based solutions. This article begins with a review of data mining, privacy, and privacy-preserving data mining. It then reviews and analyzes the barriers that prevent widespread adoption of privacy-preserving data mining solutions. The article concludes by presenting recommendations and ideas for future work. Our proposal has two main advantages. Firstly, as also suggested by our experimental results the perturbed data set maintains the same or very similar patterns as the original data set, as well as the correlations among attributes. While there are some noise addition techniques that maintain the statistical parameters of the data set, to the best of our knowledge this is the first comprehensive technique that preserves the patterns and thus removes the so called Data Mining Bias from the perturbed data set. Secondly, re-identification of the original records directly depends on the amount of noise added, and in general can be made arbitrarily hard, while still preserving the original patterns in the data set. The only exception to this is the case when an intruder knows enough about the record to learn the confidential class value by applying the classifier. However, this is always possible, even when the original record has not been used in the training data set. In other words, providing that enough noise is added, our technique makes the records from the training set as safe as any other previously unseen records of the same kind.
Keywords: Data Mining, Privacy Preservation, solutions, problem, software, hardware, techniques, etc.
 

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Guang Li and Yadong Wang, (2011) “A Privacy-Preserving Data Mining Method Based on Singular Value Decomposition and Independent Component Analysis”, Data Science Journal, Volume 9. B. Malin, (2005) “Protecting DNA Sequence Anonymity with Generalization Lattices”, Methods of Information in Medicine, Vol.44, No.5, pp.687-692. C. Cliftion, A. Doan, A. Elmagarmid, M. Kantarcioglu, G. Schadow and D. Suciu, J. Vaidya, (2004) “Privacy- Preserving Data Integration and Sharing”, DMKD’04, June 13. Rakesh Agrawal and RamaKrishnanSrikanth, (2000) “Privacy-Preserving Data Mining”, In Proc. of ACM SIGMOD. W. Clayton, (2003) “Ethical, Legal and Implications of Genomic Medicine”, New England Journal of Medicine, Vol.349, No.6, pp.562-569.

Kadam Sandeep Uddhavrao & Piyush Pandey

A STUDY ON ISSUES ON PRIVACY, AVAILABILITY & INTEGRITY OF DEVELOPING CYBER SAFETY CHALLENGES SMES IN DEVELOPING ECONOMICS

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1736/1740

 SMEs today continue to use networks and the Internet as vital business tools. SMEs are utilizing the opportunities offered by advances in ICTs to adopt innovative business operations, to offer user-friendly and competitive products and services, and to develop customer-centric strategies. While connectivity is indispensable for achieving business success, being connected also implies being exposed to a myriad of cyber-security challenges, such as vulnerabilities which when exploited can violate confidentiality, integrity and availability (CIA) security properties. As vulnerabilities are exploited by the numerous threats, SMEs are adversely impacted which in some cases may lead to business closure. The extent of cyber-attacks have increased in recent times and experts believe that if nothing is done about it, the severity of future attacks could be greater than what has been observed to date. The pace with which these vulnerabilities are introduced and dealt with is uncertain. This situation has necessitated the need for SMEs to have frequent vulnerability assessment. SMEs were surveyed and strategically interviewed on various cyber-security and business metrics. 
Keywords: Cyber Security, Challenges, SMES, Developing Economics, Issues, Confidentiality, Integrity & Availability, etc.
 

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Wiles, Jack & Russ Rogers, Techno Security's Guide to Managing Risks - For IT Managers, Auditors & Investigators, Elsevier, Inc., 2007. S. K. Katsikas, "Risk Management," in Computer & Information Security Handbook, Morgan-Kaufmann, Inc., 2009, pp. 605-625. I. Perfilieva, "Fuzzy Function: Theoretical and Practical Point of View," in EUSFLAT, Aix-les-Bains, France, 2011.

Sameer Sanaullakhan Pathan & Jai Shankar Tiwari

PRESENCE OF REALISM IN THE NOVELS OF ANITA DESAI

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1741/1746

 Realism as literary movement was very much present and the whole of the literary world discerned its presence. Especially prose fiction has been a potent instrument of realism. The realistic school of the mid-nineteenth century emphasized sincerity as against the liberty professed by the romantic school. The growth of science, industry and commerce also fostered the growth of realism. An accurate and detailed documentation, a deep sociological perception and an observation of the material facts of life were advocated by the realist school. Realism, as a movement, began in France in the nineteenth century. Writers of realism painted the everyday situations and conflicts that characterize real life in an accurate manner. Works featuring realism flowed uninhibited in France.
Keywords- Potential, Manifestations, Dimension, Romanticism, Psychology, Human Psyche. 
 

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R. S.Pathak, Modem Indian Novel In English, (New Delhi: Creative Books, 1999), 94 Shyam. M. Asnani, New Dimensions of Indian English Novel, (Delhi: Doaba House, 1987), 78 Jasbir Jain, Stairs to the Attic: The Novels of Anita Desai;(Jaipur:Printwell, 1987), 10 RanuUniyal, The Fiction of Margaret Drabble and Anita Desai: Women and Landscape, (New Delhi: Creative Books, 2000), 142 S. L.Paul, A Critical Study of Anita Desai’s Cry, The Peacock, (New Delhi: Harman Publishing House, 1988), 5

Sameer Arun Butala

RAIGAD DISTRICT RIVER WATER MANAGEMENT WITH THE HELP OF GEOINFORMATIC

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1747/1752

 Raigad district have heavy rainfall, also so many rivers flows. Raigad district have plate slope to the western site because of it have good water availability and with the availability Raigad district have natural seen and good Geographical landform. In monsoon season the rivers in Raigad district is always overflow. And it other season  there is a problem to water in Raigad district most of river in Raigad district are to be dry and there is need to be make river water management.  Every year in Raigad district there is a flood. Most of river is to be overflow. This overflow water is and a disaster of Raigad district, so if we convert this overflow water to the nearest dam. This overflow water can make over development of some part of area is means to make river management. 

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Kvamme,K.L. 1983.”Computer Processing Techniques for Regional Modeling of Archaeological Sire Locations,” Advances in Computer Archaeology, Raftery, A.E. 1995. 1995 “Bayesian Model Selection in Social Research,” Sociological Methodology,

Rajni Bala & Alisha Gill

DEMOCRATIC IDEAS OF DR. B. R AMBEDKAR

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1753/1760

 Democracy, from layman’s perspective is nothing but freedom, liberty. However, to understand the true meaning and importance of the concept of Democracy through the lenses of legal luminaries like Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. This research article is an attempt to analyse the views of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar on Democracy and to study its refection in Indian Constitution and judicial decisions.

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Available at, https://ambedkarism.wordpress.com/2011/03/30/ambedkar-thoughts/, accessed on 29th March 2016 Shyam Chand, Dr Ambedkar on Democracy, available at, http://www.mainstreamweekly.net/article467.html,accessed on 14th Feb. 2016 Available at,http://www.mainstreamweekly.net/article467.html,accessed on 30th March 2016 Social democracy in the words of Dr.Ambedkar means,way of life which recognizes liberty, equality andfraternity as the principles of life Supra note 3 Constitutional Features and Indian Democracy, Available at, http://hcraj.nic.in/Paper- Speech/ConstitutionDemocracy.pdf, Accessed on 15thFeb. 2016 Available at, http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/journals/AJHR/2004/15.html, accessed on 29th March 2016

Rajni Bala

GENDER SENSITIZATION AND CONDITION OF WOMEN

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1761/1772

 

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Ambedkar, Dr, B.R.(2003) Rise And Fall Of Hindu Woman, Samyak Publication. New Delhi. A.Anita and Nargis (2010) Gender in Academic setting: Role of Teachers,. The International Journal Of Innovation, Management And Technology. Kuril, Bhimrao(2010) Dr Ambedkar Ka Shiksha Mein Yogdaan, Samyak Publication. New Delhi. M. Bidisha & N. Purusottam(2013) Gender Inequality In India, North EasternHill University. Singh, Gajinder. (2012) Sikhism and women, Institute of Sikh Studies, Chandigarh. Upadhayaya, N (1990) Women In India, past and present, Allahabad, Chugh Publications. Virdi, S.L.(2003)Bharti Aurat Di Dastan Da Dastavej, Dalit Sahit Academy. Punjab

Rajni Bala & Alisha Gill

EDUCATIONAL IMPLICATIONS OF BHUDDHISM IN THE PRESENT CONTEXT

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1773/1785

 The goal of Bhuddhist education is to attain wisdom. Bhuddhist philosophy is known as the perfect ultimate wisdom. The Bhuddha taught us the main objective of our practice or cultivation was to achieve this ultimate wisdom. He further taught us that everyone has the potential to realize this state of ultimate wisdom, as it is an intrinsic part of our nature, not something one obtains externally. However, most of us have become confused, through general misconceptions and therefore, are not able to realize this potential. Therefore, if we break before this confusion, we will realize this intrinsic part of our nature. Thus Bhuddhism is an educational system aimed at regarding our own intrinsic nature. It also teaches absolute equality which steamed from Bhuddha’s recognition that all sentient begins possess this innate wisdom and nature. Therefore, there is no inherent difference among beings. Everyone is different now because we have lost our true nature and have become confused. The degree of delusion and has nothing to do with the true nature of the individual. The Bhuddha’s teachings help us to realize that innate, perfect, ultimate wisdom. With wisdom, we can then solve all our problems and turn suffering into happiness.

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Ambedkar, Dr. B.R “Buddha and His Dhamma.” The corporate body of the Buddha Educational Foundation Chin Kung, master “Buddhism as an Education.” Buddha Dharma Education Association Inc. Dhammananda, Dr. K. Sri “Buddhism as a religion” Buddha Dharma Education Association Inc. Chin Kung, Master “art of living.” Buddha Dharma Education Association Inc. Thera, Nerada “Buddhism in a nutshell.” Buddha Dharma Education Association Inc. Kabir, Humayun, “Indian Philosophy of Education” Robin Barrow “Moral philosophy for education” De, Silva, A.L “Beyond belief” Buddha Dharma Education Association Inc. MathatheraNarada “The Buddha and his teachings.” Buddha Dharma Education Association Inc. Thera, piyadasi “The Buddha his life and teachings” Buddha Dharma Education association Inc.

Rajni Bala

PEACE EDUCATION: NEED OF THE HOUR

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1786/1793

 Peace is a state of well being that is characterized by trust, compassion and justice. In this state, we can be encouraged to explore as well as celebrate our diversity, and search for the good in each other without the concern for personal pain and sacrifice. It provides a chance to look at ourselves and others as part of the human family, part of one world. .In India situation is more crucial than any country of the world. Present situation of India shows that there is chaos in India and every person is worries about survival. Now first of all Indians require education and that is too which will develop peace and harmony in India. Peace education is an essential component of quality basic education. Peace education as the process of promoting the knowledge, skills, attitudes and values needed to bring about behavior changes that will enable children, youth and adults to prevent conflict and violence both overt and structural; to resolve conflict peacefully; and to create the conditions conducive to peace, whether at an interpersonal, intergroup, national or international level. Men are born for love and friendship and not hatred and war….It is the task of education, to create in us a love for the new world of peace and fellowship.” In peace education religion can play major role because every religion of the world- Sikhism, Christianity, Buddhism, Islam, Jainism, has similar ideals of love, the same goal of benefiting humanity through spiritual practice and the same effect of making followers into better human beings. Value education is must for world peace as well as peace in India. The study of literature is important for world peace because it moulds our human behaviors and redirects our paths to the eternal truth. Thus studying literature makes the world a better place. The literature which spreads casteism, religious riots, dirt,violence, inequality, injustice, slavery should not be taught to the students. An un peaceful teacher cannot teach peace , because his behavior contradicts what he teaches. But in India there is political democracy rather than social democracy which is based upon the principles of equality, justice, freedom and fraternity. Unless political democracy is not converted into social democracy, peace and harmony in India is impossible.

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Bhattacharya, Srinibas. (1996) Foundation of Education Published by Atlantic Publishers And Distributors. New Delhi. BahujanoKaBahujanBharat,Weakly Magazine, New Delhi. Chaube, S.P.&Chaube, A(2009) Foundation of Education Published by Vikas Publishing House PVTLTD Noida(UP) Fountain, S.(1999) Peace Education In UNICEF ,United nations Children’s Fund Programme Publications Un Plaza NewYork. Mishra, Lokhnath(2009) Peace Education Framework for Teachers, Published by A.P.H. Publishing Corporation New Delhi Ruhela, S. P. (1986) Human Values and Education, Sterling Publishers Private Limited New Delhi En.wikipeadia.org/wiki/peaceeducation in unicef www.entos.com

Rajni Bala & Alisha Gill

CONTRIBUTION OF GURU ANGAD DEV JI IN THE FIELD OF EDUCATION

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1794/1803

 Education is a systematic process through which a child or an adult acquires knowledge, experience, skill and sound attitude. It makes an individual civilized, refined, cultured and educated. For a civilized and socialized society, education is the only means. Its goal is to make an individual perfect. Every society gives importance to education because it is a panacea for all evils. It is the key to solve the various problems of life. Education in the largest sense is any act or experience that has a formative effect on the mind, character or physical ability of an individual. Education is the backbone of national development. Education is one of the most effective instruments for bringing progressive change.Many great people spent their life for the betterment of human life and their education. Many people like Lord Buddha, Guru Nam Dev Ji, Guru Ravidas, Guru Kabir Ji, Mahatma Jyoti Rao Phule, his wife Mata Savitri Rao Phule, Shahuji, all the ten gurus namely:- Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Guru Angad Dev Ji, Guru Amardas Ji, Guru Ramdas Ji, Guru Arjun Dev Ji, Guru Hargobind Ji, Guru Har Rai Ji, Guru Harkrishan Ji, Guru Teg Bahadur Ji, Guru Gobind Singh Ji. Guru Angad Dev Ji was one of them.

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Kabir, Humayun (1971), “Indian Philosophy of Education” Robin Barrow (1977), “Moral philosophy for education” NCERT, (1982-92), “Fifth survey of educational research”, New Delhi. Singh, Ranbir (1982), “The Sikh Way of Life”, India publishers, New Delhi. Koul Lokesh (1995), “Methodology of Educational Research”, New Delhi, Publishing House. Singh, Sher (1998), “Philosophy of Sikhism”, SGPC, Amritsar. Duggal, K.S. “Sikh Gurus: Their Lives and Teachings.” Singh, Prithi Pal “The History of Sikh Gurus.” Neki, Jaswant Singh “Prophet of Devotion - Life and Teachings of Guru Angad Dev.” Alag, Saroop Singh (1999), “An introduction to Shri Guru Granth Sahib”, Alag- Shabad- Yug, Ludhiana.

Rajni Bala

PROSTITUTION IN INDIA

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1804/1822

 Prostitution is one of the oldest professions of the world practiced since the birth of the organized society. Prostitution is practiced in almost all the countries and every type of society. In India, the Vedas, the earliest of the known Indian literature, abound in references to prostitution as an organized and established institution. In Indian mythology there are many references of high-class prostitution in the form of celestial demigods acting as prostitutes. They are referred to as Menaka, Rambha, Urvashi, and Thilothamma. They are described as perfect embodiments and unsurpassed beauty and feminine charms. They are highly accomplished in music and dance. They entertained divinities and their guests in the court of Lord Indira, the Lord of Hindu Gods. They were also sent to test the real depth of ‘tapasya’ (penance) .Prostitution, the system that commodifies and dehumanizes the bodies and persons of women and children of both sexes for the use and profit of men, is today the object of an intense and international mainstreaming campaign that is working for the social and political acceptance of the hugely profitable industries of sex. Prostitution in India is a serious social problem and its solution has been rendered difficult by the problem of poverty. Prostitution is widely rampant in India and its main markets are in the big cities. The statistics available on the number of prostitutes operating in the country is not exact because there is so much of clandestine prostitution, in spite of such undetected prostitution the situation is horrifying. A very accurate, comprehensive picture of prostitution in India is not available since sexual exploitation and sale of women and children are mostly unreported crimes. This paper analytically reviews the history of prostitution, factors of prostitution, magnitude of the problem and the current issues and trends of prostitution in India.

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Saini, Rohini (2008) “Prostitution and Beyond: An Analysis of sex workers in India.” Sinha, Barua (2003) “History of Prostitution in India.” Legg, Stephen (2014) “Prostitution and the ends of Empire.” Mukherji, Santosh Kumar (1986) “Prostitution in India.” Kostiswaran, Prabha (2011) “Dangerous sex, invisible labor: sex work and law in India.” Raymond, Janice G. (2015) “Not a Choice, Not a Job.” Moran, Rachel (2015) “My journey through Prstitution.” Davidson, Julia O’ Connell (2013) “Prostitution, Power and Freedom.” Dalla, Rochelle L. (2011) “ GlobalPrespective on Prostitution and Sex Trafficking.” Levine, James A. (2009) “The Blue Notebook.”

Rajni Bala & Alisha Gill

BUDDHISM: RELIGION OR DHAMMA

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1823/1834

 What the Buddha contributed to mankind was to console us by helping us to realize how all our problems arise and how to face them. Praying to external forces may lead to temporary solutions and provide transient moments of peace. But it is just like taking two painkillers when you have a headache. After three hours the pain will come back because the headache is not the sickness but merely its symptom. Those who understand are in a position to remove the cause of suffering. The Buddha’s teaching gives us that understanding.

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Ambedkar, Dr. B.R “Buddha and His Dhamma.” The corporate body of the Buddha Educational Foundation Chin Kung, master “Buddhism as an Education.” Buddha Dharma Education Association Inc. Dhammananda, Dr. K. Sri “Buddhism as a religion” Buddha Dharma Education Association Inc. Chin Kung, Master “art of living.” Buddha Dharma Education Association Inc. Thera, Nerada “Buddhism in a nutshell.” Buddha Dharma Education Association Inc. Kabir, Humayun , “Indian Philosophy of Education” Robin Barrow “Moral philosophy for education” De, Silva, A.L “Beyond belief” Buddha Dharma Education Association Inc. MathatheraNarada “The Buddha and his teachings.” Buddha Dharma Education Association Inc. Thera, piyadasi “The Buddha his life and teachings” Buddha Dharma Education association Inc.

Rajni Bala

ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND ITS NEED AT DIFFERENT LEVELS

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1835/1843

 Every nation aims to reach at a state of development because of the benefit therein to be enjoyed within and outside the state. Yet, many nations are undergoing the process of development because of all that it entails for nation building and national development. Hence, this paper focused on the Importance of Environmental Education. It also discussed Environmental Education (EE) as a key to creating environmental consciousness/awareness, empowerment and participation. We need to raise good stewards of the environment to care for issues like resource depletion, environmental pollution, land degradation, and accelerating species extinctions. Conservation efforts will benefit when we can better educate children on their connection to and dependency upon nature.This paper discusses environmental education (EE) as a key to creating environmental consciousness / awareness in pupils / students in their early educational career. ‘Incomplete’ education could lead to ignorance of some important issues pertaining to global and regional concerns. The rapid societal transition with its ‘positive’ and ‘negative’ effects is enough of a scenario for the stimulation of global re-orientation of education and reduction of apathy especially in the developing world. The spiritual connection to the Earth teaches children that they are a part of nature and must take care of both their surroundings and other people.

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Asia-Pacific Forum on Science Learning and Teaching, Volume 7, Issue 2, Article 7 (Dec., 2006) Ghanta Ramesh, Rao BhaskaraRao(2006)Environmental Education: Problems and Prospects Discovery Publishing House. International Journal of Educational Planning & Administration.ISSN 2249-3093 Volume 1, Number 2 (2011), pp. 99-107 © Research India Publications. Kumar,Arvind(2010)A Text Book Of Environmental Education,A.P.H. publishing Corporation, New Delhi.

Rajni Bala & Alisha Gill

POSITION OF WOMEN IN BUDDHISM

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1844/1851

 Today, when the role of Women in Society is an issue of worldwide interest it is opportune that we should pause to look at it from a Buddhist perspective. In the recent past, a number of books have been written on the changing status of women in Hindu and Islamic societies, but with regard to women in Buddhism, ever since the distinguished Pali scholar, Miss I.B. Horner, wrote her book on Women under Primitive Buddhism, as far back as 1930, very little interest has been taken in the subject.

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The Miscellaneous Works of Hugh Boyd, with an account of his Life and Writings by L.D. Campbell (London 1800), 54-56. Boyd was sent in 1782 as an envoy to the Kandyan court by the British Governor at Madras. R. Grant Brown, Burma as I saw it 1889-1917 (London 1926). Grant, who was a member of the Indian Civil Service, was a magistrate and revenue officer in Burma for 28 years. Journal of an Embassy from the Governor General of India to the Court of Ava by John Crawfurd, 2nd ed. in 2 vols. (London 1824), I, 243. Burma Past and Present, Lt. General Albert Fytche, 2 vols. Vol. II London 1878.

Rajni Bala

WOMEN EMPOWERMENT AND HINDU LITERATURE

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1852/1858

 Women Empowerment is a social issue more than a legal issue. Change in the existing mind set of society is the need of the hour. Need of women empowerment is needed due to the demand for natural justice and as a tool for nation building. In a democratic country like ours the protection of human rights and natural justice form an integral part of the constitution. The issue of women empowerment is very complex and multidimensional. Empowering women means to create an environment where women can freely exercise their rights both within and outside home and equal partners along with men.

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Ambedkar, Dr, B.R.(2003) Rise And Fall Of Hindu Woman, Samyak Publication. New Delhi. Kuril, Bhimrao(2010) DrAmbedkarKaShiksha Mein Yogdaan, Samyak Publication. New Delhi. K, Sharma(2013) Women Empowerment, Mahamaya Publications, Gya. M. Bidisha& N. Purusottam(2013) Gender Inequality In India, North Eastern Hill University. Ramasami, Periyar E.V.(2000) Women Enslaved, Critical Quest, Delhi. Singh, Gajinder. (2012) Sikhism and women, Institute of Sikh Studies, Chandigarh. Upadhayaya, N (1990) Women In India, past and present, Allahabad, Chugh Publications. Virdi, S.L.(2003)Bharti Aurat Di Dastan Da Dastavej, Dalit Sahit Academy. Punjab.

Mr. Kanwar R. B. S Aulakh

ROLE OF FINE ARTS IN A WORLD OF CHAOS

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1859/1862

 From the earliest times humans have tried to make sense of their observations of the natural world even though they often experienced it as chaotic. Their very existence depended on reliable predictions of such events as the arrival of spring to a plant fall to harvest the coming and going of tides. The word \' chaos \'Greek meaning chasm or void refers to the formless state of matter before the cosmos was created . Most people can sense when a work of art a story a play is interesting or when a premise is new or when a personality resonates with them. Chaos was the law of nature order was the dream of man , Henry Adams. The unanticipated events are what we can call the experiences in life that every one of us should go through. Without experiences we would not gain anything to go on. Chaos adds the vibrant .With it feelings or emotions within the world end up being what makes everything and everyone unique. 

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Arnheim, Rudolf (1954) “ Art and visual perception: a psychology of the creative eye” university of california press publication Elkins, James (2001) “ why art cannot be taught: a handbook for art students” university of illinois press publications Gombrich, E.H (1950) “ the story of art” ISBN- 9780714847030 Tomory, Edith (1982) “a history of fine arts” orient blackswan publication

Mr. Kanwar R. B. S Aulakh

CONSCIOUSNESS: NEED OF AN EDUCATED SOCIETY

Jan-Feb,2016, Vol - 3/22, Page - 1863/1868

 An educated society cannot live without consciousness. The art of being in the present moving along like the fine waters sparkling under the sun. Education-science is the primary way we reality .It has shaped the minds of the students from graduate studies and beyond. If through education individuals assimilate a body of knowledge and a set of form of intellectual activity and human cultural presence in the world is actualized and their cultural awareness with humanity is achieved then a neccessary condition of an authentic and creative educational experience is the existence cultivation of a strong universal interest in human needs and social relationships . The former we call awareness the latter knowledge. These are receptive characteristics of consciousness. Wisdom is the ability to utilize awareness and knowledge in successful ways. Thus wisdom is the ultimate objective goal of education.

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Consciousness in Relation to Learning Author (s) Louise Ellison Ordahl Source : The American Journal of Pschology Vol.22 Published by :University of Illinois Press Https://www.sciencedirect.com A new educational paradigmn for the new millennium : consciousness based education. James Grant https://doi.org/10.1016-3287(98)00078-0 Education and the Conscousness of the Developing child Josette Luvmour Social concsciousness education and transformative activity Periklis Pavlidis ,Aristotle university of Thessaloniki Greece Education as a Mission of the Conscience HO Hsiu Hwang .The Humanities Bulletin Vol 4 Hong Kong https://wendyvanmieghem.com https://www.mum.edu www.san.beck.org Education for self awareness The Role of Consciousness education in Developing a Global Perspective Joseph A Braun, Jr Teaching Partnership Program in the Cheyenne Field office of the university of Wyoming in Cheyenne chaos ....references art inside chaos new routes to creativity and learning ..Elenora Bilotta ..university Della Calabria https://www.dictionary.com https://www.nationaltrust.org.uk world is chaos, creativity http://www.guggenheim.org chaos and classicism https://www.brainyquote.com art in itself is an attempt o bring order out of chaos https://www.vocabulary.com artsammich.blogspot.com sams tasty art