NOV-DEC, 2017 SRJIS

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37
Imapct Factor: 6.17
ISSN: 2278-8808
Date: 04-Jan-2018

An International Peer Reviewed

Scholarly Research Journal for Interdisciplinary Studies


B. P. Singh

A STUDY OF ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF DIFFERENT STREAMS OF B. ED. STUDENTS

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8226/8231

 This study compares the academic achievement of different streams of B.Ed. students of Bhiwani and Palwal district of Haryana. Result of first year of 400 B.Ed. students from two government colleges and two private colleges were taken randomly for analysis of data. The result of analyzed data indicates that a significant difference exists i) Between male and female B.Ed. students of different streams. ii) Between rural and urban B.Ed. students. iii) Between English medium and Hindi medium B.Ed. students. iv) There is no significant difference between government and private B.Ed. students. v) Academic achievement was not normally distributed. vi) B.Ed. students possess high academic achievement. Based on the findings, the following recommendations were made i) That parents should devote more time and attention to their children ii) Government should provide better facilities in the colleges iii) Teachers should be motivated to use new techniques, instructional strategies and professional values in government colleges iv) Urban students participate effectively in co-curricular and extra-curricular activities so more hostel facilities should be provided to rural students so that they have less impact of their family v) Bilingual medium should be used by the teacher to explain the subject.
Keywords: Academic achievement, B.Ed., Streams

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10523 

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Ali, Shoukat, Haider Zubair: Factors contributing to the students academic performance. American Journal of Educational research. 2013, 1(8), 283-289. Best, J.W. & Kahn, J.V. (1995): Research in education, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi. Hijazi, S.T. and Naqvi S.M.M. (2006): Factors affecting students performance Bangladesh e-journal of sociology. Volume 3, Number 1, January, 2006. Huitt, W.H. (2009) : A system-based synthesis of research ‘related to improving students’ academic performance. http://www. edpsycinteractive. Org/papers/improving-school achievement. Katsikas, Elias (2010): Student status and academic performance: an approach of the quality determinants of university studies in Greece. The London school of economics and political science.

Manpreet Kaur

AN IMPACT OF INFLATION AND EXCHANGE RATE ON STOCK RETURNS: EVIDENCE FROM INDIA

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8232/8239

 The study investigates the existence of relationship between Indian stock market and two macro economic variables namely, inflation and exchange rate. It covers a data period from April 2011 to March 2017. Multivariate Regression Model has been employed to investigate the relationship between BSE Sensex returns as dependent variable, and macro economic variables namely inflation (CPI) and exchange rate (USD- INR) as independent variables. Multicollinearity between independent variables has been tested by calculating Variance Inflation Factor and Tolerance statistics. Both the tests paved the way for application of multivariate regression as multicollinearity among independent variables is not found.  The Results of multivariate regression show evidence of positive significant relationship between inflation and stock returns and insignificant relationship between exchange rate and stock returns in India. The findings suggest that Indian Stock Market is driven by inflation. 
Keywords: Stock returns, Inflation, Exchange rate
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10524

 

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Adusei M (2014), “The Inflation-Stock Market Returns Nexus: Evidence from the Ghana Stock Exchange”, Journal of Economics and International Finance, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 38-46. Ali I, Rehman K, Yilmaz A K, Khan M A and Afzal H (2010), “Causal Relationship Between Macroeconomic Indicators and Stock Exchange Prices in Pakistan”, African Journal of Business Management, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 312-319. Bartov E and Bodnar G M (1994), “Firm Valuation, Earnings Expectations, and the Exchange-Rate Exposure Effect”, Journal of Finance Vol. 49, pp. 1755-1785. Bodnar G M and Gentry W M (1993), “Exchange Rate Exposure and Industry Characteristics: Evidence from Canada, Japan, and the USA”, Journal of International Money and Finance, Vol. 12, pp. 29-45. Bulmer M (1979), “Concepts in the Analysis of Qualitative Data”, The Sociological Review, Vol. 27, No. 4, pp. 651–677 Choudhry T (1998), “Inflation and Rates of Return on Stocks: Evidence from High Inflation Countries”, Discussion Paper, University of Wales Swansea, Department of Economics. Daferighe E E and Charlie S S (2012), “The impact of inflation on Stock Market Performance in Nigeria”, American Journal of Social and Management Sciences, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 76- 82 Graham F C (1996), “Inflation, Real Stock Returns, and Monetary Policy”, Applied Financial Economics, Vol. 6, pp. 29-35 Jorion P (1990), “The Exchange Rate Exposure of U.S. Multinationals,” Journal of Business, Vol. 63, pp. 331- 345.

Sachin B. Shinde & G. K. Dhokrat

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SELECTED PHYSICAL FITNESS COMPONENTS OF HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL CHILDREN BELONGING TO NON SLUM AND SLUM AREAS IN MUMBAI DISTRICT

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8240/8243

 Modern sports are becoming more and more competitive and the margin of error is decreasing from seconds to micro seconds, inches to millimeters, kilos to grams, so why this all is changing it is due to development in the sports science and with this there are lot of changes taking place and those are defiantly helping our youth to achieve greater heights day by day, for which researchers are doing studies, for studying the factors which directly or indirectly affect the performance of the athletes, for understanding one of this factor the research scholar had investigated weather environment does play any role in morphological, physical and motor fitness variable on individuals.
Many research works have been conducted related to health and physical fitness & Motor Fitness, it is known that any competitive sports performance cannot be improved however the role of physical Education and sports the improvement especially for sportsman is not known.
By understanding the Physical Education Fields requirement the researcher has selected “A Comparative Study of Selected Physical Fitness Components of Higher Secondary School Children Belonging to Non Slum and Slum Areas in Mumbai District”
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10525

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AAHPHER, (Sep, 1956), President’s conference on Fitness of American Youth, Journal of health & physical Education & recreation, 27:2.9. Barrow H.M (1977), Man & Movement: Principles of Physical Education Lea &Dwibifwe, Philadelphia, (1977), 220. Kansal .D.K (2008) “Textbook of applied measurement evaluation &sports selection” sports &spiritual science publications, 3:4 Mccloy C.H (2004), “Tests andMeasurements in Health &Physical Education”, New Delhi: Friends Publication

Sunita Arya & Parmod Kumar

A STUDY OF PARENTAL ENCOURAGEMENT AS RELATED TO RISK TAKING BEHAVIOUR OF GRADUATE STUDENTS

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8244/8249

 The study was conducted to determine the relationship between parental encouragement of graduate students in relation to their risk taking behaviour. The participants were 600 degree college students of Haryana state studying in different streams viz. Art, Science, Commerce, Pharmacy and Education. Parental encouragement scale by Kusum Agrawal & Risk Taking Questionnaire (RTQ) by V.N.Sinha & P.N.Arora were used for the study. Mean, Standard Deviation and ‘z’ test were used for compare the values among different groups. The result of the study shows that the female students were significantly differ in parental encouragement than the  male students studying at graduate level while the male and female students studying in professional and non professional courses at graduate level does not differ in parental encouragement.
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10526

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Arul Lawrence, A. S. & Barathi, C. (2016). Parental encouragement in relation to academic achievement of higher secondary school students. IJARIIE, 2(6), 1234-1239. Azmawati, M. N., Hamid, A.S.H., Azhar, S.S., Ahmad, N., Aizuddin, N.A. & Rozita, H. (2015). Risk taking behaviour among urban and rural adolescents in two selected districts in Malaysia. South African Family Practice, 57(3), 160-165, DOI: 10.1080/20786190.2014.977048. Balu, M. and Kaliamoorthy, K. (2008). A study on higher secondary students achievement in Accountancy and their parental encouragement. Journal of Educational Research & Extension, 45(1), 23-30.

Renu Kalra

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN JOB SATISFACTION AND ORGANISATIONAL COMMITMENT: A STUDY OF SELECT TEXTILE MANUFACTURING UNITS

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8250/8263

 The study seeks to investigate the relationship of employees’ job satisfaction with their organisational commitment in the context of select textile manufacturing units. The data was collected from 100 middle level employees of 8 textile manufacturing units situated in Baddi region of Himachal Pradesh. Statistical techniques ofcorrelation and, linear regressionwere used to analyse the data. The study has revealed that majority of the middle level employees working in textile manufacturing units are highly satisfied with their jobs and exhibiting strong organisational commitment towards their respective units.
Keywords: Job satisfaction, Organizational commitment, Textile units, Working conditions, Emotional bonding. 
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10527

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Awasthi, S., &Bansal, S. (2014). Role of organisational culture in determining the attributes of job attitudes: A study in public and private sector organisations. Delhi Business Review 15(2), 37-48 Azeem, S. M. (2010). Job satisfaction and organisational commitment among employees in the sultanate of Oman. Psychology (1), 295-299 Blum, M.L. (1956), Industrial Psychology and its Foundations. Harper&Brothers, New York Burries, J. R. (2007). Leadership behaviour and employee voice:Is the door really open. The Academy of Management Journal, 50 (4), 869-88 Chou, A.J.R., & Robert, R.S. (2008). Workplace support, role overload and Job satisfaction of direct care workers in assisted living. Journal of Health and Social Behaviour ,49(2), 208-222 Cohen,A. (1993). Age and tenure in relation to organizational commitment?: A meta- analysis. Basic and Applied Social Psychology,14(2), 143-159. Colakoglu, U.,&Osman, A.H. (2010). The effect of perceivedorganisational support on employees' affective outcomes: Evidence from the hotel industry. Journal of Tourism and Hospitalitymanagement ,16(2) 125-155

R. D. Ranadive

SETTLEMENT COMMISSION

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8264/8267

 https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10528

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Mrs. Anju Mehta & (Mrs.) Nimisha Beri

ACCULTURATIVE STRESS AMONG INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS IN RELATION TO GENDER, AGE AND FAMILY INCOME

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8268/8279

 In recent times, India has become one of the important centers of education for international students. Many students from different parts of world are now enrolled in Indian universities and colleges. The international students’ presence in our institutions helps to promote culture & international understanding among these students.  As the number of international students increase, so is the number of acculturative stress cases. International students not only face with problems similar to those of all university students, but they have the added pressures associated with life in a new environment, learning the new language and culture. The combination of these stresses reduces the international student\'s ability to perform. The earlier researches on acculturation suggested that an individual can regain his/her ability to function better by increasing his/her understanding of the new environment\'s language and culture. Additionally, the research indicated that if they receive information and support, international students may adjust more quickly and easily (Chae, 2014, Khan, 2016). It, therefore, becomes need of time to find methods for helping international students to deal with stress. The present study was initiated in response to the growing concern about the acculturative stress experienced by international students.   The objectives of present study were to study the level of acculturative stress among international students in relation to gender, age and family income. For this researcher developed and validated the acculturative stress scale. The acculturative stress level of international undergraduate studying in one of university of union territory Chandigarh was measured. It was found that there was significant difference in the level of acculturative stress in relation to gender and family income. There was no significant difference in the level of acculturative stress in relation to age.
Keyword: Acculturation, Acculturative stress, International students
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10529

 

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Al-Qaisy, L. (2010). Adjustment of college freshmen: the importance of gender and the place of residence. International Journal of Psychological Studies, 2(1), 142-150. Asmawati, D. Fatimah, Y. & NorBa’yah, A.K. (2012). Acculturative stress among international postgraduate students at UKM. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 59(17), 364-369. Ayoob, M., Singh, Tara.,& Jan, Maryam.(2011). Length of stay, acculturative stress, and health among Kashmiri students in central India Pakistan .Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 9, 11-15. Azizah, R. H., Abdul, R., Siti ,A. P., & Nur, S. M. (2014).Acculturative stress among International students. Journal of Economics, Business and Management, 2(4), 262-268. Berry, J. W., & Kotosovik . (1983). Acculturation: A comparative analysis of alternative forms. In R. J. Samuda, & S. L. Woods (Eds.), Perspectives in immigrant and minority education (pp. 65-78). New York: University Press of America.

Vijay Anant Kulkarni

BHARTIY NANYACHE MULYA (DENOMINATION) : EK DHAVTA AADHAVA

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8280/8287

 https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10530

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Kamal Gupta

A STUDY ON GENERALIZED HERMITE POLYNOMIALS

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8288/8292

 
In this paper, we obtain generating functions involving hyper geometric functions.  Rodrigues type formula of Hermite polynomials which is closely related to generalized Hermite polynomials of Dattoli et. al. These results provide useful extensions of the well known results of classical Hermite polynomials Hn(x).
Keywords: Generating functions, Hermite polynomials, Gould-Hopper polynomials, Rodrigues type formula,Dattoli et.al. 
AMS(MOS): Subject Classification (2000): 33 Special Functions, 33C45, 33C80
 
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10531

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Brafman,F.; Some generating functions of Laguerre and Hermite polynomials. Canad.J.Math. 9, (1957), 180-187. Dattoli,G., Chiccoli,C., Lorenzutta, S.Torre, A., and Maino, G.; Generalized Bessel Functions and Generalized Hermite polynomials, Jour. Math. Anal. Appl., 178 (1993), 509-516. Gould, H.W. and Hopper, A.T.; Operational formulas connected with two generalization of Hermite polynomials. Duke Math. J.29, (1962), 51-63. Pathan, M.A., Yasmeen and Qureshi, M.I.; Linear and bilinear generating function involving Gould-Hopper polynomials, Math. Sce. Res. J. 6 (9) (2002), 449-456. Pathan, M.A., Kazim, M.A. and Saksena, K.M.; Elements of Special Functions, P.C. Dwadash Shreni and Co. Pvt. Ltd., Aligarh (1972). Rainville, E.D.; Special Functions. Macmillan, New York; Reprinted by Chelsea Pub. Co., Bronx, New York, 1971. Saxena, R.K. and Gokhroo, D.C.; Special Functions, J.P.H., Jaipur (1987). Truesdell, C.; A Unified Theory of Special Function. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, New Jersey (1948).

Rohit Bajaj

REPRESENTATION OF ITALIAN SOCIETY IN THE WORKS OF LUIGI PIRANDELLO: AN ANALYSIS OF THE SHORT STORY THE OIL JAR

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8293/8300

 The main discussion in this paper is to show how Luigi Pirandello (1867- 1936) in The oil jar (1909) describes the different characteristics of Southern Italian agrarian society of 20th century. The protagonist of the story is a rich Italian farmer from Sicily. It is important to see physical description of the characters in the story to form an idea of the personality of the farmers. This paper reveals different aspects of the agricultural Italian society where large number of farmers is not well organized and is exposed to be exploited by rich landlords of village. The artisans are not being appreciated for their work and are under paid. Through the use of comic elements, author reflects the characteristics of materialistic Italian society.
Keywords: Agricultural Italian society, Exploitation by rich, poor Italian artisans, materialistic southern Italian society. 
 
 https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10532

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Pirandello Luigi, Novelle per un anno, Arnoldo Mondadori, Milano, 1986. Pirandello, Luigi, The oil jar, Trans. Maria Enrico, Canio Pavone Books, 2004. M.J. Moore, Sicily in the Novelle of Luigi Pirandello, Modern Humanities Research Association, The Modern Language Review, vol. 40, No.3 (Jul. 1945). Pp. 174- 179. Giacalone Giuseppe, Scrittori italiani, La Scuola, 1973, Pennsylvania State University. Starkie Walter, Luigi Pirandello 1867 – 1936, University of California press, 1967. Radcliff Umstead Douglas, The Mirror of Our Anguish: A Study of Luigi Pirandello's Narrative Writing, Associated Univ Pr (April 1978). Bertolino Barbara, Zanni Francesca, Lo scrigno del testo. Vol. 1: Analisi testuale e didattica della letteratura, Armando Editore, 2008. A. Bassanese Fiora, Understanding Luigi Pirandello, Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press, 1997.

Jyoti

ORGANISATION OF LIBRARY

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8301/8311

 The present paper highlights the needs of staff to introduce the organization of library and to understand what part his own job plays in achieving library objectives. Introduction training begins before new employee comes to work and includes the information he/she is given about the library and the job he/she is applying for. In this article we have discuss about different sections of library, planning of library building and work efficiency of library staff.
Keywords: Organizational Chart, Library Building, Strength of Staff, Staff formula in Public, Academic and Special Libraries.
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10533

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Jain, M.K. and Jain, N., 2008. Teaching-learning library and information services- a manual. Delhi: Shipra Publications. Krishan Kumar, 1987. Library administration and management. New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House. Kumar, P.S.G., 2003. Management of library and information centres. New Delhi: B.R. Publishing Corporation. UGC Guideline – Appendix 4 page no. 80-90.

Jonathan Muema Mwania

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIO-ECONOMIC CLASS AND THE LEVEL OF POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER RESULTING FROM THE 2007/2008 POST ELECTION VIOLENCE AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN KIBERA AND KAYOLE SETTLEMENTS, NAIROBI

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8312/8322

 This study sought to determine whether there was any relationship between socio-economic class and the level of posttraumatic stress disorder resulting from the post election violence among primary school children in Kenya. The target population included all the standard seven pupils in six primary schools in Kibera and Kayole settlements. A proportionate random sample of 164 pupils in each location was selected. Three instruments were used. They were: Personal Experiences During Post Election Violence, Psychological Stability Scale, and Post Traumatic Experience Psychological Scale. The results showed that there was no significant difference between pupils of different socioeconomic status in levels of PTSD. It is recommended that children from all levels of socioeconomic status require post-violence services appropriate to their age, the scope and nature of the disaster, and their immediate circumstances. They should be provided with enhanced parent-teacher communications and there be available school psychologists and counselors trained in family intervention within the school setting. These are basic requirements for successful intervention and treatment of childhood posttraumatic stress disorder. The establishment of school-based programs from early childhood onward that teach conflict resolution, emotional literacy, and anger management skills is also desirable.
Keywords: Violence, Trauma, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, socioeconomic Status, Pupils
 
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10534

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American Psychological Association (2004). Resolution on sexual orientation, parents, and children. Retrieved September 25, 2006, from http://www.apa.org/pi /lgbc/policy/parentschildren. pdf American psychological Association (APA). (2000) guide lines for psychotherapy with Lesbian, Gay, and Bi sexual Clients American Psychologist, 55, 1440-1451 Attari, A., Dashty, S., & Mahmood, M. (2008). Post-traumatic stress disorder in children witnessing a public hanging in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 12, 72-80. Buchere, P.B, Nasongo, J.W & Wamocha, L.M (2008) Philosophical Reflections and curricula Development: addressing the challenge of ethnicity and development in the post election Violence in Kenya. A paper presented during Kenya Association of Educational Administration and Management on June 15th -18th, 2008, at Bishop Stam Pastoral Center, Kakamega Kenya.

Mrs. Desai Archana. S

STUDY OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF NATUROPATHY PROGRAMME DESIGNED TO IMPART HEALTH EDUCATION FOR SECONDARY STUDENTS

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8323/8329

 In 21st Century there is variety of media and internet available to school children, at their fingertips, but at the same time health of school children is a great cause of concern. Therefore health education is an important area identified in the National Curriculum Framework. Again if the school teacher specially teaching health education subject becomes aware about health education and if necessary skills are developed among them then and then only the school teachers can transmit this knowledge and skills to the school children. Secondary school students are facing  lot of health related problems due to which they are lacking in their studies also. School going children can have little knowledge about nature oriented methods through which they can easily overcome on their health problems. Therefore an attempt was made to develop a special naturopathy programme to impart health education for secondary students and also to study its effectiveness. A 15 days special programme of health education was designed for this purpose. The students of Vitthalrao Shivarkar Secondary School, Pune  were the sample. The results revealed that the naturopathy programme developed to impart Health Education is beneficial to create awareness about improvement of mind concentration, healthy eating habits, social health, and also maintaining General Health.
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10535

 
 

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Bakharu, H.K (1996). Importance of diet. Pune: Rohan Prakashan. Swami Ramdeo (2004) Yoga Sadhana and Yoga Chikitsa Rahasya. Haridwa: Divya Prakashan. Garrette, H.E. (1961). Statistics in Psychology and Education. Bombay: Allied Pacific Private Limited. Kagane, S.E. (July 2007). Physical Education. Pune: Nirali Prakashan. Gharote, M.L. (April 1990). Applied yoga. Pune: Nirali Prakashan. Shrivastava, A.K. (2010) Health and Diet, Delhi: Sports publication.

Mrs. Shubhangi R. Khambayat

TEACHERS PERSPECTIVE ON COMMUNICATION SKILLS AMONG ENGINEERING STUDENTS

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8330/8343

 Communication skills among graduating students are seen as a key performance indicator to measure the success of any individual in the world of work in many countries in the region. Taking into account graduating students competing for job positions with a global workforce, it would be their Communication skills proficiency that would be tested to the maximum, as English is the most widely spoken languages in the world at present.  An effective communication, act as a bridge to fulfil the gap between world of study and world of work and thereby make passouts readily acceptable to the industry. The institution offering educational programs will have to integrate Communication skills as an integrated component to prepare young students for future employment (ABET, 2000). 
An attempt is made in this paper to investigate the level of communication skills among students. Teachers’ views were sought on Communication skills via a self-administered questionnaire. It assessed four core elements in Communication skills, including listening, speaking, reading and writing skills. The paper shares the outcomes of this survey. 
Keywords: Communication Skills, Education, Classroom Practices  
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10536

 

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Deepshikha Mehra, Vinita Virgandham (2013). Communication Skills for Enhanced Employability of Engineers, ISSN: 2250-138X, Available at http://www.tgpcet.com/E-journal/80%20PAPERS% 20PDF /Deepshikha %20Mehra.pdf Ihmeideh, F. M., Ahmad, A., & Al-Dababneh, K. A. (2010). Attitude toward communication skills among students' teachers' in Jordanian Public Universities. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 35, 1-11. Mansour, B. and Dean, J. (2016). Employability Skills as Perceived by Employers and University Faculty in the Fields of Human Resource Development (HRD) for Entry Level Graduate Jobs. Journal of Human Resource and Sustainability Studies, 4, 39-49. doi: 10.4236/jhrss.2016.41005.

Susan Alexander

PARALLEL PLIGHTS: ECOCIDE AND GENOCIDE IN JACK DAVIS’ “FOREST GIANT”

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8344/8349

 To understand the culture of a nation one must look from within that culture. Australian Aboriginal literature helps one to understand this basic premise of anthropology. An understanding of aboriginal literature produced in Australia helps to understand and appreciate the culture of the indigenous people while simultaneously they also reveal the changes the nation has undergone since colonization. They are not produced by outsiders or observers but by those who have lived through these experiences and the creative act of writing becomes an effort to impart an understanding and awareness of the experiences of the indigenous people.  Immigrant people have always altered the life of the autochthonous people   and a major part of Australian Aboriginal poetry deals with it. Parallel patterning of events consequential to colonization can be found in the history of every nation subjugated by invaders. Jack Davis’  “Forest Giant” is a short poem which details within its ambit the destruction of the environment or ecocide and the decline in the population of the aboriginals due to genocide. The yoking of cultural and environmental history serves to understand the complementary perspectives of aboriginal life and environmental history of the nation.
Keywords: Ecocide, genocide, environmental history, Dreamtime, animism, Nyoongar, colonization, aboriginal, logging.
 
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10537

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Berg, Rosemary Van Den. Nyoongar People of Australia. Perspectives on Racism and Multiculturalism. Leiden: Brill, 2002.Print. Barson,M., Randall,L., and Bordas,V. Land Cover Change in Australia: results of the Collaborative Bureau of Sciences-State Agencies Project on Remote Sensing of Agricultural Land Cover Change. Canberra: Bureau of Rural Sciences, 2000. Print. Broswimmer, Franz J. Ecocide: A Short History of the Mass Extinction of Species. London: Pluto, 2002. Print.

Suprava Mohanty

DEVELOPMENT OF SPIRITUAL INTELLIGENCE AND SELF-IDENTITY AMONG ADOLESCENTS: A STUDY OF GENDER DIFFERENCE

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8350/8359

 Self-identity is an important life skill of adolescents. Researchers have observed that the skill of reflecting on the experiences of life, which is related to one’s spiritual intelligence, is helpful in the development of positive self-identity. Hence, the present research was carried out to understand the development of spiritual intelligence and self-identity among adolescent boys and girls and thereby examine the mediating role of spiritual intelligence in the development of self-identity. Participants in the study were 360 college students in equal numbers from boys and girls belonging to early, middle, and late adolescent period. Four-core abilities of spiritual intelligence namely; critical existential thinking, personal meaning production, transcendental awareness, and conscious state expansion were measured. Like-wise, personal, relational, social, and collective self-identities were measured. The results showed that girls are better than boys in the development of both spiritual intelligence and positive self-identity. Further, spiritual intelligence significantly and positively predicted each of the domains of self-identity.  
Keywords: adolescents, self-identity, Spiritual intelligence, mediating process 
 
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10538

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Cheek, J. M. & Briggs, S. R.. (2013) .Aspects of Identity Questionnaire (AIQ-IV).Measurement Instrument Database for the Social Science. Retrieved from www.midss.ie Emmons, R. A. (2006). Is Spirituality Intelligence? Motivation, Cognition, and the Psychology of Ultimate Concern.International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 10(1), 3-26. Gupta, G. (2012). Spiritual intelligence and emotional intelligence in relation to self-efficacy and self-regulation among college students.International Journal of Social Sciences & Interdisciplinary Research, 1(2), 60-69. Khalajani, S. M. &Farhangi, A. (2017).Relationship between Spiritual Intelligence Components and individual Identity in Students of Foreign Languages in Tehran.International Journal of Scientific Study, 5 (4), 784-792

Shamim Chandrakant Suryavanshi

CROSS CULTURAL INTERVIEWING IN COMPARATIVE EDUCATION RESEARCH-A MEANS TO GLOBAL UNDERSTANDING

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8360/8368

 Most of the conflicts, be it at local or international level, thrive on ignorance. The root cause of these disputes could be traced down to the belief of superiority of one over the other. It is through education that one can develop global understanding by getting to know of cultures other than ours. And for this, ‘if education is to contribute to the full realization of the individual, teachers and other educators remain key actors’ (UNESCO,2015, p.54). Cross cultural comparative studies can be one route towards developing our own capacities as educators entrusted with the task of illuminating young minds in our classrooms. The present paper aims to illustrate the role of cross cultural interviewing in comparative education research toward enhancing global understanding. It will demonstrate how a meaningful partnership between interviewer and interviewee in cross national and cross-cultural research in the field of teacher education enabled not only a comparative study of pre-service teacher education in an Indian and a Chinese university but led towards achievement of the one of the goals of education; ’developing an understanding of others and their history, traditions and spiritual values (UNESCO, 1996, p. 18).
Keywords: Comparative education research, cross cultural, interviewing 
 
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10539

 

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Adamson, B (2012), International comparative studies in teaching and teacher education, Teaching and Teacher Education 28, 641- 648 Bereday, George Z. F. (1964). Comparative Method in Education. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston. Biggs, J., & Watkins, D. (2001). Insights into Teaching the Chinese Learner. In D. Watkins & J. Biggs, Teaching the Chinese Learner: Psychological and Pedagogical Perspectives (1st ed., pp. 277-301). Hong Kong: Comparative Education Research Centre (CERC) & Australian Council of Educational Research (ACER). Bray, M., Adamson, B., & Mason, M. (2014). Different Models, Different Emphasis, Different Insights. In M. Bray, B. Adamson & M. Mason, Comparative Education Research (2nd ed., pp. 417-436). Hong Kong: Comparative Education Research Centre, The University of Hong Kong, Springer.

Rajwinder Kaur

EFFECT OF CONCEPT ATTAINMENT MODEL ON ACHIEVEMENT OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN PHYSICS

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8369/8374

 Concept Attainment Model as a teaching strategy to teaching is concerned with the concept formation and concept attainment. Concept attainment is a process of finding out defining attributes of a given category. Concept Attainment Model helps to clarify ideas. This study was conducted to determine the effect of Concept Attainment Model on academic achievement of Secondary School Students in Physics by using experimental method. The sample of the study included 60 Class IX students. Purposive sampling technique was used to collect data. The students were divided into two groups (30 students in each group) i.e. experimental and control group on the basis of scores on intelligence test. The experimental group was taught through concept attainment model and the control group was taught by using traditional method (lecture method). After completion of teaching, a self-developed achievement test was administered on both the groups. For drawing out the result, t-test was used. The result showed that students exposed to concept attainment model possessed higher score than the students taught through traditional method.  
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10540

 

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Aruna, P.K. and Smitha, E.T.(2009). Effectiveness of concept attainment model of teaching on achievement in Biology. Edutracks 9(1), 43-45. Bruner,J., Goodrow, J. and Austine, G.(1967). The study of thinking .N.J.: Science Edition, Inc. Best, J.W., and Kahn, J.V.(2006). Research in education. New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd. Joyce, B., and Weil, M.(1997). Models of teaching. New Delhi: Prentice- Hall of India. Joshi, A.,and Patra, A.(1993). Impact of concept attainment model on General Mental Ability: Research Bulletin, March- June 1993, Pune, Maharashtra, S.C.E.R.T. Kalani, A.(2008). A study of effectiveness of concept attainment model over conventional method for teaching science in relation to achievement and retention. Shodh Smiksha aur Mulyankan. International Research Journal, 2(5), ISSN-0974-2832. Mehra, V.(1986). Effectiveness of concept attainment model (reception strategy) of some teaching developing some concepts of English grammar at the middle level. M.Ed. Dissertation. New Delhi: University of Delhi. Walia, J.S.(2004). Educational technology. Jalandhar City: Paul Publishers. Zacharia, R.(1989). Effect of CAM in Teaching Economics in Standard VIII. M.Ed. Dissertation. Kerala: University of Kerala. Mallick, M.K. and Thakur, M.(2012). Effect of Concept Attainment Model on Academic Achievement of Secondary School Students in Hindi. Edutracks 12(2),21-24.

R. Vasudevan & R. Babu

CONSTRUCTION AND VALIDATION OF OCCUPATIONAL STRESS SCALE – (OSS)

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8375/8384

 Stress  at  work  resulting  from  increasing  complexities  of  work  and  its  divergent  demand, has become a prominent and pervading feature of the modern organizations.  The researchers  in the area of organizational psychology and  management have used  the term  job stress to denote employees’  mental  state aroused by  a  job  situation or a  combination   of   job   situations   perceived   as   presenting   excessive   and   divergent  demands. Stress is an unavoidable phenomenon in human life. Though the type of stress may differ but almost any aspect of life can lead to stress, be it lack of friends, lack of money, unemployment or even employment. Rapid industrialization, increasing urbanization and receding support over the last few decades have contributed to rise in stress level. So the investigations have decided to construct and validate a scale to measure the Occupational stress. According to the standardization procedure the framed 30 statements were finalized to 21 statements constituting the Occupational stress scale.
Keywords: Occupational stress, Higher secondary and School teachers.
 
 

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Edward L Allen, (1957). “Techniques of attitude scale construction”, Appleton-century Crafts, Inc., Newyork. Best, John.w.,(1963). “Research in Education”, Prentice hall of India (p.t) Ltd, New Delhi. Garrett, H.E., (1973). Statistics in psychology and education”, Vakils, Feffer and simons Ltd., Bombay.

Bhagvanbhai H. Chaudhari

THE PORTRAYAL OF INDIAN BACKDROP IN RUDYARD KIPLING’S KIM: A DIASPORIC PERSPECTIVE

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8385/8392

 The diasporic literature helps us in understanding various cultures in a broader perspective. Indian Diasporic writing seems a very significant set-up linking the entire world. The Indian Diaspora has attempted to bring astonishing realities located in the Indian rural culture. The European travelers and the orientalists have revitalized the varied culture of India and enriched the English literature through their literary work. Rudyard Kipling lived in India for some years, hence was fully acquainted with the people and entire way of life in India. Kim (1901) by Rudyard Kipling, is a remarkable novel which portrays diverse religions of India, its people and culture. The novel represents a multicolored picture of India viewing its indigenous spirit. It focuses on a life of Kim, a boy of Irish descent, who is orphaned and grows up as a native Indian.  Taking into consideration the various facets of the novel, it seems that Kipling generates the realistic portrayal of Indian life. He very honestly depicts the indigenous spirit of Indian backdrop through this novel.  This beautiful land itself remains the theme of novel. 
Keywords: diasporic literature, Indian culture and landscape, people, indigenous spirit, beliefs, spirituality, beautiful land. 

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Eva Roa White -“In Search of Identity: Inner Diaspora and Psychic Healing in Rudyard Kipling’s Kim and Salman Rushdie’s Midnight’s Children” South Asian review • January 2010: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/308382584 Kipling, Rudyard. Kim Retold by Richard Shaw Illustrated by Dean Gasper Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1986, seventh impression 1995. Print. Kipling, Rudyard. Kim January 15, 2009 [EBook #2226] Kipling, Rudyard. Something of Myself. Ed. Thomas Pinney. Cambridge, NewYork, Port Chester, Melbourne, Sydney: Cambridge University Press, 1990. Print. Rushdie, Salman. Imaginary Homelands. London: Granta Books in association with Penguin Books, 1991. Print.

Bhagvanbhai H. Chaudhari

LANGUAGE, LITERATURE AND SOCIETY

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8393/8401

 The present paper examines the various perspectives of Language, Literature and Society and defines their apt relevance. The notion of language is being considered somewhat similar to life.  Likewise life, to define language adequately is rather an awkward exercise. Language is a natural human growth; to some extent mental as well as physical. It remains changing incessantly; hence the nature of language is dynamic. It always undergoes a process of development. Language is human in its characteristics since only human possess it. Though, animals possess a system of communication, but it is not developed accurately.  A child learns the language of the society which he lives in. The entire frame of culture and civilization fully depends upon language. Language is the means of communication among human beings through which human community grows and develops in this globe. The society cannot be thought of without language. It defines the approach of human behaviour. Language generates the thoughts and leads the entire frame of culture and civilization. All human beings are blessed with this precious gift.  The history of human development justifies the importance of language. It has brought the gradual development of human life from Stone Age to Modern Era.  In a literal sense, the word literature means ‘things made from letters’.  Literature is the source of human knowledge and the documentation of human experience. Literature helps to understand the world around us and preserves the morals of people.  Some of the great literary works like the Ramayana, the Mahabharata and the Bible are considered the treasure houses which provide society with the guiding principles of life. Literature and society are closely related to each other since literature is the mirror of society. Sometimes literature and society inspire and even influence to each other. The philosophical or social movements illustrated through narratives add deep insight into human knowledge. The literary works reflects the nature and spirit of particular time. While surveying history, one finds that the religious facets are incorporated in Medieval literature, whereas Renaissance reveals the advancement in the fields of art and science. Similarly, the Romantic Movement concentrated on the importance and creativity of the individual and Modernist literature represents the place of individual in an era of industrialization and the menace of nuclear annihilation.  
Keywords: Language, literature, society, dynamic, human development, communication, knowledge, culture, civilization
 
 

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Das, Sisir Kumar. A History of Indian Literature: 1800-1910 Western Impact: Indian Response. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi, 1991, rpt.2000, 2005. Print. _ _ _ . History of Indian Literature: 1911-1956 struggle for freedom: triumph and tragedy. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi, 1995, rpt.2006. Print. Dr. Nagendra Ed. Hindi Sahityaka Itihas. Noida: Mayur Paperbacks, 1st ed. 1973. Print. Iyer, N. Sharda. Musings on Indian Writing in English (Fiction). Vol- 1, 1st edition New Delhi: Sarup & Sons, 2003. Print. Naik, M. K. A History of Indian English Literature. Delhi: Sahitya Akademi, 1982. Print. Ramakrishnan, E.V. Locating Indian Culture Texts, Traditions and Translations. India: Orient Blackswan Limited, 2011.Print. Rene Wellek and Austin Warren. The Theory of Literature. London: Penguin Books, rpt.1993. Print. Satchidanandan, K. “Umashankar Joshi and the Idea of Indian Literature.” - Indian Literature. 268. qtd. in www.slideshare.net/dilipbarad/rereading-indian-literature-the- white-tiger -and- narcopolis. Vyas, K. B. Gujarati Bhasha- Udgam, Vikas ane Swaroop. Ahmedabad: University Granth Nirman Board Gujarat State, 1985. Print.

Satyavrata Panda

METACOGNITIVE AWARENESS OF COLLEGE STUDENTS: PERSPECTIVES OF AGE AND GENDER

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8402/8412

 The study examined the perspectives of age and gender on the development of metacognitive awareness of college students. Four hundred students including equal number of boys and girls in five age groups of 14 to 24 years were administered the Metacognitive Awareness Inventoryto measure their metacognitive knowledge, regulation and executive control. Each of these constructs was measured through its relevant skills. With respect to the nature of development, the results showed low, slow but consistent development of the skills across the span of 10 years of college life. The developments were also observed to follow the predicted sequence, i.e., metacognitive knowledge, followed by metacognitive regulation, and then, metacognitive control and execution. Some directions in the issue of gender difference were also observed that overall, girls are significantly better than boys in metacognitive knowledge while boys in metacognitive regulation. However, they did not show any difference in metacognitive control and execution, the supposed higher order skill of metacognitive awareness. 
Keywords: metacognitive knowledge, regulation, control and execution 
 
 
 

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Brown, A. (1987). Metacognition, executive control, self-regulation and other mysterious mechanisms.In Weinert, E. &Kluwe, R. (Eds.), Metacognition, motivation and understanding (pp. 65–116). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Cross, D. R. & Paris, S. G. (1988). Developmental and instructional analyses of children’s metacognition and reading comprehension.Journal of Educational Psychology, 80(2), 131-142. Desoete, A. &Ozsoy, G. (2009). Introduction: metacognition, more than the Lognes monster? InternationalElectronic Journal of Elementary Education, 2 (1), 1-6. Flavell, J. (1979). Metacognition and cognitive monitoring: a new area of cognitive developmental inquiry. American Psychologist, 34, 906-911. Fleming, S. M., Dolan, R. J., &Frith, C. D. (2012). Metacognition: computation, biology and function. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences, 367, 1280–1286. Harrison, G. M., &Vallin, L. M. (2017).Evaluating the Metacognitive Awareness Inventory using empirical factor-structure evidence.Metacognition and Learning, Advance online publication, 4 (6), 40-52. Hennessey, M. G. (1999). Probing the dimensions of metacognition: Implications for conceptual change teaching-learning. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, Boston, MA. Kuhn, D. & Dean, D. (2004).A bridge between cognitive psychology and educational practice.Theory into Practice, 43(4), 268-273.

G. Balaji

ROLE OF SCIENCE TEACHER IN DEVELOPING SCIENTIFIC ATTITUDE AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8413/8421

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Buch M.B. “fourth survey of Research in Education” Vol-ii, published by NCERT, New Delhi (1997) Buch M.B. Fourth survey of Research in Education”. Vol-IV published by NCERT, New Delhi (1997) Education tracks, Vol-2 No-1, (Sept 2002) Neelkamal Publication Pvt Ltd. “Indian Education Review”, Vopl-23 n (4), 1998. Mongal SK. ‘Psychological Foundation of Education’; Prakash Brothers Educational Publishers, L: udhiana, (200) Personality needs & academic achievement of secondary students-Meenakshi Mehta (2009 “Progress of education” Vol-69-70, published by VidhyarthiGrihaPrasasham, Pune, (1995). RaoBhasker D and Eider Marlow, “ Scientific Attitude” vis-vis scientific Aptitude. Discovery publishing house, New Delhi, (1996).

Deepa Jain

COMPUTER ASSISTED INSTRUCTION FOR TEACHING AND LEARNING

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8422/8429

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Elementary Educational Technology, Aggarwal, J.C., Gupta, S., Shipra Publications http:// portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1074248 http;//www.ehow.com/list_7408273_effects_teaching_learning_Primary_education.html. http://www.article.base.com/information_tecnology_articles/effectiveness of computer assisted instruction=in_reading_achie

Anshuman Sekhri & Tanveer Kaur

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN TREATMENT, INTELLIGENCE AND THEIR INTERACTION ON ACHIEVEMENT IN DIAGNOSTIC TEST OF CELL BIOLOGY

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8430/8436

 Misconceptions are considered as a big obstacle in the path of the students’ life. If misconceptions were not removed in the early stages of a student life it can cause various learning difficulties in future. To promote an effective and meaningful learning there is an urgent need to identify such misconceptions from students’ mind and to rectify them or to prevent them from occurring in future. From the various investigations and review studies it is found that students’ of different ages possess misconceptions in cell biology. The present study was undertaken to study the effect of treatment, intelligence and their interaction on achievement in cell biology by considering pre - achievement in cell biology as a covariate. To study all these necessary factors first the students’ misconceptions was identified through a Two – Tier Diagnostic test (DTCB). The sample comprised of 191 students’ of IX class selected from the secondary schools of Phagwara city. On the basis of pre-achievement test a relation between the above mentioned factors were carried out to find out the correlation between them.
Keywords: Cell biology, Diagnostic test in cell biology (DTCB), Misconceptions, Intelligence, Raven’s Standard progressive matrices (RSPM), Group Embedded Figure Test (GEFT)
 
 
 

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Atilboz, G. N. (2004). 9th grade students understanding levels and misconceptions about mitosis and meiosis. Journal of Gazi educational faculty, 24(3), 147-157. Bahar, M. (2003). Misconceptions in biology education and conceptual change strategies. Educational sciences: Theory and practice, 3(1), 55-64. Driver, R., & Easley, J. (1978). Pupils and paradigms: A review of literature related to concept development in adolescent science students. Studies in science education, 5(1), 61-84. Doi :10.1080/03057267808559857

Rajnish Agrahari

MADHYAMIK STAR PAR ADHIGAM BHAR KI VYAPKATA, SHKAMATA SANVARDHAN KI CHUNOTIYA EANV SAMBHAVNAYE

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8437/8444

 

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Pandya R. (1998). “Why do kids drop out of school?” Social welfare, June, 16-19. Pratinidhi K. A. Kurulkar, V. P.Garad G. S. and Dalal M.(1992). “ Epidemiological Aspects of school dropouts in children between 7-15 years in Rural Maharashtra” Indian Journal Pediatrics. Stearns E. and Glenne E.J. (2006). “ When and Why Drpout Leave High School” Youth & Society. Sweller, J., & Chandler, P. (1991). Evidence for cognitive load theory. Cognition and Instruction, 8, 351-362. Sweller, J., van Merrienboer, J., & Paas, F. (1998). Cognitive architecture and instructional design. Educational Psychology Review, (3), 251–296.

Archana Sharadrao Kambale & S. Y. Patil

HINGOLI JILHYATIL GRAMIN BHATIL MULINA MADHYAMIK SHIKSHANASATHI YENARYA ADACHANINCHA ABHYAS

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8445/8447

 

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Sunita Y. Patil

GRAMIN BHAGATIL MULINA MADHYAMIK SHIKSHNASATHI YENARYA ADACHANINCHA EK CHIKITSAK ABHYAS

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8448/8452

 

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Peram Sripal

A STUDY ON THE ATTITUDE OF B.ED STUDENTS TOWARDS COMPUTER EDUCATION

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8453/8460

 The major objective of this study is to know the attitude of B.Ed students towards computer education.Survey method is adopted for this study, sample was selected throughthe  stratified random sampling technique150 B.Ed students were selected as a sample. Researcher made questionnaire was administered to get the data from the sample.Based upon the data analysis and interpretation conclusion was drawn.
Keywords: Attitude, Computer education.
 
 

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Balasubramanian, N. (2000): Effective of Computer assistrd learning. The progress of Education, March, p 185-187. Best john, W 1982. Research in education, IV edition. New Delhi: Prentice hall of India Pvt. Ltd. Indian Educational Review, vol. 39, no.2, july-2003. New Delhi, NCERT. Indian Educational Abstracts, 2004, July, vol.4, New Delhi, NCERT. Kumaran.D, “A study of anxiety and attitudes of Teachers towards Computer”, Journal of Research in Educational media, Vol. IV. No.3, pp.55-64, 1997.

Sreenivasa Dasu P

A STUDY ON THE ACHIEVEMENT IN MATHEMATICS OF 9TH STANDARD STUDENTS IN SANGAREDDY, MEDAK DISTRICT

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8461/8466

 Mathematics plays an important role in growth and development of the individual and of society. The major purpose of the study is to know the patterns of achievement in mathematics. Survey method was used for this study.The researcher selected 40 students studying in 9th standard both from rural and urban schools. The tool used to collect data for the present study “Achievement -test” in mathematics. Data was analysed and interpreted. Findings were discussed and drawn conclusion.  
Keywords: Mathematics, Achievement, Secondary stage.
 
 

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KoulLokesh - “Methodology of educational research”,Vikas Publishing House PVT.Ltd -1984 Journal of india association for educational research.VOL.12 Nos.3&4 September & December,2000. Gupta O.V –“ Intelligence,creativity,Interest and Frustractions of functions of Class Achievement,Sex& age in MB-Buch.Fourth survey of research in education”NCERT,New Delhi-1983,1988. Aggarwal S.C-Educational Vocational Guidance &Counselling,Doaba house book sellers and publishers,New Delhi. AggarwalY.P-Statistical Method ,SterlingMethod,Sterling Publishers private Limited,Patna. Amarjit Singh-Is intelligence Inherited A Critical Synthesis & review of research findings NCERT –New Delhi. Best John. W & James V. Kahn “Research M. Education” New Delhi. Buch M.B.(E.D)First Survey of Research in Education” Barode center of advanced research in education.

Jaspreet Kaur

WORK-LIFE BALANCE: IT’S RELATIONSHIP WITH STRESS, MENTAL HEALTH, LIFE AND JOB SATISFACTION AMONG EMPLOYEES OF PRIVATE SECTOR BANKS OF CHANDIGARH AND ADJOINING AREAS (MOHALI AND PANCHKULA)

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8464/8490

 Mathematics plays an important role in growth and development of the individual and of society. The major purpose of the study is to know the patterns of achievement in mathematics. Survey method was used for this study.The researcher selected 40 students studying in 9th standard both from rural and urban schools. The tool used to collect data for the present study “Achievement -test” in mathematics. Data was analysed and interpreted. Findings were discussed and drawn conclusion.  
Keywords: Mathematics, Achievement, Secondary stage.
 
 
 

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Adam, G.A., King. L.A. &King., D.W. (1996,) “Relationship of job and family involvement, family social support, and work-family conflict with job and life satisfaction.” Journal of Applied Psychology, 81,411-420. Aryee, S (1992) “Antecedents and Outcomes of Work-Family Conflict among Mixed Professional Women: Evidence from Singapore”, Human Relations, Vol.45.No.8 pp.813-837. Batt, R., &Valcour, P.M. (2003). Human resources practices as predictors for work – family outcomes and employee turnover, Industrial Relations, 42(2): 189-220. Boles, JS &Babin’BJ (1996) “On the front lines: Stress, conflict, and the customer service provider”. Journal of Business Research, Vol.37, No.1.pp41-51. Brown, P. (2004). Promoting work/life balance in a ‘hurry culture’: Issues and challenges. Carlson, D.S., Grzywacz, J.G. and Zivnuska, S. (2009), “Is work-family balance more than conflict and enrichment?” Human Relations, Vol. 62 No. 10, pp. 1459-1486. Chacko,Thomas. I(1983)Job and Life Satisfactions:A causal analysis of their relationship.Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 26, No. 1, 163-169. Christen,M. Iyer,G. Soberman,D (2006) Job Satisfaction, Job Performance, and Effort: A Reexamination Using Agency Theory. Journal of Marketing: January 2006, Vol. 70, No. 1, pp. 137-150.

Chhabilata Dei

TEACHER EFFECTIVENESS: THE EMOTIONAL COMPONENTS OF STUDENT-TEACHER RELATIONSHIP

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8491/8499

 The study examined the impact of perceived teacher effectiveness on the experienced emotion of primary school children. The sample comprised of 300 college student including boys and girls from different majors. The subjects were asked to remember their primary school years to respond to the questionnaires relating to their perception of an effective and an ineffective teacher and their experienced emotion in the classes of those teachers. The results showed that perceived effective teachers have significant impact on the experience of positive and constructive emotions of primary school children. On the other hand, although ineffective teachers significantly contributed to experience negative emotions, those are less influencing than the positive impact of effective teachers. Discriminant analysis pointed to 11 emotions in which effective teachers have significant discriminant power from ineffective teachers. Regression analyses pointed out that 39% of variances for perceived effectiveness of teachers are explained by 11 emotions. Likewise, 31% of the variances for perceived ineffectiveness of teachers were explained by 9 emotions. From these findings, it is derived that addressing students’ emotion in the classroom is one of the significant factors of teacher effectiveness. Primary school student responds to positive emotions more than negative emotions. 
Keywords: Experienced emotions, perceived teacher effectiveness, discriminant analyses
 
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10585 

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Dina, F., &Efklides, A. (2009). Metacognitive experiences as the link between situational characteristics, motivation, and affect in self-regulated learning. In M. Wosnitza, S. A. Karabenick, A. Efklides, & P. Nenniger (Eds.),Contemporary motivation research: From global to local perspectives (pp. 117-146). Cambridge: Hogrefe& Huber. Frenzel, A. C., Hall, T., O., Pekrun, R., & Sutton, R. (2008). Emotional transmission in the classroom: Exploring the relationship between teacher and student enjoyment. Journal of Educational Psychology, 101, 705-716. Frenzel, A. C., Pekrun, R., & Goetz, T. (2007). Perceived learning environments and students' emotional experiences: A multilevel analysis of mathematics classrooms. Learning and Instruction, 17, 478-493.

Sampurna Guha

TYPES OF FOOD AND THE VALUE OF HEALTHY EATING ON WELL BEING: A STUDY

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8500/8505

 A strong body means physical strength which has a positive impact on our personality and translates into a feeling of holistic well being.  Man needs three basic things for survival: food, shelter and clothing. Nutrition is important. Eating a balanced diet is vital for good health and well being. Food provides our body with energy, protein, essential fats, vitamins and minerals. These in turn help us to grow, live and function properly. Health is wealth goes a popular saying. We need a variety of food to provide the right amount of nutrients for gaining good physical and mental health (NHMRC).  Food is the source of all our bodily functions and directly affects our body and mind functions in every stage of life. Healthy food helps in disease prevention, maintenance of healthy weight, provides energy and impacts our quality of life (Sushant, 2015). The purpose of the present study is to understand the importance of good values of eating such as good eating habits, avoidance of junk food, maintenance of personal and environmental cleanliness, regular exercise and safety and their direct impact on personality development and overall well being. A detailed study was done of various secondary sources of data available on importance of food and its impact on overall well being, including a study of the Bhagwat Gita, which mentions various types of food desired by individuals according to their inherent tendencies. The findings from the study indicate that imbibing values of healthy eating such as eating healthy and hygienic food, eating food on time, doing regular exercise, following safety and security measures all have a direct impact on holistic well being. The personality also gets enhanced and a person feels good about himself and the world. Hence, there is a felt need to create awareness about healthy eating habits, need for regular sacrifice, maintenance of cleanliness and following safety measures among learners especially at the primary and secondary level thereby promoting holistic development for the youth. 
Keywords: values, food, Gita, well being
 
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10586

 

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Sw. Purushottamananda (2010). Personality development and well being. RKM Sw. Tapasyananda. (2006). Srimad Bhagwat Gita-The Scripture of Mankind. Mylapore: Ramakrishna Math Importance of good food and nutrition. Accessed from https://www.nhmrc.gov.au/health-topics/nutrition Sushant (2015) Personality Development. Retrieved from http://libguides.csuchico.edu/c.php?g=414152&p=2822594 www. world of molecules.com

Monica Aggarwal

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF MANDATORY CSR SPENDING BY INDIAN COMPANIES

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8506/8515

 With the revamping of Companies Act, 2013, India has witnessed a new dimension of CSR for the companies. Now CSR has been made mandatory for Indian companies of a particular financial strength. With this backdrop of mandatory CSR, an attempt has been made in the current paper to examine whether there is statistical difference in the actual CSR spending of companies across industries. For this purpose, a sample of 50 companies divided into five industries is taken. CSR spending for accounting year 2014-15 has been taken. One-way ANOVA has been used to make the analysis which is carried out on SPSS version 20. On the basis of results, the study concludes that industries differ significantly with respect to CSR spending by companies in those industries.
Keywords: CSR spending, ANOVA, mandatory CSR, Mean plot, Industries.
 
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10587

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ChandrakantaSahoo (2011) “Corporate Social Responsibility: Issues and controversies”, Journal of Business and Management Vol 3, No 2, ISSN 2222-1905 (Paper) ISSN 2222-2839 (Online),pp 1-4. GahlotSushmita (2013),”Corporate Social Responsibility: Current Scenario”,Research Journal of Management Science, Vol. 2(12), 12-14, December (2013),pp12-14. Hess, D. &Dunfee, T.W. 2007. “The Kasky-Nike Threat to Corporate Social Reporting: Implementing a Standard of Optimal Truthful Disclosure as a Solution.” Business Ethics Quarterly, vol. 17(1): 5-32. Jaggi, G. (2014). Mandatory CSR in India: Proponents For and Against. IOSR Journal of Buisiness and Management, 16(6), 179-181 KPMG-UNEP, 2010. Carrots and Sticks-Promoting Transparency and Sustainability: An update on trends in Voluntary and Mandatory Approaches to Sustainability Reporting, KPMG Advisory NV, UNEP GRI. Lin, L.W. 2010. “Corporate social responsibility in China: window dressing or structural change?” Journal of International Law.28(1). SaritaMoharana (2013) “Corporate Social Responsibility: A Study of Selected Public Sector Banks in India”,IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM), Volume 15, Issue 4 (Nov. - Dec. 2013), pp 01-09. http://www.mca.gov.in/Ministry/pdf/CompaniesAct2013.pdf http://www.kpmg.com/in/en/services/tax/flashnews/mca-clarification-on-csr-under-thecompanies-act-2013.pdf

Deepak Gaikwad

AMCHYA AAUSHYATIL KAHI AATHVANI : EK AAKLAN

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8516/8520

 

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Madhavi Kharat

TRIRASHMI LENI : SAMAJIK WADMAYIN MAHATWA

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8521/8526

 

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Suman Kumari Katoch

SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHER’S ATTITUDE TOWARDS CREATIVE TEACHING

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8527/8533

 Attitude determines behavior. Attitude towards creative teaching may find expression in the teacher’s behavior towards students and his methods of teaching. Teachers, who have a creative attitude towards teaching, are likely to vary their methods of teaching, encourage or stimulate youngsters to venture into the unknown world. According to Beghetto& Kaufman (2009) creative learning requires the creative teaching. Creative teaching helps the learner to use imagination in its various dimensions. Creative teaching is a mindset to enter into class consciously entering into what is call creative state. In this paper survey method under the descriptive method of research was used. All the secondary school teachers of districts Shimla of Himachal Pradesh constituted the population of the study. For the present paper a sample of 94 school teachers were selected randomly. Tool prepared and standardized Shukla was employed to analyze the attitude of teachers towards creative teaching. To find out the significance of difference between the various groups ‘t’-test was applied. The results indicated that school gender-wise and type of management of school, all school teachers do not differ significantly in their attitude towards creative teaching. 
Keywords:  Creative learning, Teaching, Attitude, Imagination and Encourage.
 
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10588

 

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Beghetto, R, A, & Kaufman, J.C. (2009). Intellectual estuaries: connecting learning and creativity in programs of advanced academics. Journal of Advanced academics, 20, 296-324. Cornelius. (2000). Teacher competence associated with intelligence, attitude towards teaching profession and academic achievement of teacher trainees. Unpublished M. Phil. Thesis, University of Kerala. Edward. (1940). Techniques of attitude seals construction, Appleton century crafts Inc. New York. Good, C. V. (1973). ‘Introduction of Education Research’ New York, Appleton. Guilford, J.P. (1967). The nature of human intelligence.McGraw-hill IJSSIR, VOL.2, (1) Junuary 2013. International journal of Social Science and Interdisciplinary research; Khan Suhail Ahmed (2015). To study the relationship between teaching competency and attitude towards creative teaching of B.Ed. Trainees in Aurangabad city, MIER Journal of Educational Studies, Trends & Practices November 2015, Vol. 5, No. 2 pp.235 – 242. Kumar Sandeep. (2013). Attitude of B.ED student towards creative teaching: a study of science and arts stream teachers.). Marchetti, L., Cullen, P. (2016). A Multimodal Approach in the Classroom for Creative Learning and Teaching.Research: cultural psychology, didactics, history.University of Urbino. Pigge, Fred L; Marso, Ronald, N. (1997).Development of attitude toward teaching career in a longitudinal sample of teacher candidates progressing through preparation and five years of teaching.Reports-Research (143) Speeches or meeting paper (150). Pratte, J.L. (2001). Teacher creativity and students excellence.93 (1).Retrieved from: file://a:ERIC.Htm. Reddy, K.B. (1995).A study of student teachers’ success in relation to criteria of admission and attitude towards teaching.The progress of Education, Pune, LXX, 12-14. Saphier, J. & Gower, R. (1987).The skillful teacher research for better teaching, Inc. mass 01741. Suja, K., (2007) interaction effect of attitude towards teaching , interest in teaching and teaching experience of job commitment of Primary teachers , M.Ed. Dissertation, University of Calicut. Torrance E.P, (1964).Education and the Creative Potential.University of Minnesota, 222.

Suman Kumari Katoch

ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AND INTELLIGENCE AMONG SCHOOL STUDENTS

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8534/8542

 Education instill in the child a sense of maturity and responsibility by bringing in him the desired changes according to his needs and demands of ever changing society, of which he is an integral part. The descriptive method of research was justified in view of the objective of the study. All the students of 10th class of district Shimla constituted the population of the study. From the selected district, 10 schools (5 - rural area school and 5 - urban area school) were taken on the basis of random sampling.  In the third step 22 students were drawn randomly from 10th class of each school.  The total sample was consists of 220 hundred urban and rural students.  The investigator used General Mental Ability Test for data collection.  The t-test statistical technique was used in this study. The rural and urban students do not differ significantly on the variable of academic achievement and intelligence.
Keywords: Education, Community, Academic Achievement and Intelligence.
 
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10589

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Boon, Susan, B. (2002). Parental Processes Affecting Academic Achievement of Children from back, low income single mother families. In: Dissertation Abstracts International, Ph.D. Thesis of Education, Vol.62, No.7, p. 173. Chanda, N.K. and ChandaSunanda.(1990). Creativity, Intelligence and Scholastic Achievement; A residual Study, Indian Educational Review, Vol. 25(3), pp. 81-85. Deshmukh, N.H. (2000). A study of Anxiety, Achievement of Junior College Students with high and Low Self- concept.Indian Psychological Review, Quarterly, Vol. 54, No. 1&2, 1-4. Good, Carter, V. (1973), Introduction to Educational Research, New York, Appleton Century Crafts. Habibollah, N., Abdullah, R. and TengkuAizan,H. (2008). Male VersusFemale Intelligence among Undergraduate Students: Does Gender Matter? Asian Journal of Scientific Research, (5), p.539.

Siddaraju K.S. & Jayamma H.R.

A DIAGNOSTIC STUDY OF LEARNING DIFFICULTIES AND ERRORS MADE BY THE STUDENTS IN ENGLISH AT SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVEL

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8543/8556

 https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10590

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Bachman, L.F. (1990). Fundamental Considerations in Language Testing. Oxford University Press. Brinton, D. and Master, P. (Eds.) (1997). New Ways in Content-based Instruction. Alexandria, VA: Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages. Chamot, A. and O’Malley, M. (1994). Instructional Approaches and Teaching Procedures. In K. Spangenberg-Urbschat & R. Pritchard (Eds.), Kids come in all languages: Reading instruction for ESL students (pp. 82-107). Newark, DE: IRA. Ebel, R.L. and Frisbie, D.A. (2009). Essential of Educational Measurement. New Delhi: PHI Learning.

Sanjay Kumar Singh

LIQUID FUNDS: A COMPARATIVE EVALUATION WITH EQUITY MUTUAL FUNDS

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8557/8563

 The channelization of household savings in equity and equity related financial instruments has always been main objective of all policymakers in India  over the last few decades, particularly after liberalization of Indian economy in 1991. With this objective at the background, the investment in Mutual funds has been promoted by offering various tax incentives and educating investors’ community with other benefits associated with investment in Mutual funds. Under the present scenario, investors have opportunity to invest in various kinds of Mutual funds. Even among Mutual funds, the choice with regard to return and risk appetite can be exercised. The present study aims to highlight the difference in return offered by Equity Mutual funds and Liquid funds against the benefits  available to the investors in case of Liquid funds. Various statistical tests such as KS test, Levenes’ Test , t-test ,etc. have been employed using SPSS to arrive at meaningful conclusions from the available quantitative data.
 Keywords: Equity mutual funds, Liquid funds, Mutual funds, Kolmogorov-Smirnov Test , Levenes test , t-test, Group statistics.
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10591

 
 

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The Economic times Wealth , December 4-10,2017 www.economictimes.indiatimes.com “Why liquid funds are attractive alternative to saving deposits” by Priyabrata Prusty published in profit.ndtv.com on April 24, 2014. Performance Evaluation of Indian Equity Mutual Funds against Established Benchmarks Index Syed Husain Ashraf* and Dhanraj Sharma International Journal of Accounting Research Volume 2 • Issue 1 • 1000113

Sukhpreet Singh

SPATIAL PATTERNS OF WORK PARTICIPATION AMONG THE MUSLIMS IN INDIA: 2011

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8564/8575

 
Work participation is a very crucial indicator for understanding the economic contribution of various sections and communities of the society. The work participation rate plays an important role in the eradication of poverty and unemployment. The present paper tries to explore the reasons behind the low work participation among the Muslims in India. The reason behind the low work participation among the Muslims, is the overall low status of Muslim women which also leads to low work participation among the Muslim females. Its very sorry state of affair that more than three-forth Muslim women are not participation in work which gives serious blow to the work participation of entire community.
Keywords: work participation, Muslims and religious minorities
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10600

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Gosal, R.P.S. (1991), “Work Force of India’s Scheduled Caste Population: A Spatial Prespective” Population Geography Volume 13 Number 1&2 June-December 1991. Jawaid, M.A. (2007): “Socio-Economic and Demographic Profile of The Minoities in The New Millennium” in Minorities of India Problems & Prospects edited by Jawaid, Jehabgir & Shankar Bose, ICSSR, Manak Publications Pvt. Ltd New Delhi 2007, p.40 Kaur, Divjot (2013): “Spatial Patterns of The Population Characteristics of Major Religious Groups of India” an unpublished Ph.D. thesis Punjabi University Patiala p.266 Krishan, Gopal. (1979) “Non-Agricultural Workers in Rural India” Population Geography Volume Ist Number 1&2 June-December 1979 Mahajan, G & Jodhka, S. Singh.,(2010) “Religion, Community and Development: Changing Contours of Politics and Policy in India” Routledge Taylor & Francis Group, New Delhi. p.29. Singh, R.L. and Others (1971), India: A Regional Geography, National Geographical Society of India, Varanasi p.189.

Jajneswar Sethi

TAJIKISTAN RUSSIA RELATIONS IN EMERGING WORLD ORDER

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8576/8582

 The relation between Tajikistan and Russia has remained strong even after the disintegration of the Soviet Union. Both countries share a common perspective on various issues, such as, threat of religious fundamentalism, national separatism and cross-border terrorism which constitute the main threat to regional security, stability and development. So far as inter ethnic relation is concerned Tajikistan’s adoption of the Language Law in 1989 has slightly affected, Tajik-Russian relations. But the Tajik Government undertook some confidence building measures which included the protection of Russian speaking people’s interests by changing the language law and by granting dual citizenship to the Russian people. In the sphere of economy, though Tajik-Russian relation were badly disturbed because of the commercial and financial arrangements in Russia after the demise of the Soviet Union, still the inter regional economic links between the two countries remain. Both sides signed inter-state inter-governmental and inter-departmental documents regulating trade and economic cooperation between Tajikistan and Russia. So far as the strategic and security factor is concerned, Tajkistan totally depends upon Russia for maintaining peace and security in the region. Tajik Russia relationship is no longer based on ideological grounds, rather it is more practical and mutually beneficial in nature. 
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10592

 

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Rasheeduddin Khan, “CentralAsia’s Geo-Political Importance”, World Focus, 13. (11-12), Nov-Dec 1992, P.57. Ajay Patnaik, “Central Asia since Soviet Disintegration”, World Focus, vol.21, No.8, August 2000, P.3. Terasa Rakowska, “Russia and Nationalism in Central Asia”. The John Hopkins Press, London, 1970, P.76. Mouzaffar Olimov, “The Policy of Russia in Central Asia: A Perspective from Tajikistan”, Foreign Affairs, Sept /Oct, 1997, P. 110. Ibid. Ibid.

William Mumo Kibwea, Jonathan M. Mwania & Leornard Kamau

INFLUENCE OF CHILD HEADED FAMILY FORMATIONS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS AMONG PRE-SCHOOL LEARNERS IN MUSENGO ZONE, KITUI WEST SUB-COUNTY, KITUI COUNTY-KENYA

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8583/8592

 The study set out to study the influence of Child-headed family formations on the development of interpersonal relations among the pre-school learners in Musengo zone, in Kitui West Sub-County, Kitui County in Kenya. Families, ECDE institutions, and the community at large, provide conducive environment which necessitate acquisition of interpersonal skills and social competencies among the pre-school learners of Musengo zone. In Kitui West Sub-county, Kitui County, Kenya. This paper provides a broad review in understanding on the importance intervention of key stakeholders namely the peers, siblings, parents, community members and teachers on the development of social skills aspects of the pre-school learners. The study employed descriptive survey design to gather information, summarize, present and interpret the results for the purpose of clarification. Purposive sampling technique was used to select ECDE teachers and other key informants while questionnaires, interview guides and observation schedules were used in data collection. Data collected was analyzed using the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS). The study targeted a population of 906 respondents comprising of 25 headteachers, 56 ECDE teachers, 25 parent representatives and 800 ECDE learners.A sample size of 145 respondents constituting 5 headteachers, 15 ECDE teachers, 5 parents representatives, and 120 ECDE learners. Data was presented by use of frequency distribution tables. The study established that there is a significant relationship between child-headed family formations and the development of interpersonal relations among pre-school learners. The researcher concluded that the government and all strategic partners should objectively support the orphaned and vulnerable children and mentor them so that they developinterpersonal. The study findings will be of great importance and relevance to ECDE teachers, Non governmental organizations, curriculum developers and administrators.
 
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10593

 

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Ainsworth, M. (1998). Patterns of attachment:A psychological study of the strange situation. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence earboum associates. Booth, A. & Paul, R. (2013). Parental pre-divorce relations and offspring post-divorce well being in Brazil. Journal of Marriage and Family, 63:197-212. Bray, J. & Kelly, J. (2013). Step families, love, marriage, and parenting in the first decade. New York, NY: Broadway Books. Earley, L., & Cushway, D. (2002). The parentified child.Clinical child psychology and psychiatry Vol 7 (2) pp 163-1163-178. Guba, P. & Lincolin, S. (1985). Family diversity and well being. Thousand Oarks: sage publications. Hooper, L. (2014). What parentification is. Parentification inventory: The University of Louisville, Lousville (502), 852-5311. Hooper, M. (2007). The application of attachment: Theory and family systems theory to the phenomena of parentification. The family journal: counseling and therapy for couples and families (15,217-253), 15:217-253). Harris, P. (2003). Children and emotions: Individual differences in children’s emotion….pons –cited by vol 2 pp 271.

Ajay K. Gautam & Neha Yadav

BORDERS- SHAPING OUR UNDERSTANDING OF CITIZENSHIP AND IMMIGRATION

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8593/8601

 The theorists in favour of open border assert the existing limitations on immigration in Western democracies are not reasonable. Like feudal barricades to mobility, they defend unjust honour. And, as it was witnessed, furthermost human beings do not prefer to move, they usually feel emotionally attached to their native land. They seek out to move out when life is very challenging where they are. The communitarian objections to this supposition come especially from Michael Walzer. He enunciates an approach to distributive ethics grounded on complex equality that is meticulously observant to the specific ways specific communities’ value goods. A renewed attention in borders and geography amongst theoreticians is giving upsurge to enquiries that are outside the scope of Walzer\'s system and disclose concepts at the geographic level that weaken his overall approach. This internal discrepancy deteriorates but does not eventually mark-down, Walzer\'s overall policy of distributive ethics. When standardised to permit for geographic meticulousness, Walzer\'s approach becomes even more valuable to critique a range of contemporary development movements.
Keywords: openborder, closed border, immigration, citizenship, alienage
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10594

 
 

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Bosniak, Linda. The Citizen and the Alien: Dilemmas of contemporary membership. United Kingdom: Princeton University Press, 3 Market Place, Princeton University Press, 41 William Street, Princeton, New Jersey 08540, 2006. Madonna Harrington Meyer (Ed.). (2000). Care Work: Gender, Labour, and the Welfare State. New York: Routledge Florence: Taylor & Francis Group. Walzer, M. (1983). Spheres of Justice: A Defense of Pluralism and Equality. New York: Basic Books. Walzer, M. (1983). Spheres of Justice: A Defense of Pluralism and Equality, P.41. New York: Basic Books. Walzer, M. (1983). Spheres of Justice: A Defense of Pluralism and Equality, P.33. New York: Basic Books.

Sunaina

OCCUPATIONAL ASPIRATIONS OF ADOLESCENTS IN RELATION TO THEIR SELF CONCEPT

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8602/8628

 Life is full of struggles and a person has to face many challenging situations where he/she needs to make right decisions. With the advancement of scientific knowledge and gradual development of materialistic outlook, it is believed that education should enable the individual to earn his living .Occupational aspirations in the formative years of life influence the vocational choice in the later life, which determine individual’s success in regard to job satisfaction, productivity and adjustment. So, it is imperative for the teachers to know their occupational aspirations, interest, self concept etc. A sample of 200 senior secondary school students was randomly drawn from govt. and private schools located in Ferozepur. Significant difference has been found in the level of occupational aspirations of adolescent boys and girls. Insignificant difference has been found in the level of self concept of adolescent boys and girls. Insignificant relationship has been found between occupational aspirations and self concept of adolescents.
Keywords: Adolescent, occupational aspiration, self concept.
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10595

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Chadda, D. K.(1985). Self concept of teachers and their emotional adjustment. Fourth Survey of Research in Education. Vol-2, NCERT, New Delhi, 928. Goswami, R. K. (1978). A study of self concept of the adolescents and its relationship with academic achievement. Third survey of Educational Research by Buch, M. B., 665-666. Grewal J. S. (1971). Manual of occupational aspiration scale. Agra: National Psychological Corporation. Ramkumar, V. (1972). Self concept and level of aspiration as factor affecting academic achievement. Journal of Psychological researches, 16. Saraswat, R. K. & Gaur, J. S. (1981). Approaches for the measurement of self concept: An Introduction. Indian Educational Review, 16(3), 114-119.

Sanjiw Kumar Manjre

GURU GHASIDAS AND HIS PHILOSOPHY: CHALLENGING BRAHMANISM IN CHHATTISGARH

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8629/8635

 Guru Ghasidas was a great social reformer and philosopher in Chhattisgarh. He was the founder of the Satnami movement in Chhattisgarh. His all philosophies and messages were dedicated to humanity and all living being. He has talked about casteless and untouchability free society where always been equality, Satya-ahinsa (truth and non-violence), freedom and brotherhood and there should be no place for discrimination in the name of pure and pollution. Today also, Guru Ghasidas\'s philosophy teaches the Satnamis even all humans in two sides. First, is tried to make a good person in everyday life. Second is that hit to hierarchical Brahmanic supremacy and itself keep away from Hindu god-goddess. Because, not existence of the Gods, it is only mythical story and their all characters are fictional. They can’t ever help you. It has been completed through secondary sources.  
Keywords: Guru Ghasidas, Philosophy, Brahmanism, Chhattisgarh
 
 

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Jonglekar, K.N., (2000), Sant Guru GhasidasevmSatnamPanthKaEtehasikAdhyayan, Raipur: Pt. RavishankarShukla University, PhD Thesis, School of Studies in History, Cultural and Archaeology. Manjre S.K. (2016), Satnami Movement in Chhattisgarh: Source of Nation Building, Unpublished MPhil Dissertation, School of Social Sciences, Central University of Gujarat. Manjre S.K. and Banjare S.K. (2015), “Chhattisgarh Mein SatnamAndolan”, Sangharsh/Struggle: e-Journal of Dalit Literary Studies, Vol. 4, Issue 1. Russell, and HiraLal (1916), Tribes and Castes of the Central Provinces of India, London: Macmilland and co. Limited, St. Martins Street.

Sunaina

STUDY HABITS OF +2 CLASS STUDENTS IN RELATION TO THEIR HOME ENVIRONMENT

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8636/8642

 In the present set up where the society is ever changing with new advancements in science and technology, an individual’s life is in turmoil and he is uncertain about his future. Since, students are the future of the country. So, it is essential to infuse certain traits and qualities in them. To reach this cherished goal many formal as well as informal agencies of education are working in this direction. To achieve academically high, the students have to devote much time to their studies and positive study habits can help a lot to the children in this direction. Parents and teachers can help them to develop positive study habits which will enable them to perform better. A sample of 200 senior secondary school students was randomly drawn from govt. and private schools located in Ferozepur. Insignificant difference has been found in the study habits of boys and girls students of +2 class. Partial relationship has been found between study habits and home environment of school students.
Keywords: Home environment, study habits.
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10597

 

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Kaur, A. (2008). Study habits of 9th grade students in relation to their school environment. An unpublished M.Ed dissertation, Dev Samaj College of Education for Women, Ferozepur City. Kaur, A. (2012). A study of study habits in relation to home environment of secondary school students of Ludhiana District. An unpublished M.Ed. dissertation ,Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial College of Education, Dhudi-ke, Moga. Kaur, K. (2012). Impact of parental encouragement on study habits of adolescents students. M.Ed. dissertation, Dev Samaj College of Education for Women, Ferozepur City.

Sunita Arya & Parmod Kumar

ABSTRACT INTELLIGENCE OF GRADUATE STUDENTS IN RELATION TO THEIR RISK TAKING BEHAVIOUR

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8643/8648

 The study was conducted to determine the relationship between abstract intelligence of graduate students in relation to their risk taking behaviour. The participants were 600 degree college students of Haryana state studying in different streams viz. Art, Science, Commerce, Pharmacy and Education. Cattell and Cattell Culture Fair (Free) intelligence Scale by Kapoor, Rao & Singh. {Scale III(CFIS-III)} for measuring abstract intelligence & Risk Taking Questionnaire (RTQ) by V.N.Sinha & P.N.Arora were used for the study. Mean, Standard Deviation and ‘z’ test were used for compare the values among different groups. The result of the study shows that the male students were significantly differ in abstract intelligence than the female students studying at graduate level while the male and female students studying in professional courses at graduate level does not differ in abstract intelligence whereas male male students were significantly differ in abstract intelligence than the  female students studying in non professional courses at graduate level.
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10598

 
 

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Augustus R. J. and Tamilenthi, S. (2016). A study of intelligence and academic achievement among the high school students of Coimbatore district in Tamilnadu. Journal of Multidisciplinary Scientific Research, 4(3), 01-04. Azmawati, M. N., Hamid, A.S.H., Azhar, S.S., Ahmad, N., Aizuddin, N.A. & Rozita, H. (2015). Risk taking behaviour among urban and rural adolescents in two selected districts in Malaysia. South African Family Practice, 57(3), 160-165, DOI: 10.1080/20786190.2014.977048. Babanazari1 L., Askari P., and Honarmand M.M. (2012). Spiritual intelligence and happiness for adolescents in high school. Life Science Journal, 9 (3), 2296-2299. Boer, A.D., Peeters, M. and Koning, I. (2016). An experimental study of risk taking behavior among adolescents: A closer look at peer and sex influences. The Journal of Early Adolescents, 1-17. Retrived from http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0272431616648453

Satyendra Singh Chahar

PERCEPTION OF UNDER GRADUATE STUDENTS ABOUT EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT (AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF DISTRICT MATHURA UP)

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8649/8654

 Educational environment and other educational institutes define the basic framework of education. Ministry of Science, higher education and Educational Organizations are some of the most important and widespread social organizations which hold the responsibility of selection and transmittance of values and custom to future generation. Educational Organization has direct influence not only on development of latent talents and increasing knowledge and abilities of students but also leads to an increase in national annual production and gross production of every country. 
 With a profound look, we understand that education plays a remarkable role in every society in training children and future generation who are all the assets of a country. The conclusion of the research is that under graduate students are un-aware to educational environment and their educational rights.
Keywords: Educational environment, framework, transmittance, values and custom.
 
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10599

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Ahuja, R. (2001).Research methods. Jaipur, India: Rawat Publications. 2.Becker, F. D. (1981),Workspace: Creating environments in organizations. New York: Praeger Publishers. Harvey, L. (1995). Student satisfaction. The New Review of Academic Librarianship vol.1, 161-73. Henry, C. (2000). Planning without anxiety. School Planning and Management, 39(10),28-30 Stensaker, B. (2007). Quality as Fashion. Exploring the Translation of A Management Idea into Higher Education. Quality Assurance in Higher Education. Higher Education Dynamics vol. 20, 99-118.

Rege K, Shah V, Ingle H, Mallya S & Qureshi J

MYTHS, FACTS, PRECAUTIONS AND TREATMENT BASED ON KNOWLEDGE QUESTIONNAIRE (KQ-18) REGARDING HIV/AIDS AMONG MARRIED AND NEVER MARRIED ADULTS (25-35 YEARS) IN MUMBAI & THANE

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8439/8451

 The lack of proper awareness and knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS may leave a large section of the population vulnerable to contract the disease. Correct knowledge and awareness regarding the disease is a general prerequisite for the prevention and control of HIV/AIDS. Inadequate knowledge, negative attitudes and risky practices are major hindrances to preventing the spread of HIV. The objective was to obtain the knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS on the basis of knowledge questionnaire (KQ-18) among married and never married men and women in Mumbai and Thane district of age 25-35 years. The sample consisted of 120 participants (30 married men, 30 married women, 30 never married men, and 30 never married women) ages 25-35 years. The tool was divided into 2 categories a) Proforma [18 introductory questions, such as gender family type] and b) Knowledge questionnaire [standardized tool of knowledge questionnaire (KQ-18) comprising of 18 items]. Results revealed that participants had high knowledge about symptoms i.e., having sex with more than one partner can increase person’s chance of being affected with HIV; treatment i.e., there is a vaccine that can stop adults from getting HIV, precaution i.e., a person can get HIV by sitting in a hot tub or a swimming pool with a person who has HIV. Astonishingly, participants had a very low knowledge about women getting HIV if she has anal sex with a man, taking a test for HIV one week after having sex will tell a person if she or he has HIV and a natural skin condom works better against HIV than does a latex condom in terms of symptoms, treatment and precautions respectively. These research findings led us to believe that there is a need to impart knowledge in relation to HIV/AIDS. 
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10660 

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AIDS and HIV Infection Information for United Nations Employees and Their Families (2000). Retrieved from http://data.unaids.org/publications/IRC-pub01/JC306-UN-Staff-Rev1_en.pdf http://data.unaids.org/publications/IRC-pub01/JC306-UN-Staff-Rev1_en.pdf http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/2721/10/10_chapter%202.pdf http://www.epidem.org/sites/default/files/content/resources/attachments/PMTCT%20report.pdf http://www.health.ny.gov/publications/0213.pdf http://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/HIV_IF_Transmission.pdf;

J. Shakila

PARENT CHILD RELATIONSHIP OF SECONDARY SCHOOL GIRL CHILDREN IN THE CONTEXT OF LOCALITY AND DIFFERENT SCHOOL BACKGROUND

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8452/8459

 Parent child relationship is the important issue of adolescent’s life. They play an important role in   shaping the personality. Girl child education becomes pertinent for the attainment of national development. This study examined the parent-child relationship   of secondary school girl children in the context of locality and different school background. The sample of the present study has taken from 1200 Secondary school   girl students and adopted normative survey method. The tool adopted for the study is the ‘Parent Child Relationship Scale’ developed by Nalini Rao, (2011). The results of the study indicated that Secondary school girl children are found to have strong parent – child   relationship. Locality of living of the girl children influenced their parent child relationship.  Type of school management of the girl   influenced their parent child relationship
Keywords: Parent-child relationship, Locality, Type of school management.
 

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Eddy , Brandon P (2015) " The Impact of Marital Quality and Parent-Child Relationships on Peer Relationships at School: A Brazilian Study " Public Access Theses and Dissertations from the College of Education and Human Sciences. http://digitalcommons. unl.edu/cehsdiss/241 Garrett, H.E. (1981) Statistics in Psychology and Education. Bombay, Vakils, Feffer and Simmons Ltd., Hurlock, E.B. (1980). Developmental Psychology, 5th edition. McGraw Hill Book Company Karuna Sharma, Shubha Dube(2015): Examining Parent Child Relationship of Adolescents Girls at Jaipur City; Rajasthan (India), International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development, Vol:2, Issue 10 Krishan Lal(2013) : Parent-Child Relationship among Boys and Girls at Secondary Level , American International Journal of Research in Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences, Volume:4, Issue:2

A. Kavitha

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SELECTED INDIAN HOUSING FINANCE COMPANIES BASED ON CAMEL APPROACH

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8460/8469

 Good Corporate Governance is important for sound management of any organization. Non-Banking Financial Institutions like Housing Finance Companies are no exception and there has been ever-increasing demand for transparency. HFCs are facing more number of challenges in comparison with commercial banks and concentrate more on efficiency in order to survive, so there is much importance of sound management. The main aim of this research paper is to analyze the financial performance of the listed Five Housing Finance Companies (HFCs) in India, namely Can Fin Homes, DEWAN Housing finance, PNB Housing finance, LIC Housing, HDFC, by using the CAMEL model (Capital Adequacy, Asset Quality, Management Efficiency, Earning Capability and Liquidity). On the basis of corporate governance practices & disclosures in the annual report for the year 2007-2008 to 2016-2017. For this purpose, corporate governance score (CG score) is calculated for each HFCs across the different parameters as per the Companies Act. These components are used to reflect financial performance, operating soundness and regulatory compliance of financial institutions.
Keywords: National Housing Bank (NHB), Corporate Governance, CAMEL model, Housing Finance Companies (HFC).
 

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Prasuna, D.G. (2004), Performance Snapshot 2003-04, Chartered Financial Analyst, 10(11), pp. 6-13. Baral, K.J. (2005), Health Check-up of Commercial Banks in the Framework of CAMEL: A Case Study of Joint Venture Banks in Nepal, The Journal of Nepalese Business Studies, 2(1), pp.41-55. Bodla, B.S. and Verma, R. (2006), Evaluating Performance of Banks through CAMEL Model: ACase Study of SBI and ICICI, The ICFAI Journal of Bank Management, 5(3), pp.49-63. Gupta, R. (2008), A CAMEL Model Analysis of Private Sector Banks in India, Journal of Gyan Management, 2(1), pp.3-8. Kaur, H.V. (2010), Analysis of Banks in India- A CAMEL Approach, Global Business Review, 11, pp.257- 280. Moreover, Siva, and Natarajan, P. (2011), CAMEL Rating Scanning (CRS) of SBI Groups, Journal of Banking Financial Services and Insurance Research, 1(7), pp.1-17. Srinivas, K. and Saroja, L. (2013), Comparative Financial Performance of HDFC Bank and ICICI Bank, Scholars World-International Refereed Multidisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research, 1(2), pp.107-112. Tripathi, D. and Meghani, K. (2014), Financial Performance of Axis Bank and Kotak Mahindra Bank in the Post Reform Era: Analysis on CAMEL Model, International Journal of Business Quantitative Economics and Applied Management Research, 1(2), pp.108-141.

Abhibunnisha Begum

EMPHASIZING THE USE OF LITERATURE AS AN EFFECTUAL TECHNIQUE FOR TEACHING LANGUAGE: A STUDY

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8482/8490

 This paper aims at emphasizing the use of literature as an effectual technique for teaching both basic language skills (i.e. reading, writing, listening and speaking) and language areas (i.e. and vocabulary, grammar and pronunciation). Reasons for using literary texts in foreign language that is English and the main criteria for selecting apposite literary texts in foreign language classes are hassled as the only language in which all subjects travel is English.  Moreover the teaching of language skill’s benefits is obtained through altered genres of literature (i.e. poetry, short fiction, drama and novel). Literature in a language classroom provides adequate space for the learners to observe, validate and mirror themselves. The purpose of using literature in a language classroom is to formulate the class interactive and it can be assured that an interactive class can apparently develop communicative competence of the learners and remain an enduring impact on their mind. Such a class can develop the decisive thinking abilities of the learners and at the same time preserve a learner centre environment. The use of literature is to focus on the positive contributions of a literary text as it exposes the learner to different registers, types of language use. 
Literature  plays  an  important  role  in  the  English  programs  of  many  non-English speaking  countries.  However, there are some problems encountered by language teachers within the area of teaching English through literature. First, there are very few  pedagogically-designed  suitable  materials  that  can  be  used  by  language teachers in a language classroom. Second, there is a lack of groundwork in the area of literature teaching in TESL / TEFL programs. Third, there is the nonexistence of clear-cut objectives defining the role of literature in ESL /EFL. The teacher has a significant role in teaching English through literature. Literature is not only a device for developing the written and oral skills of the students in the intention language but also is a window opening into the culture of the target language, building up a cultural proficiency in students.
Keywords: apparently, competence, emphasizing, pedagogically, proficiency. 
 
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10663

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Akyel, A., & Yalcin, E. Literature in the EFL class: A study of goal achievement incongruence. ELT Journal, Vol. 44 (No.3), 174-180. 1990. 7. Bretz, M. L. Reaction: Literature and communicative competence: A springboard for the development of critical thinking and aesthetic appreciation. Foreign Language Annals, Vol. 23 (No.4), Pp. 335-338. 1990. Collie, J. and S. Slater. Literature in the Language Classroom: A Resource Book of Ideas and Activities. Cambridge: CUP. 1990. Edmonson, W. The role of literature in foreign language learning and teaching: some valid assumptions and invalid arguments. AILA Review, 12. 1997. Elliot, R. “Encouraging reader-response to literature in ESL situations”. ELT Journal. Vol 44, No. 3. 1990. Pp: 191-198. Maley, A. “Down from the Pedestal: Literature as Resource” in Literature and the Learner: Methodological Approaches. Cambridge: Modern English Publications. 1989. McKay, S. Literature in the ESL classroom. TESOL Quarterly, Vol. 16 (No.4), Pp. 529-536. 1982. Sage, H. Incorporating Literature in ESL Instruction. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall. 1987. Spack, R. Literature, reading, writing, and ESL: Bridging the gaps. TESOL Quarterly, Vol. 19 (No.4), Pp. 703-725. (1985).

Balaji S. Mudholkar

TO STUDY THE CAUSES OF INDUSTRIAL SICKNESS IN NANDED DISTRICT (MAHARASHTRA)

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8491/8498

 
Industrial sickness specially in small-scale Industry has been always a demerit for the Indian economy, because more and more industries like – cotton, Jute, Sugar, Textiles small steel and engineering industries are being affected by this sickness problem. The solutions will have to be tailored to the specific industry, and only in that way can any real effect be made on improving the health and productivity of the industrial workforce. In this research paper researcher is try to understand various causes, issues and problems related to sickness of SSI units in Nanded district. 
Keywords: industrial sickness, productivity, workforce, small-scale, raw material, infrastructure 
 
 

https://doi.org/10.21922/srjis.v4i37.10664

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Acharya, R. (1995), the Impact of New Technologies on Economic Growth and Trade: A Case Study of Biotechnology, Maastricht: University Pers. Acharya, Shanta, (1998), Investing in India, London: Macmillan Business. Ahluwalia, Isher Judge and I.M.D. C little (eds.) (1998), India’s Economic Reforms and Development, Essays for Manmohan Singh, Delhi, Oxford University Press. Allen, T., Hyman, D. and Pinckney, D. (1983), Transferring Technology to the Small Manufacturing Firms: A Study of Technology Transfer in Three Countries, Research Policy, 12: 199–211. Anderson, D. (1982), Small Industry in Developing Counties: A Discussion of Issues, World Development, Anderson, Dennis (1982), Small Industry in Developing Countries – Some Issues, World Bank Staff Working Paper, 518, Washington D.C. Archibugi, D. and J. Michie (1995), The Globalization of Technology: A New Taxonomy, Cambridge Journal of Economics,

Sabahat Aslam & Shabir Ahmad Bhat

PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT AND SCHOLASTIC ACHIEVEMENT OF HIGHER SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN RELATION TO GENDER AND RURAL/URBAN DICHOTOMY

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8499/8507

 The present paper was taken up with broad objective to study the parental Involvement and scholastic achievement of higher secondary school students in relation to their gender and urban/rural dichotomy.  The sample comprised of 800 higher secondary school students (400 Rural and 400 urban students, out of which 200 were male and 200 were female). The sample for the study was selected randomly from the different schools of Srinagar (as urban district) and Ganderbal (as rural district). The sample was selected in such a way to ensure that every unit of the population could get equal chance to be selected in the sample. Parental Involvement Scale developed by vijay Laxmi and Gunjan  Ganotra Arora,(2009) was administered for the present sample and scholastic Achievement was obtained from the previous two years performance records of the sample subjects. Findings of the study revealed that there is suggest significant difference between rural and urban higher secondary school student`s on Parental Involvement. The result also revealed that there is significant mean difference between rural and urban students on their Academic Achievement and urban student`s have higher academic achievement as compared to rural higher secondary school students.  

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Adri Menheere & Edith H. Hooge(2014) Parental involvement in children’s education: A review study about the effect of parental involvement on children’s school education with a focus on the position of illiterate parents. Journal of the European Teacher Education Network JETEN (6) (144-157). Araceli Martinez (2015) Parental Involvement and its affect on Student Achievement.Unpublished thesis Presented to the Faculty of California State University, Stanislaus Ayman Mokhtar Zaher Eldeeb (2012). The impact of parental involvement on academic student achievement. Dissertation submitted of Master of education -international management and policies,

Rekha J. Parlikar

RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN INDIA

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8509/8516

 Indian society is known as a rural society. Most of the Indian population resides in rural area. So the development of India means the development of this rural area. And the development of rural area means the development of all types of depressed, oppressed, poor and downtrodden groups of the society. According to 2001 census in India 8.2 percent and in Maharashtra around 8.9 percent of population belongs to Scheduled Tribes and 87.3 per cent of the ST population of Maharashtra is residing in the rural areas. This society is politically, socially and economically backward compare to other social groups of the society. So you should think first about this big group for the rural development. In this manner policy maker establishes an administrative setup for rural areas. Further they introduce various committees for strengthening rural development. But the 73rd constitutional amendment is the milestone in this regards. For particular the development of tribal areas (Fifth Scheduled Areas according to the Constitution of India) Panchayats Extension to the Scheduled Areas Act, 1996 (PESA) passed in 1996. According to PESA act ‘management’ of natural resources transferred to the local society. But there is a problem of its proper implementation.  This paper delves in some detail into the manner in which the States’ have subverted the mandate of the Central Legislation through carefully using the wordings in law to make the implementation vague and ineffective especially in the context of ‘community resources’ in scheduled areas. This is comparative study of implementation of PESA Act in various states in India.
 

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1.Fifth Schedule Area ( http://www.mmpindia.org/Fifth_Schedule.htm) 2.http://www.google.co.in/search?q=TRIBALS+AND+THEIR+LANDS+Legal+Issues+and+Concerns+with+Special+Reference+to+Madhya+Pradesh+and+Andhra+Pradesh&btnG=Search&hl=en&source=hp&aq=f&aqi=&aql=&oq= 3.http://www.ncasindia.org/ncas-presents-papers-tribal-governance-and-development-gujarat-and-maharashtra 4.Kulkarni S. D., Problems of Tribal Development in Maharashtra, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 15, No. 38 (Sep. 20, 1980), pp. 1598-1600 5.Success and Failure in Rural Development :A Comparison of Maharashtra, Bihar and Bangladesh,( http://www.virginia.edu/soasia/symsem/kisan/papers/mabiba.htm) 6.http://www.google.co.in/search?q=Chapter+6%3A+Land+Resources+and+Degradation&btnG=Search&hl=en&source=hp&aq=f&aqi=&aql=&oq=

Rekha J. Parlikar

STRENGTHENING TRIBAL PANCHAYATS

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8517/8525

 In India the Panchayats (extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996 (PESA Act 1996) was enacted on 24 December 1996. This act is enacted particularly for scheduled areas. Scheduled Areas are those, which are under the Fifth Schedule of the Constitution of India where the tribal populations are predominant. According to PESA act ‘management’ of natural resources transferred to the local society. 
India is famous for its natural resources being one of the 12 mega-diversity countries in the world.(DebnathDeboshish, 2010)The Indian civilization is a primary civilization, known as Indus civilization, which has been described by Rabindranath Tagore as Tapavan civilization, meaning the very civilization grew in forest, was developed by its indigenous people. India’s forest dwelling people are known as Vanabasi or Vanyajati as well as ‘the Scheduled Tribe’ (a constitutional category) as their association with the forest from time immemorial.
This paper deals with the problem of climate change and its effects on the human society. It also tries to bring out the importance of an organized and decentralized governance mechanism to manage them. The paper elaborates how the Tribal Panchayats can play a meaningful role in managing climate change through forest management.
Climate change will be pivotal in redefining development in the twenty-first century. Nations, societies, communities, and households respond to the impact of climate changes and variability to which the world has already been committed.  In many instances, climate change is a determinant factor in the growth, equity, and sustainability of society at large. Given the potential magnitude of impending changes in institutional and social relationships, the gaps in current knowledge about the role of institutions in adapting to climate change is remarkably large.   This review focuses on the role of local institutions in adapting to climate change.
 

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DebnathDeboshish(2010), Forest Management vis-à-vis Tribal Economy, in S.N. Chaudhary (ed), Tribal Economy at Crossroad, (pp 266). N. Delhi: Rawat Publications. Innes, J. L. (2007), FORESTS AND FOREST PLANTS - Forests in Environmental Protection, Retrieved from http://www.eolss.net Report of the Conference of the Parties on Its Thirteenth Session (2007), Held in Bali from 3 to 15 December. Addendum Part Two: Action Taken By the Conference of the Parties at Its Thirteenth Session. Decision 2/CP.13 Reducing Emissions from Deforestation in Developing Countries: Approaches to Stimulate Action; United Nations Frame Convention on Climate Change: New York, NY, USA, Retrieved from http://docs.google.com Macqueen, D. (2010), Review of Funds Which Aim To Protect Tropical Forests; International Institute for Environment and Development: London, UK, Werf, van der, G.R., Morton, D.C., Defries, R.S., Olivier, J.G.J., kasibhatla, P.S.,Jackson, R.B., Collatz, G.J. and Randerson, J.T. (2009), CO2 emissions from forest loss, Retrieved from http://docs.google.com Bernier P.andSchoene D. (2007) ,Adapting forests and their management to climate change: an overview, Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/docrep/011/i0670e/i0670e13.htm Sinha G.N.(2006), Prospects of Community Forest Management and Role of Panchayats in Arunachal Pradesh, Retrieved from, http://www.sfri.org/images/general/article_cfm. Saxena, N.C. (2007), Policies for Tribal Development: Analysis and Suggestions, Proceedings: International Conference on Poverty Reduction and Forests, Bangkok, Retrieved from, http://www.mtnforum.org/sites/default/files/pub/4946.pdf AnderssonKrister& Gibson Clark C. (2007), Decentralized governance and environmental change: Local institutional moderation of deforestation in Bolivia, Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 99–123, SethiNitin(2011), Panchayat Act helps villagers regain control over resources, The Times of India, Retrieved from, http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com Sharma R. A. (1995), Participatory Forest Management in India, Springer on behalf of Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Vol. 24, No. 2 pp. 131-133 Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/pss/4314311 Khosla, P K (ed), (1992) Status of Indian Forestry Problems and Perspectives, Indian Society of Tree Scientists, Solan. KolavalliShashi(1995 Jul. 29), Joint Forest Management: Superior Property Rights?, Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 30, No. 30 (Jul. 29, 1995), pp. 1933-1938

Rekha J. Parlikar

PUBLIC INDIFFERENCE TOWARDS POLITICS

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8526/8534

  ‘Politics is the field of thinkers’; this is the conservative thinking about politics. But what about today views of politics is ‘Politics is the game of scandals.’ This is the reason for the problem arising of public indifference towards politics.Today Indian society faces this problem at large level. So this paper tries to find out the reasons of it including the corruption, criminalization, cast & religious base and at the core scandals in the politics. Further analyze that Political socialization and political culture is the main reason behind it. If we want to involve the youths in the politics at large scale we must purify the politics where they feels proud to be a part of it. At last there are some suggestions for further development related to solve this problem.
 

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business-standard.com, ^ "GegongApang held for Rs 1,000 -cr PDS scam". business-standard.com. http://www.business-standard.com/india/news/gegong-apang-held-for-rs-1000cr-pds-scam/405734/. Retrieved 1 December 2010. Chishti, Seema (2004-08-02). "India's love affair with 'tainted' politicians". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/3527710.stm. Retrieved 2010-01-05. Corruption Perceptions Index, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Corruption_Perceptions_Index India Corruption Study, Centre for Media Studies (20/tii/ICS2k5_Vol1.pdf). India Corruption Study 2005: To Improve Governance Volume – I: Key Highlights. Transparency International India.

P. Annuncia & N. KalaiArasi

IMPACT OF LOCUS OF CONTROL ON STUDENT LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOUR

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8535/8542

 The quality of citizens depends upon the education that is imparted to them. It has been a vital force in regeneration of nation. Hence instead of confining into academic walls schools must develop the students with strong personality traits such as leadership. The present study was aimed to explore the relationship between locus of control and leadership behavior of students. The populations for the present study were higher secondary students in three different types of schools such as government, government aided and self-finance schools in Chennai district of Tamil Nadu. Results revealed that boys manifested significantly higher level of leadership behavior and locus of control when compared to their counter parts. It is also noted that urban locality students have manifested significantly higher level in leadership behavior and locus of control than rural locality students. Locus of control and leadership behaviuor of the students is significantly and positively correlated with each other.
 

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Lefcourt, H. M. (1976). Locus of control. New York: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Hiers, J. M., &Heckel, R. V. (1977). Seating choice, leadership and locus of control. Journal of SocialPsychology, 103(2), 313-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00224545.1977.9713334 Anderson, C. R., &Schneier, C. E. (1978). Locus of control, leader behaviour and leader performance amongmanagement students. Academy of Management Journal, 21(4), 690-698. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/255709 McCullough, P. M., Ashbridge, D., &Pegg, R. (1994). The effect of self-esteem, family structure, locus ofcontrol, and career goals on adolescent leadership behavior. Adolescence, 29(115), 605-611.

Kuldeep Singh Katoch

AWARENESS AND ATTITUDE OF SCHOOL STUDENTS TOWARDS ENVIRONMENT

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8543/8550

 Environment and the organisms are two dynamic and complex component of nature. Environment regulates the life of the organisms including human beings. Human beings interact with the environment more vigorously than other living beings. It is the sum total of conditions in which an organism has to survive or maintain its life process. It influences the growth and development of living forms. In this paper an attempt has been made to study the awareness and attitude of school students towards environment and related issues. To study this phenomena survey method has been used. The study was conducted on 160 students (girls and 80 boys). The students were randomly selected from different schools of Shimla. For the purpose of data collection environmental attitude scale and environmental awareness tests were administered on them. The data was collected personally from the schools. To analyze the data t-ratio was calculated. The results revealed that both male and female have equal awareness towards environment and female students are having better attitude towards environment than male students.
Keywords: Awareness, Environment, Global warming, flora and Fauna. 
 
 
 

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Aminard, S. (2013). Knowledge of environmental issue where pupil acquire information and how it affects their attitude, opinion and laboratory behavior.Journal of psychology Abstract and reviewvol.4 (1). January–June 1997. Retrieved 11, March 2016 from http://www.eric.ed.gob./ERICwebportal/search/simplesearch.jsp.html Aydin, R. (2013). Environmental awareness and attitude towards environment of secondary school students.International Journal of environmental and science education, 1(1), 65-77.Retrieved on 16, March 2016 from http://www.researchgate.neepublication/articles.html. Battacharya, EP. (1971). Fundamentals of ecology third edition Philadelphia W: B sounders company. Retrieved on March 10, 2016 from http:// www.gci.ch/greengrassprogrammesenvironmentaledu.eeconcept.html.

Subhash Singh

QUALITY IMPROVEMENT IN SECONDARY EDUCATION THROUGH RMSA

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8551/8567

 Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) scheme was launched in March, 2009 with the objective to enhance access to secondary education and improve its quality. The schemes envisages inter alia, to enhance the inrollment at secondary stage by of  providing a secondary school with a reasonable distance of habitation, with an aim to ensure GER of 100% by 2017 and universal retention by 2020. The other objectives include improving quality of education imparted at secondary level through making all secondary schools conform to prescribed norms, removing gender, socio-economic and disability barriers, etc. Important physical facilities are provided which include, (i) Additional class rooms, (ii)Laboratories, (iii) Libraries, (iv) Art and crafts room, (v) Toilet blocks, (vi) drinking water provisions, (vii) Electricity / telephone/internet connectivity and (viii) Disabled friendly provisions. Improvement in quality through, (i) Appointment of additional teachers to improve PTR (ii) Inservice training of teachers, (iii) ICT enabled education, (iv) Curriculum reforms and (v) Teaching learning reforms.
 
 

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Azad, J.L.(2001) : ' Financing of Secondary Education, Paper Presented in National Conference : Focus Secondary Education, February 14-16, 2001, NIEPA, New Delhi. Blumberg, A. (1986) : The Effective Principal : Perspectives on School Leadership, Allyn and Bacon, Inc. Boston : Mass. Central Board of Secondary Education , Annual Report- 1990-91 to 1998-99, New Delhi. Council of Boards of School Education in India (1995) : Towards Quality Secondary Education: Agenda for 21st Century, Vikash, New Delhi. Josephine, Yazali (1999) : School Efficiency and Resource Planning, New Delhi, NIEPA, New Delhi. Kalra, A. (1997) : Efficient School Management and Role of Principals, A.P.H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi. Mehta, Arun C. (2002) : Education For All in India with Focus on Elementary Education : Current Status, Recent Initiatives and Future Prospects, NIEPA Occasional Papers, No. 30, New Delhi.

Sowmya. R & H Nagaraj

A STUDY ON CROP COMBINATION REGIONS IN CHAMARAJANAGARA DISTRICT: A SPATIO-TEMPORAL ANALYSIS

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8568/8578

 Agriculture occupies an important status in economy of Chamarajanagara District. Chamarajanagara District is the southern-most district in the state of Karnataka. Chamarajanagara district is consisting of 4 taluks - Chamarajanagara, Gundlupet, Kollegala and Yelandur. The crops are generally grown in different crop combination in Chamarajanagra District. In this research paper made an attempt has been made to study crop combination regions. Crop combination is varies in various talkus of this district are closely influenced by fertility of soil, amount of rainfall, irrigation facilities and topographical features. Selected eleven crops have been identify for the crop combination region in the study area and Weaver’s (1954) method is used for identify the different crop combination regions. Based on this method crops- fruits, cotton, bajra and paddy are plays major role in the district because these are stands in first position in the ranking of crops. Out of the four  taluks of Chamarajanagara district in 2005-06 Gundlupet taluk having monoculture crop combination,i.e. cotton, Chamarajanagara and  Kollegala taluk having 2 crop combination i.e.,fruits+jowar, maize+bajra respectively and Yelandur  taluk has 3 crop combinations i.e.,  Sugarcane+paddy+ maize. In 2014-15 Kollegala taluk having monoculture crop combination, i.e. bajra, Chamarajanagara and Gundlupet taluk having 2 crop combination i.e., fruits+jowar, cotton +vegetable respectively and Yelandur taluk has 3 crop combinations i.e., paddy +Sugarcane+fruits. Such types of study represents real situation of cropping pattern in Chamarajanagara District and helps to planners and agricultural scientist for agricultural planning in tehsil level.
Keywords: Crop Combination, Ranking, Principle Crops 
 
 

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Vrishali Deosthali (June - 1997) “Crop Planning for Ahmednagar and solapur District, Maharastra”, The Indian Geographic Journal, Vol .72, No.1, PP No.11-26. S S Hangaragi (June – 2010) “Pattern of Crop Diversification in Bagalokot District of Karntaka”, The Deccan Geographer Journal, Vol.48, No.1, PP No.49-58. Ganesh S.M ankar (June – 2010) “ Agricultural Land Use Pattern In Mulshi Tahsil, Pune District”, The Deccan Geographer Journal, Vol.46, No.1, PP No.85 – 92 S S Hangaragi (June – 2011) “Spatio - Temporal Changes in Cropping Pattern in Bagalkot District, Karnataka”, Vol.49, No.1, PP No.27 – 42. D P Angadi and A S Rayamane (June – 2012) “Impact of Irrigation on Agricultural Development: A Case Study of Belagaum District, Karnataka” Vol.XXXII, No.1, PP No.60 – 69.

Mangalagowri B & H Nagaraj

CHANGING PATTERN OF LAND USE AND ITS IMPACT ON AGRICULTURE: A CASE STUDY OF MYSORE DISTRICT

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8569/8586

 Land is a scarce resource, whose supply is fixed for all practical purposes at the same time. The demand for land for various competing purposes is continuously increasing with the increase in human population and economic growth. Land use pattern at any given time is determined by several factors including size of human and livestock population, the demand pattern, the technology in use, the cultural traditions, the location and capability of land, institutional factors like ownership pattern and rights and state regulation. The land use pattern besides having economic implications has also important ecological dimensions, which if ignored can have disastrous consequence. The land is the sole resources of sustenance mankind supporting the planed, animal and human life for providing the food, and shelter. Man utilizes land for various purposes like agriculture of urban development, settlement industrial activities etc.. The growing pressure population coupled increasing varieties of demands being made on the land resource have brought extra pressure on the land resource all over the country. In this paper shows that non agriculture land increase from 8.9% to 11%, and current fallow land increase from 3.2% to 6 % of total area, and also cultivable waste land decrease from 4 % to 3% ,
Keywords: Ecological Dimensions, Urban Development, Economic Implications
 
 

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Abani, k. Bhagabatti. (1993): ‘agricultural development in Assam’, annals of the national association of geographers, India. Vol, XIII, No.2. 19-28 Allan , Corey & kers , Suzi (2013): “Examining patterns in and drivers of rural land values Amani,.K.Z. (1976): Agricultural land use in Aligarh district, Kumar publication, Aligarh. Aswathnarayana, v. s. (1993): An analysis of land use systems for agricultural developoment in Raichur district: A case study of manavi taluk, PhD thesis, unpublished, university of Mysore, Mysore 570006. Dr. premakumara, Seema (2013): “Land use pattern in India and Karnataka: A comparative analysis”, IJSR- international journal of scientific research, Vol:2/ issue:10/otcober-2013. E.Abdul azeez and K.K Subramanian (2000): “Industrial growth in Kerala: Trends and explanations”. Golub, alle and W.Hertel, Thomas (2008): “Global economic integration and land use change”, journal of economic integration 23(3), sept 2008. Kuldip Kaur and Seema Saini (2011): “Impact of urbanization on environment and socio-economic variables in Punjab”, Indian journal of regional science, Vol-XXXXIII, NO-2. Kewalramani Gita (2002): “Land use change in the pre-urban interface of Mumbai”: A case study of the Varai virar lowlands.

MADHURI BHAMARE

ITAR MAGASWARGIY: JANGANANA

Nov-Dec,2017, Vol - 4/37, Page - 8675/8679